You are on page 1of 4

PENDAHULUAN Penggunaan konsumsi listrik yang cukup besar pada suatu mesin-mesin di dunia industri dan atau

produksi berbagai macam kebutuhan manusia, seperti makanan, kosmetik, pakaian, dan sebagainya, temperatur merupakan salah satu parameter penting yang harus diperhatikan. Pada mesin atau pada proses produksi sangat berpengaruh dan perlu dipantau secara berkala perubahannya agar mendapatkan hasil yang berkualitas dari sisi produksi, serta dapat meningkatkan masa pakai dari suatu mesin-mesin. Temperatur pun merupakan sesuatu dari beberapa hal yang tidak dapat diukur secara langsung, tetapi dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan parameter lainnya, dengan artian pengukuran secara tidak langsung [1]. Ada dua macam metode pengukuran temperatur, yaitu secara langsung maupun secara tidak langsung. Pengukuran temperatur secara tidak langsung dinamakan dengan thermovision [1]. Salah satu alat yang dapat digunakan untuk mengukur temperatur tanpa kontak langsung adalah dengan menggunakan infrared.
Penggunaan Infrared Untuk Mendeteksi Suhu Keuntungan dari infrared

[1]Taking Advantage of Infrared Camera for Temperature Measurement of Asynchronous Machines
Hana Kuchynkova, Vitezslav Hajek
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Department of Power Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technická 8, 616 00 Brno, Czech Republic Phone: 00420-54114 2497, fax: 00420-54114 2464, e-mail: kuchynka@feec.vutbr.cz

Application of Micro Sensors on Diagnosis of Micro Fuel Cells
Chi-Yuan Lee, Shuo-Jen Lee, and Chi-Lieh Hsieh Department ofMechanical Engineering, Fuel Cell Research Center, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, R. 0. C.

The Theory and Type of Temperature Sensor The general temperature sensor has four main parts: a resistance temperature detector (RTD), a thermal sensitive resistor (thermistor), a thermocouple, and a mercury-in-glass thermometer. A traditional thermocouple is typically

p is the resistivity (Q-m). simplicity of fabrication. resistance wire RTDs. 2Department ofMechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering. O. Shuo-Jen Leet. ILan. *Contact author: cylee@saturn. high accuracy.yzu. and 2. high accuracy.edu. National ILan University. we applied the MEMS technologies to adopt the RTD as the temperature sensor on the rib of the channel to observe the temperature distribution characteristic in every place within the fuel cell.tw 1-4244-0610-2/07/$20. Taoyuan. a short response time and ease ofmass production. and their ability to measure the temperature more effectively than a traditional thermocouple. A is the cross-section area (m ) R pL Integration of Micro Temperature Sensor and Metal Foil as Gas Diffusion Layer for Micro Fuel Cell Chi-Yuan Leel *.1. C. Taiwan. Yuan Ze Fuel Cell Center. C. Yuan Ze University. short response time. the measurement position cannot be identified accurately. including small volume.contact and non-contact. R. and YZU Fuel Cell Center through the grant No. L is the length of wire (m). Yu-Ming Leel and Wei-Yuan Fanl Department ofMechanical Engineering. Theory ofTemperature Sensor The many temperature sensors can be simply classified into two groups . 0. Taiwan. mass production. Since the volume of a traditional thermocouple is larger and allows This project wasfunded by the Ministry ofEducation ofR. 0950026846. C. Thin film RTD sensors have numerous advantages. R. Yuh-Chung Hu2 . thermistors (thermal sensitive resistor).employed to measure the temperature in the fuel cell. The resistance of a general metal is expressed as in R = -(1) where R is the resistance (Q).00 C)2007 IEEE 434 fuel gas to leak out. A thermocouple sensor generates varying voltage signals whose leg combines with different metal to generate a predictable voltage at a given temperature and the resistance temperature detector (RTD) produces varying resistance values and can be divided into two types . Contact temperature sensors include thermocouples and resistor sensors. Consequently. O. The advantages of array micro RTD sensors are their small volume. Chen-Hen Lint. .

and YZU Fuel Cell Center through the grant No. Yuan Ze University. C. the thin film RTD sensors have many advantages. Taipei. R.O. resistance wire RTD. However. If the resistance of the RTD varies linearly with temperature. is the resistance at i °C. L denotes the len~h of the wire (m). R. O. thermistor (thermal sensitive resistor). Wen-Pin Shih2 . Taiwan. The resistance ofa general metal is expressed as This project wasfunded by the Ministry ofEducation ofR. and A denotes the cross-sectional area (m2 ). Equation (2) can be rearranged to Fabrication of Micro Temperature Sensor and Heater in a Stainless Steel-based Micro Reformer Chi-Yuan LeeI *. Chi-Chung ChangI and Pei-Zen Chang3 Department ofMechanical Engineering. short response time and mass production. 2. National Taiwan University. 1. C. through the grant NSC 97-2627-M-155-003.tw R=pL/A Fabrication of Micro Temperature Sensor on the Flexible Substrate . A thermocouple sensor generates varying voltage signals whose leg combines with different metal to generate a predictable voltage at a given temperature and the resistance temperature detector (RTD) produces varying resistance values and can be divided into two types. Taiwan. high accuracy. C. contact and non-contact. O.edu. Taipei. O.The resistance ofa metal is generally given by R=pL/A where R denotes the resistance p denotes the resistivity m). and is the sensitivity [8]. 2 Department ofMechanical Engineering. including small volume. C. O. Taoyuan. R. Chen-Hen LinI . then the relationship between the measured resistance and the temperature change is where R is the resistance at °C. Shuo-Jen LeeI . 3Institute ofApplied Mechanics. National Taiwan University.C. 217019 and National Science Council ofR.yzu. *Contact author: cylee@Jsaturn. Yuan Ze Fuel Cell Center. Taiwan. Theory ofTemperature Sensor The many types of temperature sensors can be simply classified into two groups. Contact temperature sensors include thermocouples and resistor sensors. R.

Theory of Temperature Sensor The many types of temperature sensors can be simply classified into two groups. including small volume.Chi-Yuan Lee*. If the temperature of the RTD varies linearly. _ is the sum. Yuan Ze University. short response time and mass production. and YZU Fuel Cell Center through the grant No. the thin film RTD sensors have many advantages. Contact temperature sensors include thermocouples and resistor sensors. i x is the individual score.tw 1-4244- . high accuracy. 0950026846. C.yzu.O. resistance wire RTD. and A is the cross-sectional area (m 2). However. T _ is the sensitivity. and n is the sample size (number of scores). the standard deviation of experiment can be expressed as 1 1 ( )2 i S _ n _ x _ x (4) where S represents the standard deviation. x is the mean of all scores. Ri is the resistance at i _C. Taiwan. 2. Taoyuan. then the relationship between the measured resistance and the temperature change can be expressed as (1 ) t i T R _ R __ _T (2) where Rt is the resistance at t _C. The resistance of a general metal is expressed as R _ _ L A (1) where R is the resistance (_). _ is the resistivity (_ m). Yuan Ze Fuel Cell Center. 1.C. contact and non-contact. R. The correlation coefficient satisfies 1 1 1 ( )( ) n iiXiYr n x x s y y s __ _ _ _ (5) This project was funded by the Ministry of Education of R. Standard Deviation of Experiment Results In this experiment. Equation (2) can be rearranged into ( ) T t i i _ _ R _ R R _T (3) B. and Guan-Wei Wu Department of Mechanical Engineering. L is the length of the wire (m). A thermocouple sensor generates varying voltage signals whose leg combines with different metal to generate a predictable voltage at a given temperature and the resistance temperature detector (RTD) produces varying resistance values and can be divided into two types. O.edu. thermistor (thermal sensitive resistor). *Contact author: cylee@saturn. Shuo-Jen Lee.