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Whipworm

What it is:
The roundworm (Trichuris trichiura or Trichocephalus trichiuris) is a worm that causes trichuriasis when it infects a human large intestine. It is commonly known as the whipworm which refers to the shape of the worm; it looks like a whip with wider "handles" at the posterior end. Whipworm infection is caused by the roundworm, Trichocephalus trichiura. It is a common infection that mainly affects children. Children may become infected if they swallow soil contaminated with whipworm eggs. When the eggs hatch inside the body, the whipworm sticks inside the wall of the large intestine. Whipworm is found throughout the world, especially in countries with warm, humid climates. Some outbreaks have been traced to contaminated vegetables (believed to be due to soil contamination).

Signs and symptoms
Symptoms range from mild to severe. Sometimes, there are no symptoms. A severe infection may cause: • • • • Bloody diarrhea Iron-deficiency anemia Fecal incontinence (during sleep) Rectal prolapsed

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Light infestations (<100 worms) are frequently asymptomatic. Heavy infestations may have bloody diarrhea. Long-standing blood loss may lead to iron-deficiency anemia. Rectal prolapse is possible in severe cases. Vitamin A deficiency may also result due to infection.

Mechanical damage to the mucosa may occur as well as toxic or inflammatory damage to the intestines of the host.
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Bennett JE.gov. S Booker. Always wash your hands before handling food. Mebendazole taken by mouth for 3 days is commonly prescribed when the infection causes symptoms. 85. Infection can be avoided by proper disposal of human feces. L Savioli. 2 . NR deSilva. Albendazole is used as an alternative therapy. Retreatment is occasionally necessary if symptoms persist longer than 2 weeks after initial treatment.Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms". 7th ed. eds.Treatment and management Mebendazole is 90% effective in the first dose. Medterms. Ncbi. References Maguire JH. Most infections can be treated successfully with mebendazole or albendazole. Thoroughly washing food may also help prevent this condition.1391 "Trichuris trichiura definition . Science (2010). 19. Intestinal nematodes (roundworms). The addition of ivermectin to either of these improves cure rates. Adding iron to the bloodstream helps solve the iron deficiency and rectal prolapse. Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone. Explotation of the Intestinal Microflora by Parasitic Nematode Trichuris muris. 2000-04-15. Soil-Transmitted helminth infections: Updating the Global Picture. In: Mandell GL. 397-403 (1999). How much human helminthiasis is there in the world? J Parasitol. not eating dirt. Retrieved 2009-05-19 K.nlm. Simple and effective proper hygiene such as washing hands and food is recommended for control. S. DW Compton. Infections are treated with broad-spectrum anthelminthic agents. 328. PJ Hotez. Trends Parasitol. Hayes et al. Prevention and management Improved facilities for feces disposal have decreased the incidence of whipworm. 2009:chap 287. 547-551 (2003). avoiding fecal contamination of food. and albendazole may also be offered as an anti-parasitic agent. Philadelphia.com. "Trichuris Trichura".nih. D Engles. Retrieved 2009-05-19. and avoiding crops fertilized with night soil. A Montresor. Dolin R.. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases .

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