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• Economic empowerment: More women than men live in poverty.

Economic disparities persist partly because much of the unpaid work within families and communities falls on the shoulders of women and because they face discrimination in the economic sphere. • • Educational empowerment: About two thirds of the illiterate adults in the world are female. Higher levels of women's education are strongly associated with both lower infant mortality and lower fertility, as well as with higher levels of education and economic opportunity for their children. • • Political empowerment: Social and legal institutions still do not guarantee women equality in basic legal and human rights, in access to or control of land or other resources, in employment and earning, and social and political participation. Laws against domestic violence are often not enforced on behalf of women. • • Empowerment throughout the life cycle: Reproductive health is a lifetime concern for both women and men, from infancy to old age. UNFPA supports programming tailored to the different challenges they face at different times in life.

Political Empowerment
Throughout much of the world, women’s equality is undermined by historical imbalances in decision-making power and access to resources, rights, and entitlements for women. Either by law or by custom, women in many countries still lack rights to: • Own land and to inherit property • Obtain access to credit • Attend and stay in school • Earn income and move up in their work, free from job discrimination Moreover, women are still widely under-represented in decisionmaking at all levels, in the household and in the public sphere. Addressing these inequities through laws and public policy is a way of formalizing the goal of gender equality. Legal changes, which most countries have now implemented, are often a necessary step to institute gender equality, but not necessarily sufficient to create lasting

changes. Addressing the gaps between what the law proscribes and what actually occurs often requires broad, integrated campaigns.

Women’s Work and Economic Empowerment
In nearly every country, women work longer hours than men, but are usually paid less and are more likely to live in poverty. In subsistence economies, women spend much of the day performing tasks to maintain the household, such as carrying water and collecting fuel wood. In many countries women are also responsible for agricultural production and selling. Often they take on paid work or entrepreneurial enterprises as well. Unpaid domestic work – from food preparation to caregiving – directly affects the health and overall well being and quality of life of children and other household members. The need for women’s unpaid labour often increases with economic shocks, such as those associated with the AIDS pandemic or economic restructuring. Yet women's voices and lived experiences – whether as workers (paid and unpaid), citizens, or consumers – are still largely missing from debates on finance and development. Poor women do more unpaid work, work longer hours and may accept degrading working conditions during times of crisis, just to ensure that their families survive.

Intergenerational gender gaps
The differences in the work patterns of men and women, and the 'invisibility' of work that is not included in national accounts, lead to lower entitlements to women than to men. Women’s lower access to resources and the lack of attention to gender in macroeconomic policy adds to the inequity, which, in turn, perpetuates gender gaps. For example, when girls reach adolescence they are typically expected to spend more time in household activities, while boys spend more time on farming or wage work. By the time girls and boys become adults, females generally work longer hours than males, have less experience in the labour force, earn less income and have less leisure, recreation or rest time. This has implications for investments in the next generation. If parents view daughters as less likely to take paid work or earn market wages, they may be less inclined to invest in their education, women's fastest route out of poverty.

Empowering Women through Education

Besides having fewer children. Universal completion of primary education was set as a 20-year goal. However." —ICPD Programme of Action. because poor parents often must choose which of their children to educate. Investments in secondary school education for girls yields especially high dividends.2 Education is important for everyone. as a force for social and economic development. The 1994 Cairo Consensus recognized education. paragraph 4. and the mother's education is usually more influential than the father's. mothers with schooling are less likely to have mistimed or unintended births. Educated mothers are more likely to be in the labour force. especially for women. Girls who have been educated are likely to marry later and to have smaller and healthier families. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities. can concentrate more attention on each child. as was wider access to secondary and higher education among girls and women. And educated mothers."Education is one of the most important means of empowering women with the knowledge. women’s literacy rates are significantly lower than men’s in most developing countries. Educated women can recognize the importance of health care and know how to seek it for themselves and their children. An educated mother's greater influence in household negotiations may allow her to secure more resources for her children. This has implications for schooling. averaging fewer children. . Education has far-reaching effects The education of parents is linked to their children's educational attainment. allowing them to pay some of the costs of schooling. skills and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. and may be more aware of returns to schooling. but it is especially significant for girls and women. Closing the gender gap in education by 2015 is also one of the benchmarks for the Millennium Development Goals. Investing in girls' education is one of the most effective ways to reduce poverty. Education helps girls and women to know their rights and to gain confidence to claim them. Closing the gender gap in education is a development priority. but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations.

overcome adversity and pushed past heartache and strife. She feels the softness of her hands and muses at the strength that they possess. And the one thing she never understood. she has risen from the ashes and soared to a new plane of it all begins and ends with you.The Empowered Woman. She now understands what it means to live and let live. Quietly. How much to ask for herself and how much to give. she speaks her truth without doubt or hesitation and the life she leads is of her own creation.poems4you. Her senses now heightened. Like the mythical Phoenix. she moves through the world with a sense of confidence and grace. http://www. Her needs and desires she has learned to express. She has a strong.html Believe and Achieve . She hears the wind rustling through the trees. yet generous heart and the inner beauty she emanates truly sets her apart. Her once reckless spirit now tempered by wisdom. beckoning her to live the dreams she holds so dearly. she now knows to be true. yet firmly. unfettered by the things that once that posed such resistance. She has tasted the bitter and savored the sweet fruits of life. she sees everything so clearly.

You can be anything you want in life Once you walk by faith and not by sight You can go on and achieve your goals If you first believe in yourself Don’t listen to you can’t Don’t listen to it’s impossible Don’t listen to it can’t be done Don’t listen to anything negative Tell yourself you can Tell yourself I will make it possible Tell yourself I will do it Just think positive Go out and get your dream But make sure you go out and do it Once you believe You will definitely achieve Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. All rights reserved


I Still Believe I’ve been through many things I’ve allowed certain situations to happen My time hasn’t quite come It hasn’t quite happened for me yet It has been a stop. start season When things were going so well All of a sudden things just haven’t gone my way I still believe I still have faith I still have hope I never think about giving up It's when you are weak He is strong It's when you give up .

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 Empowerment poem I've Come Believing is a poem that speaks about the main person who can empower people. The other empowerment poem Keep Going is a self empowerment poem. which is God.You don’t realise how close you actually were But still I hang on in there and believe Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. This person in the poem came to church believing that there was something more than what the world had to offer. we need to keep going towards the goal. It mentions various trials that we may or have come across but regardless of what they are. 
 . Empower yourself in times when you feel like you can't.

I've Come Believing I never came to church To look for a girl Something was missing I just needed to find out what it was I knew there was a God I knew there was a Saviour I came in anticipation In getting to know more of the Lord I’m weary of your presence I’m weary of your power But I’ve come believing .

There is something More than the life I live My desire now is to see The work of God in me I’ve come believing that there is something more than this world Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. All rights reserved

 Keep Going You throw an arrow at me I keep going You throw the kitchen sink at me I keep going You discourage me .

The .I keep going You take away my job I keep going You take away my money I keep going You tell me I can’t I keep going You tell me I’m worthless I keep going You place a wall in front of me But I keep going Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. All rights reserved

 Empowerment poem Nothing is Impossible .

Where I am Doesn't Matter is a self empowerment poem that says whatever circumstance you may be in doesn't really matter because you know the bigger picture. 
 Nothing is Impossible Nothing is impossible . That's why you must believe that nothing is impossible.title was inspired by the Adidas adverts that say "Impossible is nothing". This empowerment poem can be defined like this "You did the impossible because you didn't realise it was impossible".

If you believe it's possible Whatever your dreams Whatever your visions Make the invisible. visible Bring it fourth unto this earth Allow people to stand in your ideas Allow people to see your dream come to fruition Believe in yourself And make it happen Don’t give up when situations get tough Don’t give up when your feeling rough It’s all down to you To make your dream come true Nothing is impossible If you believe it's possible Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. All rights reserved


Where I am Doesn't Matter Where I am right now doesn’t matter Because I know I have a bright future My circumstance is beneath me Because I know where I will be Words won’t discourage me Obstacles won’t hinder me Trials won’t sadden me Tribulations won’t affect me I know where I’m going and What it takes to get there So the rest of my journey is by faith And crossing that bridge called risk .

The other empowerment poem You Can if You Believe derives from the "You Can" poem.Where I am right now doesn’t matter Because I know I'm on the path of becoming Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. To achieve what you desire in life you need to make sure you believe in yourself first. 
 . All rights reserved

 Empowerment poem You Can empowers you to believe that you can achieve whatever you desire to be in life.

You Can You can be a great singer You can be a great worshiper You can be a great business person You can be a great sports person You can be a great dancer You can be a great leader You can be a great writer You can be a great actor You can be a great preacher You can be a great co-ordinator You can be a great model You can be a great musician You can be a great investor You can be a great counsellor You can be anything you want to achieve .

your right No one can stop you from achieving Only yourself if you stop believing Don’t allow negative thoughts to enter your mind Seek direction and don’t walk blind All you need is the faith the size of a mustard seed That is your 1st step if you want to achieve . All rights reserved

 You Can if You Believe Whatever you would like to be in your life Whether you think you can or you think you can’t.But you must first believe…… in yourself Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis.

. They smile when they want to scream. All rights reserved ONE FLAW IN WOMEN Women have strengths that amaze men. love and joy. wealth and prosper You can achieve But only if you believe Copyright © 2012 Liam Francis. but they hold happiness.. They sing when they want to cry.. .Have a positive mind set everyday Stay encouraged even when things don’t go your way Invest time in yourself to know who you are And live a life that you will be proud of You can do anything you desire You can have good health.. They bear hardships and they carry burdens.

. They stand up to injustice. They go without so their family can have. They go to the doctor with a frightened friend.They cry when they are happy and laugh when they are nervous. They don't take "no" for an answer when they believe there is a better solution. They love unconditionally.. They fight for what they believe in. They cry when their children excel and cheer when their friends get awards.

fly. walk. Their hearts break when a friend dies. They grieve at the loss of a family member. Women come in all shapes. yet they are strong when they think there is no strength left.They are happy when they hear about a birth or a wedding. They know that a hug and a kiss can heal a broken heart. sizes and colors. They'll drive. run or e-mail you to show how much they care about you. The heart of a woman is what .

EMPOWERING WOMEN SYNOPSIS 1) INTRODUCTION 2) The women who blazed the trail . IF THERE IS ONE FLAW IN WOMEN. They give moral support to their family and friends.makes the world keep turning. IT IS THAT THEY FORGET THEIR WORTH. They have compassion and ideas. Women have vital things to say and everything to give. They bring joy. HOWEVER. hope and love.

The very concept of women empowerment shows that society as such has given a raw deal to women – who comprise nearly fifty percent of the population and women themselves have to come forward to fight for their rightful place in all walks of life and prevent their exploitation in every field.7 million according to the 2001 census of India. represent 48. The greatest champions of women‟s rights have been great men like Gandhiji.027. Women.01 million.3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Microscopic Minority Sad Plight of Women Empowerment is the only answer What is empowerment Women who proved well due to political empowerment 8) Political Empowerment at the National Level 9) Position in Panchayats 10) Reservation in Parliament and Assemblies a myth ? 11)Social Empowerment 12)Role of NGOs in social empowerment 13) Steps taken by Govt for social empowerment: 14) Empowerment paves way for glory 15) CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION: “There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. Ishwarachandra Vidyasagar. who number 498.2 percent of the country‟s population of 1. It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing. denying women their rightful place. .” said Swami Vivekananda. But through centuries. Raja Rammohun Roy. Let us analyse the ways and means for empowerment of women. Maharshi Karve and ironically those who have systematically exploited and degraded them have also been of a largely-male dominated society. societies in the world over have been trying to fly on only one wing.

Margaret Thatcher. As a supercop.The women who blazed the trail Quite often we are carried away by the roll call of honour – the name of few luminaries who have left their footprints on the sands of time or who are fighting lonely battles – Indira Gandhi. But they form a microscopic minority in a country where even after more than half a century of Independence. the first woman Prime Minister of UK. Kiran Bedi even excelled her male colleagues in jail reforms for which she was awarded Magsaysay Award. eve teasing. Incidence of sexual harassment. Microscopic Minority: All the names cited here have been empowered women and they made both the society and womenfolk proud of them. Chandrika Kumaratunga. the first woman Prime Minister of a country (Sri Lanka) in the world. sexual abuse of female children and rape are on the rise. female infanticide and child marriage are still prevalent in many parts of the country. in fact. but most of the labour laws do not cover them. Sad Plight of Women:Attitudes towards women have not changed. . Women form a sizeable percentage of the workforce in the unorganized sector. things have indeed gone from bad to worse after Independence. Vijayalakshmi Pandit. the first woman Prime Minister of Israel. Dowry is a plague that stalks every family having marriageable daughters and like AIDS it has no cure. virtual second-class citizens. Golda Meir. Now one hears a lot about Nisha Sharma. women are still looked down upon as a lesser species. the first woman President of UN General Assembly and many others. Sirimao Bandaranaike. Despite law. such reprehensible practices as female foeticide. the UP girl who sent her prospective groom and in-law to jail for making unreasonable dowry demands.

though the positive side overshadows the negative side. which further leads to greater empowerment. economic. an empowered woman is in a far better position than a lay. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. Empowerment leads to development. Sushila Nayyar. social and legal fields. with all the social attitudes towards women. Empowerment and development are closely related. execution and implementation of developmental schemes. There are veteran MPs and Ministers in the Centre and the States.Mamata Banerjee has shown that she is still a force in Indian politics.Mayawati and Ms.Jayalalithaa. . These are the widows dumped here by their relatives from West Bengal and other States. women like Sarojini Naidu. If people were empowered they would be able to participate in the planning. What is empowerment: It is giving lawful power or authority to act. have proved to be astute politicians while Ms. Dr. Sucheta Kripalani have done not a little to mould modern India. to be reckoned with. Ms. Apart from Political Empowerment Economic and Social Empowerment are crucial. We had an “iron lady” in Indira Gandhi. the female species is the most vulnerable. Empowerment is the only answer: Will the empowerment of women mean a difference to their present status? The answer could be mixed. Brindavan and Varanasi would have noticed the large number of widows living in abject penury.Those who have been to the pilgrim centers of Matura. unlettered and helpless woman. Women who proved well due to political empowerment:As regards political empowerment we have come a long way. And this empowerment has to cover the political. In almost every sphere.

8 percent in 2004. Women have stormed male bastions of power not only in the village panchayats. Japan‟s 7. Indonesia‟s 8. the 64th Constitutional Amendment Bill for reservation for women in Panchayats was introduced. Although women are still under-represented in the national political arena.0%. the women as Presidents and members of the Panchayats have played a signal role in local bodies. Yet we are far behind countries like Sweden (45. Though it failed in the Rajya Sabha. During his regime. UK (17. we made a bold beginning in respect of the political empowerment of women at the grassroots level during the Rajiv Gandhi regime.Political Empowerment at the National Level All the same.0%.6%). Parliament passed the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments providing for 33% reservation for women in the Panchayat Rajbodies. It has taken 56 years and 13 Lok Sabha for the percentage of women members in the House to move up partially from a mere 4. “Women elected to Panchayats and municipal councils because of reservation policy are now asserting themselves. the 73rd and 74th . In the last decade after the legislation came into force. In December 1992.6%.9%) and France (12. a figure that is far below the average of around 15 percent in countries which have elected legislatures.4%and Bangladesh‟s 2. Pakistan (21. Though our dismal record is comparable to Brazil‟s 8.3%.6%. Russia‟s 7. Cuba (36. who teaches urban studies at Mumbai University‟s Department of Civics and Politics.8%).2%). but in the municipal councils and municipal corporations in towns and big cities.3%).” says Sudha Mohan.2%). women empowerment in national and State politics has just been a non-starter.0%). Germany (32. Position in Panchayats: Of course.4 percent in 1952 to 8. China (21. it was reintroduced during Narasimha Rao‟s regime. Sri Lanka‟s 4.

This has resulted in practical changes. In 2002. The ball started rolling from the days of the Gujral regime. For instance.Constitutional Amendments have increased their access to decision-making at the local level. Shabana Azmi. women in local government tended to take up basic issues like water. Nonetheless. for a change one can feel the predominant presence of women in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation(BMC). do agree that women should be given greater . Reservation in Parliament and Assemblies a myth ? Right from 1996. it still remains in the gestation phase. the women of India have been waiting for the clearance of the Women‟s Reservation Bill that would give them one-third reservation in Parliament and the State Legislatures. according to actress and Rajya Sabha member. she said. but because of the lack of sheer political will. Can we ever expect the menfolk who dominate Parliament and State Legislatures with a more than ninety percent majority to surrender their privileges and positions overnight? On some plea or the other. the move is scuttled again and again. health facilities and education even as their male counterparts seemed more interested in building marriage halls and community centers. The Bill was introduced several times since then. got stuck up during the Deve Gowda rule and started moving again after the advent of Vajpayee government. This civic body had approximately five women corporators before the 1992 elections. even those opposed to the Bill in its present form. almost all parties.Large-scale entry of women in local self-government institutions in rural and urban India has changed the face and tenor of the elected bodies. For instance. 78 women entered the 227 members house because of the reservation policy. There have been ugly scenes in the Lok Sabha when irate members tore up the Bill or snatched it from the Minister introducing the Bill.

can effect the change in the life of women. Role of NGOs in social empowerment:Non-governmental organizations are playing a significant role in the empowerment of disadvantages women. This could be achieved a lot though education. Awareness of their rights. bank officials and in a wide range of sectors in the unorganized sector. an apex body of the voluntary sector that aids more than 10. Social Empowerment: Political empowerment of women is only a part of the overall mainstreaming of women. engineers. At the political level only a microscopic minority of women. the Government set up the Central Social Welfare Board. IAS officers. It is the economic and social empowerment of women that needs to be given greater importance.000 NGOs across the country. helping women stand on their own through such programmes as socio-economic programme. In agriculture. IPS officers. Education and training have opened up the avenues of employment and selfemployment in the organized sector. vocational training and other similar programmes. Education of women means greater awareness of their role in society. better knowledge of housekeeping and better performance of their roles as a housewife and mother. Ultimately. Just a few years after Independence. what form the Bill will take in future when it comes to the Lok Sabha remains to be seen. most of the operations are run by women.representation in Parliament and the State Legislatures. Steps taken by Govt for social empowerment: The Department of Women and Child Development has been implementing special programmes for the holistic development and empowerment of women with major . As never before women are working in diverse fields as doctors. at the helm of affairs.

now the focus is on „women‟s empowerment‟. All these projects are designed to empower the lower socio-economic groups in the country. but the ultimate goal of the . While the focus earlier was welfare and development of women. There has been policy shifts from time to time based on the shifts in emphasis. Dowry is still rampant in a virulent form even among the highly educated a girl may be. handicrafts. Only when the demands crossed the limits. The greatest need of the hour is change of social attitude to women. Other major government programmes to empower poor women have been the Swayamsidha launched in March 2001 and the Swa-Shakti Project (earlier known as Rural Women‟s Development and Empowerment Project). dairying. launched in October 1998. dowry is still demanded. We have seen the case of Nisha and she and her parent too were willing to pay the dowry. the year 2001 was declared as “Women‟s Empowerment Year” to bring greater focus on the programmes for women. How many girls are there who can toe her line? Women‟s empowerment means a lot. in traditional sectors of agriculture. Take the classic case of dowry.A programme of Support to Training-cum-Employment for Women (STEP) was launched in 1987 to strengthen and improve the skills for employment opportunities for women below the poverty line. In fact.focus to improve their socio-economic status. she fought back. small animal husbandry. fisheries. handlooms. female-headed households and other poor women. sericulture. The scheme was essentially designed for the marginalized and assetless women.WOMEN DEV CORPN IN STATES Empowerment paves way for glory: Here give some good points through your analysis Conclusion: Empowerment by itself may not place women on an equal footing with men. cottage and village industries. social forestry and wasteland development where women are employed on a large scale.

equalization of man and woman would materialize only when her complementary role is recognized by the society. .