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CHAPTER 10 : NUTRITION

1. Diagram 1 shows health problems due to bad nutrition intake in human.

GOITRE

X

Y

DIAGRAM 1 (a) Name the health problem X and Y in Diagram 1. X Y :………………………………………………………………….. :…………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] (b) State two examples of diseases that are to suffer by obese people. ……………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] (c) From the Diagram 1, which the health problem known as a psychological illness. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) What mineral salt is required for the person who suffered from goiter in Diagram 1? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

2

Diagram 2 shows the Nitrogen cycle. NITROGEN (in the atmosphere)

Process P

X NITRATE (in the soil)

Y

Absorbed by roots of plants

PLANT PROTEIN

die Process Q AMMONIUM Compound DIAGRAM 2 (b) State one function of the nitrogen cycle. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) State two ways X and Y in Diagram 2 that nitrogen in the atmosphere can be converted to nitrate in soil. X Y (c) :…………………………………………………………………… :…………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] die

ANIMAL PROTEIN

Name the process P and process Q in Diagram 2. P Q :……………………………………………………………………. :……………………………………………………………………. [2 marks]

(d)

Name one example of plant where the roots containing nitrogen binding bacteria. ……………………………………………………………………………..

3.

Figure 7 shows part of a Nitrogen Circle.
[Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Kitar Nitrogen]

(a)

(i) Complete the cycle above to identify substance R in Figure 7.
[Lengkapkan kitar di atas untuk mengenal pasti bahan R dalam Rajah 7.] ………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

What state must the nitrates be in to be absorbed by the plants?
[Apakah keadaan nitrat yang boleh diserap oleh tumbuhan?] ………………………………………………………………………………….

(b)

Name the types of bacteria involved in processes P and Q. [Namakan jenis bakteria yang terlibat dalam proses P dan proses Q] (i) Process P [Proses P]: ………………………………………………. (ii) Process Q [Proses Q]: …………………………………………….

(c)

Name one plant involved in process P.
[Namakan satu tumbuhan yang terlibat dalam proses P] ………………………………………………………………………………….

(d)

Give one example of a chemical fertilizer which increases nitrate content in soil.
[Berikan satu contoh baja kimia yang menambahkan kandungan nitrat dalam tanah] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..