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CHAPTER 12 : CARBON COMPOUND

1 Diagram 1 shows the molecular structure of soap

DIAGRAM 1 (a) Label which part is hydrophilic and hydrophobic in the diagram above.

(b)

Base on your answer in (a), state (i) (ii) the part that dissolve in water ............................................. the part that dissolve in oil .................................................

(c)

Name the process for producing soap . ...............................................................................................................

(b)

State one property of soap which enable it to act as a cleansing substance. ...........................................................................................................

Q2

Figure 1 shows an extraction process of a type of oil in laboratory. Rajah 1 menunjukkan proses pengekstrakan sejenis minyak di dalam makmal.

Figure 1

a) On Figure 1, name stage X. Dalam Rajah 1, namakan peringkat X. ……………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] b) At what stage are microorganisms in the oil palm fruit destroyed? Di peringkat manakah mikroorganisma pada buah kelapa sawit dimusnahkan? ……………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark]

c) In the industrial production of the oil, name the stage after the filtration stage. Dalam penghasilan minyak itu secara industri, namakan peringkat selepas peringkat penurasan. …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………… [1mark] d) i)What is M? Apakah M?

…………………………………………………………………………… ………… [1mark] ii ) Name one vitamin found in M? Namakan satu jenis vitamin yang terdapat dalam M. …………………………………………………………………………… ………… [1mark] e) Figure 2 shows parts of an oil palm fruit. Rajah 2 menunjukkan bahagian-bahagian buah kelapa sawit.

Figure 2

Circle the label to show the part of the oil palm fruit that produces a lot of substance M. [1mark] Bulatkan pada label untuk menetukan bahagian buah kelapa sawit yang banyak menghasilkan bahan M.

Q3 .

Diagram 1 shows a cross section of an oil palm fruit. Rajah 1 menunjukkan keratan rentas buah kelapa sawit.

Diagram 1 a) Name parts Y and Z in diagram 1. Namakan bahagian Y dan Z pada rajah 1 Which part in diagram 1 contains most oil? Bahagian yang manakah mempunyai kandungan minyak paling tinggi dalam rajah 1? ……………………………………………………………………………………… c) State two nutritional substances that can be found in palm oil. Berikan dua kandungan nutrisi yang boleh diperolehi dari minyak kelapa sawit. (i) (ii) d) ……………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………...

b)

In oil palm processing, name the type of bleaching that are used to remove the natural colour of oil palm?

Namakan peluntur yang digunakan untuk melunturkan warna asal buah kelapa sawit ketika pemprosesan buah kelapa sawit. ……………………………………………………………………………. e) Oil palm is a type of fats. State what group of fats it can be classified into? Minyak kelapa sawit adalah sejenis lemak. Nyatakan dalam kumpulan lemak apakah ia dikategorikan? .................................................................................................................................... Tick (√) the product that can be made from palm oil. Tandakan (√) produk yang boleh dihasilkan dari minyak kelapa sawit.

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