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Published by the Georgia Native Plant Society
October 2009 Volume XV, Number 4

Nature‘s Greenhouse
By Ellen Honeycutt Page 3 It takes some effort to learn how to recognize your seedlings, and some of them are ugly at first! ... If you get a seedling that you don‘t recognize, look at what‘s in the area around it, and see if those plants provide a clue.

The Discover Life Project
President‘s Message Plant Rescue News Chapter News Plant Focus Upcoming GNPS Events Member Page 2 14 15 16 17 19 By Mary Tucker Page 5 At the May 2009 GNPS meeting, we learned from Dr. John Pickering about an extensive, fascinating project called Discover Life.

Identifying Plants in the Off Season
By Mike Strickland Page 6 For those new to native plant identification, and for those not-so-new as well, identifying plants in all seasons of the year can be a challenge.

Newsletter Editor Sharon Parry Newsletter staff: Ellen Honeycutt and Lisa Betz, Proofreaders NativeSCAPE is published quarterly by the Georgia Native Plant Society. A subscription is included with membership in the GNPS. Copyright 2009 by the Georgia Native Plant Society. All rights reserved. Articles may not be reprinted without permission of the author. A Rescuer‘s Guide to Georgia Native Plants
By Mary Tucker Page 9 At this site you will find a monthly array of plant photos, letting you know exactly what you are likely to find on a hike or a rescue during the current month.

Nurturing Nature
By Connie Ghosh Page 10 Above and beyond gardening according to environmental principles, we are quietly working out, in our own minds and yards, the principles of native habitat restoration on a practical, small scale, ―everyman‖ basis.

Native Walnuts
by Ken Gohring Page 11 The genera Juglans includes a number of walnut species found in both North and South America, Southeast Europe and Asia. There are six recognized species found in the United States.


Georgia Native Plant Society P.O. Box 422085 Atlanta, GA 30342-2085 770-343-6000 GNPS Board of Directors President Marcia Winchester Vice President Kathryn Gable Secretary Shirley Center Treasurer Paula Reith Members-at-Large: Tom Painter Dick Reeves Don Stewart Director of Communications Sharon Parry Director of Conservation David Zaparanick Director of Education Ellen Honeycutt Director of Membership Mary Lou Cannamela
About your membership in the Georgia Native Plant Society Your membership dues and donations help support our mission which is: To promote the stewardship and conservation of Georgia‘s native plants and their habitats By sponsoring meetings, workshops, an annual symposium, grants, scholarships, the native plant rescue program, and this newsletter utilizing an all-volunteer staff of dedicated native plant enthusiasts. We look forward to and appreciate your continued support. Membership renewal forms for 2010 can now be completed online or by completing the form on p. 20.

NativeSCAPE July 2009
President‘s Message
By Marcia Winchester Recently while waiting for my car to be repaired, I pulled out ―Bringing Nature Home‖ by Douglas Tallamy. Tallamy spoke at our 2009 symposium on his book and how important native plants are in sustaining our wildlife. Sitting in the repair shop, I read chapter 7: ―The Cost of Using Alien Ornamentals‖. Tallamy lists the devastation of so many of our native plants from insects and diseases brought in from other countries. Some like the Chestnut Blight were introduced long before we understood about potential danger from non-native insects and diseases. But what caught my attention was that even with quarantining foreign plants, pests are still escaping detection and spreading in as late as 2006. I will think twice before I purchase non-native plants, and this is yet another reason to add to the long list of why it is important to use natives as our choice. Tallamy‘s message also underscores the educational importance of the Georgia Native Plant Society and other like-minded organizations. As the year comes to a close, I‘d like to recap what the GNPS has done this year. Throughout the year, volunteers have participated in many events to represent the Society. Volunteers represent the heart of the GNPS, bringing our message to many new people in ways that books and brochures cannot. Hands-on volunteers at our restoration efforts like Heritage Park and our conservation programs like the Stone Mountain Propagation Project (SMPP) not only show the public what native plants and natural areas can look like but also teach them how to restore areas and propagate plants (while learning themselves). Heritage Park was featured on our April garden tour, and the SMPP held its first open house in June. Educational events held this year included the annual symposium, membership meetings, three field trips and two workshops. As a result of our meeting survey, we scheduled two meetings at different locations and organized a carpooling committee to help members find each other. We could do so much more if more people would volunteer to help organize meetings, field trips and workshops. Check out our Volunteers Needed Page to find opportunities to contribute. Lullwater Garden Club in Atlanta has been added as a GNPS restoration project, increasing our number of restoration/conservation projects. Consider volunteering for any of the restoration projects when workdays are scheduled – new volunteers lighten the load and bring new energy to our projects. The GNPS Board is excited that our first chapter was approved this year: the West Georgia Chapter of the GNPS brings activities closer to home for members in the Carrollton area. The chapter now has around 40 members. Visit their website at The GNPS website has continued to be a source of up-to-date announcements and resources for our members. Changes such as the addition of many older documents, electronic signups for rescues and membership renewals, and a growing list of resource links has created a site that is invaluable not only for our members but also visitors exploring what the GNPS has to offer. If you haven‘t explored it lately, check out the links of interest section. Despite coming into the year with a projected deficit in the budget, the GNPS was able to fund all activities as planned, including research grants and scholarships. The Board also voted to donate $2500 towards the printing of the ―Native Warm Season Grass Field Identification and Planting Guide‖ by the Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center. Savings were realized by changing to an electronic newsletter, electronic Garden Tour brochure, and ondemand printing for new t-shirts. Extra funds were garnered by a plant sale at SMPP in April. Of course, membership dollars continue to be a significant source of support for our programs that educate and attract new members, so remember to renew your membership for 2010. You‘ll find membership forms at our website and at the end of this newsletter. Upcoming for 2010: a GNPS display garden at the Southeastern Flower Show in Cobb County, our 15th annual symposium (both in February), a return of our annual plant sale in late April and dozens of chances to volunteer at events, restoration/conservation activities and many other ways to become more involved. I believe that the Society‘s strength lies in active membership and hope that each and every one of you will consider joining an activity of interest. This is my last President‘s message to you. I have enjoyed serving as President for the last two years. As I write this, the Nominations Committee is soliciting for new Board members to guide us thru 2010. I plan to remain on the board in the Past President position and look forward to helping the new Board take the GNPS into the new year. I hope to see you around at one of our many activities, especially at our November 10 meeting at 7:00 pm where we will socialize and vote on our next Board of Directors.


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Nature‘s Greenhouse
By Ellen Honeycutt

My friend (and fellow GNPS member) Sheri George is so adept at propagation. It does help that she has a small greenhouse, but even without it, I am sure she would be very good. She is especially good with seeds. On the other hand, I am terrible at raising plants from seeds – with the exception of buckeyes. I fight off the squirrels and successfully raise about 40 buckeyes every winter. Despite my lack of success with seeds, however, I happily give away baby plants to friends and to the GNPS every year. How do I do it? I have discovered the bounty of Mother Nature‘s greenhouse! Through careful observation I have found valuable seedlings all over my yard and have learned to dig them out from among the weedlings (that is, weed seedlings), discarding the bad while keeping the good. Each spring, areas of my yard are covered in red maple (Acer rubrum) and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) seedlings, and I pull them out by the dozens while comfortably seated on the ground. But among those seedlings can also be found the occasional New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus), sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) and persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) seedling. I also found today two plants on the Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council‘s list of invasive plants: a mahonia (Mahonia bealei) and a privet (Ligustrum sinense)! While I throw away the weedlings, I pot up the extra New Jersey tea, sourwood and persimmon babies.

Over in the front bed, I was blessed this year with an abundance of Penstemon smallii seedlings courtesy of a plant that I got from Home Depot last year. Many of these were potted up for the GNPS propagation project in Stone Mountain, but friends got a lot of them as well. Once the soil temperatures increased, scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea) seeds sprouted (some seeds don‘t germinate until the soil is warmer, so you can get seedlings in the summertime as well). This annual native salvia is a wonderful redflowering plant, and the hummingbirds love it. I got my first plant courtesy of Sheri, as a matter of fact. I love to share this one with friends too, especially friends that love birds (the goldfinches stop by to eat the seeds).

In a foundation bed, the cool mossy areas are a favorite place for cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) seeds to germinate. Four or five new ones appear each year, some as late as the end of July. Not all of these are shared as this can be a shorter lived perennial, and I need to keep a few for myself to keep the stock going. This year I also found some beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) babies too. I can thank the birds for those, I think, as the mother plant is on the other side of the yard. Last year I had baby arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) plants and this year I found witherod

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NativeSCAPE October 2009
Nature‘s Greenhouse
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(Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides) seedlings near the plants that had berries last fall. I thought that was exciting, but then I noticed the seedlings under the Florida anise (Illicium floridanum) – wow! To be fair, I think I helped those by ripping apart some of the seed pods last year and scattering the seeds on the ground.

in more shade if they suffer in the transition. The next steps are just to label them and share them with your friends or with the GNPS. GNPS plant sales are ramping back up again, and donations will no doubt be welcome! I do not get seedlings from every plant – it was years before I spotted a purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) seedling, and even now they are few and far between. Friends report problems with beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis, especially ‗Husker‘s Red‘) seeding all over the place, but I‘ve had only two seedlings so far even after three years. I would love to have some butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) babies, and Price Crafts says she gets them all the time in her garden – but nary a one here. I‘ll keep looking though as some seeds take longer to germinate than others, and I have to trust that Mother Nature knows what she‘s doing. By the way, I have to give credit to the first plant to make me aware of this bounty of nature – black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). Thanks to a seedhead left on the ground, several years ago I found dozens of babies all in one area. The leaf was distinctive enough for me to recognize it and have an ―ah ha!‖ moment. I have been in search of treasure ever since.

It takes some effort to learn how to recognize your seedlings, and some of them are ugly at first! I‘ve included some pictures of my seedlings – I‘m sure you‘ll agree that cardinal flower is quite the ugly duckling. If you get a seedling that you don‘t recognize, look at what‘s in the area around it, and see if those plants provide a clue. Let it grow a bit – those first leaves are the cotyledon. It may be one leaf or two - a plant that has one cotyledon is known as a monocot, while one that has two is known as a dicot. You may not recognize some plants until the second leaves appear. If you are a neat-nick, you can pot up the seedling in question while you wait for it to reveal itself. Depending on the size of the seedling, I use a weed fork or trowel to carefully extricate it from the ground (doing this after a rain or a soaking with the hose makes it easier). Once you pot up your seedlings, water them well and place them in a shady area to get them used to being transplanted. If they are sunloving plants, ease them back in a sunnier area after a week or so. Observe how they do, moving them back


For those interested in assisting Mother Nature in seed propagation, visit our website. Several handouts from symposium speakers have been posted at: Symposium_Papers.html And from the NativeSCAPE archives: Newsletter_Articles/Native_Plant_Propagation.html


NativeSCAPE October 2009
The Discover Life Project
By Mary Tucker

At the May 2009 GNPS meeting, we learned from Dr. John Pickering about an extensive, fascinating project called Discover Life. Dr. Pickering is a faculty member of the Odum School of Ecology at UGA. His passion is conservation, and he is striving to understand changes that are occurring locally and globally which affect distribution and diversity of living things. To assist with his goal of conservation, Dr. Pickering established the Discover Life project and website ( that uses technology to gather together scientists, researchers, and volunteers to study biodiversity and share information to help understand and quantify how plant and animal species are being affected by such forces as climate change, habitat disturbance, and land use. This in turn will improve decision making around the world concerning conservation issues. A goal of Discover Life is to build an on-line encyclopedia of species. The website‘s tools include a global mapper that shows the distribution of species around the world. A search feature at the Discover Life site lets you search for any plant or creature by common or scientific name. For instance, searching for ―hibiscus‖ pulls up a global map showing where hibiscus species are found, as well as a list of the many species that exist around the world. Links with more information are available for each species that has been cataloged. The search engine currently has information on more than 1,289,000 scientific names and more than 101,000 common names. Also of particular interest is the section called ―IDnature Guides.‖ Here are identification guides to many categories of life, including ferns, lizards, birds, butterflies, and wildflowers of North America (as well as many more). Each section will help you identify a creature or plant in that category. One section of the Discover Life website that I found to be of special interest is titled ―Research and Educational Projects‖ (found under the Education section of the website). Included are many worthy programs, most of which are tailored to involvement by the average citizen or even to school children, an excellent way to get future generations involved in the enjoyment and protection of nature.

One of the research and educational projects that will be of special interest to Georgia‘s native plant lovers is the Peoples Online Plant Atlas (POPA). This program is in the process of creating a comprehensive photo atlas of the state‘s estimated 5000 species of vascular plants, and mapping technology will help track distribution of the species. The atlas can help parks and nature centers manage invasive species and monitor changes; help scientists, students, and community volunteers monitor pollinator populations, ecosystem health, and the effects of climate changes; and assist with lesson plans for science education. Native plant enthusiasts are asked to participate by providing photos for the atlas, and detailed instructions on how to participate are included on the website. Our own GNPS webmaster and photographer extraordinaire, Mike Strickland, has contributed almost 5000 photos to the site! (You can learn more about Mike‘s photographic endeavors in the article about his website,, on page six.) If you want to learn about a specific plant or group of plants, the POPA site is quite useful, because you can search for Georgia‘s plants by division, family, or genus. For instance, if you search for ―trillium,‖ all 20 species of trillium found in the state will be shown, each with a link for more information on that species. Other research and educational projects at the Discover Life site include the Goldenrod Challenge, which photographs and records species associated with goldenrods; the Great Sunflower Project, which records bees at sunflowers to monitor and understand bee populations; the Lost Ladybug Project, which monitors native and non-native ladybugs in order to study ladybug diversity and help to prevent the loss of the native species; and the Bee Hunt, which aims to understand the impact of climate change and other factors on plant-pollinator interactions, geographic distributions, and seasonal abundances. I encourage you to browse the Discover Life website for yourself, because this short article can in no way do justice to the many facets of this intriguing site. I also encourage you to personally get involved with the project. The Discover Life home page has a ―get involved‖ link toward the bottom of the page that will inform you of the many ways in which you can contribute. N


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Identifying Plants in the Off Season
By Mike Strickland

For those new to native plant identification, and for those not-so-new as well, identifying plants in all seasons of the year can be a challenge. If you are trying to do the identification when the plant is in bloom and full growth, there isn't much of a problem as there are many books and websites with photos and drawings of that situation. Problems arise in the "off season" - when the plants are dormant. Sure, there are books and websites that help with trees and shrubs, but what about the herbaceous plants that die back each year? Off season identification is many times dependent on text descriptions with plenty of fancy, scientific lingo that the average person is unfamiliar with, generally describing the plant during the growing season, but all is not Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis) stem with leaves lost. Off season Photo Credit: Mike Strickland identification, at least to family or genus, can be accomplished with a keen eye and a little knowledge of what grows in the area. Even though a plant has no living above-ground growth, many times, the dead stem can help to identify the plant that will sprout when growth resumes. These stems are sometimes not much more than a stick with a few shriveled leaves hanging on, or seedpods attached. The shape of the stem, leaf form, growth pattern and leaf scars are typically very helpful. Many times, on a rescue during the late fall and winter, I've been asked how I can find particular plants. My reply is that it comes from practice. There are other

rescuers, who also have trouble with identification, but for one reason or another aren't willing to ask the name of a "stick" they've found. Those rescuers are the hardest to help. I do my best by trying to notice that they've found something and volunteer an identification, if I know it. I also try to convince them that everyone starts out not knowing. There are many plants that I've learned the names of since joining GNPS, like the one I called "Licorice Plant" (because of the smell of the crushed leaves) when I was growing up, that I found out is called Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis). There are still many plants that I don't know the name of, even though I've seen them all my life in the woods. My motto is: "The only dumb question is the one you don't ask," and those who rescue with me will attest to the fact that I ask others, with regularity, for an identification of all sorts of plants I've found of which I don't know the name. For quite a few years now I have been photographing plants during all seasons and compiling a storehouse of photos, available at, that rescuers can use to help identify plants whenever they're on a rescue. The online photos show how the plants look in the current month, which may be in bloom during the growing season, or may be dying back, dormant/dead or sprouting during other seasons. The main things to look for when trying to identify a plant in the off season depends on the type of plant, but there is considerable overlap in the characteristics to keep in mind. Woody Plants - trees, shrubs and woody vines Bud placement and shape: Look to see if the buds are alternate, opposite, clustered at the end of
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White Oak (Quercus alba) showing buds clustered at end of stem Photo Credit: Mike Strickland


NativeSCAPE October 2009
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the branches, pointy, rounded, big or small. A good example here are the Oaks (Quercus spp.) which have buds clustered at the ends of the branches, but identifying the species is more difficult in winter, using buds alone. Beech trees (Fagus spp.) have distinctive long pointed buds, and small specimens tend to hold their leaves during the winter. Dogwoods have round flower buds on larger specimens. Branch growth pattern: Some branches are straight, others zig-zag, others have widened sections. For example Sweet Shrub (Calycanthus floridus) is a Sweet Shrub (Calycanthus floridus) stem Photo Credit: Mike Strickland fairly easy plant to identify because of the opposite position of the buds and pronounced flattened, triangular shape of the stem where buds or offshoot branches are located. Thorns and bark: Some woody plants have thorns, others have distinctive bark that can be of help. The bark may be smooth, of a certain color, have warty or wing-like parts, or a particular pattern of cracks on the main trunk. Odor: The smell of a branch scratched with a fingernail or broken, can often provide a great clue to the identification of a woody plant. Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) is an example of a plant that the smell of a broken branch can help identify. Habitat: Knowing the plants that grow in the habitat can, many times, provide a major clue to the identification of a plant. Use these clues to identify the plant. Don't worry if the

plant you identify is too large to rescue, use the clues you see on the larger plant to try to find smaller, rescue-size, versions in the vicinity. Herbaceous Plants - plants that die back each year Buds: Again, bud placement is an important factor. Many times, even if a dead stem has no leaves on it, the scars from the leaves can be found. Stems: Often, the shape and size of a dead stem can help to identify the plant. Some plants, like Goldenrods (Solidago sp.), have characteristic galls on the stems, which can prove useful for identity, and plants in the mint family generally have squareish stems. Leaves: If leaves are present, look at the overall shape and size, then look to find how the veins run, whether the edge of the leaf was toothed or smooth, and if hairs can be seen, if possible. Seedpods: When seedpods are present, these can be of great help with an identification. Look at arrangement on the stem, shape, size and any other characteristics that you think might be of use. Even if the seeds have dropped, many times the arrangement of the seeds can be determined by looking at the stem. Try to think of the plants you know that have flowers placed similar to the arrangement you find.

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) seedpod Photo Credit: Mike Strickland

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Plant of the Year – Go ahead - nominate one!
So what‘s your favorite native plant? We know you have one! Native plants are very special to all of us for one reason or another so now we‘re asking you to speak up and nominate your favorite for 2010 Plant of the Year. The purpose of the GNPS Plant of the Year program is to recognize native plants in the landscape which benefit our wildlife and ecology. The program highlights native plants that are underutilized in commercial and domestic landscapes or which are vital components of our Georgia ecology. We are looking beyond beauty, even though we acknowledge that this is often what draws us to a special native plant in the first place. By using native plants in our landscapes, we are restoring the components of the former natural habitat - which was here long before we were and supporting our native wildlife, birds and insects. Native plants, animals and other living organisms have interacted with one another and the environment around them for millions of years. Migrations of birds, bloom times of the natives and the awakening of insects are the natural result of these interactions. The native plant you nominate is a part of this balance so please put a little extra thought into the process. Include a few lines to help us all learn from your observations and reasoning and to better appreciate your choice for plant of the year. Last year the majestic White Oak (Quercus alba) was voted plant of the year. This magnificent, long lived hardwood provides food and shelter to birds and animals alike. It is fairly tolerant of a variety of habitats out in the wild but can also be planted in a garden setting since its roots go deep and it rarely drops branches. When nominating your native plant for the prestigious Plant of the Year title, consider what role your plant serves in a healthy ecosystem. It‘s really easy to nominate your plant. GNPS members can simply send an email to - Indicate the plant's common and botanical names and provide a short paragraph explaining your choice. Nominations are open until October 30th. The candidate plants will be posted on the website beginning November 1st. Voting online begins November 1st and ends midnight November 15th. Of course, we will accept votes at the GNPS November general meeting as well. We will announce the winner before the end of the year. Go ahead – nominate! You know you want to see your favorite native plant on next year‘s GNPS t-shirt! Thank you for your continued support of Plant of the Year! -Jacqueline McRae and Paula Reith, co-chairs

Sprouts and rosettes: Sometimes, particularly if the winter is warm, or spring is approaching, the plants will Mountain Mint have one or (Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides) sprouts more sprouts Photo Credit: Mike Strickland buried down in the leaf litter. Pull away the leaves to find out if you can get a clue to the leaves that will be growing later. Other plants will die back, but have a basal rosette of leaves that collect sunlight during the winter, while the trees are bare. Habitat: Where the plant is growing comes into play again with herbaceous plants. It is useful to know the kinds of plants that grow in the particular habitat in summer to narrow down the list of prospects in the off season. It is unlikely that you will identify a plant, in the off season, that is growing out of its common habitat due to a lack of overall evidence to support the identification. Identifying herbaceous plants can be a bit more challenging than woody plants in some cases. Use the clues you see, try to figure out what the plant may have looked like in the growing season as far as leaf/flower placement, size, along with the plants you know that grow in the habitat, to narrow down the possibilities. You just may find that you've narrowed the possibilities down to a few, or even a single plant! With practice, the use of these tips can greatly increase the number of plants that anyone can identify during the off season. Just remember to pay attention to the plants you see in different habitats during the growing season to help you during the off season - and don't be afraid to ask questions when you're out in the woods.



NativeSCAPE October 2009 A Rescuer‘s Guide to Georgia Native Plants
By Mary Tucker

A common and perplexing question we native plant lovers often voice is ―How can I possibly identify a plant if it‘s not blooming?‖ Most of the field guides are based on bloom characteristics, and often books don‘t even have a decent picture of the foliage of a plant. And if you‘re a GNPS plant rescuer, you know that when you are in the woods not every plant of interest will be blooming. So it‘s essential to learn to ID plants by their foliage, or even by the dried seed stalks that may be left behind in the dead of winter. The best way to learn such ID techniques is to spend hours and hours in the woods with knowledgeable plant experts – time consuming indeed. Fortunately, I can tell you the next best thing:, a wonderful website developed by our own GNPS webmaster, Mike Strickland. At Mike‘s site you will find a monthly array of plant photos, letting you know exactly what you are likely to find on a hike or a rescue during the current month. Best of all, you will see what stage of growth the plant will be in, so it will be easy to identify when you come upon it in person.

stages of growth, making a month-by-month record. As his photo collection rapidly increased, Mike established a website on which to post and share the photos. Mike‘s pictures are especially useful for plant rescuers, since they are so helpful for in-the-field identification, but Mike hopes his website will benefit many others as well. ―I hope that the audience is wider than plant rescuers. I want to educate folks, particularly young folks – they‘re the future after all. I‘d like for it to be used in schools to get kids interested in natives. Other than getting kids interested, I hope that anyone who sees something out in the woods and would like to know what it is would take a look to see if they can find it. Guess you could say that my real target audience is anyone who goes out in the woods and would like to learn more about the plants they see.‖ Mike‘s photos are making an impact far beyond his website. In fact, the Discover Life project (see article on page 5) is employing close to 5000 of Mike‘s images in its Peoples Online Plant Atlas. Mike has also provided photos for the Georgia Cooperative Extension Service publication Native Plants for Georgia Part 1: Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines.

The month‘s pictures are Yellow Passionflower (Passiflora lutea) grouped alphabetically by botanical name, and Photo: Mike Strickland each photo can be clicked for a larger display. Both the botanical name and multiple common names are given. A ―search for more information‖ link is included that In addition to the monthly array of plant photos, takes you to a Google search for that plant. This presents you Mike‘s website has other items that will be of interest to the with many links you can then explore. nature enthusiast. Among them are pictures from Mike and wife Gina‘s annual trips to the Southeastern Wildflower Mike also has an index that lists all the plants for Pilgrimage and photos of numerous waterfalls in the which he has a picture during the month. It is organized Southeast. alphabetically by botanical name (common names are given as well), and Mike helpfully includes the Latin name Thanks to Mike‘s time and dedication, his excellent pronunciations, a very useful feature. Thumbnail photos are photography, and his generosity in sharing his pictures, we‘ll not on the index page, but each plant entry lists the dates for finally have some answers the next time we ask that which pictures are available, and you can call up a full-size perplexing question, ―How can I possibly identify a plant if it‘s picture by clicking on the date the picture was taken. not blooming?‖ N Mike first began photographing plants five or six years ago, when he started to document native plants in their different Mike’s website address is


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Nurturing Nature
By Connie Ghosh

Many GNPS members are avid gardeners as well as native plant lovers. We happily design planting places, put in plants, ooh and ahh when our dogtooths and dogwoods bloom, and generally carry on with creating personal little paradises for ourselves, family, and friends. But just like plants, gardeners themselves grow. An increasing number of us are teaching ourselves something very different from what the typical gardener does. Above and beyond gardening according to environmental principles, we are quietly working out, in our own minds and yards, the principles of native habitat restoration on a practical, small scale, ―everyman‖ basis. As awareness of the benefits of habitat restoration grows, various agencies and organizations are undertaking restoration projects. GNPS members are quite involved in volunteering their time and labor for these projects. In return for their efforts, they gain special knowledge and often they find themselves applying this expertise to their own properties in turn. While they cannot apply all the tenets of habitat restoration to small properties, they are nevertheless implementing a sufficient number of new practices to make a difference. Consider that when restoring habitat, we: Think how nature creates communities like the OakHickory forest. Emphasize the dynamics of native plant communities, and the animals living within them. Add plants if needed, researching natural distribution patterns. Use native plants (non-hybrids and within-region). Remove invasive plants.

As a result of those steps, we: Support and re-introduce native plant communities. Allow the plants to grow naturally, without relying on pruning, fertilizing, etc. Re-establish self-reliant and self-perpetuating plant communities. Restore the dominant species of the habitat to their naturally occurring frequencies. In this new practice of ―restorer-gardening,‖ it is not enough to have general native plant lists; it is important to have lists of plants found in specific communities. Where small scale habitat restorers are beginning to operate, success is not counted so much by ―wow!‖ comments from visitors as by species counts. The needs of the environment are considered when planting. Examples include: planting shrubs to deflect the wind and allow other plants to take root, extending the forest boundary by letting tree seedlings grow, and planting native grasses where appropriate. Wildgathered seeds, rescued plants, and forest trees are being planted where once there were lawns and flower beds. Unlike large scale restoration efforts, the small scale habitat restorer will not normally have to call in large numbers of workers to do massive plantings, restore earlier contours, or pull acres of invasives. And due to the small size of most yards, he or she will probably not have room to add more than a half dozen or so young forest trees, or 600-700 sq. ft. of native grasses and shrubs. Small scale restoration, however, can make a difference. Every small restoration feeds the ecosystem and when several small ones are grouped together, the impact grows. Neighbors can come together to make a difference, creating an expanding network of properties that helps to restore stable native plant populations to the land.



NativeSCAPE October 2009
Native Walnuts
By Ken Gohring

In a recent article, the genus Carya, which includes the hickories, was discussed. In this article, the other native member of the Juglandaceae family is considered. The genera Juglans includes a number of walnut species found in North and South America, Southeast Europe and Asia. There are six recognized species found in the United States, although as with many plant species, taxonomists disagree concerning whether some forms are varieties, as opposed to separate species. In general, walnuts are characterized by having compound leaves and nuts enclosed in thick leathery husks. The leaf structure is generally composed of numerous leaflets and ranges from 8 inches to 2 feet plus in length. Their plant growth characteristics range from small trees to larger trees sometimes over a hundred feet tall. Many of the walnut trees have dark wood that is very hard and durable and considered by some to be without equal in use in making cabinets and other wooden furniture. One notable characteristic is that walnuts produce chemicals that are toxic to other plants, inhibiting the growth of other plants around them. Like hickories, walnuts have both male and female catkins pollinated by wind. Juglans nigra - Black Walnut Black walnut is a medium to large tree found as far north as southern Minnesota and as far south as northwest Florida. Its western range extends to eastern Texas and western Oklahoma and to southeast South Dakota. This species can grow as high as 125 feet but normally tops out at 80 feet. It usually has a long smooth trunk and small crown when growing in a forest, but the Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) tree trunks Photo: Bill Cook, Michigan St. University, frequently fork in open areas. The

trees develop a deep taproot and several wide spreading lateral roots. Black walnut grows on a variety of sites but grows best on neutral, deep, well drained soils that are moist and fertile. Slower growth occurs on wetter soils and dry ridges and slopes. It is commonly found on limestone soils. In the mountains, the trees are usually found at elevations below 4000 feet.

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) Fruit Photo: Paul Wray, Iowa State University,

It is considered one of the most durable of US hardwoods. Easily worked with hand tools and wood working machinery, it is often used for high grade furniture, and for stocks for expensive shotguns and hunting rifles. Frequently planted for timber purposes, good specimens can sell for thousands of dollars. Black walnut is shade intolerant and must be dominant to survive in mixed forests. It usually does best as scattered single trees occurring in openings in the canopy. While the black walnut trees are highly prized for timber, they do not make good yard trees. Their tendency to produce periodic crops of nuts results in clean up chores and their early leaf drop can be undesirable. An additional problem is the chemical, called juglone, produced by the leaves, roots and other parts of the tree. This chemical inhibits the growth of plants beneath and around the tree. While some plants are tolerant of juglone, it is particularly difficult for tomatoes and apples. On the small Midwest farm where I grew up, there was a small grove of black walnut with as many as 20 trees. I never knew whether they were planted there
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NativeSCAPE October 2009
Native Walnuts
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or grew naturally. They were located adjacent to a field for growing crops and grew quite well. The nuts, which grew as large as 2-1/2 inches in diameter, were gathered for eating. We were quite fortunate to have a farm association nearby that would hull the nuts gratis in return for the shells. I never knew what the shells were used for, but references indicate that they are sometimes used to produce a brown dye. The nuts are eagerly sought for their use in confections such as ice cream, cakes and candy. The oily nutmeats are more distinctive than those of its related Asian species Juglans regia, which is known as the English walnut. English walnuts are grown extensively in California for commercial use. Black walnut shells are quite hard and difficult to crack. The shells have been used for many purposes such as non slip agents in tires, air pressure propellants in strip paints, and deburring and cleaning agents in industrial applications. A charcoal made from the shells was once used in gas mask filters. Juglans cinerea - Butternut or White Walnut While not considered endangered as yet, this species is becoming scarce in the wild. The trees are threatened by a fungus called butternut canker. This disease is so intense that authorities have decided to consider butternut a "species at risk." In many areas tree kill is 90% and in other locations 100%. The disease has reportedly eliminated butternut in the Carolinas. Even though the tree is sparsely distributed throughout its range, the fungus is quite effective in its destruction. The butternut has limited resistance to this fungus of unknown origin which was most likely introduced from outside North America. It was first observed in the late 1970s in Wisconsin. Apparently, it does not harm any other tree species. Like the efforts to restore the American chestnut (Castanea dentata) and American elm (Ulmus americana), programs are underway to develop resistant cultivars. Butternut is a small to medium sized tree that can, in optimal environments, grow to 75 feet, however it seldom lives over 75 years. While sometimes used for

furniture, the tree is more valued for its nuts. These nuts are oblong with a sticky husk. The nut shell has irregular ridges and the nutmeat is sweet and oily, like butter. The range of the butternut is similar to the black walnut but doesn't extend as far south and extends further north. While found in common areas, the two species apparently do not cross pollinate. Georgia's population is found in the northern part of the state. I have never knowingly seen one on a GNPS rescue, but I did find a nut at a site in Cherokee County near the Etowah River. It could have washed a significant distance from a more northerly site. On a recent Georgia Botanical Society field trip to the northern portion of the Etowah, trip leader Hal Massie found a tree that was identified as Juglans cinerea by Tom Patrick of the DNR. Tom, who was also on the trip, was able to make the identification by observing the amount of hair on the leaves, which is denser on butternuts than on the black walnut. This specimen did not exhibit any of the cankers common to infected trees.

Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Fruit Photo: Paul Wray, Iowa State University,

Butternut trees are sold by numerous plant nurseries. Several select cultivars exist. These are distinguished by good cracking qualities, vigorous growth habit, nut flavor, bearing capability and qualities such as kernel size. I have planted several butternuts in my garden. They are said to grow rapidly at an early stage, however that has not been my experience.
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NativeSCAPE October 2009
Native Walnuts
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George Sanko Receives Tom Dodd Jr. Award of Excellence at Cullowhee Native Plants Conference By: Rick Barnes Apparently the term ―retirement‖ is foreign to George Sanko. For nearly two decades, Sanko has been the driving force behind the Georgia Perimeter College (GPC) Native Plant Botanical Garden, a role he took on to ―wind down a bit‖ after concluding a formal teaching career that ended in 1990 after spanning a quartercentury.
George Sanko For his work as a teacher, botanist, and Photo: Rick Barnes garden director, George received the Tom Dodd Jr. Award of Excellence at the 26th annual Native Plants Conference held at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, NC. Formerly called the ―North American Native Plantsman Award,‖ past recipients include Lady Bird Johnson, Fred Galle, Darrel Morrison, the National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy, and other distinguished Americans selected for their efforts toward the conservation and promotion of native plants in the landscape.

Juglans microcarpa - Little Walnut Little walnut, sometimes called Texas walnut, is a small shrub-like species that usually grows no taller than 20 feet, although some specimens grow taller. It‘s name refers to the size of the species fruit rather than its structure. There are two recognized varieties, var. microcarya and var. stewartii, which differ by leaf and fruit size. It is found from southwestern Kansas through Oklahoma to central New Mexico and Texas south into Mexico. It‘s nuts are the smallest of the native walnuts, only reaching about 3/4 inch in diameter or 1 inch in the case of var. stewartii. Juglans major - Arizona Walnut The Arizona walnut is found from central Texas west into central Arizona. It generally grows to a maximum height of 40 plus feet and lives up to 400 years. Its fruit is larger than the little walnut, reaching 1-1/2 inches in diameter with a thin husk. It hybridizes with the little walnut in areas where both grow. It is the only walnut that grows in the desert. Juglans california - California Black Walnut This species is sometimes called southern California black walnut. Another species, Juglans hindsii, is found further north in California. This species is either a large multi-stemmed shrub or a small single-trunked tree which frequently forks and grows to 20 feet. It has a small hard nut that grows as large as 1-1/2 inches. The species is threatened in its natural area by California's exploding development. Juglans hindsii - Hind's Black Walnut Similar to the California black walnut, this species is considered a variety of such by some. It is also known as northern California walnut. Originally its range was restricted to a few locations near the Bay area, but its use as a rootstock for English walnut has caused its naturalization in many areas of California. It is believed that in some of these areas the species has hybridized with Juglans nigra, the black walnut. Hind's black walnut can grow to a large tree up to 60 feet and its wood is used for furniture and gun stocks.

The lifetime achievement award was presented on July 25, 2009 to honor George‘s work as an instructor of both Botany and Biology to nearly 20,000 students of GPC (then DeKalb Community College), as well as for his stellar work in the development of the GPC Garden on the college‘s Decatur campus which features native plants from North America. ―George‘s Garden,‖ as it is affectionately called, displays hundreds of taxa of native ornamental plants, including ferns, in an informal landscape setting. One important community outreach effort is education: garden staff provides many no-cost educational programs for the general public on topics ranging from plant taxonomy to general gardening to specific classes on gardening with native plants such as ferns and trilliums. The botanical garden is a travel destination for master gardeners, garden clubs, and plant societies. The Plant Sales area stocks unusual native plants for sale to the gardening public. The garden benefits from the work of a dedicated volunteer corps and donations from individuals and non-profits such as the Georgia Native Plant Society. Over the years, GNPS has donated to the garden‘s spring and fall ―Lunch & Learn‖ programs, and recently funded the development of the Jeane Reeves Memorial Garden. In his acceptance remarks, George, in characteristic fashion, shunned all credit, giving it instead to all the students and volunteers who ―actually make things happen.‖ ―I am only a catalyst,‖ he said. Indeed, he is: congratulations, George! N



NativeSCAPE October 2009
Native Plant Rescue News
By Lynn Almand

Is it true you‘ve never been on a plant rescue?
If you haven‘t been on a rescue, now is the time! After a long, hot break from rescues during July and August, we‘re back in the plant rescue business. The September schedule is complete, and we are looking forward to more rescues in October, November, and December. The monthly email rescue announcement contains a link to the website to sign up. If you are not receiving the listserv, please let me know at . You don‘t need to be a native plant expert. It is a learning experience for all of us each time we go, and there are plenty of facilitators and fellow rescuers eager to help get you started. The more you participate, the more you learn. It is so much fun just being out there with like-minded GNPSers digging and talking plants, that you don‘t even have to have a place to plant them. We have many worthwhile projects eager to take your plants. Fall is the perfect time to plant. Many of us pot up freshly dug rescued plants during late spring and summer and wait until fall to get them in the ground. It is much easier to water plants when they are grouped together in pots than to try to remember just where you planted this one or that one around your garden. When you are deciding where to put that potted or freshly dug rescued plant, remember the growing conditions it was in originally. Was it growing in the sun, partial shade or full shade? In dry, sandy soil? In moist, rich soil? In rocky conditions or on a slope? You will have the best success by replicating those conditions in the plant‘s new home. I‘ve also heard many a seasoned rescuer say that most of the plants we rescue would love a little more sun than they received where we dug them. I most often hear that about native azaleas. Many of our woodland plants love a rich, moist soil created by years and years of accumulated leaves that ultimately become part of the soil. Oh, the times I‘ve been digging plants on a rescue and wished I could take home a truckload of that beautiful soil. When Ed McDowell was rescue director, I tried to talk him into buying a bobcat we could haul around on rescues. You can imagine his answer. So, shovel full by shovel full, I try to take a little home with each plant, knowing that it helps to keep the roots moist and safe on the way home and nestles the roots when it‘s planted. The range of conditions native plants love is as varied as the plants themselves. But good gardening practices for natives are really no different than non-natives. Soil preparation, planting in the right place with the right light and moisture, and keeping the plant watered properly until it becomes established are essential elements for any garden. So, what are you waiting for? If you‘ve never been on a rescue or it‘s been awhile, go to the website, pick out a rescue and hopefully you are not too late to sign up. Or if you miss out this time, when you get the next announcement, sign up quickly to secure a place. Hope to see you on a rescue soon.
Marshall Haltom, a Cobb County Eagle Scout Candidate rescuing plants for his Eagle Project with Troop 1011 Photo: Sheri George


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Chapter News
By Gina Strickland

The West Georgia Chapter of the Georgia Native Plant Society will hold a weekend workshop on October 17th at the Carrollton Ag Center on several topics including: Native Plants and Butterflies Using Natives in the Home Landscape Invasive Plants in Georgia This is a fund raiser for the West Georgia Chapter as well as an educational event. The fee for the workshop is $5.00 for members and $10.00 for non-members. The event will include a plant sale, merchandise sale, and a seed swap. The merchandise available will include the new 2010 calendars, as well as GNPS T-shirts, coffee mugs with the WGC logo, and native plant photos suitable for framing. The calendar for 2010 will feature member photos of Georgia‘s native plants and include dates of interest for meetings and events of the West GA Chapter and GNPS, as well as other events of interest to native plant enthusiasts.
Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) on Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides) Photo: Mike Strickland

The WGC is taking nominations for its Board of Directors until November 1st. Send nominations to:
For updates and more information on the West Georgia Chapter of the Georgia Native Plant Society, visit our recently launched website at:


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Plant Focus: Dogbane
By Jim Smith

Many gardeners eschew plants without spectacular flowers, foliage or edible qualities. If you have seen my garden, you would know that these are not criteria for inclusion. In fact, my garden might best be described as a ―horticultural zoo.‖ Any plant that interests me is a candidate for inclusion. One of the plant families that I find interesting is the Apocynaceae. The family comes from an ancient name from the Greek that literally means ―from a dog,‖ because many of the plants in the family were considered poisonous to dogs. Many of the plants in the family are familiar plants to gardeners, from the oleander (Nerium oleander) found along the seacoast, to the garden periwinkles (Vinca spp.) and the blue stars (Amsonia spp.). The latter are common in many gardens and are beautiful, tough and pest-free.

an inflorescence of white to greenish flowers that usually does not exceed the foliage. Both have slender paired follicles that resemble ―skinny‖ milkweed pods. Because of the plants resemblance to milkweeds they are often mis-identified as milkweeds by casual observers, but they are poisonous and should not be confused with milkweed when foraging for wild food. The stems of oleander, when used to skewer and cook meat, were the source of very serious illness and even death on occasion, according to John Kingsbury, the author of ―Poisonous Plants of the United States and Canada.‖ The plants were listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia until 1952, and were widely used medicinally, both here and in Europe. The plant roots contain the glycoside cymarin, which was used as a cardiac stimulant.

Two plants ubiquitous in most of Georgia are the dogbanes (Apocynum spp.). The common names fly-trap and catch-fly derive from the Many Indian fact that the flowers are able tribes including the to trap some insects. Insects Cherokees used the feasting on the nectaries of plants medicinally and the flowers are occasionally also to make a wash to Hemp Dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum) trapped in the narrow fissure Theodore Webster, USDA Agricultural Research Service, treat mange on dogs. between anthers and stigma. Perhaps the most The two are the closely related and very similar A. important use of the plants by most Indian tribes was for androsaemifolium and A. cannabinum. They are both thread, cordage and fish nets. There are very specific found along woodland margins and both have opposite instructions on the internet on methods to harvest, dry, leaves, milky sap and urceolate (urn-shaped) flowers. extract and use the fibers of this interesting plant. Give The former usually has an inflorescence of white to it a try. N pinkish flowers that overtop the foliage and the latter


NativeSCAPE October 2009
Upcoming GNPS Events
November 1: Voting Begins for Plant of the Year! The candidate plants will be posted on the website beginning November 1 st. Voting online begins November 1st and ends midnight November 15th. (See full article on Page 8)

November 10 at 7:00 PM: GNPS Meeting Come join your GNPS friends for the GNPS holiday social and annual business meeting, which will be held Tuesday, November 10, at 7:00 PM in Day Hall at the Atlanta Botanical Garden. This is what we plan to do: Meet the candidates and elect the new board of directors for 2010. Vote on Plant of the Year for 2010. Learn something new at one (or more) of our learning stations. Bring a side dish to share with others (more on this later through the GNPS listserv). Socialize and share holiday cheer (not in the beverages, please no alcohol) with our friends and think of spring. Raffle off an exciting selection of prizes. We hope you will come and join us for a good time as we head into the holiday season. And please think about carpooling! You‘ll save money on parking and enjoy company on the ride.

November 15 at 2:00 PM: Workshop on Winter Twig Identification Learn more about how to identify woody plants in the winter using twig characteristics. Ron Lance will be your instructor for this 3 hour workshop. Ron is the author of ―Woody Plants of the Southeastern United States: A Winter Guide‖ and currently is a senior naturalist at Balsam Mountain Preserve in Sylva, NC. The workshop will consist of some classroom time and some time outdoors, so appropriate clothing based on the weather will be required. Participation is limited to 25 attendees. The workshop will be from 2 pm to 5 pm on Sunday, November 15 th at Dunwoody Nature Center. Light refreshments will be provided. The fee for this workshop is $15. To reserve your spot, please send an email to

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NativeSCAPE October 2009
Upcoming GNPS Events
February 13, 2010: GNPS Symposium The Georgia Native Plant Society‘s 15th symposium is approaching! It will be held on Saturday, February 13, 2010 at the North Metro campus of Chattahoochee Tech in Acworth, GA. A brochure about the symposium will be mailed to all GNPS members in early November, and details will also be available on the GNPS website. Speakers include the following: Dan Long (nursery owner) on ―Native Vines‖ Tom Patrick (botanist) on ―Georgia Trilliums‖ George Kish (Hydrologist with U.S. Geological Survey) on ―Climate Change and Plant Phenology in the Southeastern United States‖ Gil Nelson (botanist and author) on ―Native Hollies of the Southeast‖ Rick Lewandowski (director of Mt. Cuba Center) on ―Nurturing Gardens Inspired by Nature‖ If you are interested in assisting with the event, contact symposium chairperson Ellen Honeycutt at April 24, 2010 Mark Your CalendarsWe have a date for the 2010 GNPS Spring Plant Sale! When? Saturday, April 24 with set-up Friday, April 23

Where? McFarlane Nature Park 280 Farm Road SE Marietta, GA 30067 Fall is here with cooler temperatures...perfect weather for joining a rescue! (Also a perfect time to begin donating some of those rescued natives for our spring sale.) Thank you! Sheri George Spring Plant Sale Chair


NativeSCAPE October 2009
The Certificate in Native Plants Program
By Julie Newell

The Certificate in Native Plants program was created in 2007. It is sponsored by the State Botanical Garden of Georgia in cooperation with the Georgia Plant Conservation Alliance. The program ―offers committed individuals a comprehensive series of short courses in identification, cultivation, propagation, ecology and conservation of native Georgia plants. With an emphasis on participatory learning, the short courses are designed to provide a supportive and challenging learning atmosphere. Participants will gain a greater appreciation and understanding of native plants in a broad context.‖ Completion of the Certificate requires four 8-hour core courses, six 4-hour electives, two field trips, and sixteen hours of volunteer work for a total of 80 hours. The first ―class‖ graduated at the Garden‘s Native Plant Symposium in January 2009. GNPS was well represented among that first class of 8, and will certainly be well represented among the Class of 2010. Approximately 30 program participants are expected to receive their certificates of completion at the 2010 Native Plant Symposium at the State Botanical Garden on January 20th. The program is very flexible. Two core courses and several electives are offered each quarter, and most classes are on Saturdays. There is no requirement that the program be completed within a given timeframe. It can be completed within a year, but many (if not most) participants will take longer than that—enrolling in courses as interest and other demands on their schedules allow. There are currently about 120 people registered in the program. (The one-time certificate registration fee is $30.) Core courses are $100 or $90 for members of the garden. Electives are $45 or $40 for members. The four core courses, each taught in one 8-hour day, are: Basic Botany, Natural History of Georgia Plants, Plant Taxonomy and Basic Field Botany, and Plant Conservation: Protecting Botanical Diversity. Electives, each taught in a single half-day, focus on everything from Spring Wildflowers of the Granite Rock Outcrops to grasses (warm season or cool season) to ferns and mosses to tree identification. There are also electives on photography, plant families of Georgia, propagating plants from seeds, and botanical names—and many more as well.

Okay, so that‘s the official ―scoop.‖ What I really want to tell you is just how rich these courses are—and how much fun! Every course includes hands-on learning— usually out on the paths and among the plants of the Garden. Class size is about 20, and there‘s ample opportunity to make new friends and run into old friends as well. The instructors all have strong academic and hands-on backgrounds and come well prepared, but the lectures are informal enough that questions are always welcome and encouraged. Ann Shenk, the Director of Education, and Cora Kerber, the Education Coordinator, at the State Botanical Garden are the icing on the cake. Unfailingly friendly and helpful, they make it clear that every participant is valued. And when the inevitable questions and even glitches arise, they respond promptly and helpfully. I stumbled across this program by accident in late December of last year. By December of this year I will be one core course and maybe some volunteer hours short of my certificate. But it long ago stopped being about ―finishing the program‖—I drive two hours each way and sign up for every class I possibly can because Elaine Nash (gray hat) leads the CoolI‘ve found I really love Season Grasses elective course. Photo: Julie Newell these courses, the personal interactions, and what I‘m gaining both in specific information and in perspective. Some might call it ―enrichment‖ or ―intellectual stimulation.‖ I just call it ―brain candy,‖ and there‘s plenty of it to be had in this program!


Certificate web page: Course schedule information:


Georgia Native Plant Society Membership Renewal
Memberships are effective for one calendar year, beginning January 1st. Submit renewals by March 31st to avoid cancellation.

Choose membership level: (Select one) ___Individual/Family ($20) ___Full-Time Student ($15) ___Lifetime Individual/Family ($250) ___Senior, 55 and older ($15) ___Corporate/Commercial/Educational ($50)

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___Check here if in addition to my membership renewal, I have included ______ to be distributed as follows: ___Education ___Jeane Reeves Memoral Grants and Scholarship Program Total Enclosed: ____________ ___Conservation/Propagation/Restoration ___Unrestricted Check # _______________

Trade Name (if applicable): ______________________________________________________________________ First Name: ______________________ Middle Initial: ____ Last Name: _________________________________ If Family: Second Name: ___________________ Middle Initial: ____ Last Name: _________________________________ Third Name: _____________________ Middle Initial: ____ Last Name: _________________________________ Address: ______________________________________________________________________________________ Home Phone: ___________________________________ Work Phone: __________________________________ Email Address: _________________________________________________________________________________ (Email address is required if you wish to receive the Listserv and/or Electronic Newsletter.)

___ Check here if you prefer NOT to receive emails from our list server which contain information about meetings, plant rescues, work parties and other items of interest to the membership.

The full-color newsletter will be sent electronically. If you require a print version, which will be black and white, check here: ___