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1511/1 Sains Kertas 1

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN
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PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI SAINS SPM 2011 KOLEKSI SOALAN SEBENAR SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA ( 2003 – 2010 ) PAPER 1 / Kertas 1

CHAPTER 9: MICROORGANISMS AND THEIR EFFECT ON LIVING THINGS

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 10 halaman bercetak

1511/1 @ 2011 Hak Cipta JPNWP

[Lihat sebelah SULIT

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2003 Which is the smallest micro-organism? Mikroorganisma yang manakah paling seni? A. B. C. D. Algae [Alga] Virus [Virus] Fungi [Kulat] Bacteria [Bakteria]

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The figure shows an experiment to study the growth of bacteria at room temperature. Rajah menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji pertumbuhan bakteria pada suhu bilik

In this experiment, the factor to be studied is Dalam eksperimen ini, faktor yang dikaji ialah A. B. C. D. 3 pH [pH] light [cahaya] nutrient [nutrien] temperature [suhu]

Which disease is spread by houseflies? Apakah penyakit yang disebarkan oleh lalat? A. B. C. D. Dengue [Denggi] Cholera [Taun] Malaria [Malaria] Hepatitis B [Hepatitis B]

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Which is an effective method to prevent ringworm? Apakah cara yang sesuai untuk mencegah penyakit kurap? A. B. C. D. Injection [Suntikan] Sterilizatio [Pensterilan] Vector control [Kawalan vector] Personal hygiene [Kebersihan diri]

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Which disease cannot be prevented by vaccination? Apakah penyakit yang tidak boleh dicegah melalui pemvaksinan? A. B. C. D. Rubella [Rubela] Tetanus [Kancing gigi] Malaria [Malaria] Hepatitis B [Hepatitis B]

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2004 The diagram shows microorganisms P, Q, R and S. Rajah menunjukkan mikroorganisma P,Q,R dan S.

Which of the following classifications are correct? Antara berikut manakah pengelasan yang betul? Bacteria Bakteria A. B. C. D. 7 P and S P and R R and Q Q and S Protozoa Protozoa R and Q Q and S P and S P and R

The diagram shows the reproduction of a microorganisms Rajah menunjukkan proses pembiakan satu mikroorganisma.

What is the method of this reproduction? Apakah cara pembiakan ini? A. B. C. D. Budding [Pertunasan] Binary fission [Belahan dedua] Conjugation [Konjugasi] Spore formation Pembentukan spora]

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What is the optimum temperature for bacterial activity? Apakah suhu optima bagi aktiviti bacteria? A. 5oC B. 25oC C. 37oC D. 60oC

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Which of the following causes venereal disease? Antara berikut yang manakah menyebabkan penyakit kelamin? A. B. C. D. Virus [Virus] Fungus [Kulat] Bacteria [Bakteria] Protozoa [Protozoa]

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2005 The diagram shows a type of microorganism Rajah menunjukkan sejenis mikroorganisma.

What is the microorganism? Apakah mikroorganisma tersebut? A. B. C. D. 11 Yeast [Yis] Mucor [Mukor] Euglena [Euglena] Paramecium [Paramesium]

The diagram shows two types of food. Rajah menunjukkan dua jenis bahan makanan.

Which of the following microorganisms is used to produce the food? Antara mikroorganisma berikut yang manakah digunakan untuk menghasilkan makanan itu? A. B. C. D. Yeast [Yis] Algae [Alga] Bacteria [Bakteria] Protozoa [Protozoa]

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The diagram shows an example of a vector. Rajah menunjukkan contoh sejenis vektor

The disease spread by the vector is Penyakit yang disebarkan oleh vektor itu adalah A. B. C. D. 13 Tuberculosis [Batuk Kering] Cholera [Taun] Mumps [Beguk] Malaria [Malaria]

Penicillin is an Penisilin adalah sejenis A. B. C. D. antigen [antigen] antiseptic [antiseptik] antitoxin [antitoksin] antibiotic [antibiotik]

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2006 The following information shows the classification of microorganisms. Maklumat berikut menunjukkan pengelasan mikroorganisma

What is microorganism X? Apakah mikroorganisma X? A. B. C. D. Algae [Alga] Virus [Virus] Bacteria [Bakteria] Protozoa [Protozoa]

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What is the optimum temperature for the growth of bacteria that can cause diseases? Apakah suhu optima untuk pertumbuhan bakteria yang boleh menyebabkan penyakit?

A. B. C. D.
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0oC 5oC 37oC 60oC

The microorganism which helps the digestion of cellulose in herbivores is Mikroorganisma yang membantu proses pencernaan selulosa bagi herbivor ialah A. B. C. D. Algae [Alga] Fungi [Kulat] Virus [Virus] Bacteria [Bakteria]

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Which of the following disease is cause by bacteria? Antara penyakit berikut yang manakah disebabkan oleh bakteria? A. AIDS [AIDS] B. Dengue [Denggi] C. Malaria [Malaria] D. Tuberculosis [Batuk kering]

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An individual can acquire artificial passive immunity after A. B. C. D. drinking mother’s milk being injected with vaccine recovering from the illness being injected with antiserum

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2007 Diagram 13 is a graph showing the relationship between the number of bacteria colonies and temperature. [Rajah 13 ialah graf yang menunjukkan hubungan antara bilangan koloni bakteria dan suhu.]

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What is the optimum temperature for the growth of the bacteria? [Berapakah suhu optima bagi pertumbuhan bakteria itu?]

A. B. C. D.

0oC 30oC 35oC 60oC

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2008 Which microorganism reproduces through spore formation? [Mikroorganisma yang manakah membiak melalui pembentukan spora?] A. B. C. D. Virus Fungi Algae Yeast

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What is the optimum temperature for the growth of bacteria that cause human disease? [Apakah suhu optimum bagi pertumbuhan bakteria yang menyebabkan penyakit pada manusia?

A. B. C. D.
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0oC 25oC 37oC 60oC

Aminah wants to make soft bread? Which microorganism is used? [Aminah ingin membuat roti yang lembut. Mikroorganisma manakah yang digunakan?] A. B. C. D. Mucor Yeast Algae Protozoa

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A boy and his family have the following symptoms. [Seorang budak lelaki dan keluarganya mempunyai gejala-gejala berikut] • • White spots on the skin [Tompok putih pada kulit Spots appear on the face, neck and arms [Tompok kelihatan pada muka, leher dan lengan

Which of the following can spread this disease? [Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh menyebarkan penyakit ini?]

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A. B. C. D. 24

Through mosquito bites Eating uncovered food Drinking unboiled water Sharing towels or clothes

Diagram 9 shows a vector which carries an infectious disease. [Rajah 9 menunjukkan satu vector yang membawa sejenis penyakit berjangkit.]

Which method is used to control the reproduction of the vector? [Kaedah yang manakah digunakan untuk mengawal pembiakan vektor itu?] A. Dispose of garbage in covered garbage bins [Membuang sampah ke dalam tong sampah yang bertutup] B. Cover the surface of ponds with oil [Selaputi permukaan kolam dengan minyak] C. Sleep under a mosquito net [Tidur di dalam kelambu] D. Rear guppy fish [Membela ikan gapi] 2009 Which microorganisms is an algae? 25
Mikroorganisma yang manakah adalah alga?

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Diagram 11 shows an insect which can spread the pathogen of the disease?
Rajah 11 menunjukkan sejenis serangga yang boleh menyebabkan patogen sejenis penyakit.

What is the disease?
Apakah penyakit itu?

A AIDS AIDS C Malaria Malaria 27

B Cholera Taun D Hepatitis B Hepatitis B

An outbreak of dengue fever has occurred in a village. What action can be taken to control the outbreak?
Wabak demam denggi telah berlaku di sebuah kampung.Apakah tindakan yang boleh diambil untuk mengawal wabak tersebut?

A Cover the food
Tutup makanan

B Clear out stagnant water
Hapuskan air bertakung

C Avoid contact with the patients
Elak bersentuhan dengan pesakit najis

D Have an efficient sanitary system
Mewujudkan sistem pembuangan yang efisyen

2010 28 Which diagram shows an algae?
Rajah manakah yang menunjukkan alga?

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Table 2 shows the result of an experiment to study the effect of temperature on the growh of bacteria.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan suhu ke atas pertumbuhan bakteria.

Temperature (oC)
Suhu (oC)

Size of bacteria colony after 24 hours (mm)
Saiz koloni bakteria selepas 24 jam (mm)

5 15 25 35 60 Table 2
Jadual 2

2 5 8 11 3

What is the most suitable temperature for the growth of bacteria?
Apakah suhu yang paling sesuai bagi pertumbuhan bakteria?

A 5 oC C 35 oC

B 15 oC D 60 °C

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Which microorganisms can be used to make a vaccine?
Mikroorganisma manakah yang boleh digunakan untuk membuat vaksin?

A Algae
Alga

B Virus
Virus

C Fungi
Kulat

D Protozoa
Protozoa

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