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COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services

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ANSI@ C50.13-1977 American National Standard for Rotating Electrical Machinery - Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators Secretariat National Electrical Manufacturers Association Approved January 23.13-1989 Revision of ANSI C50.1989 American National Standards Institute. Inc COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .

or withdraw this standard. The American National Standards Institute does not develop standards and will in no circumstances give an interpretation of any American National Standard. their existence does not in any respect preclude anyone. from manufacturing. processes. consensus.A N S I C50.Purchasers of American National Standardsmay receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Consensus requires that all views and objections beconsidered.Moreover. or using products. National Standard Consensus is established when. NewYork 10018 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form. but not necessarily unanimity. Substantial agreement means much more than asimple majority. Requests for interpretations should be addressed to the secretariat or sponsor whose name appears on the title page of this standard. in the judgment of theANSI Board of Standards Review. and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution. in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise. marketing.13 87 0 7 2 i 1 5 0 OOOb1838 3 E ’ an requires verification by ANSI American Approval of for American National Standardother criteria forapproval havethat the re-by quirements due process. whether he has approved the standards or not. substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. no person shall have theright or authority toissue an interpretation ofan American National Standard in the name-of theAmerican National Standards Institute. or procedures not conforming to the standards. purchasing. Printed in the United Statesof America AlM889115 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . revise. and been met the standards developer. Published by American National Standards Institute 1430 Broadway. The procedures the American National Standards Institute require that of action be taken periodically to reaffirm. The use of American National Standardsis completely voluntary. New York.

................ DC 20037... Brotherton Joseph P.... Blakney Reagan Clark Individual Members Lome W.. This standardwas processed and approved for submittal to ANSI by Accredited Standards Committee on Rotating Electrical Machinery.. Shea J............. McCown James A..... . ............. Washington.......... At the time it approved this standard..... B.... Houk . H.... Stiffler John Krueger Robert A............. It is the intent of the Accredited Standards Committee on RotatingElectrical Machinery............. Soffrin (Alt) Demitrious M.. Nippes Joseph E............. Fifzgerald Bjorn M........ The major change in the 1989 version of this standard is the additionof a subsection dealing with the possible effects of system disturbances on generatorcomponents. White Perry A. Raba. FactoryMutualSystems Hydraulic Institute Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ... ... C...................... Oliver Nirmal K...... ............. C............... E. David L. Karydas Robert G.... Secretary Organization Represented American Petroleum Institute Association of Iron and Steel Engineers Chemical Manufacturers Association Crane Manufacturers Association of America Electrical Apparatus Service Association Electric Light and Power Group ...... ... Committee approval of the standarddoes not necessarily imply that all committee members voted for its approval......... Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Associationof the Pulp and Paper Industry U S .... Wilson A... Martin Dale Rawlings Walter G............... Swavel. S.......... L. Kuznefsov (Chair) Brian E. Koepfinger (Alt) David E... D. Stanley C..... Ghai (Alt) Charles J.... 2101 L Street.... Azbill ........................... Suggestions for improvement of this standard will be welcome. B... Roby John S... J r Glen H............ Richardson Harold J.... Giles Preben Christensen (Alt) Joseph J.......... James Erickson ........... Crawford National Electrical ContractorsAssociation National Electrical Manufacturers Association .Foreword (This Foreword is not part of American National StandardC50..... to revise and update this standard at regular intervals.... .... Weyant COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services t ... theC50 Committee had the following members: Paul I.13-1989.ANSI C50. Department of the Navy .......... NW. C50... Gebhart (Chair) Name o Representative f ..They shouldbe sent to the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Gerald Schmid ... Wilkes (Chair) D. Landrieu William R....... C.........) This standard is a revision of American National Standard Requirements for Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators......... Kaupang Paul 1...13-1977... Chair James D........... Hart Sohn Keinz (Chair) Joseph E...... Loberg Arnold R. Hesse Peter R.... C50.. Suite 300.. Griffin (Alt) J............. Gott M. Nippes.

Gott Glen H. Oliver Arnold R. which developed this standard. Griffin Howard E. Goetz Brian E. Fitzgerald Nirmal K. Mayher William R. I11 Peter B.1 on Synchronous Machines. Gibney. Weyant COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services ." ~072Lt350 0004bYO A N S I C 5 0 . Ghai James J. Michalec James A. McCown James R. Wilkes. Roby Perry A. M. Landrieu J.L 3 87 L Subcommittee C50. B. Chair James Raba. Czech Joseph P. had the following members: Joseph J. Jordan P. Secretary Charles J. R.

..1 Stator Types ..... 8 10 13 13 ......... 3..................................... 6 8 8 9 7 ........................ Classification .............. Overspeed ...................................... Cylindrical-Rotor Generators in Degrees Celsius............... ................................................ COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services ................. 9.................... 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 .......................................................................................................................................... Requirements for Abnormal Conditions ................... 11 Test .......................................................................... 4.......3 Rotor Short-Time Thermal Requirements for Unbalanced Faults 7............................................................................................ 7..........2VariationfromRatedHydrogenPressure .............................................................................. 13..............1 Outputrating ... Nameplate Marking......................................2ResidualComponent ....... 5 .... 3...2 Field Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements ................................................. ............................. 7............1 Armature Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements . 2 4 Referenced American National Standards ........................................................................................................1Balanced ...................................................................................3 Voltage Ratings ............... Performance Specification Forms.................... Direction of Rotation .....................................................................................................................................................................................4Other ...............................................2 Capability .......................................... 7.................... 5......................................... 12 12 .................... Cylindrical-RotorGenerators Table 2 Limiting Observable Temperature and Temperature of Rise Hydrogen......... .......................................................................................................................................................................................1 VariationfromRatedVoltage 4............ 5........... ...................... 8 Efficiency ............................................ Rating .. 7................... Usual Service Conditions ...........Weighting Factors Table 4 Tests on Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators ..........................3VariationfromRatedFrequency ........................................ 5.......................................................................... 10..........................................2 Hydrogen-Cooled Machines ..................... 10........................................ Telephone Influence Factor.................................................................................................................................................................................... Table 3 1960 Single-Frequency TF...... 12......................................4MechanicalRequirementsforShortCircuits ...........................................5ContinuousUnbalanceRequirements ............................ 6.....................1 Air-Cooled Machines ................ 3....................................... .. Tables Table 1 Limiting Observable Temperature Riseof Air.............= 3 A N S I C50................................ 14..................................................................................... 9 9 9 ........................................................... 6.... 7......Cooled....................................................................................33 8 9 W 072Ll350 0004643 3 Contents SECI'ION PAGE 1 scope ......................................................................................................................................................2 Rotor Types ..................................3SingleFrequency ...............................................................6RequirementsforSystemDisturbances ............ 4....................................... Temperature Rise ............................................... 10............................................Cooled................. 10............. 9 11 11 11 ........................... 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 10......

....... Hydrogen-Cooled...... 14 Figure 2 Performance Specification Form for Steam-Turbine-Driven........... 15 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services ........ HydraulicTurbine-Driven..and Motor-Driven...... Air-Cooled........ Cylindrical-Rotor SynchronousGenerators ............................SECTION PAGE Figures Figure 1 Performance Specification Form for Steam-Turbine-Driven.............. Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators...

1 Variation from Rated Voltage. Rating 5. The capabilities at hydrogen pressures other than rated pressure shall be determined such that the hottest-spot temperature of the winding that is limiting at the-specified capability is essentially the same as that at rating: 4. 4. and observable temperature rises shall be based only on rated hyd- 3. Generators shall operate successfully at ratedkilovolt-amperes (kVA) frequency. frequency. but not necessarily in accordance with the standards of performance established for operation at rated voltage. Scope The requirements in this standard apply to 60-hertz cylindrical-rotor synchronous generators. Usual Service Conditions The usual service conditions uponwhich the requirements for cylindrical-rotor synchronous generators are based are given in ANSI C50.10-1977. The outputrating of hydrogen-cooled generators shall be at the maximum hydrogen pressure imposed on the generator enclosure. specified temperatures. the following requirements shall be met. voltage. either directly or indirectly. 7 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .3 Variation from Rated Frequency.101977. General Requirements for Synchronous Machines ANSI C50. and power factor at any voltage not more than 5 percent above or below rated voltage.1 Output Rating. The output rating. 4. Referenced American National Standards This standardis intended for use in conjunction with the following American National Standards. Requirements for Combustion Gas Turbine Driven Synchronous Generators ANSIIIEEE 115-1983. Capabilities at hydrogen pressures other than rated pressure shall be available from the manufacturer.' The type of rotor is defined by the method of field winding cooling.2 Variation from Rated Hydrogen Pressure. All requirements and definitions. [Refer to ANSI C50. the revision shall apply: ANSI C50.10-1977.1 Stator Types.' The typeof stator is defined by the method of armature winding cooling. The outputrating shall be expressed in kilovolt-amperes available at the terminals at a specified speed. Inc. and power factor. 2. In addition to these usual service conditions.American National Standard for Rotating Electrical Machinery - Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators 1. shall be accorin dance with ANSI C50. Test Procedures for Synchronous Machines 4. Classification A cylindrical-rotor synchronous generatoris classified by one of the stator and one of the rotor types.10-1977 for definitions. either directly or indirectly. except those covered in ANSI C50. Capabilities at frequencies other than rated frequency shall be available from the manufacturer. except as specifically covered in this standard. When these referenced standards aresuperseded by a revision approved by the American National Standards Institute. 3. 5.14-1977.2 Rotor Types. 3.14-1977 (R1989).

3. direct-connected with gage) (2) For directly cooled generators: 30. that is. i 8 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .250.13-1989 Table 1 Limiting Observable Temperature Rise of &-Cooled. 60. rogen pressure.3. Temperature Rise I 6. 500. The capability of a synchronous generator is the highest acceptable continuous loading (kVA) through the full range of power factor at a specified condition. 625. Cylindrical-Rotor Generators Method of Temperature Temperature Rise Determination resistance 125 105 embedded detector* embedded detector* 135 110 embedded detector* embedded detector* resistance 125 detector or thermometer thermometer 85 85 105 Item (1) Machine Part Armature winding (a) below 10 O00 kVA 1563 (b) kVA and less (c) 1564 kVA to 10 O00 kVA ( 1 ) 7000 V and less (2) over 7000 V O00 kVA and above 10 (d) Field winding Cores and mechanical parts in contact with or adjacent to insulation Collector rings ClassB 80 90 85 80 125 70t ClassF ("C) ClassH 140 115 105 90t 90 ll0t 110 (2) (3) 85 70 (4 1 85 (5) Miscellaneous parts (such as brushholders. collector rings. shall not exceed the values given in Table 1 when the machine is operated at output rating conditions. etc) may attain such temperatures as will not injure the machine in any respect ~~ ~ *Embedded detectors are located within the slot of the machine and can be either resistance elements or thermocouples. the cold air temperature is the average temperature of the external air as it enters the ventilating openings of the machine.45. and 750 direct voltage.125. The cold air temperature at rating.2 Capability. For open machines and for parts of enclosed machines that are cooled by open ventilation passages. Embedded detector temperatures shall be used to demonstrate conformity with the standard for generators so equipped. the cold air temperature is the average temperature of the air leaving the cooler or coolers. The temperature rises in Table 1 are based on a maximum cold air temperature of 40"C . Generator voltages above 13 800 volts are desirable in large-capacity generators that usually are connected directly to their own step-up transformers. +These values are f o r insulation systems with thermosetting materials. Class F and Class H do not apply. The observable tempera- *These ratings are recognized for use on established systems.375. The preferred excitation system voltage ratings for field ture rise of each of the various parts of the machine above the temperature of the cooling air. when the coolers are supplied with I o .3 Voltage Ratings 5. Armature voltage ratings shall be: 240 * 480 600" 2 400* 4 160 4 goo* 6 900* 13 800 6. 5. For totally enclosed machines.brushes.2 Excitation System Voltage Ratings.5. For thermoplastic materials the equivalent temperatures shall be 6OoC for Class B. 5.1 Armature.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD C50. referred to as the cold air temperature. but not preferred for new undertakings.1 Air-Cooled Machines. These excitation system voltages do not apply to generators of the brushless : ! 5. or 75 psig windings are 62. The preferred maximum hydrogen pressures are: ( I ) For indirectly cooled generators: 30 psig (pounds per square inch type exciters.

AMERICANNATIONALSTANDARD C50.3 Rotor Short-Time Thermal Requirements for Unbalanced Faults. 2 7. shall not exceed the values given in Table 2. Requirements for Abnormal Conditions 7. 2s checked by test at low altirated load values under these conditions and therefore. 2 330 feet (100 meters) of altitude inexcess of 3300 feet (1000 meters). 7. The generator unbalanced fault capability expressed in terms of I2t applies for times up to 120 seconds. Temperatures shall be determined by the methods specified in Table 2. The relationship between hottest-spot temperature and the temperatures as specified in Table 2. when tested in accordance with the rating. will be by direct measurement or recognized methods of Time 10 30 60 120 calculation correlated to special factory tests on a (seconds) Voltage Field (percent) 208 146 112 125 basically similar machine. it is intended that the hottest-spot temperof operating at a field voltage of 125 percent of ature should not exceed 130°C for Class B. will be barometric pressure and are designed not to exceed 60 120 10 30 Time (seconds) standard temperature rise at altitudes from 3300 226 154 130 116 Armature current (percent) feet (1000 meters) to 13 O00 feet (4000 meters). therefore. The cold coolant temperatureshall not exceed the appropriate value for the rated hydrogen pressure as listed in Table 2. h 2 t in the preceding table is the integrated product of the squareof the generatornegative-phasesequence current (Tz). for the armatureand field windings. 155OC rated-load field voltage for at least 1 minute startfor Class F. the tude.13-1989 NOTES: water of the rated amount and temperature. expressed in per unit stator current at rated kilovolt-amperes and duration of the fault in seconds (t). (2) It is recognized that field winding temperatures under these conditions will exceed rated-load values and. the (2) It is recognized that armature temperatureswill exceed temperature rises. shall be demonstrable by direct measurement or recognized methods of calculation correlated to special factory tests on a basically similar machine.The generator rotorshall be capable of withstanding.1. based on a constant increment of heat storage andnegligible heat dissipation.~ COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .1 Armature Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements. The temperature of the cold coolant shall be the average temperature of the coolant leaving the coolers when tested in accordance with the rating. and 18OOC for Class H insulation ing from stabilized temperatures at rated systems. the machine construction is based upon the assumption that the number of such operationsat fiekd voltages to the limits specified in Note(1) will occur not more than times per year. unbalanced short circuits or other unbalanced conditions on the system or at the armature terminals resulting in values of h 2 t as listed in the following table: Type of Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generator Terms cooled to Indirectly Directly cooled MVA 800 up 800 MVA to 1600 MVA Minimum Generator Short-Time Capability Expressed in of Z?r* 30 10 lO-(O.2. shall be less than those listed in Table 1 by 1 machine construction is based upon the assumption that the number of such operations at armature currents to the limits percent of the specified temperature rise for each specified in Note (1) will occur not more than times per year. based upon the same increment heat storage as of For machines that operate under prevailing defined in7. conditions. without injury. 9 ~~ ~ . 6. the temperatures as specified in Table 1 for the based upon the sameincrement of heat storageas defined in armature and field windings shall be demonstrable 7. The generator armature shalI be capable of operating at 130 percent of rated armature current for atleast 1 minute starting from stabilized temperatures at rated conditions. the relationship between hottest-spot temperature and NOTES: (I) The permissible field voltagesat times up to 120 seconds. The generator field winding shall be capable Table 1. The observable temperature rise of each of the various parts of the machine above the average temperature of the cold coolant.00625)(MVA-800) *See note in this subsection.2 Hydrogen-Cooled Machines. 7. For machines of 10 O00 kVA and above.is usu(1) The permissible armature currents at times up to 120 ally specified as40°C. The hottest-spot temperature shall not exceed 130" C for Class B insulation systems.2 Field Winding Short-Time Thermal RequireWhen designing to meet the temperature rises of ments. seconds.

at themanufacturers' option. structurai members.13-1989 Table 2 Limiting Observable Temperature and Temperature Rise of Hydrogen-Cooled.2. and the rotor surface may operated a t temperatures that are be considered safe for theparticular metals used. providing these parts do not appreciably influence the temperature of insulating material either by conduction or radiation *Because of the large thermal gradient between hottest spot and observed temperatures of large high-voltage generators and because of mechanical considerations of thermal expansion. it is often desirable t o design for lower temperatures than shown in Table 2 on large or high-voltage machines or machines intended for operation with highly variable loads. **These values are for insulation systems with thermosetting materials. * * The 0 Refer to 6. amortisseur windings. tHydrogen-cooled generators that operate under controlled pressure do not require a correction for temperature rise a t altitude if the pressure of the cooling medium is maintained at the absolute pressure corresponding to the rated value.60. so long as compensating adjustments are made the rise o the respective parts so that the sum of the cold coolant temperature and in f respective part rise does not exceed (1) 100°C for liquid-cooled and llO°C for gas-cooled armature windings listed in Items (2) and (4) (2) ll0'C for gas-cooled field windings listed in Item (3) temperaturerise of the coolant at the outlet of the hottest coil shall beconsidered the observable temperature rise of conductor-cooledarmature winding.45. *Cold coolant temperatures may be provided within the range of46'C t o 5OoC.§ 65-60*3§ contact with or adjacent to armature winding insulationt Temperature rise of collector rings detector 64 detector 85-80s 85-805 brushes and brushholders (6) thermometer 85 thermometer 85 Other metal parts such asshielding devices in the end region. 75 psig) Method of Class B**? of Coolant Determination Liquid Gas detector coolant** 45-50* 45-50* 55-50**§65-60*.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDC50.** (3) resistance 795 745 resistance resistance 65-60*.$ Determination 46 Item (11 (2) Machine Part Temperature of detector coolant cold Temperature rise of armature winding Temperature rise of field winding (a) Generators below 100 O00 kVA (b) Generators 100 O00 kVA resistance above and Temperature rise of core and mechanical parts in Directly Cooled Windings (rated at 30.§ embedded detector 54 5 .Cylindrical-RotorGenerators in Degrees Celsius Indirectly Cooled Windings (rated a t 30 psig) Method of Type Temperature Class B*. COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . r t T h e values shown for Item 4 are limiting regardless of the operating power factor.

t and 200 percent of these values may suffer varying degrees of damage. serious damage may be expected. without mechanical injury. refer to IEEE Screening Guide for Planned Steady-State Switching Operationsto Minimize Harmful Effects on Steam Turbine-Generators (IEEE F80 202-2) and IEEE Working Group Interim Report on the Effects of Switching Network Disturbances on Turbine-Generator Shaft Systems (IEEE 82WM081-8). if a unit rectifier is used. end windings.13-1989 In the above criteria. network switching. 7. including the decaying effects of: (1) Field current. the criteria for no injury is that the windings can satisfactorily withstand a normal m a h tenance high-potential test. The generatorshall be capable of withstanding.10-1977for definifion of losses. shall include the exciter. in percent of the stator current corresponding to thereduced capability. and other components. without injury. 8. Permissible 12 (percent) of Generator Type Cylindricalrotor indirectly cooled directly cooled to 960 MVA 961 to 1200 MVA 1201 to 1500 MVA 9. System disturbances. may have a 2For example. any type of short circuit at its terminals for times not exceeding short-time thermal requirements. 10. Negative-phase-sequence current is expressed in percent of rated stator current. faulty synchronizing. such as electrical faults. (2) Core loss.5 Continuous Unbalance Requirements. NOTE: In the case of stator windings. without injury. are not included in this standard due to themany combinations of circumstances possible.1 Balanced. 'Refer to ANSI C50.5.AMERICANNATIONAL STANDARD C50. 7. Telephone Influence Factor 10. for faults in excess of 200 percent of these limits.6 Requirements forSystem Disturbances. The balanced telephone influence factor (TIF) of synchronous generators. if required by specifications.20 percent.3. Include motor loss if unit motor-generator exciter set is used.include the loss of the rectifier and rectifier transformer. providing the rated kVA is not exceeded and the maximum current does not exceed 105 percent of rated current in any phase. (3) Stray load loss. beyond those included in 7. There shall also be no visible abnormal deformation or damage to the winding coils and connections. and associated devices comprising the excitation for a particularsynchronous machine. (4) Excitation system losses. where protection is provided by causing field current reduction.l through 7. when operating at rated kilovolt-amperes and power factor and 5 percent overvoltage. and other abnormalities. detrimental effect o n turbine-generator shafts. such as with an exciter field breaker or equivalent (2) Direct-current component of the stator current N O T E Generators subjected to faults between the preceding values of Z. subsynchronous resonance. Generator requirements that apply to these abnormalities.5to 300 to 700 to 5000 to 20000 to 100000 and 299 699 4 999 19 999 99 999 above 350 250 150 100 70 40 7. voltage regulator. provided the maximum phase current is limited by external means to a value that does not exceed the maximum phase current obtained from thethree-phase fault. shall not exceed the following values: RatinE kVA of Machine Balanced 10 8 6 5 TIF These values also express the negative phase sequence current capability at reduced generator kilovolt-ampere capabilities. an overspeed of .4 Mechanical Requirements for Short Circuits. There areseveral IEEEWorking Group publications* that should assist the user to determine whether unique requirements should be established for a specific new equipment application or analyses made of an existing equipment application. 62. the generator shall be capable of withstanding the thermal effect of unbalanced faults at themachine terminals. Overspeed Cylindrical-rotor generators shall be so constructed that they will withstand. based on the weighting factors given in 10. 11 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . Efficiency The following losses shall be included in determining efficiency? (1) Z2R losses of armature and field winding. the effects of a continuous currentunbalance corresponding to a negative-phase-sequence current of the following values. (5) Friction and windage loss.A generator shall be capable of withstanding.

pp 659-664. in adopting the 1960 weighting in this revision of ANSI C50. (2) For hydrogen-cooled machines.3 Single Frequency.1-1955' have caused inductive coordination problems. Tests The tests specified in Table 4 shall be conducted in accordance with ANSIDEEE 115-1983 and ANSI C50. Ball and C. hydrogen-cooled synchronous generators.10-1977." Engineering Reports of the Joint Subcommittee on Development and Research. Nameplate Marking A nameplate having the following minimum information shall be provided: manufacturers's name. COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . and motor-driven. The Telephone M u e n c e Factor of Supply System Voltages and Currents. The following information at rating shall be supplied: (1) Voltage (2) Output kilovolt-amperes (3) Revolutions per minute (4) Armature amperes (5) Frequency (6) Temperature rise of armature (7) Temperature rise of field (8) Number of phases (9) Power factor (10) Excitation voltage (1 1) Excitation amperes (12) Hydrogen pressure (if hydrogen cooled) NOTES: (I) Direction of rotation should be shown on machine when necessary for correct operation.1-1955. see "Supplement to Engineering Report 33.4 Other. shall not exceed the following: kVA Rating of Machine loooto 999 4 5 o00 to 19 999 20 o00 to 99 999 100 o00 and above Residual TIF 100 12. Special consideration may be necessary where trouble exists or may be anticipated from difficult exposure conditions. the limiting TIF values of lowercapacity machines were increased. Performance Specification Forms Figure 1 shows the forms that shall be used for specifying the performance of steam-turbine-driven. or other suitable identification. The residualcomponent TIF of synchronous generators having voltage ratings 2000 volts and higher. vol 79. see W. "Telephone Influence Factor (TIF) and Its Measurement. Methods of measurement for TIF shall be in accordance with ANSI/IEEE 115-1983. 75 50 13." AIEE Transactions. However. serial number. accuwlated measurements by manufacturers indicate that generator open-circuit TIF measured in accordance with the 1960 weighting averaged higher than with the 1935 weighting. Direction of Rotation The direction of rotation of the generator shall suit the prime mover requirements. 4Later superseded by ANSIINEMA MGI-1978 and NEMA MGI-1987. At the same time. the greatly improved waveshape of modem highcapacity generators is recognized in setting a lower limit of balanced TIF for the larger units. the values shall be given for maximum hydrogen pressures. The single-frequency telephone influence weighting factors (TIFF ) according to the 1960 single-frequency weighting shown are in Table 3. hydraulic-turbine-driven. For further information on methods of measurement of TIF. and Bell System. Edison Electric Institute Publication 6068. NOTES: (1) Although TIF is designed basically as a measure of the influence of current or voltage in a power circuit on parallel telephone circuits. 10. the TIF of open-circuit generator voltage has been used for many years as an approximate index of the influence of generator waveshape. Pt I.2 Residual Component. 30 10. Accordingly.3. based on the weighting factors given in 10. Jan 1961. (2) For information on TIF.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD C50. 'here has been no experience to indicate that generators designed in accordance with ANSI C50.C.K. Edison Electric Institute. ~~ ~ 11. Figure 2 shows the form that shall be used for specifying the performance of steam-turbinedriven. 14. Poarch. aircooled synchronous generators.13-1989 10.

13 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .ANSI C 5 0 . orcopies of a certified test report covering test made on an essentially duplicate generator.3 3 87 W 0 7 2 4 3 5 0 bOb4647 8 AMERICANNATIONAL STANDARD C50.13-1989 Table 3 1960 Single-FrequencyTIFf Weighting Factors ~ ~~ ~~~ Frequency Frequency TIFf 60 1980 180 2100 300 360 420 2340 540 2460 660 2580 720 7 2820 80 2940 900 1000 3000 3180 1020 3300 1080 1140 3540 3660 1260 3900 1380 1440 4020 4260 1500 4380 1620 5000 1740 1800 1860 O. **On all generators furnished with one or more insulated bearings. may be specified. $This test. WFor units less than 10 O 0 0 kVA and l e s than 7000 V. measwement of rotor impedance is not required. readingsof exciter field currentinstead of generator field currentmay be obtained. a field measurement of the bearing insulation resistance is recommended.5 30 225 400 650 1320 2260 2760 3360 4350 5000 5100 5400 5630 6050 6370 6650 6680 6970 7320 7570 TIFf 7820 8330 8830 9080 9330 9840 10 340 10 600 10 210 9820 9670 8740 8090 6730 61 30 4400 3700 27 50 2190 840 2160 2220 c TesC Table 4 Tests on Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators Generators Completely Assembled for Test in Factory Generators Not Completely Assembled in Factory Factory Tests Field Tests Resistance of armature and field windings Dielectric tests of armature andfield windings Voltage balance Phase sequence Mechanical balance Open-circuit saturation curve Overspeed Short-circuit saturationcurve 1 Harmonic analysis and measurement of TIF Heat runs Short-circuit tests at reduced voltage to determine reactance and time constants Measurement of segregated losses Measurement of rotor impedance Measurement of insulation resistance of armature and field windings Measurement of bearing insulation resistance X* X X X Xt X X -0 -0 -0 -0 -P X+* X -* * *An X indicates that testshall be made on each unit. o *On brushless generatots. tA field check of mechanical balance of all generatorsis recommended after installation.

Approximate Operating Data for Cooling System with generator at rated load: Totally enclosed with water coolers Temperature of inlet water coolers. Armature Connections drive Field Winding . rlmin without mechanical injury. (1000 m).Insulation Classes: Armature Winding . etc - (for ventilating air and inch of water.33 87 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD C50.Amortisseur winding is (closed) (open) (not supplied) -Generator cooling (shall) (shall not) include aclosed-circuit air system. Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators (The following data shall be given in accordance with ANSI C50. I kVA I Temoerature Rise Guarantees Rise C Not to Exceed Power I I Wdg by Max Excitation Requirements Gen Excitation Exciter Input Slip-Ring Type Brushless Amp Volts Amp Volts Excit Svstem Nominal Response Ceiling Rafio Volts I I Exciter (1 ) (1) At “Maximum Excitation Requirements” operating level.core loss and strayload loss. Air-Cooled. self-ventilated (no external blower) Volume of cooling cfmair.13-1989. Friction and windage loss (are) (are not) included.) Date Output Rating kVA Power Factor kW Spe? rlmm No of Poles No of Phases Freq Hertz Volts Amperes Type or Frame Description -Type of excitation system . if of unidirectional design or construction. Pressure drop available for external ducts.A N S I C50.Direction of rotation viewing the opposite end the . Rating and temperature rises are based on an ambient temperature 40°C at an altitude not of exceeding 3300 ft Minimum Efficiencies Power Factor kVA kW Load Load Load Efficiencies are determined by including Z losses of armature and field windings at . to “F Volume of cooling water. when required) Enclosed.Maximum speed of generator (and exciter if shaft-driven) is . Reactances (Calc per Unit) Svnch trans Transient Sub xd I 1 I I X”dv x‘di Ib-ft2 I Circuit Ratio I I Approx Weights in Pounds Heaviest Part Total Total for Rotor Net Net Crane Shipping I I I l . filters.13-1989 0724350 0004k50 4 W Figure 1 Performance Specification Form for Steam-Turbine-Driven. COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . 14 ” 7. exciter and field rheostat losses (are) (are not) included. . ’C. Hydraulic-Turbine-Driven. and Motor-Driven. gallons per (gpm) minute bearing oil.

Hydrogen-Cooled.) Output Rating Po wer Factor Speed rlmin No of kVA kW Poles Phases No of Freq Volts Hertz Amperes Type or Frame Description -Type of excitation system . Temperature Rise Guarantees C Rise Not to Exceed Excitation Gen Winding Arm Power Embedded by Resistance Max Excitation Requirements Exciter Input Excit System Slip-Ring Type Brushless I Exciter (1) I I (1) "MaximumExcitation Requirements" operating level. at psig pressure and at an altitude not exceeding 3300 fi (1000m). Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators (The following data shall be given in'accordance with ANSI C50.13-1989.A N S I C50. At ' C Rating and temperature rises shall bein accordance with Table 2 of ANSI (30. gpm OF 15 COPYRIGHT American National Standards Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . (b) Volume of cooling water^.13-1989 I Figure 2 Performance Specification Form for Steam-Turbine-Driven. Efficiencies: Efficiencies the generator are included in the of Reactances (Calc per Approx Unit) Weights in Pounds Heaviest Operating Data (at rated load and hydrogen pressure): (a) Temperature of inlet water to coolers.Amortisseur winding is (closed) (open) (not supplied) -Insulation Classes: Armature Winding Field Winding -Direction o rotation viewing the end f opposite drive the . over-all turbine-generator set efficiencies.13 B9 I0 7 2 4 3 5 0 0 0 0 4 b 5 3 b I AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD C50.13-1989and are based on a temperature of of the cooling gas at theexit from the coolers. Armature Connections if of unidirectional design or construction.