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Edition: 004
,iz itj;jYk;> rpiy tzf;fKk; me;j mwpahikf; fhyj;jpy; kpf
cahpa newpahfg; gpd;gw;wg;gl;lJ. mj;Jld; mtu;fs; jhq;fs; egp
,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; khu;f;fj;ij KOikahf gpd;gw;wp
elg;gjhfTk; vz;zpf;nfhz;ldu;.

mtu;fspilNa rpiytzf;fk; kw;Wk; ,izitj;jy; cUthdjw;fhd


mbg;gil vd;dntdpy; mtu;fs; kyf;FfisAk;> u]_y;khu;fisAk;>
egpkhu;fisAk;> my;yh`;tpd; ey;ybahu;fisAk;> ,iwNeru;fisAk;
my;yh`;Tf;F kpf neUq;fpatu;fs;; mtdplk; kpFe;j me;j];Jk;
nfsutKk; ngw;wtu;fs; vdf; fUjpdu;. mtu;fsplkpUe;J gy;NtW
mw;Gjq;fs; ntspg;gl;lijf; fz;l mk;kf;fs; jdf;F kl;LNk
chpj;jhd rpy Mw;wy;fis my;yh`; me;j rhd;Nwhu;fSf;Fk;
mUspAs;shd; vd;Wk; ek;gpdu;. mr;rhd;Nwhu;fs; ,j;jifa
Mw;wy;fshYk; jq;fSf;F my;yh`;tplKs;s fz;zpaj;jpdhYk;
my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtdJ mbahu;fSf;FkpilNa eLtu;fshf ,Uf;fj;
jFjp ngw;wtu;fs;; ahUf;Fk; vijAk; my;yh`;tplk; Neubahf
Nfl;Lg; ngwj; jFjpapy;iy ,r;rhd;Nwhu; %ykhfNt my;yh`;it
mZf KbAk;; mtu;fNs my;yh`;tplk; rpghhpR nra;thu;fs;;
mtu;fsJ me;j];ijf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L my;yh`; mtu;fsJ
rpghhpRfisf; fz;bg;ghf Vw;Wf;nfhs;thd;; mtu;fs; %ykhfNt
my;yh`;it tzq;f Ntz;Lk;; mtu;fs;jhd; my;yh`;tplk;
mbahu;fis kpf neUf;fkhf;fpitf;Fk; Mw;wy; ngw;wtu;fs; vd;Wk;
vz;zpdhu;fs;.

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,e;j vz;zk; ehsiltpy; cWjpahd ek;gpf;ifahf tYg;ngw;wJ.


mtu;fisj; jq;fsJ ghJfhtyu;fshff; fUjp my;yh`;Tf;Fk;
jq;fSf;FkpilNa eLtu;fshf;fpf; nfhz;ldu;. mtu;fsJ Nerj;ijg;
ngw;Wj; jUk; topKiwfnsd jhq;fs; fUjpa midj;ijAk; nfhz;L
mtu;fsplk; neUf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhs;s Kaw;rpj;jdu;.
mr;rhd;Nwhu;fSf;fhf mtu;fspd; cUtg;glq;fisAk; rpiyfisAk;
cUthf;fpdu;. mtw;Ws; rpy cz;ikaha; cUtg;glq;fshf ,Ue;jd.
rpy cUtg; glq;fis jq;fsJ fw;gidf;F Vw;wthW tiue;jdu;. ,e;j
cUtg; glq;fSf;Fk; rpiyfSf;Fk; mugp nkhopapy; ~m];dhk;| vd;W
$wg;gLk;.

rpyu; rhd;Nwhu;fSf;nfd cUtg; glq;fs;> rpj;jpuq;fs; vijAk;


tiuahky; mtu;fsJ mlf;fj;jyq;fisAk; mtu;fs; trpj;j>
Xa;ntLj;j> jq;fpa ,lq;fisAk; Gdpj ];jyq;fshf Vw;gLj;jpf;
nfhz;ldu;. me;j ];jyq;fSf;Ff; fhzpf;iffisAk; Neu;r;irfisAk;
rku;g;gpj;jdu;. NkYk;> mt;tplq;fspy; gzpTlDk; khpahijAlDk;
ele;J gy fphpiafisr; nra;jdu;. ,t;thwhd ,lq;fSf;Fk;
rkhjpfSf;Fk; mugpapy; ~mt;]hd;| vd;W $wg;gLk;.

,t;thwhd ,lq;fSf;Fk; rkhjpfSf;Fk; mugpapy; ~mt;]hd;| vd;W


$wg;gLk;.

mtu;fs; m];dhk; kw;Wk; mt;]hd;fSf;Fr; nra;J te;j rlq;Ffspy;


ngUk;ghyhdtw;iw mk;U ,g;D Y`a;k; jhd; cUthf;fpj; je;jhd;.
mtd; cUthf;fpj; je;j midj;Jk; 'mofpa mD\;lhdq;fs; (gpj;mj;
`]dh)" vdTk;> mit ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fsJ khu;f;fj;jpw;F
vt;tifapYk; Kuzhdjy;y vdTk; mk;kf;fs; ek;gpdu;.

mtu;fs; mt;]hd; kw;Wk; m];dhk; Mfpatw;iw tzq;fpa


KiwfshtJ:

1) mr;rpiyfis tzq;fp topghLfs; nra;J mtw;wplk; mgak;


Njbdu;. jq;fsJ neUf;fbahd fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; ghJfhtYf;fhf
mjidg; ngau; $wp mioj;jdu;. mit my;yh`;tplk; rpghhpR
nra;J jq;fsJ Njitfis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;Fk; vd;w
ek;gpf;ifapy; ,t;thW Ntz;b te;jdu;.

2) mtw;iw ehb gazpj;jdu;; tyk; Rw;wp te;jdu;; gzpit fhl;b


mtw;wpd; Kd; rpuk; gzpe;jdu;.

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3) mtw;Wf;F jq;fsJ Neu;r;irfis epiwNtw;wpdu;.


mr;rpiyfSf;F Kd; mikf;fg;gl;l gyp gPlq;fspy; jq;fsJ
gpuhzpfis mWj;J gyp nfhLj;jdu;. vq;F gpuhzpfis
mWj;jhYk; mr;rpiyfspd; ngau; $wpNa mWj;jdu;.

mtu;fspd; ,e;j ,Utif capu;g;gypfisg; gw;wp my;yh`;


Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;:

...(g+i[ nra;tjw;fhf) epakpf;fg;gl;litfspy; mWf;fg;gl;litfSk;


cq;fSf;F tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. (my;Fu;Md; 5 : 3)

(ek;gpf;ifahsu;fNs! mWf;Fk;NghJ) my;yh`;Tila ngau;


$wg;glhjtw;iw ePq;fs; Grpf;fhjPu;fs;. epr;rakhf mJ ngUk;
ghtkhFk;. (my;Fu;Md; 6 : 121)

4) mtu;fs; mr;rpiyfSf;F nrYj;jpa tzf;f topghLfspy; xd;W


'jq;fspd; fw;gidf;F jFe;jthW czT> Fbghdk; Mfpatw;wpy;
rpytw;iw mr;rpiyfSf;fhf xJf;fp itj;J tpLthu;fs;. mt;thNw
jq;fsJ Ntshz;ik kw;Wk; fhy;eilfspy; rpytw;iw
mr;rpiyfSf;fhf xJf;fp tpLthu;fs;. ,jpy; xU Ntbf;if
vd;dntdpy;> my;yh`;Tf;fhfTk; rpytw;iw xJf;Fthu;fs;. gpwF
gy fhuzq;fisf; $wp mit midj;ijAk; rpiyfSf;Nf
nfhLj;J tpLthu;fs;. Mdhy;> rpiyfSf;fhf xJf;fpatw;wpy;
vijAk; my;yh`;Tf;nfd;W vLf;f khl;lhu;fs;. ,ijg; gw;wpNa
my;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;:

tptrhak;> ML> khL> xl;lfk; Nghd;w my;yh`; cw;gj;jp nra;gtw;wpy;


xU ghfj;ij jq;fs; tpUg;gg;gb Fwpg;gpl;L ',J my;yh`;Tf;F
vd;Wk; (kw;nwhU ghfj;ij) ,J vq;fSila nja;tq;fSf;F" vd;Wk;
$Wfpd;wdu;. mtu;fs; jq;fs; nja;tq;fSf;nfd Fwpg;gpl;l ghfj;jpy;
vJTk; my;yh`;Tf;Fr; NrUtjpy;iy. vdpDk;> my;yh`;Tf;nfd
Fwpg;gpl;lit (ey;yitahapUe;jhy;) mtu;fSila nja;tq;fSf;Nf
Nru;e;J tpLfpd;wd! mtu;fs; nra;Ak; ,j;jPu;khdk; kpff; nfl;lJ.
(my;Fu;Md; 6 : 136)

jq;fspd; tptrhaq;fs; kw;Wk; fhy;eilfspy; rpytw;iw me;j


rpiyfSf;fhf Neu;r;ir nra;jdu;. ,ijg; gw;wp gpd;tUk; trdj;jpy;
my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;:

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(md;wp mtu;fs; jq;fs;) ML> khL> xl;lfk; Mfpatw;wpYk;>


tptrhaj;jpYk; (rpytw;iwf; Fwpg;gpl;L) ',J jLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.
vq;fs; nfhs;ifg;gb ehq;fs; tpUk;Gfpw (GNuhfpju;fs;> FUkhu;fs;
Mfpa) tu;fisj; jtpu (kw;nwtUk;) mjidg; Grpf;ff;$lhJ" vd;W
(jq;fs; %lf; nfhs;ifapd;gb) mtu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. jtpu> mt;thNw
NtW rpy) ML> khL> xl;lfq;fspd; KJFfs; jLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd.
(mtw;wpd; kPJ VWtJk;> RikNaw;WtJk; $lhJ) vd;Wk;> (NtW) rpy
ML> khL> xl;lfq;fis(f; Fwpg;gpl;L mtw;iw mWf;Fk;nghOJ)
mtw;wpd; kPJ my;yh`;tpd; jpUehkj;ijf; $wf;$lhJ vd;Wk;
(my;yh`; fl;lis ,l;bUg;gjhf) my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngha;ahff;
fw;gid nra;(J $W)fpd;wdu;. mtu;fSila ,g;ngha;f; $w;Wf;Fj;
jf;f $ypia (my;yh`;) gpd;du; mtu;fSf;Ff; nfhLg;ghd;.
(my;Fu;Md; 6 : 138)

Polytheism and worship of idols became the most prominent feature of


the religion of pre-Islam Arabs despite alleged profession of Abraham’s
religion.

Traditions and ceremonies of the worship of their idols had been mostly
created by ‘Amr bin Luhai, and were deemed as good innovations rather
than deviations from Abraham’s religion. Some features of their worship of
idols were:

1. Self-devotion to the idols, seeking refuge with them, acclamation of


their names, calling for their help in hardship, and supplication to
them for fulfillment of wishes, hopefully that the idols (i.e., heathen
gods) would mediate with Allâh for the fulfillment of people’s
wishes.
2. Performing pilgrimage to the idols, circumrotation round them, self-
abasement and even prostrating themselves before them.

Seeking favour of idols through various kinds of sacrifices and immolations,


which is mentioned in the Qur’ânic verses:

3. "And that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone-


altars)" [Al-Qur'an 5:3]

Allâh also says:

"Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allâh’s Name has not

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been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal)."


[Al-Qur'an 6:121]
4. Consecration of certain portions of food, drink, cattle, and crops to
idols. Surprisingly enough, portions were also consecrated to Allâh
Himself, but people often found reasons to transfer parts of Allâh’s
portion to idols, but never did the opposite. To this effect, the
Qur’ânic verses go:

"And they assign to Allâh a share of the tilth and cattle which He has
created, and they say: ‘This is for Allâh according to their pretending, and
this is for our (Allâh’s so-called) partners.’ But the share of their (Allâh’s so-
called) ‘partners’, reaches not Allâh, while the share of Allâh reaches their
(Allâh’s so-called) ‘partners’. Evil is the way they judge." [Al-Qur'an 6:136]

5. Currying favours with these idols through votive offerings of crops


and cattle, to which effect, the Qur’ân goes:

"And according to their pretending, they say that such and such cattle
and crops are forbidden, and none should eat of them except those
whom we allow. And (they say) there are cattle forbidden to be used for
burden or any other work, and cattle on which (at slaughtering) the Name
of Allâh is not pronounced; lying against Him (Allâh)." [Al-Qur'an 6:138]

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