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Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series

ndice
Cmo hablar de forma natural Verbos Frasales

Relaciones

Trabajo

7 9
Viajes Vida Diaria

3 5

Deportes

Finanzas

14 17

11 13

Cmo hablar de forma natural


English learners dream of talking like natives. Everybody practices pronunciation and grammar, works hard on writing, broadens their vocabulary. However, have you ever been told that, to sound like a native, you need phrasal verbs? Most language researchers agree: if there are two ways of saying the same thing in English and one of them is a phrasal verb, you can bet that the phrasal verb will be the one the native speaker will use. Polishing your phrasal verbs skills, having them on the tip of your tongue and knowing how to use them give your speech a feel of nativeness. So, are you ready to give one more step towards fluency? Pulir tus habilidades en verbos frasales, tenindolas en la punta de la lengua y saber cmo utilizarlas dan a tu discurso una sensacin de naturalidad. Entonces, ests dispuesto a dar un paso ms hacia la fluidez? La mayora de los lingistas coinciden: si hay dos maneras de decir lo mismo en ingls y una de ellas es utilizando un verbo frasal, puedes apostar a que sta ser la que el hablante nativo va a utilizar. Los alumnos de ingls suean en hablar como nativos. Todos practican la pronunciacin y la gramtica, trabajan duro en la escritura, y amplan su vocabulario. Sin embargo, alguna vez te han dicho que, para escucharte como un nativo, necesitas verbos frasales?

Verbos Frasales
Phrasal verbs are verbs that have their meanings changed when they are joined with prepositions or adverbs (or both). The same verb can have dozens of completely different meanings, depending on the term that goes with it. To help you mastering phrasal verbs and learning how to use them, we have listed the most important ones divided into categories below. Go for it! Para ayudarte a dominar los verbos frasales y aprender a utilizarlos, hemos hecho una lista de los 50 ms importantes divididos en las siguientes categoras. Ve por ellos! Los verbos frasales son verbos que han cambiado su significado cuando se unen con preposiciones o adverbios (o ambos). El mismo verbo puede tener decenas de significados completamente diferentes, en funcin del trmino que va con l.

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

Relaciones
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

ask out be better off

to invite someone to go out (for a romantic date) to be in a better situation than before to separate, to put an end to something to talk to someone to try to get their attention to betray, to have a secret relationship with someone else. to become romantically interested in someone to develop in a positive way, have a good relationship to have a romantic relationship with someone, not necessarily a serious one

invitar a alguien a salir(para una cita romntica)

He asked her out for a movie.

estar en una mejor situacin My sister is better off now that que antes she found new friends. The old ones were mean to her! separarse, terminar, ponerle They were the perfect fin a algo couple, I never thought they would break up! ligar, hablarle a alguien para At a bar, he always tries to tratar de llamar su atencin chat up the girls around him. traicionar, tener una relacin She never cheated on him, secreta con otra persona but he keeps lying to her. enamorarse, interesarse romnticamente en alguien llevarse bien, tener una buena relacin tener una relacin romntica con alguien, no necesariamente seria He fell for her when he saw she was a soccer fan. My boyfriend and I get along very well. Every week, she goes out with a different guy! He is 35 and, now, he thinks it is time to find a girl to settle down. They were always arguing, so they decided to split up. 6

break up

chat (someone) up cheat on

fall for / fall in love with get along go out with

settle down

to begin living a steady life, to empezar a tener una vida get settled with only one person estable, establecerse con una sola persona to separate, to end a relationship separarse, terminar una relacin

split up

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

Trabajo
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

account for (something) carry out

to give reason or explanation for something to put something in action, to accomplish. to have a new idea or produce an answer

dar razn o explicacin de algo poner algo en accin, llevar a cabo tener una nueva idea o dar una respuesta o solucin

The boss could not account for all the absences. The marketing team carried out several tests before launching the campaign. In every meeting, she always comes up with the best solutions. We have to deal with complaints from clients everyday. The accountant has to go over the books every month. I have to go through the report today. Spending to have a good team pays off. They have to point out the benefits of the merger.

come up with deal with go over (something) go through

to take action about something, tomar medidas acerca de to take care of it by facing it algo, lidiar con algo to review something, to examine carefully to discuss something, to go over something until you find a solution to yield a profit or result, to have a successful result revisar algo, examinar cuidadosamente discutir algo, repasar algo hasta encontrar una solucin obtener un beneficio o resultado, tener un resultado exitoso

pay off

point out

to explain something specific, explicar algo especfico, to call attention to something llamar la atencin sobre algo to make something, to produce and launch to take control of something to start a company or a venture

put out take over set up 7

hacer algo, producir y lanzar The producer puts out new CDs every week. tomar el control de algo, hacerse cargo iniciar una compaa o una empresa, fundar Some companies specialize in taking over small ventures. A group of journalists set up a new magazine. 8

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

Viajes
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

be due in be off get back to

to be expected to arrive to go out to (some place) to return to, go back to

esperar la llegada ir (a un lugar), salir para regresar a, volver a

The plane is due in at 5pm. Im off to Paris now. Traveling is great, but we were tired when we got back to town.

get in pull in pull out

to arrive (a plane, for example) to arrive (used for trains) to depart (used for trains)

llegar (un avin por ejemplo) The plane gets in at 12 pm. llegar (utilizado para los trenes) salir, irse, partir (utilizado para los trenes) despedir a alguien cuando se va de viaje salir de viaje, partir hacer una breve pausa en un viaje, hacer escala ya sea para cambiar aviones o descansar despegar (para aviones) The British trains always pull in on time. When the train pulled out, we were happy to finally start our trip. My parents saw me off at the airport. The family set off to the beach really early. While going to the farm, we had to stop over to eat.

see (someone) off set off stop over

to accompany someone as they depart. to leave on a trip or journey to make a brief pause in a trip, either to change airplanes or to rest to leave flying (for planes)

take off

International flights cannot take off from local airports.

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

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Vida diaria
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

catch up get into hold on run out of bring up come out

to learn the newest facts

enterarse de las noticias ms recientes

She called her friend to catch up on the gossip I dont like to get into fights. Hold on, they have to pick up the books first. When the car ran out of gas, he was in the middle of nowhere. I bring my son up with all the love I possibly can; He never cooks, but now he is baking a cake. I don't know how it will come out. She spent hours in front of the computer trying to find out her brother's password. College is difficult, but you can't give up! The class was over, but the teacher kept going on and on about the life of the germs. Students have to look up new words in the dictionary.

to enter (a discussion, a car) entrar, meterse en (una discusin o un carro) to wait for a little while to be without, to be with nothing left to raise a child to be presented in public, to become or result in to discover, to learn a new fact to quit, to abandon hope, to stop truing to continue, not to stop. esperar por un momento agotar, quedarse sin criar a un nio presentarse en pblico, convertirse o resultar en descubrir, aprender un hecho nuevo desistir, perder la esperanza, dejar de intentar continuar, no detenerse

find out

give up

go on

look up

to search for information, to consult (a book, a readable source) to cancel what one said, to "unsay"

buscar informacin, consultar (un libro, una fuente legible) retirar lo dicho, desdecirse

take back 11
How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

We told her she was awful, but we regretted. So, we took it back. 12

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

Deportes
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

bulk up call off come in fall off play off

to gain weight or increase the size to cancel to arrive (at a certain postion) to fall from something to play the last game in competition to decide the winner to briefly practice before really starting an activity to exercise to keep in shape or to improve physically to give support and encouragement to accompany, to follow and have the same pace to hit someone so hard they pass out. to compete with, to fight against

aumentar masa Some athletes use steroids muscular,aumentar volumen to bulk up. cancelar llegar en una determinada posicin, entrar caerse (de algo) jugar el ltimo partido de la competencia para decidir el ganador practicar brevemente antes de empezar una actividad, calentar The match had to be called off due to the rain. The Australian rider came in 2nd in the grand prix. When skaters fall off, it must hurt! When Cuba and Brazil play off, the volleyball court is full of excitement. Players have to warm up before every game.

warm up

work out

hacer ejercicio para Working out is really good mantenerse en forma o para for your health. mejorar fsicamente animar, dar apoyo o estmulo The fans were cheering on the basketball players.

cheer on keep up knock out

acompaar, seguir y tener el I have trouble keeping up mismo ritmo with aerobics classes. golpear a alguien con tanta fuerza que se desmaya, noquear competir con, luchar contra, enfrentar Mike Tyson knocked out many of his opponents. Real Madrid will take on River Plate and crush them. 14

take on

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How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

Finanzas
PHRASAL VERB DEFINITION TRANSLATION OF DEFINITION EXAMPLE

bail out

to help someone out of a financial issue to give money unwillingly to spend part of ones savings to have just enough money for ones needs, nothing else to give money back to someone

ayudar a alguien a salir de un problema financiero,rescatar dar dinero de mala gana, soltar el dinero gastar parte de los ahorros

My friend did not have money for the rent, so, I bailed him out. Cough up for a better wedding present! When the dad was fired, they had to dip into the kids funds. With our wages, we can get by, but we dont have luxuries. The author paid back the loan for his book. For college, I have to put a fortune aside. Trust fund kids like Paris Hilton love splashing out. His aunt was kind to tide him over while he was unemployed.

cough up dip into

get by

tener dinero suficiente para las necesidades de uno, nada ms devolver dinero a alguien, pagar lo que se debe

pay back put aside splash out tide over

to save money for a purpose ahorrar con un propsito to spend too much on unnecessary things to help someone with money until they can get by gastar demasiado en cosas innecesarias ayudar a alguien con dinero hasta que pueda salir adelante, sacar de apuro

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How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

How-to Series Cmo hablar como un nativo utilizando Verbos Frasales

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No te detengas aqu!
Es cierto que los verbos frasales dejan una marca innegable de fluidez en su discurso. An as, slo la prctica hace la perfeccin. Para hablar ingls como un nativo y utilizar estos verbos frasales, necesitas capacitarte, hablar lo suficiente, mantenerte en contacto con el idioma - sin olvidar los verbos aprendidos, ni el vocabulario ya conocido. Obtn y mantn la fluidez en el ambiente ms relajado y flexible, practicando el ingls, preferentemente en clases con profesores nativos. Dnde? En Englishtown! Ven a visitar nuestra escuela! S, lo sabemos: si descargaste esta gua en internet, la computadora es realmente lo tuyo y no tienes tiempo para ir a la escuela. Aparte de que nuestra escuela es diferente: slo haz clic aqu y estars ah: www.englishtown.com. O si lo prefieres, pide una consulta gratuita sobre nuestros cursos llamando al 01-800-236-1111

Acerca de Englishtown:
Englishtown es parte de EF Education First, la organizacin educativa privada ms grande del mundo. Somos la eleccin de miles de personas y empresas alrededor del mundo. Compaas como HSBC, Nestle, BMW, y muchas ms han confiado en Englishtown para proveer la correcta capacitacin de ingls a profesionales como t.