Pre-Calculus Lesson 8 Objectives

1. Review of factoring 2. Review of zero product law 3. Review of quadratic formula Materials and Handouts
1. Time 5-10 minutes 15 minutes Go over homework

Homework

1.
Activity

10 minutes

15 minutes

Review of Factoring 1. Factoring the GCF- Have them do the 3 examples. if they’re having trouble, review the distributive property briefly 2. Factoring simple trinomials- Once they’ve done the FOILs, the patterns they should notice is that the sum of the second two terms of each binomial appears in the middle, and the product of them appears on the end. Have them use this fact to do the backwards FOIL. 3. Factoring more complex trinomials- have them do the FOILs. The patterns aren’t so easy this time, but they should at least notice that the first two terms in each binomial multiply to become the first term of the trinomial and that the second two terms in each binomial multiplies to become the last term of the trinomial. The middle term is kind of tricky. 4. Coach them through the factoring problems using guess and check. Have them write down their guesses, but then try to check in their heads- this saves a lot of time. Zero product law 1. Walk them through the zero product law problems. Hopefully it’s all review and will come back to them really quickly. 2. Stress that this is what allows us to find the roots of a quadratic and that’s what factoring is for! Solving incomplete quadratics using completing the square 1. Have them go through the “solving incomplete quadratics” 2. Show them how to complete the square to solve the un-factorable quadratic.

Pre-calculus Lesson 8

Name:__________________ Date:_________

Roots of a Parabola Class Work
Factoring 1. Factoring out the GCF: I prefer to call this “reverse distributive property” because we’re looking to go backwards and figure out what was distributed in and pull it out. a. b. c. d.

2. Factoring Simple Trinomials: First do the following FOIL problems and see if you notice any patterns.
a. ( )( ) b. ( )( ) c. ( )( ) d. ( )( )

e. Patterns:

3. Thinking about those patterns, we want to reverse the FOIL process. Try factoring (meaning reverse FOIL this time) the following trinomials.
a. b. c. d.

4. Factoring more complex trinomials: Life gets a little harder when there’s a number in front of the term. This number is called the leading coefficient. Take a moment and )( ) c. ( )( ) FOIL out the following binomials: )( ) a. ( b. (

d. Patterns:

5. The only way to really conquer these guys is to do guess and check (meaning write down two probable binomials and multiply them together and see if you get to where you want to be.) You can guess intelligently however. You don’t have to try every combination. Consider the trinomial . Below are four guesses of how the trinomial factors. Two guesses are unintelligent guesses. Cross those two off and explain why they’re unintelligent. Multiply the other two out to see which one works. ( ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) )( )

6. Try factoring the following trinomials using guess and check. Think carefully about the signs. a.

d.

b.

c.

e.
g.

i.

f.

h.

Zero-Product Law 1. So, now that you have factoring under your belt, why do we want to factor? It’s kind of a huge pain and seems a little silly. You’re doing a lot of work just to rewrite something in a different way. a. First of all let’s review the zero product law: If Then either or

b. We already talked about finding the vertex of a parabola. What are the other two important points of a parabola? Draw a picture.

c. What is the y-coordinate at those two points? d. So consider the following factored quadratics. Plug in the proper y-coordinate that you mentioned up above. Can you tell me (think zero product law) what their roots are? ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )

2. Try doing the factoring yourself to find the roots of the following quadratics. a. b.

3. The zero product law also helps us solve quadratic equations. Just get one side to equal zero, factor, then solve using the zero product law. a. b.

c. Find the intersection of the parabola and the line algebraically. and

Finding Roots of Quadratics that CANNOT be factored 1. Not all quadratics can be factored. Consider the following quadratic: factoring it. . Try

2. Forget for a second that you ever learned anything about factoring. Try solving the following equations without either factoring or FOILing. ) ) a. ( b. ( c. ( )

3. Isn’t there a way that we learned in the last lesson to rewrite something that looks like: ) into something that looks like ( ? If we could get this unfactorable trinomial into this form, we could find its roots by doing what we just did above.

4. Try it a few more times: a. c.

b.

d.

Pre-calculus Lesson 8

Name:_______________ Date:_________

Roots of a Parabola Homework
1. Find the roots of each quadratic

a.

b.

c.

2. Solve each of the following quadratic equations by first manipulating them so that one side of the equation is set equal to zero. a. c.

b.

d.

3. Find the intersection point of the parabola and the line and

4. Solve each of the following incomplete quadratics for all values of . Do not factor or FOIL. If applicable, express answers in simplest radical form. a. c. e. ( )

b.

d. (

)

f.

(

)

5. Find the roots of each of the following parabolas by completing the square on the quadratic. a. c.

b.

d.

e.