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RESPIRATION EXAM Need to know all the definitions on the study guide KNOW ALL DEFINITIONS FOR DISEASES

Definition of disease. Eg. Asthma, dysnpea, cyanosis, hyperventilation, hypoventilation, atelectasis, apnea, orthopnea Exams for pulmonary:PFT pulmonary function test--test and what includes TEST ON ALMOST ALL PEOPLE WITH PULMONARY PROBLEMSSigns and symptoms clinical of pulmonary edema- SOB Crackles in lungs, color Each disease signs and symptoms. Cause and pathology of disease, lung cancer-cause is smoking, pathology- ADENO large cell, small cell. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Pneumonia-cause infection, most common cause-what pathology-bacteria(causes inflammation of lungs) or virus, signs of symptoms-fever, SOB, RISK FACTORS VIRAL, BACTERIAL, COMMUNITY ACQUIRED, ASPIRATION, best exam- culture. What are u looking in the chest x-ray- white on the x-ray atelactesis. Hemoptosis KNOW Blood gas analysis: concepts, pH, hyper and hypoventalate, O2, CO2 SIDS-cause, pathology, prevention, when occurs, WHO IS AT RISK? Pulmonary edema-what is it, causes, signs and symptoms, what to look for in chest x-ray. Laryngeal cancer- cause-pathology, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Focus on emphysema, asthma, pneumoniacause, pathology-distruction Classify asthma, MAJOR CAUSE, CLINICAL SIGNS, PATHOLOGY http://www.familyallergy.com/asthma/asthma-classification Emphysema MAJOR CAUSE, CLINICAL SIGNS, PATHOLOGY Classification by physician has nothing to do with cause and pathology

Bronchitis, symptoms, aggravating factors/ TRIGGERS, INFECTION exacerbates disease TB-cause, bacteria, pathology, signs and symptoms, DIAGNOSTIC TESTS, SKIN TEST-EXPOSED TO IT, ACTIVE DISEASE- SPUTUM, CULTURES FIRST THING IN THE MORNING Krub-signs and symptoms, cause PE-cause-dVT, signs and symptoms, make sure you know signs and symptoms for this exam. Cystic fibrosis-diagnostic, signs and symptoms, cause &pathology-same, WHAT AGGRAVATES IT? Sleep apnea- risk, what is it, primary treatment- SURGERY-REMOVE UVULA, NOT CPAP AS PRIMARY TREATMENT Newborn and respiratory distress syndrome-what is it, when does it occur and cause. Apgar score, signs and symptoms, causes. Acute respiratory distress in adult-pathophysiology behind them, cause, clinical signs.This will be hardest on the test. Cyanosis, Dypnea, Orthopenia, Apnea Hemoptosis Hepoxemia, hypoxia- KNOW DIFFERENCE PE-clinical signsCAUSE, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, PATHOLOGY Different types of pneumothoraxFlial chest-rib cage is broken, puncture lungs-pneumothorax- intubate, CAB-circulation, airway and breathing (what the first thing u look at in emergency) AED first and then do CAB. Atelectasis- first exam to do- Chest Xray EMPYEMAKNOW WHEEZING

KNOW DIFFERENCES IN ASSESSMENTS BETWEEN ADULTS AND PEDS CROUP- SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS PULMONARY EMBOLI- CAUSE/ DVT/ REDUCED AIR/BLOOD FLOW=TISSUE DESTRUCTION, CLINICAL SIGNS, ARDS- ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME- READ IN THE BOOK- BOTH ADULT AND PEDS, KNOW SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AND PATHOLOGY.