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TNT DRIVE ME CHALLENGE 2012

HEALTH TEST
North Star Alliance Driver Health Knowledge Test
Please take five minutes to answer these knowledge-testing questions about your health. More than one answer is possible. 1. What is a normal healthy blood pressure? a. b. c. d. e. 90 over 60 120 over 80 140 over 90 160 over 100 None of the above

Answer: The answer is b (120 over 80). Ideally, we should all have a blood pressure below 120 over 80 (120/80). This is the ideal blood pressure for people wishing to have good health. At this level, we have a much lower risk of heart disease or stroke. Source: http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Thebasics/What isnormal 2. Which of these factors can help lower your blood pressure? a. b. c. d. e. Eat less salt Eat more fruit and vegetables Maintain a healthy weight Drink less alcohol All of the above

Answer: The answer is e (all of the above). An unhealthy lifestyle will raise your blood pressure over time. And the higher your blood pressure becomes, the higher your risk of having a

stroke or heart attack in the future. If you have high blood pressure, healthy changes will help to bring it down. And you don't have to wait until you have high blood pressure to make healthy lifestyle changes. The more you can reduce your blood pressure, the lower your risk of a heart attack or stroke will be. Source: http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Thebasics/Yourl ifestyle 3. How much water (or fluid) should a healthy adult drink each day? a. b. c. d. e. 1-3 cups (0.2 0.7 litres) 4-8 cups (1 2 litres) 9-13 cups (2.2 3 litres) 14-18 cups (3.3 4.3 litres) None of the above

Answer: The answer is c (9-13 cups). Water is your body's principal chemical component and makes up about 60 percent of your body weight. Every system in your body depends on water. Every day you lose water through your breath, perspiration, urine and bowel movements. For your body to function properly, you must replenish its water supply by consuming beverages and foods that contain water. So how much fluid does the average, healthy adult living in a temperate climate need? The Institute of Medicine determined that an adequate intake for women is 2.2 litres (about 9 cups) of total beverages a day and for men it is roughly 3 litres (about 13 cups) of total beverages a day. Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283 4. What contributes to Diabetes? a. b. c. d. e. Unhealthy eating Being overweight Lack of exercise Eating too much sugar Spending time with people who have diabetes

Answer: The answer is a (unhealthy eating), b (being overweight) AND c (lack of exercise). D: Eating too much sugar does not contribute to diabetes. Type 1 northstar-alliance.org | 2

diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease; type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and a diet high in calories, whether from sugar or from fat, can contribute to weight gain. E: Diabetes is not contagious. It cant be caught like a cold or flu. There seems to be some genetic link in diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle factors also play a part. Source: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-myths 5. How much should the average adult exercise every day? a. b. c. d. e. 10 minutes 30 minutes 1 hour 3 hours None. If you eat healthy, no physical activity is needed.

Answer: The answer is b (30 minutes). As a general goal, aim for at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day. If you want to lose weight or meet specific fitness goals, you may need to exercise more. Even brief bouts of activity offer benefits. For instance, if you can't fit in one 30-minute walk, try three 10-minute walks instead. What's most important is making regular physical activity part of your lifestyle. Source: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/exercise/AN01713

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