kV
V
V
V f
V w
m n
m n
=
=
=
H =
H =
=
n. oscillatio transient of frequency the (c)
and RRRV, of value maximum the (b)
voltage, striking  re of value maximum The (a)
Calculate F. 0.03 is earth to e capacitanc and 5 is breaker
circuit of location the to up phase per reactance the system, kV 132 a In 2.
O
kV
V V
L m
215.55
32x10 x0.81649x1 2
3
2
2 2 V ) a (
3
max
c
=
=
= =
sec kV/ 4.932 RRRV
x0.03x10 01592 . 0
1
3
2
RRRV
H 0.01592 mH 15.92 L
L (50) 2 5
(given) 2 X
LC 2
1
2 f 2
RRRV ) (
max
6 
max
L
n
max
=

.

\

=
= =
H =
H =
=
H
H = H =
=
L
m
m m
m n
V
fL
LC
V
V V
V w b
kHz 7.282 f
) x0.03x10 01592 . 0 2 /( 1 f
) 2 /( 1 f ns, oscillatio transient of frequency (c)
n
6 
n
n
=
H =
H = LC
. resistance of value
critical (c) and n, oscillatio of frequency damped (b) n, oscillatio of
frequency natural (a) Determine CB. the of contacts the across connected
is 500 of resistance a ly, respective F, 0.02 and 5 is breaker circuit
the of location the to up e capacitanc and reactance system, kV 132 a In 3.
O O
kHz 8.92 f
0 x50)0.02x1 2
5
( 2
1
f
2
1
f ns, oscillatio of frequency natural ) (
n
6 
n
n
=
H
H
=
H
=
LC
a
kHz 4.03 f
500 R
0.02x10 C
H 01591 . 0
f 2
X
L
4
1 1
2
1
f
ns, oscillatio of frequency damped (b)
d
6 
2 2
d
=
O =
=
=
H
=


.

\


.

\


.

\

H
=
F
R C LC
O =
=
445.95
2
1
) (
crit
crit
R
C
L
R c
H. 30 is Inductance pF. 100 is earth to e capacitanc atray of value The
breakers. circuit the of contacts the across appear l which wil voltage the of
value e prospectiv the Calculate current. the of peak value of 2.5% at occurs
chopping current The A. 8000 is system kV 132 a of current circuit  short The 4.
MV 4.9
84 . 282
)) 8000 ( 2 %( 5 . 2
=
=
=
=
v
A i
i
C L i v
grounded. is fault
that the Assume RRRV. the Determine kHz. 16 of frequency
natural a had transient striking  re the and l symmetrica is
current breaking the value, line full of 0.95 oltage recovery v
0.4, fault the of p.f. : results following the gave breaker
the system, phase  3 kV, 132 a on st circuit te short a In 5.
( ) ( )
kV. 75 . 107
10 x 132 3 2 3 2
8702 . 0 x 1 x 95 . 0 x 916 . 0
) ( 1
95 . 0
916 . 0 ) 4 . 0 sin(cos
) sin(cos sin
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
3 2 1
=
= =
= =
=
=
= =
u = u =
=
m
L m
m m
m
V
V V
V V Var
fault grounded for K
K
K
K
V K K K Var
kV 85 . 93 =
ar
V
kV 187.7 2
max
= =
ar c
V V
sec 6kV/ kV/sec 10 x 32 x 187.7
. sec
32
10
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
) 10 x 16 ( 2
1
2
1
2
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
2
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
voltage restriking Maximum
3
3 
3
~ =
=
= =
H
H
=
H
=
H =
H
=
=
RRRV
f f
w
f w
w
RRRV
n n
n
n n
n
ground. involve
t doesn' fault & grounded not is neutral that the Assume
RRRV. average Determine kHz. 16 is voltage striking  re
of ns oscillatio of frequency the and l symmetrica is
current breaking the value, line full times 0.9 oltage recovery v
0.4, fault the of p.f. : results following the gave breaker
the system, phase  3 kV, 132 a on st circuit te short a In 6.
( ) ( )
kV. 75 . 107
10 x 132 3 2 3 2
2366 . 1 .5x 1 x 9 . 0 x 916 . 0
) ( 5 . 1
9 . 0
916 . 0 ) 4 . 0 sin(cos
) sin(cos sin
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
3 2 1
=
= =
= =
=
=
= =
u = u =
=
m
L m
m m
m
V
V V
V V Var
fault isolated for K
K
K
K
V K K K Var
kV 85 . 133 =
ar
V
kV 267.7 2
max
= =
ar c
V V
sec 8.5664kV/ kV/sec 10 x 32 x 267.7
. sec
32
10
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
) 10 x 16 ( 2
1
2
1
2
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
2
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
voltage restriking maximum reach to Time
voltage restriking Maximum
3
3 
3
~ =
=
= =
H
H
=
H
=
H =
H
=
=
RRRV
f f
w
f w
w
RRRV
n n
n
n n
n
voltage. service rated and rating time  short
current, making rated current, breaking l symmetrica
rated capacity, breaking current, normal rated
Find breaker. circuit phaseoil  3 second,  3 kV, 33
MVA, 1000 A, 1500 as rated is breaker circuit A
kV(rms) 33 voltage service Rated
sec. 3 for A 17496 rating time  Short
A(peak) 44614 17496 x 2.55 current making Rated
A(rms) 17496 current breaking symmtrical Rated
10 x 33 x 3
10 x 1000
) current
breaking symmtrical (Rated
MVA 1000 capacity Breaking
A 1500 current normal Rated
3
6
=
=
= =
=
=
=
=
ns. oscillatio of frequency & RRRV average the Determine
kV. 100 voltage, restriking peak
sec. 50 TRV, peak reach the to time
: transient frequency single on obtained were readings
following the breaker, circuit a on st circuit te  shot a In
sec. kV/ 2
sec 50
kV 100
voltage restriking Peak reach to time
voltage restriking Peak
RRRV Average
= =
=
( )
kHz. 10 Hz 10,000
10 x 50 x 2
1
voltage restriking peak reach to time 2
1
voltage restriking peak reach to time
2
6 
= = =
=
=
H
H
=
n
n
n
n
n
f
f
w
w
f