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EE2402- Protection & Switchgear Assignment questions

1. A 50 Hz, 11 kV, 3-phase, alternator with earthed neutral has a reactance of 5/phase, and is connected to busbar through a circuit breaker. The capacitance to earth between the alternator and the circuit breaker is 0.02F/phase. Assuming the resistance of the generator to be negligible calculate the following: (a) Maximum voltage across the contacts of the circuit breaker (b)Frequency of oscillations (c)The average RRRV up to the first peak. 2. Calculate the RRRV of a 220 kV CB with earthed neutral. The short circuit test data obtained is as follows: The current broken is symmetrical and the restriking voltage has an oscillatory frequency of 15 kHz. The power factor of the fault is 0.2.Assume the short circuit to be an earthed fault. 3. An air blast CB designed to interrupt a transformer magnetizing current of 15 A(rms) chops the current at an instantaneous value of 12 A. The values of L and C in the circuit are 8H and 0.009F. Find the voltage that appears across the circuit breaker. Assume that the inductive energy is transformed to capacitance. 4. In a short circuit test on a CB, the following readings were obtained on a single frequency transient: time to reach the peak restriking voltage, 50sec. The peak restriking voltage, 110 kV. Calculate the average RRRV and the frequency of oscillations. 5. An 11 kV, 50 Hz alternator is connected to a system which has inductance and capacitance per phase of 10 mH and 0.01F respectively. Determine the maximum voltage across the breaker contacts, frequency of transient oscillation, the average RRRV and the maximum RRRV. 6. A circuit breaker interrupts the magnetizing current of a 100 MVA transformer at 220 kV. The magnetizing current of the transformer is 5% of the full load current. Determine the prospective value of voltage across the breaker when the magnetizing current is interrupted at 53% of its peak value. The stray capacitance is 2500 F and the inductance is 30 H. 7. In a 220 kV system, the reactance and capacitance up to the location of CB is 8 and 0.025 F, respectively. A resistance of 600 is connected across the contacts of the CB. Determine the following: (a) Natural frequency of oscillation. (b) Damped frequency of oscillation. (c) Critical value of resistance which will give no transient oscillations. (d) The value of resistance which will give damped frequency of oscillation at one-fourth of the natural frequency of oscillation. Prepared by S. THANGALAKSHMI, Associate professor/EEE, GKMCET,Chennai-63.