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DOCUMENT TITLE: ALLOWABLE EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENING

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ALLOWABLE EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENING

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Descon Integrated Projects (Pvt.) Ltd.


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DOCUMENT NO.

DOCUMENT TITLE: ALLOWABLE EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENING

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APPENDIX P
DESIGN INPUTS: Size of Nozzle Nozzle mark Material of construction Inside diameter of tank Inside radius of tank Height of tank Design specific gravity of fluid Design internal pressure Thickness of bottom shell course Outside diametter of nozzle Outside radius of nozzle Distance of nozle centreline from top of bottom plate Design temperature Operatingtemperature Ambient temperature
1.1)
API 650 11th ED. 2nd ADD. 2009 Appendix 'P'

NPS

24 N1 = = = = = = = = = 80 40,000 19,200 1.00 0.00 34 610 305 630 A 106 Gr B m mm mm kPa mm mm mm mm

Di R H G Pi t a L T T1 T2

Ratios,

= = = DT = = R/t = a/R = L/2a = E =

Material of bottom shell course Modulus of elasticity of shell material at design temperature Thermal expansion coefficient of shell material at design temperature
1.2)

o 135 C o 90 C o 20 C T1 - T2 o 70 C 1,176 0.008 1.033 A 516 Gr 70 199,000 Mpa

API 650-Table P-1a API 650-Table P-1a

= 0.000012 mm / mm-oC

STIFFNESS COEFFICENTS FOR NOZZLE-TANK CONNECTION:

API 650-Clause-P.2.4

For Radial Load


Kr/E2a

0.00031

API 650- Figure P-2G

Stiffness coefficient for radial thrust load For Longitudinal moment

Kr

= 3.76E+04 N/mm

KL/E(2a)3

Stiffness coefficient for longitudinal moment For Circumferential moment

KL

= =

0.00030
1.36E+10

API 650-Figure P-2H

N/mm-rad

Kc/E(2a)3

Stiffness coefficient for circumferential Kc moment

= 0.00050 = 2.26E+10 N/mm-rad

API 650- Figure P-2I

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DOCUMENT TITLE: ALLOWABLE EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENING

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APPENDIX P
1.3)

SHELL DEFLECTION AND ROTATION AT THE NOZZLE CENTRELINE RESULTING API 650 11th ED. 2nd ADD. 2009 Appendix 'P' FROM HYDROSTAIC HEAD OF THE FULL TANK: L = 1.285 /(Rt)0.5 = 0.00110 1 / mm 0.7 radian = =
API 650-Clause P.2.5.1

Characteristic parameter

Unrestrained outward radial growth of the shell at centre of opening connection resulting from product head and/ or thermal expansion = Unrestrained rotation of the shell at center of the nozzle-shell connect -ion resulting from product head
1.4)

59.55

mm
API 650-Clause P2.5.2

-0.032

radians =

-1.84

degrees

DETERMINATION OF ALLOWABLE LOADS FOR SHELL OPENING: API 650-Clause P.2.7 XA XB XC XA XB XC = = = = = = L+a L-a L 935 325 630 mm mm mm
API 650-Figure P-1 API 650-Figure P-1 API 650-Figure P-1

Figure P-1 Nomenclature for Piping Loads Non dimensional quantities, XA/(Rt)0.5 0.80 = XB/(Rt)0.5 0.28 = XC/(Rt)0.5 0.54 =
API 650-Clause P.2.7.1.1 API 650-Clause P.2.7.1.1 API 650-Clause P.2.7.1.1

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APPENDIX P
= = = = = a/(Rt) 0.26
0.5

API 650-Cluase-P.2.3

API 650 11th ED. 2nd ADD. 2009 Appendix 'P'

Now, coefficients

YL YF YC

7.80 2.00 15.00

API 650-Figure P-4A API 650- Figure P-4A API -650 Figure P-4B API 650-Clause P.2.7.1

1.4.1)

RESULTS FROM CONSTRUCTED NOMOGRAM:

Intersection point of line "C1" on positive x-axis of nomogram Intersection point of line "C2" on positive x-axis of nomogram Intersection point of line "C3" on positive x-axis of nomogram Pressure at the elevation of opening centerline due static head and design internal pressure P

1-0.75XB/(Rt)0.5 0.79

API 650-Figure P-3A

1-0.75XA/(Rt)0.5 0.40 = 1-0.75XC/(Rt)0.5 0.59 181,986 N/m2

API 650-Figure P-3A

API 650-Figure P-3B

= =

API 650-P.2.3

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APPENDIX P
Pressure end load on the opening for the pressure resulting from design product head at the elevation of opening centerline
1.4.2)

Fp

= =

P p a2 53,185

API 650-Clause P.2.3ADD. 2009 API 650 11th ED. 2nd

Appendix 'P'

CALCULATION OF ALLOWABLE LOADS:

API 650-Clause P.2.7.2

FR ML MC

= Radial thrust applied at mid surface of the tank shell at the opening connection = Longitudinal moment applied at the mid surface of tank shell = Circumferential moment applied at the mid surface of tank shell /2YF (FR/FP) = 1.23E-06 x FR /a YL (ML/FP) = 2.07E-09 x ML /a YC (MC/FP) = 1.07E-09 x Mc
API 650-Clause P.2.7.2

API 650-Clause P.2.7.2

API 650-Clause P.2.7.2

For, ML=0 and Mc=0, For FR, Therefore, For, ML=0 and FR=0, For Mc, Therefore, For, FR=0 and MC=0, For ML, Therefore, = 2.07E-09 x ML < 0.79 = 1.07E-09 x Mc < Mcmax = 5.53E+08 N-mm 0.59 = 1.23E-06 FR max = 324,299 x FR N < 0.40

MLmax = 3.83E+08 N-mm

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