Authours_Last_Names. Article_Title. Guelph Engineering Journal, (##), ## - ##. ISSN: 1916-1107. ©YYYY.

Manuscript Format for Guelph Engineering Journal
First_Name Initial Last_Name Business or Academic Affiliation 1, City, Province, Postal Code, Country Second Author Business or Academic Affiliation 2, City, Province, Postal Code, Country Third Author Business or Academic Affiliation 2, City, Province, Postal Code, Country [Abstract] This document gives the formatting instructions for the Guelph Engineering Journal. It is recommended that this document be used as a template in the preparation of your manuscript. The GEJ format is an adaptation of the instructions used for American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Technical Conferences. Use this document as a template if you are using Microsoft Word 2000-XP or later, or Word for Mac OS X. Otherwise, use this document as an instruction set. Define all symbols used in the abstract. Do not cite references in the abstract.

Nomenclature
A a Cp Cx Cy c dt Fx Fy f, g h i j K = = = = = = = = = = = = = = amplitude of oscillation cylinder diameter pressure coefficient force coefficient in the x direction force coefficient in the y direction chord time step X component of the resultant pressure force acting on the vehicle Y component of the resultant pressure force acting on the vehicle generic functions height time index during navigation waypoint index trailing-edge (TE) nondimensional angular deflection rate

I. Introduction
This document is a template for Microsoft Word versions 2000-XP or later, or Word for Mac OS X. This document is adapted from the paper formatting instruction for American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Technical Conference Papers. If you are using different word processing software, such as LaTEX, the OpenOffice.org office suite, or Corel WordPerfect, use this document as a formatting guide. Authors using Microsoft Word will first need to save the Papers_Template.dot file in the “Templates” directory of their hard drive. To do so, simply open the Papers_Template.dot file and then click “File>Save As:” to save the template. (Note: Windows users will need to indicate “Save as Type>Document Template (*.dot)” when asked in the dialogue box; Mac users should save the file in the “My Templates” directory.) To create a new document using this template, use the command ”File>New>From Template” (Windows) or “File>Project Gallery>My Templates” (Mac). The new document that opens will be titled “Papers_Template.doc.” To create your formatted manuscript, type your own text over sections of Papers_Template.doc, or cut and paste from another document and then use the available markup styles. The pull-down menu is at the left of the Formatting Toolbar at the top of your Word window (for example, the style at this point in the document is “Text”). Highlight a section that you want to designate with a certain style, then select the appropriate style name from the pull-down style menu. The style will automatically adjust your fonts and line spacing. Do not change the font sizes, line spacing, or margins. Use italics for emphasis; do not underline. 1

uoguelph. and publication information should appear at the top of each page in 8 point font. The first line of every paragraph should be indented. 2.Authours_Last_Names. Default margins are 1 inch on all sides. give only the 2 . MM and DD are four digit year. as appropriate). please use this template to prepare your manuscript. with capital and lower-case letters. PDF documents cannot be processed. The pull-down menu on the left-hand side of the Formatting Toolbar at the top of your Word window contains all the styles you will need to format your document. outside the margin in the manner included in this document.4” and full justified. use the “Text” style from the pull-down menu to format all primary text for your manuscript. and numbered with Roman numerals. GEJ_Manuscript_Format. Papers may be in Word (. 10-point size. line spacing. ISSN: 1916-1107. Use italics for emphasis. and numbered with capital letters. flush left.odt) format. Major headings (“Heading 1” in the template style list) are bold 11-point font. province. city. 2007 is 2007-02-16. Subheadings (“Heading 2” in the template style list) are bold.doc) or OpenDocument Text (. In this Word template. (##). Each page should be numbered at the bottom center. and affiliations are centered and in italic type. or other unusual characters in the filename.dot) to format your manuscript. Guelph Engineering Journal.doc” where YYYY. If you are using the Papers_Template. A page number should be included on the first page. Extended quotes. starting from one. The authour last names. The first footnote (lower left-hand side) is to contain the job title and department name. two digit month and two digit day respectively. etc. The name of the file you upload for processing should be in the format “LastName_FirstName_YYYY-MM-DD_Description. 18-point type. NOTE: If you are using the electronic template (Papers_Template. first type the heading in regular text on its own line. There should be no additional lines between paragraphs. 3. zip/postal code and country. simply by using the appropriate style designation from the pull-down menu. and centered at the top of the page. B. Detailed Formatting Instructions The styles and formats for ENGG*6790 Papers have been incorporated into the structure of this document. Use “_” instead of spaces in the file name. and street address/mail stop for each author. For example. In the electronic template. or margins. In the electronic version of this template. Author names are centered. 9-point font. such as this example. If there are three or more authours. and line spacing as appropriate.) To insert a new heading in your document.ca/webfiles/gej the Guelph Engineering Journal web site.soe. please use the formatting instructions contained in this document as a guide. in the order they are given on the first page. indented 0. II. or cut and paste from another document and use the available markup styles. are to be used when material being cited is longer than a few sentences. and numbered (1. tabs. Article_Title. If you are reading a hardcopy or PDF version of this document. Procedure for Paper Submission All manuscripts are to be submitted directly to the Guelph Engineering Journal editor via email. The affiliation line for each author is to include that author’s city. Highlight a section that you want to designate with a certain style and select the appropriate style name from the pull-down style menu. Headings added in this way should be automatically numbered. article title.doc. do not underline. centered. If you are using Microsoft Word 2000-XP or later. Regardless of which program you use to prepare your manuscript. then select the appropriate heading type from the style list. Sub-Subheadings (“Heading 3” in the template style list) are italic. The style will automatically adjust your fonts. Do not use tildes. Headings The title of your paper should be typed in bold. ©YYYY. flush left. ## . Use the “Page Layout” feature from the “View” menu bar (View>Page Layout) to see the most accurate representation of how your final paper will appear. you can simply type your own text over sections of this document. symbols.dot file to prepare your manuscript. business or academic affiliation. Do not change the font sizes. all margins and other formatting is preset. A. February 16. or the standard quotation format is not practical. III. Replace Authours_Last_Names with the last names of each authour. Extended quotes are to be in Times New Roman. and province/state should follow on separate lines below the title. from http://www. the required spacing and formatting will be applied automatically. The names of authors with the same affiliation can be listed on the same line above their collective affiliation information. and all lines should be single-spaced.##. Document Text The default font for ENGG*6790 papers is Times New Roman. postal code (or city. province/state. The names of the authors. the appropriate style is “Extended Quote” from the dropdown menu. please download the electronic template file.

first authour’s last name. figures. Placing figure and caption in a text box prevents authors. and tables will be reproduced exactly as submitted. #. use both last names. The instructor will not be responsible for incorporating your figures. Article_Title. Footnotes are formatted automatically in the template. For three or more figure description. readers should not have to read the paper to understand the abstract. The abstract should be bold. Be sure to position any figures. Guelph Engineering Journal. etc.” Private communications and Web sites should be included in the reference list. **. *. papers that have been submitted or accepted for publication should be cited as “submitted for publication. References should be in alphabetical order by first author’s last name. see the “References” section of this template).” and the year. these from ending up on two different pages. year” notation.” unless there are six authors or more. and Tables All artwork. in which the author’s last name and the year of publication are placed in parentheses. E. with the date of download and web address appended to the end of the reference. For example. conjunctions. §.Authours_Last_Names. ¶. followed by the original foreign language citation. It is not necessary to include an “Abstract” heading or title. (##). Do not fill in volume or page numbers: this will be done during publication. Figure important fact (Smith. As a rule. use the lead author’s last name. web site references should include the page URL and the date the page was accessed. indented 3 picas (1/2”) on each side. List all bibliographical references at the end of the paper. followed by “et al. D. §§. Papers that have not been published should be cited as “unpublished”.g. It should be one paragraph long (not an introduction) and complete in itself (no reference numbers). Newly observed facts and conclusions of the experiment or argument discussed in the paper must be stated in summary form. where they appear. Abstract The abstract should appear at the beginning of your paper. the original author of the figure must be properly attributed in the caption by citing a reference to the source of the figure or placing author information directly in the 3 . At a minimum. If you are using this template. References should be cited according to the standard publication reference style (for examples. ## . and prepositions of four letters or fewer. followed by et al. If the document from the web can be referenced as a traditional publication (such as in the case of a published report or paper that has been posted on a web page for distribution). Names and locations of publishers should be listed. do not use “et al. Citations to references in the text should follow the conventional “author. please give the English citation first. all words are capitalized except for articles. and separated from the rest of the document by two blank lines. In the reference list. tables. month and year should be included for reports and papers. ISSN: 1916-1107. should appear in superscript as symbols in the sequence.##. †. etc. citing an Figure 1. For two captions should be bold and justified. Magnetization as a function of applied field. ‡. Footnotes and References Footnotes. ©YYYY. ‡‡. it should be referenced a according to the rules below. For papers published in translation journals. remove the “[Abstract]” text at the beginning of the example abstract. e. but if another medium is used. Images. 2007). tables. C. 2007)”. graphs. or pictures as you want them printed. “(Smith (no hyphen or other character) between the figure number and the and Jones. give all authors’ names. Figures. If the figure is not your original work. use the Insert>Footnote feature from the main menu as necessary. It should indicate subjects dealt with in the paper and state the objectives of the investigation. ††. should be placed above the 1” margin at the bottom of the page. captions. graphs. To insert footnotes into the template. with a period and a single tab authors.

use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on (http://www. Symbols. ISSN: 1916-1107. (1).” not “Temperature/K. the potential was calculated. tables. caption. approximately 8-12 point type. (##).. for example. below and to the left of each part. (1).” [It is not clear who or what used 4 .016 A/m. (1). write “Temperature.” not “P.” should they represent inequalities. if text boxes are not practical) as illustrated here.” Do not write “Magnetization (A/m) x 1000” because the reader would not then know whether the top axis label in Fig. you can use the solidus (/). Do not use abbreviations in the title unless they are unavoidable and would be understandable to readers without definition (for instance. ## . but T is the unit tesla). place table titles above the tables. but rather separate them from the preceding text by commas. such as. If the original figure was copyrighted.. use the abbreviation “Fig. If what is represented is really more than one equation. Refer to “Eq. or boundary conditions. Tables and figures of all types should be inserted into text boxes (or frames. Figure axis labels are often a source of confusion. A sample equation is included here. include the labels “a). but ESA. U. Italicize symbols (T might refer to temperature. A/m” or “Magnetization. Captions are bold and justified. SI. use the function (Insert>Object>Create New>Microsoft Equation or MathType Equation) to insert it into the document. ac. “Using Eq. use the “Figure” style from the pull-down formatting menu to type caption text. Do not label axes only with units. figures. To insert the equation into the document: 1) Select the “Equation” style from the pull-down formatting menu and hit “tab” once. When citing a figure in the text.” Avoid dangling participles. Place figure captions below all figures. G. For example. 10 3 A/m.” Do not enclose units in parenthesis. Text boxes should have no background and no outlines.” not just “A/m. the abbreviation “Eqs. write the quantity “Magnetization” rather than just “M. even after they have already been defined in the abstract. Numbers. Abbreviations that incorporate periods should not have spaces: write “P. as in Eq. formatted using the preceding instructions. R.. 3) Enter the equation number in parentheses. A ⋅ m 1. kA/m” or “Magnetization. or immediately following. To make your equation more compact. and Abbreviations Equations are centered and numbered consecutively.##.R. Please do not include captions as part of the figures. the exp function. First use the equation editor to create the equation. K. hit “tab” again.” not “(1)” or “equation (1)” except at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation (1) is…” Equations can be labeled other than “Eq. As in Fig. Write “Magnetization.g. Both the illustration itself and the caption should be included in the same box.” Number each different type of illustration (i. Use parentheses to avoid ambiguities in denominators. Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they are used in the text.” can be used. Hyphenate complex modifiers: “zero-field-cooled magnetization. Do not abbreviate “Table. and do not put captions in separate text boxes linked to the figures.” Delete periods between initials if the abbreviation has three or more initials.” except at the beginning of a sentence. General Grammar and Preferred Usage Use only one space after periods or colons. 2) Insert the equation.N. images) sequentially with relation to other illustrations of the same type. Insert a blank line on either side of the equation. Please note that “Float over text” should not be selected. with equation numbers in parentheses flush right. As in the example to the right. and dc do not have to be defined. (1) Be sure that the symbols in your equation are defined before the equation appears. If you are using Microsoft Word. you must secure permission to use the figure. a title such as “Comparison of Energy Usage in the UK and USA”). In the electronic template. Article_Title.e. Figure labels must be legible.Authours_Last_Names. If your figure has multiple parts. The keyboard shortcut for italicizing is Ctrl-i. Equations.mathtype.” “b). write − “Magnetization. 1. e.” Multipliers can be especially confusing. F. above the figure caption.com) for equations in your paper.” etc. Please verify that the figures and tables you mention in the text actually exist.” Do not label axes with a ratio of quantities and units. ©YYYY. and include the phrase “used with permission. matrices. 1 meant 16000 A/m or 0. or appropriate exponents. Use words rather than symbols. Guelph Engineering Journal.” Company logos and identification numbers are not permitted on your illustrations. with a period and a single tab (no hyphen or other character) between the figure number and figure description. Very common abbreviations such as USA.

usually without a hyphen. “principle of measurement”).1 × 0. if needed. (1). not singular (i. all references should be in 9-point font. 145.g.2 cm. IV.” not “. Author thanks…” Sponsor and financial support acknowledgments are also to be listed in the “acknowledgments” section. they should be joined to the words they modify.” not “cc.” The abbreviation “i.” not “webers/m2. periods and commas are placed within quotation marks.” Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: use “Wb/m 2” or “webers per square meter.25.” “discreet” and “discrete.. Eq.” and “"ultra” are not independent words.” A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this).” When expressing a range of values. References The following pages are intended to provide examples of the different reference types. ISSN: 1916-1107. References should be listed in alphabetical order by the first name of the last authour. separate chemical symbols by en-dashes. 5 .) Indicate sample dimensions as “0.” means “that is. do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion.” not “sec. Guelph Engineering Journal. not a lowercase letter “o. (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated within parenthesis.” The term for residual magnetization is “remanence”. for example. 44-46.” “principal” (e.] Write instead “The potential was calculated using Eq.” Aviation Week and Space Technology.” not “data is”). “NiMn” indicates the intermetallic compound Ni0. write “7 to 9” or “7-9. (Find at Insert>Symbol.. 1996.2 cm2. ## .e. Acknowledgments The preferred spelling of the word “acknowledgment” in American English is without the “e” after the “g.” The word “micrometer” is preferred over “micron” when spelling out this unit of measure. Remember to check spelling. The subscript for the permeability of vacuum µ0 is zero.” means “for example” (these abbreviations are not italicized).” The preferred abbreviation for “seconds” is “s. Be aware of the different meanings of the homophones “affect” (usually a verb) and “effect” (usually a noun).) would like to thank…” Instead. 24. “complement” and “compliment. A.” and the abbreviation “e. Article_Title. Vol. If your native language is not English. Appendix An appendix.” Do not use the word “issue” as a euphemism for “problem.” Use a zero before decimal points: “0. No. like “this period.. should appear before the acknowledgements. A graph within a graph is an “inset.” For multiplication. B and C.B. “Planetary Flight Surge Faces Budget Realities.” If you wish. (1). (##).” Other punctuation is “outside”! Avoid contractions.) In American and Canadian English. the adjective is “remanent”. Use the word “whereas” instead of “while” (unless you are referring to simultaneous events). please ask a native English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper..25. though it is preferred.g. pp. The appendix (if present).g.5 whereas “Ni–Mn” indicates an alloy of some composition NixMn1-x. 9 Dec.” “multi.” not “0.” not an “insert. and references should be listed without numbers. for example. Font: Symbol. Periodicals Dornheim.” Prefixes such as “non. “data are.” Use “cm 2. If desired.” not “7~9.” The serial comma is preferred: “A. acknowledgment. use the multiplication symbol “× ” not the letter “x”.. There is no period after the “et” in the abbreviation “et al . M.1 cm × 0. The word “data” is plural.” or “Using Eq. Do not use the word “essentially” to mean “approximately” or “effectively.>Symbols.. Note that the conclusion section is the last section of the paper that should be numbered.” The word “alternatively” is preferred to the word “alternately” (unless you really mean something that alternates). A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions.Authours_Last_Names.##. write “do not” instead of “don’t. more detailed style and formatting instructions can be found in the AIAA style guide.” “sub.” When compositions are not specified. we calculated the potential. different types are shown here for illustrative purposes only. Do not confuse “imply” and “infer. “principal investigator”) and “principle” (e. and C” instead of “A. you may write in the first person singular or plural and use the active voice (“I observed that…” or “We observed that…” instead of “It was observed that…”). ©YYYY. do not write “remnance” or “remnant. If you are using a print or PDF version of this document.” “micro.e. B. A. You are not required to indicate the type of reference. write “F. AIAA Style (available from AIAA upon request).5Mn0.” Avoid expressions such as “One of us (S. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper.A. Conclusion A conclusion section is not required.. (1)..

. and Force Control by Space Manipulators. 227-234. L. K. K.” Proceedings of the Annual Heat Transfer Conference.). References to electronic data available only from personal Web sites or commercial. Peyret. “Techniques for Collision Prevention. ISSN: 1916-1107. Vickers. 1872. and Control Conference. (ed. and Cambridge. neither insert nor delete dashes.. 6 . R. J. but the month (Nov. URL: http://www.) can be substituted if the issue number is not available. New York. Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics. G. neither the sponsor’s location nor the conference name and location are required. No state or country is required for major cities: New York.uk/bgrg/lab. although it is not mandatory. “A General Curvilinear Grid Generation Program for Projectile Configurations.” Journal of Corrosion Science and Engineering [online journal]. Of Mechanical Engineering. Thompson. 13-19 Jan. Reston.. 1. M. Washington. (ed. ©YYYY. 1) is preferred. Article_Title.. Do not include paper numbers in proceedings references. Richard. “10-110 mm/hr Hypodermic Gravity Design A. MA... 1. Use the complete date for daily and weekly publications. Impact Stability. J. Note that series titles are in roman type. 14. Paper 2.##. and Heavey. (##). S. G. E. their places should be as shown in the preceding examples. Atkins. Oct. AIAA.S. H. M. Corbell. AIAA Education Series. CP849. No. 11. 2. Fluid Mechanics Proceedings. Springer-Verlag.. Place of publication should be given. Cambridge. Terster. use a colon to separate the transactions title from the journal title. J. pp.” Rainfall Simulation Database [online database]. ## . Vol. W. 136. except for government agencies). J. 1986. 1. and Tobak. Transactions follow the same style as other journals. P.” AIAA Meeting Papers on Disc [CD-ROM]. Navigation. 11” in Ref. Skaar and C.. J. edited by S. 1996. F. Ruoff.. Boston Univ. 1993. and Kwok. “Use of Drag Probe in Supersonic Flow. D. Vatistas. and Scantelbury.” AIAA Journal. place. MD. “The Activity Coefficient of Sodium Chloride in a Simulated Pore Solution Environment. “Reverse Flow Radius in Vortex Chambers. “Nonlinear Problems in Flight Dynamics. C.html [cited 13 April 1998].uk/JCSE/vol1/vol1. Moscow. “Convective Heat Transfer in Radially Rotating Ducts. No. Vol. A differentiation must always be made between Cambridge.. Books Oates. Jr. name and location of publisher.. academic. Morris. 1. Chaps.D. Steger. Papers need only the name of the sponsor. The journal issue number (“No. Nietubicz.. proceedings must have the same information as other book references: paper (chapter) and volume title. Lin. New York.. Theses. C. AIAA. G. 2. and Operation. 1997. and date of publication are required for all books. England. 2nd ed. for military and company reports. T..” NASA TM-85940. Rept. NASA. 7. VA.. J. MA. CP or SP numbers (Conference Proceedings or Symposium Proceedings numbers) are also given.” Space News. C. 1989. Electronic Publications CD-ROM publications and regularly issued. 1.Authours_Last_Names. Frequently.” Teleoperation and Robotics in Space. 1984. Do not confuse proceedings references with conference papers. and Taylor. 1984.. “Nonlinear Green’s Function Method for Transonic Potential Flow.. Washington.htm [cited 15 March 1998]. AIAA. and pages or chapters cited. D... 1. editor (if applicable). pp. London. Publisher. AIAA. pp. 1994. if punctuation is necessary.ac. Computational Methods in Fluid Flow. No. No. C. 1983. dated electronic journals are permitted as references. 8.. pp. Aberdeen Proving Ground. Y. SP-255. G. New York. For reports such as NASA TM-85940. 1873. edited by B. pp. 24. Government agency reports do not require locations.ac. C. URL: http://www. C. 1983. Vol. 1992.. Aerothermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion. pp. “Spacecraft Thermal Control. Vol.” Ph. C. ARBRL-MR03142..le. DC. These elements are not necessary. and delete the conference location so that it is not confused with the publisher’s location (which is mandatory. 18. 1981. Aeronautics and Astronautics Dept. etc. Inst.). Tseng. Always include a city and state for universities. DC.geog... Design. D. Vol. and Fralick. 19. Army Ballistic Research Lab. but when provided.. A.” U. R. Archived data sets also may be referenced as long as the material is openly accessible and the repository is committed to archiving the data indefinitely. leave them as provided by the author.. T. All of the preceding information is required. or government ones where there is no commitment to archiving the data are not permitted (see Private Communications and Web sites). UK. Guelph Engineering Journal. Volpe. 175-212. Proceedings Chi. Reports. B. 103-115 At a minimum.” AIAA Guidance.cp/umist. and Individual Papers Chapman. Vol. “NASA Considers Switch to Delta 2. Dissertation.

Hamilton.” Name of Journal (to be published). (##). ISSN: 1916-1107. 7 . “Title of Paper. Ver.. J. “Title of Chapter. edited by… Publisher’s name and location (to be published). E. Guelph Engineering Journal. 1979. Patents Patents appear infrequently.. Patent Application for a “Vehicle. Scherrer. Break Web site addresses after punctuation. 1992. Unpublished works in an archive must include the name of the archive and the name and location of the university or other organization where the archive is held. S. Thermochemical and Physical Properties. ## . filed 11 Feb. If a journal paper or a book is being considered for publication choose the format that reflects the status of the work (depending upon whether it has been accepted for publication): Doe.. Web site references must always include a valid URL and the date accessed.S. Overholster.##. U. Lockheed Corp. CA. J. J.. Be sure to include the patent number and date.. They may be cited as references in some cases when the communication is with a person who is an authority on the subject being communicated and when the information is not published in any manner. R. Article_Title.0. Software Package. City. ©YYYY. Year (unpublished). OH. Microware. K. Always query for an update if a work is about to be published.” Docket No. and do not hyphenate at line breaks. P-01-1532. Private Communications and Web Sites Private communications can be defined as privately held unpublished letters or notes or conversations between an author and one or more individuals. Unpublished Papers and Books Unpublished works can be used as references as long as they are being considered for publication or can be located by the reader (such as papers that are part of an archival collection). Burbank.” Name of Book. Computer Software TAPP. “Title of Work. Univ. Always include the citation date for online references. 1. Also include any cataloging information that may be provided. Doe.Authours_Last_Names. Include a version number and the company name and location of software packages. (or organization) Name.” Name of Archive. State. Doe. and Watson. D...

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