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# Section B

Sum of two or more forces to oroduce one resultant force 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bottle in liquid Q floats lower Weight and the buoyant force are equal and the same in both cases. Density of liquid P is higher. As the density of liquid decreases,the lower the bottle floats. When density of liquid decreasesthe volume of liquid displaced increases to oroduce the same buovant force. When force is applied to piston A, pressure is produced and transmitted uniformly throughout the liquid towards piston B // Pascal's Principle Pressure multiply by the surface are of piston B will produce the output force that lif, load M. Cross-sectional area ofpiston A is smaller than piston B to produce large output force

1. 2. 3. 4.

(c)

Suggestion Fix a long handle on piston A Equip the hydraulic jack valves Use released valves Piston A is made smaller // Piston B bigger with

Reason Small force can produce bigger force/torque to press piston A Liquid can flow in one direction and does not back flow Liquid flow back to the storage reservoir To produce large output force

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Does not evaporate easily // Does not flow out easily // Prevent from rust Total

Oil is liquid

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(al

Doping is a process ofadding a certain amount ofspecific impurities to semiconductors to increasetheir conductivity. . . . . . Diagram 10.1, thep end ofdiode is connectedto negativeterminal ofdry cell. // Diagram 10.2 the p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell. Bulb in Diagram 10.1 does not lights up. No cunent flow in Diagram 10.1 // Cunent flow in Diagram 10.2 The bulb will lights up when thep end of diode is connectedto the positive terminal of dry cell./l Vice versa Current only flow in the circuit when p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell or in forward bias.

(b)

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(c)

(D

Draw correct symbol and correct direction I

(ii)

Draw smooth waveform Capasitors store charge when current flow. Capasitor discharge when current does not flow 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. LDR is replace by termistor/diagram Resistancedecreasewhen temperafure increase. Termistor is place at R,and R, replace LDR/diagram So that V across R. increase when the room is hot Relay switch replace LED To switch on secondary circuit/to switch on the fan Fans are arranged parallel All fans received 240 V power supply/other fans still functioning even though one fan did not function 9. Resistor connected to the base oftransistor 10. Limit the cufrent to the transistor Total

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(d)

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SectionC

The Principle of Conservation of Momentum,/Energy . . . . . When the ball on one end is pulled up and let to fall, it strikes the second ball which is at rest and comes to a dead stop. The momentum of the ball becomesze.roas its velocity is zero. The Principle of Conservation of Momentum statesthat in a collision between two objects the total momentum ofthe objects in the system remains unchanged. The enerry and momentum fiom the fiist ball is transferred to the second ball and then transmitted through dre balls at rest to the ball on the other end. Because the momentum and energy is maintained in this system, the ball on the opposite side will move at the same velocity as the ball that were in initial motion (Any four)

(c)

The balls touch each other

This will reduce lossesof energy which will reduce the speed of the balls.

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The type of material used to make the balls is steel

Steel balls are hard and producehighly elastic throughthe collision.Energycaneasilypropagates balls. intermediate
This string arrangements restricts the ball's movements to the same plane. High position ofthe ball, high potential enerry and will change to high kinetic energy.The last end ball will swing at higher speed.

Two strings used to hang eachball
The position of the ball to start the oscillation

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The most suitable design is Q becausethe balls touch each other, made from steel, use two strings attached to each ball and the initial position ofthe ball is high. (d) (i)

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: ( 5X 0. 8) + (3 X0 ) 0 + (3 )v ,
r z: l.3 3 m sl I

m r u , I m ;t, =

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(iiD

mtvt - m2u2

o - (0.05x0.8)
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-0.04 force: Ort lmpulsive = 0. 8N
Total

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(a)

(D (ii)

Refraction
Wave move from deeper to shallow area. The wavelength decrease. The speed decrease. The direction of wave bends towards normal. Characteristics Reason Wave is calmer Stronger//Lasting Prevent hish wave

A

(b)

Bay
Concrete retaining wall High wall

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Smaller openingl aperfisre/ Diffraction obvious // Low wave energl slit of retaining wall P (c) (i) At bay, 6oncrete retaining wall, high wall and smaller slit

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: (ii)
t/-

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7.5 Hz

V l,

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0.5 x 7.5 3.75cm Total

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