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MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO. SECOND TERM SECOND YEAR (4TH TERM) B.E.(PETROLEUM & N.GAS) REGULAR EXAMINATION 2007 OF 06-BATCH PROPERTIES OF RESERVOIR FLUID Dated: 01-12-2007. Time Allowed: 03 Hours. NOTE: ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS. Q.No 1 (a) What is Hydrate Formation. How it can be removed at surface and subsurface environment. (b) A certain natural gas has a specific gravity of 0.693 if the gas is a 50 oF, what would be the pressure above which hydrate could be expected to form? (c) A gas of specific gravity 0.8 is at a pressure of 1000 Psia. To what extent can the temperature be lowered without hydrate formation assuming presence of free water? 2 (a) What fluid properties are important for reservoir and production data and their correlations? Discuss compressibility, gas formation volume factor and gas viscosity with different correlation and mathematical expression. (b) Calculate the volume occupied by 1 lb mole of the natural gas at 120oF and 1500 Psia. 3 Reservoir fluid properties measured at 10% brine saturated with natural gas at 3000 Psia and 200oF. Estimate the following properties of graphical methods: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 4 Density of oil field water Coefficient of isothermal compressibility Formation volume factor Solubility of natural gas Water content of natural gas Max.Marks 80

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Explain the following with reference to figures: (a) (b) (c) (d) Pure component system Binary component system Multi-component system Retrograde condensation 04 04 04 04 Cont'd onP/-2.

(-2-) 5 (a) Calculate crude oil density that rigorously taken from the following three different experimental measured PVT data at specified pressure and temperature by Standing correlation: Sample No Rs(SCF/STB) Bo(bbl/STB) Yg Yo T(oF) 1 751 1.528 0.851 0.611 250 2 768 1.474 0.855 0.656 220 3 693 1.529 0.911 0.598 260 The following experimental PVT data on three different crude oil system: o Sample No Temperature API 1 250 47.1 2 220 40.7 3 260 48.6 Using the above data to calculate Dead oil viscosity by Glasos correlations. 6 (a) (b) Describe in general terms the origins and mechanisms which generate overpressured and under-pressured reservoir. Differentiate the following: (i) Pressure Gradient and Hydrostatic Pressure (ii) Normal Pressure and Abnormal Pressure (iii) Geostatic Pressure and Fracture Pressure Why Fluid Sampling is important for petroleum engineering? Explain primary methods of Sampling. Write down merits and demerits of surface and sub-surface sampling. The volume of molecules are insignificants and that has no molecular attraction or repulsion exists between them. Prove above statement with mathematical expressions. Prove mathematically gas liquid equilibria with proper terms and symbols. ---------------THE END----------------10 06 08

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