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Efficient heat removal is very important for proper working of system components and to avoid damaging them due to over heating or burning. Many methods have been devised to ensure the smooth removal of excessive heat and research is still going on to improve heat transfer methods to make them more efficient. Extended surfaces are one of the most commonly used methods for heat removal as they increase the surface area exposed to the surrounding thus increasing heat transfer. The study in this field has further proved that shape modifications of fins can further enhance the heat transfer and additionally can make them light, thus providing good heat removal rate while saving on cost. The following study emphasis on the heat transfer by natural convection from a fin by rectangular perforations with aspect ratio of two.


First the Biot number is calculated in z and y direction to make sure that heat transfer is negligible in these directions. The differential equation governing the temperature distribution in extended surfaces is used and simplifying it as cross sectional area is constant gives

It is established that the heat dissipation from a fin for solid and perforated one depends on fin surface area and heat transfer coefficients. The average value of heat transfer coefficients of the solid fin surface in natural convection is given by H= Nu.k(air)/L

Convection coefficients of solid portion of perforated surface, , the one within the perforation and at the tip can be found out by finding Nusselts numbers at the respective geometries. To investigate the performance the ration of heat dissipation of perforated fin to that of solid one is found out. RQF=Q(pf)/Q(sf) Where Q(pf) is determined by finite heat analysis and Q (sf) is found out by using exact solution.

It is assumed that both fins have the same dimensions (the fin length is L= 50 mm and its width is W = 200 mm), same thermal conductivity, same base temperature (T 100oC b = ) and same ambient temperature (T = 20oC ). The results can be seen in the graphs below.

The study shows that for certain values of perforations result in enhancement of heat dissipation. The magnitude of enhancement is proportional to the fin thickness and thermal conductivity. Furthermore the gain in heat enhancement depends upon perforation dimension and fin spacing. The optimum values of these are denoted by b0 and Sy0. Not only do these perforations increase the heat loss transfer to the surrounding but also result in decrease in weight of the fin.

REFERNCE: Enhancement of natural convection heat transfer from afin by rectangular perforations with aspect ratio of two Abdullah H. AlEssa1*, Ayman M. Maqableh1 and Shatha Ammourah.