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ENSC 283 Week # 4, Tutorial # 3 Hydrostatic Forces

Problem 1: In the figure the surface AB is a

circular arc with a radius of 2 m. The

distance DB is 4 m. If water is the liquid

supported by the surface and if atmospheric

pressure prevails on the other side of AB,

determine the magnitude and line of action

of the resultant hydrostatic force on AB per

unit length.

Solution

Step 1: Write out what you are required to solve for (this is so you dont

forget to answer everything the question is asking for)

Find:

the magnitude and line of action of the hydrostatic force F on AB

Step 2: Prepare a data table

Data Value Unit

B 4 m

r 2 m

Water

2 m

O

z

x

4 m

D

B

C

A

M. Bahrami ENSC 283 Tutorial # 3 2

Step 3: Calculations

The vertical component is equal to the weight of water in volume AOCDB:

w

0CB

= y A

0CB

1 = _981u

N

m

3

] (4 m)(2 m)(1 m) = 78.48u kN

(Eq1)

w

A0B

= y A

A0B

1 = y _

1

4

nr

2

] 1 = _981u

N

m

3

]

n

4

(2 m)

2

(1 m)

= Su.819 kN

(Eq2)

Therefore, the vertical component is:

F

v

= w

0CB

+ w

A0B

= 1u9.299 kN (Eq3)

The line of action of the vertical component acts through the centroid of the

volume of water considered above, and this is calculated by taking moments

about the z-axis.

F

v

. x

Cu

= w

0CB

. x

Cu,1

+ w

A0B

. x

Cu,2

= (78.48u kN)(1 m) + (Su.819 kN) _

4 2

Sn

m]

= 1u4.64u kNm

(Eq4)

x

Cu

=

1u4.64u kNm

1u9.299 kN

= u.9S74 m

(Eq5)

Note: x

Cu,1

and x

Cu,2

= 4r(Sn) are the centroidal distances of 0CB

and A0B with respect to the z-axis, respectively.

The magnitude of the horizontal component can be expressed as:

F

H

= yb

Cu

A

po]

= _981u

N

m

3

] (S m)(2 m

2

) = 98.1 kN

(Eq6)

The location of the line of action of the horizontal component is given by:

M. Bahrami ENSC 283 Tutorial # 3 3

y

CP,po]

= -

I

xx

sin0

b

Cu

A

po]

= -

[

1

12

(1 m)(2 m)

3

sin9u

(S m)(2 m

2

)

= -u.u667 m

(Eq7)

Note that y

CP,po]

is calculated with respect to the center of A

po]

, therefore,

CP,po]

= -1 m - u.u667 m = -1.u667 m (Eq8)

where,

CP,po]

is the location with respect to the x-axis.

The resultant hydrostatic force is:

F = (F

H

2

+ F

v

2

)

12

= |(98.1 kN)

2

+ (1u9.299 kN)

2

]

12

= 146.867 kN

(Eq9)

This resultant force is shown in the following figure.

114 . 1

1 . 98

299 . 109

tan

1 . 48

It should be considered that the resultant force acts along z = -(tan0) x.

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