REPORT

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WASEIINQTON:
G O V E R N Y E N T ISELINTINO O F F I O E .

1808.

REPORT

LIBRARIAN OF CONGltESS

REPORT

LIBBABIAN OF C O N G R E S S .
SlH : 111nccoldatlw with t11e standing instruction8 of the Joint COU111ittee the Libnlry, the u~ldemigned the honor to present hie annual on has report, setting fort11 tho cn~tditio~~ libm~y the year ending of the for Ihwcunber 1,186s. The annual etrulnc.mtiol~ t l ~ o k n , jwt completed, yreaenta an of h tlg,nl.ebate of 173,063 volumes, usclu~ive n l ~ h u n d of pamphlete, periodi~ 1mn.nuscript mntellnls, nlld nlnpa Of this alnou~~t 4 4 , 24,668 volumes nrc in tho law clepnrtment of tho libmry. The ncceesions of books during tBc: year ~ ~ ~ d I)ec*mhr 1haw arnoi~ntecl 8,4W vol~unea, irtg to which h e w INVII r~cldccl tllv lihn11-y fko111 vfirioiiu woiimen irdicatPd lwlow : to the

1 % ~ l,lll~ll*~! ............................................... 3,208 13y tltca ol~rnt~iorl tllu wpyriglrt 1nw.n.. ..................... 16: of ,8! 1 % ~ clrl~~nit the Hmithwnim 111atihititn1 of ................... I , 921 Hy ~~rmentntion, (rhidly c~flkid tleannlc-nta). .................. 90:) lig c~sc.ll~m~vn. ............................................ i$4

Volno1ea.

Jott1l ................................................ S,4M .--Thin nggregatc! in crcltlniva of n h u t 2,m lnt~nl,bletn. Tile receipts of books nncl otl~er p~~blicntions nuder thcb c.ol,p~.igh 111ws of tllc. li~litecl Stntcrs 11at-e1w11 follllan-M ns tliiring tlld poet ymr:
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X111rhc.r of 11im'n of 11111wia.. ................................ I, Mil Ynmlwr of cnfflavil~q l)J~otognllO~s.. tlrlfi .................... :MY

TIICpluvinio~~ I :I ivcloi~-i~lg of :i trolly of cknc11 pu Wict~tio~~wllial~I for I cyq~~'~ight r t d under tllc*lawnof tho U n i t ~ Htatcs to be clelmitetl in p l ill tllr rtnticml~l lil~nly-, of p n t iallmr$nln!e. lTi~clc~l. ~ ~ n l ~ n a l n ~ r ~ l t in tllr

4

PEWWT OF THE I~IUHAPLAI OF COXOBB6k

of thee Inw m-llicll waut i1lt4)atiiy1t Febl?ltlry 18, lX(17, imnlwuiug tr l)(?llt~lt;\. for acglcwt. to eo1111)ly wit11 t l ~ c rc~l~liuitio~l, e ~ v been irceivecl e t l ~ has larply iacr~~rilwcrl 1,n)lwl-tioil o f A l l ~ e r i c s ~ ~ pllblimtio~la No iusten~e of i b ncu.tvxtzity for tllc- c!~~fo~r.cbme~~t pel~t~lty of t.llc? lrgd~lst delinq~~e~it pnblinllc-1s llnw yt-t cw~~t~mul. tlle~tatntr? Yet 1-efcfi-ec1to is RO tkr frOm bei~lg 11 lu~lf:i~ct~i~~g 11111lt.itnt1cn ~)~~blicatio~lnl)artx of tlle cwaaol~c, t.11i1t of in a l k1 try arrc aever f ~ l ~ i u n lt4)e ~ l libri~ry ~ t.110 1111til ~ f k t11~ t r ofticin1 demand pix,i l l t i in . I -I I l c Thin iu?cl~liws I I C R R S I\igilanw, . ~ ~~~~ not. only t4) o b h i ~ ~ trntllcl~ticoviil@llcc+ 1 1 w p y ~ i g l ~issued in tllc of 1 1 ta ~ ~ u n ~ c ~jucliciall dint.rieta of tho U~liteol rol~x 8t41tv~. l111t to transmit t.l~c! quirritc? ~~otic.ce 11 tleli11q11011t t4, 11 proprieto~u c.opyright8,e.l1clto rrcorcl of tho ~ r ~ w ~ l tWit11 t l ~ cut,most cliligel~e~ in ft)nl~dirlll)l1ldttit!d~~e. n, it to WCIIIV for tho libraq n,llcolyrigl~t pul~licntio~a t n.m im~~ctl. large t11n. A ~nwln,~-tioll Aniuiicul~publim.tion8 t 1 . 1 ~culq-iigl~ted ~ W ~ I other of by I R t11:ui t.110 p~~l~liqllere, t . 1 residellcx! (of nllcll lwiwns it. is fmluelltly n,nd ~ in~lmmmiblc:to t ~ m i ~ ~ i Other wwka nlv irreued in 1,1aw iemote h l n il. tllir kwat. c.itics, alad it in fount1 tllnt n ~ c ! s st4) t.11~ c~pyrigI~t.n'coi& of nt?rcmll Stiites (ctq~c~i;llly elldl ns moko 110 h?t,uii~n the Patent Oftic* of to ill \I'aw!li~lgton) in difficldt. nnd osl~ei~uive. Still, t . 1 nndemigued l l ~ n ~ renlw)~~,hlicye t.lltlt newly nll iniportrtnnlit to pnl~liet~.tio~lu, a p i w ~ ~ ) r t i o ~ ~ ant1 escxYxIing tlliu!-fonrths of 11 l)uMio(1tiona colyrightcd uwder t.l~e 11 hv, 31ir? iw!iw-rtl n t t.l~ie libiury. When it is considered that tlle I m b t.hua derlmiteclt~w. c.:~ti~logicel opened to fllc IIEC trnd iefaenw of all visitt111e1 cilu to t.l~cb lihrnq-, n ~ l d t.11ntt.lle go\*erlima~t t.11~ of United Statea rendem IIOW t.ll;n~ eqld\*nlclltill t.110b ~ a n ~ l ~ t e a oxclu@veright of publirli of an ortioll, it i x ~rnitllka~ble t.lie& nho~lldbe a.11~ that deieliction 011 thc part r ~ l,ublisl~em con~plj-iag in n4t.h the terms of tile lnw. Haul of n ~ l t h o t~ncl nuc11 ir p~nx-i~ion enfomd sincc the foundntion of t.he govei~~ment., bw11 slid t.110 p~~Mica\iol~n received tmnaured q , they now n i r , in a tllurr , an flrc-1n.cmf 1~1)o~itoi-y; mI10u1d pom?sa B libmry of t l ~ e wt v* Uliiterl S t ~ ~ t m r c l ~ ~ n tt-llc. coml,lete prod~~ct.the lilncrimli mind ill evcry departi ~ ~ g of I I I C I I ~of w i c ~ ~ w ? .'likmtuie. Tlut. IIO si~cli auol prow~iaionof I w htw.ever nv lw,~ :~ct.~u~lly c~~~forctxl, nvithin the paat. thlrc? 01. fonr yeurn, l n l ~ t nntil rclunill cr ROIW of lmrmnnent regret to a11 wvl~o nwam of t l ~ e nrc 1milial111blo e1111nlcterof t . 1 llltlwa of booka, and tile \-a1110 of (mrnpleten~w mn~ of tetialn t ~ ] rcwml~. ally Tho na~~uttl ca.ts1ope of t.ho librury for the yoar 1868 in aow p t ~ w i ~ ~ g tllmngh the. l,nhw. I pnblimtion ww-18 necewrily withheld mitil tl~c* b h k of ~ ,vctll; illeluding ell new ~nl>lim~t.ionx to D e c w ~ ~ ~nt, r the np Ih m-c~.c, ~-ey't.i\-cclR I I ~ i~~corpomted it. It will also ineludo the ~ n wilnin t 1~)&.1lt. 1mrtio11~ iv~nail~iug u~lprinted tlie titlca of the Smithsonim of library nnd tho FOIV~ collection. The lnbi- of cstaloping the grest ludy of lmml>lllctr,nckdecl to t,he librav by them recent acqnieitionu is n o r mewe t l r ~ half armpl&d, Lmt it. is p r o m ta M e r the prhtia(r l d tlrtm, fix ~ ~ u m rmsdly nntil tllt isnrre d the next geaerd a , h l L kgtcr @f the l i h r y . mia work ah& be mtemd upon dwhg t k
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BEPOBT OF THE LLBWIAN OF CONORE84.

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coming year, ill order to i n s ~ its publictltioi~ e within n maml~able lwrid. Since the issue of the last general cstalogue, in lW, the numerical ~ 0 1 1 tents of the library hare been mnch more t,hs11 clonbled. Follr R I ~ I I ~ I ~ ? ~ supplementary crrtalognea (not. il~cludingthe one now ia 1,mRd)' 1 1 ~ ( . been printed. A wpy of ail thcw, together with the law sul,l,lemeat~, n11d forming nine alpl~abeb all, han been cmmbinecl wit11 the pneml ill uetalogne i a single alphabet for use atnl mference ia the library, rul(l n it i fonnd to be of ,p-eat and incliapeasable vnlne. But it dcws uot, ills dllde the many thoasmds of prtmpl~leh lately ncquiA, atre1 a8 bat O I I ~ copy of it exists, it Inwit be placed in print before it can h o m e larfiely luwful to C o n p s or to t-hepublic conuulting the libmry. The iwne of n wmplete genr~nlcatalogue, ns frequently an once in elrev5f.e or nix years, ia cleomecl nemc~sary order to m ~ p n d the j11Rt demslltl~of in to retulers upon n great and rnpidlg growing library. 8inm the lnat snnllal relmrt of tlle ~mcleraipecl, tlla p~inting the of nlphrrlxtic~d antalogue of nubject~ been camlneneecl, and is finiuhecl llna 11 to t l v letter G, mnkil~g 1Yag:c.R alrendy printed. The press-work 13 313 n p n tl~iu IIUW (:~talogue, 111tl101lgl1 lnlw11 retarded by the itece~iQof c.alvfid HIICI ncelu-ate arraligemcnt of material, in nterrclily proc&dimg,and I& few 111o1lt.h~ more will witnew it* eompletio~l. Tlle portion already ill ~)rillt rendcln it lnrgel;\-wef111ill tlel-elopiag the reRonrca of the libmqill mfmy imlwrkbnt clel>artmmtqant1 itn final 1-nlne to d who Gonlcl ~ I I l wlllt ~ I I R co1lect.iotl u1m11any nnl?ject cn11 Ilnrdlp IN* ovelb-errtimatecl. The nncxlwnilecl hlanct~s tllc wwml ~ I I ( \ill ellarge of the ('olnof U rlittm at thin tlntr. art. the f o l l o w i ~ ~ ~ : J ~ I I Ititr l ~ a ~ v l of a n ~ I~ ~ 1)ookn.. ............................ Pnl~cl pr~n?l~nwc-I n r Imjkn.. ........................ for of IPIIII(I ~nucl~nwrr ~wricwlirnlw for of ......................... I ~ U filscnl~tirlfitat II~ expllmw of tllc. liblnry ............... ( 41ttrlog11c* f1111d. ......................................... ' 1g1111d for 111t- taxpIIwnof C S ( : ~ I I I I ~ ~1)11l>li~ ~ ' ~ l i n ~ l l t % . ~ I I ~ dt ... 1~1111d ~l'lla~llle~lti~lg ti)r the Capitol with n-orkn of MI-t. ...... ' L ~ I I I I tiw ~wnl~mitn P S - ~ ) I V R ~ td~ tlle~U11itt~1 ~ of ~ I I ~ Staten.. .. l~'1111d l't~\ve~ll'n for 1minti11~ 1111a1va11 o f victory, for tlw C!apittll Pllald for (wlnpl(.ting the plll~lic.stioll tbc- c-xlilori~~gx p of e clitio~l. ............................................... Ignllcl for ply of atnrvlrn to m~tlrarn IIII~I alrtixtcc of tllc*c*G)ltwillg c~x1w.clitio11 ........................................ I?IIII(~for ~al)Ialt*i~lg1 ~ t 1 work# of tllc t * x p l t ~ r i ~ x ~ w ~ l i t i o ~ ~ ~ ~ clentivyc.cl I)y fllr ...................................... Ylll~clfi)r put.til~g onlcr tllct lflc~tc-lr tllv c*xl)lt~rirg ill of cbxlrbclitiot~ ................................................ Hotaaia Ganlce fi~iltl.................................... Greenhorn filmnl (pay of htnih~ltnrilct, &.). .............. F a d for the uHHFknwtion o cr ~ w m ~ ~ h c w m - . f r ...........

Tllc. c~xc.lu~~~~vw elenrl~~lc~ntnt . 1 ~ of pllblic! of Ullited Ytatos for the plb lie-rtiol~n folrig11p)vc~r~r~llelltn, of clc~aigllal the increa~e the , tia of i l lla\-c*~ ~ l e 1)11tlittle pm9lr?rwn yet, owil~go the m n t period of the eh~ w t 1mssilgche)f jvillt r n ~ u ~ l l ~nl)(111 t 1 1 ~ tlleb t i o ~ ~ nubject, anel the f a d that 110 tltw!llmc.rltw 11alveye4 IWII p~illtcrl lrrltl ~)lauwl the disposal of the Comnt i t I I I i l . Coneiclernl)k!cmntribntionu to the library have, 110\-~ve~r. I Y ~ P E ~ Vfrnm w\-ern1foreign go\~msnenta, 1m.11 N~ especially f b m tltun. of lk~rr~iil, Hwculra a~llel Xorrny, 8pai11, Chili, and tbe ftee city of I lil1lll)llrg. A. It. HPOFFORD, Ihricru.