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SRAN3.

0 BSC6900 Product Description

Issue Date

V1.4

2012-02-29

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the commercial contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or partial products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchased scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise agreed by the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided AS IS without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base Bantian, Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China Website: Email: http://www.huawei.com support@huawei.com

SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Contents
1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1 Positioning ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 1.2 Benefits ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 Architecture .................................................................................................................................... 9
2.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................................... 9 2.2 Hardware Architecture ................................................................................................................................... 10 2.3 Software Architecture ..................................................................................................................................... 17 2.4 Reliability ....................................................................................................................................................... 18

3 Configurations ............................................................................................................................. 22
3.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 22 3.2 Hardware Configuration Specifications in BM/TC Combined Mode ............................................................ 23 3.3 Hardware Configuration Specifications in BM/TC Separated Mode ............................................................. 24 3.4 Hardware Configuration Specifications in A over IP Mode ........................................................................... 26

4 Operation and Maintenance ..................................................................................................... 28


4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 28 4.2 Benefits .......................................................................................................................................................... 29

5 Technical Specification .............................................................................................................. 32


5.1 Technical Specifications ................................................................................................................................. 32 5.2 Compliance Standards .................................................................................................................................... 36

6 Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................... 39

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1
1.1 Positioning

Introduction

This product description is applicable to the BSC6900 V900R011. With the rapid development of mobile communications technologies, multiple network systems come into coexistence. In this situation, the network operators worldwide have to deploy different networks and therefore pay high capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operation expenditure (OPEX). Therefore, the industry has been focusing on the convergence of multiple network systems to reduce the expenditures of the operators. The BSC6900 is an important network element (NE) of Huawei SingleRAN solution. It adopts the industry-leading multiple radio access technologies (RATs), IP transmission mode, and modular design. In addition, it is integrated with the functions of the UMTS RNC and GSM BSC, efficiently maintaining the trend of multi-RAT convergence in the mobile network. The BSC6900 can be flexibly configured as a BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 UMTS, or BSC6900 GU as required in different networks. The BSC6900 in independent mode refers to the BSC6900 GSM or the BSC6900 UMTS whereas the BSC6900 in integrated mode refers to the BSC6900 GU. The BSC6900 GU operates as an independent NE to access the GSM&UMTS network and integrates the functions of the GSM BSC and the UMTS RNC. When the BSC6900 GU accesses the GSM network, the 3GPP R6 applies; when the BSC6900 GU accesses the UMTS network, the 3GPP R7 applies. This document describes the BSC6900 in integrated mode, that is, the BSC6900 GU. Figure 1-1 shows the BSC6900 GU.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Figure 1-1 BSC6900 GU

The BSC6900 GU connects to the core networks and manages the base stations in the GSM and UMTS networks. Figure 1-2 shows the position of the BSC6900 GU in the network. Figure 1-2 Position of the BSC6900 GU in the network

BSC Iub NodeB Abis BSC6900 GU UE Uu/Um BTS Iub /Abis Dual-mode BTS Gb/Iu-PS Cb/Iu-BC A/Iu-CS

CS core network

PS core network

CBC

The interfaces between the BSC6900 GU and each NE in the UMTS network are as follows:
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Iub: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the NodeB Iur: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the RNC Iu-CS: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the Mobile Switching Center (MSC) or Media Gateway (MGW)
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Iu-PS: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) Iu-BC: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the Cell Broadcast Center (CBC)

These interfaces are standard interfaces, through which equipment from different vendors can be interconnected. The interfaces between the BSC6900 GU and each NE in the GSM network are as follows:
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Abis: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the BTS A: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the Mobile Switching Center (MSC) or Media Gateway (MGW) Gb: the interface between the BSC6900 GU and the Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN)

The A and Gb interfaces are standard interfaces, through which the equipment from different vendors can be interconnected. The BSC6900 GU performs functions such as radio resource management, base station management, power control, and handover control.

1.2 Benefits
Flexible Topologies, Smooth Evolution, and Outstanding Capability in Multi-RAT Convergence
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The BSC6900 can be flexibly configured as a BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 UMTS, or BSC6900 GU; therefore, it is applicable to various networking scenarios. The BSC6900 can be configured as one of the three variants, facilitating the smooth evolution between GSM, GSM&UMTS, and UMTS. The functions of the BSC6900 boards can be set online to dynamically adjust the capacity allocation between the GSM network and the UMTS network.

The BSC6900 is compatible with the hardware of the BSC6810 and BSC6000. Through software loading, the BSC6810 and BSC6000 in the existing network can be upgraded to the BSC6900.

High Integration and Capacity


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The BSC6900 adopts the switching system based on IP and TDM. It provides a maximum capacity of 60 Gbits/s data switching on the IP plane and 128 kbit/s x 128 kbit/s data switching on the TDM plane. The new BSC6900 board uses the multi-core processor, which greatly improves the processing capability. The BSC6900 supports the device resource pool in the entire system. It provides a maximum capacity of 19,500 Erl for CS services and 12,000 active PDCHs for PS services. In addition, the throughput on the Gb interface reaches 768 Mbit/s.

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Improved Utilization of Transmission Bandwidth Through Sharing of Transmission Resources


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The BSC6900 provides the highly efficient transmission resource management algorithm, which enables the transmission bandwidth to be shared between the GSM network and the UMTS network. In this way, the utilization of transmission bandwidth increases by 5% to 10%. The IP interface board of the BSC6900 is shared between the GSM network and UMTS network so that it can transmit the GSM data and the UMTS data at the same time. The BSC6900 supports the following flexible transmission modes shared between the GSM network and the UMTS network:

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Abis/Iub over IP 2G/3G co-transmission based on TDM timeslot switching A/Iu-CS over IP Gb/Iu-PS over IP

Compatible Hardware in Different Networks


The BSC6900 shares a hardware platform with the BSC6000 and BSC6810. Nearly 80% of the BSC6900 boards can be shared among the three variants.
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The BSC6900 shares all the hardware and software of the radio resource management (RRM) module, OM module, and clock synchronization module with the BSC6000 and BSC6810. The BSC6900 shares the hardware of most of the service processing modules, signaling processing modules, and interface processing modules with the BSC6000 and BSC6810. In addition, the working mode of the boards can be set online.

The BSC6900 maximizes the sharing of the spare parts between the GSM network and the UMTS network, simplifying the management of the spare parts and protecting the equipment investment.

Reduced OPEX Through Shared OM System


The BSC6900 integrates the two separate OM systems of the traditional GSM network and UMTS network into a uniform OM system, improving the user experience and the efficiency in maintaining the multi-RAT system. The BSC6900 uses the web-based Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) without the need to install the client software. You can directly use the LMT after logging in to the BSC6900 homepage. The use of LMT facilitates the equipment commissioning and software upgrade and reduces the OM cost.

Expanded Network Capacity Through Optimized CoRRM Algorithm


The Co-Radio Resource Management (CoRRM) algorithm performs unified management and intelligent scheduling on the radio resources in the GSM network and UMTS network. The traditional CoRRM algorithm exchanges the 2G/3G load information between the GSM network and the UMTS network through signaling procedures across the core networks. The

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CoRRM algorithm optimized by Huawei enables rapid transmission of 2G/3G load information (used as internal messages) within the BSC6900. The advantages are as follows:
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Having no dependency on the equipment in the core network Reducing delay, adjusting the load in real time, and increasing the success rate of inter-RAT handovers Decreasing the signaling flow on the standard interface and saving interface resources

The optimized CoRRM algorithm maximizes the sharing of radio resources between the GSM network and the UMTS network, increasing the network capacity.

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2
2.1 Overview

Architecture

The BSC6900 GU has a modular design. It enhances resource utilization and system reliability by fully interconnecting subracks and applying distributed resource pools to manage the service processing units. The backplane is universal and every slot is common to different types of boards so that different functions can be performed. In this way, the universality and evolution capability of the hardware platform are improved. The BSC6900 GU integrates the functions of the BSC6900 GSM and the BSC6900 UMTS through unified software management, shared OMU and GCU/GCG, and configuration of GSM service boards and UMTS service boards in separate subracks. The MPS can be a GSM subrack or a UMTS subrack, and works as an NE. Figure 2-1 Configuration of the BSC6900 GU (example)

EPS (UMTS) EPS (GSM)

EPS (UMTS) EPS (UMTS)

MPS (GSM)
MPR

EPS (GSM)
EPR

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2.2 Hardware Architecture


2.2.1 Cabinets
The BSC6900 GU uses the standard N68E-22 cabinet and N68-21-N cabinet. The design complies with the IEC60297 and IEEE standards. In terms of the subrack configuration, the BSC6900 GU cabinet is classified into the main processing rack (MPR), extended processing rack (EPR), and transcoder rack (TCR), as described in Table 2-1. If the number of subracks configured in the cabinet is less than three, the subracks should be configured from the bottom up. Table 2-1 Classification of BSC6900 GU cabinets Cabinet MPR EPR TCR Contained Subrack 1 MPS, 02 EPSs 13 EPSs 13 TCSs Configuration Principle Only one MPR is configured. As required by the actual service capacity, 01 EPR is configured. In BM/TC separated mode, 02 TCRs are configured.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Figure 2-2 BSC6900 GU cabinet

Power distribution box Filler panel

Subrack

Air defence subrack

Subrack

Air defence subrack

Subrack

Filler panel Filler panel

2.2.2 Subracks
In compliance with the IEC60297 standard, the BSC6900 GU subrack has a standard width of 19 inches. The height of each subrack is 12 U. The boards are installed on the front and rear sides of the backplane, which is positioned in the center of the subrack. One subrack provides 28 slots. The slots on the front of the subrack are numbered from 0 to 13, and those on the rear are numbered from 14 to 27. Figure 2-3 shows the front view and rear view of the subrack.

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Figure 2-3 Front view (left) and rear view (right) of the subrack

The BSC6900 GU subracks are classified into main processing subrack (MPS), extended processing subrack (EPS), and transcoder subrack (TCS), as described in Table 2-2. Table 2-2 Classification of BSC6900 GU subracks Subrack MPS Quantity 1 Function The MPS performs centralized switching and provides service paths for other subracks. It also provides the service processing interface, OM interface, and system clock interface. The EPS performs the functions of user plane processing and signaling control. The TCS processes CS services and performs the functions of voice adaptation and code conversion.

EPS TCS

0-5 0-4 The TCS is configured only in BM/TC separated mode.

2.2.3 Boards
The BSC6900 GU boards can be classified into the OM board, switching processing board, clock processing board, signaling processing board, service processing board, and interface processing board, as described in Table 2-3.

The BSC6900 V900R011 is added with the following new boards: SPUb, XPUb, DPUe, AOUc, FG2c, GOUc, POUc, and UOIc. Other boards are inherited from the BSC6000 R8 and BSC6810 V200R011, and they can be used directly after the BSC6000 or BSC6810 is upgraded to the BSC6900 GU. In this document, the new boards of the BSC6900 V900R011 are referred to as BSC6900R11 boards, and other boards are referred to as BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 boards.

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Table 2-3 Classification of BSC6900 GU boards Board Type OM board Board Name OMUa Function
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Application Variant The OMUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS.

Performs configuration management, performance management, fault management, security management, and loading management for the BSC6900. Works as the OM bridge of the LMT/M2000 to provide the BSC6900 OM interface for the LMT/M2000 and to enable the communication between the BSC6900 and the LMT/M2000. Works as the interface to provide the web-based online help. Provides MAC/GE switching and enables the convergence of ATM and IP networks. Provides data switching channels. Provides system-level or subrack-level configuration and maintenance. Distributes clock signals for the BSC6900.

Switching processing board

SCUa

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The SCUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS.

TNUa

Provides the TDM switching and serves as the center of the circuit switched domain.
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Assigns the resources of the TDM network and establishes the network connection. Provides the communication processing on the GE port.

The TNUb board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and the BSC6900 GU.

Clock processing board

GCUa

Obtains the system clock source, performs the functions of phase-lock and holdover, and provides clock signals.
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GCGa

Obtains the system clock source, performs the functions of phase-lock and holdover, and provides clock signals. Receives and processes the GPS signals.

The GCUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The GCGa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS.

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Board Type Signaling processing board

Board Name SPUa

Function Manages user plane and signaling plane resources in the subrack and processes signaling. Differences: The SPUa board processes the signaling on the GSM/UMTS signaling plane. The XPUa board processes the signaling on the GSM signaling plane.

Application Variant The SPUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU. The XPUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU. The SPUb board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The XPUb board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU.

XPUa

SPUb

Manages user plane and signaling plane resources in the subrack and processes signaling. Differences: The SPUb board processes the signaling on the GSM/UMTS signaling plane. The processing capability of the SPUb board is 75% to 100% higher than that of the SPUa board. The XPUb board processes the signaling on the GSM signaling plane. The processing capability of the XPUb board is 75% to 100% higher than that of the XPUa board.

XPUb

Service processing board

DPUb

Processes CS services and PS services within the system. Differences: The DPUb board processes the services on the UMTS user plane, encodes and decodes the GSM speech services and data services, and converts the speech frame format over the IP speech channel and the speech channel in HDLC transmission optimization. The DPUc board encodes and decodes the GSM speech services and converts the speech frame format over the IP speech channel and the speech channel in HDLC transmission optimization. The DPUd board processes the GSM data services.

DPUc

The DPUb board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The DPUc board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU. The DPUd board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU.

DPUd

DPUe

Processes CS services and PS services within the system. The DPUe board processes the services on the UMTS user plane.

The DPUe board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU.

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Board Type Interface processing board

Board Name AEUa

Function
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Application Variant The AEUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU. The AOUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU.

Provides 32 channels of ATM over E1s/T1. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board. Provides two channels over the channelized optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on ATM protocols. Supports ATM over E1/T1 over SDH or SONET. Provides 126 E1s or 168 T1s. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board. Provides 32 channels over E1/T1 electrical ports. Transmits, receives, encodes, and decodes the 32 E1s/T1s. The E1 transmission rate is 2.048 Mbit/s; the T1 transmission rate is 1.544 Mbit/s. Provides eight channels over FE electrical ports or two channels over GE electrical ports. Supports IP over FE/GE. Provides two channels over GE optical ports. Supports IP over GE.

AOUa

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EIUa

The EIUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU.

FG2a

The FG2a board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The GOUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU and BSC6900 UMTS. The OIUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM and BSC6900 GU. The PEUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS.

GOUa

OIUa

Provides one channel over the STM-1 optical port. Provides one channelized STM-1 with the rate of 155.52 Mbit/s. Provides 32 channels of IP over E1s/T1. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board.

PEUa

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Board Type

Board Name POUa

Function
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Application Variant The POUa board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU.

Provides two channels over the channelized optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on IP protocols. Supports IP over E1/T1 over SDH/SONET. Provides the load bearer capability of 126 E1s or 168 T1s. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board. Provides four channels over the unchannelized STM-1/OC-3c optical ports. Supports ATM/IP over SDH/SONET. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board. Provides four channels over the channelized optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on ATM protocols. Supports ATM over E1/T1 over SDH or SONET. Provides 252 E1s or 336 T1s. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board. Provides 12 channels over FE electrical ports or 4 channels over GE electrical ports. Supports IP over FE/GE. Provides four channels over GE optical ports. Supports IP over GE.

UOIa

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The UOIa board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU.

AOUc

The AOUc board is applicable to the BSC6900 UMTS and BSC6900 GU.

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FG2c

The FG2c board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The GOUc board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS. The POUc board is applicable to the BSC6900 GSM, BSC6900 GU, and BSC6900 UMTS.

GOUc

POUc

Provides four channels over the channelized optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on IP/TDM protocols. Supports IP over E1/T1 over SDH/SONET. Provides the load bearer capability of 252 E1s or 336 T1s. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board.

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Board Type

Board Name UOIc

Function
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Application Variant The UOIc board is applicable to the BSC6900 GU and BSC6900 UMTS.

Provides eight channels over the unchannelized STM-1/OC-3c optical ports. Supports ATM over SDH/SONET. Extracts the clock signals and sends the signals to the GCUa or GCGa board.

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If operators use Huawei Nastar, operators need to install the SAU board in the MPS or EPS of the BSC6900 cabinet (the SAU board occupies two slots that work in active/standby mode).

2.3 Software Architecture


The BSC6900 GU software is designed with a layered architecture in terms of software. Each layer is dedicated to its own functions and provides services for other layers; however, each layer hides the technical implementation details and physical topology from other layers. Figure 2-4 shows the software architecture of the BSC6900 GU. Figure 2-4 Software architecture of the BSC6900 GU

Application
STCP ICCP SMP

Infrastructure

Table 2-4 describes the functions of each layer in the software architecture.

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Table 2-4 Functions of each layer in the BSC6900 GU software architecture Layer Infrastructure Function
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Supports the hardware platform and hides the lower-layer hardware complication through the board software package. Provides the functions of the embedded operating system, hides the differences between operating systems, and provides enhanced and supplementary functions for the system.

Service Management Plane (SMP) Internal Communication Control Plane (ICCP) Service Transport Control Plane (STCP)

Provides the OM interface to perform the OM functions of the system.

Transfers internal maintenance messages and service control messages between different processors, implementing efficient control over distributed communication. Operates independently of the infrastructure layer. Transports the service data on the user plane and control plane at the network layer between NEs. Separates the service transport technology from the radio access technology and makes the service transport transparent to the upper-layer service. Provides service bearer channels. Implements the basic functions of network element service control and controls the upper-layer service, such as call processing, mobility management, and RRM. Hides the topologies of various resources in the network and in the equipment. Provides the resource access interface, hides the distribution of internal resources and network resources, maintains the mapping between the service control and resource instance, and controls the association between various resources. Manages the resources and OM status, responds to the resource request from the upper layer, and hides the resource implementation from the upper layer. Provides various service resources. These resources are closely related to the hardware. They encapsulate the UPR/TC/PCU and isolate the service control of the upper layer from the hardware platform to facilitate the hardware development.

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Application

2.4 Reliability
The resource pool design and redundancy mechanism are widely used in the system reliability design of the BSC6900 GU. The techniques of detecting and isolating the faults in the boards

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and in the system are optimized and the software fault tolerance capability is improved to enhance the system reliability.

2.4.1 System Reliability


The BSC6900 GU system reliability is designed with the following features:
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High-reliability architecture design The design of dual switching planes, with up to 120 Gbit/s GE star non-blocking switching capability per subrack, solves the bottleneck problem and prevents the single point failure in the deployment of the high-capacity BSC6900 GU. Moreover, port trunking technology is adopted on the switching boards. The port trunking function allows data backup in case of link failure, preventing inter-plane switchover and cascading switchover and improving the reliability of intra-system communication. Dual clock planes are used in clock transmission between the GCUa/GCGa board and the SCUa board. Therefore, a single point of failure does not affect the normal operation of the system clock.

Resource pool design In case of overload, the system implements load sharing between the control plane and the user plane by employing the full resource pool design. This effectively avoids suspension because of overload, improving the resource utilization and system reliability.

Redundancy mechanism All the hardware in the BSC6900 GU adopts the redundancy mechanism. The rapid switchover between active and standby parts improves the system reliability. Moreover, with the quick fault detection and rectification feature, the impact of the faults on the service is minimized.

Flow control The system performs flow control based on the CPU and memory usage. Therefore, the BSC6900 GU can continue working by regulating the items pertaining to performance monitoring, resource auditing, and resource scheduling in the case of CPU overload and resource congestion. In this way, the system reliability is enhanced.

2.4.2 Hardware Reliability


The BSC6900 GU hardware reliability is designed with the following features:
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The system uses the multi-level cascaded and distributed cluster control mode. Several CPUs form a cluster processing system. Each module has distinct functions. The communication channels between modules are based on the redundancy design or anti-suspension/breakdown design. The system uses the redundancy design, as described in Table 2-5, to support hot swap of boards and redundancy of important modules. Therefore, the system has a strong fault tolerance capability.

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Table 2-5 Board redundancy Board AEUa AOUa/AOUc DPUb/DPUc/DPUd/DPUe EIUa FG2a/FG2c GCUa/GCGa GOUa/GOUc OIUa OMUa PEUa POUa/POUc SCUa SPUa/SPUb/XPUa/XPUb TNUa UOIa/UOIc Redundancy Mode Board redundancy Board redundancy + MSP 1:1 optical port redundancy or MSP 1+1 optical port redundancy Board resource pool Board redundancy Board redundancy + GE/FE port redundancy or load sharing Board redundancy Board redundancy + GE port redundancy or load sharing Board redundancy Board redundancy Board redundancy Board redundancy + MSP 1:1 or MSP 1+1 optical port redundancy Board redundancy + port trunking on GE ports Board redundancy Board redundancy Board redundancy + MSP 1:1 or MSP 1+1 optical port redundancy

Isolation mechanism is used. When entity A fails to accomplish a task, entity B that has the same functions as entity A takes over the task. Meanwhile, entity A is isolated until it is restored. When a board with a single function is faulty, you can restart the board. All boards support dual-BIOS. Faults at one BIOS do not affect the startup or operation of the boards. The system uses the nonvolatile storage to store important data. With advanced integrated circuits, the system features high integration, sophisticated technology, and high reliability. All the parts of the system are of high quality and pass the aging test. The process of hardware assembly is strictly controlled. These methods ensure the high stability and reliability for long-term operation.

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2.4.3 Software Reliability


The BSC6900 GU software reliability is designed with the following features:
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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Scheduled check on crucial resources The software check mechanism checks various software resources in the system. If a resource deadlock occurs because of software faults, the check mechanism can release the locked resources and generate related logs and alarms.

Task monitoring When the software is running, internal software faults and some hardware faults can be monitored through the monitoring process. The monitoring process monitors the task operating status and reports errors to the OM system.

Data check The software performs regular or event-driven data consistency check, restores the data selectively or preferably, and generates logs and alarms.

Data backup Both the data in the OMU database and the board data can be backed up to ensure data reliability and consistency.

Operation logs The system automatically records the history operations into logs. The operation logs help in locating and rectifying the faults caused by improper operations.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

3
3.1 Overview
Table 3-1 Configuration modes of the BSC6900 GU Configuration Mode BM/TC combined Description

Configurations

In the BSC6900 GU, the MPS or EPS can be either a GSM subrack or a UMTS subrack. Based on the TCS configuration, the BSC6900 GU supports three types of configuration modes: BM/TC combined, BM/TC separated, and A over IP. The system specifications vary according to the boards configured in the BSC6900 GU. The MPS and EPS are generally called basic module (BM), and the TCS is called transcoder (TC) for short. Table 3-1 describes the configuration modes of the BSC6900 GU based on the TCS configuration.

Characteristic With the same capacity, fewer cabinets and subracks are required in the BSC, increasing the hardware integration. The TCS can be configured in the TCR on the MSC side, saving the transmission resources between the BSC and the MSC.

The BSC is not configured with the TCS. The boards that implement the TC functions are inserted into the slots in the MPS or EPS. This mode is applicable to the scenario where the BSC is configured in a remote equipment room. In this mode, the BSC is configured with a separate TCS, which is placed in the TCR on the MSC side. The MPS must work in GSM mode.

BM/TC separated

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Configuration Mode A over IP

Description The BSC6900 GU is not configured with a TCS. The TC functions are implemented by the MGW.

Characteristic The BSC is directly connected to the Huawei core network without a TC, reducing the CAPEX of the operator. In addition, the number of speech coding and decoding times is decreased to improve the speech quality. The A over IP mode meets the needs for network evolution.

3.2 Hardware Configuration Specifications in BM/TC Combined Mode


Table 3-2 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in BM/TC combined mode is configured with the BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 boards. Table 3-2 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (1) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) MPS(UMTS) 7,200 460 EPS(UMTS) 10,800 690 MPS(GSM) 3,250 NA EPS(GSM) 4,875 NA

200 600 NA NA

300 900 NA NA

NA 700 512 2,048

NA 768 768 3,072

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Subrack

MPS(UMTS)

EPS(UMTS)

MPS(GSM)

EPS(GSM)

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data.

Table 3-3 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in BM/TC combined mode is configured with the BSC6900R11 boards. Table 3-3 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (2) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) MPS(UMTS) 13,400 1,340 360 1,200 NA NA EPS(UMTS) 13,400 1,340 540 1,200 NA NA MPS(GSM) 3,250 NA NA 512 512 2,048 EPS(GSM) 6,500 NA NA 1,024 1,024 4,096

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data.

3.3 Hardware Configuration Specifications in BM/TC Separated Mode


Table 3-4 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in BM/TC separated mode is configured with the BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 boards. Table 3-4 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (3) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) MPS(UMTS) NA EPS(UMTS) 10,800 MPS(GSM) 3,250 EPS(GSM) 4,875

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Subrack PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9)

MPS(UMTS) NA NA NA NA NA

EPS(UMTS) 690 300 900 NA NA

MPS(GSM) NA NA 700 512 2,048

EPS(GSM) NA NA 768 768 3,072

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data. In BM/TC Separated Mode, the MPS must work in GSM mode.

Table 3-5 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in BM/TC separated mode is configured with the BSC6900R11 boards. Table 3-5 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (4) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) MPS(UMTS) NA NA NA NA NA NA EPS(UMTS) 13,400 1,340 540 1,200 NA NA MPS(GSM) 6,500 NA NA 1,024 1,024 4,096 EPS(GSM) 6,500 NA NA 1,024 1,024 4,096

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data. In BM/TC Separated Mode, the MPS must work in GSM mode.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

3.4 Hardware Configuration Specifications in A over IP Mode


Table 3-6 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in A over IP mode is configured with the BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 boards. Table 3-6 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (5) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) MPS(UMTS) 7,200 460 200 600 NA NA EPS(UMTS) 10,800 690 300 900 NA NA MPS(GSM) 3,250 NA NA 700 512 2,048 EPS(GSM) 4,875 NA NA 768 768 3,072

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data.

Table 3-7 lists the typical configuration specifications of a single subrack when the BSC6900 GU in A over IP mode is configured with the R11 boards. Table 3-7 Typical configuration specifications of a single BSC6900 GU subrack (6) Subrack Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) MPS(UMTS) 13,400 1,340 360 1,200 NA NA EPS(UMTS) 13,400 1,340 540 1,200 NA NA MPS(GSM) 6,500 NA NA 1,024 1,024 4,096 EPS(GSM) 13,000 NA NA 2,048 2,048 8,192

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Subrack

MPS(UMTS)

EPS(UMTS)

MPS(GSM)

EPS(GSM)

NOTE The traffic volume is calculated on the basis of Huawei traffic model. The N/A in the table indicates that the data is not available at present. You can calculate the capacity specifications in any typical subrack combination mode by using the preceding data.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

4
4.1 Overview

Operation and Maintenance

The BSC6900 GU provides convenient local maintenance and remote maintenance, and it supports multiple OM modes. The BSC6900 GU provides a hardware-independent universal OM mechanism and provides OM functions such as security management, fault management, alarm management, equipment management, and software management. The Man Machine Language (MML) provides OM and configuration functions, and the Graphic User Interface (GUI) provides the OM functions. The two modes meet the requirements of different operation environments. Figure 4-1 shows the OM networking of the BSC6900 GU.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Figure 4-1 OM system of the BSC6900 GU

iManager M2000

VLAN

BSC6900 GU

Alarm box

LMT

LMT

The OM system of the BSC6900 GU adopts the browser/server (B/S) separated mode. The OMUa board of the BSC6900 GU works as the server, and the LMT is used for local maintenance. The iManager M2000 is the centralized OM system, which is used for remote maintenance. The alarm box connects to the LMT and provides audible and visible indications for alarms.

4.2 Benefits
Web-based LMT Improving User Experience
The OM system of the BSC6900 GU uses the web-based LMT, which does not require any OM software. You can connect the LMT to the OMUa to perform OM functions and obtain the online help of the LMT. All the operation results are displayed on the LMT through the web browser. The web-based LMT does not require software installation and software upgrade, simplifying user operation and improving user experience.

Diversified OM Modes
The BSC6900 GU provides local maintenance and remote maintenance and supports multiple OM modes to meet the operation needs in various OM scenarios.
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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

The LMT used for local maintenance can access the BSC6900 GU in the following ways:
l l l

Through the port on the panel of the OMUa board Through the Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) Through the Intranet and Internet

The iManager M2000 used for remote maintenance can access the BSC6900 GU in the following ways:
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Through the VLAN Through the Intranet and Internet

Powerful Hardware Management Functions for Rapidly Locating and Rectifying Hardware Faults
The BSC6900 GU provides pre-warning mechanism for hardware fault, ensuring that sufficient time is available to rectify the fault in time before the services are interrupted. The BSC6900 GU provides functions such as status query, data configuration, and status management of the internal physical devices. When a hardware fault occurs, the BSC6900 GU alerts the user by generating alarms and flashing indicators and provides suggestions to guide the user in troubleshooting. The alarm is cleared upon the rectification of the fault. The BSC6900 GU provides the functions of isolating the faulty part, such as activating or deactivating the faulty part. When a faulty part needs to be replaced, the hot swapping function enables the rapid power-on of the substitute, reducing the time in fault rectification. In case of emergency, you can reset the board to quickly rectify the fault.

Advanced Software Management Functions for Secure and Smooth Upgrade


The BSC6900 GU provides the remote upgrade tool, which enables the operator to upgrade the software at the operation and maintenance center without affecting the ongoing services. The remote upgrade tool provides the function of backing up the crucial data in the system. When the upgrade fails, version rollback is performed immediately and the system returns to normal in a short period. After the upgrade is complete, version consistency check is performed to ensure the version correctness.

Rich Tracing and Detection Mechanisms for Reliably Monitoring the Network Status
The BSC6900 GU provides the tracing and detection functions of multiple layers and multiple levels to accurately locate faults. The tracing and detection functions include user tracing, interface tracing, message tracing, fault detection on the physical layer, fault detection on the data link layer, and detection of other faults. The tracing messages are saved as files, which can be viewed through the review and tracing functions of the LMT.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Easy Equipment Installation, Commissioning, and Efficient Network Upgrade Scheme for Rapid Network Establishment
Before delivery, Huawei BSC6900 GU is configured with boards, operating system, and common data. In addition, it is correctly assembled and passes the rigid test. You only need to install the cabinet and cables on site. After the hardware installation is complete, you can load software and data files to commission the software and hardware. The BSC6900 GU can be configured as one of the three variants through board adjustment and software upgrade, facilitating the smooth evolution between GSM, GSM&UMTS, and UMTS. In addition, the BSC6900 GU provides the 2G/3G convergence solution and protects investment on equipment.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

5
5.1 Technical Specifications
5.1.1 Capacity Specifications
Item UMTS network Traffic volume (Erl) PS (UL + DL) data throughput (Mbit/s) Number of NodeBs Number of cells GSM network Traffic volume (Erl) Number of cells Number of TRXs Number of configured PDCHs Number of active PDCHs (MCS-9) Gb interface throughput (Mbit/s)

Technical Specification

Specification System Capacity (BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 Boards) System Capacity (BSC6900R11 Boards)

54,000 3,450 1,500 4,500

67,000 6,700 2,700 4,500

13,000 2,048 2,048 15,360 8,192 512

19,500 2,048 3,072 23,040 12,288 1,024

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Item

Specification System Capacity (BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 Boards) System Capacity (BSC6900R11 Boards)

NOTE The system capacity of the BSC6900 GU cannot reach the maximum in the UMTS network and GSM network at the same time.

5.1.2 Structural Specifications


Item Cabinet standard Dimensions (height x width x depth) Height of the available space Cabinet weight Specification The structural design conforms to the IEC60297 standard and IEEE standard. N68E-22 cabinet: 2,200 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm N68-21-N cabinet: 2,130 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm N68E-22 cabinet: 46 U N68-21-N cabinet: 44 U N68E-22 cabinet: 320 kg N68-21-N cabinet: 380 kg Load-bearing capacity of the floor in the equipment room 450 kg/m2

5.1.3 Clock Specifications


Item Clock precision Clock accuracy Pull-in range Maximum frequency offset Initial maximum frequency offset Specification It meets the requirements for the stratum-3 clock. 4.6 x 10-6 4.6 x 10-6 2 x 10-8/day 1 x 10-8

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

5.1.4 Electrical Specifications


Item Power input Sub-Item Power input Power range Power consumption of a single subrack (GSM network) Specification 48 V DC 40 V to 57 V MPS: 1,000 W EPS: 1,000 W TCS: 1,000 W Power consumption of a single subrack (UMTS network) MPS: 1,470 W EPS: 1,450 W

NOTE The power consumption data of a GSM subrack is the maximum power consumption in typical configuration. The listed power consumption of a single subrack (UMTS network) is based on the ATM transmission mode. If IP transmission is used, the maximum power consumption is smaller. In the case of ATM transmission, unchannelized STM-1 ports are used over the Iu interface and channelized STM-1 ports are used over the Iub interface. In the case of IP transmission, GE optical ports are used over the Iu and Iub interfaces. The power consumption in actual networks depends on specific configurations. You can calculate the power consumption of the cabinet in any subrack combination mode by using the preceding data.

5.1.5 Space Specifications


Item Distance between the cable ladder and the wall Distance between the side of the cabinet and the cable ladder Distance between the side of the cabinet and the wall Width of the main aisle Distance between the front (rear) side of the cabinet and the wall Distance of cabinet front (rear) between two adjacent cabinet rows Recommended Value 800 mm 200 mm 800 mm 1,000 mm 800 mm 1,800 mm Position in Figure 5-1 1) 2) 5) 4) 3) 6)

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Figure 5-1 Space requirements in the equipment room

l l

In overhead cabling mode, the distance between the cabinet top and the ceiling of the equipment room must be greater than or equal to 1,000 mm. In underfloor cabling mode, the height of the electrostatic discharge (ESD) floor must be greater than or equal to 200 mm.

5.1.6 Environmental Specifications


Item Specification Storage Environment Temperature range 40C to +70C Transportation Environment 40C to +70C Operating Environment Long-term: 0C to 45C Short-term: 5C to +55C Humidity range 10% RH to 100% RH 5% RH to 100% RH Long-term: 5% RH to 85% RH Short-term: 5% RH to 95% RH
NOTE Short-term operation refers to the operation with the duration not more than 96 hours at a time and with the accumulative duration not more than 15 days a year.

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

5.1.7 Transmission Ports


Transmission Type E1/T1 Channelized STM-1/OC-3 Unchannelized STM-1/OC-3c FE GE Connector DB44 LC/PC LC/PC RJ45 RJ45 LC/PC

5.1.8 Reliability Specifications


Item System availability Mean time between failures (MTBF) Specification > 99.999% 358,100 hours (BSC6000R8&BSC6810R11 boards are configured) 423,000 hours (BSC6900R11 boards are configured) Mean time to repair (MTTR) 1 hour

5.2 Compliance Standards


5.2.1 Power Supply Standards
Item Power supply Standard ETS300 132-2

5.2.2 Grounding Standards


Item Grounding Standard ETS300 253

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

5.2.3 Environment Standards


Item Noise Standard ETS300 753 GR-63-CORE

5.2.4 Safety Standards


Item Earthquake-proofing Standard ETS300 019-2-4-AMD GR-63-CORE YDN5083 Safety IEC60950, EN60950, UL60950 IEC60825-1 IEC60825-2 IEC60825-6 GB4943 GR-1089-CORE Surge protection IEC 61024-1 (1993) IEC 61312-1 (1995) IEC 61000-4-5 (1995) ITU-T K.11 (1993) ITU-T K.27 (1996) ITU-T K.41 (1998) EN 300 386 (2000) GR-1089-CORE (1999) YDJ 26-89 GB 50057-94 YD5098-2001

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

5.2.5 EMC Standards


Item Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Standard ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 (2003-05) CISPR 22 (1997) IEC61000-4-2 IEC61000-4-3 IEC61000-4-4 IEC61000-4-5 IEC61000-4-6 IEC61000-4-29 GB9254-1998 FCC Part 15 NEBS Bellcore GR-1089-CORE issue 2

5.2.6 Environment Standards


Item Storage environment Transportation environment Operating environment Standard ETS300 019-1-1 ETS300 019-1-2 ETS300 019-1-3 Class CLASS 1.2 CLASS 2.3 CLASS 3.1

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

6
3GPP ATM BHCA BM/TC CoRRM CPU DSP EPR EPS FE GE GUI ICCP IP LMT MAC MGW MML MPR MPS

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Expansion Third Generation Partnership Project Asynchronous Transfer Mode Busy Hour Call Attempt Basic Module/Transcoder Co-Radio Resource Management Central Processing Unit Digital Signal Processor Extended Processing Rack Extended Processing Subrack Fast Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet Graphic User Interface Internal Communication Control Plane Internet Protocol Local Maintenance Terminal Media Access Control Media Gateway Man Machine Language Main Processing Rack Main Processing Subrack

Acronym and Abbreviation

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SRAN3.0 BSC6900 Product Description

Acronym and Abbreviation MSP MTBF MTTR OM OS PDCH PPP PS RRM SDH STCP SMP TCH TCR TCS TDM TRX VLAN

Expansion Multiplex Section Protection Mean time between failures Mean time to recovery Operation & Maintenance Operating System Packet Data Channel Point-to-Point Protocol Packet Switched Radio Resource Management Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Service Transport Control Plane Service Management Plane Traffic Channel TransCoder Rack TransCoder Subrack Time Division Multiplexing Transceiver Virtual Local Area Network

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