A flexible manufacturing system (FMS) is an integrated configuration of Numerical Control (NC) or Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tools, some auxiliary production equipment, automatic material handling system which works together under a central supervisor (the FMS control software) which manages the whole system. FMS can simultaneously process medium sized volume of variety part types. An FMS can achieve the benefits of both flow shop and job shop factories, though its installation may be relatively complex because of the additional flexibility- related degrees of freedom. The benefits that can be accrued after installation of an FMS are increased machine utilization, reduced average flow time, minimizing work-in-process, maximizing production rate, minimizing set-ups fewer machines, reduction in required factory floor space, greater responsiveness to changes, reduced inventory requirements, lower manufacturing lead times, reduced direct labor requirement, higher labor productivity, opportunity for automated production, etc

There are the levels of manufacturing flexibility. (a) Basic flexibilities  Machine flexibility - the ease with which a machine can process various operations  Material handling flexibility - the ease with which different part types can be transported and properly positioned at the various machine tools in a system  Operation flexibility - a measure of the ease with which alternative operation sequences can be used for processing a part type (b) System flexibilities  Volume flexibility - a measure of a system’s capability to be operated profitably at different volumes of the existing part types  Expansion flexibility - the ability to build a system and expand it incrementally  Routing flexibility - a measure of the alternative paths that a part can effectively follow through a system for a given process plan  Process flexibility - a measure of the volume of the set of part types that a system can produce without incurring any setup  Product flexibility - the volume of the set of part types that can be manufactured in a system with minor Setup (c) Aggregate flexibilities  Program flexibility: the ability of a system to run for reasonably long periods without external intervention

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Production flexibility: the volume of the set of part types that a system can produce without major investment in capital equipment Market flexibility: the ability of a system to efficiently adapt to changing market conditions

PROCESS PLANNING Process planning involves loading and routing problems. Loading is concerned with the allocation of operations and required tools to machines subject to the resources and technological constraints of the system. Routing involves determining the sequence of operations for each part that passes through the system, i.e., the sequence of machines to be visited for machining each part.

1. Our prime objective is planning and Control of Flexible Manufacturing System using simulation tools (Arena). 2. Developing an operation sequencing technique capable of optimizing operation time, non-productive tool change times, and orientation change times when processing a group’s design features 3. Optimization of operation for production planning and control in FMS

1. WORKING WITH SIMULATION TOOL: If FMS has to be implemented then it is better to analyze its results using simulation which involves no loss of money, resource and labour time With Arena software, we can:  Model our processes to define, document, and communicate.  Simulate the future performance of our system to understand complex relationships and identify opportunities for improvement.  Visualize the operations with dynamic animation graphics.  Analyze how our system will perform in its old configuration and under a latest change in system. 2. USE OF ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) IN DECISION MAKING PROCESS 3. Various mathematical Optimization Techniques and Satistical Process Control (SPC) The results obtained through the simulation have been analyzed and compared. The best possible combinations have been identified for the chosen FMS.

Mr. Amrik Singh

Munish Dhiman

Associate professor Mech Deptt. SLIET Longowal


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