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Puerto Rico. Students enroll in ROTC’s elective leadership and military courses in addition to their required courses. Upon graduation, ROTC Cadets are commissioned as Army Second Lieutenants. REQUIREMENTS To enroll in Army ROTC you must be: Accepted or enrolled in one of more than 273 programs and more than 700 additional affiliated colleges or universities At least 17 years old and not have reached your 32nd birthday upon commissioning A U.S. citizen Physically fit DIRECT COMMISSION Direct Commission provides leaders in professional fields such as law, medicine and religion the opportunity to become an Army Commissioned Officer. Upon completion of their Officer training program, they are commissioned at a rank determined by their career branch. DIRECT COMMISSION The professional branches of the Army (the Army Medical Department, the Judge Advocate General’s Corps and the Army Chaplain Corps) provide civilian degreed leaders a means to receive a Direct Commission in their career field. Specially designed courses contain instruction in military history, Army leadership, military customs and courtesies and careerspecific classes. In some cases a Direct Commission is available in other career branches in the Army Reserve and National Guard. Persons who gain a Direct Commission will receive the rank determined by their career branch. They will serve in the Active Army, Army Reserve or Army National Guard as experts and leaders. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT The U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD) is one of the largest and most advanced health care systems in the world. Commissioned Officers in the Army Medical Department are on the cutting edge of medicine and gain the satisfaction of serving our nation and our Soldiers. ARMY JAG CORPS The Army Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Corps was established in 1775 by General George Washington, making it the oldest law firm in the United States. ARMY CHAPLAIN CORPS U.S. Army Chaplains take well-earned pride in serving both God and country. They bring their unique blend of skills to our Soldiers, providing counsel, comfort and community during moments of success and sorrow. REQUIREMENTS To receive a Direct Commission, you must be: Within the age requirements (varies by professional career field and age waivers may be considered) A U.S. citizen A college graduate
refining their leadership skills and leading by example. Upon graduation. They will serve in the Active Army. GA provides a path to become an Army Commissioned Officer for those who have completed an undergraduate or graduate degree. Cadets are commissioned and receive the gold bars of a Second Lieutenant. citizen Not married Not pregnant or with any legal obligation to support a child or children Congressionally nominated or have a service-connected nomination A recipient of strong scores on either college entrance exam (ACT or SAT) . OFFICER CANDIDATE SCHOOL Officer Candidate School (OCS) at Fort Benning. It has a rich tradition of leadership training and excellence. They learn what is required to be an Officer in today’s Army while preparing themselves for future success. Through classroom instruction and training exercises. and Candidates with prior Army service will attend OCS. REQUIREMENTS To attend OCS. Army Reserve or Army National Guard as vital members of a trained and ready Army. citizen A college graduate Physically fit UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY West Point is one of our country's premier colleges. you must be: At least 18 years old but not older than 41. They will serve in the Active Army. After completing OCS requirements. A U. Candidates are commissioned and receive the gold bars of a Second Lieutenant. West Point Cadets are immersed in military customs and traditions while working toward a college degree. Candidates learn to become leaders. gaining a premier undergraduate education and leadership skills through a rigorous curriculum. The United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy at West Point. West Point Cadets are commissioned as Army Second Lieutenants. founded in 1802. NY. REQUIREMENTS To apply for West Point you must be: At least 17 but not yet 23 years old on July 1 of the year admitted A U. they are commissioned as Army Second Lieutenants. is the oldest of the five service academies. Candidates without prior Army service will attend Basic Training and OCS.S. Upon completion of OCS. Upon completing their undergraduate degree requirements. West Point Cadets are immersed in a military-oriented environment.S. Candidates learn to lead through a challenging curriculum of classroom and field training experiences. Physically fit OFFICER CANDIDATE SCHOOL OCS allows college graduates to gain the knowledge and skills necessary to be commissioned as an Army Officer.
28 June 1918 Military Police Corps. 27 July 1775 Army Nurse Corps. 31 July 1942 Military Intelligence Corps. an army . 29 July 1775 Judge Advocate General's Corps. 26 September 1941 Transportation Corps. 16 April 1947 Chaplain Corps. 12 April 1983 Special Forces. 17 November 1775 Armor. 16 June 1775 Corps of Engineers. Each branch of the Army has a different branch insignia. Army was officially founded on 14 June 1775. when the Continental Congress authorized enlistment of riflemen to serve the United Colonies for one year. 27 July 1775 Medical Corps. CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS The relationship of the uniformed military and civilian policymakers in the United States is based on a single principle: civilian control. 14 June 1775 Adjutant General's Corps. 16 June 1775 Field Artillery. 20 June 1968 Aviation. 1 January 2008 Special branches Army Medical Department. 1 July 1962 Air Defense Artillery. 30 June 1917 Army Medical Specialist Corps. 16 June 1775 Finance Corps. 16 October 2006 Logistics. 14 May 1812 Signal Corps. 9 April 1987 Civil Affairs Corps.Branch establishment The U. 3 March 1911 Veterinary Corps. 29 July 1775 5. its discipline. 21 June 1860 Chemical Corps. its isolation from society. Richard H.S. Support for civilian control initially emerged from the American interpretation of European history. Most of the Founding Fathers accepted the Radical Whig notion that standing armed forces invariably became a tool of tyranny. 16 June 1775 Quartermaster Corps. 16 October 2006 Psychological Operations. 12 June 1776 Ordnance Corps. Because of its arms. All other facets of the relationship reflect this or are designed to assure it. only citizen soldiers could provide national defense without threatening political freedom. Kohn explains: “Few political principles were more widely known or more universally accepted in America during the 1780s than the danger of standing armies in peacetime. 2 February 1901 Dental Corps. and its loyalty and obedience to its commander. Liberty and a powerful military were considered antithetical. Basic branches Infantry. 3 June 1916 Medical Service Corps.
First To Fight: An Inside View of the U." in Richard H. memories were fresh of repression at the hands of Redcoats and Hessians.S. powerful enough to enforce their views on the government. and shared responsibility to control the military. New York: Free Press. but required Senate approval.. The United States Military under the Constitution of the United States. Barber. Appropriations for the Army were limited to 2 years. The American Political System and Civilian Control of the Military: A Historical Perspective. "The Constitution and National Security: The Intent of the Framers. anxious to extend America's overseas bases. governmental policies. This same logic holds for civilian control of the military. even when it did not attempt a coup on its own. New York: New York University Press. . Kohn. Stephen E. By sustaining democracy and avoiding military direct or indirect intervention in politics for more than 200 years. 2] Lieutenant General Victor Krulak. p. Marine Corps.1789-1989." in Stephen E. customs. On the other hand. Kohn.. Facing threats in every direction. British. the diffusion of power. ed. values. 81-82] This posed a dilemma for the Founding Fathers. these techniques worked. Ambrose states that American liberals believe "that professional military men are right-wing. quick to urge the use of force to settle problems. capable. Congress was charged with raising and equipping an army. when asked to justify the existence of the United States Marines.[Richard H. 1972. The President commissioned and promoted officers.] Tocqueville affirmed that "of all armies those which long for war most ardently are the democratic ones. whether Indians. Spanish. the framers of the Constitution tried to reach a compromise between military effectiveness and political control. or internal rebellion." One function of civilian control was "to ensure that defense policy and the agencies of defense are subordinated to other national traditions. And the Constitution mandated state militias that were to be the firebreaks of last resort to the power of the standing army.. In terms of assuring civilian control. Ambrose and James A. "The Military Impact on Foreign Policy." [Stephen E. Amid intense debate and calls to ban a standing army altogether. p. So long as most Americans believe these things and so long as the beliefs of the American public shape national policy. pp. and. then civilian control of the military remains a vital national interest. Millett. Annapolis. could not necessarily be controlled by law or constitution. 1991. 1984]. eager to increase the size of the armed forces. pirates. 1979. Krulak. or perpetuate tyranny”. MD: Naval Institute Press. the United States needed military strength. seize power. Jr. They wanted balance. Columbus: Mershon Center of the Ohio State University. [Victor H. above all. of becoming the instrument by which others could terrorize a population. the principle of civilian control has become an intrinsic part of the American political tradition. French. eds. said that the Corps existed because the American people wanted it to." [Allan R. An army represented the ultimate in power. and economic and social institutions. Ambrose. The Military and American Society.