REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON Peace – Work – Fatherland …………… GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPT

FIRST SEQUENCE EXAM Class: F37 Option: Electrotechnology Duration: 3H Coefficient: 3

POWER ELECTRONICS
No document is allowed except the one given to the candidates by the examiners Exercise 1: Diode and thyristor. Consider the circuit of figure 1 below. Assume that the thyristor is perfect, R = 5Ω,
u (t ) 24 2 sin t .
Th Th

u(t)

uT

R

uR

u(t)

uT

E R

uL

Figure 1

Figure 2

1. The thyristor is fired with a delay t0

T . Study the functioning of the circuit 12

and draw in synchronism the waveforms of uT and uR. 2. Calculate the average value URAV of the voltage across R. 3. Consider now the circuit of figure 2 above where the emf E = 24V is inserted in series with R. The supply voltage is unchanged. 3.1. In the case where the thyristor Th is open, determine the voltage uT across the thyristor and deduce the maximal reverse voltage supported by the diode. 3.2. Determine the interval of conduction for the thyristor (interval in which the thyristor can be fired). 3.3. 3.4. Calculate the average load voltage if the firing angle of the thyristor is For t0
T , draw in synchronism the waveforms of uT and uR. 6 T . 12

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence exam…………….…………...…Oct.2012

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Exercise 2: OPAMP and TRIAC. The diagram of figure 1 below is used to vary the voltage across the load R. The thyristors are perfect and are controlled by signals produced by the circuit of figure 2.
T1 i2 i1 UL u(t) T2
RL R2

T1
R1

IC V2 T2

i3 V1 V3

R3

Figure 1

Figure 2

u (t )

120 2 sin 100 t , R = 10Ω.

The firing angle of T1 is and works in linear regime.

while T2 is fired at

. The operational amplifier is ideal

1. Draw in synchronism, the waveforms of u(t) and uL(t). 2. Calculate the average value of uL(t). 3. Considering the circuit of figure 2, express in terms of V1, V3, R1, and R3 the currents i1, i2, i3 and the voltage V2. 4. Determine the expression of V2 if R1 = R2 = R3 = R.

Exercise 3: Alternating signals.
S ignal 1 V m ax
Vm ax

S ignal 2

0

T/2

T

t

0

T/4 S ignal 4

T

t

S ignal 3 Im Im /2 4T/6 0 T/6 2T/6 T/2 5T/6 T t

Im ax

0 - Im ax/3

T/3

T

t

For each signal given above, calculate the average value.
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence exam…………….…………...…Oct.2012

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Exercise 4: Graetz Bridge. Consider the figure below. R = 20Ω; u t
220 2 sin t

D1

D3

u(t)
D2 D4

R

uR

1. Fill the table below indicating the status of the diodes for each half cycle (ON or OFF). D1
0 T 2 t t T 2 T

D2

D3

D4

2. Draw in synchronism the waveforms of uR, uD1, uD2, iR, iD1. 3. Calculate the average load voltage.

Proposed by NGOUNE Jean-Paul, PLET GTHS Kumbo.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence exam…………….…………...…Oct.2012

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