26 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

State Board of Education – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
The State Board of Education has eight members and has leadership and general supervision responsibility over all public education, including adult education and instructional programs in state institutions, except institutions of higher education granting baccalaureate degrees. It shall serve as the general planning and coordinating body for all public education, including higher education, and shall advise the legislature as to the financial requirements in connection therewith. It shall appoint a Superintendent of Public Instruction who shall be responsible for the execution of its policies.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the State Board of Education and the reasons that you are running for this office.
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QUESTION 2 What are your views about charter schools and cyber schools and their role in improving student achievement and reducing the education system’s cost?

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the State Board of Education and what actions would you take regarding them?

TODD A. COURSER, Republican MELANIE A. KURDYS, Republican
Campaign Website: www.melaniekurdys.com Occupation / Current Position: Education activist, math tutor, mom Education: University of Michigan 1977 B.S. Mathematics

As an active education volunteer and math tutor since 1992, I am frustrated and worried about declining student achievement and unresponsiveness of the institutions to meet children’s needs. No one group is to blame. The system as a whole is not able to respond to the individual nature of student learning. Even as a trustee on the Portage Public School Board, I was not satisfied with the level of change implemented to meet the needs of all children. I believe circumstances are critical and timing is right for a reform minded board to change the nature of the education system in Michigan for each and every child I’ve been a community & labor activist for over 20 years. I’ve worked as an educator at Wayne State and as executive director of the organization representing WSU faculty & academic staff. I’m the mother of 7 & wife of a public school special ed teacher. My experience as a parent provides a unique perspective on our school system. I have 2 children by birth. My oldest has autism. My husband & I have been foster parents to 9 children, 5 we adopted. All attended public schools & faced a variety of challenges. I will advocate for a strong & responsibly funded system where parents’ & educators’ voices are respected.

Research shows engaged parents and excellent teachers are key to every single student learning. Choice offers opportunities to create a system that meets unique needs of each child. Parents must know their child is learning and making sustained progress. If not, they need alternatives. Teachers must have the freedom to teach professionally, working in a supportive environment. No single alternative will be a silver bullet, but a system of choices will meet many differing needs. Choice creates competition, which can help manage cost. Michigan education is well funded but how we spend must be reassessed. I am very cautious about seeing them as a cure to the ills of public education & I opposed removing the caps on both. I’ve not seen evidence that charters or cybers are better than traditional area schools. Although a few charters have impressive graduation rates & college acceptance, but weak test scores. From personal experience I’ve not found any charters that would accept my son with autism & I’m concerned they may filter out students with greater, & more expensive needs, leaving traditional schools with an unfair financial burden. Cyber schools are unproven.

The implementation of Common Core Standards & Assessments is inappropriate use of time and money. This must stop. Efforts must be redeployed to engage and inform parents and support teachers in their efforts to teach all children. Teacher preparation and targeted professional development must be a top priority. The efforts underway to implement teacher evaluation systems must be directed to evidence based practices that improve student learning. Integration of 4-year-old programs into K-12 must be monitored to ensure the current successful models are not negatively impacted. The State Board must be accountable. It appears the governor would like to revise the financial structuring of state education. I am concerned that this may lead to further cuts in education funding and the outcomes are uncertain. I will work to ensure that those with independent expertise are included in the evaluation of proposals and do whatever I can to reach out to grass-root level organizations interested in education as well as those at the grass-root level potentially affected.

MICHELLE FECTEAU, Democrat

Campaign Website: Facebook: Michelle Fecteau for State Board of Education Occupation / Current Position: Executive Director of the WSU Chapter of the American Association of University Professors-AFT Education: Dual undergrad degree in Employment Relations & Political Science, Thematic in Women’s Studies, Michigan State U 1983; Masters in Labor & Industrial Relations, Michigan State U 1986

LUPE RAMOS-MONTIGNY, Democrat ANDY LeCUREAUX, Libertarian KAREN ADAMS, US Taxpayers GAIL M. GRAESER, US Taxpayers CANDACE R. CAVENY, Green

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Campaign Website: candacecaveny.org---YouTube, enter Green Party of Michigan Occupation / Current Position: semi-retired physician/co-chair Flint Area Greens Education: Public schools; AB, Univ of California; DO, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine; Board certification, Phys Med & Rehab after Residency completed at Wayne State Med School, Detroit

As a former certified elementary school teacher in Chicago, my children attended public schools & I have been interested in opportunities for education, both within & outside schools. Our high school grads need to know the employment stats for programs. A few yrs ago while walking on the streets of Atlanta GA as a tourist, a young man approaching from the opposite direction called out to me, “What does ‘innovative’ mean?” So I called back, “it means trying new ideas”, & we passed each other without stopping. This is an example of what I term the “University of the streets”, which is a form of net-working. Did Not Respond in time for publication

Charter schools are Public Schools, funded by taxpayer dollars, plus any addtl grant monies that might be awarded. Each school is chartered by a college with a degree-granting education dept. In Lapeer, our Bd of Educ has retained oversight & has NOT hired an outside for-profit company to administer the funds--admission is thru names drawn by lot. Lapeer has opened its first cyber-school now & will evaluate its results; Cyber school may provide a beneficial alternative to “expelling” students for infractions w/out turning them onto the streets (I am a former Juvenile Court caseworker in Chicago .)

All teachers want to prevent students from doing homework “WRONG” & I see new opportunites for use of appropriate computer programs to make sure students are practicing spelling, matching words to meanings, CORRECTLY. Carrolton Schools have worked out a 4-yr leasing program to put these programs in the early classrooms. Doing more with fewer tax dollars has led our schools to often “share” curriculum directors,etc between school districts. Bldgs are being closed & offered for sale & we may need to have campuses of a few classroom trailers of mixed grades. Anti-bullying programs are required by law, at last.

DWAIN REYNOLDS III, Green

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 27

University of Michigan Board of Regents – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
The University Board has eight members and has general supervision of the university and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institution’s funds. The board shall elect a university president who shall be the principal executive officer.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the university board and the reasons that you are running for this office.
I had the distinct honor to serve the citizens of Michigan as a member of the Board of Regents from 19952002. I chose not to seek re-election (2002) to spend time with my family and focus on my business. After 10 years, I’ve watched tuition nearly double, university salaries and benefits continue to escalate and students who cannot understand the foreign language their professor or teaching assistant is speaking. ENOUGH IS ENOUGH! I’m prepared to challenge the status quo!

QUESTION 2 Is a college degree still worth the high price students and their families pay? Can you suggest ways to keep costs to students down?
YES, a college degree is well worth it! HOWEVER, it’s critical that we find ways to lower costs and not simply allow students to borrow more money! It’s also very important the University of Michigan continues to promote more opportunities for in-state students. We need our students to remain in Michigan after they graduate. Discounts should be available to those students who complete their studies early, and also to those who remain in Michigan after graduation.

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the university today and what actions would you take regarding them?

DAN HORNING, Republican

Campaign Website: Horningforregent.com Occupation / Current Position: Regent Emeritus, The University of Michigan. Managing Director, Northwestern Mutual. Education: Graduate, The University of Michigan

My campaign platform has been based on three common goals. FIRST, to increase enrollment for our Michigan high school students. I’ve witnessed far too many out-of-state and international students who are being granted admission to the UofM, while our wonderful and very qualified Michigan high school students are being left behind. SECOND, I will demand that the UofM’s admissions policies be based on academic merit and not on minority quotas. FINALLY, I will request an immediate 5 year freeze on tuition, housing rates and student fees. It’s paramount that lower costs trump massive student loan debt! As a public Univ, UM must play a greater role in helping secure Michigan’s future. The >150 yrs of public appropriation to UM served as the Venture Capital that allowed creation of the $7.8 Billion endowment. The state needs a better return on investment. Qualified Michigan HS grads must be a priority over non residents, though we must continue to recruit the very best out of state students. Until the broken visa system is fixed domestic students should have definite priority over foreign students. STEM degree graduates should be encouraged to stay in Michigan via tuition refund program funded by the endowment.

ROB STEELE, Republican

Campaign Website: www.drrobsteeleforregent.com Occupation / Current Position: Practicing Cardiologist, full time. Former Clinical Asst Prof Univ Of Mich Med School, 20 years Education: Univ of Michigan AB, MD 1981(age 23). Univ of Cincinnati Internal Medicine. Washington University/Barnes Hospital Fellowship Cardiology. Board Certified Int Med, Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology

Over a dozen UM degrees in family including Grandmother 1924(Chair, Cont Ed for Women UM, National Co-Chair first UM Endowment Campaign 1964,and Grandfather 1925-UM Football 1920-24, Collegiate AD Hall of Fame. Father/Grandfather each spent 40 yrs in public education. Founding member of private cardiology practice, grew to >300 employees, Chair of Finance/Benefits. Former Board Member of Club Wolverine and major Healthcare Non Profit. 4 of 6 Billion in UM budget is Medical. I have > 25 yrs experience in business operations, medical practice, medical education and clinical research. 7/8 Regents have law degree

Higher Ed remains valuable, but the relative benefit of many college degrees has shrunken with escalating tuition. For many degrees the investment is no longer automatically a good one. The solution is not more loans, debts and subsidies. The student/family need firm goals when determining what type of higher ed is requiredwhere it will be obtained and nature of degree. Better use of the physical plant-offer discounts for Summer credits-students get degree earlier,start earning sooner and university increases revenue and spreads fixed capital costs. Use endowment as the source of student loans rather than fed $.

MARK BERNSTEIN, Democrat

Campaign Website: www.MGoBernstein.com Occupation / Current Position: Attorney Education: University of Michigan, B.A., University of Michigan, J.D., University of Michigan, M.B.A.

Mark Bernstein is a proud product of Michigan’s public education system - from kindergarten to earning three degrees from U-M. Bernstein is running to make college affordable...To stop skyrocketing tuition and control crushing student debt. He is uniquely qualified to serve as a U-M Regent. At the White House, Mark worked in the Clinton Administration - helping to promote an agenda that produced the largest economic expansion of college opportunity since the GI Bill. In business, Mark helps businesses drive innovation and growth. In courtrooms and communities, he fights to make sure everyone gets a fair shake. Did Not Respond in time for publication

Higher education has never been more important or more EXPENSIVE. Skyrocketing tuition is pushing college out of reach, while crushing student debt burdens families and slows our economic recovery. Making college affordable requires 1) Voting against tuition increases, 2) Controlling costs (utilities, health care, operating expenses, salaries, etc.), 3) Increased utilization of faculty/facilities, 4) Adoption of digital platform for revenue and cost effective delivery of content, 5) Issuance of “Go Blue Bonds” - low or no interest student loans issued by U-M to students, 6) Fight to increase higher education funding.

College OPENS many doors, but the doors to college are CLOSING for Michigan’s working families. Skyrocketing tuition (up 121% since 1997) and crushing student debt (up 74% over past decade) are, by far, the two most pressing issues facing U-M (and all public universities) today. The path through exceptional public schools to extraordinary public universities must be protected for every Michigan family. WE CAN DO BETTER. To stop skyrocketing tuition, Mark will fight tuition increases. To control student debt, Mark will promote “Go Blue Bonds” (U-M bonds to fund “brains” at a very low (or zero) interest rate.

SHAUNA RYDER DIGGS, Democrat JAMES LEWIS HUDLER, Libertarian GREGORY SCOTT STEMPFLE, Libertarian

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Continues on pg. 28

Remember to vote on November 6.

28 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

University of Michigan Board of Regents – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
Continued from pg. 27
The University Board has eight members and has general supervision of the university and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institution’s funds. The board shall elect a university president who shall be the principal executive officer.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the university board and the reasons that you are running for this office.
When I was a freshman at the University of Michigan in 1955 the full time (12-18 credit hours) resident undergraduate tuition rate at the College of Literature, Science and the Arts was $100 per semester. For the first semester of the 2012-2013 academic year the comparable charge is $6400 per semester an increase of 6300%. At the same time, the price index as measured by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis has increased from 26.8 to 232.4 an increase of 767% Over the past 57 years, University of Michigan tuition has increased by 8.21 times the rate of inflation. A totally unconscionable price increase.

QUESTION 2 Is a college degree still worth the high price students and their families pay? Can you suggest ways to keep costs to students down?
1. Videotape and place on line all classes so that students may save money by learning at home and reporting only twice a semester on campus or at testing sites in major cities to take a mid-term and a final exam. 2. Operate the University full time for 3 semesters each year to reduce the time required to earn a bachelor’s degree to 2 years and 8 months for those who wish to expedite the learning process. 3. All required courses should be available on-line for all students at all times so that no student is required to attend an extra year to complete required courses. 4. Encourage vigorous anti trust action.

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the university today and what actions would you take regarding them?

JOE SANGER, US Taxpayers

Campaign Website: www.VoteJoeSanger.com Occupation / Current Position: Retired Certified Public Accountant. For prior work history see www.VoteJoeSanger.com. Education: St. Mary’s School, Rockwood, MI 1943-1951; Slocum Truax High School, Trenton, MI 1951-1955; BA (Economics) University of Michigan June 1958; MBA (with high distinction) University of Michigan 1966.

1. Out of control costs (To cite just one example, according to Michigan Capitol Confidential, the University pays up to $30,000 per year in energy costs just for its President’s mansion). 2. Out of control tuition increases. We call for vigorous federal anti-trust action against all of our major universities and state law if necessary to roll back tuition to inflation adjusted 1955 levels. 3. Federal and state law should ban the use of the Financial Aid Form which permits Universities to determine the maximum amount they can extract from each student and parent. 4. See my website: www. VoteJoeSanger.com

GERALD T. VAN SICKLE, US Taxpayers ERIC BORREGARD, Green

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Campaign Website: https://www.facebook.com/ EBorregard Occupation / Current Position: President EB Graphics LLC Education: Broadcasting Major Madonna University Associates Applied Science, OCC

I’m small business owner and I have taught at the high school level and seen firsthand the changes in our public schools. I am also a student at Madonna University so I know the plight young people face today trapped in our university system. I have a son who attended the U of M so I know what it’s like for the parents and citizens who are being ripped off by the school. I’ve written and lecturer on educational issues and debated on the topic many times. As a television producer I have produce a variety of public interest broadcasts. In 1998 l was the Reform candidate for the State Board of Education

The degree is worth it but what the schools are charging for it is not. I’m highly optimistic about the cost of education dropping dramatically over the next decade. Everything is going online. In 10 to 20 years expensive inefficient brick and mortar universities like the U of M will be history, so take as many classes as you can online. For the University of Michigan the choice is clear, become a leading innovator in the global online revolution or go the way of the dodo bird. They could still catch up with the industry leaders like Phoenix and Kaplan, but the train is pulling away from the station fast.

The biggest issue is prosecuting waste, fraud and abuse. The Board of Regents spends public money like the Pentagon. The U of M’s assets total 15.7 billion, including 7.8 billion in endowment assets, $5.2 billion in capital assets, 2.9 billion hospital & athletics. Student’s tuition goes to a 1.8 billion general operating fund including 270 million in state aid, though 34 percent are non-resident students. This is light years more than any other state university or even school district has. By contrast Detroit Public Schools assets are 1.3 billion 90 cents out of every state aid dollar going to a 327 million debt.

NIKKI MATTSON, Natural Law

Did Not Respond in time for publication

Michigan State University Board of Trustees – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
MELANIE FOSTER, Republican
Campaign Website: www.fosterformsu.com Occupation / Current Position: President of Reinhold Landscape-20 years. Currently manage a personal real estate portfolio. Education: Michigan State University, B.S. Ornamental Horticulture It has been my privilege to serve on the MSU Board of Trustees for the past 7 years. I am the current Vice Chair of the Board and I also serve on the MSU Foundation Board. For 20 years I owned and operated a commercial landscape firm with offices in 4 states, and have experience in budgeting, staffing and project management. My business background and experience in public higher education have enabled me to provide sound fiscal oversight, and serve as a leader and visionary. I am committed to maintaining the founding land grant values of MSU as the University grows to meet all of today’s academic and research needs College graduates typically make more in lifetime wages than non-graduates, which points to higher education being a sound investment. Fewer than half of MSU’s students graduate with debt, which is 17% less than the national average. MSU is ranked by U.S. News and World Report as one of the top 50 best value public universities in the nation. As state funding has diminished by over 27% over the last decade, it is difficult to maintain academic quality without raising tuition. To balance increases I advocate for reducing administrative costs and requiring employee concessions so students don’t bear the burden alone. Michigan tax dollars support MSU, and enrollment numbers must overwhelmingly favor Michigan students. Over 80% of MSU’s undergraduate students are from Michigan, but there is pressure from the Administration to raise out of state and foreign enrollment numbers to generate higher revenue. Higher education costs need to be reigned in across the board so as not to rise at a rate higher than the CPI. Since the passage of the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative, I have defended the will of the voters in not using affirmitave action in admissions policies, and insist that MSU adhere to the Michigan Constitution.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 29

Michigan State University Board of Trustees – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
The University Board has eight members and has general supervision of the university and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institution’s funds. The board shall elect a university president who shall be the principal executive officer.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the university board and the reasons that you are running for this office.
After graduating MSU, I built a real estate company, lead an anti-bullying effort, and volunteer at my children’s school. I’m running for MSU Trustee so I can help ensure that the university prepares our students to excel in a rapidly changing world. I have grown companies, managed construction projects and balanced budgets. I know how important it is to invest for the future, stay competitive, and be accountable to customers. With tuition increasing, MSU must continue to grow and improve while also living within its means so education can remain affordable.

QUESTION 2 Is a college degree still worth the high price students and their families pay? Can you suggest ways to keep costs to students down?
Yes, depending on the quality of education and the student’s educational goals. Statistics show that college degrees lower unemployment rates and increase median earnings. Online learning can expanded to save on campus and commuter costs. Lectures and course content can be housed online for free, and self-study programs can be implemented. Community colleges, too, are a great and affordable first step toward our universities. Michigan State should enact sensible reforms in how it administers its budget in order to keep costs down, including privatizing services.

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the university today and what actions would you take regarding them?

JEFF SAKWA, Republican

Campaign Website: http://www.JeffSakwa.com Occupation / Current Position: President of Noble Realty Inc. I specialize in brokerage, development, consulting and home building. Education: Graduate of Michigan State University with a degree in accounting

Besides cost, preparing students to compete in today’s challenging economy is a top issue. I would work to ensure that our curriculum is world class and examine our course offerings and professors, undertake a bottom-up review to lay a benchmark for our progress, and invite leaders from academia, government and the private sector to offer their insights. I would also seek partnerships with businesses so students can gain quality experience in the professional world -- not just in the classroom. Finally, I would measure the results so we know whether we have made progress in improving outcomes for our students. Our most pressing issue is to ensure manageable tuition rates through fair and equal State and Federal funding levels to allow for every student that is qualified and applying to MSU be able attend. I will continue to fight for more State monies, as Michigan ranks 48th out of 50 for per student funding. As I see it, our role as trustees is to continue to manage the institutional responsibilities and costs in such a way that is balanced, fair and equitable. This includes expansion, current expenditures and increasing our MSU endowment fund. I will continue to work hard on MSU’s reputation as a world class university. The two most pressing issues are the spiraling cost of tuition and the need for more job creation. We need to be able to control rising costs at the university while also making tuition affordable for Michigan’s working families. We also need to make sure that MSU is maximizing its ability to create jobs and businesses that benefit every region of the state. The research power of the university in the fields like physics and agriculture should be used as a job creation engine for the whole state.

JOEL FERGUSON, Democrat

Campaign Website: n/a Occupation / Current Position: Developer Education: BA in Elementary Education from Michigan State University

I feel my 24 years of service on MSU Board of Trustees, elected the last 6 years as Chair by my fellow Trustees, has given me the opportunity to directly impact the direction of MSU. My experience and decisions are calibrated in such a way that combines my own personal background of public service along with my business experience and credentials have increased both the profile and the stature of MSU nationally and across the world as a top-tier research university. I am dedicated leader and advocate for MSU and Higher Education, I feel my accomplishments reflect my success as a member of the Board of Trustees at MSU. I am an MSU graduate, I was Cum Laude with a B.A in Engineering Arts and a three-year letter winner and Co-Captain of the 1996 MSU football team. I am in my 16th year as a Financial Advisor for AXA-Advisors out of Troy. I am one of the top producers in the country as well as a 2008 inductee into the AXA Hall of Fame. I am concerned that higher education is becoming out of reach for middle class families due to high cost of tuition. We need to control costs and make sure that MSU is maximizing its ability to turn research dollars and the classroom experience into jobs and businessess throughout Michigan. Did Not Respond in time for publication

A college education is one of the best values in a person’s life. I know this because I myself worked my way through MSU by working midnights at Oldsmobile, so I truly understand why students are concerned with the costs of a college. This is my most important concern as a trustee. The ability to demonstrate an educated mind with reasoning skills, the ability to problem solve and manage one’s abilities effectively are critical for success. I will continue to work with both State and Federal governments to ensure fair and equal funding at MSU to provide equal access for all students from all incomes and backgrounds. I will use my experience as a financial advisor to thoroughly review the MSU budget. As a Trustee, I will be personally involved in raising money for the University, especially to assist in scholarship funds. Long term the cost of a college degree is worth the cost, but it is putting our working families in a very difficult financial situation.

BRIAN MOSALLAM, Democrat

Campaign Website: votemosallam.com Occupation / Current Position: Financial Advisor Education: B.A. Engineering Arts

MICHAEL H. MILLER, Libertarian BILL MOHR II, US Taxpayers STEPHEN J. YOUNG, US Taxpayers

Did Not Respond in time for publication

Military and commercial instructor in the nuclear, refrigeration and electrical fields.

Occupation / Current Position: Facilities Manager Education: Military and commercial Electronics Technician, Nuclear Power Technician, Senior Reactor Operator USNRC. Ordained preacher.

No, most degrees are over priced and students are under educated. Cut salaries of collage staff. Cut sports programs and stick to education.

Socialism / humanism being taught as the base of society and seems to be included in every degreed program. Cut funds on worthless programs.

LLOYD CLARKE, Green

Did Not Respond in time for publication

30 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

Wayne State University Board of Governors – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
The University Board has eight members and has general supervision of the university and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institution’s funds. The board shall elect a university president who shall be the principal executive officer.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the university board and the reasons that you are running for this office.
I have been on the clinical faculty at the WSU School of Medicine since 1988 and I work with WSU students on a daily basis and understand their problems. I have been actively involved in governmental affairs at the school for several years. I am running for this office because of my loyalty to the school, but, more importantly, I have 6 children and I want to contribute to improving higher education in the Detroit community for their sake and the sake of their generation.

QUESTION 2 Is a college degree still worth the high price students and their families pay? Can you suggest ways to keep costs to students down?
I saw a recent news story that followed the financial security of a student who graduated with a B.S. from Harvard vs. a high school graduate who works for the California prison system. Extrapolating through retirement, the prison guard was more successful than the Harvard graduate when analyzing for financial security. This warrants an evaluation of return on investment in a college degree. To keep costs down I believe that institutions of higher learning must re-evaluate costs on a line by line basis, consider more on-line instruction and re-evaluate the tenure system and associated cost to benefit ratios.

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the university today and what actions would you take regarding them?

MICHAEL BUSULTO, Republican
Occupation / Current Position: Clinical Associate Professor, Wayne State University School of Medicine Education: B.S. University of Michigan - 1976 M.D. Wayne State University School of Medicine - 1981

Rising tuition costs and the failure to retain our brightest students in the state are major issues today. I believe that there needs to be a stronger cooperation between the business community in the state and college programs that prepare for the professions and business careers. If more internships and externships can be developed in the business community for our students, businesses might be willing to aid in covering costs of tuition in return for loyalty and retention.

SATISH B. JASTI, Republican SANDRA HUGHES O’BRIEN, Democrat
Campaign Website: www.facebook.com/ obrien4wsugovernors Occupation / Current Position: Mrs. O’Brien is the principal owner of the O’Brien Law Office, PLLC, located in Northville, Michigan Education: J.D. (Juris Doctorate) Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University (August, 1998); B.S. (Bachelor of Science) Grand Valley State University (April, 1990)

Did Not Respond in time for publicaton

As the product of public education from kindergarten to college, I am keenly aware of the opportunities that a public education opens for all people, regardless of who you are and where you come from. As an attorney, I advocate for the public on a daily basis. Those advocacy skills will assist me on the Board of Governors as I advocate for affordable tuition, college accessibility and improvement of retention and graduation rates.

Yes. Nothing opens the door of opportunity like a college education. Most families realize this; however, our State legislators have shifted their priorities away from public education and along with that shift goes proper funding for our public education institutions from K-12 to higher public education. Michigan spends more State budget dollars on corrections and medicaid than public education and our students suffer as a result. Increased state aid along with University Administrators’ commitment to run as efficiently as possible, will go a long way in reducing the high price students and their families pay.

Increased opportunity and access; affordable tuition With State funding for higher public education on the decline, our public universities have become far more dependent upon student tuition. These cuts limit access for students. In fact, Michigan students carry a much heavier load than other states. Students suffer as tuition goes up in order to fill the gap in university budgets, and they’re forced to take on increasing debt and increase their time to complete their degrees in order to work their way through school. I would advocate for State adoption of a revenue system that is adequate, stable and fair.

KIM TRENT, Democrat

Campaign Website: http://www.trent4wsu.com Occupation / Current Position: Student Recruitment Manager for Michigan Future Inc. Education: Wayne State University: Bachelor’s of Arts (Journalism and Africana Studies), Master’s of Arts (Communications). University of Cape Town (South Africa): Post Graduate Diploma, African Studies.

I am running for the Wayne State University Board of Governors because I am passionate about the need to prepare Michiganders to compete in the knowledgebased economy. In my current professional life, I work closely with college preparatory high schools and my career has included stints as an aide to high-ranking Michigan elected officials and as a political reporter for a major newspaper. Those roles have exposed me to opportunities to closely monitor and analyze higher education policies in Michigan and understand the political climate in Michigan that has led to the disinvestment that has stymied schools like WSU.

There is little doubt that a college degree is one of the best investments a student and government can make. A recent Georgetown University and Lumina Foundation study found that even in the worst days of the recent recession, the economy added 200,000 jobs for workers with a bachelor’s degree. College degree holders earn an average of $1.3 million more over a lifetime than those without a degree. As a member of the WSU Board, I will work with the administration to keep the school’s budget lean and nimble. I will also use the bully pulpit to push state leaders to invest more in WSU to help keep tuition costs in check

I am very concerned about Wayne State University’s student retention and graduation rates. I will advocate for expansion of the university’s partnerships with high-quality community colleges to provide a stronger foundation for students who enter college unprepared for the academic rigor of a four-year institution. Given WSU’s absymal six-year graduation rate of 10% for black students, I also support the development of academic support systems for students of color. I am also concerned about tuition affordability and will push for more state investment in the university.

ROBERT GALE, US Taxpayers

Occupation / Current Position: Self Employed Businessman Education: I attended MCCU and MSU.

I attended MCCU and MSU. Self employed businessman. Business and management backround. I am running for the WSU board to make a difference. I am a taxpayer and not a politician like my opponents the Democrats, Republicans and Green party candidates.

The price of a college degree is spiraling out of control. I support lowering costs to students by eliminating all contributions to politicians with university, taxpayer or student money! As your WSU Governor I will get more support from business and labor.

There are to many special interest groups pressing their own issues. I will support reviewing all departments and programs and taking appropriate action.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 31

Wayne State University Board of Governors – 8-Year Term – Vote for TWO (2)
The University Board has eight members and has general supervision of the university and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institution’s funds. The board shall elect a university president who shall be the principal executive officer.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the university board and the reasons that you are running for this office.
From a 30-year business background, I bring costbenefit concepts to planning of University programs. Change and growth do not necessarily mean just adding to what we already have. From a 30-year experience in bio-ethics, I bring values that transcend cost-benefit analysis. Cruelty can never be accepted in research animals, nor can mutilation be accepted in medical studies or medical practice, in our University. From a 30-year experience as a taxpayer, I have a say, along with the 7 million other adults in Michigan, in the operation of the University, according to the State Constitution.

QUESTION 2 Is a college degree still worth the high price students and their families pay? Can you suggest ways to keep costs to students down?
Education is priceless. Paying for education, though, has become a pain. To reverse the trend of ever-increasing tuition rates, consider supply and demand. Decrease the demand for revenue-spending programs, with the supply of sources for revenue remaining the same, and the price will go down, as represented as tuition. This is particularly true in the Restricted Budgetary items of government grants. The supporting evidence is that tuition has not decreased as government grants have increased. Could it be that accountability is missing?

QUESTION 3 What are the most pressing issues facing the university today and what actions would you take regarding them?

MARC J. SOSNOWSKI, US Taxpayers

Campaign Website: www.facebook.com/marc. sosnowski.committee Occupation / Current Position: Self-employed in guest service operation of a corporate housing program; and also rep in Youngevity. Education: MBA, 2009, Cornerstone University, Summa cum Laude. Baccalaureate, 1978, UM-Dearborn, Environmental Studies. Diploma, 1974, Detroit Catholic Central High School.

The rising cost of tuition needs to be addressed, logically not sentimentally, so some things will be streamlined or privatized to be accountable in spending. Quality of research needs to be preferred over quantity of research, with professors seeking recognition and advancement, so that unnecessary programs can be avoided, such as inhumane treatment of research animals. Most importantly, the WSU Mission Statement is just plain wrong, to “create” knowledge. I hold that knowledge, and truth, are self-evident as in our Declaration of Independence. Truth is not created - it just is!

MARGARET GUTTSHALL, Green
Campaign Website: www.margaretguttshall.org Occupation / Current Position: Retired law librarian / Writer Education: University of Chicago, Roosevelt University, Wayne State University: Masters in Library Science

When I first worked at WSU Law School opening and sorting mail, I imagined WSU as part of a system of public education free to everyone from kindergarten through a Ph.D. When I came back to WSU, working on a Masters in Library Science and as a reference assistant, I imagined even more. The U.S. government stops bombing our neighbors and spends our tax money on things people need in the U.S. and everywhere. I like what I imagine to come true. This is a big struggle. I would like WSU to be one of the centers of this struggle. This is why I am running for the Board.

Studying is a wonderful thing to do. College degrees are an indication of what you have studied. We need to spend our tax money on a free public education system, instead of on personnel, planes, rifles and bombs to kill our neighbors. We can offer the world so much -- water, food, sanitation facilities, housing, healthcare, education, transportation, science, engineering, art, music, dancing. Think about what we can offer instead of bombs!

Students’ debts and money are the most pressing issues. I would like to pass legislation to forgive students’ debts. We also need money to pay people working, for tuition, for new buildings and equipment. “Money for the people and education, not the billionaires, bankers and war!”

LATHAM REDDING, Green

Did Not Respond in time for publicaton

Write-in Candidates
To write-in the name of a person not on the ballot and have your vote count:
If you want to write in the name of someone who is not on the ballot, you may do so in the space provided. Write-in votes will be counted only if that person has filed a declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate as required by law. If there is a race in which a candidate whose name is printed on the official ballot for the election dies or is otherwise disqualified on or after the Wednesday immediately before the election, no declaration of intent is necessary. In such a case, the board of election inspectors will count all write-in votes for the write-in candidates for the office sought by the deceased or disqualified candidate.

To declare yourself as a write-in candidate:
You must file a declaration of intent to be a write-in candidate with the filing official for the office you seek on or before 4 p.m. on the second Friday immediately before the election (for the November 6 general election, that would be Friday, October 26).

32 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

Judicial Candidates appear in the NONPARTISAN section of the ballot

Michigan Supreme Court Justice - 8-year term – Vote for up to TWO (2)
The Michigan Supreme Court is the state’s highest court and makes the final determination and interpretation of Michigan’s laws. It supervises all other state courts.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the Michigan Supreme Court and the reasons that you are running for this office. QUESTION 2 What are your views regarding the findings of the bipartisan Michigan Judicial Selection Task Force which recommended full disclosure of campaign funding, nominations to Supreme Court by nonpartisan primary, and an advisory commission for gubernatorial appointments?
It think it is a step in the right direction. I mean full disclosures helps keep special interests from influencing or legal system. That is a difficult task.

QUESTION 3 What is your vision for the future of our judicial system? What changes would you advocate and why?

Occupation / Current Position: Attorney Education: BA Oaklahoma University. JD Thomas Cooley

DOUG DERN

My background is in General practice and Bankruptcy law.As bankruptcy law touches every area of law and increases qualification beyond a normal background. I am running for the Supreme Court because I have no loyality except to justice. I am not a fan of special interests or PAC’s and I accept no funds from either. I am aligned with justice. I have seen so many ruling coming out of the Court that I think were policitally or religously driving. I think a justice needs to look at the past the present and future and listen to the facts with no political agenda. It makes it tough when Judges are elected. As a Wayne County Circuit Court judge, I preside over family cases, including divorce, custody, child support, and parenting time issues. I was instrumental in the creation of a domestic violence prevention court as well as a mentoring program for at-risk high school girls. Before I was elected to serve as a judge, I was a lawyer for 27 years, practicing in courts throughout the state of Michigan. I am seeking a seat on the Michigan Supreme Court to bring my 31 years of experience as a lawyer and a judge, protecting families and children, to the highest court in Michigan. I have served on the Court since 1999. Before that, I served in private practice in Detroit; as the federal prosecutor in Michigan; and as Assistant Attorney General in the Justice Dept. I was bipartisanly confirmed by the Senate for the latter two positions. I have been part of a Court that has: (1) strengthened the criminal justice system within our state; (2) reduced levels of litigation by rendering the law more clear and predictable; and (3) restored traditional notions of personal responsibility to our civil justice system. I would like to continue this work on behalf of a fair and responsible judiciary.

My vision is to maintain the current justice and gaurd the Constitution of thie State. Michigan is a beutiful State and my mission is to protect what we have here. I think there has been a drindling of our basic rights in recent years and I have seen some decisions that I think are geared to supress certain classes. A Justice has a job to protect the basic rights of all. I think sometimes certain justices spend to much time on the bench and forget what it like in the real world. I would offer the fresh blood with new ideas to get the current justice system back in line.

Campaign Website: www.conniekelleyforjustice. com Occupation / Current Position: I am a judge in the Family division of the Wayne County Circuit Court. Education: I received a BA from University of Michigan, and my juris doctorate from Wayne State University Law School.

CONNIE MARIE KELLEY

I applaud the efforts of this great bipartisan group to find solutions to the problems in the current system of electing the members of the Supreme Court. I enthusiastically support reform measures which require full disclosure of all campaign donations so the voting public is aware of each candidate’s financial supporters. I also support efforts to make the selection of Supreme Court Justices less partisan, which would increase the public’s confidence that the decisions made by the Court are based on the law and not on any political point of view. I agree with some proposals of the Task Force and disagree with others. I agree that full disclosure should be required for all contributions and outside expenditures. I also agree that there should be public debate concerning what I see as the greatest current threat to the integrity of the Court, the perception by members of the public that ever-more costly campaigns are impacting judicial decisions. I do not agree with proposals that would skew the selection process in favor of lawyer control and influence, or that would make it more difficult for candidates lacking favored surnames from competing for the Court. I wholeheartedly support these reforms and am grateful for the taskforce’s work. Judicial campaigns in Michigan are some of the most expensive in the nation, and 2012 will likely break previous campaign spending records.That coupled with partisanship in the process is devastating to public confidence in the entire system. Reforms in each of these areas will serve the public. I am committed to working to enact these reforms no matter the outcome of this election. Justice Marilyn Kelly has has endorsed me as the candidate she would like to see replace her and I intend to support her continuing reform efforts.

I would like to see a Court that issues opinions that are based on the law, and not repeatedly making decisions along party lines, or based upon the money and influence of powerful special interest groups. In order for the Court to have the confidence of the public, it must be above the politics of the day. This requires justices who are principled, respectful, thoughtful, and willing to hear both sides of every case, and who will respect the legal precedents which have been well established over the years.

Campaign Website: www.MarkmanForJustice.com Occupation / Current Position: Justice, Michigan Supreme Court Education: BA, Duke University, 1971; JD, University of Cincinnati Law School, 1974

STEPHEN MARKMAN

My vision is that of a Court in which every judicial decision is the product of the equal rule of law. This describes a Court in which there are no thumbs on the scales of justice, no ‘politics by another name’ in the courtroom, no partisan decisionmaking, and no judicial constituencies. This also describes a Court in which decisions are made according to the law, and not on the basis of the personal inclinations or sympathies or likes and dislikes of the judge. Our great constitutional heritage is the rule of law, in which all stand equal before that law, and not the rule of individual judges.

Campaign Website: www.mccormackforjustice.com Occupation / Current Position: Professor and Associate Dean of Clinical Affairs, University of Michigan Education: Undergraduate in political science and philosophy at Trinity College, graduating in 1988 with highest honors. JD from New York University School of Law.

BRIDGET MARY McCORMACK

I am the oldest of three children. My dad, a Marine Corp veteran, ran a small business. My mom was a social worker. My younger siblings are actors.I attended Trinity College in Hartford, CT, and NYU Law School. Upon graduating law school, I worked as a Legal Aid lawyer in NYC. I taught at Yale for two years before I came to Michigan in 1998 and joined the faculty of the UofM Law School. I am now the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. I am committed to making sure Michigan’s judiciary protects us all with integrity, and to improving our judiciary so that it can be a positive example for others in the country.

Our judiciary has to work for all citizens. Partisanship undermines the public confidence in our courts and that confidence level is at an all time low. The court is supposed to be the branch of government where being right is more important than being powerful and people need to see the Supreme Court operating that way to restore confidence in its actions. As a law professor I teach students about this important role the court plays in a constitutional democracy, and as a lawyer practicing in our state and federal courts and supervising students in court as they learn, we all see how politics undermines this goal.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 33

Judicial Candidates appear in the NONPARTISAN section of the ballot

Michigan Supreme Court Justice - 8-year term – Vote for up to TWO (2)
The Michigan Supreme Court is the state’s highest court and makes the final determination and interpretation of Michigan’s laws. It supervises all other state courts.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the Michigan Supreme Court and the reasons that you are running for this office. QUESTION 2 What are your views regarding the findings of the bipartisan Michigan Judicial Selection Task Force which recommended full disclosure of campaign funding, nominations to Supreme Court by nonpartisan primary, and an advisory commission for gubernatorial appointments?
The Task Force’s recommendations are a sham. The Democrat and Republican parties have joined forces in an effort to force primaries upon the voter. This eliminates competition from Libertarian and other Party candidates in the General election. The Task Force complains that too much money is spent but fails to note that primaries will increase expenditures. Republican and Democrat nominated Justices currently account for 99 percent of those expenditure. The people of this State deserve better than the snake oil of such “bipartisan” manipulation designed to increase major party control of the Supreme Court.

QUESTION 3 What is your vision for the future of our judicial system? What changes would you a dvocate and why?

Campaign Website: http://www.martindale.com/ Kerry-Lee-Morgan/2161158lawyer.htm Occupation / Current Position: Kerry Lee Morgan is “Of Counsel” to the law firm of Pentiuk, Couvreur, & Kobiljak, P.C. Education: B.A., Michigan State University, 1977; J.D., Detroit College of Law, 1980; M.A., Regent University, 1985.

KERRY MORGAN

The Supreme Court needs Justices who will apply the law as written, not as it ought to be written in the mind of the Judge. My background in the law for over thirty years has taught me the importance of this purpose. My experience in the practice of law before judges has taught me that judges are reluctant to simply apply the law as written. I can bring a balanced respect for the written law and the Constitution in particular, to the bench so that Justice may be done.

The future of the judicial system is for the People to decide, but that future must recover a solid commitment to the rule of law, not the law of judges. Michigan Lawyers must also be freed from the politicized State Bar of Michigan, by elimination of its compulsory membership requirements. The Supreme Court should be leading this fight. Instead, it sides with the Bar in compelling lawyers to pay money to the Bar for the propagation of ideas with which they disagree, as well as denying lawyers the freedom to voluntarily give their dues to other legal organizations whose views they would favor.

Campaign Website: www.colleenobrien.org Occupation / Current Position: Circuit Court Judge, Oakland County Education: University of Michigan, 1978; Detroit College of Law, 1981

COLLEEN O’BRIEN

My background includes 14 years as Oakland County Circuit Court Judge, 17 years in private practice & several years teaching law. I have held leadership positions in judicial groups, lawyers associations & community organizations. However, it is my experience as a judge in one of Michigan’s busiest trial courts that has best prepared me for service on the Michigan Supreme Court. I have seen firsthand the impact that the Court has on the lives of each litigant that comes into my court. I pledge, that if elected, I will apply the law with an even-hand to every party, regardless of my personal views or preferences. I am a lifelong resident of metropolitan Detroit and an attorney since 1980. I am a strong advocate of the Austrian School of Economics as exemplified by the Nobel Prize winner in economics Friedrich Hayek and by Congressman Ron Paul, who has been an inspiration to me. I believe that individuals have a constitutional and natural right to personal liberty and financial liberty. I am running for justice of the Supreme Court because our government is out of control in both our personal and economic lives and must be reigned in by judges who understand the limitations placed on government by the Constitution.

Michigan already requires public disclosure of all campaign contributions to judicial candidates. The stated motivation for a nonpartisan primary was to remove money from the process. I believe it would have the opposite effect: there would be no limit on the number of people running, it will attract those with the most money & most famous names, and it would result in two statewide elections, rather than one. We must be careful not to take Michigan’s electorate out of the process of determining who judges are by giving this important responsibility to an unaccountable commission.

To meet the needs of our citizens in the face of declining resources, our judicial system must become more efficient through the use of better technology and improved resource allocation. We must ensure access to the courts for all of our residents, including indigent litigants, regardless of where they live. This was a critical finding of the Governor’s Indigent Defense Commission on which I served. I would also promote problem-solving courts including those dedicated to substance abuse, domestic violence, mental health, etc.

Campaign Website: http://roddisforjustice.com/ Occupation / Current Position: Attorney Education: Ferndale High School 1969; M.S.U. - B.A. in Political Science 1974; Detroit College of Law - J.D. 1980; Wayne State University School of Law - LLM 1984

BOB RODDIS

While I have no objection to disclosure of campaign funding, I rigorously object to the other “recommendations” of this “task force”. These filtering procedures would ensure that no judicial opponents of the surveillance/welfare state will ever reach the Michigan Supreme Court. With these filters in place, only rubber-stamped advocates of our present unconstitutional “living constitution” who have supported the judicial evisceration of the constitution guaranteed protections of private property, freedom of contract, sound money and limited government will ever find a seat on the court.

My vision for the future is that judges might understand and enforce the written Constitution. For just one example, the Constitution clearly states: “No State shall…… make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” If this provision had been properly enforced, there would have been no unconstitutional creation of the Federal Reserve, no Great Depression, no recent housing bubble and no unconstitutional bailout of Fannie, Freddie and AIG. Further, the limited powers granted to the federal government do not include control of the entire medical industry with legislation such as Obamacare.

on November 6.
Bring a friend!

34 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

Judicial Candidates appear in the NONPARTISAN section of the ballot

Michigan Supreme Court Justice - PARTIAL term to 1/1/15 – Vote for ONE (1)
The Michigan Supreme Court is the state’s highest court and makes the final determination and interpretation of Michigan’s laws. It supervises all other state courts.

Questions (625 characters each):
QUESTION 1 Describe your background, experience and qualifications for the Michigan Supreme Court and the reasons that you are running for this office. QUESTION 2 What are your views regarding the findings of the bipartisan Michigan Judicial Selection Task Force which recommended full disclosure of campaign funding, nominations to Supreme Court by nonpartisan primary, and an advisory commission for gubernatorial appointments?
I have a unique view: I grew up in a state in which judges are appointed. My dad & his colleagues were competitively selected, &, while not flawless, having professional associations screen candidates is effective in minimizing incapable, but charismatic, judges differently than political nominations &/or elections. I also investigated misconduct by federal judges who, obviously, are appointed. So I am aware of the temptation to influence outcomes even by judges who need not worry about fundraising or campaigning. I support improvements through public disclosure & accountability of campaign (mis)representations.

QUESTION 3 What is your vision for the future of our judicial system? What changes would you advocate and why?

Campaign Website: https://www.facebook.com/ MindyBarryforMichiganSupremeCourt Occupation / Current Position: Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Detroit, Mercy School of Law. Attorney. Education: Georgetown University, J.D., 2003; Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy; Senior Writing Fellow; Legal Research & Writing Fellow. Colgate University, B.A. International Relations, 1991

MINDY BARRY

Former Chief Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee; Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee for the Constitution; MI Supreme Court Law Clerk. I believe there should be more than two parties: more candidates create more discussion, which educates the electorate which, in turn, constrains politicization of the judiciary. In my career, I have learned the wisdom of the law, the difficulty of judicial restraint, & the beauty of our government & hope to apply my background & education to advance these values for the people of the State of Michigan.

I would like to see the ethics and professional standards of the judiciary heightened. The legitimacy of the judiciary – and, thus, society’s willingness to comply with its outcomes – depends equally on the intellectual competency and honestly of its judges. Judges are the gatekeepers for the system and, therefore, must be its standard-barer. I would like the election process to cause more questioning about professional capability so the people of the State become more politically literate and expect the same competency from judges as we expect surgeons or auto workers to have in their respective fields.

Campaign Website: www.JudgeSheliaJohnson.com Occupation / Current Position: Judge of the 46th District Court Education: Kingswood School Cranbrook (secondary education); Dartmouth College, A.B. with distinction; University of Michigan Law School, J.D.; former judicial Law Clerk U.S. District Court, W.D. Michigan.

SHELIA JOHNSON

Prior to being elected to the 46th District Court in 2002, I was an associate at a major law firm in the commercial litigation practice group and in private practice for approximately 18 years, representing average people, protecting their rights in both criminal and civil litigation, often woking pro bono to ensure citizens had access to justice. I am seeking office to bring a fresh, diverse, common sense, judicially independent perspective and practical experience to the Court. I intend to applying the law as written, bringing balance, fairness and integrity and restoring confidence to the legal process. I have been privileged to serve the people of Michigan for 18 years; 4 years as a circuit judge; 12 years as Judge of the Court of Appeals; and 2 years as Justice of the Supreme Court. Throughout this time, I have been an advocate for the rule of law. Rule of law means that a person’s case should rise or fall exclusively on the legal merits of the claim and not on a judge’s subjective view of which party is more sympathetic or deserving. This is the only way to ensure equal justice under law to all who use the courts. This is also the best way to ensure an objective and balanced approach to the interpretation of laws.

There should be reform in the way that judges are selected. The current system allows unrestricted funding from unknown sources in judicial races, which affects the integrity of the judicial process. The nomination of justices to the non-partisan ballot through the political party process leaves the appearance that justices are beholden to special interests and serves to erode the public trust and confidence in the judicial system. Nominations should be non-partisan. The people should elect judges, but with screening to educate the electorate and also for gubernatorial appointments to preclude pure partisan favorism. I prefer an appointment system only if the Governor has unfettered discretion to appoint. When the people elect a governor, they will have to be cognizant of the types of judges the governor will appoint. I disfavor an appointment system that uses an advisory commission to limit the Governor’s discretion. Backroom politics will control the commission and ultimately control who becomes a judge. If we have elections, I favor eliminating party nominations for Supreme Court. I disfavor requiring a primary in judicial elections because they require additional fundraising. Judicial fundraising should be kept to a minimum.

I envision a system where everyone, no matter their background or resources, has equal access to justice. I would advocate for changes in the court assigned counsel system, to ensure indigent perons have equal and effective representation; changes in the court rules to ensure that pro se litigants have a better understanding of procedure and thus equal access to the system; accessible online education in court to help unrepresented persons navigate thru the system; better language resources to ensure that foreign language litigants understand the process thereby resulting in more fair and just results. The judicial system is technologically obsolete. A party should be able to e-file their pleadings and have electronic access to public records. These problems are mainly due to the way we fund our Courts. Local government pays for the Courts’ support. This causes a vast difference in funding. Larger counties have an efficient e-filing system that saves money for the public and makes money for the court. Smaller counties lack the resources to have vendors provide the necessary services. Within 5 years we need to create a unified state e-filing system that will make the judicial system more efficient and user friendly.

Campaign Website: www.zahraforjustice.com Occupation / Current Position: Justice of the Supreme Court Education: University of Detroit Law School, Juris Doctor, 1987 : Wayne State University, Bachelor of General Studies, 1984

BRIAN ZAHRA

Vote on Tuesday, November 6
Polls open 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 35

Court of Appeals Districts by County
Branch Hillsdale Kalamazoo Lenawee Monroe St. Joseph Wayne Genesee Macomb Oakland

1st District

2nd District

Allegan Barry Berrien Cass Calhoun Eaton Ionia Jackson

3rd District

Kent Mason Montcalm Muskegon Newaygo Oceana Ottawa Van Buren Washtenaw

4th District
Alcona Alger Alpena Antrim Arenac Baraga Bay Benzie Charlevoix Cheboyan Chippewa Clare Clinton Crawford

Delta Dickinson Emmet Gladwin Gogebic Grand Traverse Gratiot Houghton Huron Ingham Iosco Iron Isabella Kalkaska

Keweenaw Lake Lapeer Leelanau Livingston Luce Mackinac Manistee Marquette Mecosta Menominee Midland Missaukee Montmorency

Ogema Ontonagon Osceola Oscoda Otsego Presque Isle Roscommon Saginaw Sanilac Schoolcraft Shiawassee St. Clair Tuscola Wexford

Court of Appeals
No candidate for Court of Appeals has opposition on the ballot. Therefore, questionnaires were not sent to candidates for the Court of Appeals.

1st District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – 6-year term Vote for up to TWO (2)
KIRSTEN FRANK KELLY MICHAEL RIORDAN

3rd District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – Partial term ending 1/1/2015 Vote for ONE (1)
MARK T. BOONSTRA

2nd District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – 6-year term Vote for up to THREE (3)
ELIZABETH L. GLEICHER KATHLEEN JANSEN DEBORAH A. SERVITTO

4th District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – 6-year term Vote for up to TWO (2)
STEPHEN LEOPOLD BORRELLO PETER D. O’CONNELL

4th District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – Partial term ending 1/1/2015 Vote for ONE (1)
AMY RONAYNE KRAUSE

3rd District Judge of Court of Appeals
Incumbent – 6-year term Vote for up to THREE (3)
JANE M. BECKERING BILL MURPHY DOUGLAS B. SHAPIRO

VOTING FOR JUDICIAL CANDIDATES
Judges are different from other elected officials; their role is to uphold the law, not represent voters. This difference can make it challenging to make decisions in a judicial election. To help you make an informed decision consider:

What should you look for in a judge?

What should you expect from judicial candidates?

• Campaign conduct consistent with judicial rules and ethics • Impartiality • Commitment to the law, rather than public opinion

• Experience – demonstrated exposure to legal issues, and substantial & diverse experience with the justice system • Integrity- high moral character, honesty, industry and diligence • Professional Competence – intellect, knowledge of the law, writing & analytical ability, judgment, and courtroom & trial experience • Judicial Temperament – unbiased, courteous, open-minded, understanding, fair and committed to the rule of law • Service – demonstrated commitment to justice for all.

36 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

Statewide Proposals
OFFICIAL BALLOT LANGUAGE with PRO and CON STATEMENTS
DISCLAIMER: The Pro and Con statements for the six statewide ballot proposals reflect the views of their major proponents and opponents as expressed on their websites and other supporting documentation referenced. The inclusion of the views of the various groups is solely in the interest of public service. The League of Women Voters takes no responsibility for the views or facts of the groups.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-1
A REFERENDUM ON PUBLIC ACT 4 OF 2011 – THE EMERGENCY MANAGER LAW
Public Act 4 of 2011 would: • Establish criteria to assess the financial condition of local government units, including school districts. • Authorize Governor to appoint an emergency manager (EM) upon state finding of a financial emergency, and allow the EM to act in place of local government officials. • Require EM to develop financial and operating plans, which may include modification or termination of contracts, reorganization of government, and determination of expenditures, services, and use of assets until the emergency is resolved. • Alternatively, authorize state-appointed review team to enter into a local government approved consent decree.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-2
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION REGARDING COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
This proposal would: • Grant public and private employees the constitutional right to organize and bargain collectively through labor unions. • Invalidate existing or future state or local laws that limit the ability to join unions and bargain collectively, and to negotiate and enforce collective bargaining agreements, including employees’ financial support of their labor unions. Laws may be enacted to prohibit public employees from striking. • Override state laws that regulate hours and conditions of employment to the extent that those laws conflict with collective bargaining agreements. • Define “employer” as a person or entity employing one or more employees.

Should this proposal be approved? YES

NO

Should this law be approved?

YES

NO

YES
Protect Our Jobs asserts: Proposal establishes people’s rights to organize, join or assist unions and to bargain collectively with public or private employers regarding wages, hours and other employment conditions. It prohibits employers from retaliating against employees for exercising those rights, prohibits state and local governments from interfering with those rights, and prohibits government from blocking agreements respecting employees’ financial support to their union. It grants State Civil Service employees’ collective bargaining rights while authorizing the State to restrict or prohibit public employee strikes. It protects current laws establishing minimum wages, hours and working conditions. The proposal doesn’t add any rights workers don’t already have. It doesn’t force people to join unions. It doesn’t require anyone to pay dues. It simply prevents those who want to eliminate worker’s rights from being able to do it. Corporate special interests will spend millions to mislead voters about the proposal so they can pass Right to Work legislation prohibiting agreements between unions and employers on membership and dues payment. Collective bargaining gives workers a voice at work and a seat at the table with management, protecting Michigan’s families and allowing workers to negotiate fair wages and benefits.

YES
PA 4 of 2011 was passed by the majority of the Michigan Legislature and signed by Governor Snyder in order to update the former emergency finance manager law, PA 72 of 1990. Per the Michigan Constitution, local governments are creations of and subordinate to the state and thus, the state can pass laws governing their operations. Under PA 4, emergency managers gained new power to deal with financial emergencies including having authority previously vested in local elected officials and to reject, modify and terminate contracts and collective bargaining agreements. Supporters cite the need for emergency managers to have more powers than under the old law in order to deal with the current financial crisis that impacts local cities and school districts. The Governor is responsible for appointing an emergency manager after declaring a financial emergency. A consent agreement is another option. Emergency manager must submit action plan to State Treasurer and hold a public meeting on it. Emergency managers are seen as a needed alternative to filing for bankruptcy in order to protect the credit of the state.

YES vote puts the Emergency Manager Law, PA 4 of 2011, into effect.
Note: Website not available at this time.

NO
Stand Up for Democracy and others oppose PA 4 of 2011 and see it as a power grab by the Governor and Michigan Legislature. Opponents recognize the need to have interventions available when there is a financial crisis, but they argue that locally elected officials should still have power and previously agreed upon contracts should be enforced. Some believe PA 4 may be unconstitutional, particularly regarding abrogation of contracts and voter disenfranchisement of the local community. Opponents argue that the broad powers given the Emergency Manager such as eliminating the role of locally elected officials, altering contracts, firing employees, suspending collective bargaining agreements, outsourcing, merging cities or school districts, and selling assets go too far. Many believe PA 72 of 1990, the Emergency Financial Manager law which PA 4 replaced, is adequate for dealing with financial crisis and blame reductions in state revenue sharing for causing the crisis. Because of the referendum, Flint, Benton Harbor, Ecorse, Pontiac, Detroit Public Schools and Highland Park Schools, are being operated under PA 72 of 1990.

For more information go to http://protectourjobs.com

NO
Protecting Michigan Taxpayers asserts: This proposal enshrines the agenda of Washington D.C. union bosses in Michigan’s Constitution, resulting in higher taxes, a fundamental lack of fairness and fewer jobs. It would take away local control and eliminate the ability of our elected representatives to make decisions that move Michigan forward. Government workers would receive higher pensions and better benefits even during tough economic times, causing lawmakers to roll back recent tax cuts that are fueling Michigan’s turnaround. Nearly 80 laws would be overturned, jeopardizing the state’s progress so far. Our ability to remove bad teachers would be gutted, shortchanging our children’s education. It would be difficult to pass laws to further improve education, protect public safety, and strengthen our economy. Just as no one should be forbidden from joining a union, workers should not be forced to join a union or pay dues to a political organization they don’t support. It’s a special interest power play. Don’t let them hijack our constitution.

NO vote repeals the Emergency Manager Law, PA 4 of 2011.

For more information go to http://standup4democracy.com

For more information go to http://protectingmichigantaxpayers.com

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 37

Statewide Proposals
OFFICIAL BALLOT LANGUAGE with PRO and CON STATEMENTS
DISCLAIMER: The Pro and Con statements for the six statewide ballot proposals reflect the views of their major proponents and opponents as expressed on their websites and other supporting documentation referenced. The inclusion of the views of the various groups is solely in the interest of public service. The League of Women Voters takes no responsibility for the views or facts of the groups.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-3
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION TO ESTABLISH A STANDARD FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY
This proposal would: • Require electric utilities to provide at least 25% of their annual retail sales of electricity from renewable energy sources, which are wind, solar, biomass, and hydropower, by 2025. • Limit to not more than 1% per year electric utility rate increases charged to consumers only to achieve compliance with the renewable energy standard. • Allow annual extensions of the deadline to meet the 25% standard in order to prevent rate increases over the 1% limit. • Require the legislature to enact additional laws to encourage the use of Michigan made equipment and employment of Michigan residents.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-4
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION TO ESTABLISH THE MICHIGAN QUALITY HOME CARE COUNCIL AND PROVIDE COLLECTIVE BARGAINING FOR IN-HOME CARE WORKERS

This proposal would:

• Allow in-home care workers to bargain collectively with the Michigan Quality Home Care Council (MQHCC). Continue the current exclusive representative of in-home care workers until modified in accordance with labor laws. • Require MQHCC to provide training for in-home care workers, create a registry of workers who pass background checks, and provide financial services to patients to manage the cost of in-home care. • Preserve patients’ rights to hire in-home care workers who are not referred from the MQHCC registry who are bargaining unit members. • Authorize the MQHCC to set minimum compensation standards and terms and conditions of employment.

Should this proposal be approved? YES

NO

Should this proposal be approved? YES

NO

YES
Utilities are on track to meet the old standard of 10% renewables by 2015. That’s no longer good enough as over 30 other states, including the Midwestern states of Ohio, Illinois, Iowa and Minnesota have passed new standards of 25% renewables by 2025. These states have not seen significantly higher energy rates and this proposal limits increases to no more than $1.25 a month. This is a small cost for Michigan energy, Michigan jobs and cleaner air and water. This proposal would help us build a clean energy industry by offering stability and commitment to renewable energy growth. The growth will create thousands of jobs for Michigan workers and attract $10 billion in new investments in our state. Using more wind and solar energy will reduce pollution and give Michigan cleaner and healthier air and water, protect the Great Lakes, reduce asthma and lung disease, and ultimately save lives. The Michigan constitution has granted two mechanisms to create law, our legislature and by popular vote. Our present legislative impasse necessitates going to the people to ensure we don’t fall behind.

YES
Citizens for Affordable Quality Home Care, a bipartisan coalition of senior advocates, disability rights groups, veterans, clergy, law enforcement officials and community leaders, supports the Keep Home Care Safe proposal to establish Michigan Quality Home Care Council (MQHCC). An eleven-member council appointed by the Governor will establish a registry to help eligible recipients obtain Home Help services. The registry will pre-screen workers, do background checks and provide critical job training so workers can better care for those needing assistance. The home care workers will have collective bargaining rights, but are not State employees. Medicaid pays workers, but patients are responsible for hiring and firing the home care workers. MQHCC enables seniors and people with disabilities to choose safe, quality care in their own homes as an alternative to expensive institutional care. According to the Anderson Economic Group report, Michigan saves $47,000 annually for each person using home services rather than being in a nursing facility. A similar Michigan Quality Community Care Council (MQC3) established in 2004 was eliminated by the Governor and Michigan Legislature in 2012. By monitoring unemployment claims by service providers, MQC3 saved the state $1,100,000 in unemployment benefits over four years.

For more information, go to www.MiEnergyMiJobs.com .

For more information go to www.keephomecaresafe.org

NO
A ballot proposal to require 25% of all energy to be produced from the sun or wind by 2025 sidesteps our Legislature and the proper way to make laws. It allows millions of dollars’ worth of wind turbines and solar generation all over Michigan’s landscape, without any proof that such a tremendous investment can be utilized or will even be needed after its installation. Current law requires 10% renewables by 2015. That is a more reasonable, affordable and attainable approach than cluttering the Constitution. The marketplace is the most effective way to develop Michigan’s renewable energy industry and the legislative process is the most efficient way to set standards. The current law, which was passed after two years of thoughtful debate and with bipartisan support in 2008, should be fully implemented and its benefits fully analyzed and evaluated before any changes are discussed. The Michigan Jobs and Energy Coalition, which includes Michigan’s major utilities, electrical cooperatives, major business organizations, industrial customers and economic development interests and which helped pass the 2008 renewable energy law, opposes this amendment which decreases flexibility. A special interest group should not be allowed to amend our Constitution.

NO
This proposal would amend the Michigan Constitution to allow the unionization of home-based caregivers as state employees. If passed the Constitutional amendment would override Public Act 76 of 2012. PA 76 amended the Public Employees Relations Act (PERA) to exclude in the definition of “public employees” persons who receive a government subsidy in their private employment and prohibit the recognition of a bargaining unit of individuals who are not public employees. Elected officials passed PA 76 to eliminate the Michigan Quality Community Care Council and stop collecting dues for the Service Employees International Union on behalf of home care workers. Citizens Protecting Michigan’s Constitution (CPMC) opposes Proposal 4 arguing that home care workers are not employed by the state but by their clients, and, therefore, should not have collective bargaining rights and pay union dues. CPMC states that the federal Home Help Program is already in existence to allow seniors and disabled people to receive care at home instead of at a nursing facility. Most seniors in the program use family members to provide the services. CPMC argues that this proposal would hijack the Michigan Constitution to allow unionization of caregivers as state employees.

For more information, go to www.careformich.com

For more information go to www.handsoffourconstitution.com

38 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

Statewide Proposals
OFFICIAL BALLOT LANGUAGE with PRO and CON STATEMENTS
DISCLAIMER: The Pro and Con statements for the six statewide ballot proposals reflect the views of their major proponents and opponents as expressed on their websites and other supporting documentation referenced. The inclusion of the views of the various groups is solely in the interest of public service. The League of Women Voters takes no responsibility for the views or facts of the groups.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-5
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION TO LIMIT THE ENACTMENT OF NEW TAXES BY STATE GOVERNMENT
This proposal would: Require a 2/3 majority vote of the State House and the State Senate, or a statewide vote of the people at a November election, in order for the State of Michigan to impose new or additional taxes on taxpayers or expand the base of taxation or increasing the rate of taxation. This section shall in no way be construed to limit or modify tax limitations otherwise created in this Constitution.

Official Ballot Language - PROPOSAL 12-6
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION REGARDING CONSTRUCTION OF INTERNATIONAL BRIDGES AND TUNNELS
This proposal would: • Require the approval of a majority of voters at a statewide election and in each municipality where “new international bridges or tunnels for motor vehicles” are to be located before the State of Michigan may expend state funds or resources for acquiring land, designing, soliciting bids for, constructing, financing, or promoting new international bridges or tunnels. • Create a definition of “new international bridges or tunnels for motor vehicles” that means, “any bridge or tunnel which is not open to the public and serving traffic as of January 1, 2012.”

Should this proposal be approved? YES

NO Should this proposal be approved? YES NO

YES
The Michigan Alliance for Prosperity (MAP) proposed this constitutional amendment to make it harder to raise taxes in Michigan by requiring two-thirds of the Legislature or the voters of Michigan to approve them. Eighteen other states have similar requirements. Sponsors believe the amendment will enhance consensus between political parties, control spending and lower taxes. Currently in Michigan the sales tax cannot be increased without a vote of citizens and educational property taxes (6 mills) require a three-fourths majority vote of the Legislature to raise them. However, property taxes, income taxes, and use taxes can be increased by a majority vote of the Legislature. MAP wants to make tax increases the last resort for politicians by demanding broadbased support. If there are urgent circumstances that truly require increasing taxes on Michigan families and businesses, the two-thirds requirement means politicians have to make a broadly compelling case to the public. Proposal supporters believe tax increases can have far-reaching and long term impact on the state’s taxpayers and economy. Therefore, a more stringent legislative requirement than a simple majority vote should be needed to add a new tax, expand the tax base or increase the tax rate.

YES
People Should Decide asserts that Michigan taxpayers could end up footing the bill for a multi-billion dollar new bridge to Canada, at a time when we need to be investing in jobs and schools. Proposal 6 will give the people a voice in how public money is spent on international crossings by requiring a vote at a statewide election and in each municipality in which there would be a new international bridge before state funds or resources could be used. The Detroit International Bridge Company (DIBC) has offered to build a privatelyfunded second span adjacent to the Ambassador Bridge which it owns. The New International Trade Crossing (NITC) bridge in another location will draw substantial traffic from the Blue Water Bridge, Detroit-Windsor Tunnel, and Ambassador Bridge. Truck traffic volumes in 2010 for all Michigan to Canada links were down since their peak in 2005, not up as projected. People Should Decide posits that the NITC project is economically unviable and risky for Michigan taxpayers as cost and volume forecasts are uncertain. A joint authority will oversee design, construction, and operation and so use of American materials and labor is not guaranteed.

For more information go to http://miprosperity.com/.

For more information go to www.thepeopleshoulddecide.com.

NO
Defend Michigan Democracy (DMD) opposes the proposal to amend Michigan’s Constitution to require a supermajority vote of the Legislature or a vote of Michigan citizens to raise taxes. DMD argues this proposal would allow a minority of Legislators to thwart the majority of elected officials and will make it more difficult to fund public services such as roads, schools and state police. Opponents note that the proposal will make it more difficult to eliminate tax expenditures (loopholes) in order to make the tax system more equitable. Additionally, opponents note the proposal will lock the state into a tax system that may not meet the future needs of Michigan. For example, had this requirement been in effect in 2010 it would have prevented replacing the Michigan Business Tax with the Corporate Income Tax. A coalition of Michigan Republicans, Democrats, businesses, workers, health care providers, educators, universities, human service providers, mayors, police officers and firefighters argue that lobbyists and billionaires controlling a minority of 13 State Senators could create gridlock. States with supermajority requirements are the poorest (Mississippi), have highest unemployment (Nevada) and exhibit dysfunctional government (California). Majority rule has been the foundation of our democracy.

NO
Taxpayers Against Monopolies which opposes Proposal 6 notes that this amendment is funded by Ambassador Bridge’s owner. The amendment would impact future crossings. Michigan and Canadian officials signed an agreement in June to build the New International Trade Crossing (NITC). One-quarter of all U.S.-Canada trade (world’s largest two-way relationship) crosses the Ambassador Bridge each year. NITC supporters point to a projected doubling of truck traffic between Detroit and Windsor by 2035. The second bridge two miles downriver will provide a direct highway-to-highway connection between the U.S. and Canada and provide much needed redundancy critical to national and economic security. U.S. and Canadian environmental clearances have been received. Estimates are 10,000 Michigan construction workers would be hired for Michigan side and completed bridge would support 25,000 more Michigan jobs. The agreement states: “The Michigan Parties are NOT obligated to pay any of the costs of the new International Crossing.” Private investors will fund the bridge. Canada will pay $550 million for Michigan’s share of custom’s plaza, I-75 connection, and toll plaza. U.S. will pay balance of custom’s plaza cost. Canada and private investors will be repaid by tolls collected. Canada has responsibility for any shortfall.

For more information go to http://defendmidemocracy.com/.

For more information go to http://buildthedricnow.com

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ® H 39

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How can I Vote if...?
... I’m homeless

When you register to vote, you may use the address of the shelter where you You must register to vote where you maintain your principal residence in sleep or the two nearest cross-streets to where you sleep at night. the state. You can register at your campus address or your address where you previously resided if that is still your “principal” residence. If you have ... I have a criminal record a Michigan Driver’s License, your license address must be the same as your Unless you’re currently incarcerated after conviction, you can vote. Exvoter registration address and changing one of those addresses will automatioffenders automatically regain the right to vote after completion of a prison cally change the other. If you want to change where you’re registered to vote, sentence. It is recommended that ex-offenders update their voter registrado it 30 days before the election so you’ll be on the list at the polls on election tion after they leave jail or prison. day.

... I’m a college student living away from home

… I’m awaiting trial in jail ... I’m in the military

You can vote by absentee ballot. Your local clerk, if asked, will send you an application for an absentee ballot and you can have your ballot sent to you. If you’re out of state in the military, your last Michigan voter registration is still valid. For instructions and assistance, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program at http://www.fvap.gov/ If you registered to vote by mail from outside the U.S., you can vote by absentee ballot and the voter registration deadline of October 9 does not apply to you. This provision also applies to spouses and dependents of members of the armed forces.

If you register to vote at home and want to vote by absentee ballot, you need to either register to vote in person at the local clerk’s office or a Secretary of State branch office or visit the clerk’s office before you ask for an absentee ballot so that the clerk can verify your ID.

... English is not my primary language

In two townships in Michigan, ballots printed in Spanish are required: Clyde Twp. in Allegan County and Buena Vista Twp. in Saginaw County. However, other areas may have them available, and requests for non-English ballots should go to your county clerk. You are allowed to bring someone to the polls with you to assist you in reading the ballot.

BEFORE YOU VOTE
• • • • What’s on the ballot Who are the candidates What are their views on issues What do the proposals say

go to

Also available on VOTE411:

If you have a Local League in your area, VOTE411 may also include: • Local judicial, county, township, city, village, school district, and community college races • County and local ballot proposals Go to VOTE411.org and enter your voting address to see the races relevant to your ballot. We have a long ballot in Michigan so, depending on where you live, you may see lots of races. To see whether your area has a Local League, go to LWVMI.org and click on Find Your Local League. Visit your League’s website for other available election information. The Presidential information was provided by the League of Women Voters Education Fund of the League of Women Voters of the United States and contains candidates meeting their national criteria.

All 110 State Representative races in Michigan.

Find ALL your federal and state races on VOTE411.org

Included is every candidate race and state ballot proposal in this printed guide.

40 H LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF MICHIGAN 2012 NONPARTISAN VOTER GUIDE ®

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League of Women Voters of Michigan Education Fund
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Clip & take to the polls

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 2012 • Polls will be open 7 a.m. – 8 p.m.
On the PARTISAN SECTION of the ballot, you may vote for all candidates of any one party OR you may vote for candidates from different parties in different races. In any case, be sure to ALSO VOTE the NONPARTISAN and PROPOSAL SECTIONS of the ballot.

PARTISAN
President/Vice President _____________________________________________________________ U.S. Senate_________________________________________________ U.S. Representative___________________________________________ State Board of Education (2) University of Michigan (2) Michigan State University (2) Wayne State University (2) 1)___________________________ 1)___________________________ 1)___________________________ 1)___________________________ 2)__________________________ 2)__________________________ 2)__________________________ 2)__________________________

NONPARTISAN
Supreme Court – Full Term (2) 1)_________________________ Supreme Court – Partial Term (1) __________________________ 2)__________________________

Court of Appeals ____________________________________

State Ballot PROPOSALS 1._________________
3._________________ 5._________________

2._________________ 4._________________ 6._________________

Election Inspectors have the right to ask voters entering the polls to remove campaign buttons or cover up clothing bearing a campaign slogan or a candidate’s name. Voters may also be told to conceal campaign literature or materials brought into the polls.

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