SECTION 2 Time – 30 minutes 39 Questions 6.

2020 PT 6 | Grammar Unlike sight, hearing is enhanced underwater because water transmits the pressure waves of sound much more rapidly and effectively than does air. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Unlike sight, hearing is Unlike sight, hearing which is Unlike sight, you have hearing Hearing, unlike sight, Hearing, unlike sight, being

1.

The spongelike texture of the rocks is thought of as having been caused by bursting bubbles of volcanic gases. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) is thought of as having been make it seem that they were are thought to be makes them thought of as being is thought to have been

7.

To pay homage to her, John Lennon’s mother was the subject of his poignant song “Julia.” (A) To pay homage to her, John Lennon’s mother was the subject of his poignant song “Julia.” (B) John Lennon paid homage to his mother by making her the subject of his poignant song “Julia.” (C) Paying homage to her, the subject of the poignant song “Julia” is John Lennon’s mother. (D) “Julia” is poignant song whose subject is John Lennon’s mother, he pays homage to her. (E) John Lennon’s mother was the subject of his poignant song “Julia,” to pay homage to her.

2.

The theory of relativity maintains that space is curved, this is a concept that some of us can barely understand. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) this is a concept that some of us can barely understand which is a concept that some of us cannot barely understand a concept that some of us can barely understand that is a concept just barely understood by some of us a concept that some of us cannot barely understand

3.

We should be as concerned about the pollution of our language by the mass media as we are about the pollution of our rivers by industry. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) we are about the pollution of we are concerned over the polluting the pollution caused in well as with the polluting of with the pollution in

8.

The region experienced an extraordinarily dry summer and is now suffering a severe drought. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) is now suffering a severe drought now the drought it has is severe it has been followed now by a severe drought then it had a drought that is severe next it suffered a severe drought

4.

That the Sun itself moves through space being demonstrated by Sir William Herschel, who had studied the motions of some of the brighter stars. (A) That the Sun itself moves through space being demonstrated by (B) That the Sun itself moves through space was demonstrated by (C) Demonstrating that the Sun itself moves through space, (D) That one which was demonstrating that the Sun itself moves through space was (E) The Sun itself moving through space demonstrated by

9.

As early as the fifth century A.D., caves being carved into the cliffs of the Tian Shan range in China as shrines and places of worship for devotees of Buddhism. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) caves being carved caves carved caves that were carved caves were carving caves were carved

10. Since the deregulation of the industry, children’s television shows based on commercial products have emerged, blurring the distinction between advertisements and programs. 5. The tall, slender larch tree is easy to recognize as well as yielding a durable timber. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) tree is easy to recognize as well as yielding a durable timber tree, being easily recognizable, also yields a durable timber tree, which is easy to recognize, yields a durable timber tree yields a durable timber, while being easy to recognize tree, not only yielding a durable timber, is easy for one to recognize (A) blurring the distinction between advertisements and programs (B) this blurred the distinction between advertisements and programs (C) distinctions between advertisements and programs become blurred as a result (D) they blur the distinction between advertisements and programs (E) a blurred distinction between advertisements and programs resulted

 

 

 

2020 PT 6 | Grammar 16. The use of herbs is becoming increasingly popular in today’s health-conscious society, herbs can reduce the amount of salt needed in cooking. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) society, herbs can reduce society, for herbs can reduce society, herbs are reducing society; herbs can be reducing society; since herbs reduce

11. Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, he abandoned his native city for Portugal and a career at sea. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Genoa, he abandoned his native city Genoa and abandoning his native city Genoa but abandoned his native city Genoa, his native city being abandoned Genoa; therefore he abandoned his native city

12. Ms. Allen asked her drama class members whether they preferred the plays of Anton Chekhov more than Henrik Ibsen. (A) whether they preferred the plays of Anton Chekhov more than (B) if they would find Anton Chekhov preferable over (C) whether they preferred the plays of Anton Chekhov to those of (D) whether they preferred Anton Chekhov more than the plays of (E) did they like the plays of Anton Chekhov better than their liking of the plays of

17. The Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold deposit, was discovered by the Grosch brothers, but it was named after a grocer. (A) The Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold deposit, was discovered by the Grosch brothers, but it was (B) The Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold deposit, had been discovered by the Grosch brothers; but it was (C) The Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold deposit, discovered by the Grosch brothers, but (D) The Grosch brothers discovered the Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold deposit, but it had been (E) The Grosch brothers discovered the Comstock Lode, and it was a rich silver and gold deposit, but was

13. Mayan civilization flourished during the first millennium A.D., creating monumental architecture, conducting sophisticated commercial transactions, and they developed an advanced system of writing. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) and they developed an advanced system of writing and developing an advanced system of writing and, as well, they developed an advanced system of writing while an advanced system of writing was developing and the development of an advanced system of writing

18. The clarity of image in Ansel Adams’ photography is far superior to other photographers. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) to other photographers to that in the work of other photographers than that in other photographers than other photographers than compared with the work of other photographers

14. R.N. Dett, composer and choir director, who trained one of the best choirs in the country at Hampton Institute. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) director, who trained director, who was training director, and he trained director and trainer of director, trained

19. Radioactive gases and particles seem to present a serious danger in a Colorado town, having formerly mined uranium there. (A) seem to present a serious danger in a Colorado town, having formerly mined uranium there (B) in a Colorado town seem to be presenting a serious danger; it is where uranium formerly has been mined (C) seems to present a serious danger in a Colorado town where uranium formerly was mined (D) in a Colorado town where uranium was formerly mined seem to present a serious danger (E) in a Colorado town where uranium formerly was mined seems to have presented a serious danger

15. Florence Nightingale comforted the sick and wounded, and, more important, by her successful campaign, sanitation standards were raised in all hospitals. (A) by her successful campaign, sanitation standards were raised in all hospitals (B) she campaigned successfully to raise sanitation standards in all hospitals (C) her successful campaign made sanitation standards of all hospitals rise (D) all hospital sanitation standards were raised when she was successful in her campaign (E) by her successful campaign, hospital sanitation standards rose

20) In order to make a profit consistently, it requires a great tax reduction for farmers. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) it requires a great tax reduction for farmers great tax reductions for farmers are required farmers must have their taxes greatly reduced farmers’ taxes must be reduced greatly there must be a great tax reduction for farmers

 
21.

 

 
A

2020 PT 6 | Grammar 28. Medical students who agree to practice medicine in a
A

If you are planning on applying to law school, one should take undergraduate course in philosophy and political science and become involved in community projects
B C

geographical area where there is a shortage of doctors are
B

eligible for special scholarships. No error
C D E

requiring practical problem-solving. No error
D E

29. 22. Recordings of studio performances have reached such
A

Astronomy is one of the few areas of scientific research
A

in which amateurs using relatively inexpensive equipment
B C

inhuman perfection as some music lovers now prefer to
B C D

might still have made significant contributions. No error
D E

purchase recordings of live performances only. No error
E

30. 23. The preservation of the Canadian musk-ox, an animal
A

In dating unknown works of art, scholars become
A B

detectives, following down clues and working out theories
C

once threatened by total extinction, is one of the
B C

that fit the available facts. No error
D E E

high praised efforts of wildlife conservationists. No error
D

31. 24. Looking out at the rolling hills from the bus window,
A B

Pictures of vipers drawn on the walls of caves suggest
A B

that prehistoric hunters may have used snake charms
C

Samuel breathed a sigh of relief; everything was as he had
C

for bringing good luck. No error
D E

remembered them. No error
D E

32. 25. The manufacturer is voluntarily recalling all cars of this
A

People were employed to perform one tiny part of one
A

process in one department of one industry, and so having no
B

model so that their engine mounts could be replaced
B C

sense of the process as a whole. No error
C D E

or reinforced. No error
D E

33. 26. The Chinese name for China is Zhonggua, which means
A

The charm of Lofting’s book lies in the humorous reversal
A B

of roles – the animals guide, assist and generally they take
C D

“central land” and reflects the ancient Chinese belief that
B C

care of the helpless humans. No error
E

China was the geographical center of the world. No error
D E

34. 27. Although both O’Neill and Albee are judged to be superb
A B

The governor’s aides are convinced that the announcement
A

of the investigation, coming just days before the filing
B

American playwrights, most critics consider O’Neill’s plays
C

deadline, were calculated to discourage the governor
C

greater than Albee. No error
D E

from running for reelection. No error
D E

 

 

 

2020 PT 6 | Grammar

Questions 35-39 refer to the following passage.

(1) My favorite vacation started out as a pleasure trip and ended up as an educational experience I will never forget. (2) Last March I went with my Spanish club to Cancún, Mexico. (3) At the club’s weekly meetings, members are allowed to speak only in Spanish. (4) All year long we looked forward to the trip. (5) On the third day in Cancún, our adviser, Ms. Fuentes, helped us organize an excursion to Chichén Itzá. (6) A famous archaeological site on the Yucatán Peninsula, and it is one of the places where the Mayan Indians once lived. (7) The ancient Mayans were a very advanced society, they had a complex alphabet, calendar, and system of mathematics. (8) This advanced society vanished from Chichén Itzá in about the year 514. (9) Maybe it was because of an invasion by a tribe called the Toltecs. (10) Later, Spanish explorers destroyed most Mayan records, and not many exist. (11) The history of the Mayans has been passed down mainly through stories. (12) The huge pyramid at Chichén Itzá proves how much the Mayans knew about architecture and astronomy. (13) The pyramid had been built so that on the two days of the equinox each year, shadows appear on the pyramid in the shape of the serpent god Kukulcán. (14) My friends and I were lucky to be with thousands of visitors who had to come to see this spectacle on the first day of spring.

37. Which of the following is the best version of the underlined portion of sentence 7 (reproduced below)? The ancient Mayans were a very advanced society, they had a complex alphabet, calendar, and system of mathematics. (A) (B) (C) (D) (As it is now) The ancient Mayans, a very advanced society with The ancient Mayans were a very advanced society with Naturally, the ancient Mayans were a very advanced society who had (E) It should be noted that the ancient Mayans were a very advanced society because of

38. In context, which of the following is the best version of the underlined portion of sentence 9 (reproduced below)? Maybe it was because of an invasion by a tribe called the Toltecs. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (as it is now) the mystery was the defeat was it resulted it disappeared

39. To improve the essay, which sentence should be deleted? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Sentence 3 Sentence 4 Sentence 11 Sentence 13 Sentence 14

35. Which sentence is best to insert before sentence 5 to begin the second paragraph? (A) (B) (C) (D) Finally, we were taking a trip to make use of our Spanish. Not long ago Cancún was just a small fishing village. Someone told us that “Cancún” really means “snake nest”. We spent the beginning of our stay on the beach and at the market. (E) Many descendants of the ancient Mayans still live in Mexico and in parts of South America.

36. Which of the following is the best version of the underlined portion of sentence 6 (reproduced below)? A famous archaeological site on the Yucatán Peninsula, and it is one of the places where the Mayan Indians once lived. (A) (As it is now) (B) It is a famous archaeological site on the Yucatán Peninsula, and it is (C) We visited a famous archaeological site on the Yucatán Peninsula and (D) Chichén Itzá, a famous archaeological site on the Yucatán Peninsula and (E) A famous arcaheological site on the Yucatán Peninsula, Chichén Itzá is

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