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Plants for Atlantic Coastal Restoration

Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes
Scientific Name Common Name National Wetland Indicator Status UPL, FACUAmerican Beachgrass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 42 KB)

Adaptation

Useful Documents

Ammophila breviligulata

American beachgrass

Dune

American Beachgrass Plant Guide (PDF; 171 KB)

'Cape' American Beachgrass Conservation Plant Release (PDF)

Beachgrass Planting Guide for Volunteers and Municipalities. (PDF; 687 Kb) Distichlis spicata * saltgrass, seashore saltgrass, Inland saltgrass, spike grass, alkali grass Cladium jamaicense Eleocharis cellulosa Juncus effusus gulf coast spikerush soft rush, common rush Juncus roemerianus * black needlerush Saline and Brackish Marshes Black Needlerush Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 51 KB) Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhlenbergia filipes gulfhairawn muhly Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Sea Islands Germplasm Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 172kb) Panicum amarum Var. amarulum coastal panicgrass Dune FACU-, FAC 'Atlantic' Coastal Panicgrass Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 110 Coastal Panic Grass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 66 KB) FACU Gulfhairawn Muhly Plant Guide (PDF; 90 KB) hairawn muhly Dune FACU sawgrass Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Tidal Freshwater Marsh FACW+, OBL OBL Black Needlerush Plant Guide (PDF; 60 KB) Common Rush Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 55 KB) OBL Gulf Coast Spikerush Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 217 KB) OBL Saline, Brackish, and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Saltgrass Distichlis spicata Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 252K) FACW+ Seashore Saltgrass Plant Guide (PDF; 89 KB)

KB) Panicum amarum bitter panicum Dune FACU-, FAC Bitter Panicum Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 205 KB) Bitter Panicum Plant Guide (PDF; 86 KB)

Northpa and Southpa, bitter panicum (Panicum amarum). (PDF; 133 KB) Panicum hemitomon * Maidencane Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 81 KB) maidencane Tidal Freshwater Marsh OBL Maidencane Plant Guide (PDF; 83 KB)

Citrus Germplasm Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 212 KB) Paspalum vaginatum seashore paspalum Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes OBL, FACW Seashore Paspalum Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 138 KB) Panicum virgatum switchgrass Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes UPL, FACW High Tide Germplasm Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 133 KB) Schizachyrium maritimum Schizachyrium littorale coastal little bluestem, seacoast bluestem Schoenoplectus californicus California bulrush California Bullrush Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 73 KB) Tidal Freshwater Marsh OBL Coastal Little Bluestem Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 280 KB) California Bullrush Plant Guide (PDF; 69 KB) Dune Dune Crest Germplasm Coastal Little Bluestem Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 180 KB) gulf bluestem Dune FAC+ Gulf Bluestem Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 93 KB) Switchgrass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 67 KB) Seashore Paspalum Plant Guide (PDF; 168 KB)

Planting Guidelines for California bulrush (Schoenopletus californicus) (PDF; 2.2MB) Schoenoplectus robustus Spartina alterniflora * saltmarsh bulrush smooth cordgrass Saline and Brackish Marshes Saline and Brackish Marshes Smooth Cordgrass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 182 KB) OBL Smooth Cordgrass Plant Guide (PDF; 198 KB) OBL Saltmarsh Bulrush Plant Guide (PDF; 175 KB)

Planting Guidelines for Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) (PDF; 2.5MB)

Spartina patens *

marshay cordgrass, saltmeadow cordgrass

Saline and Brackish Marshes

FACW

Saltmeadow Cordgrass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 250 KB)

Planting Guide for 'Avalon' Saltmeadow Cordgrass Planting Guide (PDF; 63 KB)

'Avalon' Saltmeadow cordgrass Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 183 KB) Spartina spartinae gulf cordgrass Brackish and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Sporobolus virginicus Uniola paniculata seashore dropseed seaoats Dune FACU Seaoats Plant Guide (PDF; 72 KB) Saline Marsh OBL, FACW FACW+ Seashore Dropseed Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 80 KB) Gulf Cordgrass Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 80 KB)

Forbs and Wildflowers
Scientific Name Common Name National Wetland Indicator Status OBL, FACW FACFACU, FACUbeach sunflower Dune FACU, FAC Hudsonia tomentosa Ipomoea imperati beach morningglory Ipomoea pescaprae Sesuvium portulacastrum Solidago sempervirens seaside goldenrod Saline, Brackish, and Saline Marshes and Dune FACW, FACWMonarch Germplasm Seaside Goldenrod (PDF; 352 KB) sea purslane Saline Marsh and Dune FACW railroad vine Dune Dune FACU, FAC FAC beach heather Dune Beach Heather Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 136kb) Beach Sunflower Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 273 KB) Partridge Pea Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 241 KB)

Adaptation

Useful Documents

Borrichia frutescens Canavalia rosea Chamaecrista fasciculata Helianthus debilis

sea oxeye daisy

Saline and Brackish Marsh

beach bean partridge pea

Dune Dune

Trees and Shrubs
Scientific Name Common Name National Wetland Indicator Status FACU

Adaptation

Useful Documents

Argusia gnaphalodes Avicennia germinans

sea lavender, sea rosemary black mangrove

Dune

Saline Marsh and Mangrove Swamp

OBL

Black Mangrove Plant Guide (PDF; 140 KB)

Black Mangrove Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 78kb)

Planting Guidelines for Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) (PDF; 687KB) Baccharis halimifolia eastern baccharis Saline and Brackish Marsh, and Tidal Freshwater Marshes Celtis laevigata sugarberry, texas sugarberry, hackberry Chrysobalanus icaco Coccoloba uvifera Conocarpus erectus Ilex cassine Iva frutescens dahoon holly marsh elder, Jesuit's bark Iva imbricata seashore elder Dune Dune Saline and Brackish FACW FACW, FACW+ FACW, FACWLaguncularia racemosa Lycium caroliniamum white mangrove salt matrimony vine, Carolina wolf berry, Christmas berry, and Saline Marsh, Dune FACW Salt Matrimony Vine for Coastal Wetlands Planting Brochure (PDF; 432 KB) Mangrove Swamp FACW+ Marsh Elder, Jesuit's Bark Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 188 KB) seagrape buttonwood Dune Mangrove Swamp FAC FACW+ cocoplum Dune FACW Saline Marsh, Dune FACW, UPL Sugarberry for Coastal Wetlands Planting Brochure (PDF; 366 KB) FAC, FACWEastern Baccharis Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 267 KB) Sugarberry Plant Guide (PDF; 148 KB) Eastern Baccharis Plant Guide (PDF; 157 KB)

Carolina Desert Thorn Magnolia grandiflora Morella cerifera southern magnolia wax myrtle Tidal Freshwater Marsh, Tidal Swamps, and Dunes Morella pensylvanica 'Wildwood' Bayberry Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 166 KB) Morus rubra red mulberry Saline marsh, Dune FAC, FACU Red Mulberry for Coastal Wetlands Planting Brochure (PDF; 380 KB) Nyssa biflora blackgum, swamp tupelo Tidal Freshwater Marsh, Tidal Swamps, and Dunes Persea palustris Prunus maritima swamp bay beach plum Tidal Swamp Dune Beach Plum Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 144 KB) OBL Swamp Tupelo Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 52 KB) Red Mulberry Plant Guide (PDF; 141 KB) bayberry Dune FAC Bayberry Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 86 KB) Tidal Swamp FAC+, FACFAC+, FAC Wax Myrtle Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 45 KB)

'Ocean View' Beach Plum Conservation Plant Release (PDF; 173 KB) Rhizophora mangle Sabal palmetto cabbage palm Brackish Marsh, Mangrove Swamp, Tidal Swamp, and Dune Suriana maritima Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress Plant Fact Sheet (PDF; 75 KB) bay cedar bald cypress Dune Tidal Swamp FACW+ OBL Bald Cypress Plant Guide (PDF;71 KB) FAC Cabbage Palmetto Plant Guide (PDF; 100 KB) red mangrove Mangrove Swamp OBL

Technical Documents

Survival of the Coastal Halophyte Seabeach Amaranth (Amaranthus pumilis) in Loamy Soils. (PDF; 214 KB) William skaradek. 2005. USDA NRCS Cape May PMC, Cape May Court House NJ. January 2005. 3p. (ID# 6043)

Measures for stabilizing coastal dunes. (PDF; 1.2 MB) Surrency, D. and Jimmy Carter Plant Materials Center. 1992. USDA-NRCS,

Athens, GA. Aug. 1992. 14p. (ID# 3023)

Vegetation for Tidal Shoreline Stabilization in the Mid-Atlantic States. (PDF; 2.6 MB) (ID# 2659)

Native Plants for Coastal Dune Restoration: What, When, and How for Florida (PDF; 12 MB) M.J. Williams. 2007. Florida NRCS, Gainesville, FL. 51p. (ID# 7474)

Vendors and Growers
Cape May PMC Plant Vendors list. (PDF; 53K) Christopher Miller. 2010. Cape May Court House, NJ. 4p. (ID# 9907) Coastal Wetland Plant Vendors for Louisiana (PDF; 59kb) Morris Houck. 2009. Alexandria, LA. Revised May 2010. 3p. (ID# 9049)