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The maximum length of the vessel measured from the extreme ford point of the vessel to the extreme aft point parallel to the waterline. For anchoring turning circle. 2. What do you understand by the word L.B.P? for what purpose? Length between perpendiculars is a term referring to the length of a vessel along the waterline from the fwd surface of the stem to the after surface of the sternpost OR The distance between the ford and aft perpendiculars. Calculate hydrostatics draft and MCTC.

3. Definition of Moulded Depth, Moulded Breadth, Freeboard, Moulded Draft. How to obtain? Moulded Depth is the vertical distance measured from the top of the keel to the underside of the upperdeck at side. Moulded Breadth is the transverse distance between the moulded surfaces of the side shell plating measured at the widest portion of a ships hull

Freeboard is the vertical distance, measured at the ships side, from the waterline to the top of the freeboard deck edge.The freeboard measurement is taken at the midships point. Deck edge is marked by a painted line 25mm x 100mm, above the plimsoll line. (statutory freeboard is the vertical distance measured from the upper edge of the assigned deckline to the upper edge of the loadline; this calculated height governs the maximum quatity of cargo a ship can legally load.)

Moulded Draft is the distance measured vertically on the ship midship transverse section from the bottom of the keel to the summer loadline. 4. Your Chief Officer just come back from shore, drunk. He ask you to find out the ship current displacement, How do you reply him? Ship's hydrostatics table. A merchant vessel has six sets of draft marks: forward, midships, and astern on both the port and starboard sidesThese drafts can allow the determination of a ship's displacement to an accuracy of 0.5%. First, the individual drafts are averaged to find a mean draft. Then the mean draft is entered into the ship's hydrostatic tables, giving a displacement. 5. Draw a cross section of a cargo hold. General Cargo.

6. What is the function of a lightening hole? Holes cut into floors, or intercostals to reduce the weight content of the ships build and to provide access to tank areas (with minimal loss of strength or structural integrity) 7. How cargo battens are fitted onto the frame? Cargo battens are fitted fore and aft horizontally/vertically inside the ships frames in the holds and tweendecks at a regular distance of approximately 30 centimeters to prevent contact between the cargo and the frames or shell plating to keep cargo off the steel work of the ships side. Contact between the shell plate and the cargo tends to lead to excessive cargo sweat damage, and to prevent this occurrence cargo battens are secured in cleats throughout a cargo hold and tween deck. 8. Definitions of flat bar stiffeners, deck girder, beam knee, plate floor, side girder, centre girder, tank top ceiling, frame. Flat bar stiffeners

Deck Girders Steel sections, which support the deck similar to the beams but in the longitudinal or fore and aft direction OR a longitudinal web structure/girder used to strengthen and support a deck. Bean Knee A bracket connecting a deck beam and frame; usually triangular in shape OR bracket located at the end of deck beams that connects the beam and frame to shell plating to resist racking, heavy weights or localized stresses. Plate Floor A steel plate which is welded to the floor of the hull. Runs longitudinally throughout the hull floor. Side Girder Inter-coastal plates that are used to join two floor plates OR A side girder in the fore and aft line sited either side of the keel. Integral connection with the tank top and the ships bottom plating and rigidly connected by floors.

Centre Girder Tank Top Ceiling This is a wooden sheathing over the double bottom tank tops, usually in way of the hatch, providing the tank tops with some protection from wear and tear. The ceiling also assists ventilation and drainage of cargoes, and with many cargoes relieves the necessity for laying of double dunnage Frame Internal support member for the shell plating (Figure 1.21).Vessels may beframed transversely or longitudinally. 9. Corrugated bulkhead is normally used in which type of vessel? Draw. What is the purpose? Why? Advantage?

(a) horizontal (large)

(b) horizontal (small)

(c) vertical (large)

(d) vertical (small)

Corrugated bulkheads are often used in chemical tankers and product tankers in order to help facilitate cargo tank washing efficiently, minimizing cargo residue.

A corrugated plate is stronger than a flat plate without stiffening if subject to bending moment or a pillar load along the corrugations. Corrugations (or swedges) are formed on a corrugated bulkhead to eliminate the need to fit the vertical stiffener, as in those of the plain bulkhead. The elimination of vertical stiffeners also results in saving in steel weight and cost of stiffeners. To apply complete cargo tank washing, it is most important not to create shadow areas caused by internal structures. The large web frames and stiffeners provided on the boundaries of the

cargo tanks easily become complicated shadow objects. Even though the number of cargo tank cleaning machines is increasing, it is very difficult to completely wash the stiffened surfaces with such machines. To solve this problem, corrugated bulkheads have been applied to chemical and product tanker s to convert the cargo tank boundaries into more easily accessible plane surfaces. Such plane surfaces, of course, contribute to minimizing the amount of remaining cargo itself after unloading and also help facilitate easier coating and inspection of corrugated bulkheads as a result. 10. What is TEU? What is twenty footer? dimension? Standard twenty-foot equivalent unit. A 20-foot-long (6.1 m) ISO container. 20x8x8. Height not standardized. 11. How do you load 5000 TEU of cargo? The order of loading, when the large container vessels are carrying currently up to 9500 teus must be well-planned and considered as a detailed operation. Planners are usually employed ashore to provide a practical order of loading, particularly important when the vessel is scheduled to discharge at two or three or more terminal ports (Figure 6.32). Once loading in the cell guides is complete, the pontoon steel hatch covers, common to container vessels, are replaced and secured. Containers are then stowed on deck in stacks often as high as six tiers. The overall height of the deck stowage container stack may well be determined by the construction of the vessel. It must allow sufficient vision for bridge watchkeepers, to be able to carry out their essential lookout duties.The stability criteria of the vessel, when carrying containers on deck,must also be compatible with the stowage tonnage below decks. Any deck stowage requires effective securing and this is achieved usually by a rigging gang based at the terminal. As the stack is built up, each container is secured by means of specialized fittings, between containers themselves and to the ships structure. 12. What is Grain Capacity? Draw out and explain. The maximum space available for cargo measured in cubic feet, the measurement being taken to the inside of the shell plating of the ship or to the outside of the frames and to the top of the beam or underside of the deck plating. It is a measurement of capacity for cargo like grain, where the cargo flows to conform to the shape of the ship.

13. What is Bale capacity? The space available for cargo measured in cubic feet to the inside of the cargo battens, on the frames, and to the underside of the beams. It is a measurement of capacity for cargo in bales, on pallets, etc., where the cargo does not conform to the shape of the ship.

14. What is Gross Tonnage? Why no unit? What's the formula?

Gross Tonnage (GT) is defined as that measurement of the internal capacity

of the ship. The Gross Tonnage value is determined by the formula: GT = K1V when K1 =0.2 +0.02 log10V V = total volume of all enclosed spaces measured in cubic metres.

It should be noted that the word 'tons' is no longer to be applied since the gross and net tonnages are dimensionless, i.e. there are no physical units of tonnage. Hence the tonnage will be expressed as, e.g. the ship has 'Gross Tonnage of 12,345' without the addition of any units. 15. What is Net Tonnage? formula (both) Net Tonnage (NT) is that measurement which is intended to indicate the working/earning capacity of the vessel. Port and harbour dues are based on the gross and net tonnage figures. Net Tonnage for Passenger Ships, carrying more than 13 passengers is determined by the formula: Net Tonnage (NT) = K2Vc(4d/3D)2 + K3(N1+N2/10) Net Tonnage for other vessels: Net Tonnage (NT) = K2Vc(4d/3D)2 where, Vc = total volume of cargo spaces in cubic metres K2 = 0.2 + 0.02 log10 Vc (or as tabulated in Appendix 2 of the Convention) K3 = 1.25 (GT + 10,000)/10,000 D = moulded depth amidships in metres d = moulded draught amidships in metres (Summer Load Line draught) N1 = number of passengers in cabins with not more than 8 berths N2 = number of other passengers N1 + N2 = total number of passengers the ship is permitted to carry as indicated in the ship's passenger certificate; when N1 + N2 is less than 13, N1 and N2 shall be taken as zero GT= gross tonnage of the ship as determined above The factor (4d/3D)2 shall not be taken as greater than unity The term K2Vc(4d/3D)2 shall not be taken as less than 0.25 GT NT shall not be taken as less than 0.30 GT 16. What is displacement? Explain Load displacement and light displacement. Give examples. The displacement of a vessel is the weight of water it displaces, i.e. the weight of the vessel and all it contains. It is the immersed volume of the ship in cubic metres x density of the water, expressed in tonnes per cu. m. It is normal practice to regard the ships displacement as being that displacement when at her load draught (load displacement). Loaded displacement is defined as the weight of the ship including cargo, passengers, fuel, water, stores, dunnage and such other items necessary for use on a voyage, which brings the ship down to her load draft Lightship is defined as the extreme displacement of a ship, when fully equipped and ready for sea but without cargo, crew, passengers, fuel, ballast water, fresh water and, consumable stores.The boilers are filled with water to their working level. 17. Draw Loadline mark. (1/48 of summer draft between Tropical & Summer, is it fixed?) Label all the marking, the thickness of the lines. What is deck line?

SD= summer draft 25mm for the black lines 18. What is WNA? The Winter North Atlantic load line is used by vessels not exceeding 100 metres in length when in certain areas of the North Atlantic Ocean during the winter period. When assigned it is 50 millimetres below the winter mark 19. Draw your ship draft. 6.75m. (draw from those value you can see above the water line, from 7m)

20. How to take over as a second mate? mention bridge equipments 21. What is ISM? What are the contents inside? List out all chapters. What is interim cert? Interim SMC, DOC? International Safety Management. CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND CHAPTER 2 - LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENTS CHAPTER 3 - THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS CHAPTER 4 - CONDUCTING THE AUDIT CHAPTER 5 - THE ISM CODE CHAPTER 6 - REPORTING & FILING ETC CHAPTER 7 - PORT STATE CONTROL CHAPTER 8 PARTICULAR ISSUES ANNEXES; 22. How do you load 500tonnes of cable into cable tank? Procedure. Safety Precaution... etc 23. Capacity plan define it. draw out.

<strong>Second attempt session 1 (2.5hrs)</strong> What is GT and NT? Write out the formula. Why there is no unit? cos it is the calculation of the space. keel to funnel. Draw cross section transverse cargo hold. Name all parts ( beam knee, deck girder, side girder, continuous centre girder, outer shell plating, frame, stiffiners, cargo batten, limber board, tank side bracker, lightening holes, solid floor plating, bracket floor, tank top ceiling) Is tank top ceiling fixed? No. Replaceble. Understand the purpose and function of all parts of cargo hold. including strum box. What is cargo batten? different from spar ceiling? functions? How to take over as a second mate onboard tanker? Mention the handover reports, company SMS checklist. List out all the bridge equipment, and describe all. the function of equipments and limitation. Take over the taking/handing over report Role and responsibility can be found in company SMS (safety management system) manual. Bridge equipments- location, functions and limitations (GPS, GYRO, AIS, ARPA, MAGNETIC COMPASS, ECDIS, CHARTS) REFER to TARB assignment 8.1 ISM chapter 5 section 6 resource and personnel. Medical Locker How to load 200tonnes of cargo into 100cubic metre? stowage factor. define it and know the unit. load density plan. I will firstly check for stowage factor Stowage factor- The volume occupied by unit weight, this is usually expressed in cu.ft/ ton or cu.m/tonne, no account being taken of broken stowage. Load density- Maximum Weight which can be loaded safely in an Area of 1 Sq. M. without causing any Damages to that area is called the Load Density of the area. It is given in Ship's Stability Booklet and is expressed in m.t./Sq. M. What you understand abt IMDG? how many volumes? Supplement - emergency schedules. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code is accepted as an international guideline to the safe transportation or shipment of dangerous goods or hazardous materials by water on vessel. IMDG Code is intended to protect crew members and to prevent marine pollution in the safe transportation of hazardous materials by vessel. 2 VOLUMES + 1 SUPPLEMENT Volume 1 (parts 1, 2 and 4-7 of the Code) contains sections on: general provisions, definitions, training classification packing and tank provisions consignment procedures construction and testing of packagings, IBCs,large packagings, portable tanks and road tank vehicles transport operations

Volume 2 contains: the Dangerous Goods List (equivalent to the schedules in previous editions of the Code), presented in tabular format limited quantities exceptions the Index appendices

The Supplement contains the following texts related to the IMDG Code: EMS Guide Medical First Aid Guide Reporting Procedures Packing Cargo Transport Units Safe Use of Pesticides INF Code

The purpose of EMS (emergency schedules) contains emergency response procedures to provide guidance for dealing with fires and spillages (leakages) on board ships involving the dangerous goods listed in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code). Define light displacement. include: boiler filled up to working level. What's the purpose of LOA and LBP? LOA is for berthing arrangement, requirements of carriages of equipments, etc. LBP is for stability calculation. 2 types of stern. Cruiser stern and transom stern. Can you draw out transom stern and label the parts? No way A cruiser stern hangs over the water past the rudder of the vessel and is rounded. A transom stern is not rounded. It's a straight "flat" stern and sits directly over the rudder. This is the design you see on containerships and tankers today. It uses less steel and doesn't affect the efficiency of the vessel when underway.

<strong>Second attempt session 2 (3hrs)</strong> Take over as a 2nd mate onboard tanker; where to find the job scope of a second mate if the officer i am relieving signed off? company SMS. what the 2nd mate in charge of? navigating officers, medical, updating of charts and publications corrections, assist in cargo operations, LSA FFA. How do you know if the bridge equipment carried onboard comply with the requirement? Check Bridge inventory, Form E of the cargo ship safety equipment cert. Form E is extracted from SOLAS. Radar blind sector, shadow sector, how to determine the shadow sector. For checking of shadow sector, when the ship at anchoring, as the ship will swing accordance to the swinging circle, get a target, visually observe a target, check it on the radar, until the target detected on the radar, that's the end of the shadow sector. how find it onboard? the pilot card. How to check magnetic compass? What's the purpose of checking if there's any bubble inside the compass? Wet card and dry card compass, what's the different? Which one is better? why? Check magnetic heading with gyro heading with gyro error in mind. If magnetic least error east. Magnetic best error west.

A small bubble will not in itself affect the performance of the compass but may partially obscure the compass card. A larger bubble can have an adverse effect on performance. 1. Locate the filling screw on the side of the compass. Depending on the type of compass you own, the screw may be located at the rear. 2. Tip the compass carefully to access the screw. Loosen and remove it. 3. Insert the tip of an epoxy syringe into your container of new compass solution. Pull up on the syringe plunger to collect the solution. 4. Place the tip of the loaded syringe into the filling port. Depress the plunger to inject the solution into the compass. Agitate the compass to distribute the newly added oil and remove any remaining air pockets. For wet card compass liquid inside the compass housing effectively damped shock and vibration, while eliminating excessive swing and grounding of the card caused by the pitch and roll of the vessel. Draw out blind sector and shadow sector. What is the purpose of performing the Standard Performance Test? Ans: the efficiency of Magnetron. ISM code. What is the objectives? The objectives of the ISM Code are to ensure safety at sea, prevention of human injury, loss of life and the avoidance of damage to the environment, in particular to the marine environment. What is the functional requirement of SMS? Every Company should develop, implement and maintain a Safety Management System (SMS) which includes the following functional requirements: a safety and environmental protection policy; instructions and procedures to ensure safe operation of ships and protection of the environment in compliance with relevant international and flag State legislation; defined levels of authority and lines of communication between, and amongst, shore and shipboard personnel; procedures for reporting accidents and non-conformities with the provisions of this Code; procedures to prepare for and respond to emergency situations; and procedures for internal audits and management review

What the elements of the code? Desribe all 16 chapters, in particular to chap 7,8. PART A - IMPLEMENTATION Section 1 General- contains definitions and objective of the ISM. Section 2 Safety and Environmental Protection Policy- present the requirements of the company to produce a policy which would meet objectives laid out in section 1.2 and is implemented at both ship/shore level. Section 3 Company Responsibilities and Authority- responsibility of the company in documenting and defining personnel overseeing work pertaining to safety and pollution prevention and providing adequate resources to the appointed personnel. Section 4 Designated Person(s)- To provide the link between ship and company, monitoring the safety and pollution prevention aspects of the operation of each ship and ensuring that adequate resources and shore based support are applied, as required. Section 5 Masters Responsibility and Authority- Masters responsibility and authority in ship & her crew following companys safety and environmental-protection policy conscientiously.

Section 6 Resources and Personnel- The company should ensure that the master and crew are qualified and competent in assignments related to the safety and protection of the environment in compliance with the company SMS. Section 7 Development of Plans for Shipboard Operations- Procedures and checklist should be established by the company regarding key shipboard operations concerning the safety of the ship and the prevention of pollution. Section 8 Emergency Preparedness- The Company should establish procedures to identify describe and respond to potential emergency shipboard situations, programmes for emergency drills and exercises. Section 9 Reports and Analysis of Non-conformities, Accidents and Hazardous OccurrencesProcedures ensuring that non-conformities, accidents and hazardous situations are reported to the company, investigated and analyzed with the objective of improving safety and pollution prevention. The Company should establish procedures for the implementation of corrective action Section 10 Maintenance of the Ship and Equipment- The company shall establish procedures in its SMS of carrying out periodical inspections, reporting of non-conformity, corrective action taken and records of such activities maintained. Section 11 Documentation Section- The Company should establish and maintain procedures to control all documents and data which are relevant to the SMS. Obsolete document promptly removed. Section 12 Company Verification, Review and Evaluation- The Company should carry out internal safety audits to verify whether safety and pollution-prevention activities comply with the SMS. Part B Certification & Verification Section 13 Certification Periodic Verification- The ship should be operated by a company which has been issued with a Document of Compliance or with an Interim Document of Compliance issued by MPA. Not more than 5yrs validity. The validity of the DOC is subject to annual verification the window for which is three months either side of the anniversary date. If the annual verification is not requested or if there is evidence of major non-conformities then the DOC can be withdrawn. SMC valid for 5 years from date of completion of the initial audit, issued only after confirmation of issuance of full term DOC. Section 14 Interim Certification- Interim DOCs may be issued to a new company or when new ship types are to be added to an existing DOC. After an interim audit and Document Review, an Interim DOC may be issued. An Interim Safety Management Certificate may be issued: 1 to new ships on delivery .2 when a company takes on responsibility for the operation of a ship which is new to the company; or .3 when a ship changes flag. Valid for a period not more than 6 months, possible to extend a further 6 months. Section 15 Verification- All verifications required by the provisions of this Code should be carried out in accordance with procedures acceptable to the Administration Section 16 Forms of Certificates- the cerficates are to be in English or French with ship types indicated. DPA, what's his resposibility? he want to hear: he has been given the authority to make decision on behalf of the company management. How he ensure the safe operation of ship? He conduct internal audit, to ensure the crew training meets the requirements.

Intact stability. Draw the intact stability curve, label the GZ scale properly (e.g. 0.05, 0.10, 0.15---0.3). The stability of a body in watertight integrity condition.

Know what is the angle of flooding: the angle of heel at which the opening of the hull superstructure(the lowest part of vsl, e.g. watertight door, ventilator.) which cannot be closed weather tight are immersed. angle of vanishing stability at around 65deg. For almost every vessel, the GZ will fall to zero at a certain angle of heel. The angle at which this happens is the angle of vanishing stability (AVS) point of contraflexture. Point of contraflexure(POC) is a point in the bending moment diagram where bending moment changes its sign.. ie from +ve to -ve or vise this we can come to a conclusion that POC is a point where bending moment is zero list down the 6 criterias. how to obtain initial GM? What do you know abt MARPOL? list all 6annexes. Marpol 73/78 is an international marine environmental conventions. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. Its objective is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances Annex I - Regulations for the Prevention of Oil Annex II - Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances carried in Bulk Annex III - Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form

Annex IV - Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships Annex V - Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships Annex VI - Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships

Annex 1 discharge criteria. (i) the ship is not within a special area; (ii) the ship is proceeding en route; (iii) the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per million; and (iv) the ship has in operation equipment as required by regulation 16 of this Annex. (Oil discharge monitoring and control system and oil filtering equipment) What is Oil discharge monitoring and control equipment? How it works? to stop the discharge, close the discharge valves, the residue will return to the slop tank arrangement. What is a slop tank arrangement? A slop tank is constructed especially to collect tank mud, tank washings and other oil-yielding mixtures. What does 1/15000 refering to? the previous/current cargo. List down the 10 special areas. Certificates and Documents (list down at least 35) How to obtain all these cert/doc? by inspection of ship, and comply with the regulations. Cargo ship safety construction cert, apart from the statutory survey, what other time the ship need to be surveyed?. Int tonnage cert. How it obtain? Cargo ship safety cert (form C), what's this cert for? Certificate of class, issued by who? What is DOC, SMC? Classifications society: inspect and survey ship. Ensure seaworthiness. Conduct survey and inspections to ensure the vessel is constructed and equipped as per the IMO standard and requirement. Classification society can propose rules/suggestions to the IMO, bu they do not set their own rules. List the 9classes of approved class by MPA + SG class Flag state and port state inspection. different Flag state inspections? sufficient manning and equipment carried. Crew are efficient to perform the tasks (operation of ship). How often is flag state inspection? Any time, unannounced inspection. <strong>Second attempt Session 3 (3hour 45min)</strong> What action do you take - Grounding and collision? Apart from the Raising of alarm, call master, calling vts, broadcasting. Also mention the inspection of ship structure, hull damage, water ingress. Consider the stability of ship. Collision: Get particulars of the other vessel, any missing person. Any help requires. Get lifeboat to be ready. Call engine room to check for leakage of oil and any water ingress. If there is water ingress, what is your action? Pump out the water. MOB. A crew informed you he spotted MOB from starboard beam. What's your action. Mention the Method of recovery: Williamson, anderson and schornov turn. He will give you a toy ship & the mob position, show him how you conduct the method of recovery. Williamson turn -Position of MOB known. Schornov turn - Person reported missing, position unknown.

What do you know about IAMSAR. What volume are there? Describe all the volumes. Vol 3 mandatory to carry onboard as per SOLAS chap5. Draw out all 5 search patterns. Desribe all, know when to use which pattern. What is SC, SMC, OSC? What are the duties of the OSC? How you carry out the operation? refer to IAMSAR Vol3. How will you assist chief mate to loading DG cargo? IMDG VOL 1,2, supplement. Briefly desribe. List out all the 7parts. IMDG vol2: what is contain inside? list out ALL 18 columns. Desribe what is it about. Label of class: Draw the label for class 7, 8. what color. Give an example of corrosive substances. 9 classes of IMDG Compability of cargo. What are the type of segregation methods? Draw out. What is the supplement about? types of EMS? Fire and spillage, what is contains inside? Material safety detail sheet. What u know abt it? What are the contents inside? list out and describe it. make sure you know every point that you mentioned. Given by who? Where to place it? common area, accessible to all crews. What is the main purpose of MSDS? //read the MSDS. he will ask about the chemical and physical properties, what info contain inside. he asked about diesel oil and petroleum. Which have the LFL, flashpoint etc? Better to have some knowledge on it. nonesense! Draw flammability diagrams. Explain IN DETAILS! especially the HC dilution with air. Inert Compartment. Inerting, Purging, Threshold Limit Value, Auto-ignition, Lowest Flammable limit, upper flammable limit, flash point. How to carry out purging? draw the line on the diagram. and the HC dulition with air, and critical dulition with air. When testing the atmosphere of the tank, is it on empty or filled tank. Tankscope, combustible gas detector. What do you know about crude oil washing and tank cleaning? Advantages of crude oil washing. When is it carry out? In port or at sea? How do you discharge? How will you carry out COW? Why there is a need for COW? What is the residue clings onto the tank called? Sediment. How you clean it? What is the content of sediment that clings onto the tank? other than Sulfur?(-_-)" How to obtain this crude oil for the purpose of carrying out this washing? pumped back & preheated in the slop tank. high pressure nozzles. Why do you using by dirty ballast? example. What is the different between dedicated clean ballast tank and segregated ballast tank? Oil record Book. Part 1 & 2. List down all operations to be recorded in the ORB. What is the purpose of this ORB? for use as a evidence in court. A proof of legal discharge. Magnetic compass. What is it? differentiate wet card and dry card. why using wet card in modern ship? cos dry card is too sensitive, the heading cannot settle down, thus using the liquid inside to resist the sensitivity movement. What type of liquid uses in wet card compass? why? anti-freeze. Alcohol and distilled water. What to check for? Check if there is no interference from the monkey island within 1m if the binnicle. Check no bubble in the wet card. What causes the bubble? Deviation card- check expiry date. If deviation card expired, does it mean that the equipment no longer reliable? No. Inform master. RADAR. What to check? Peformance test. How to conduct this test? When to conduct? What is the purpose to conduct?

Shadow sector (how to check? don't ask other officers or master, assume they all dont know) I told him that if the master and officers do not know, I will call the DPA. It shows that they are incompetent. blind sector, heading marker alignment (how to check?), false echoes, side lobe echoes, multiple echoes, Second attempt Session Four (1hour) Describe the bridge navigation equipments. List down the purpose and function. Carriage quantity: refer to SOLAS chap5 Reg19. 1. Radar 2. Magnetic Compass (wet/dry card) what's the difference. ethyl alcohol (anti-freeze) & distilled water 3. Gyro compass-limitation 4. ECDIS - raster and ENC 5. VDR - 3000gt and above 6. GPS 7. AIS 8. Echo sounder 9. Speed log 10. DSC equipments (Sea Area A1, A2, A3, A4) 11. Navtex 12. Course Recorder How to take over LSA? refer to solas chap3 reg 36 and Form E (CARGO SHIP SAFETY EQUIPMENT CERTIFICATE) check next inspection/survey date for the cert. Chp 3 Reg 36 Instructions for on-board maintenance Instructions for on-board maintenance of life-saving appliances shall be easily understood, illustrated wherever possible, and, as appropriate, shall include the following for each appliance: .1 a checklist for use when carrying out the inspections required by regulation 20.7; .2 maintenance and repair instructions; .3 schedule of periodic maintenance; .4 diagram of lubrication points with the recommended lubricants; .5 list of replaceable parts; .6 list of sources of spare parts; and .7 log for records of inspections and maintenance. List down LSA lifejacketslifebuoy- so distributed as to be readily available on both sides of the ship and as far as practicable on all open decks extending to the ship's side; at least one shall be placed in the vicinity of the stern enclosed & freefall lifeboat liferaft rescue boat portable VHF-3 SART-2 general alarm, PA system EPIRB Know in details for lifeboat, rescue boat, liferaft. Davit launched liferaft LSA Reg19. Know in details. Abandon ship and fire drill. LSA Reg20, know in details. operation of Onload and offload release hook. better to draw out for him to see Monthly check for LSA. What to check for when lifeboat is lowered onto water? Sprinkler system, self contained air support, engine, steering gear system.

Lifejackets. refer to LSA code. quantity to carry, stowage location. List down all FFA equipments. including fireman outfit, SCBA, fire blanket. the carriage requirements, for what type of ship, purpose, locations. FFA: F 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 h 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 F . . . . . . . a . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A : F i r e m a i n F i r e h y d r a n t F i r e h o s e F i r e n o z z l e E m e r g e n c y f i r e p u m p M a i n f i r e p u m p F i x e d f i r e f i g h t i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n l o n , f o a m , w a t e r s p r i n k l e r ) P o r t a b l e f i r e e x t i n g u i s h e r I S C . F i r e w a l l e t . V e n t i l a t i o n a r r a n g e m e n t s . W / t i g h t d o o r s , f i r e d o o r s . F i r e m a n s s u i t . E m e r g e n c y f i r e a l a r m s . F i r e b l a n k e t . P o r t a b l e f o a m a p p l i c a t o r . F i r e m a n ' s o u t f i t . S C B A . F i r e B l a n k e t

( c o 2 ,

MARPOL ANNEX 5 Discharge criteria for garbage. Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Garbage from Ships. Garbage management plan. list out all content. The Garbage Management Plan is a complete guideline which comprises of a written procedure for collecting, storing, processing, and disposing of garbage generated onboard ship as per regulations provided in Annex V of MARPOL.








SOLAS. What u know about solas? List out all 12 chapters, describe all in details. Technical provisions The main objective of the SOLAS Convention is to specify minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships, compatible with their safety. Flag States are responsible for ensuring that ships under their flag comply with its requirements, and a number of certificates are prescribed in the Convention as proof that this has been done. Control provisions also allow Contracting Governments to inspect ships of other Contracting States if there are clear grounds for believing that the ship and its equipment do not substantially comply with the requirements of the Convention - this procedure is known as port State control.The current SOLAS Convention includes Articles setting out general obligations, amendment procedure and so on, followed by an Annex divided into 12 Chapters. Chapter I - General Provisions Includes regulations concerning the survey of the various types of ships and the issuing of documents signifying that the ship meets the requirements of the Convention. The Chapter also includes provisions for the control of ships in ports of other Contracting Governments. Chapter II-1 - Construction - Subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations The subdivision of passenger ships into watertight compartments must be such that after assumed damage to the ship's hull the vessel will remain afloat and stable. Requirements for watertight integrity and bilge pumping arrangements for passenger ships are also laid down as well as stability requirements for both passenger and cargo ships.

The degree of subdivision - measured by the maximum permissible distance between two adjacent bulkheads - varies with ship's length and the service in which it is engaged. The highest degree of subdivision applies to passenger ships. Requirements covering machinery and electrical installations are designed to ensure that services which are essential for the safety of the ship, passengers and crew are maintained under various emergency conditions. "Goal-based standards" for oil tankers and bulk carriers were adopted in 2010, requiring new ships to be designed and constructed for a specified design life and to be safe and environmentally friendly, in intact and specified damage conditions, throughout their life. Under the regulation, ships should have adequate strength, integrity and stability to minimize the risk of loss of the ship or pollution to the marine environment due to structural failure, including collapse, resulting in flooding or loss of watertight integrity. Chapter II-2 - Fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction Includes detailed fire safety provisions for all ships and specific measures for passenger ships, cargo ships and tankers. They include the following principles: division of the ship into main and vertical zones by thermal and structural boundaries; separation of accommodation spaces from the remainder of the ship by thermal and structural boundaries; restricted use of combustible materials; detection of any fire in the zone of origin; containment and extinction of any fire in the space of origin; protection of the means of escape or of access for fire-fighting purposes; ready availability of fire-extinguishing appliances; minimization of the possibility of ignition of flammable cargo vapour. Chapter III - Life-saving appliances and arrangements The Chapter includes requirements for life-saving appliances and arrangements, including requirements for life boats, rescue boats and life jackets according to type of ship. The International Life-Saving Appliance (LSA) Code gives specific technical requirements for LSAs and is mandatory under Regulation 34, which states that all life-saving appliances and arrangements shall comply with the applicable requirements of the LSA Code. Chapter IV - Radiocommunications The Chapter incorporates the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). All passenger ships and all cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards on international voyages are required to carry equipment designed to improve the chances of rescue following an accident, including satellite emergency position indicating radio beacons (EPIRBs) and search and rescue transponders (SARTs) for the location of the ship or survival craft. Regulations in Chapter IV cover undertakings by contracting governments to provide radiocommunication services as well as ship requirements for carriage of radiocommunications equipment. The Chapter is closely linked to the Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union.

Chapter V - Safety of navigation Chapter V identifies certain navigation safety services which should be provided by Contracting Governments and sets forth provisions of an operational nature applicable in general to all ships on all voyages. This is in contrast to the Convention as a whole, which only applies to certain classes of ship engaged on international voyages. The subjects covered include the maintenance of meteorological services for ships; the ice patrol service; routeing of ships; and the maintenance of search and rescue services. This Chapter also includes a general obligation for masters to proceed to the assistance of those in distress and for Contracting Governments to ensure that all ships shall be sufficiently and efficiently manned from a safety point of view. The chapter makes mandatory the carriage of voyage data recorders (VDRs) and automatic ship identification systems (AIS). Chapter VI - Carriage of Cargoes The Chapter covers all types of cargo (except liquids and gases in bulk) "which, owing to their particular hazards to ships or persons on board, may require special precautions". The regulations include requirements for stowage and securing of cargo or cargo units (such as containers). The Chapter requires cargo ships carrying grain to comply with the International Grain Code. Chapter VII - Carriage of dangerous goods The regulations are contained in three parts: Part A - Carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form - includes provisions for the classification, packing, marking, labelling and placarding, documentation and stowage of dangerous goods. Contracting Governments are required to issue instructions at the national level and the Chapter makes mandatory the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, developed by IMO, which is constantly updated to accommodate new dangerous goods and to supplement or revise existing provisions. Part A-1 - Carriage of dangerous goods in solid form in bulk - covers the documentation, stowage and segregation requirements for these goods and requires reporting of incidents involving such goods. Part B covers Construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous liquid chemicals in bulk and requires chemical tankers to comply with the International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code). Part C covers Construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk and gas carriers to comply with the requirements of the International Gas Carrier Code (IGC Code). Part D includes special requirements for the carriage of packaged irradiated nuclear fuel, plutonium and high-level radioactive wastes on board ships and requires ships carrying such products to comply

with the International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships (INF Code). The chapter requires carriage of dangerous goods to be in compliance with the relevant provisions of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code). Chapter VIII - Nuclear ships Gives basic requirements for nuclear-powered ships and is particularly concerned with radiation hazards. It refers to detailed and comprehensive Code of Safety for Nuclear Merchant Ships which was adopted by the IMO Assembly in 1981. Chapter IX - Management for the Safe Operation of Ships The Chapter makes mandatory the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, which requires a safety management system to be established by the shipowner or any person who has assumed responsibility for the ship (the "Company"). Chapter X - Safety measures for high-speed craft The Chapter makes mandatory the International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft (HSC Code). Chapter XI-1 - Special measures to enhance maritime safety The Chapter clarifies requirements relating to authorization of recognized organizations (responsible for carrying out surveys and inspections on Administrations' behalves); enhanced surveys; ship identification number scheme; and port State control on operational requirements. Chapter XI-2 - Special measures to enhance maritime security Regulation XI-2/3 of the chapter enshrines the International Ship and Port Facilities Security Code (ISPS Code). Part A of the Code is mandatory and part B contains guidance as to how best to comply with the mandatory requirements. Regulation XI-2/8 confirms the role of the Master in exercising his professional judgement over decisions necessary to maintain the security of the ship. It says he shall not be constrained by the Company, the charterer or any other person in this respect. Regulation XI-2/5 requires all ships to be provided with a ship security alert system. ,Regulation XI2/6 covers requirements for port facilities, providing among other things for Contracting Governments to ensure that port facility security assessments are carried out and that port facility security plans are developed, implemented and reviewed in accordance with the ISPS Code.Other regulations in this chapter cover the provision of information to IMO, the control of ships in port, (including measures such as the delay, detention, restriction of operations including movement within the port, or expulsion of a ship from port), and the specific responsibility of Companies. Chapter XII - Additional safety measures for bulk carriers The Chapter includes structural requirements for bulk carriers over 150 metres in length. Garbage record book. for what purpose? List out all content.

In accordance with Regulation 9 of Annex V of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78), a record is to be kept of each discharge operation or completed incineration. This includes discharges at sea, to reception facilities, or to other ships. 1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction Garbage and garbage management Description of garbage Entries in the garbage record book

SOPEP. What are the content in SOPEP file. List all. Plan consist of? list out the 4parts. Table of Contents Record of Changes Section 1: Preamble Section 2: Reporting Requirements Section 3: Steps to control Discharges Section 4: National and Local Coordination Section 5: Non-Mandatory Information Minimum Appendices List of Coastal Contacts To be updated quarterly List of Port Contacts To be updated regularly List of Ship Interest Contacts To be updated regularly Required Ship's drawings General Arrangement Tank Plan Fuel Oil Piping Diagram SOPEP Equipments. (list at least 10) 1. H.D. Durable container -1 2. H.D brooms 13pcs 3. Sorbent socks 12pcs 4. Sorbent pads 400ea 5. Neoprene gloves 6pairs 6. Disposable coveralls 6sets 7. Disposable bags 50pcs 8. 1 ton heavy disposable bag 1pc 9. H.D. Squeegees/Wipes 2pcs 10. Rubber knee boot 6pairs 11. Wilden pump(with suction and suction hose) 1 set 12. Natural Hand Cleaner 5litres and 20litres 1ea 13. Ferrum resistant,10litre 1pc 14. Oil Spill Kit 2ea 15. Splash Resistant googles 6ea 16. Plastic bucket 10litre 1pc 17. Plastic spatula 1pc 18. Oil Dispersant Liquid 7 barrels Update of SOPEP file. Take over cargo watch in port onboard tanker. Duty at aft station. Repaint of draftmark. What should you do? refer to COSWP - working overside. What is coswp? the definition and elements.

COSWP: permit to work GPS. what is it for? how does it help in navigation? At port, Inspection of double bottom tank. what should you do? Fire in Port. Immediate action Draw a cargo plan of a general cargo. What is cargo plan? what is the purpose? Content in cargo plan. Draw the side view and plan view of tween deck and lower hold. label which cargo you will discharge first. Medical Stores. Refer to MSA 179. find what what is the 5 scales and 4 schedules. Especially Scale V. Different between scale 1 and 5. Distress Signals-List down all (refer to ROR Annex IV) Sextant- Principles of sextant, definition, adjustable and non adjustable error. Know how to use sextant and the locations of the ajustment screws. Know it in great details. I spent 1hour on this qns. Hydrometer, Hygrometer, Barometer. The purpose, and usage. Passage Plan. Explain to him step by step. He want to see how you extract informations from chart catalogue. Master ask you to plan a passage from singapore to south Africa. What should you do/ reply him? First check with Master whether he want to go eastward or westward. He will need to total distance to calculate ETA, bunker comsumption, provisions to load. check ocean passage for the world for recommended route. find the total distance. planning chart plot the course Select the chart. Large scale for coastal navigation. Small/ Medum scale for ocean passage. which ALSD to use? refer to chart catalogue -PART 5 pg 144,145 same goes to list of list and tide tables mention Routeing chart. 5 areas, monthly. What is the purpose? What is planning chart? what is the purpose? 4 distinct stages of passage planning. Explain in details. FFA: How to conduct inspection for SCBA. List down all test. No. of hoses and length. Fireman outfit. consist of what. number to carry. Fire in Port. what should you do. Before entering to fight fire, what precaution should you take? mention: communication method, check SCBA, duration of SCBA

ROR ROR rule 2,5,6,7,8,9. Memorise every points from rule 5-8. ROR situation: Rule 9, 14, 15, 13. Esp rule 9.

Overtaking in narrow channel. Sound signal. Lights: Dredging and underwater operations (day and night signal( RAM. NUC. For NUC he will give u situations. Sailing vessel less than 20m. Vessel engaged in fishing. Rule 18, give way to sailing/fishing/ NUC/RAM. Vessel aground. Light signal and shape. Rule 2. explain in your own words. Dont need to memorise. Understand Rule 13 part (d). IALA What is conventional direction? Explain General and local direction. Preferred channel to starboard. Isolated danger - topmark, light signal Safe water mark - just rmb to keep at your port side Special Mark - light signal Cardinal mark. South and west - light signal. He will give you situtation, ask you where to pass.

How to update charts and publications? Types of Notice to Mariner. list all 5 (weekly, monthly, quarterly, cumulative, annual) mention the content inside each NTM. Esp cumulative and annual. How to check whether your charts is up to date? List down the list of Mandatory publications. And explain briefly. Tug line operation. What is your duty as a second mate? What is GT and NT? :D He showed me a book without cover. NP 58 and NP 62. he will ask you what is it? Remember: Sailing Direction NP 1-72 !!