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Map of Samar

Languages and Dialects Residents of Samar are mostly Waray, the sixth largest cultural-linguistic group in the country. 90.2 percent of the household population speaks the Waray language while 9.8 percent also speak Cebuano; 8.1 percent Boholano; 0.07 percent Tagalog and 0.5 percent other languages. There are two types of Waray spoken in the province, Waray Lineyte-Samarnon which is spoken from the southernmost tip of the province up to the municipality of Gandara and Waray Calbayog, an intermediary between the Waray of Northern Samar and the Waray of Samar, spoken in Calbayog City, Santa Margarita, and in some parts of Tagapul-an, Santo Nio and Almagro. Cebuano is spoken in some parts of the first district of Samar, mainly in Calbayog City, Almagro, Santo Nio and Tagapul-an. English and Chinese languages are also spoken. Tourist Spots in Samar Calbiga Whitewater River For Filipino travelers and foreigners who prefer to visit natural attractions, they can always take a look at the pristine and luring Calbiga Whitewater River. With a length of about 18 kilometers, tourists will have sufficient time to admire water species in the river. Surrounding the river is a forest where people can also see various plant and wildlife species. Meanwhile, for those who are in search for adventure, some tourist guides and local residents offer water-rafting activities. Hence, other outdoor activity that everyone can do at Calbiga Whitewater River is kayaking. Sohotan Cave

An inviting, renowned, and enticing tourist destination in Eastern Samar, Sohotan Cave ranks second in the top 5 tourist spots in Samar Philippines. This cave provides a relaxing and safe place for travelers to do interesting activities such as trekking, hiking, and rock climbing. With the attractive formation of rocks inside Sohotan Cave, people can also learn useful knowledge related to rock collections. Aside from these, locals in Samar give importance to this tourist destination for its historical value since many agree that the cave served as shelter to native people in the province in the early times. Marabut Marine Park

One of the well-maintained and beautiful manmade tourist attractions in Southern Samar, Marabut Marine Park is found near the popular San Bernardino Strait. Because of its location, many people did not experience hassles in finding the park. Inside the marine park, tourists can find various species of fish, different corals, as well as beautiful reefs. Hence, for the convenience of all its guests, Marabut Marine Park features a restaurant where they can taste several delectable seafood dishes.

Samar Archaeological Museum and Research Center

Another fascinating tourist destination to see in the province, Samar Archaeological Museum and Research Center features collections of relics that are important to the history, heritage, and culture of Samar group of islands. Within the premises of the museum, everyone can see priceless artifacts that are recovered from the Spanish period like jars, paintings, and sculptures. In addition, devotees like to visit the research center for it also plays home to holy images of several saints and Christian martyrs.

Homonhon Island

Above all, travelers, vacationers, and tourists in Samar, should not forget to visit one of the historical places not just in the province, but also in the Philippines, Homonhon Island. Even if this is not as alluring and attractive as other tourist spots in the province, it is still valuable to locals for it is the place where Spanish wanderer Ferdinand Magellan landed when he discovered the country. To encourage people to visit this place, the provincial government provided a landmark in the site to inform them about the historical value of the island.

Culture of Samar
Leyte and Samar have rich resources of an island ecosystem. The land and water display a rich biodiversity. Rice, both upland lowland, rootcrops, bananas, vegetables and fruits abound. These are made into sweets and delicacies. Notable among these are the binagol (made from root crop called talyan) Leyte, pinyato (pop rice) and pili of Calbiga, Samar and so many others in every town of the region. The women of Basey, Samar weave a variety of intricately designed mats from sedge grass locally known as tikog (Fimbristylis milliacea). This tradition was handed down from many generations past. They also produce embroidered mats with flowers, birds, fishes, mermaids and scenes from folktales and legends. Other traditional art forms of the region are pottery of Tanauan, Leyte and Biliran, basketry of Calbiga, Samar and Carigara, Leyte, Matalom, Leyte. Based on recent statistics, the region produces the biggest bulk of abaca for international export. Farming and fishing are the main livelihood. In the entire cropping season, from land preparation up to post harvest, the farmers perform rituals invoking the nature spirits and ancestor spirits for a good harvest. This is also complemented by Christian customs as the recitation of novenas (9-day). Fisherfolk likewise ask permission from the water spirits for safety at sea and a good catch. Fiestas are celebrated with prayer, food/drinking dance and music. The kuratsa - a courtship dance drama - highlights every occasion.


The province has a total land area of 559,100 hectares. Of this, 151,131 hectares or 27.30 percent is agricultural land.

The potential irrigable land of the province of Samar is 15,782 hectares. The total irrigated area is 2,940.93 hectares, however out of this only 1,039 hectares are operational, 1, 503 hectares for rehabilitation, 398.92 hectares totally damaged. The total irrigated area of 2,940.92 hectares is only 18.63 percent of the total potential irrigable area.

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