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Thursday 04.10.12 Published in London and Manchester 1.20

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Virgin back on track in rail shambles


FirstGroup takeover of west coast line halted Ocials suspended 40m bill for taxpayer
Gwyn Topham and Dan Milmo
The Department for Transport has been left reeling after three senior civil servants were suspended over the collapse of the west coast main line franchise deal, leaving Britains most lucrative train service in limbo and Sir Richard Bransons Virgin group triumphantly vindicated. Shortly after midnight yesterday, the government was forced to concede that serious aws meant the competition to operate the west coast line would have to be re-run, less than two months after FirstGroup had triumphed over Virgin Rail with a multibillion-pound bid. The newly appointed transport secretary, Patrick McLoughlin, who had previously defended the bidding process in parliament as fair and robust, announced a pause in the franchising programme while the entire system was reviewed. McLoughlin said he was angry and admitted the fault lay only and squarely within the Department for Transport, adding that the mistakes were deeply regrettable and unacceptable. Taxpayers will pick up an immediate 40m bill for compensating the four shortlisted companies that bid for the west coast franchise. Beyond the compensation bill for those companies and others involved in franchise auctions that will now be paused, the department may also nd itself a hostage to the operators running the rest of Britains railways, as the timetable for renewing contracts slips. An industry source said: I think they have no option but to extend franchises that are next for renewal. It will cost them a fortune. Virgin Trains, which looked set for imminent extinction, is now confident it will be allowed to run the west coast service in the interim, and Branson said he hoped a new, transparent process would mean his company could also soon target the east coast line again. It has emerged that the previous transport secretary, Justine Greening, had ordered an investigation in late August when she was rst informed by ocials that a small procedural error may have occurred. She is said to be fully supportive of McLoughlins targeting of ocials, who she believes suppressed information

Inside

Ocials realised they were defending the indefensible Page 6 What does this mean for customers and will this lead to higher fares? Page 6 The transport secretary arguably has more power over Britains railways now than at any time in history Page 7

There is support at the top for the idea of a gradual return to a form of public ownership. The argument needs to be made now Leader comment, page 34

when giving categorical assurances that Virgin had no basis for a legal appeal. But the news raises the question of whether ministers were reshuffled by David Cameron last month in part to save them from resigning. Greenings then deputy, the new Northern Ireland secretary Theresa Villiers, was a major proponent of controversial longer franchises and took the decision to give the west coast franchise to FirstGroup. Shadow transport secretary Maria Eagle said: The prime minister should come clean on when he knew, and on any connection with the decision to conduct a wholesale clearout of Tory transport ministers before this asco became public. The DfT discovered the aws as it was preparing to contest the judicial review

Please, please help nd her Aprils mother makes appeal


Steven Morris
The mother of the missing schoolgirl April Jones yesterday made an agonising appeal for help in nding her daughter. Trying vainly to hold back tears, Coral Jones, 40, expressed despair that the ve-year-old had been taken from her and begged for any information that might lead to getting her back. There must be somewhere out there who knows where she is and can help the police nd her, she said. We are desperate for any news. April is only ve years old. Her voice broke as she added: Please, please, help nd her. She then collapsed into sobs and buried her head in her hands. Aprils mother spoke at a police press conference in Aberystwyth, mid-Wales, 18 miles from Machynlleth, where emergency services workers continued to search riverbanks, elds and hillsides. Behind her were images of her daughter, one in a pink party dress, one in the purple coat she was wearing when she was apparently abducted on Monday as she played on the street with friends. Also pinned up was an image of the man arrested on suspicion of her abduction, Mark Bridger, a 46-year-old who lives locally and is known to Aprils family. Police asked for help establishing his movements. Aprils family last night conrmed reports that she has cerebral palsy but declined to comment further. Photograph: Rui Vieira/PA

Go to work, they said to a woman who needs constant care

A nurses leader was told to take her disabled daughter for a test to see if she could get a job. The result left her shocked and angry, writes Amelia Gentleman

uth Anim needs constant one-to-one care, has no concept of danger and attends life skills classes to learn practical things like how to make a sandwich or a cup of tea. So it came as a considerable surprise to her mother, Cecilia, that an ocial assessment of her daughters abilities classied her as someone who would be capable of nding work in the near future. The report contained factual errors, perhaps most remarkably the assessors description of the 27-year-old as a male client, but more disturbing for Anim was the conclusion of the doctor

who carried out the test: I advise that a return to work could be considered within 12 months. Anim says: For Ruth to go to work is actually totally unimaginable. She cant even cross the road without someone going with her; she doesnt know that if a car hits you it will kill you; she has no concept of danger. Her daughter was born with complex medical needs, learning disabilities, a heart problem and epilepsy. She is somebody who has a one-to-one carer is she meant to go to work with her carer? As a result of the assessment, Ruth was assigned to a category known as the work related activity group, and required to attend the jobcentre regu-

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larly to begin mandatory preparations for going to work. Cecilia Anims amazement at the written report, describing her daughters work capability assessment (WCA), the test to determine tness for work, echoes the shock felt by hundreds of thousands of former claimants of incapacity benet over the last three years, after undergoing the stringent new computerised test to check their continued eligibility for benet payments. Since the test was introduced in 2008 more than 600,000 people have appealed against the assessments; the Continued on page 11

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

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Labour raises alarm on biggest act of privatisation in NHS history


398 contracts for health work go private in a week In 2013 750m of services will open to competition
Randeep Ramesh Social aairs editor
Contracts for almost 400 NHS services worth a quarter of billion pounds were signed this week, resulting in the biggest act of privatisation ever seen in the NHS, Labours health spokesman Andy Burnham said yesterday. In a brieng at the Labour party conference, Burnham said he had evidence of accelerating privatisation citing a rash of examples across England which he said showed the government was committed to a market in healthcare. Burnham pointed out that non-emergency ambulance services in the northwest would soon be run by the bus group Arriva and that Lancashire county council had awarded the contract to run patient advocacy groups to a private rm, Parkwood Healthcare. But the biggest privatisation so far was in community services areas of healthcare oered outside of hospitals. Labour used freedom of information requests to survey Englands NHS primary care trusts on the range and value of community services being oered to the private and voluntary sector under the governments any qualied provider policy. In the rst wave, 398 contracts were signed this week in eight NHS areas including musculoskeletal services for doctor services in Cornwall, which had falsied data to the NHS raising fundamental questions about the outsourcing of NHS services to the private sector. Burnham said this was only the beginning . In 2013 the coalition will force another 750m of NHS services to be opened to competition from private companies and charities. The coalitions Health and Social Care Act also in eect allows hospitals to treat as many private patients as NHS patients raising fears that the paying ill may be able to jump the queue in healthcare. Dr Clare Gerada, chair of the council of the Royal College of General Practitioners, yesterday said that as a result of the mother of all top-down reorganisations of the NHS, our NHS is in distress and so too are many of us [GPs]. Gerada added that the NHS is a national treasure which should be protected. Sources close to the health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, said Labour was being disingenuous about its role in promoting competition in the NHS with the party introducing market-based reforms almost a decade ago. Burnham is promising another bill to replace the existing structures. Thats a Labour promise of massive upheaval in the system again. Dr Dan Poulter, the health minister, said: Andy Burnham is being completely disingenuous. Charities, social enterprises and independent providers already play an important part in providing the best care for patients, under a system that was introduced by the last Labour government. Labour must answer the question: if it was good for patients when they were in government, why is it not now? Labour conference, pages 14-15

Virgin back on track in west coast shambles


continued from page 1 Virgin sought in the high court after losing the franchise on 15 August. McLoughlin said: Some of the points Richard Branson made were found to be correct, but there were things that were more wide-ranging Thats why I took the decision last night to go back to the drawing board. A report into what went wrong with the west coast bidding process is due at the end of the month. Virgins case was that the forecasts and gures from the DfT did not add up, leading to an excessive level of risk in FirstGroups winning bid. Virgin and McLoughlin held talks to discuss options yesterday evening. The transport secretary was set to invite the state-owned Directly Operated Railways (DOR) to run the service when the current franchise expires on 9 December, had Virgins legal proceedings delayed the new contract with FirstGroup. That development hardened some Virgin insiders view that a hard core at the department just dont like us. Branson had oered to run the service for free while the row was resolved but that oer is now likely to be moderated. Sta at Virgin believe the DOR option was intended to rub our noses in it. Branson said: Im pleased we didnt have to go to court and that the minister has been so fulsome in his apologies, and pleased that hes going to do a complete overhaul. The three unnamed civil servants were suspended by the departments permanent secretary, Philip Rutnam. The errors exposed by our investigation are deeply concerning. They show a lack of good process and a lack of proper quality assurance, he said.

Dr Clare Gerada said the health service was in distress and so are many of us

back pain, adult hearing services in the community, wheelchair services for children and primary care psychological therapies for adults. Labour says 262m of services have drawn bids from 37 private healthcare companies. In about a quarter of the cases 110 times the health trusts stated they had no plans to tender before the government instruction. Burnham said he was against the market in the NHS, not private companies. He said the use of markets had seen care being fragmented and services becoming disjointed. The shadow health secretary also highlighted the fact that some private providers have failed to deliver the standard of service required, yet could be bidding for similar contracts in other parts of the country. He cited the case of Sercos out-of-hours

McLoughlin has ordered two independent reviews: in addition to the one due at end of the month, which will be overseen by Centricas chief executive, Sam Laidlaw, there will be a second, under Eurostar chairman Richard Brown, which will examine the wider rail franchising programme to see what changes may be needed to get the other bidding procedures back on track. The three outstanding franchise auctions now on hold are Great Western, Essex Thameside and Thameslink. Labour leader Ed Miliband branded the episode a disgrace and another hopeless, shambolic piece of incompetence from the government. The leader of the RMT rail union, Bob Crow, said: The whole sorry and expensive shambles of rail privatisation has been dragged into the spotlight this morning and instead of re-running this expensive circus, the west coast route should be renationalised on a permanent basis. Opponents of HS2, the high-speed rail project, also seized on the news to demand a root and branch examination of the case for the new line. Figures and forecasts supplied by DfT ocials have already been challenged. A furious Tim OToole, the FirstGroup chief executive, said: We dont have a clear understanding of what went wrong. Weve been promised an explanation. The only thing theyve made clear is that there was nothing wrong with our bid. Shares in FirstGroup fell almost 20% on the news. FirstGroups bid, with payments heavily loaded towards the back end of the 13-year franchise, oered premiums far in excess of the 190m bond it was oering as security. Virgin had described the winning bid as preposterous and a recipe for bankruptcy. The other two shortlisted bidders, Abellio and Keolis, backed by the Dutch and French state railways, bid far less even than Virgin. Whoever takes over after 9 December, McLoughlin said passengers would continue to be served by the same trains and front-line sta.

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

News

Appeal for help to piece together suspects movements as search for April widens
Detectives search home of man known to girls family Hovercraft and kayaks brought in for river search
Steven Morris and Sandra Laville
Police investigating the disappearance of ve-year-old April Jones are increasing the scale of the search for the missing schoolgirl as they continue to question her suspected abductor. Already, hundreds of specially-trained police officers have been joined by dog handlers, mountain rescue teams, coastguards and volunteer search teams as they comb the hostile territory in and around the town of Machynlleth in mid-Wales. Supt Ian John described the search as unprecedented in the UK but said it continued to build. I want to emphasise this is a growing operation. In no way are we scaling back our search, he said. We remain completely focused and committed to nding April. John said police were working through 1,200 pieces of information provided by the public. Police yesterday took the highly unusual step of naming the man they are holding on suspicion of abduction, 46-year-old Mark Bridger, who is known to Aprils family. They released a photograph of him and his left-hand drive Land Rover and appealed for help in piecing together his movements since April vanished. The most visible signs of the search yesterday were on and alongside the swollen River Dy, which runs through Machynlleth. Vessels from kayaks to RNLI lifeboats and a hovercraft were brought in to help scour the river, its banks, and the huge Dy estuary. But police said they had pinpointed a total of 20 search sites including homes, outbuildings and the hills and elds that surround the town as well as the river. John said: The terrain were working in has been described as a hostile environment. The ground is treacherous, its wet, weve got a ooded river were working around. Asked what the chances were of nding April alive so long after she was last seen he said only: Our efforts are completely focused on doing that. He revealed that three experts from the police national search centre had arrived in the town to help co-ordinate the eort and more specialist police searchers from Welsh and English forces were on the way. April went missing as she played on her bicycle with friends near her home on the Bryn-y-Gog estate around 7pm on Monday. One of her friends told police that apparently April got into a vehicle willingly. It also emerged yesterday that April has cerebral palsy. Her family conrmed she had the condition but declined to comment further. But it is bound to add to the familys concerns. The police tactics yesterday reected the increasing urgency of the case. At a rst press conference shortly after rst light, police said they hoped information from the still unnamed suspect would lead to the recovery of April. By mid-morning another press conference was called during which Bridger was named, his image issued and details of his arrest given. Detective Superintendent Reg Bevan, who is leading the inquiry, said police arrested Bridger at 3.30pm on Tuesday just north of the stone bridge over the Dy around a mile from Machynlleth town centre. He was walking towards the town. Bevan said the suspect was wearing a green camouage jacket and black waterproof trousers over camouage trousers. His Land Rover was found at a nearby repair garage. The detective said police were trying to piece together Bridgers movements from 5pm on Monday until his arrest. He asked people to look carefully at the images of Bridger and the vehicle and come forward if they had seen anything. Please dont assume that someone else has contacted us, he added. At lunchtime Aprils mother, Coral, 40, appeared at a third press conference to make a heart-wrenching appeal for information. There must be somewhere out there who knows where she is and can help the police nd her. We are desperate for any news. April is only ve years old. Please, please, help nd her. An update about the search and the process of interviewing Bridger was given yesterday evening at a fourth press

Clockwise from above: A still from a Channel 4 News video showing a man thought to be Mark Bridger on the banks of the Dy river. Bridger was arrested nearly two hours after the video was shot; April Jones; Mark Bridger; and his Land Rover Discovery Main photograph: ITN

We are desperate for any news. April is only ve. Please, please help nd her

conference. By that time Bridger had been interviewed twice. Bevan refused to say if he had undergone an emergency interview, which allows police to speak to a suspect before a lawyer arrives if they believe that by doing so they can save a life. Bevan said only: He has been interviewed twice. Clearly our focus in those interviews is to nd April. That is what weve been discussing with him. Bridger was born in Sutton, south London. He has lived in Machynlleth for more than 25 years, for a time on the estate where Aprils family live. The Ministry of Defence was checking reports that Bridger was a former soldier. Local people said he worked as a lifeguard at Machynlleth leisure centre, where hundreds of volunteers gathered earlier in the week to help the search for April. Bridger married in 1990. He is the father of at least three children; one with his exwife a boy who is now 20 and another boy and girl, 12 and 10, by another partner. One of the places police were searching was a whitewashed farmhouse ve miles north of Machynlleth, where Bridger had been living for a few weeks. Ocers had also been examining factory units, farm buildings and forestry shacks in the area. Police refused to speculate on how close Bridger was to any members of Aprils family but said they were looking as links as they built a prole of him. Earlier in the week, hundreds of members of the public joined the search for April, some travelling from hundreds of miles, to assist. John said the police had been overwhelmed by members of the public volunteering to help the police. But he said the conditions were challenging and police were worried that the volunteers could put themselves at risk. He asked people to leave the search to the experts but police have taken a register of people who have oered to help in case they need to call on them again. Police emphasised that the arrest of Bridger was just one of a number of lines of inquiry they were following.

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012 National editor: Dan Roberts Telephone: 020 3353 4090 Fax: 020 3353 3190 Email: national@guardian.co.uk

National

We stand beside you: police gather in thousands to honour Nicola Hughes

Hospital sta discriminated against by outsource rm


Rajeev Syal
Carillion, the outsourcing giant, has been accused of racial discrimination by Asianorigin hospital workers who claim they were told by white managers to give gold watches, bangles and cash in exchange for favours. Forty eight sta of Goan origin said in employment tribunal papers that they were subjected to a culture of intimidation and fear by supervisors at the Great Western Hospital in Swindon, Wiltshire. One particularly disturbing aspect of this, it is alleged, was the practice of managers to demand gifts from non-white sta including cash, jewellery, cigarettes, alcohol and, in one instance, a duvet. In return, sta would be granted holiday and overtime requests, allowing them to return to Goa to visit family members or attend religious festivals, it is claimed. When sta complained of the practice as early as 2007, they faced harassment for trade union membership and whistleblowing, it is claimed. A spokeswoman for Carillion said that there were incidents of gift giving for favours from managers, but added that these have been investigated thoroughly and disciplinary procedures are in place. The company will vigorously defend itself against the claims. Jose Estrocio, a claimant and GMB union representative, said the tribunal cases follow years of intimidation and complaints.

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The number of members of sta who have led claims with the tribunal. Carillion said it would defend the claims

The con of PC Nicola Hughes is carried into Manchester Cathedral while police and the public lined Deansgate Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Manchester pays moving tribute at funeral of PC who died in the line of duty
Esther Addley
For more than an hour they had stood packed shoulder to shoulder for 500 metres along Deansgate, their hands clasped in front of them, heads bowed, before the rst ripples of applause could be heard in the distance as the funeral cortege drew near. Thousands of police ocers in their smart black dress uniforms and with their medals pinned to their chests lined one of Manchesters busiest streets yesterday in a striking show of respect for PC Nicola Hughes, one of two ocers killed in the city on 19 September. The Police Federation had called on the decent people of Manchester to turn out to pay tribute to the 23-year-old constable on the day of her funeral, and many had done so, wrapping up tightly in anoraks against the wind as the city centre hushed to a lunchtime standstill. But it was the long, silent lines of police ocers, many of whom had travelled from forces across the country, that oered the most moving tribute to the young ocer. Hughes and her colleague PC Fiona Bone, 32, died after they responded to an apparently routine callout at a domestic address in the Mot-

tram area of the city. Dale Cregan, 29, has been charged with their murders, with the deaths of two further men and the attempted murder of four others. Some mourners threw owers as the hearse passed by preceded by six mounted police ocers. Others applauded, as has become customary. The waiting ocers merely bowed their heads. As the con was carried into Manchester Cathedral draped in a black ag and topped by a wreath of white roses and Hughess police hat, the crowds fell silent. The Metropolitan police commissioner, Bernard Hogan-Howe, Sir Hugh Orde, president of the Association of Chief Police Ocers, and senior ocers from forces across Britain joined Greater Manchesters chief constable, Sir Peter Fahy, at the service, which was relayed on a large screen to a crowd of police ocers and members of the public outside the cathedral. Addressing Hughess parents, Susan and Bryn, and 20-year-old brother, Sam, the Rev Charles Nevin, chaplain of Greater Manchester police, said any expression of sympathy was constrained by the limits of our vocabulary. We cannot change whats been. We cannot turn back the clock. But we can show by our presence in the cathedral, and in the streets, homes and oces of our land, that we stand beside you. Friends and colleagues paid tribute to a bubbly, intelligent, well-loved young

woman, a kind and considerate person who still had something of the little girl about her. Sergeant Stephen Miskell said Hughess immediate colleagues had described her as friendly, full of life, as keen as mustard and as brave as they come. She had joined the force at a relatively young age, he said: The recruitment department look to employ the very best people for the job. Nicola was the very best.

Nicola was as keen as mustard and as brave as they come She was the best
Sergeant Stephen Miskell

Paying tribute to her courage, Fahy said Hughes had decided not to be a bystander but to join the fray. He said: Nicola signed up to the police service knowing that she would put herself in danger. She understood that the unarmed status of British policing is not some tactical option, or us holding on to an historic tradition now out of date [but] central to our commitment to the minimum use of force, to our relationship with the public and to serving citizens rather than controlling them as some arm of the state. It was abhorrent, Fahy said, that she had met her death through an evil, dark act, but the best tribute we can make to her memory is that we continue to uphold the standards and the style of policing she demonstrated so well, and ensure that might does not conquer over justice. She will be greatly missed by everyone that knew her. We will never forget her great sacrice Another colleague, PC Tracy Miskell, struggled to keep her voice steady as she read a poem at the end of the service. You can shed tears that she is gone, opened the poem, or you can smile because she has lived. As the con was carried from the cathedral to be taken for a private family burial, silence again fell in Deansgate and the ocers stood to attention. Many of them will be back this morning when Bones funeral will be held in the same place and Manchester will turn out again to mourn.

We are in a developed country and had to give money and gold for holidays. None of the white cleaners had to do this, it was only the Goan community. Most of the workers were recruited in Britain to work for Carillion as porters, cleaners, and members of the housekeeping sta in Swindons biggest hospital. Paulo Fernandes, a union rep, claimed that when he applied for a porters job, he was asked by a female manager What will you give me? before being asked for a gold chain of a certain length, saying it had to be visible and not too long or too short. Fernandes, accompanied by a friend, handed over a chain belonging to his wife at the managers house, it is claimed. He began work as a porter, but after four weeks was told that he was not doing his job properly and would have to return to a housekeeping job, it is also claimed. In June, the company told the workers that they were going to be subject to a disciplinary hearing because they had given gifts in return for benefits, the papers alleged. A spokeswoman for Carillion said they have investigated the allegations and concluded that gifts have been given in exchange for favours from managers. So far, 58 members of sta have led claims with the tribunal since February, she said, and these will be vigorously defended by the company. To be clear: Carillion will not tolerate racism or racist remarks from any of our employees, and racism goes completely against all our values as an organisation, as well as our policies.

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

National

Council may sell o its uninsurable sculpture


Fears that Henry Moore gure could be stolen if sited as artist wanted
Maev Kennedy
For decades, it was the centrepiece of an east London housing estate and was known aectionately as Old Flo. But the towering Henry Moore sculpture, Draped Seated Woman, created for public display, is now likely to end up in an auction room with a 20m price tag to raise much-needed funds for Tower Hamlets, which is the site of some of the worst deprivation in Britain. At a cabinet meeting last night, the council took the decision that the sale of the massive bronze, almost three metres tall and weighing 1.6 tonnes, which has not been on display in London for 15 years, should be explored. The money, it has been suggested, could be spent on aordable housing, education and community projects. The mayor of Tower Hamlets, Lutfur Rahman said he regretted the decision, but that it was forced on the council given the 100m budget cuts it is having to make. The council has also raised the fear that the sculpture, if it were brought back to the capital, could be stolen by metal thieves. Council ocers complained that the sculpture is now so valuable it is virtually uninsurable. The Henry Moore Foundation, based in the artists old home at Perry Green in Hertfordshire, has itself been hit by metal thieves. We are familiar with the challenges of displaying Moores work outdoors. We do therefore have sympathy with Tower Hamlets position, although we think it would be very sad if this sculpture were lost to public display, director Richard Calvocoressi said. The sculpture was bought by the old London county council in 1962 for 6,000. It was a bargain even then but Moore, a lifelong socialist who took a keen interest in public art and where his works were sited, wanted it to be seen in a poor area. So for 35 years it became the surprising centrepiece of the Stiord Estate. Ownership passed to the Greater London council and then to Tower Hamlets when the GLC was abolished. Due to concerns about vandalism the sculpture was loaned to the Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 200 miles away. The other proposal was loaning it to Canary Wharf, where the sculpture would have been on public display among squares and terraces already studded with art works. The proposal made clear that such a loan would only be for a period of time after which its future be reconsidered. It had been suggested it could sit in Victoria Park, in Tower Hamlets, which was recently restored with lottery money, but the councils ocers advised against that because there was no maintenance budget. The future of many public sculptures has been threatened by the soaring price of scrap metal, which has led to a spate of art thefts, including a major work by Barbara Hepworth sawn o its plinth in Dulwich Park, south London, last year. Thieves who attacked the Henry Moore Foundation took a monumental reclining gure in 2005 which has never been seen again and a bronze sundial last summer, which was recovered by police after the theft was publicised on BBC Crimewatch.

Well-a, well-a, huh Grease reunion

Philosopher, 71, nominated as new EHRC head


Amelia Hill
A 71-year-old, white, female philosopher is likely to be the new chief of the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). Onora ONeill, Baroness ONeill of Bengarve, is the governments preferred successor to Trevor Phillips, 58, whose reign has been dogged by controversy and internal divisions. Under his leadership, at least six of the EHRCs 16 commissioners have departed amid concerns about his divisive style. ONeills appointment will be scrutinised by the parliamentary joint committee on human rights. It cannot veto her candidacy, but the views of MPs and peers will be taken into account before the appointment is conrmed. Equalities minister Maria Miller said: This is a really important time for the EHRC strong leadership is vital and the new chair will play a crucial role in ensuring that it remains the valued and respected national institution it was always intended to be. A life peer, ONeill was educated at the fee-paying St Pauls Girls School in west London, where Labour deputy leader Harriet Harman also studied, before reading philosophy, psychology and physiology at Somerville College, Oxford. In 2002, she delivered the Reith lectures, arguing that the culture of public accountability and transparency was damaging trust in Britains public professions. Britains slew of inspectors, auditors and regulators had, she argued, fostered a climate of suspicion. In the lectures, she suggested that the UK needed to free professionals and the public service to serve the public to work towards more intelligent forms of accountability [and] to rethink a media culture in which spreading suspicion has become a routine activity.

Winter always brings chills, and this year they will be multiplying: John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John have announced plans to release a festive holiday album featuring guest performances from Cli Richard, Chick Corea, Barbra Streisand and the saxophonist Kenny G. It has been 35 years since Travolta and Newton-John appeared together in the lm Grease, scoring worldwide hits with songs such as Summer Nights, Hope-

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lessly Devoted to You and Youre the One That I Want. That songs enduring success is apparently what initiated the new record: Newton-John recently texted Travolta to tell him the track had become the bestselling duet in pop music history. My desire was to make This Christmas an intimate album, not something too showy, Newton-John said. We want to make a lot of people smile. Sean Michaels

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

West coast rail

Branson raises a toast after late night U-turn


Humbled minister forced into urry of phone calls as deal hits the buers
Dan Milmo and Gwyn Topham
It was on Tuesday afternoon that Department for Transport ocials realised they were defending the indefensible. The DfT was preparing to hand over a dossier of evidence to the high court that would explain its decision to shunt Sir Richard Branson out of the rail industry, having in August declared its intention to strip Virgin Trains of the London-Glasgow west coast franchise and hand it over to FirstGroup. Instead, the new transport secretary, Patrick McLoughlin, decided to make a drastic move that would cost the taxpayer at least 40m. He called Tim OToole, the FirstGroup chief executive, at around 10pm to let him know that his company would not be taking over one of Britains most prestigious rail routes as expected. This was no simple delay the entire process was being scrapped and restarted from scratch. OTooles stunned colleagues said they had had no inkling the move was coming. Referring to the anticipated 9 December takeover, one said ruefully: We take people at their word. An hour later, McLoughlin picked up the phone to Branson in New York, who had a bottle of champagne waiting in the fridge. It was opened soon afterwards, as McLoughlin in effect condoned the tycoons decision to seek a judicial review of the FirstGroup award. Virgin executives had been tipped o to expect a call, but not the contents: some senior gures had even gone to bed, little expecting the dramatic news. It is understood that Virgin Trains coowner, Stagecoach boss Sir Brian Souter, also received a call from a humbled McLoughlin. Only after midnight did a government press ocer send a release conrming that a 15-month, multimillion-pound bid process had nally been derailed threatening to take the entire franchising system with it. As one rail industry source said: One of the most shocking aspects of the whole saga has been to make Bob Crow [the RMT union boss] sound reasonable. McLoughlins explanation for junking the process and starting anew, as well as launching an independent review of the entire franchising process, is that his department fumbled the numbers, miscalculating the amount of risk inherent in FirstGroups 13bn bid. Under the oft-criticised franchising process the DfT leases out the right to operate trains on specic routes, in exchange for premium payments on the most lucrative lines such as the west coast. FirstGroup won the contest with an oer to pay the government 13.3bn over the 15 years of the contract, a sum underpinned by assumptions about passenger growth and ination that had been vetted by the department. The DfT asked for a 190m bond from FirstGroup that would be forfeited if it was unable to meet the tough payment schedule. Virgin argued that this was a awed calculation and the bond should be closer to 600m a point that McLoughlin now appears to have conceded, while blaming his ocials arithmetic. However, darker rumours of institutional antipathy for Virgin Trains have circulated around the rail industry for years. Those gained credence with yesterdays announcement. It stems from a renegotiation of the west coast franchise in 2006 the consequence of a bungled upgrade of the route that left the DfT feeling that it had been outwitted and outmanoeuvred, to the benet of Branson and to the detriment of subsidy-paying taxpayers. Over the past 10 years, the Virgin rail operation has paid out 381.7m in dividends, split between Virgin Group, a 51% shareholder, and Stagecoach, which owns the remaining 49%. One industry source said the about-turn would reignite fears, voiced privately by Virgin, that it was always doomed to lose the west coast line. The west coast reversal unwinds a process that, for all the blaming of ocials, began when the Conservatives were in opposition and called for longer franchises that would leave more room for commercial air and, hopefully, higher revenues. Industry observers speculated yesterday that DfT civil servants had fallen foul of implementing a franchise policy that made it impossible to vet far-reaching revenue assumptions with any certainty. The consequence is a list of rail franchises due for renewal over the next few years that is as crowded as a peak-time service into London. The franchising timetable up to 2015 shows that the Great Western contract, owned by FirstGroup, expires in April 2013, followed by the London-to-Southend Thameside route in May, the FirstGroup-controlled Thameslink franchise in September and the prestigious London-to-Edinburgh east coast line in December. Four separate bids for Thameside went in to the DfT last week and they are now in limbo, while the expensive bidding teams sit idle and rack up mounting daily costs. In total, there are 13 franchise bids running at a combined cost of tens of millions of pounds waiting as a consequence of McLoughlins decision to pause the franchising process. Given the scale of the crisis revealed at the DfT, it seems unlikely those routes will be tendered out in time. This leaves the government with the option of handing them to its state rail arm, Directly Operated Railways, which already has its hands full running the east coast line, or handing unilateral extensions to the current owners. The latter could add many millions of pounds to the cost of the west coast debacle, because the government is now in an extremely weak bargaining position.

Bumpy ride A Virgin train passes along the west coast route near Abington in Scotland. It may not be possible to predict revenues for long-term rail franchising Photograph: Je J Mitchell/Getty

What next for the key players?

Tim OToole
The chief executive of FirstGroup must decide whether to bid again for the franchise. Having seen nearly 250m wiped o his companys value yesterday, he will be thinking about claiming compensation from the government. Investors are worried that the indebted rm may struggle to pay its dividend, having banked on the failure of Virgins legal challenge.

Sir Richard Branson


The Virgin tycoon had vowed to quit the rail business if the government did not reform franchising in the wake of the west coast decision. Branson has won that argument resoundingly and Virgin Trains is now widely seen as front-runner when the London-Glasgow contract process is re-run. In the meantime, Virgin is expected to keep operating the route.

Timeline
Key dates in the west coast mainline franchise saga: 1997 Virgin Rail begins running the west coast mainline after being awarded a 15-year contract. 2011 The Department for Transport invites bids from companies interested in taking over the franchise when Virgins contract expires. Dutch train operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Virgin and First West Coast, a subsidiary of the UKs largest rail operator FirstGroup, enter the process. 15 August 2012 The DfT announces it intends to award the west coast franchise to FirstGroup. More than 150,000 people sign an online petition calling for the decision to be reconsidered. 26 August Branson oers to run the line for free to give parliament time to conduct a review. 27 August Labour urges the government to delay signing the contract with FirstGroup so the matter can be debated in the Commons. 28 August Virgin starts high court proceedings demanding a judicial review into the decision. 10 September Commons transport select committee takes evidence from Branson, FirstGroup chief executive Tim OToole and DfT ocials. 3 October The decision to award the franchise to FirstGroup is scrapped following the discovery of aws in the procurement process.

Q&A: West coast rail franchise


Existing rail franchises with contracts that expire between 2012-2014
Virgin trains December 2012
Edinburgh Glasgow Inverness

Dundee

First Great Western, FirstGroup, April 2013


Carlisle

Newcastle Middlesbrough

C2C, National Express, May 2013 First Capital Connect FirstGroup, September 2013 East Coast Main Line Company Limited December 2013
Liverpool Leeds Manchester

York

Doncaster

Why has the Department for Transport scrapped the award of the west coast franchise to FirstGroup? While gathering evidence to ght Virgin Trains legal challenge against the decision, the DfT realised it had miscalculated the riskiness of FirstGroups bid, which included ambitious revenue assumptions towards the end of the 15-year contract. It meant there was a aw in how much money bidders were then asked to guarantee as a result. FirstGroup had put up a loan of 190m to underwrite the contract, if the franchise failed. Virgin argued that this should have been about 600m. What was the dierence between the FirstGroup and Virgin Trains bids? There was a signicant dierence, although both bid enormous sums. FirstGroup was oering the government payments of 13.3bn through to 2027/2028, while Virgin bid 11bn. Passenger numbers were dierent, too. FirstGroup was predicting it would carry 66 million passengers a year by 2026, while Virgin forecast it would carry 49 million. Clearly FirstGroup was taking a bigger risk, and the government has now acknowledged that it made a miscalculation on the reliability of that bet when it awarded the company the franchise.

Southeastern, Govia, March 2014


Newark

Northern, Serco-Abellio, April 2014 Greater Anglia Abellio, July 2014 First Keolis TransPennine Express First Keolis, April 2014/15
Cardi Birmingham

Nottingham Peterborough

Stevenage

London

Brighton Portsmouth

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Commentary Ministers cause delays down the line


Stephen Glaister
he west coast mainline decision (like all rail franchising decisions) was always going to be subject to erce scrutiny. Ocials knew the stakes were high and any weakness would expose the decision to judicial review. Equally, they must know that we all make mistakes, so a rigorous system of internal scrutiny and audit ought to have been in place to weed out the errors. What is this episode going to do to the Department for Transports credibility over the planned new high speed line from London to Birmingham and beyond? The commercial and economic justication for spending 20bn of taxpayers money on HS2 (for the full scheme to Manchester and Leeds) depends critically on a view of the passenger trac it will carry up to 2026 and beyond. Several judicial reviews of HS2 are due to be heard soon. Assessing commercial risks over 13 years is fundamentally dicult, especially in passenger rail markets. These have shown themselves to be sensitive to the state of the economy, the size and location of the population and changes in industrial structure. This is a disadvantage of the governments recent decision to increase the terms of rail franchises from seven years. Risks and uncertainties are intrinsic to all infrastructure investments however they are procured and funded. Dealing with this is the bread-and-butter of the task facing the UK utility regulators. If governments are going to continue to take a strong hand in the planning of roads and railways they need to recognise this. They need strategies that are

This failure rather reinforces the old adage that they are not good at running railways

long term enough to reect the xed nature of these investments (ie decades) and are resilient to the unexpected. The government does have the basics of a ve-year plan for the railways (not long enough) and is currently developing a strategy for the strategic road network. This is overdue and most welcome. An important test will be its sophistication in dealing with risk and uncertainty. But this does pose the question of whether the DfT has adequate professional and administrative resources. Yesterdays hitch is far from the rst. The public-private partnership for the London tube was a hugely expensive failure. It was due to a toxic mixture of technical failures in contracting; inadequate appraisal of engineering, commercial and political risks; unrealism about the ability in practice to transfer those risks to private investors; all overlaid with political directives made in the face of evidence that they were a bad idea. The DfT once had a world-leading reputation for the quality of its analysis. But it is increasingly looking as though decades of running down the quantity (if not the quality) of professional and administrative resource, together with an increasing reliance on external consultancy and a culture among ministers and others to nd evidence-based analysis unhelpful may be taking its toll. Arguably, the transport secretary and the DfT now have more direct, administrative and policy responsibility for Britains railways than in their whole history. Civil servants are purchasing trains, designing and procuring services, setting fares and determining investment. The failure of this procurement rather reinforces the old adage that governments are not good at running railways. Stephen Glaister is director of the RAC Foundation and emeritus professor of transport and infrastructure at Imperial College London

Justine Greening
The former transport secretary was in charge when FirstGroup got the contract and her judgment will now be questioned - even though it seems she had worries about the process, and the outcome, before she was reshufed to the Department for International Development. Nonetheless, Greening was staunch in her defence of the process at the time.

Patrick McLoughlin
Promoted from chief whip to transport secretary in the reshue, McLoughlin was expected to oversee a painful U-turn on airport expansion. He now has to juggle an overhaul of rail policy with a backlog of franchise renewals. The former miner now has an unexpected opportunity to nationalise the railways as a consequence but is unlikely to take it.

How does the franchising process work? In order to prequalify for a franchise, would-be bidders have to ve prove their credentials as rail operail tors by submitting evidence of a relie able track record. A shortlist nort mally four names emerges from this process and they are asked to bid for the contract through an invitation to itation tender. This bid will include assumpe tions on passenger numbers and s payments to the government on bids nt for more lucrative routes, such as the uch west coast. The highest bid usually wins, although ministers deny this. eny Why did Virgin lose the west coast st franchise? The line from the DfT was that the hat FirstGroup bid would deliver big er improvements for passengers. rs In truth, a cash-strapped government vernment opted for the biggest number. er. What does this mean for west coast est customers? FirstGroup will no longer take over ke the London-to-Glasgow route on 9 te December. The DfT has assured pasured sengers that services will run as norn mal. This is what happened after the collapse of the east coast franchise anchise in 2009 when another bidder that er had made vaulting payment pledges, t National Express, walked away. way.

While tendering is held up, rail rms face uncertainty

Who will operate the trains when Virgins contract expires? The government has two options and T it must choose one of them quickly. It either risks public ire by handing the route to its state rail arm, Directly th Operated Railways, or it takes the O easier route of letting Virgin Trains e run the route until the franchise is ru retendered. Sir Richard Branson had r oered to do it for free, but there is o little chance of that now. The same li fate is likely for franchises due for fa renewal in 2013, including east coast, r Great Western and Thameslink. The G government can negotiate exteng sions from the current operators or s take a substantial chunk of the rail ta network in-house. The west coast n asco has provided an unexpected llip for nationalisation advocates. Will this mean higher fares? W Not immediately, no. But FirstGroup N had promised a 15% reduction in h standard anytime fares over the s rst two years of the contract. That pledge has been cancelled, along p with the rest of FirstGroups bid. w Longer term, this debacle could have L an impact on the taxpayer because a if winning franchise bids have to be much lower from now on, the DfT m will have to bridge a funding gap w that would have been lled by fare th revenues. Dan Milmo r

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

National

Former Radio 1 boss knew of Savile rumours


Ex-press ocer urges full BBC internal inquiry Police conrm complaint of alleged attack in 2008
Josh Halliday
The former head of Radio 1 was aware in the early 1970s of allegations of sexual abuse involving Sir Jimmy Savile, an express ocer for the station has claimed. Rodney Collins said yesterday that an ex-Radio 1 controller, the late Douglas Muggeridge, asked him to find out whether newspapers were looking into sex abuse claims about Savile in 1973. Collins, who was head of press for Radio 1 when Savile was a DJ at the station, said he has urged the BBC to launch a full internal inquiry and to examine who knew what and when. The BBC should now co-operate with the police. If anyone working there at the time had some knowledge of this they should put their hands up, Collins told the Guardian. The Met police has conrmed it has now received a small number of allegations A plaque in honour of Savile in h Scarborough has S been vandalised b with the words w paedophile and rapist about Savile and is assessing them. Sussex police yesterday conrmed that they received a complaint of sexual assault against Savile in 2008, but the investigation was dropped because the woman said to be involved would not take the matter further. Collins reiterated that Muggeridge would have acted at the time if he had believed the allegations to be true. Douglas Muggeridge was an incredibly honourable man and had he thought there was legs to it, then I think he would not have left it with me making inquiries, he added. A BBC spokesman said: The comments made by the former press ocer reect a conversation that he says he had during this time. The BBC has conducted searches of the BBCs files and has not found any written record of misconduct or allegations of misconduct by Jimmy Savile during his time at the BBC. We are of course keeping our searches for information under review as and when new information comes to light. Collins said Muggeridge told him in 1973 that he had heard claims involving young girls relating to the Radio 1 programme Saviles Travels and wanted to know whether any newspapers were investiJimmy Savile in 2006. Police conrmed they have received a number of complaints Photograph: Alex Maguire/Rex gating. What I dont know is where he [Muggeridge] got the information from. He was obviously told something, said Collins. He said: Can you nd out what Fleet Street knows? I went to two tabloid papers and two London evening papers and I got from everybody the same story: Yes, wed heard rumours, but no, we wont print anything. He said that after he reported back to Muggeridge that no papers were planning to print any stories, he doubted that the Radio 1 controller then ever questioned Savile directly about the claims. Here was a man raising tens of thousands of pounds for charity and that makes newspapers think twice before frankly blowing a hole in someones image, Collins said. At no point did anybody I spoke to in 1973 say to me, the police know about this. Had anybody said this to me then I would have frankly gone to my boss and said, This is not for me. You need investigators on this. All I was doing was checking with journalists. The questions about Savile in 1973 came two years before he launched the show for which he is most famous, Jimll Fix It. He had been a regular on Top of the Pops since the show launched in 1964, presenting the very rst show, and joined Radio 1 in the late 1960s. A circular gold plaque in Scarborough, where the presenter had a home, has been subject to a grati attack with the words rapist and paedophile written on it. Authorities in the town say they are now reviewing security at the cemetery where his headstone was placed following his death last year. A statue of the star has also been taken down in Glasgow. The Conservative MP Rob Wilson on Tuesday wrote to Lord Patten, the BBC Trust chairman, urging him to launch an independent internal inquiry into whether executives knew about the allegations stemming from the 1970s. The BBC said on Tuesday it was horrified about the slew of fresh allegations that have emerged. The corporation vowed to co-operate with any police investigations after an intervention by the new director general, George Entwistle. A woman who claims she witnessed sexual abuse by Savile has criticised BBC bosses for dropping a Newsnight investigation into the late entertainer. Karin Ward said she believed BBC executives were absolutely appalled by what Newsnights investigation had uncovered including several allegations that abuse took place on BBC premises and pulled the plug. I think that they saw what he got and were absolutely appalled. So they just pulled it.The Newsnight editor, Peter Rippon, admitted that he consulted his superiors in BBC News about the investigation, but denied that he faced pressure from above to shelve the 10-minute report.

New claim

Would you like to go for a ride in Jimmys car?


A former boarding school pupil has become the latest woman to claim she was sexually molested by Jimmy Savile in his car when she was 14. Carole Wells, who agreed to waive her anonymity for the rst time, told the Guardian she was abused by the Jimll Fix It star on one of his visits to the Duncroft Approved School for Girls near Staines, Surrey, in 1973. Wells, 52, said Savile would give Duncroft girls sweets, clothes and BBC tickets. She said Savile was invited to the school by its then headteacher and regularly oered to take pupils for a ride in his car. She said: The worst thing that sticks out in my memory is when some of the girls went on holiday I was sitting in the dining room playing music and [the headteacher] said, Would you like to go for a ride in Jimmy Saviles car?, I said yes, please. He asked me my name and where I lived. I thought he was really interested at the time, he made me feel really nice, really special. He then went down the road, stopped the car and said, Are you a virgin? I said, Im not telling you that, then he put his hands down my knickers and started messing about with me and said I can tell you are a virgin. He got my hand and put it back down his trousers and he took me back [to the school]. I went back to Duncroft crying. Wells said she reported the incident to the headteacher, who allegedly replied: Dont be stupid. Dont say things like that. After being absolutely petried at the prospect of speaking out for 40 years, Wells said she was nally able to break her silence after hearing the testimony of several other alleged victims of Savile, some of whom are former pupils of Duncroft in the early 1970s. Wells said she was prepared to make a fresh statement to Surrey Police, who she says initially contacted her four years ago as part of its investigation. She also described how she felt let down by the BBC after she was in contact with Newsnight about a lm that was abruptly dropped last year. She said that she felt frustrated by the decision: I did feel peed o at the fact they didnt use it. You feel let down again. You tell people in authority and nothing gets done. You tell Newsnight and then they squash it. You feel let down because, its I dont believe you or its not sensational enough.. Josh Halliday

Abu Hamza suering from sleep NHS hospital deprivation and depression ward rounds being eroded
Owen Bowcott Legal aairs correspondent
The Islamist cleric Abu Hamza is suering from depression and chronic sleep deprivation owing to harsh prison conditions, the high court has been told. The 48-year-old, who was detained in Belmarsh jail in south-east London for eight years, was woken every hour of the night in the high-security unit, his barrister, Alun Jones QC, said. A medical report drawn up in August recorded that he is suering from type 2 diabetes and has to shower twice a day because of excessive sweating. The court is considering applications from Hamza and four other terrorist suspects who are seeking to extend injunctions preventing their extradition to the US, where they are wanted on al-Qaidarelated charges. Hamza is also suering from memory loss and is unt to plead at any trial, Jones told the court. He has been kept in utterly unacceptable conditions for eight years, Jones said. His sleep deprivation is primarily because he is woken every hour by prison ocers who turn on the light to check on him. Doctors who examined him have requested that he be given an MRI scan to assess whether he has a degenerative medical condition. But one of the judges hearing the case, Sir John Thomas, said: It could be said that the sooner he stands trial, the better for his condition. I dont see how delay can be in the interests of justice. Good medical treatment is available in the US, he added. The radical cleric is, additionally, said to feel persecuted by the press. Jones said Hamza had been reduced to the status of pantomime villain. On 21 September, Hamza was moved to Long Lartin prison, where the other suspects ghting deportation are being held. The Home Oce is in the nal stages of preparations for deporting the ve men. Lawyers for two of the other men, Babar Ahmad and Syed Talha Ahsan, condemned the decision by the Crown ProsThe Islamist cleric was held for eight years at Belmarsh jail, where he was woken every hour through the night, his barrister says ecution Service not to charge them in the UK as irrational. Phillippa Kauf mann QC, for the two men, questioned the refusal of the director of public prosecutions, Keir Starmer QC, to consent to a private prosecution. Ahmad and Ahsan are accused of setting up terrorist fundraising websites. Ahmad has been detained in a British jail for eight years without charge. The home secretary, Theresa May, has given an undertaking that the ve men will not be deported before the court reaches its judgment, expected tomorrow .

Denis Campbell Health correspondent


The NHS is neglecting ward rounds that hospital patients rely upon to find out about their health because overworked sta are too busy to attend, doctors and nurses say. Ward rounds need to return to being a key part of hospital routine as part of a concerted cultural change by health professionals, according to the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) and Royal College of Nursing (RCN). They should be standard daily practice across the NHS and need to become much more patient-friendly, the two bodies say in new guidance to sta. All patients should receive a written summary of the results of that days ward rounds and be able to book a separate appointment with their consultant to discuss their treatment and prospects, the guide recommends. The importance of these clinical events to patients is often underestimated, along with the direct impact ward rounds have on clinical and emotional outcomes for patients, it says. Rounds are critical for patients but have been eroded, and professionals in patient care do not always attend, say the colleges. Dr Mark Temple, an acute care fellow at the RCPs medical workforce unit, blamed the situation on nancial constraints.

24 hours in pictures The most arresting news photography from the last 24 hours guardian. co.uk/ inpictures

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

11

National

For Ruth to go to work is unimaginable. She cant even cross the road on her own
continued from page 1 cost to the state of those appeals has risen from 25m in 2009-10 to 60m in 2011-12. About 38% of those who appeal against an initial t-for-work nding see that decision overturned on appeal and benets granted. Welfare rights organisations and charities have voiced consistent unease about the test and the way doctors employed by the private IT rm Atos, which is paid 100m a year by the government to carry out the test, have implemented it. Last week Labour called for a fast and radical overhaul of the system, admitting the policy it introduced when in government was not working. As deputy president of the Royal College of Nursing, Anim can project her fury about the experience her daughter endured far more powerfully than most individuals going through the system. This awareness has heightened her desire to talk about the injustice of the process, to educate people about how inaccurate the assessments can be. I am able to ght back, but what about the people who are not able to ght back? Its causing a lot of problems for a lot of people, she says. My daughters consultant neurologist was beside himself with fury when I told him. The rst question he asked was, Have they done a risk assessment? Ruths case is by no means exceptional. Mencap, the charity which supports people with a learning disability, says it has seen countless cases of misclassication of vulnerable clients, many of whom are told they are not eligible for any sickness or disability benet and must seek work immediately. performed by Atos had little regard for the nature or complexity of the needs of long-term sick and disabled persons, and proposed that the WCA should be halted with immediate eect. Jane Alltimes, senior policy ocer at Mencap, said Ruths case was not particularly extreme. Mencap has submitted recommendations for improvement to the system to the DWP, and is arguing for greater recognition of employers unwillingness to employ people with learning disabilities. Just 7% of people who receive state support for their learning disabilities are in work. The evidence weve seen suggests an assessment process that isnt working for lots of people with a learning disability. An assessment designed to determine a persons tness for work needs to take into account the realities of the barriers experienced by disabled people in getting a job things like job availability, the prejudices of employers, the support people need to overcome the barriers they face. An Atos Healthcare spokesperson said: We apologise for any discrepancy in our report and any distress this may have caused. We carry out around 15,000 assessments each week and work hard to provide the DWP with as much detailed information as we can to contribute to them making an accurate decision on benets. A DWP spokesperson said: The work capability assessment is under constant review to ensure it is both fair and eective, and it is in everyones interest to get the system right. We are committed to help thousands of people move from benets and back into work while giving unconditional support to those who are most in need. Cecilia Anim with her daughter Ruth, 27, from north London, who attends classes to learn life skills such as making a cup of tea or a sandwich Photograph: Lynda Nylind for the Guardian three weeks to show that she is actively seeking work, Anim says; but the adviser also told her that she could appeal against the decision. It only took her 10 minutes to realise that the decision was wrong. Anim spent her summer holiday trying to sort out the problem, marshalling the support of her local MP, Glenda Jackson, and a welfare rights organisation, Brent Association of Disabled People, as well as contacting Atos and the DWP. The decision caused immense stress to the whole family, she says. As a nurse I know what eect this has on families. You have to constantly struggle to get the support to meet her basic needs. After all we have gone through, then to be told she needs to look for work. She was totally oblivious to what was going on, as usual, but we felt disbelief, frustration, stress and shock. It was a barmy decision. People with learning disabilities need all the support they can get. [They should] not be put in this situation where there is total ignorance about their ability to work, safety and wellbeing. Although the Royal College of Nursing has no ocial position on the WCA, Anim is clear that the policy needs urgent reform. The system needs to be overhauled and reviewed. The DWP says that it has introduced numerous improvements to the testing process, but charities state that serious problems continue. A report published by Citizens Advice earlier this year found a worryingly low level of accuracy in the assessments. The charity has seen a 71% increase in workload relating to the employment and support allowance (the replacement to incapacity benet) over the past two years.

he principle underlying the WCA is that a health condition or disability should not automatically be regarded as a barrier to work, and in theory support is available to help people nd work. Anim says there is nothing she would like more than for her daughter to nd a job, just as she would like her to get married and have the kind of life her contemporaries have, but she argues that, given the severity of her daughters condition, this approach is not realistic. The 45-minute examination was chaotic from start to nish, Anim says. Her daughter was extremely anxious and kept asking the doctor if he was going to take a blood test. She refused to sit down and hopped on and o the medical examining couch when the doctor was talking to her. Anim points to a line in the partly computer-generated report which notes client was able to sit on a chair with a back for 45 minutes. The whole examination was very chaotic and bizarre because she was not co-operating. But in his report he has put that Ruthie sat for 45 minutes. She never sat down for more than three minutes, she says. At one point she went to the tap and washed her hands and started spraying the water everywhere. He raised his voice and said Stop doing that! I said no, no, dont speak to her like that. Shes got learning diculties; she doesnt understand. A few questions the doctor asked, about her daughters condition and her schooling, made Anim doubt his familiarity with the British care system. He noted in his report that her daughters speech was normal, although Anim had done most of the speaking. The few questions Ruth managed to respond to were answered inaccurately. He asked her how old she was and she said 18, despite the fact that she is 27, she says. A few months after the medical assessment Ruth was called to an interview at the jobcentre to discuss nding work. She went with her mother, who was aghast when she understood why they had been called in. I said Are you having a laugh? The jobcentre adviser realised very quickly that a mistake had been made. We sat down, and every question she asked her, Ruth raised her palms as if she didnt know the answer. She asked What day is it?; Ruthie said Thursday, but it was Tuesday. She asked What time is it?. She said 5.30pm, but it was 2.30pm, she recalls. Ruth was rummaging through the tray on her desk and being disruptive. She kept saying, Whats your name? They said she must come every

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I am able to ght back but what about the people who are not able to ght back?

ampaigners blame both the design of the policy and the way it has been implemented for the problems. The headquarters of Atos have been repeatedly targeted by disabled protesters, angry at the companys involvement in the assessments, and the companys sponsorship of the Paralympics caused widespread controversy. The National Audit Oce criticised the Department for Work and Pensions in August for not having sought nancial redress for contractor underperformance and recommended that it tighten performance requirements with Atos in relation to the quality of medical assessments. Earlier this year the BMA conference passed a motion stating that the inadequate computer-based assessment

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

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Asylum row

Undress for Opera Albarn launches ENO scheme to attract younger audiences
Damon Albarn yesterday launched a scheme designed to get more young people interested in opera, including cut price tickets and the promise of clubstyle bars. The scheme, Undress for the Opera, was inspired by the success of Albarns Doctor Dee. When Dee played at the Coliseum in the summer 60% of the ticket buyers were new to the English National Opera. One hundred 25 tickets will be available for performances of four operas in the coming season Don Giovanni; La Traviata; Cloud Atlas novelist David Mitchells Sunken Garden; and Philip Glasss The Perfect American. The tickets will be on sale a month before each performance; further details at eno.org. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP

Assange supporters ask to keep bail money


Julian Assanges supporters have pleaded in court to keep 140,000 in bail money that is in jeopardy because of the WikiLeaks founders decision to seek political asylum in the Ecuadorean embassy in London. Vaughan Smith, the former British army captain who hosted Assange at his home while he was on bail in 2011, told Westminster magistrates court that the nine sureties were powerless over the man whose compliance with the legal process they had guaranteed in 2010. He said Assanges decision to evade a European arrest warrant had become an unprecedented matter of diplomatic and inter-governmental concern. Smith told the court that a group of them visited Assange on Monday and concluded the sureties do not have the power to meaningfully intervene in this matter. This has become a matter between the Ecuadorean, British, Swedish, US and Australian governments. The supporters provided 5,000 to 20,000 each to secure Assanges freedom when he was arrested in December 2010 over allegations of rape and sexual assault relating to relationships with two women in Stockholm. Assange broke his bail conditions in June. The chief magistrate said he would take several days to consider the submission and other evidence before making a ruling. Robert Booth

Damon Albarn, left, and director Rufus Norris pose on a giant piano at the cut price opera launch Photograph Justin Tallis/AFP

Courts

Comedians girlfriend told him to dump her


Television presenter Justin Lee Collinss ex-girlfriend repeatedly told him to break up with her, his trial for domestic and emotional abuse heard yesterday. The 38-year-old said Anna Larke, who he is accused of harassing, frequently phoned him with the mantra: There are things you dont know about me, there are things you dont know about, you need to dump me, you need to dump me. Collins is alleged to have made Larke, a recovering alcoholic, write down in a Pukka pad all her previous sexual encounters. The comedian, who rose to fame with Channel 4s The Friday Night Project, said the sex list was her idea as cathartic and therapeutic. St Albans crown court heard that Collins did not want to write the details down but Larke, a video games public relations worker, dictated them to him. Sonia Woodley QC asked Collins: Did it ever occur to you to ask her about boyfriends? No, he answered. Were you interested? No, he replied. He added: She told me she wanted me to write everything in the pad. She couldnt bring herself to write it down herself. Collins denies harassment. The trial continues. PA

Security

UK in talks over hotline for cyber-emergencies


Britain has begun tentative talks with China and Russia about setting up a hotline to help prevent cyber-emergencies from spiralling out of control. The discussions are at an early stage but they reect anxiety from all sides that a calamity in cyberspace, whether deliberate or accidental, could have devastating consequences unless there is a quick and reliable way for senior ocials to reach each other. The US has been talking to the Chinese about a similar arrangement and the ideas will be among several raised at an international conference on cybersecurity in Hungary today. The event will involve 600 diplomats from up to 50 countries and is a followup to a conference in London last year. One of the aims of the negotiations is to agree rules of behaviour in cyberspace at a time when states have become aware of the potential to attack, steal from and disrupt their enemies online. China and Russia have been arguing for a more restrictive, state-controlled future for the internet and for formal arms-control-type treaties to govern what countries can and cannot do. But they have been challenged by European countries and the US. The UK has said there is no need for treaties and that controls on the internet would restrict economic growth and freedom of speech. Nick Hopkins

14

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Labour conference
Manchester 2012

Labour considers curbs on universal


Pensions of better-o could be targeted No poll llip for Miliband after tour de force speech
Patrick Wintour Political editor
Labour is looking at plans to cut winter fuel allowance and other benets for better o pensioners to use the cash to help fund social care for the elderly. The move is being described as symbolic of its new One Nation Labour philosophy. After claiming Disraelis one nation, slogan in his conference speech in Manchester on Tuesday, Miliband introduced the concept of One Nation Labour at a follow-up question and answer session yesterday. He wants to use One Nation Labour to demonstrate new and old Labour have been superseded. Miliband, basking in the praise lavished by his party on his conference speech, conrmed that he will attend a TUC anticuts demonstration. However, the first poll indications suggest the speech had done nothing to improve his ratings. One explanation is that it had relatively little impact on the TV bulletins, owing to competing news, but it also shows the scepticism Miliband faces amongst the public. Labours position on social care is important because Liberal Democrat social care minister Norman Lamb is seeking crossparty consensus on how to fund a cap on individuals social care costs. The idea of switching spending from wealthier pensioners to fund social care is seen as one way of raising the cash to implement the plans set out by economist Andrew Dilnot for the government. Dilnot proposed to cap individual costs of care for elderly and disabled people at about 35,000. The proposals might cost more than 1.8bn a year, but the Treasury has been reluctant to release the money. A report by the Institute for Fiscal Studies suggested in June that means-testing the winter fuel allowance and TV licence could raise 1.4bn a year, almost enough to cover the Dilnot proposals. The thinktank also suggested charging National Insurance on employers contributions to private pensions and abolishing the entitlement to tax free lump sums could raise almost 3bn. Labour support for withdrawing benets from wealthier pensioners would be similar to Liberal Democrat proposals, but it may be impossible to reach agreement in this parliament since David Cameron

Conference diary
Michael White
The Daily Mail did its ecient best yesterday to demolish Milibands claim to have attended a normal London comp, claiming with only some exaggeration that he is the product of the Labour aristocracy whose future stars and family friends were far removed from harsh working-class life. One detail the Mail overlooked is riveting. Milibands clever-but-poor refugee parents were befriended by Ruth Dalton, widow of a Labour chancellor (194547) and when she died she left them enough (5,000) to buy a nice house in Primrose Hill. She did the same for dashing young economist, John Vaizey. His son, another Ed, is now a Tory minister. Labour claims that about 11,000 people have been accredited to its 2012 conference, about the same as last year, though it does not provide a breakdown between political and commercial attendees. But one benecial consequence of belt-tightening all round has been that the security ring of steel around the conference centre has been smaller and less obstructive both to delegates and Mancunians trying to use their city centre. The main conference hotels are outside the ring, a great relief. In the bad old days even John Major would be body searched (he was chancellor at the time). Among those welcoming the Labour leaders stress on the importance of maths and English was Professor Alison Wolf, whose review of vocational education has also been embraced by the coalition. Wolfs good opinion matters even more to politicians who know she is married to FT economics heavyweight, Martin Wolf, whose views on Britains economic needs do not atter George Osborne.

has made a commitment not to touch the value of pensions for the wealthy. Lamb has suggested it might be necessary to appoint an honest broker between the parties to try to secure a consensus. Shadow work and pensions secretary Liam Byrne hinted at the possible move in an interview this week saying: Theres always been a balance in the welfare state between universal benets and targeted benets, and I am afraid as part of Ed Balls zero-based spending review that balance has got to be looked at. Milibands aides were yesterday trying to show how One Nation Labour might have electoral appeal. They suggested voters had turned away from the last Labour government because an unidentifiable group of workers felt there was no route into employment for their children. They also felt immigration was making their life more dicult, and no one cared. They considered New Labour did not do enough to reassure this group of voters that people at the top would be expected to display responsibility. His keynote speech suggests Miliband recognises that he needs to win over many people who voted Conservative at the last election, and a focus on former Liberal Democrat voters will not be enough. He also tried to portray Cameron as someone who is deliberately dividing the country, saying: People are thinking in their hearts, actually who can really unite this country, who can really bring this country together? He added that when Cameron appears at next weeks Conservative conference in Birmingham, you are not going to see a uniter, you are going to see a divider. You are going to see someone who is dividing Britain. The next general election will go to the person who can show that he can unite Britain, not divide it. Miliband also courted controversy with the rightwing press by saying he will attend a trade union-organised march against government cuts this month. The demonstration, labelled A future that works, is due to take place in central London on 20 October. Asked by a union member at Labours annual conference in Manchester if he would join the protest, Miliband replied that he would be there. Unions have criticised Labour for supporting a public sector pay freeze. Miliband also tried to deal with an omission in his conference speech by speaking extensively on climate change, and called for aviation emissions to be brought into national carbon budgets. Zoe Williams, page 32 Martin Kettle, page 33 Leader comment, page 34

In brief
Police
needs proper checks and balances. Yet the system takes too long and the powers often arent strong enough. The details of how the system will work are to be set out next spring by the independent commission on the future of policing, which was set up by Labour and is chaired by former Metropolitan police commissioner Lord Stevens. It is expected to include working much more closely with Her Majestys Inspectorate of Constabulary to avoid the current duplication of eort. The new body would ensure a faster resolution of complaints. Alan Travis teaching standards and act as a guarantor of quality training. This would be the equivalent of medical royal colleges and sit alongside the existing national college for school leadership that is designed to represent head teachers. The government has recently abolished the General Teaching Council. He will also say that he would support headteachers to remove incompetent teachers, although he stops short of setting out any specic proposals other than to say teachers should bear a duty to improve year on year. Twiggs thesis is that the standard of teaching is the most important way to improve pupil performance, and proposals such as more academies are far less important. Addressing the nal day of the Manchester conference he will warn that if the government introduces regional pay in public services, it could result in teachers in the toughest schools in the toughest neighbourhoods getting lower pay. That would undermine the need to make teaching as in Finland and South Korea an elite profession for top graduates. Instead graduates should be oered nancial rewards to take on those jobs, he will say, such as the debt write-o scheme. Twigg wants to pilot the project, perhaps even before the general election via Labour-run councils, but admits there is a lot of work to do . He will also tell delegates that teacher numbers have fallen by 10,000 in one year under the education secretary Michael Gove. Patrick Wintour

Cooper pledges to scrap IPCC and restore trust


Labour would abolish the Independent Police Complaints Commission and replace it with a tougher and much more robust Police Standards Authority to restore public trust in the police, the shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper, has promised. She said the need for reform had been demonstrated by the failures around the Hillsborough cover-up, the time it took to nd out the truth about the death of Ian Tomlinson during the G20 protest and the delays in getting new investigations under way into phone hacking and undercover policing. The IPCC wasnt able to sort out any of those cases, said Cooper, adding that its new chair, Anne Owers, had already warned about its lack of powers. She said a new body was needed so that isolated incidents were not allowed to damage the polices reputation. The move, which is said to have the support of senior police ocers, would see the creation of a Police Standards Authority with new powers to compel witnesses to appear, begin its own investigations, hold public hearings and impose sanctions. Police ocers need to know serious problems will be rooted out so they dont cast a shadow over everyone else, Cooper told the Labour conference. Policing in a democracy

The mood is better. Last year no one was listening: now we are
speech? I was surprised how good it was, delivered condently and unscripted. Hes now looking like a PM. I didnt expect it to be that good. Before the speech Quinn had fretted that Labour had wasted ve months on its leadership contest in 2010, allowing the coalition to blame the debt crisis entirely on Labours legacy, not the bankers. Now, he says, Eds grown in the job and has the measure of Cameron. He was ahead on banking and phone hacking. Ive met him twice and he comes across as sincere and honest. Plenty of delegates echo these sentiments. Sheila Dore, an east London teacher, recalls hearing Miliband addressing local education meetings. Hed speak, but he also listened. These views have infected the 2012 conference. Its not perfect, but it is more democratic; theyre not telling us what to say in our speech; theres less PR, music and ashing lights. Its more low-key but it allows a better conversation, says Dore. Another Labour delegate says: The mood is better. Last year no one was really listening; this year we are.

Education

Twigg to set out new teacher incentives


University students could have some part of their tuition fees paid o by the taxpayer in return for becoming teachers in poorer communities under plans due to be set out by the shadow education secretary Stephen Twigg today . The incentive scheme is part of a package being billed as a New Deal for Teachers, including a doubling in size of the successful Teach First plan, a scheme that encouraged university students to teach for at least two years. He will also propose teacher taster sessions for those interested in getting rsthand experience of teaching. He will set out plans for a new National College of Teaching Excellence to develop

Michael White
lan Quinn is a BAE shop steward helping to build Typhoon ghter aircraft. (We dont bash metal any more, we glue metal to carbon bre and Kevlar parts.) Hes anxiously looking to see if the proposed merger with EADS will expand Britains high-end manufacturing base or further erode it. But the 52-year-old also nds time to be a school governor, a magistrate and, for the past two years, what his constituency MP Ivan Lewis calls a good, crusading councillor in Labour Bury. What did Quinn think of Milibands

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

15

The Labour conference on film at guardian.co.uk/politics commentisfree.co.uk

John Harris abandons Labours party conference in Manchester and journeys to Moss Side to talk to people at the sharp end and ask what they make of Ed Milibands new One Nation Labour

Michael White tours Labours rs eets conference and meets igate delegates to investigate what the point in modern es political conferences is, o and why people go to them

Rory Weal, right, the 17-year old star of W La the Labour 2011 conference who stunn stunned the audience in his deno denounciation of the Tory gover government, reveals how his life has chang changed since and details his new politi political ambitions.

benets to pay for social care


Simon Hoggarts sketch Labours Tory whipping boy
All smiles Shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper is applauded by Labour leader Ed Miliband after her address to the partys annual conference yesterday in Manchester Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA suspect Andrew Mitchell has a recurring dream. Every morning, as the rst birds sing and before the morning papers land with a sickening thud on his doorstep, he begins to twitch in his sleep. Mrs Mitchell knows the signs. There will be no more sleep for her this dawn. She sighs. In his dream, the chief whip is riding his bike along Downing Street from number 12. He nears the gates at the end. A policeman steps forward: Excuse me sir, would you mind dismounting, and wheeling your bicycle through the pedestrian gate? Why, of course, ocer, Mr Mitchell replies. In the past your colleagues have been kind enough to open the main gates for me, but I do appreciate that they may have been bending the rules, if ever so slightly! You, however, are merely doing your job in dicult and possibly dangerous circumstances, and I will be more than happy to comply with your wishes. As he dreams on, the policeman gives him a respectful salute, and moments later he is back on his bike, wobbling down Whitehall towards a welldeserved dinner at the Carlton Club. Then, suddenly, he wakes up, screaming! He has the opposite of that moment of utter relief we feel on waking from a nightmare realising it hasnt happened. But it has! The waking horror continues once more, all over again, unceasingly! And that is certainly what Labour wants. They are still milking it for everything they can. Yesterday the shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper, used it

as yet another reason why, in her view, Labour has become the law and order party. Boris Johnson had said that people who swear at the police should be arrested. Except, it seems, in Downing Street. It really comes to something when the prime minister and the government chief whip are reprimanded for their lack of respect by a fellow member of the Bullingdon Club! All the buzz words are there. Privilege, arrogance, contempt for public servants. Limitless bliss for Labour.

esterday afternoon Ed Miliband answered questions from party members at the conference. The transformation of the gawky geek over the past year has been extraordinary. He looked calm, relaxed, condent. He was more like a slightly old-fashioned TV host Val Doonican perhaps than a political leader. After a while I realised that he was irting with the party, making mildly risqu jokes, tickling the ladies fancies. I remember kissing you! a great-grandmother? You dont look old enough! He could even get away with a little lecture. After past defeats the party had turned inward. We took leave of the electorate, and we took leave of our senses. Not now. The message was clear: stick with me, and well win. It might not be true, but it left them sighing with pleasure. Unlike Mrs Mitchell.

The result has often been a tentative atmosphere in the cavernous conference hall, the former Manchester Central train shed, draped in black curtains to make it t the smaller audience. Apart from the Olympic session and Milibands own speech (low-key by modern histrionic standards), there have been few emotional high points and standing ovations. Modern Labour conferences are dominated by people who have got on in life, but remember mums struggle with ill health and low pay, dads unemployment, their former communitys loss of industries, jobs and decent pensions, the stresses that killed grandma, the victimisation (blacklists still exist) at work. Traditional passions, including the NHS, still arouse strong feelings and Labour conferences are still happier with public spending plans than cuts. But there is greater acknowledgement nowadays of unavoidable choices, the need for eciency, green manufacturing and skills (they make very green steel in Scunthorpe these days), the power of markets as well as their unfairness. Much mocked as Miliband-ish policy wonking, Professor Michael Sandels hour-long Sunday seminar (What money cant buy) is said to have enthralled the Usdaw delegation, the union of shopworkers, who felt they were getting a glimpse of Harvard. Others mutter conference has been turned into a thinktank; by that they mean didactic and earnest. In the main hall and on the crowded fringe, routine Tory-bashing in speeches has been punctuated by hisses for the Lib Dems as hapless pantomime villains of the coalition, though neither the

leader nor his lieutenants have attacked the Clegg crew much, knowing they might have to deal with them if Labour wins without a Commons majority in 2015. There is little evident enthusiasm to contemplate that option. We can win by ourselves, says Ipswich councillor Keith Rawlingson. Im glad the Lib Dems are in coalition with the Tories, not us, adds his wife, Lindsey. The Lib Dems are toxic, condes their friend, Gary Hills. Old tribal dislikes die hard and optimism remains central to an activists dedicated life, even as activists accept that few people now want to join political parties. What they try to do instead, says MP Ivan Lewis, is engage with them in specic campaigns for a school or hospital, against a polluting plant and give participatory rights to them inside Labours hts tent as supporters, not members. orters Bhavna Joshi, who ghts Tory housshi, ing nimbyism in Great Ashby, Hertfordm shire (it sounds like JK Rowlings new ds novel), puts it dierently. t The public is beyond ic slickness and spin in d politics. The ordinary man in the street wants reet to know what we stand t for. Theyre not voting for a person, they want to know what a political t organisation can do for them. Her colleague, gue, Gary Hills, agrees, though gh their friends, the Rawlingsons, , think the need ed

to engage voters in a dialogue of ideas morality and decency over market dictation comes rst. They dont think much of using social media for this, but in polite, lowered voices suggest that Labour has to acknowledge the problems for jobs and public services which recent immigration has created. Milibands speech gave them a ick in that direction. Its success has generated expectation that he is now an established leader who is getting the measure of his ambition for Labour. Wandering around the conference on the 29th anniversary of his own election as Labour leader, Neil Kinnock was an early Ed-not-David man. People should have noticed by now that Miliband is tough, he says, rattling o a list that includes ghting his own brother, taking on Murdoch and the banks, even abolshadow cabinet ishing annual sh elections. Is he a geek Kinnock is geek? that another tha says people who meet him think: nice guy. He What a n engages w with people in an way, a bit like Mo unusual w [Mowlam] did. I hear what you say. In the b of Manchesbar ters Midland Hotel, the Midl historical historica heart of the conference, a gnarled conferen old union apparatchik Clydeside shipfrom the C yards, Unites Jim Mowatt, Unite oers his own verdict on the speech. I know this man better thi than I did before, and I trust bef him more, h says. he

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

17

National

Barbican oers art for those who miss the rain


Installation allows visitors to stand in downpour without getting wet
Oliver Wainwright
Ever wondered how Moses felt as he divided the waters of the Red Sea? Well, wonder no longer, as you too can now control the elements and part a deluge of torrential rain in the Barbicans Curve gallery. The latest work by young experimental practice Random International, Rain Room, invites brave visitors to enter a 100 sq metre downpour, without getting the slightest bit wet. Set on a plinth at the end of the dark, curving corridor space, backlit by a glaring spotlight, the perfectly rectangular chunk of rain appears transposed from a parallel place, with the precision of a carefully staged experiment. As visitors step on to the stage, these identical vertical lines of driving rain begin to be repelled, as if each body is giving o a kind of invisible magnetic eld. As you step further in, the rain closes around you, enveloping each gure in a perfect cylindrical void. It is a startlingly surreal experience. The apparently simple trick is the result of lengthy development which came out of playing with large-format printing. We started three years ago, testing temporary printing with water, spraying droplets from above, like a long-distance ink-jet printer, said Florian Ortkrass, who founded Random International with fellow Royal College of Art design graduates Stuart Wood and Hannes Koch in 2005. But we became much more interested in how people would react to the piece. Its the same with all of our work: it doesnt make sense without anyone there.

UK universities slipping down global rankings


Jeevan Vasagar Education editor
Elite British universities face a collapse into global mediocrity within a generation, say the compilers of a new league table of the worlds best universities. Leading universities in the UK have tumbled down the Times Higher Education rankings, while Asian institutions are advancing up the table. Caltech, the private US university based in Pasadena, California, takes top place, while Oxford and Stanford are joint second. Further down the rankings, US and British dominance is being eroded. Three English universities are in the top ten; Cambridge is seventh and Imperial College eighth in the rankings published yesterday. Bristol, Sheeld, Leeds, Birmingham and Newcastle have all fallen down the rankings, as have Glasgow and Aberdeen. St Andrews and Sussex have dropped out of the top 100 altogether this year. Phil Baty, editor of Times Higher Education rankings, says: Outside the golden triangle of London, Oxford and Cambridge, Englands world-class universities face a collapse into global mediocrity. while investment in top research universities in Asia is starting to pay o, he said. China has Peking University and Tsinghua University in the top 200. Singapores top two institutions also advanced up the table. Korea has four universities in the top 200 with Pohang University of Science and Technology at number 50. David Willetts, the universities minister, said the UK could not aord to be complacent. In future, any country that stands still or moves forward only slowly will nd itself slipping down the international league as other countries try harder, invest more and improve their research, said Willetts.

Gallery visitors enjoy the experience of standing in a downpour in the Barbicans Rain Room Photograph: Felix Clay

Their rst piece involving participation was Audience (2008), a disconcerting eld of mirrors that eerily turned to follow visitors as they walked between them, making the viewer both the active agent and subject of the piece. Two years later, their Swarm installation translated the collective behaviour of a ock of birds into moving light. The sound of visitors stimulated the collective consciousness of a network of suspended LEDs, causing dynamic

waves of light to ripple through the space. The group treats each project as part of a process of research into the relationship between people and intelligent technologies, and has been working with the cognitive scientist Philip Barnard to analyse peoples behaviour. The best bit is watching what people do, says Ortkrass. Its either totally crazy, or utterly banal, but never what were expecting. The Rain Room is controlled by a

series of cameras that 3D-map the location of bodies on the plinth, translating this to a pixelated grid of 25cm x 25cm panels, each of which controls nine outlets and a total of 2,500 litres of water, falling at a rate of 1,000 litres a minute, which is ltered, treated and recycled. The piece will play host to performances choreographed by Wayne McGregor, with music scored by Max Richter, to be premiered during the Frieze Art Fair.

18

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Venezuela International

14 years on, crime fears threaten to


Ailing president faces challenge to win re-election on Sunday amid claims he has failed to halt tide of violence on streets
Jonathan Watts Caracas
In the sprawling Caracas barrio of Catia, Mara Rosales is wishing she had enough money to stock up on food before Sundays presidential election. Her neighbours have already begun hoarding supplies in case the outcome is contested either by the incumbent, Hugo Chvez, or his challenger, Henrique Capriles. Whatever the result, Maria says she is likely to stay close to home; she has little enthusiasm for either candidate. It is a far cry from the euphoria and optimism of 1998, when Mara joined the crowds who surged on to the streets to dance and sing in celebration of Chvezs rst election victory. She was pregnant at the time, and hoped her unborn child would have more chance under a president who promised to help the poor. Her daughter, Hecmary, is now 13, and Mara says those opportunities have failed to materialise, while day-to-day concerns have increasingly become overshadowed by the threat of violent crime. This is not the life I dreamed for her, says Mara. We thought life would get better and it did for the rst seven years. But since then, things have got more difcult. Were going from bad to worse. On a global level, Sundays election is about who controls and distributes one of the worlds biggest recoverable oil reserves. For ideologues, it is a frontline battle between Bolivarian socialism and neoliberalism. But for most Venezuelan voters, it is about safety, fairness and a character who arguably inspires more love and hate than almost any other politician in the world. Chvez is admired for his charisma and ideals, but castigated for poor management and a failure to protect his countrys citizens from crime. His recent battle with cancer has added uncertainty and lowered his campaign profile, but he is still the favourite. Forecasts of the outcome range widely, however, and few are free from bias: in the past month, there have been at least 19 polls with predictions ranging from a 25-point lead for Chvez to a sixpoint win for Capriles. Senior officials in the presidents United Socialist party of Venezuela told the Guardian that the opposition was hyping the possibility of a close race to create uncertainty and lay the basis for a challenge to the result. They hope to shore up support with a huge rally in Caracas today the nal day of campaigning. Wandering through the streets of Altameira an upmarket district of Caracas the Guardian asked a dozen street vendors, parking attendants, taxi drivers, waiting staff and security guards how they planned to vote. Almost all of them voted for Chvez in the past. More than half said they would opt for Capriles this time. The main reason they gave was cambio change. The straw poll was hardly scientific, but it reects what analysts describe as a trend away from Chvez despite the enormous oil wealth of Venezuela and the efforts made by the government to reduce inequality. Under Chvez, the probecame president in his case to a middleclass family that now owns a stylish Italian restaurant in a Caracas shopping mall. The teenager who goes to a private Jesuit school says he is scared of being kidnapped. His sisters college friends turn up in bulletproof cars with bodyguards. At least a dozen of their friends families have left the country in recent years, but not because of nancial pressure or high taxes; under Chvez, many of the countrys better o have maintained their lifestyle or even grown wealthier. Diegos mother, Julieta who was among hundreds of thousands at a Capriles rally in Caracas on Sunday says the wealth divide has not closed. In the past 14 years, I think my rich friends have actually got richer. Some are Swiss bankers. Some supply the state broadcaster. Theyve always had money. Now they have more. The benets of the Chvez era are more evident in the low-income neighbourhood of Guatire, where Danyely Lozada another teenager born when he came to power has grown up. She says things are getting better for locals. Although she is worried about crime and remains at home at night, she says the dangers are exaggerated. There are limits to what the state has achieved. The family say they have received no benefits from government social programmes. When her stepfather, Marlon, broke his wrists in a trac accident, he had free surgery but had to work for four months to pay for the pins and paperwork. Danyelys mother has taken on a job so her daughter can attend a private school and further her ambition of becoming a forensic clinician. Public education is not good. There is too much sex and drugs, said Marlon a former convict who is now an evangelical Christian. He declares himself a Chvez supporter. With him, the power is with the people. Its not that there is less poverty, but the poor now have more opportunities. Whether he has created enough chances and redistributed enough oil money to outweigh the growing risk of crime in peoples minds is likely to determine Sundays vote in this vibrant democracy. For the rst time I am seeing a tight race. Either candidate could win, said Asdrubel Olivares, a political analyst at the Ecoanalitica consultancy. The deciding element will be mobilising voters and this is an area where Chvismo has an advantage. Getting the public to join in decisionmaking is one area where even Chvezs fiercest critics agree he has brought improvements. One good thing to have come from the Chvez period is the widespread conviction that the population have developed a greater right to participate, said Teresa Albanez, who oversaw the primary election for his rival Capriles. Chvez has institutionalised this and people have internalised this. Thats good, but it is sad that he hasnt accomplished enough to benet them. Additional reporting by Virginia Lopez Mark Weisbrot page 32

In the barrios of Caracas formerly stout Chvez supporters are now uncertain

portion of the population living in poverty has fallen from a half to a quarter. There is free healthcare and education. Nutrition rates have improved. More than 20 universities have been built. Adult education campaigns have helped to improve literacy rates. To shore up his support before this years election, Chvez has widened the state pension programme, raised the minimum wage by 30% and launched a scheme to build a quarter of a million homes. But in the eyes of many voters, mismanagement, corruption and eye-watering crime rates have undermined the benets of Bolivarian rule. Mara has beneted from an adult education programme and subsidised groceries. But she says food has become harder to find. The food programme used to be great, but now you stand in line for a long time and often get nothing. Before Chvez, there was more choice. For many voters, the presidents achievements have been overshadowed by rising violent crime a major concern for almost everyone the Guardian interviewed. By some counts the murder rate in Caracas is higher than that of Baghdad. Last year alone, the countrys homicide rate tripled to 67 per 100,000 inhabitants, the highest in South America according to the Venezuelan Violence Observatory. The government says the rate is about 50 per 100,000. On Maras street, two people were gunned down last month, but she says she has grown accustomed to the violence. In the past when someone was killed, everyone would go to see what happened. But now we just stay indoors to protect ourselves. Theres nothing you can do. Its too common. Her daughter, Hecmary, never goes out at night and travels with friends by day. Although Chvez has launched a new police force to try to tackle this, their neighbour Yibilady Jmenez says crime is why she too will vote against Chvez. Nobody talks about food prices or holes in the road. When it comes to election issues, the only one people here talk about is security. Its always been bad, but it has become much worse. In a sharply polarised society, fear of crime is one of the few issues that crosses the income and political divides. Diego Tirado was also born the year Chvez

Supporters of Venezuelas legendary president, Hugo Chvez, holding portraits of the

Venezuela Key indicators


Unemployment
1999 2009

GDP per capita


2011

Extreme poverty

Infant mortality

14.5%

7.6%

23.4%

rate per 1,000 live births

$10,810 20
1999 1999

$4,105
1999

8.5%
2011 2011

13

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

19

International

ruin legacy of once-mighty Chvez


Nations brightest hope or an elitist with a secret neoliberal agenda?
Jonathan Watts and Virginia Lopez
The rival who is giving Hugo Chvez his closest run since winning power in 1998 has gained votes in the middle ground thanks to a marathon campaign and a reputation for managerial competence. To his supporters, Henrique Capriles is the best hope to return Venezuela to the political middle ground. To his critics,he is an elitist who is secretly preparing a rightwing agenda. The 40-year-old grandson of Holocaust survivors trained as a lawyer and started his political career at 27 when he won a seat in the national congress. It was the start of a rapid rise from mayor to governor to opposition presidential candidate. Like Chvez, he boasts of never having lost an election and again like Chvez, who was imprisoned after a coup attempt in 1992, he has spent time in jail. He has spent 119 days in prison for his alleged involvement in a violent protest outside the Cuban embassy after a failed coup against Chvez in 2002. The charges were dropped, allowing him to return to politics. Following his time as mayor of Baruta, Capriles ran for governor of Miranda, the second most populous state in Venezuela, surprising everyone by beating Chvezs righthand man, Diosdado Cabello. Even opponents credit him for running a smart, energetic campaign. In deliberate contrast to Chvez who has been less visible than in previous elec-

Now the US has a candidate linked to their interests


Professor Nicmer Evans on Henrique Capriles, below

tions as a result of his cancer - Capriles has zipped around the country, making two rallies a day. Having started o with a low-key, door-to-door approach, he now attracts huge crowds as his caravan motorcade of supporters drives through towns and cities. In the biggest rally yet in Caracas on Sunday, he drew hundreds of thousands of supporters. As the representative of a wide range of anti-Chvez forces, including business groups, agriculturalists, trade unionists and greens, he has positioned himself as a centrist. To eat into the vote of the president, he has promised to continue many of the existing wealth distribution and social programmes, but to manage them more eectively. Leftist critics say he is hiding a neoliberal agenda that will see Venezuela reduce the size of government and move closer to the United States. The US always try to inuence our elections. Now they have a candidate linked to their interests, claimed Nicmer Evans, a left-leaning professor of political science at the Central University of Venezuela Capriles told the Guardian he expects any transition to be difficult but not violent. We have to see who has the disposition to work with us. If the top echelons of government leave, we will talk to the middle ranks. This is what happened to me when I received the governorship. The corrupt previous governor didnt do the handover. We received the Miranda governorship completely dismantled.

independence hero Simn Bolvar during a campaign rally in Yaracuy Photograph: Rodrigo Abd/AP

per 100,000 pop

average consumer prices 2012 est.

nominal, net

31.6%
3

1999

25.0
Devaluation Devaluation Devaluation

1999

23.6%

1999

$14.4bn
2011

Capital controls imposed. Ocial exchange rate xed to dollar

2011

45.1

$60bn

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

Venezuelan elections 2012 guardian.co.uk/world


On the website Breaking news from our correspondents Jonathan Watts and Virginia Lpez, and all the latest comment and analysis on Venezuelas closely contested 2012 election. Vote for Chvez? Two Venezuelan writers debate the achievements and the shortcomings of one of the worlds most polarising political gures. One last push The presidents re-election bid reaches its climax today with a nal rally in Caracas which is expected to attract ez z hundreds of thousands of Chvez supporters. o Video From his rst attempt to take power with a failed coup in 1992 to his ght against cancer and nd d his campaign for re-election, we take a look at key moments in Hugo ugo g Chvezs career. Venezuela in numbers Poverty y levels and illiteracy have fallen, but ut t violent crime and ination have soared: the key indicators on our r interactive graphic. Audio slideshow Out on the campaign trail with Chvez and his his rival Henrique Capriles.

SOURCES: WORLD BANK, INE, THOMSON REUTERS, UNODC, IMF, EIA

Currency Bolivars to one dollar

Murder rate

Ination

Oil exports

20

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

International

Iran protesters clash with riot police as currency plummets


Saeed Kamali Dehghan
Hundreds of demonstrators in the Iranian capital clashed with riot police yesterday, during protests against the crisis over the countrys currency. Police used batons and teargas to try to disperse the crowds. The day after President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad appealed to the market to restore calm, the Grand Bazaar the heartbeat of Tehrans economy went on strike, with various businesses shutting down and owners gathering in groups chanting anti-government slogans in reaction to the plummeting value of the rial, which has hit all-time lows this week. Mahmoud [Ahmadinejad] the traitor leave politics, shouted protesters, according to witnesses. Other slogans were leave Syria alone, instead think of us, said opposition website Kaleme.com. Irans alleged nancial and military support for Bashar al-Assad appears to have infuriated protesters in the wake of the Mahmoud Ahmadinejad faced protesters chants as currency traders in Tehran shut up shop yesterday countrys worst nancial crisis since the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. Angry protesters and foreign exchange dealers were demonstrating near the bazaar in the south of the capital. The Bazaaris shouted Allahu Akbar [God is great] as they closed down their shops in the morning, said a witness. Amateur videos posted on YouTube showed demonstrators encouraging them. Security forces were soon sent to quell the protests. They used teargas to disperse demonstrators in Ferdowsi Street and also blocked the streets close to the protests in order to prevent people joining them, said another witness, who asked to remain anonymous. Some shop windows in that area have been smashed and dustbins set on re. A number of demonstrators had been arrested, according to Kaleme. A Bazaar ocial, Ahmad Karimi Esfahani, denied that the turbulences were linked to the business owners, claiming shops were closed for security reasons and not part of a strike. The rials devaluation and soaring prices of staple goods are the latest signs that a combination of western sanctions targeting the regimes nuclear programme and government mismanagement are compounding the countrys economic woes. The government has failed to bring the rial under control despite several attempts. It has lost 57% of its value in the past three months and 75% in comparison with the end of last year. The dollar is now three times stronger than early last year. Yesterday, many foreign exchange dealers and bureaux across the country refused to trade dollars and some currency-monitoring websites refused to announce exchange rates. Some Iranians expressed anger on social networking websites to the national TVs blackout of the protests, saying it discussed the European nancial crisis with little, if no coverage, of Tehrans unrest. The authorities were also reported to have jammed signals of the BBCs Persian service as the protest unfolded.

Syria blames rebels as car bombs in Aleppo kill 34


Associated Press Beirut
At least 34 people were killed and more than 120 injured when three suicide bombers detonated cars packed with explosives yesterday in a government-controlled area of the Syrian city of Aleppo. Buildings were razed and survivors were trapped under the rubble, state TV said. A fourth explosion hit the edge of the old city, a Unesco World Heritage site that has been heavily damaged during more than two months of erce ghting between rebels and government forces. The government said the blasts were caused by opposition suicide bombers. Al-Qaida-style jihadist groups are known to have entered Syria to ght against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. The Syrian government has always blamed the uprising on foreign terrorists, even though the revolt began as peaceful protests by ordinary citizens that turned violent after attacks by security forces. The Syrian opposition denies any links to terrorists or any use of suicide attacks. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which relies on a network of activists on the ground, said at least 40 people were killed and around 90 wounded in the four blasts, most of them members of the regime forces. It said mortars also targeted the nearby political security department around the same time of the bombings. The Syrian security ocial, however, said most of the casualties were civilians. Regime troops had killed two more would-be suicide bombers before they could detonate their explosives, he said on condition of anonymity in line with government regulations. Syrian state TV showed the bodies of three men wearing army uniforms at the site of the explosions. One of them appeared to be wearing an explosive belt with a timer tied to his wrist. Rebels last week announced a push to capture Aleppo, where they have been ghting regime troops since July. But the bloodshed also is increasingly spreading outside Syrias borders. At least three people, including a six-year-old boy, were killed in a house in neighbouring Turkey yesterday by a shell red from inside Syria, according to Abdulhakim Ayhan, mayor of the Turkish town of Akcakale. Turkeys state-owned Anadolu Agency reported that angry townspeople marched to the mayors oce in protest at the deaths. In Aleppo, footage broadcast on staterun Ikhbariya TV showed widespread damage around Saadallah al-Jabri Square and several bodies, including one being pulled from the rubble of a collapsed building.

A Free Syrian Army ghter shoots at Syrian army positions in Aleppo

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

21

International

Convicted without his knowledge and jailed 10 years later


Doctor arrested after stopping o in Abu Dhabi Never told of complaint about treatment of child
Sarah Boseley Health editor
A South African doctor who dedicated himself to saving the lives of black children from cancer throughout the apartheid era has been refused bail by a court in Abu Dhabi, where years ago he was accused and convicted without his knowledge of killing a young leukaemia patient. Cyril Karabus pioneered treatment for cancer and blood disorders at the Red Cross hospital in Cape Town, where he worked for 35 years, and trained numerous doctors at Cape Town University, some of whom work at the Great Ormond Street and Whittington hospitals in London. Now 77, he has been returned to the jail in Abu Dhabi where he has been conned for the last two months. He is an old, frail and very sickly man, said his lawyer, Michael Bagraim. He has no travel documents or any means of escaping or jumping bail. There doesnt seem to be any heart in what is taking place. My reports from people who were in the court were that the man appears to be broken. He was hunched. He was shackled. He is almost 78 and he has a pacemaker and a stent because of problems with his heart. He appears to have his spirit broken as well. Yet the man has not done anything wrong. The rst Karabus knew of the 10-yearold criminal conviction against him was after he was arrested at Dubai airport on 18 August as he changed ights on his way home from his sons wedding in Canada. He had no knowledge of a complaint about his treatment, 12 years ago, of a three-yearold child while he was working as a locum at the Sheikh Khalifa Medical Centre in Abu Dhabi. He had reached retirement age in South Africa but loved his work and could not, in any case, aord to get by on a state pension. His daughter Sarah, a paediatrician in Cape Town, who was travelling with him, said: We have all been completely traumatised by it. We are a big family. We were together for the rst time in years at my brothers wedding. We came from a joyous occasion and then this happened. The family is depressed and angry. They had all been given 24-hour visas to go to a hotel because they had a 10-hour stopover in Dubai. When they returned to board the plane, she and her husband and two children went through the passport check before her parents, so she did not see what happened next. My mother said they were standing at passport control when a man in a suit came up to him and said: Come with me, Im police. My father asked his name. He said: I dont have to tell you, Im police. My mother was given ve minutes with him. She was told she couldnt stay in the country. The family said they all believed it must have been a mistake, or at least that he would be allowed home while he challenged the conviction. However, Karabus has been in jail ever since, even though his lawyers had the original conviction over-

Dr Cyril Karabus, a cancer specialist, led pioneering treatment for black children in Cape Town during the apartheid era. He was convicted in absentia following the death of a three-year-old leukaemia patient in Abu Dhabi, where he later worked

turned on the basis that he had not been told of the complaint, and therefore had not had a chance to defend himself. He faces new charges of manslaughter and was refused bail at the fourth hearing in the case, at which authorities were given more time to nd the les, which have all gone missing. They cant even nd the les to make the allegations, Bagraim said. They cant nd the family of the deceased girl. They have nothing. He is probably one of the leading experts in paediatric oncology. He is telling the court, I have done nothing wrong

and if I had to do it again, I would do the same thing. This was acute leukaemia. The kid was going to die anyway. There was nothing he could do but make her comfortable. The World Medical Association, an international organisation representing doctors, has written to the United Arab Emirates justice minister to express its deep concern about Professor Karabus and the state of his health, and its surprise that he has not been granted bail. It said it would follow any trial closely. Many other doctors have expressed support, and Sarah Karabus said she was

answering 80 to 100 emails a day from wellwishers. Her father has been moved to the medical wing of the prison where he is being held, and has been allowed a chess set and some books. Bagraim said the South African government did not want to interfere in another countrys justice system, but he felt it could do more. He [Karabus] has done the country proud. He saved the lives of the poorest of the poor. During the apartheid system, he concentrated on helping children of colour, so much so that he is an impoverished man himself today. The next hearing is set for 11 October.

A reminder that starting from October 2012, all employers must enrol eligible workers into a qualifying workplace pension scheme. The date you have to do this by depends on the size of your company, but to give yourself time to prepare, visit The Pensions Regulator at www.tpr.gov.uk/actnow where youll nd out all you need to know.

Workplace pensions. Were all in.

22

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Eyewitness 03.10.12 Paris fashion week

Louis Vuitton brings checks and balance to the Palais du Louvre


Jess Cartner-Morley Paris
Whatever hot new names appear on the Paris fashion week schedule, Marc Jacobs says, his competition never changes. My goal is the same. Every time, I want to beat myself, he says. How to follow last seasons epic Louis Vuitton show, a lavish 15-minute theatre piece in which a real steam train carried a phalanx of models to a catwalk in the shadow of the Louvre? Jacobss answer was to wipe the slate clean, leaving behind the Anna Karenina romance and nostalgia of that collection for a mood of simplicity and purity. I wanted to get away from story telling and do something very mathematical and geometric, said Jacobs backstage after yesterdays show. The collection was inspired by Les Deux Plateaux, an abstract artwork by Daniel Buren that has dominated the courtyard of the nearby Palais-Royal since 1986. Les Deux Plateaux consists of 260 columns of dierent heights, arranged in a grid. Jacobs used the link between the sculpture and the traditional Damier check used on Louis Vuitton luggage to create a collection based on squares and symmetry, pairs and contrast. The show space was dominated by four shiny escalators, craned into the Louvre courtyard for the occasion. Models appeared in pairs at the top of the escalators, and each walked in step with her twin along the catwalk. The concept showed o the contrast in the collection a very short dress beside a oor-length one, a black-on-white graphic print next to its negative image but also served as a useful device for obscuring the individuality of the models. Last season, as each model descended from the train in a unique outt and with a dierent combination of luggage, the audience was prompted

Each walked in step with her twin along the catwalk a very short dress beside a oor-length one
to imagine individual stories. This time, our attention was deftly directed towards the show as a whole. Even the colours a chess-set monochrome, leathery brown, the brisk lemon popular on the packaging of cleaning products spoke of order and neatness. Goose feathers embroidered onto evening dresses were lain perfectly at and trimmed into crisp-edged squares. This was the rst ever Louis Vuitton show not to feature the LV monogram, as Jacobs pushed the 124-year-old Damier check to the fore. Usually seen in tan and chocolate, it was remade in white and lemon for tiny handbags on the catwalk, and will doubtless be much in evidence in rst-class cabins next summer. The escalators, perhaps, were to show how well the design suits Heathrows Terminal 5. But commercial motives notwithstanding, there was a strong synergy between this show, played out on a chequerboard, and the honeycombbased collection by Alexander McQueen the previous day. The growing minimalist movement in Paris is relegating the retro-themed costume meme that has dominated the catwalks for years in favour of fashion with an abstract, mathematical or geometric theme. The rst pair of models, with matching beehives in Edie Sedgwick babyblonde, seemed a nod to Jacobss 60s-tinged New York show. The pairing of minidresses with maxidresses was inspired by the contrasting 60s beauties Franoise Hardy and Jane Birkin, Jacobs said. Hardy was always covered up, Birkin always revealing plenty of esh, but both always in simple clothes. But he was adamant the 60s allusions were secondary to the set, which he designed with Buren. For me, this show is about purity, about how something simple can be very comforting.

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

23

Squared o The rigorously geometrical Louis Vuitton spring/summer 2013 show, created by Marc Jacobs, was designed to show o the luxury brands signature check Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

24

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

International
Pakistan
can corruption, and leaking them to an Italian journalist, Gianluigi Nuzzi, who turned them into a bestselling book. Police decided to search Gabrieles Vatican apartment after realising that letters published in the book could only have been seen by someone close to the ponti. Ocers told the Vatican court they found tens of thousands of documents packed into large cupboards in Gabrieles living room and study. They included private documents about the popes inner circle, letters in code issued by the Vaticans secretariat of state customary when it writes to nuncios around the world and letters signed by the pope. The search turned up documents that had been published in Nuzzis book. Police also recalled nding documents about masking mobile phone calls and a large number of computer memory sticks. The documents concerned famous Italian criminal conspiracies, including the mysterious death of banker Roberto Calvi .Tom Kington

Peas in a pod Womens shared cause

US activists plan hunger strike in drones protest


A group of American women are considering holding a hunger strike outside the US embassy in Islamabad as part of a campaign against CIA drone attacks in Pakistan. Thirty-ve activists from Code Pink, a US anti-war group, have gathered in the capital this week as they prepare for a march and political rally in South Waziristan, one of the semi-autonomous tribal areas on the Afghan border, which is a hotbed of Taliban militancy. Doubts persist, however, over whether it can take place. Local authorities are concerned about safety. Medea Benjamin, a veteran activist leading the delegation, said: Frankly, its a win-win situation for us, whether we get into Waziristan or not. We are going because we are challenging the Pakistani government to allow us to go to a place that has been o-limits but needs to be seen. And if they try to stop us, it will be clear they do not want the world to see what is going on there. The march against the drone attacks, which is being led by Imran Khan and his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party, is due to take place this weekend. On Tuesday the women met retired generals, envoys and a former head of the Inter-Services Intelligence, and discussed ways to publicise their cause. Those tactics included the hunger strike outside the US embassy in Islamabad. The march organisers intend to spend Saturday night in a town outside the tribal areas then move on to Jandola for the rally. Jon Boone Islamabad

Indonesia

Locals make a meal of stranded pilot whales


The beaching of 46 pilot whales on a small island in south-eastern Indonesia during which all but three died has turned into a bonanza for locals, who have taken the meat for food, a common practice for the regions whale hunters. Many of the whales were already dead when they were discovered on Sabu islands Raijua beach in East Nusa Tenggara province on Monday. According to island ocial Marthen Dira Tome, some were injured after being battered against the surrounding coral reefs. Some locals and animal activists struggled to help send the surviving whales out to sea, but they repeatedly swam back to shore. According to Pramudya Harzani of the charity Jakarta Animal Aid Network, the beaching may have been partially due to the rapidly receding tides of the seasonal monsoon. But scientists believe pilot whales follow a leader to shore when one becomes sick, stranding them all. Because of their traditional practices, local whale hunters are exempt from the UNs international ban on commercial whaling. Kate Hodal Bangkok

France

First lady apologises for anti-Sgolne tweet


Valrie Trierweiler (pictured below right), the partner of the French president, Franois Hollande, has issued her rst public apology for the controversial tweet that caused a scandal in June, just as a poll showed the majority of French people have a negative view of her. After three and a half months of relative silence, Trierweiler appeared to be back on a media oensive to correct her poor image, with a carefully worded interview with the biggest-selling regional paper, Ouest France. She gave her rst public mea culpa for the tweet that laid bare her animosity to Sgolne Royal, Hollandes ex-partner and the mother of his four children, which forced the presidents complex love life on to the front pages. In the tweet, she had expressed support for a dissident socialist running for election against Royal. It was a mistake, and I regret it, she told Ouest France. I was clumsy because it was badly interpreted. I hadnt yet realised that I was no longer a simple citizen. It wont happen again. She added that she thought the media reaction to the tweet had been disproportionate. A poll to be released by the magazine VSD on Thursday found 67% of French people had a bad view of Trierweiler, who despite recent appearances in New York and at Paris fashion week has struggled to escape references to the tweet. Angelique Chrisas Paris

Russia
Polish rst lady Anna Komorowska greets the emir of Qatars wife, Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser, in Warsaw for an award for work on behalf of children Photograph: EPA

Security chief blames al-Qaida for wildres


Russias top security ocial has alleged that al-Qaida is waging forest jihad in Europe by sparking the wildres that have ravaged the continent in recent summers. Forest res in EU countries should be considered one of the new trends in al-Qaidas thousand cuts strategy, Alexander Bortnikov, head of the Federal Security Service, told a security conference in Moscow yesterday, Russian news agencies reported. This approach allows them to inict signicant damage on the economy and morale without any serious preparation, technical equipment or nancial losses, he said. He cited talk of forest jihad on extremist websites as evidence. Outbreaks of re in forests across Europe have become a yearly phenomenon, often blamed on human negligence. This year tens of thousands of hectares were set ablaze across Spain, Portugal, the Balkans and southern Europe. About 2,000 people were moved from their homes in Spain last week as strong winds fuelled res (below). Environmentalists dismissed Bortnikovs claim. Miriam Elder Moscow

Gaza

Vatican city

Human Rights Watch condemns Hamas


Hamas security forces are subjecting Palestinian detainees in Gaza to torture and abuse, according to a report by Human Rights Watch, which says three men have been executed on the basis of confessions apparently obtained under coercion. The report cites serious abuses such as arbitrary arrest, denial of access to lawyers and the use of torture during interrogations. After ve years of Hamas rule in Gaza, its criminal justice system reeks of injustice, routinely violates detainees

Stolen papal papers were to be destroyed


Vatican police have told the trial of the popes former butler they found coded Vatican correspondence in his house and documents on which the pope, pictured at his weekly audience, had written to be destroyed in German. Four ocers were giving evidence on the third day of Paolo Gabrieles trial for stealing Pope Benedict XVIs private letters, which detailed allegations of Vati-

rights, and grants immunity to abusive security services, said Joe Stork of HRW. Hamas should stop the kinds of abuses that Egyptians, Syrians and others in the region have risked their lives to bring to an end. The report, Abusive System: Criminal Justice in Gaza, calls for urgent reforms, including a moratorium on the death penalty. It cites the case of Abdel Karim Shrair, who, according to family and lawyers, was tortured under interrogation before being executed in May 2011 after confessing to collaborating with Israel. Fourteen Palestinians have been executed since Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007. This week the European Union condemned death sentences handed down to two men, one for murder and the second for collaboration. Harriet Sherwood Jerusalem

Costa Rica

Legislators ban hunting of animals for sport


Costa Rica is poised to become the rst Latin American country to ban hunting as a sport after its congress provisionally approved reforms to its wildlife conservation law. Politicians voted 41 in favour of and ve against the ban, and a second vote expected in the coming week is widely seen as ratifying changes to the law, which aims to protect animals in one of the worlds most biodiverse countries. Costa Ricas national parks attract 300,000 visitors a year, and tourism is a mainstay of the economy. Were not just hoping to save the animals but were hoping to save the countrys economy, because if we destroy the wildlife there, tourists are not going to come anymore, environmental activist Diego Marin, who campaigned for the reform, told local radio. Jaguars, pumas and turtles are among the countrys most treasured species, and are often hunted or stolen as trophies. Reuters San Jos

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

25

International

Greens $2m campaign turns up heat on Republicans


Group campaigns to target sceptics of climate change Nine congressional seats under pressure, say polls
Suzanne Goldenberg US environment correspondent
The environment has mostly been notable by its absence as an issue in the 2012 presidential race, but it may yet have an impact as campaign groups target the vulnerable congressional seats of Republicans who dismiss the dangers of climate change. This Congress is generally considered the most unfriendly to the environment on record with multiple votes in the House of Representatives to strike down or weaken environmental regulations, cut back funds for developing clean energy, and discount the existence of climate change. Now, nine Republicans all in tough re-election contests are facing payback for the records on the environment. In the congressional races, the League of Conservation Voters aims to spend $2m before election day to defeat what the group calls the Flat Earth Five: Republicans who do not accept established science on climate change. The Leagues targets include: Dan Benishek of Michigan, Ann Marie Buerkle of New York, Francisco Canseco of Texas, Dan Lungren of California and Joe Walsh of Illinois. The group is spending heavily on television ads as well as direct mail. A parallel effort launched last week by the Sierra Club Toxic Money, Toxic Votes was aimed at punishing Canesco, Lungren and four other Republicans for their voting records. Collectively known as the Toxic Six, the group also includes Republicans Mike Coman of Colorado, Chris Gibson of New York, Jim Renacci of Ohio, and Bobby Schilling of Illinois. The Sierra Club sent out a direct mailer this week in Lungrens district, noting that the congressman received nearly half a million dollars from oil and gas companies and accusing him of being too close to the industry. The targeting of house races is a relatively new tactic for campaign groups, and reects realisation among green activists that an environmentally friendly president, such as Obama, could not deliver on climate change or maintain existing protections without support from Congress. The rise of the conservative Tea Party movement in the 2010 elections made it politically expedient for Republicans to deny the existence of climate change, or block environmental protections. The Tea Party ascendancy saw Romney as well as

guardian.co.uk/usa
Full coverage of the rst 2012 presidential debate between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney with our US 2012 election team, including commentary from Gary Younge, Ana Marie Cox, Jonathan Freedland and Glenn Greenwald Live news of the days events from Richard Adams and news reports from our Washington team

Obama shifting their positions on climate change. Jeff Gohringer, a spokesman for the League, said there were signs that dismissing the dangers of climate change could come back to haunt members of Congress. He said polls indicated the extra push from the environmental group was paying o. Gohringer said of the ve Republicans targeted by his organisation: What we are seeing now is that these members are actually being put on the spot for their positions on climate change. The website RealClearPolitics on Friday rated districts for Schilling, Buerkle, and Walsh as likely Democratic pick-ups. Lungren, Renacci, Coffman, and Canseco were in toss-up races, according to RealClearPolitics. At least one candidate, Canseco, has publicly complained about the campaign.

Divided Bosnias cash crisis closes National Museum


John Hooper Sarajevo
The National Museum of BosniaHerzegovina will close today after 124 years the victim of a political funding crisis that is devastating the divided nations cultural institutions. Bosnia has already lost its national art gallery this year and international campaigners say at least ve other cultural institutions are at risk. They include the National and University Library, which was attacked and reduced to rubble during the 1992-95 war. Last month the librarys electricity was cut o. On the same day the director of a projected national contemporary art museum announced his resignation saying he had nowhere to put a collection including works by internationally renowned painters such as Jannis Kounellis that was put together after the war by artists and benefactors. The museums deputy director, Marica Filipovic, said it had survived two world wars and the last one without ever closing totally. But it seems it will not survive the peace, she said. The museums pride is the Sarajevo Haggadah, an illuminated 14th-century Jewish manuscript valued at $700m. Other treasures include a 250,000-volume library, an extensive display of folk costumes, its renowned entomological collection and unique neolithic ceramics from the internationally famous excavations at Butmir nearby. The explanation that is being given is budgetary, but the issue is political, said Azra Aksamija, a Sarajevo-born artist and academic who is assistant professor of art, culture and technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The US-brokered Dayton accords, which stopped the ghting, entrusted Bosnias leading cultural institutions to a state government whose powers and

Bitcoin fans try to salvage the good name of online currency


Peter Beaumont
It was an idea that first emerged at the end of the heyday of cyber-utopianism: Bitcoin, the virtual and universal currency that could be exchanged for goods and services online, the brainchild of a mysterious pseudonymous cryptographer. Since its formal launch in 2009, Bitcoin has been adopted by a variety of organisations, including WikiLeaks, the Electronic Frontier Freedom Foundation (albeit briey) and a number of online traders. But others, too, saw its unique advantages including criminals who have allegedly used it for money-laundering. More recently a Bitcoin savings and loan bank came under investigation for being a fraudulent Ponzi scheme. Now, following these controversies, some of its leading supporters have launched a foundation designed to rehabilitate the reputation of the fledging online currency. The Bitcoin Foundation is modelled on the Linux Foundation, the non-prot group that promotes the popular open source operating system. Its purpose is clear: to attempt to restore faith in a system bedevilled by a reputation for fraud and criminality. In the most recent episode thieves with a Russian IP address raided Bitoor a US online trading oor for the currency, stealing 150,000-worth of Bitcoins. First proposed by an online cryptographer who styled himself Satoshi Nakamoto a real identity has never been established it was initially adopted by a small group of cyber-utopians, including Gavin Andresen, a US computer codewriter and one of the gures behind the new foundation. While individual units of the currency are minted or mined in Bitcoins terminology by a complex system, most of those who use Bitcoins purchase them by exchanging them for conventional currency. However, fraudsters have developed systems for quickly minting currency that have undermined it while other criminal enterprises have been quick to see the advantages of the system. In 2011, the US Senate called for Bitcoin to be investigated for its links to tax evasion and money-laundering. A statement from the foundation last week explained the problems Bitcoin had encountered, and how it would attempt to solve them. It said: As the Bitcoin economy has evolved, we have all noticed barriers to its widespread adoption [programmes] that attempt to undermine the network, hackers that threaten wallets, and an undeserved reputation stirred by ignorance and inaccurate reporting. Theres a lot to love [but] there are botnet operators, hackers, and Ponzischeme runners floating around our space, explained the companys chairman, Peter Vessenes. He also alluded to the fact that some governments are far from delighted with the prospect of an online alternative to state-issued currencies. We occasionally hear threatening statements from government representatives that dont seem to understand the law, much less how great Bitcoins are for the world.

A woman cleans up after an exhibition in the National Museum, which closes today Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

funding have since been eroded by the mutually antagonistic communities. The institutions were left in a legal vacuum and so it was unclear who should give them money, said Aksamija, a member of the editorial board of cultureshutdown.net, a website devoted to publicising the issue. The state of Bosnia-Herzegovina failed to transfer a single convertible mark [the Bosnian currency] into our account in 2011, while the federation terminated is nancial support in 2012, said Ismet Ovcina, the director of the National and University Library. The Vijecnica, the grand Moorishrevival building in which it was housed, is being rebuilt at a cost of 13m. But the library, which was rehoused in a former Austro-Hungarian army barracks, has managed to survive largely because of intermittent local authority handouts.

Its heating was turned o on 6 January. And after the electricity went on 26 September, Ovcina announced he was suing the state. We have no other choice, he said in a statement. Day-to-day power in Bosnia is exercised not by the state, but at the level of its so-called entities: one for the Serbs; the other a federation of often mutually suspicious Croats and Bosniaks (predominantly Muslims). The entity administrations have been keen to promote ethnically or religiously dened cultural bodies of their own. As a report commissioned by the Council of Europe noted: After the war the dierent cultural groups, who dene themselves as nations, have all wanted their own national cultural institutions with the Croats and Serbs asserting that the existing institutions, all of which are based in Sarajevo, increasingly represent Bosniaks.

On the contrary, said Aksamija, institutions like the National Museum were witness to the fact that cultural cross-fertilisation can work and be fruitful. She called the neglect of statelevel cultural institutions the continuation of a sort of silent war against multicultural values. According to cultureshutdown. net, the institutions at risk of closure, apart from the National and University Library, include Bosnias Historical Museum, its National Film Archive, the Museum of Literature and Theatre Arts and the National Library for the Blind and Partially Sighted Persons. Last year a conceptual artist, Damir Niksic, occupied the National Art Gallery in protest at its approaching closure. But, in general, the reaction to the gradual deterioration of Sarajevos cultural treasure houses has been one of indierence.

Biofuel production and land grab out of control Oxfam


John Vidal Environment editor
International land investors and biofuel producers have taken over land around the world that could feed nearly 1bn people. Analysis by Oxfam of several thousand land deals completed in the last decade shows that an area eight times the size of the UK has been left idle by speculators or is being used largely to grow biofuels for US or European vehicles. In a report, published today, Oxfam says the global land rush is out of control and urges the World Bank to freeze its investments in large-scale land acquisitions to send a strong signal to global investors to stop land grabs. More than 60% of investments in agricultural land by foreign investors between 2000 and 2010 were in developing countries with serious hunger problems. But two-thirds of those investors plan to export everything they produce on the land. Nearly 60% of the deals have been to grow crops that can be used for biofuels, says the report. Very few, if any, of these land investments benet local people or help to ght hunger, says Oxfam. Instead, the land is either being left idle, as speculators wait for its value to increase or it is predominantly used to grow crops for export. The bank has tripled its support for land projects to $6bn-$8bn (3.7bn-5bn) a year in the last decade, but no data is available on how much goes to acquisitions, or any links between its lending and conict. Since 2008, says Oxfam, 21 formal complaints have been brought by communities aected by World Bank investments, in which they claim that these have violated their land rights. Oxfams chief executive, Barbara Stocking, said: The rush for land is out of control and some of the worlds poorest people are suering hunger, violence and greater poverty as a result. The World Bank is in a unique position to help stop land grabs becoming one of the biggest scandals of the century. She added: Investment should be good news for developing countries not lead to greater hardship. According to the International Land Coalition, 106m hectares (261m acres) of land in developing countries were acquired by foreign investors between 2000 and 2010.

The fruits of jatropha produce a seed oil used as a diesel oil substitute

26

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012 Business editor: Julia Finch Tel: 020 3353 3795 Fax: 020 3353 3196 Email: nancial@guardian.co.uk Follow us at twitter.com/BusinessDesk

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$ Turning point for Tesco as prots fall by 1.1bn


SOURCE: INTERACTIVE DATA

Too early to tell if facelift is reviving supermarket Further setbacks in US, Korea and central Europe
Zoe Wood
Tesco has reported its rst fall in prots in 20 years after it was forced to invest heavily to revive its struggling UK chain and cracks emerged in its sprawling international empire. Its chief executive, Philip Clarke, said it was far too early to say whether the 1bn facelift announced for its UK supermarkets back in April was winning back shoppers: The signs are encouraging but the plan is a long course of treatment, not a single dose. The UK chain managed at like-for-likes in the second quarter, ending an 18-month losing streak. The performance of the domestic chain is crucial to the groups success as it generates two-thirds of group prots, but yesterday alarm bells sounded after Tesco warned that its profits were also being squeezed in South Korea, its second biggest market, and that US chain Fresh & Easy had failed to make any inroads into its losses. Overall group trading prot dropped 10.5% to 1.6bn in the six months to 25 August; within Britain, prots were down more than 12.4% at 1.1bn. The market was prepared for a decline in prots but this is a disappointing statement even in that context, said Seymour Pierce analyst Kate Calvert. She said the performance of Tesco Bank was the only positive. New laws in Korea mean Tesco can no longer trade its Homeplus stores round the clock and must close two Sundays a month a restriction that is expected to shave 100m off group profits this year. Problems also emerged in its previously reliable Central European division, where profits slumped by a fifth as the chill winds of the crisis in the eurozone reached consumers in Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary, who are cutting back spending on non-essential goods such as electricals and homewares. Speculation over the future of Fresh & Easy also intensied after it announced a worse than expected loss of 74m and slowed the rate of new store openings for a second time. Clarke insisted shareholders were more interested in the fate of the domestic operation: The real question from investors when I speak to them is about the UK. So many retailers who have gone global have given up their home market I will not allow that to happen and I could feel that it was in danger. After a poor Christmas, Tesco stunned investors in January when the company issued its first profit warning in more than 20 years, with Clarke citing the need to invest heavily in the UK chain where

A Fresh & Easy store in Los Angeles. Tescos US incursion has been troubled from the start and continues to make losses Photograph: David McNew/Getty

Not so easy in the US


Tescos US start-up Fresh & Easy should be given a deadline of another six months to prove itself after racking up a bigger than expected loss in the rst six months of the year. The grocer has ploughed more than 1bn into the ve-year-old chain which is yet to turn a prot and yesterday dramatically scaled back expansion plans to concentrate on making the 199 stores it already has protable. At present less than 30% of Fresh & Easy stores make a positive contribution and Tesco boss Philip Clarke indicated his dissatisfaction: We need more from Fresh & Easy. But added that if we can nd a way through the business potentially oered decades of value for shareholders. Ahead of the rst store openings in 2007 Tesco claimed to have spent thousands of hours researching US shopping habits. However, the original store interiors and product ranges have since been completely rejigged and more changes are in prospect including the introduction of staed checkouts. Panmure Gordon analyst Philip Dorgan said that if the US chain was closed or sold Tescos share price would rocket. This may not be the best long-term outcome, but if it is to remain part of the group, then we would expect to see very compelling evidence that this makes sense. We think that the deadline is the prelims in April. Zoe Wood

it had taken a little bit too much away from the shopper during years of pennypinching to boost prots. At the retailers annual results in April, Clarke eshed out plans for a 1bn programme to refurbish 430 stores and hire new store workers to improve customer service. More than half the stores have now been revamped and Clarke said he was encouraged by customers initial responses to the changes being made. But he added: Our rst target is to be performing in line with the [UK] industry in like-for-like terms. Clarke maintains that the UK grocery industry is at a crossroads, as the worlds of physical and online shopping collide. With that in mind he has cut the rate of new store space being opened this year by 40% and is trying to reinvent its largest Extra hypermarkets, which are increasingly obsolete as consumers either cut back spending or browse online. In some of the new-look stores it had

added bigger food and clothing ranges, but Clarke said it would consider downsizing some of the Extras, a push that could see space sublet to other retailers. It has already opened a branch of fast food chain Nandos in its Extra store in Wembley, north London, although Clarke was quick to add: Im not saying that was the answer. With the major grocers fighting for market share, Tesco had been accused by some analysts of buying customers with a campaign of money-o coupons. Clarke insisted the level of discounting was the same as a year ago, but they had used customer information gleaned from the Clubcard loyalty scheme to tailor oers to individual shoppers buying habits. Sainsburys yesterday reported likefor-like sales, excluding fuel, of 1.9% for its second quarter, though that gure was attered by extensions to its supermarkets that have generated more selling space.

No upturn till 2018, says IMF economist


Phillip Inman Economics correspondent
The International Monetary Funds chief economist has warned that the global economy will take a decade to recover from the financial crisis as the latest snapshot of the UK economy suggested that growth in the third quarter will be at best anaemic. Olivier Blanchard said he feared the eurozone crisis, debt problems in Japan and the US, and a slowdown in China meant that the world economy would not be in good shape until at least 2018. Its not yet a lost decade, he said. But it will surely take at least a decade from the beginning of the crisis for the world economy to get back to decent shape. Blanchard made his comments on a Hungarian website Portfolio.hu ahead of the IMF meeting next week in Tokyo. Germany is expected to defend its handling of Europes debt problems at the meeting, but Blanchard said there was more that Europes largest economy could do to support Spain and other struggling eurozone nations. In particular, he urged Berlin to accept a rise in ination and wages that would make it less competitive with its trading partners. He said there was no risk of hyperinflation in Europe. Higher inflation in Germany, though, would be benecial: a somewhat higher ination rate in Germany should simply be seen as a necesadding to gloomy surveys of the construction and manufacturing sectors earlier in the week. Markit, which compiles a monthly index based on gures from the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply, said it was now clear that the bounce back from the slump in the rst half of the year was weaker than expected and could result in the UK economy growing by just 0.1% in the third quarter. Hopes that the Queens diamond jubilee and the 9bn spent on the Olympics would lift sales over the longer term have largely been dashed as growth slows and the outlook, though robust with a growing order book, remains subdued. The Bank of Englands monetary policy committee, which began a two-day meeting yesterday, is today expected to keep interest rates at 0.5% and maintain the stock of bonds in its quantitative easing programme at 375bn. Most economists believe it is possible the lacklustre gures will persuade the MPC to add a further 50bn at its November meeting when the rst estimate of the third quarter gures is available.

News Corp shareholders turn up the heat on Rupert Murdoch


Dominic Rushe New York
Shareholders have stepped up their campaign to oust Rupert Murdoch as News Corp chairman in advance of the media rms annual meeting this month. Yesterday Hermes, a UK fund manager that controls 24.8bn assets, joined an action launched by dissident shareholders seeking to oust the companys founder in the wake of the hacking scandal. Glass Lewis, one of the largest shareholder advisory groups, has also recommended its clients vote for the appointment of an independent chair. This is the second year that major shareholders have rounded on Murdoch and his board. Hans Hirt, global head of corporate engagement at Hermes Equity Ownership Services, said: While we acknowledge the recent board changes made by the company, News Corp has still not suciently addressed the significant shareholder concerns about its board structure and corporate culture highlighted at last years annual meeting. The time is right for the company to appoint an independent chair in order to rebuild trust, and ensure that the interests of all investors are more properly represented. The resolution will be voted on at the companys annual meeting in Los Angeles on 16 October. Ian Greenwood, chairman of the Local Authority Pension Fund Forum, said: Whilst we recognise the eorts the company has made to clear up the mess left by the hacking scandal, we continue to believe that News Corp and its shareholders would benet from the appointment of an independent chair. The clear sense we are getting is that major News Corp shareholders agree with our analysis and share our desire for the company to commit to meaningful reform. A similar vote last year was defeated. Murdoch and his family own about 12% of the media giant but control 40% of the vote because of News Corps dual class share structure.

0.1

The slump in the rst half of the year could mean the UK economy will only grow by this amount in the third quarter

sary and desirable relative price adjustment, he said. Blanchards comments came as gures from Markit showed that the UKs important services sector grew in August but slipped back by September as the Olympics factor waned. According to industry figures from Markit the services activity index dropped from 53.7 to 52.2 and employment fell,

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

27

Financial

Business analysis Will FT be a target for the trophy hunters?

In the pink
Education is now key for Pearson, so what next for the paper, asks Nils Pratley
At her rst big press conference in 1997 Pearsons chief executive made a silly promise. Marjorie Scardino said the companys new goal was to achieve double-digit growth in earnings per share every year and to double the share price within ve years. I think we can do it and I think our shareholders should demand that we do it, she declared. Briey, in the dotcom madness that inated the value of every media stock, the pledge was fulled indeed, surpassed. The share price tripled from Scardinos starting point. Then the reality dawned that FT.com was swallowing an awful lot of cash; worse, Scardino was seen as having overpaid in her refashioning of the conglomerate. The march deeper into education in the US had come at a pretty price and delivered mundane initial returns. By 2002 the share price was lower than when she had started. Few would have bet on her surviving another decade at the helm. It took several more years for those education investments to come good

Up-to-the-minute news and expert analysis on our business, economics and markets blogs at guardian.co.uk/business

and for a Scardino-led Pearson to be recognised as a success. Scardinos nal statistics (or statistics with three months to go) look like this: share price up 88% and total shareholder return (share price plus dividends) of 217%. Its a long way short of the excitement imagined in 1997 but a lot has happened in that time. Pearsons TSR performance trumps the 137% for the FTSE 100 index in the same period and puts the miserable 59% for UK media stocks to shame. There are probably two morals there. First, chief executives should never promise a specic share price. Second, even when they do, theyre worth keeping if the strategy and the culture is right, as they clearly are at Pearson. Scardinos more remembered remark is the one about how the Financial Times would be sold only over my dead body. That was in 2002 and probably did have the desired eect of giving the hacks at the pink un a greater sense of security. But she has also been clear that owning the FT opened doors in places where Pearson would receive a shrug of non-recognition the Chinese education ministry, for example. Arguably, though, that benet is not as necessary as it was. When youre the worlds leading education company, which is how Pearson

styles itself, maybe you no longer have to use the FT as a calling card. John Fallon, Scardinos successor, did not put his body on the line yesterday, preferring to describe the FT as a highly valued and very valuable part of Pearson. If you were a rich and ambitious company or individual in search of a trophy asset Bloomberg, say, or a member of the wealthy Qatari dynasty you might want to test what he means.

Tesco turmoil
The news doesnt look great for shareholders, particularly the huge losses in the US at Fresh & Easy
It was always going to be a bad year for Tesco. But six months in, its starting to look horrible. The South Koreans have changed shopping hours, removing 100m from group prots at a stroke. China is seeing weakening consumer demand. Prots in continental Europe were down by a quarter in the rst half as austerity bites. Fresh & Easy in the US clocked up another thumping loss of 74m. And in the middle of it all sits the UK chain, being hosed with more sta, store revamps and money-o coupons at a cost this year of 1bn. Is there any

good news for shareholders within Tescos rst prots decline for 20 years? Chief executive Phil Clarke pointed to a nudge in the sales dial in the UK on a like-for-like basis, excluding petrol and VAT, this improved by the grand total of 0.1% in the second quarter. OK, a positive gure of any size counts as an improvement on the minus 1.5% seen in the rst quarter. But one must remember what theyre being compared with. Last years second quarter was a shocker for Tesco in the UK, so stabilisation against that counts as a heavily qualied triumph. A clearer picture wont emerge for at least six months, especially as it is impossible to tell how many punters are shopping at Tesco only because theyre being bribed with coupons. If Tesco is truly in revival mode, youd expect to see some slowing in Sainsburys progress. But Sainsburys continues to trot along merrily, recording a 1.9% rise in quarterly like-for-like sales. In the meantime, Clarke seems determined to torture his shareholders with uncertainty over Fresh & Easy. Sooner or later, hell have to decide whether to stay in the US or ee. Sooner meaning no more than a year would be better.

Pearson boss Scardino to quit but not retire


Pioneer FTSE 100 chief bows out after 16 years Change of management sparks speculation at FT
Mark Sweney
Dame Marjorie Scardino, the first and longest serving female chief executive of a FTSE 100 company, is to step down from the Financial Times and Penguin owner Pearson after 16 years. Scardino, 65, will be succeeded on 1 January 2013 by a relatively unknown internal candidate, John Fallon, who is chief executive of Pearsons international education business. Her early years with Pearson were marked by a rapid and radical overhaul of the conglomerate, selling o interests in businesses including the investment bank Lazard, the Tussauds Group waxworks company, stakes in Channel 5 and BSkyB, and an ill-fated investments software company, Mindscape. Texan-born Scardino chose to focus Pearson on a global expansion of its education business while at the same time remaining faithful to Penguin books and the Financial Times, of which she famously said in 2002 that they would be sold over my dead body. Her successor, Fallon, 50, refused repeat her commitment in such life or death terms when pressed by journalists yesterday. Instead, he expressed his commitment to them by saying: I would see Penguin and the FT as valued and valuable businesses in their own right I dont want to get into that and you shouldnt read anything into that. Scardino oered her own form of support to Fallon, by adding that her famous comment about the FT was designed to reassure a lot of nervous people who needed it at that point. Insiders at the newspaper said yesterday that there was no particular anxiety about what the change of management would mean for the title. Nevertheless, it provoked a flurry of speculation among analysts about the potential market value of the publishing assets. FT Group has been valued at between 750m and up to 1bn as a trophy asset, while Penguin which publishes the TV chef Jamie Oliver could be worth 650m. Explaining her decision to go, Scardino said: I felt like it was time. She added: Time for me and time for the company. There are lots of opportunities [for Pearson], it is very exciting but they require very long term plans. I thought it was a good time for a new chapter at Pearson. John was the right choice for the job. During Scardinos tenure Pearsons sales have tripled to 6bn, prots have more than trebled to 1bn and Pearsons market capitalisation has jumped from $4bn to $10bn. She took the reins of a venerable British business and made it Anglo-American and then into a global company, a digital company, said Pearsons chairman, Glen Moreno. Scardino insisted that she wasnt ready to stop working. Im not retiring, thats what old people do, its what you do after

First of not so many


Dame Marjorie Scardino became the rst female chief executive of a FTSE 100 company when she took the helm at Pearson in 1997. Hopes that she would blaze a trail have been crushed, however there have never been more than ve women FTSE 100 chief executives at any one time. Currently, there are four: Burberry boss Angela Ahrendts, who took the reins at the fashion group in 2006; Cynthia Carroll [pictured below], who has run the mining company Anglo American since early 2007; and Alison Cooper, chief executive of Imperial Tobacco since 2010. The other women who have made it to the top are Dorothy Thompson, whose Drax Group has been in the FTSE 100 twice during her seven-year tenure; and Katherine Garrett-Cox, who ran investment manager Alliance Trust when it was in the index for three years before dropping out in March 2011. Opinion is divided over whether quotas should be introduced, as in Scandinavia, to boost the number of women in top positions. Helena Morrissey, who runs Newton Investment Management and founded the 30% Club, has described quotas as demeaning to women as they suggest they cannot get there on merit. Morrissey believes that womens lack of condence and company culture are to blame for the lack of female executives. Research has found that women compete much better when they are in two-person teams. A recent report by Deloitte said that while more companies are appointing women to their boards women claimed one in 10 executive boardroom appointments over the past year most join in non-executive positions rather than taking executive roles. Women now account for 17.5% of FTSE 100 board positions, according to the 30% Club. This is below the 25% target set by Lord Davies, who led an inquiry into the male dominance of UK boardrooms, but more than double the 1999 gure. Julia Kollewe Marjorie Scardino led Pearson for 16 years and oversaw a radical overhaul, focusing on a global expansion of its education business Photograph: Alan Davidson/The Picture Library dinner, she said. She said that she probably wouldnt take on another chief executive position, but might consider some form of full-time role, and intended to continue to live in Britain. John Ridding, the chief executive of the Financial Times, sent an email to all sta yesterday to reassure them about the future, describing Fallon as a big fan of FT journalism. Blackpool-born Fallon admitted in his rst meeting with journalists that he is not a big reader of the weekday print edition of the FT sometimes on a plane, or in a hotel but that he is a fan of the FT Weekend. To be honest, every day I read it on the iPad, he said, although he said that the end of the print edition was some years away. In some markets print sales are at a record. Fallon is the son of a schoolteacher. He joined Pearson as director of communications the year Scardino was appointed chief executive, and is widely considered to have been a surprise choice. He will not receive the same level of pay as Scardino, who took home 9.6m in cash and share awards last year, making her Britains highest paid woman director of a FTSE 100 company. Fallons pay will be set in January, with Moreno joking that it aint likely that he will receive a basic salary anywhere near Scardinos almost 1m. It wont be banker-like, he said.

Nuclear plans at risk as French and Chinese rms pull out


Terry Macalister Adam Vaughan
The governments nuclear energy plans were in trouble last night as Chinese investors withdrew interest in two projects and local councils postponed a decision on storing atomic waste. Areva, the French nuclear engineering group, confirmed yesterday that it had pulled out of the running to buy a stake in Horizon Nuclear Power, the enterprise planning to construct new reactors at Wylfa in Wales and Oldbury in Gloucestershire. Areva said its partner, the stateowned China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group (CGNPC), had also shelved its bid. Areva and CGNPC have suspended their interest in the planned sale of Horizon Nuclear Power and did not submit a bid, an Areva spokeswoman said, adding that the company was committed to new nuclear in the UK through other avenues. This is a blow for the government because Areva is at an advanced stage in getting regulatory approval for the design of its European pressurised reactor (EPR), while the Chinese are considered to have the deepest pockets. Two other bidders, one involving USbased engineering group Westinghouse and the other led by Hitachi of Japan, are still in the running to take a stake in Horizon although Westinghouses backer, China National Nuclear Power Corporation, is also understood to have withdrawn from the consortium. The Chinese could not get the commitments they were looking for from the British government, said one source with contacts in the Beijing nuclear industry, adding that the problem was about technology rather than political issues. Some British MPs and commentators had raised questions about the wisdom of allowing Chinese state rms access to sensitive UK energy systems. There have also been reports that Iberdrola, the Spanish group that owns Scottish Power, is considering dropping out of a separate bid to build a new nuclear plant near Sellaeld in Cumbria, while Frances EDF was said to be struggling to complete work on a generic design assessment it needs in order to proceed with building a new atomic power station in collaboration with Areva at Hinkley Point in Somerset. The Oce of Nuclear Regulation has been concentrating on a generic design assessment of EDF and Arevas EPR facility but industry specialists said the process was unlikely to be completed by the end of November as planned in order for a nal investment decision on Hinkley to be made by the end of the year. EDF insisted everything was on track. Meanwhile, the governments hopes of proceeding with much delayed plans for a high-level waste repository in the one area of Britain that has shown any appetite for such a scheme were also set back. Three councils, Cumbria county and Allerdale and Copeland districts, this week delayed a decision on new nuclear waste sites due in October until January.

Im not retiring, thats what old people do I thought it was a good time for a new chapter
Dame Marjorie Scardino

28

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Financial
Pay
until 2021 and cost the average worker around 8,500. The loss of income will be even worse for families receiving vital tax credits. Ordinary workers did not benet enough from the proceeds of growth in the runup to the crash as prots were hoarded by shareholders and top executives. A return to business as usual will simply postpone the next living standards crisis. It is clear that austerity isnt working. We need a new economic approach that delivers for all workers and their families. PA

A rich seam Stellas prots soar

Eurozone

Workers 1,600 a year worse o, says TUC


Workers are on average 1,600 a year worse o than three years ago because the dire state of the economy has pushed down wages, according to a new study. The TUC said losses would continue to mount in the coming years, predicting that real-terms wage losses would reach an average of 8,500. The research, which tracks wage and ination data between 2009 and 2012, as well as forecasts from the Oce for Budget Responsibility from 2012 onwards, says that workers are just a quarter of the way through the UKs 12-year wage dive. Incomes have fallen sharply in real terms over the past three years as wages have failed to keep up with the rising cost of living, said the report. The TUC general secretary, Brendan Barber, said: Even when wages start to pick up again, it will take years to undo the damage wreaked by austerity and high ination. Unless things change, the UKs 12-year wage dive will continue

Big tax rises at critical moment for Portugal


Portugal yesterday set out sweeping tax rises to meet conditions for it to receive its international bailout cash, to oset falling revenues caused by a continuing recession that is set to push unemployment to further record highs. The countrys worst recession since the 1970s could deepen further if the tax rises further undermine consumer condence. There is also a danger that raising taxes could spark more opposition to austerity measures that have already included salary cuts and spending cuts. We are confronting a critical moment, nance minister Vtor Gaspar said as he detailed the tax rises, which the government came up with after it abandoned a previous tax plan in the face of mass protests. Portugals largest union responded to the new measures by calling a general strike for 14 November. Reuters

South Africa

Wildcat miners strikes spread to iron ore rm


Wildcat miners strikes in South Africa spread to the iron ore sector yesterday and hit another gold rm, in an escalation of the labour unrest that is testing President Jacob Zumas leadership. The industrial action, involving 300 workers at Kumba Iron Ores mine at Sishen in Northern Cape, further dented investor condence in the continents wealthiest economy as it showed protests had moved beyond platinum and gold mines. Kumba is part of the London-listed company Anglo American. Workers at the Kusasalethu gold mine near Johannesburg, operated by South Africas No. 3 bullion producer Harmony Gold, also downed tools in what management called an unlawful action launched outside the normal collective wage bargaining channels. Zuma is under re for failing to address and contain a series of protests by workers demanding higher wages, which in August led to the killing by police of 34 strikers at the Marikana platinum mine run by Lonmin. The Marikana massacre jogged painful memories of apartheid-era killings by the security forces, and it has kindled heated debate over glaring wealth inequalities persisting in South Africa since the end of white minority rule in 1994. Reuters Johannesburg

Telecoms

Whistleblower sacked over BT broadband leak


A whistleblower at the Department for Culture Media and Sport has been sacked for sharing condential information that suggests BT is inating its charges for building Britains rural broadband network. Ministers have been accused of eectively giving BT a 1bn public subsidy. Mike Kiely, a consultant to the departments broadband development UK project since 2010, was dismissed after information he sent to councils to help them get better value for money was leaked to the Brokentelephone blog. Margaret Hodge, the chair of the public accounts committee, has asked for an investigation. The department refused to comment. BT denied it was inating charges. Juliette Garside

Olympic kit designer Stella McCartney has taken gold after enjoying her labels most successful year since its 2001 launch. The latest accounts show McCartney collected 3.29m last year in dividend, remuneration and pension payments, as prots for her label soared 16% to 3.29m on turnover up 19% to 21m.

The creator of Team GBs ocial sportswear shared a 3m dividend with luxury goods giant Gucci Group, which holds a 50% share in her eponymous label, and received 1.84m in pay and pension contributions. The company made its rst prot in 2006 and paid its rst dividend, totalling 2m, in 2010. Photograph: Eric Ryan/Getty

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

29

Financial

BAE/EADS merger will create company beyond law


European partner scores badly in corruption index Call for independent board to avoid bribery risk
Richard Norton-Taylor
A merger of BAE Systems and EADS could produce an arms company so big it would operate beyond the reach of the law, the author of a report on corruption in the defence industry warns today. This will be a huge defence company in Europe and there will be a concern that it will be above prosecution, almost like the banks, said Mark Pyman, director of the defence and security programme at Transparency International UK. He said that if the planned 30bn merger went ahead, the company should set up an independent board to ensure it did not indulge in bribery and corruption. The warning adds another potential obstacle to the deal, which has already run into political headwinds as governments from Berlin to Washington argue about how and where the new company would be run. The British, German and French governments all have stakes in the companies merger and the US administration is the biggest customer of BAE. Pyman was speaking prior to the launch of an unprecedented study looking at defence companies around the world and their attitudes towards corruption. Transparency Internationals rst anticorruption index shows that British and US rms have responded to past scandals by adopting a much more rigorous approach towards corruption than continental European rms, including EADS. There were signicant dierences between BAE and EADS in their approaches to transparency and disclosure, Pyman said. BAE came up at the top of band B in the index, while EADS only made band C. Neither EADS nor any French defence company agreed to supply internal company information to the compilers of the study. If the merger goes ahead it is really important that the combined companies have anti-corruption systems at least equal to BAEs, and which really should be in band A, Pyman said. He spoke of BAEs slush fund for secret payments to Saudi dignitaries in a contract initiated in the 1980s (which was exposed by the Guardian), the payments to foreign governments by the US company Lockheed Martin in the 1970s, and a reputation for zero tolerance to corruption a corruption scandal can wipe away decades spent building a reputation. The 10 British rms in the TI index are Babcock International Group, BAE Systems, Chemring Group, Cobham, GKN, Meggitt, QinetiQ Group, Rolls-Royce, Serco Group, and Ultra Electronics Holdings. BAE scored high band B ratings for its public information on corruption and ethics (on websites, for example) and for its internal information, the facts a rm might tell its sta about good practices. EADS, which is registered in the Netherlands, scored a low band C rating, and it declined to provide internal information in condence to the TI study team. France, which has a significant stake in EADS, fares particularly badly. The report says: There is a strong need for French defence companies to be much more transparent in disclosing what they have in place by way of ethics and compliance systems. An EADS spokesperson said last night: We are committed to full compliance with the highest standards of integrity and transparency. We work continuously to cooperate with initiatives to raise those standards. The Association of French Aerospace Industries advised French defence companies to decline to provide TI with any internal information. It means that we are unable to provide any insight into whether these companies do have good internal systems, the report says. On the basis of available public information, the company Thales comes out relatively well, with a band B rating, but Dassault, manufacturer of Rafale aircraft, comes o badly, with a band E score.The TI report says it is surprising so few defence rms take corruption seriously since most countries must comply with international anti-corruption laws, such as the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the recent UK Bribery Act, which have extraterritorial reach. Full data at guardian.co.uk/data

A French Air Force Rafale jet ghter. Manufacturer Dassault scored badly in the survey Photograph: Franois Mori/AP

Fraud probe
The Serious Fraud Oce is conducting a criminal investigation into a British subsidiary of EADS called GPT Special Project Management. The investigation is centred on payments and gifts allegedly given to Saudi generals. The GPT sells communications equipment to the Saudi National Guard via a government-to-government programme. The management of the 2bn project, called Sangcom, has been monitored by an MoD team headed by a British general. Saudi payments to GPT go through an MoD bank account. Ian Foxley, a former colonel in the British army who blew the whistle on the project, has given detailed evidence to the SFO. He told the Guardian that fraud investigators should not be allowed to distinguish between individuals allegedly involved in wrongdoing and the company for which they worked. Richard Norton-Taylor

the 2003 bribery scandal involving Boeing employees over a contract for a new US air force tanker aircraft. It is clear that scandals have had an immense eect on changing a companys behaviour. The TI study concludes that two-thirds of the worlds biggest defence rms do not provide enough public evidence on how they ght corruption. It states: Defence corruption threatens everyone taxpayers, soldiers, governments, companies. With huge contracts and high secrecy in the defence sector there are numerous

opportunities to hide corruption away from public scrutiny. A company website is the best place for a company to tell the world exactly how it ghts corruption. Pyman said: Corruption in defence is dangerous, divisive, wasteful. The cost is paid by everyone. Governments and taxpayers do not get value for their money and clean companies lose business to corrupt [ones]. Money wasted on defence corruption could be better spent. Lord Robertson, a former Nato secretary general, said: Companies must have

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012 Obituaries desk Email: obituaries@guardian.co.uk other.lives@guardian.co.uk Twitter: @guardianobits

Obituaries

Maurice Keen
Medieval historian who pioneered a radical reassessment of knightly values
ntil the second world war, most British medieval historians avoided cultural history, remaining more concerned with the church, government or the law; institutions and politics. Except for the literate pious, what might have made medieval people tick was treated as self-evident, immaterial or unknowable. In the subsequent revolution of approaches, Maurice Keen, who has died aged 78, played a seminal role, even if his unshakable modesty would probably have denied it. His major book, Chivalry (1984), which won the Wolfson prize that year, remains one of the great works of history in English of the past 70 years, comparable with such landmarks as his old tutor Richard Southerns The Making of the Middle Ages, or Peter Browns The World of Late Antiquity. After Chivalry, no one could look at Keens subject, the knightly life, unaected by his comprehensive and nuanced exposition of the nature and signicance of the culture of those who ruled western Europe for half a millennium. Keen demonstrated that chivalry existed as a serious feature of medieval politics, religion, nobility and society, not an exotic distraction. Using a vast array of literary, visual, legal, academic and archival evidence, he dismantled the then prevalent view associated with the Dutch cultural historian Johan Huizinga that chivalry was a decadent expression of the waning of the middle ages. In studies produced over 40 years, he revealed the practical importance of chivalric ideals and institutions such as tournaments, dubbing, orders of chivalry and heraldry. His analytical ear was pitch-perfect in dening chivalrys implications as tonal rather than precise. Such subtlety was evident in his doctoral thesis, supervised by the redoubtable Bruce McFarlane, published as The Laws of War in the Late Middle Ages (1965), a virtuoso piece of mature scholarship that demonstrated how the law of arms, while reecting the international freemasonry of chivalry, was actively employed in regulating

Keen, below, traced how the medieval warrior knight transmogried into the aristocratic gentleman Albrecht Drer/Alamy

how wars were fought, a legacy that fed subsequent theories of international law. Connecting the medieval past with later social developments remained a notable aspect of Keens work, as in his last important work, The Origins of the English Gentleman (2002), which delicately traced how, between 1300 and 1500, the warrior knight transmogried into the aristocratic gentleman. In studying the prevalent relationship between religion, war and the warrior ethos, Keen unravelled with enormous subtlety the layers of clerical and religious inuence on a mode of living that he argued was essentially a secular code of honour derived from military practices. He admitted to having been drawn to his subject by a childish

fascination with knights in shining armour and his empathy with them led some critics to argue that he turned a blind eye to their darker aspects. In fact, Keens work shows acute awareness of the fragility of conventions, of the evolution of cultural norms and of human weakness. He did not seek to construct an apologia. In pioneering a radical reassessment of knightly values, Keen brought to bear his early enthusiasm for knightly literature, which found precocious expression in his rst book, The Outlaws of Medieval England (1961). Many of his sharper insights were derived from subjecting a literary stereotype, such as brothers-in-arms or Chaucers Knight, to forensic examination by archival

sources. Increasingly, he incorporated a sensitive exploitation of visual culture, not then as obvious a resource of historical evidence as it is today. Beside his work on chivalry, Keen also produced three general works, A History of Medieval Europe (1968), England in the Later Middle Ages (1973), and English Society in the Later Middle Ages (1990), which revealed his range and ability at lucid historical synthesis. Yet his outstanding scholarly distinction, recognised by the Royal Historical Societys Alexander prize medal in 1961 and his election to fellowships of the Society of Antiquaries (1987) and the British Academy (1990), formed only part of a deeply fullled academic life. Born in London, Keen came from Anglo-Irish stock. His father was Keeper of the University Chest at Oxford and a fellow of Balliol College, his mother a talented painter. He attended Winchester college, where the headteacher, Walter Oakeshott, turned his thoughts seriously to medieval knights. His national service was spent in the Royal Ulster Fusiliers before he went to Balliol in 1954. A stellar undergraduate career was capped with a rst in 1957 and a junior research fellowship at the Queens College (1957-61) before he returned to Balliol, succeeding Southern as fellow and tutor in medieval history (1961-2000). Keen became a legendary tutor, one of the few to be portrayed in his own guise in popular ction, the semi-collapsed upholstery of his room and a tutorial on Jan Hus appearing in Frederick Forsyths The Negotiator (1989). Keen enjoyed the company of young people, upon whom he expended seemingly limitless reserves of sympathy, patience and friendship. He did not regard research and teaching as hostile competitors. In 2004 he was appointed OBE. In many ways he shared the values of the knights he studied loyalty, duty, service, generosity and showed these were by no means redundant. Possessed of indelible charm, with an advanced sense of and capacity for enjoyment and fun, Keen was also a private man, most content exploring the ways of sh in quiet streams and enjoying his family, the centre of his happiness. In 1968 he married Mary Keegan. She and their three daughters survive him. Christopher Tyerman Maurice Hugh Keen, medieval historian, born 30 October 1933; died 11 September 2012

Birthdays
Prof Richard Batchelor, immunologist, 81; Gemma Bodinetz, artistic director, Liverpool Everyman and Playhouse theatres, 46; Prof Colin Bundy, historian of southern Africa, former principal, Green Templeton College, Oxford, 68; Rehman Chishti, Conservative MP, 34; Jackie Collins, author, 75; Sir Terence Conran, designer, restaurateur and writer, 81; Peter Florence, founder and director, Hay festival, 48; Michael Geoghegan, banker, former group chief executive, HSBC, 59; Lesley Glaister, writer, 56; Eddie Gomez, jazz bassist, 68; Frank Keating, sports journalist, 75; Sarah Lancashire, actor, 48; Chris Lowe, pop singer and musician, 53; Lord (John) McFall of Alcluith, former Labour MP and chairman, treasury select committee, 68; Tony Meo, snooker player, 53; Yvonne Murray, athlete, 48; Gavin Pritchard-Gordon, racehorse trainer and former chairman, British Bloodstock Marketing, 67; Lord (Giles) Radice, former Labour MP, 76; Anne Rice, author, 71; Anneka Rice, broadcaster, 54; Tom Rosick, footballer, 32; John Rutherford, rugby coach, 57; Susan Sarandon, actor, 66; Jim Sillars, former Scot Nat MP, 75; Sir James Spicer, former Conservative MP, 87; Miles Templeman, former director general, Institute of Directors, 65; Ann Thwaite, biographer, 80; Prof Peter Weissberg, medical director, British Heart Foundation, 61; Ann Widdecombe, broadcaster, novelist and former Conservative politician, 65.

Big Jim Sullivan


Session guitarist with more than 50 chart toppers to his name

Letter Crispin Aubrey


in 1975. In between came hits by Dusty Springeld (You Dont Have to Say You Love Me), Tom Jones (Green, Green Grass of Home), Engelbert Humperdinck (The Last Waltz), Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg (Je Taime Moi Non Plus) and even Benny Hill (Ernie). For more than a decade, Sullivan played three three-hour sessions a day at studios in London. He claimed he didnt have a Christmas at home for 10 years and calculated that about 1,000 tracks on which he played had entered the British charts. Between 1969 and 1974, Sullivan combined session work with membership of Tom Joness band, playing in Las Vegas and featuring in Joness popular ITV series. When he left Jones, session work was less plentiful and Sullivan formed a record company, Retreat, with the producer Derek Lawrence. He recorded some solo albums, including two on which he played the sitar, and a vocal eort that was, he said, the greatest embarrassment of my life. More enjoyable were three albums with the group Tiger and a brief spell as producer of the American rock band Angel. After this, Sullivan took a well-paid job with the James Last Orchestra, which lasted from 1978 to 1987. He subsequently retired from touring, instead playing local gigs in small venues near his home in Billingshurst, West Sussex. A few years ago his state of health forced him to give up performing live. He is survived by his wife, Norma, children and grandchildren. Dave Laing Big Jim Sullivan (James George Tomkins), guitarist, born 11 February 1941; died 2 October 2012 Stuart Booth writes: The obituary of Crispin Aubrey (3 October) reminded me of the ABC campaign backed by the National Union of Journalists in 1977-78, and the embargo on revealing the name of Colonel B. I was a delegate to the unions conference at a hotel in Whitley Bay, Tyne and Wear. The late Ron Knowles, editor of its newspaper the Journalist, greeted me by asking: Have you read the beach this morning? He nodded out of the dining room window towards the seafront. Intrigued, I wandered across the road from the hotel to the prom. Inscribed on the tide-cleansed sands of Whitley Bay was the law-breaking announcement: His name is JOHNSTONE. Rons revelation remained there until the North Sea once again covered the beach. That really was press freedom.

guardian.co.uk

Reread our obituaries of Eric Hobsbawm, Malcolm Wicks, Andy Williams and Herbert Lom
guardian.co.uk/obituaries

he sound of British pop music in the 1960s was largely the creation of unsung recordingsession musicians who accompanied the solo singers of the era and were frequently enlisted to improve the eorts of well-known pop groups. The principal guitarists of this elite team were Jimmy Page (later of Led Zeppelin) and Big Jim Sullivan, who has died aged 71 of complications from heart disease and diabetes. Sullivan played on more than 50 British No 1 hits and toured and appeared on television with Tom Jones in the early 1970s. Sullivan was born Jim Tomkins in Uxbridge, west London, attending a local secondary modern school and taking up the guitar at 14. He gravitated towards the Soho haunts of skie and rocknroll, and in 1958 joined Marty Wildes backing group, the Wildcats. Wilde presented him with a Gibson guitar he had bought from the American gospel star Sister Rosetta Tharpe. A year later, Sullivan replaced this with a 300 cherry-red Gibson 345 stereo model sold to him by the guitarist Ivor Mairants. In 1960, Sullivan and fellow guitarist Joe Brown joined the British tour of the American rock stars Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent. Although the tour ended in tragedy when Cochran was killed in a car crash, the young British players

had by then learned the secrets of the authentic rocknroll style from him, including how to restring their guitars to achieve the Cochran sound. This was to stand Sullivan in good stead when he was introduced to the session world by Jack Good, producer of the Oh Boy! television show, on which Wilde and his group were frequent guests. Sullivan was a pioneer of guitar technologies such as the wah-wah pedal, the fuzzbox and the talkbox, and later recalled that the older generation of musicians, schooled in the style of the dance bands, called him the Electric Monster, because I made the guitar scream and groan when I bent and pulled the strings. An example was the sound he created for Dave Berrys 1964 No 1 hit The Crying Game. The other chart-topping records with which Sullivan was associated ranged from Frankie Vaughans Tower of Strength in 1961 to January by Pilot

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Reviews Reviews

Tricks of the trade Critic Lyn Gardner on how to write a theatre review guardian.co.uk/stage

Make tea, plot murder ancient Greece comes to Middle England


Theatre
Medea Citizens, Glasgow
She enters in socks, tracksuit bottoms and faded grey T-shirt. Her blood-red hair is a shade away from the glossy surfaces of her tted kitchen. Her son has just been dropped o by one of the neighbours. None of this ts the archetypal image of Medea, which is what makes Mike Bartletts version of the Euripides classic initially so arresting. Behind the photorealist facade of Ruari Murchisons suburban set, we nd not a spurned wife in Corinth, but a single mum living in a new-build residential street just beyond the London commuter belt. This Medea, played by Rachael Stirling with a take-no-prisoners wit, lives in a world of Richard Curtis movies and Wii Fit games. Deant and more than a little deranged, she runs rings around her prim, middleclass neighbours (strong turns from Lu Coreld and Amelia Lowdell), as she denies them the security of polite conversation. She can switch in an instant from making a cup of tea to listing the ways shed like her estranged husband to die. The contrast is shocking and funny. This Medea is too big for a place like this, her passions too intense, her intelligence too vicious, and in Bartletts own production, there are an unexpected number of laughs. Those laughs can quickly turn to distress, however, as Stirling reveals Medea to be a woman suering severe emotional trauma. She denies being mentally ill, but its hard to know how else to interpret the behaviour of someone who locks herself in her room, plunges her hand into a pan of boiling water and takes a knife to her only child. As writer, Bartlett doesnt just transfer Euripides to the modern world he exposes him to the full weight of postFreudian psychology. Despite all this illumination, however, the 2,000-year leap from ancient Greece to gossipy middle England comes at a price. It isnt only Medea who is conned and reduced by these circumstances. The play itself seems to get smaller. Instead of a conquering hero, Adam Levys Jason is nice but dull in a business suit. His complaints about Medeas behaviour are perfectly reasonable; in these 21st-century terms, she is being over the top and hes right to protest. At such moments, the play becomes a soap-opera episode about a woman reacting badly to a messy divorce, her fate seeming to be more private misfortune than archetypal tragedy. Mark Fisher Until 13 October (0141429 0022). Then touring until 1 December.

31

Theatre
Tanika's Journey Southwark Playhouse, London
Designer Simon Daw transforms the space into an enchanting, Narnia-style winter wonderland, but there is nothing magical about the Ukrainian forest where a deaf Tamil refugee, Tanika, falls to the snow-covered ground, exhausted by her long trek. Fleeing the violence of Sri Lanka, terried about what will happen next, Tanika must choose between the dangers ahead or almost certain death amid the frozen birch trees. Sometimes baing but never boring, this bold and visually stunning production created by the deaf-led company Deanitely Theatre takes us inside the exhausted Tanikas mind, where reality and hallucination, past and future merge into one. The warm ochres and burnt orange of family life in Sri Lanka are contrasted with the icy blankness of the present; the warmth of her relationship with her former signlanguage teacher is counterpoised with her isolation in the desolate forest. Played out using a mix of mime, sign language and speech plus a jaunty musical soundtrack the piece sometimes feels like a silent movie version of a dark fairytale, and at others like a Marcel Marceau-inspired comedy. I wasnt always entirely sure what was happening, but even when, like Tanika, you nd yourself lost, you soon reach the path again. Deanitely Theatre scored a hit earlier this year with its British sign-language version of Loves Labours Lost, part of the Globe to Globe season, and this show is another demonstration of the companys ambitions. Paula Gareld is a director of genuine air, but here the devising process has resulted in a piece that often feels quite static, both emotionally and dramaturgically, and which allows the energy to drain away. The scenes in the forest are atmospheric but lack tension. But its a moving evening nonetheless, and Nadia Nadarajah is beguiling as the desperate Tanika a tiny gure battling the silence and the elements. Lyn Gardner Until 20 October. Box oce: 020-7407 0234.

Frankly, Medea Adam Levy and Rachael Stirling update Euripides to the modern-day suburbs Photograph: Manuel Harlan

Classical
OAE/Norrington/Antonacci Royal Festival Hall, London
Queens, Heroines and Ladykillers is the eye-catching title for a series of concerts in the current Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment season that deal with the presentation of women in baroque and classical opera. Sarah Connolly, Emma Bell and Stphanie dOustrac are among the singers scheduled to appear in it over the next year. But we opened with Anna Caterina Antonacci portraying a series of tragic heroines from works by Cherubini, Gluck and Berlioz in the wider context of an examination by Roger Norrington of the

neo-classical strain in music written for performance in France. A great artist, Antonacci has the ability to immerse herself completely in whatever she sings, so that even in extracts we are acutely conscious of an absolute totality of characterisation. In Medeas rst-act aria from Cherubinis opera, we sensed that the hurt, rage and innite capacity for manipulation were part of an ongoing psychological development, rooted in a terrible past as well as presaging a violent future. The lament from Glucks Iphignie en Tauride, sometimes seen as consolatory, was a harrowing expression of grief, while Didos Je Vais Mourir from Berliozs Les Troyens was minutely detailed in its progress from fury to uncontrollable despair. In sharp contrast, her encore was the Chanson Bohme from Bizets Carmen, done with great erotic wit and a smile in the tone. The arias were interwoven with dances from the Paris version of Glucks Orphe et Eurydice and bookended by Haydns Symphony No 85, La Reine after Marie Antoinette and Bizets Symphony in C. Bizets conciseness marks him out very much as a classicist, though on this occasion his only symphony could have done with more energy and sparkle. The Haydn, perfectly played, was immaculate in its charm, elegance and humour. Tim Ashley

picking back-catalogue highlights such as It Aint Hard to Tell and the Eurythmics-sampling Street Dreams. Yet his gangsta posturing is less aecting than the new track Daughters, wherein he wryly and self-mockingly bemoans fathering a teenager with a penchant for bad boys. Nearing 40, he is keen to stress his newfound maturity, with his Kelis kiss-o Bye Baby adopting a tone of fond reection rather than acid recrimination. In a similar mood of conciliation, he declines vocal crowd requests to revisit Ether, his 2001 Jay-Z diss track in which he referred to his New York rap rival as both Gay-Z and a camel. Its a masterclass in erudite, righteous hip-hop from a dynamic performer, although it is disappointing that Nas plays nothing from his brilliant self-titled 2008 political opus, and closes instead with the mawkish, Phil Collins-sampling One Mic. It seems even a rap icon of impeccable taste cant get everything right. Ian Gittins

role, and registered equally positively in extracts from Saint-Sanss Samson and Delilah, Tchaikovskys Joan of Arc opera, The Maid of Orleans, and Gounods rare The Queen of Sheba. Lithe and capacious, it was always used with discrimination and imagination. Her ability to create long, shapely and meaningful phrases was as remarkable as her high notes were awless. The London Symphony Orchestra accompanied her, conducted by her Gibraltarian husband, Karel Mark Chichon, who proved a perfect accompanist not only for his wife but also for the LSOs leader, Gordan Nikolitch, whose subtly understated realisation of the Meditation from Massenets Thas was another highlight. George Hall

Classical
El na Garanca Barbican, London
The Latvian mezzo El na Garanca has already sung Carmen with distinction at Covent Garden and the Met, and here she brought the role or at least its major highlights to the concert platform. She even included something audiences are unlikely to hear in the opera house: an early setting of the Habanera that Bizet was persuaded to replace by the rst exponent of the role, Clestine Galli-Mari. Its a perfectly attractive piece of writing, though it lacks the sense of dangerous magnetism that leaps out of the famous version, which borrows its material from a popular Spanish song by Yradier. It cannot be easy for a singer to f decide how much to do with a role like Carmen without the full paraphernalia of a staging and the other characters o to act and react to. G Garanca judged her dramatic performance immaculately. performa Dressed relativ relatively sombrely, she used her stance and her he face and arms to suggest a a Carmen of considerable sexual allure, but sexua also one of dignity and wit. There an were no routine w physical gestures, nor was there n any coarseness or co carelessness in her singing. carelessn Her voice is ideal for the v Battle against silence Tanika's Journey Tanik

Pop
Nas Under the Bridge, London
Nass career has never been a model of consistency. Having been lauded as the best rapper in the world in the wake of his game-changing 1994 debut, Illmatic, the New Yorker has since seen his reputation yo-yo as he has tacked erratically between purist-pleasing hip-hop and chart-friendly pop-rap. His 11th studio album, Life Is Good, found him dramatically cradling his ally ex-wife Keliss wedding ing dress on its sleeve and nd analysing their split on a record that Nas has likened to Marvin Gayes 1978 divorce epic, Here, My Dear. On this UK visit he has eschewed his usual arena venues, preferring to play three highly intimate e London shows on consecutive nights. Its a thrill to see a poetic master of his craft so close up as Nas, accompanied d only by a DJ, prowls the stage, cherry-

Your view
Yellsy on Gtterdmmerung at the Royal Opera House, London Pappano and band were far from their best; Bullock was satisfactory rather than radiant; and Vinke was the least heroic, most lacklustre Siegfried I can remember. This is not really carping: I like the production a lot. Tomlinson is superb, Terfel was most excellent and Sophie Bevan perfect casting as the Woodbird"

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Comment

Debate

Zoe Williams The accent is on clarity, repetition and brevity; delegates are reduced to meat. There hardly seems room for politics

Tweaking it all for the telly is infantilising our conferences


t about quarter to one on Tuesday, some people appeared in the Manchester conference centre holding signs that said end of queue. It was a bit optimistic, I thought. Why would anybody queue for an hour to see Ed Milibands speech? There was a video link anyway, or you could watch it on your phone. But once again, I had underestimated the obedience of the delegates. When they call them the party faithful, they dont mean in the sense that they wont get into bed with any other party; they mean as faithful as a dog. Tell them to queue, master, and they will. They wont ask why, any more than theyd ask what the big deal is about sitting. Conferences are like Christmas, theres never any anger until everyone gets safely away from each other. The starkest thing you could say about Nick Cleggs speech was that the audience only fell into a rapture twice. This leader has turned his foot soldiers from doorstep darlings (in a we might not vote for you, but you lot are all right sort of way) to the living embodiment of political disillusion. People who have built their social identity round this underdog party have seen its reputation for benignly doing nothing trashed by a young man in a hurry. Youd think theyd be slightly irked; youd think it might show. It didnt. Labour was the same story even the rage toward the coalition felt vaudeville and uncommitted. There was no interrogation of how the party itself is progressing, neither in the halls nor in the corridors nor particularly in the fringes; there never is. Well, there is no point making trouble for yourself in opposition, you might think (though I bet you next weeks Tory conference is exactly the same). And these are, after all, the diehard political fans. It is possible that they are slightly starstruck, having previously only seen Andy Burnhams eyelashes on the television. But I no longer believe this to be the adulation of the unquestioning hardcore. Rather, the whole point of a party conference not as a meeting of minds, but as a performance to the rest of the nation is so well-established that for party members to voice discontent under the glare of the cameras would be as taboo as if the extras stood up in the middle of a lm and said they were bored, or they needed the toilet. It is frequently cited as the mark of a deft politician, that he or she can keep

Tyranny in a tiny camera


Henry Porter New CCTV software is an unprecedented threat to our liberties. Its time to enact a tough privacy law
t what point will the British public realise that its privacy and freedom is in mortal danger? If the new surveillance commissioner Andrew Rennison is right about the development of high-denition and facial-recognition technologies in CCTV systems, it should be today, because these technologies represent an unprecedented threat. They are being allowed to proliferate without any regulation or consideration as to how they will eventually be deployed against the individual. You can pay attention to this issue, or you can let it go. Thats what most of us did with the automatic number-plate recognition camera system which was installed on Britains major roads and in town centres, to watch in real time and log 90% of vehicle journeys. The decision was taken not by parliament but by the Association of Chief Police Ocers whose proceedings are secret, because Acpo is a private limited company. It is remarkable this was allowed in a country that prides itself on its history of liberty. It is happening again, but with even greater implications for a free society. Rennison, a former police ocer who has just been conrmed in the job of surveillance commissioner, paints a stark picture in the Independent: A tiny camera in a dome with 360-degree view can capture your face in the crowd, and there are now the algorithms that run in the background. The test data he has seen suggests that cameras will pick out a face in a crowd with a 90% success rate. That means no privacy in the shopping mall, on the train, in childrens classrooms and changing rooms, at the match, in the street, in restaurants or pubs. All the cameras currently operating for your security can be updated and converted to recognise faces. Wherever you go, someone will be logging your movements whether it is the police or the big supermarket chains that are anxious to monitor the behaviour of customers in their stores. But the vital fact to remember is that all private CCTV cameras may be accessed by the authorities and are therefore, in eect, part of the states surveillance system. When campaigning against ID cards I argued that they would allowed police and government agencies to know too much about our lives. The ID card would have served as a tracker that logged all our important transactions, which then could have been examined without our knowledge. The point about the ID card was not so much that it allowed us to identify ourselves, which would have been ne, but rather that it gave the state the ability to identify us. There is a world of dierence between these two, and it is for this reason that these systems represent as great a threat as the ID card. In one sentence: they allow the state and big, secretive corporations to know way too much about us. When people have that kind of power, they abuse it. If you doubt me, recall that the police national computer system has been used by serving ocers for illegal purposes. And consider how a government in a tight situation might be tempted to use a national face-recognition system to keep tabs on people to stie protest, free expression and assembly. We need a privacy law not some vague and well-meaning article in the Human Rights Act, which has never guaranteed anyones privacy, but a bill that asserts our right to guard our privacy against the state, corporations and the malevolence of future governments. But right now, MPs must have a serious look at the technology and what is already happening on our streets, because the nightmarish future is already here. You can let this go, or you can make it one of the issues that really matters to parliament. Without privacy there can be no democracy we all know that. Henry Porter writes commentary for the Observer

the room happy, while saying the things that the nation at large wants to hear but the room doesnt. This was what Ed Balls did, when he made an agile allusion to the fact that he didnt intend to reverse this governments spending cuts (I have reached the point in my life where I dont expect any government to reverse anything done by the one before, however much they kvetched at the time. They absolutely hate to repeal. I neither like it nor understand it, I simply know that its a law of the universe). Nevertheless, there must have been some people in the hall who were pretty disappointed to hear this, but youd have seen them in hell (rather than the red-bathed hell-alike the Labour hall often resembles) before theyd have let y a boo, or even a hiss. This isnt because the shadow chancellor is deft. Its because the conventions of this convention are so well understood the crowds role is as meat in the room, but it has to be happy meat. Since TV is the medium of this elaborate performance, the signiers get simpler and simpler, so that much of it is done with lighting: the Lib Dems bathed in green, to indicate an environmentalism that I actually believe is the case but like everything else, sincerely doubt theyll get their way on; Miliband in blue, steady, unpartisan, one nation, a bit like the other guy, only better. This

year, speakers have started to stand in the round, with the audience behind them as well as in front, the clearest admission yet that the performance is for the camera. It doesnt matter if some people are listening to the back of Milibands head. The crowd is there to sell the image, not buy its message. Where you might once have had a plant in the audience to commence applause, now the whole audience is a plant. Nostalgia for a politics of yore is for people with very short memories. I doubt there was ever a time when conferences were used as a genuine space to thrash out policy. But the inevitable consequence of choreographing everything with your eye according to how it will appear on telly is that you put the accent on repetition, clarity, simplicity and brevity. American presidential candidates have been distilling their thoughts into Twitter-sized bites since before Twitter was invented. Miliband has picked up what I previously thought was a Cameroonian bid to buy some time while he remembered what he was about to say: Let me be clear, he says. Its the verbal equivalent of TV makeup it works from a distance, but up close, the artice disgures the face underneath. This pantomime disgures real political conviction, I mean Milibands actual face is, of course, ne. Twitter: @zoesqwilliams
MATT KENYON

The signiers get simpler and simpler, so that much of it is done with lighting Lib Dems in green, Miliband in blue

A demonised democracy
Mark Weisbrot Venezuela is about to hold impeccably free and fair elections. Yet the US treats it as a dictatorship

n 30 May, Dan Rather, one of Americas bestknown journalists, announced that Venezuelan president Hugo Chvez would die in a couple of months at most. Four months later Chvez is not only alive and campaigning but widely expected to win re-election on Sunday. Such is the state of misrepresentation of Venezuela that a journalist can say almost anything about Chvez or his government and it is unlikely to be challenged, so long as it is negative. Even worse, Rather referred to Chvez as the dictator a term that few, if any, political scientists familiar with the country would countenance. Here is what Jimmy Carter said about Venezuelas dictatorship a few weeks ago: As a matter of fact, of the 92 elections that weve monitored, I would say that the election process in Venezuela is the best in the world. Carter won a Nobel prize for his work through the Carter Center, which has observed and certied past Venezuelan elections. But because Washington has sought for more than a decade to delegitimise Venezuelas government, his viewpoint is only rarely reported. In Venezuela, voters touch a computer screen to cast their vote and then receive a paper receipt, which they verify and deposit in a ballot box. Most of the paper ballots are compared with the electronic tally. This system makes vote-rigging nearly impossible: to steal the vote would require hacking the computers and then stung the ballot boxes to match the rigged vote. Unlike in the US, where in a close

vote we really have no idea who won (see Bush v Gore), Venezuelans can be sure that their vote counts. And also unlike the US, where as many as 90 million eligible voters will not vote in November, the government in Venezuela has done everything to increase voter registration (now at a record of about 97%) and participation. Yet the US foreign policy establishment seethes with contempt for Venezuelas democratic process. In a report timed for the elections, the socalled Committee to Protect Journalists says that the government controls a media empire, neglecting to inform its readers that Venezuelan state TV has only about 5-8% of the countrys audience. Of course, Chvez can interrupt normal programming with his speeches (under a law that pre-dates his administration), and regularly does so. But the opposition still has most of the media, including radio and print media not to mention most of the wealth and income of the country. The opposition will probably lose this election not because of the governments advantages of incumbency, but because the living standards of the majority of Venezuelans have dramatically improved under Chvez. Since 2004, when the government gained control over the oil industry and the economy had recovered from the devastating, extra-legal attempts to overthrow it (including the 2002 US-backed military coup and oil strike of 2002-2003), poverty has been cut in half and extreme poverty by 70%. Millions have access to healthcare for the rst time, and college enrolment has doubled, with free tuition for many students. Inequality has also been considerably reduced. By

contrast, the two decades that preceded Chvez amount to one of the worst economic failures in Latin America, with real income per person actually falling by 14% between 1980 and 1998. In Washington, democracy has a simple denition: does a government do what the state department wants it to do? So it is not just Venezuela that regularly comes under re from the Washington establishment: all of the left and newly independent governments of South America, including Argentina, Ecuador, and Bolivia are in the crosshairs (although Brazil is considered too big to get the same treatment except from the right). The state department tries to keep its eyes on the prize: Venezuela is sitting on 500bn barrels of oil, and doesnt respect Washingtons foreign policy. That is what makes it public enemy number one. But Venezuela is part of a Latin American spring that has produced the most democratic, progressive, and independent group of governments that the region has ever had. This is the former president of Brazil, Lula da Silva, last month: A victory for Chvez is not just a victory for the people of Venezuela but also a victory for all the people of Latin America this victory will strike another blow against imperialism. South Americas support is Venezuelas best guarantee against continuing attempts by Washington which is still spending millions of dollars within the country in addition to unknown covert funds to undermine, delegitimise, and destabilise democracy in Venezuela. Mark Weisbrot is co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, DC

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012 Follow us on Twitter @commentisfree Join us on Facebook facebook.com/guardiancomment

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Diary Hugh Muir


So did Ed Miliband have it right? Is this the most incompetent, hopeless, outof-touch, U-turning, pledge-breaking, make-it-up-as-you-go-along, miserable shower, of a government we have ever seen? Its denitely in the top one. And the problem for the coalition is that people are beginning to notice. Jeremy Hunt, the minister for Murdoch, never seemed any great shakes, but Big Dave likes him. Promoted him to health secretary. What does the real world think of Jeremy? Well, the results are in, and its disappointing news. A poll carried out by the magazine for curators, academics and cultural historians, Museums Journal, asked its readers the simple question: Was Jeremy Hunt a good culture secretary? One hundred percent of readers voted no. Thats 100%. Still, he wont care, for the health department overows with possibilities for a man of his talent. And his legacy endures. Culture department people will have to apply for their own jobs later this month to comply with Berkshire Hunts rst ministerial decision: to cut sta by 50%. What a speech. What a triumph. Change is gonna come, said Labour leader Ed. We believe him. It will all be dierent in so many ways. For instance, Rachel Reeves, the shadow Treasury minister, told the Independent that a party review will examine how a Labour government would end the reliance on private sector consultants, currently costing the state around 1bn a year. It would prevent rms such as G4S, embroiled in the Olympic security scandal, being paid consultancy fees. There will be two more reviews on public sector spending, on procurement and information technology. Which is welcome and long overdue. According to the register of MPs interests, Reeves accepted the services of a research assistant/analyst from expensive consultants PriceWaterhouseCoopers to support me in my capacity as shadow chief secretary to the Treasury, for three days a week from 22 May 2012 to 22 July 2012. The value of that was 35,000, more than 1,000 a day. Not a billion a year, but still a pretty penny. So when she says consultancy bills need hacking back, she knows of what she speaks. For times are hard. In the north. In the south. In Kent. In Dartford. So when Conservative MP Gareth Johnson moves to engage with local business it need not be a supermarket or a factory; he is also content to head down to the local pawnbrokers for a photo-op. It is apparent to me and many of my constituents that the services the company oers are useful in helping provide extra cash to individuals and families that may be experiencing short-term cashow problems, he told the Gravesend Reporter. Lets hear it for the high-street pawnbroker as a 21stcentury social service. Who says the coalition is doing nothing for industry? Yes, times are hard, here and throughout the EU. And its getting particularly rumbustious in Greece, where the rise of the neo-Nazi party Golden Dawn seems inextricably linked to an increase in violent attacks on immigrants, ethnic minorities anyone slightly dierent. What to do? Thank goodness the chastised and the assaulted can turn to the Council of Europes committee on equality and non-discrimination. A sympathetic ear guaranteed, especially one of the two belonging to Eleni Zaroulia. Shes a power in her own right, but is perhaps best known as the wife of the leader of the Golden Dawn, Nikos Mihaloliakos. She has been photographed with a German cross ring of the type beloved by the Fhrer. Nice lady. Shes exactly the type youd hope to meet in an hour of need. Finally, its all change at the Commons, where plans are advanced to revolutionise the service oered by the Pugin Room, bringing it into line with London hotels. Under the exciting new blueprint, the venue will be open to commercial hire for two years, says a yer, and sta are renovating the afternoon tea trolley which will ultimately display tempting cakes, hand-made in our kitchen. The hope, ocials say, is to position it as Gentlemans High Tea and The Afternoon Fancy. Excitement mounts in the peoples parliament. Dennis Skinner does love tea and cake. diary@guardian.co.uk Twitter: @hugh_muir

Martin Kettle Like Eric Hobsbawm, both recognise that the Labour party has to transcend old failed labourism if it is to win

Miliband and Blair have more in common than you think


ost of us are marked in various ways by the politics of the era in which we rst became involved. This is not the same as saying, hopefully, that nobodys political views ever change, although all of us can probably think of people we know whose political views have managed to get stuck depressingly early on in their lives, and have never altered. But, in the same way that Napoleon once said that to understand a countrys foreign policy it is always useful to look rst at the map, so in understanding a persons politics, it is always useful to know when they were born. That certainly went for Eric Hobsbawm, who died on Monday. Hobsbawms lifelong Marxism was rooted in the way he became politically engaged in Berlin as Hitler came to power and the feelings he experienced in Popular Front France in the mid-1930s. Hobsbawm has been much censured for continuing to articulate why communists of his generation so often thought the way they did about the Soviet Union. But this only supports my point. If even the possessor of the greatest and most wide-ranging historical mind I ever expect to encounter could be marked in this way, then which of the rest of us lesser intellectual fry is likely to be wholly dierent? The imprint of formative political years is certainly one way of looking at the evolution of the modern Labour party. Consider this. When Tony Blair was 26 in 1979, a divided and shambolic Labour party was swept from power by Margaret Thatchers Conservatives. When Ed Miliband was 26 in 1995, by contrast, a divided and shambolic Tory party was already reeling towards landslide defeat under Blair. That doesnt tell you everything about the political dierences between the two Labour leaders. But it goes some way to explain why Blair, coming to political maturity in a period of terrible Labour failure, was and is a pessimist about his party mistakenly in my view and why Miliband, reaching his maturity during a surging wave of Labour success, is basically an optimist about it, perhaps mistakenly too.

If one event could be said to have rid me of the leftism with which I still irted at that time, it was the Hobsbawm lecture

In my own case, it was Hobsbawm who, more than anyone, supplied the formative imprint. In 1978, he gave his Marx Memorial Lecture. I was present, and clearly remember it as being a rather involved piece of labour historical research rather than the seminal moment in late 20th-century left revisionism that it has become in retrospect. But its key sentence made just as much of an impact back then as today. Marshalling his statistics to show how the industrial working class was in decline as a proportion of the working population, how trade union membership was static and the Labour share of the vote gradually shrinking, Hobsbawms lecture reached its key sentence. The forward march of labour and the labour movement, which Marx predicted, he said, appears to have come to a halt in this country about 25 to 30 years ago. In other words, it peaked around the time of the Attlee Labour governments of the postwar era. If one event could be said to have rid me of the leftism with which I still irted at that time and I still possess a letter from Tony Benn thanking me for writing to suggest he ran for the party leadership in 1976 it was the Hobsbawm lecture and the rich debate that followed in Marxism Today and the Guardian in the early 1980s. Hobsbawms lecture compelled a generation to think more truthfully and less romantically about the trajectory and momentum of the labour and socialist project. And everything that Hobsbawm said about the condition of those projects back then is even more true today. When Hobsbawm gave his lecture, the proportion of manual workers and their families in the population had already declined from 75% in 1911 to a little over half in 1976. Today it is well under a third. When Hobsbawm spoke, 46% of the workforce were in trade unions. Today the proportion is 26%. When Hobsbawm spoke, Labours most recent general election vote share was 39%. Today that gure is 29%. But if the forward march of labour had already halted long ago, what words should we use to describe it today? Gone into retreat? Regrouped? Ended? My preference is simply to say that the question has become long ago historically irrelevant for all foreseeable

political purposes. The Labour party exists. But labourism is no longer the big answer to anything. Thats one reason I am unconvinced about Labours invocation of the spirit of 1945 this week. Hobsbawms death at the start of the Labour conference was even announced in the hall. That would have been unthinkable a generation ago. It was, though, appropriate. Because it was not hard to see how Hobsbawms lecture posed and continues to pose an epochal challenge to the modern Labour party. t seems to be fashionable this week to say that Blair and Miliband have oered ideologically dierent answers to the Hobsbawm question of what the post-labourist Labour party should become. Much of the dierence, however, can be explained by history rather than ideology. Blair became leader in an expanding global economy. There was more of everything for everyone. It is hardly surprising, especially after four successive election defeats, that Blair often took the line of least resistance and invited everyone into his big tent. Some of us criticised this at the time. But he was a pessimist in optimistic times. And he won three elections. Miliband became leader in a contracting global economy. There is less of most things for most people. He has to make cuts and say no. Milibands mildly social democratic approach isnt proof that he is a better, wiser or more principled leader, let alone a more popular one. It is proof that he is an optimist who faces dicult choices, some imposed on him by Blairs failings. They are dierent leaders in dierent situations, and they are not stepping into the same river. But they both know one big thing that the Labour party has to transcend old failed labourism to win and govern. Blairs New Labour and Milibands onenation Labour are dierent attempts to reach out to voters who turned away from Old Labour. Blairs attempt was then. It was extremely successful. Milibands is now. Its prospects are more fragile. They have more in common than those whose politics are stuck in the past can allow. Hobsbawm would have understood that. And so should we. martin.kettle@guardian.co.uk

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The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

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Distribution of income

Agenda for negotiation


One reason why Ed Miliband turned in quite such an assured conference performance on Tuesday was because he shrewdly eschewed a buzzword that has littered his other speeches of late, namely pre-distribution. Yet the same Labour leader sounded far less assured when subjected to Evan Daviss cerebral nit-picking on the radio yesterday, precisely because he has failed to consider how hed apply his unfortunately labelled desire to prod companies into paying fairer wages. Most of our people, said Harold Macmillan back in the 1950s, have never had it so good. It proved to be an election-winning shtick for him at the time, as it would later be for many prime ministerial successors. The defining fact of our own times, however, laid bare in a characteristically forensic report from the Resolution Foundation last month, is that most of our people can no longer rely on the year-in, year-out pay rises which slowly transformed living standards in the past. Even assuming a recovery that gets up to full pelt before too long, Resolution calculates that families earning right up to about 40,000 could be appreciably poorer in 2020 than before the 2008 crash. Should that recovery falter, it is not fanciful to imagine that we could be in for a lost generation, where the traditional expectation that children can live more comfortably than their parents becomes the preserve of an elite. Mr Miliband senses that something important is happening here, and yet he has not yet gured out his response. He knows the approach he learnt at Gordon Browns knee letting the market rip on the nances, and then picking up the pieces through generous tax credit payments will not be open to him in the cash-strapped circumstances in which he hopes to lead Labour back to power. He knows, too, that the orthodox economics that he was trained in dismisses any attempt to outwit the invisible hand by meddling in rates of pre-tax wages. It asserts that any sane boss will pay a worker for what he or she adds to production, and that any edict to start paying more will only persuade them to start employing less. Taken together with the straitened public nances, this orthodoxy invites the despairing thought (and the dire political slogan) that most of our people had better get used to hard times. Fortunately, this dismal corner of the dismal science is ripe for revolution. The conventional wisdom styles the great pay gap as the inevitable consequence of technologies that allow the most talented in society to perform even better than before, but this self-serving story is knocked down by emerging American evidence that people with similar skills, who do similar work for dierent rms, nonetheless get paid wildly diering amounts. As the economist John Kay wrote in yesterdays FT, only a rabid ideologue could fail to appreciate that pay is not purely a question of productivity; it is also a question of bargaining. Individual output is virtually always tricky to measure, and frequently makes no sense at all. A no-show by any one of a string quartet will result in a concert cancellation, but the sums would obviously fail to add up if each used their indispensability to the others to demand 100% of the ticket sales. Instead, there would be a negotiation to split the spoils, just as there is every time any employee is due for a pay rise and every time a boss asks the board for a recession-busting cheque. The only hope for progressive politics and the only hope for any poorly paid worker hoping for jam before 2025 is to nd some means of strengthening the arm of less powerful parties in the all important haggling over pay. There are all sorts of ideas promoting industrial democracy, clamping down on outsourcing or raising a minimum wage that this week failed to keep pace with ination. All are worthy of consideration, but it must be admitted that all carry dangers for employment, which is why Mr Miliband is so understandably wary to commit. He is right to want to do his research, but he must understand that the vagaries of the rhetorically winning one-nation formula will not provide shelter for long.

Rail franchises

A signal failure
The Department for Transport has had seven secretaries of state in six years: too many ministers and not enough management. Less than 24 hours after Ed Milibands litany of government failures and embarrassments in Manchester, the department produced another of its heroic ascos. But blaming the eleventhhour decision to abandon the west coast mainline franchise-letting operation because of mistakes in the process by three ocials is to miss the point. The system itself is not t for purpose. Less than a month after David Cameron shued all three Tory transport ministers into new jobs (promoting Theresa Villiers, who had been in charge of the franchise process to the cabinet), the process of awarding the most lucrative of the rail franchises has been frozen. So have all other imminent refranchising negotiations. The cost to the taxpayer will be at least the 40m promised in compensation to the bidders. Even less clear is the impact on future inward investment in infrastructure, of which the coalition has such high hopes. The west coast franchise was the rst to be awarded under the coalitions new design of a longer franchise with more risk to the operator and more cash for the Treasury. The key judgment ocials had to make was on the sustainability of the oer, the balance between risk and revenue. When the franchise was awarded to FirstGroup, industry critics tended to dismiss cries of foul from the existing franchisee, Virgin Trains, since Richard Branson advisers had reportedly, in an unguarded moment, described it as a licence to print money. But the claim that Firsts revenue projections were based on a preposterous increase in journeys was more sympathetically heard. They were not due to happen for 10 years, and there were allegations that the company would game the system an accusation it has faced in connection with its Great Western contract. Meanwhile, the franchise for another of the strategic rail routes, the east coast mainline, has been handed back twice by operators whose bids were unsustainable and is now being run (to the taxpayers advantage) by the government through Directly Operated Railways (DOR), an arms length body. Patrick McLoughlin, the new transport secretary, insists that the problem has been mechanical rather than systemic. He promises passengers will not suer while the franchise process is frozen, pending the outcome of the two inquiries he has instigated. He does not sound like a politician preparing wholesale reform. Nor, more worryingly, does Labour. Theres support at the top for the idea of the gradual return to a form of public ownership not a return to British Rail, more a development of DOR or the non-dividend Network Rail. But this is an argument that needs to be made, and the time to start is now.

In praise of the Bloodhound


Drivers in Cornwall can breathe a sigh of relief. A rocket, which yesterday developed over 14,000lb of thrust and will be part of an engine designed to smash the landspeed record of 763mph, will not appear on the roads of the county any time soon. It remained instead rmly bolted to the oor in Newquay. Twenty-seven square kilometres of South African desert are being cleared by hand for the Bloodhound supersonic car, which will attempt to break the record next year. There are a few problems to solve on the way. No one knows what will happen when the car deploys its air brakes at a speed of over 800mph . Or how the aluminium wheels will behave. The car itself, which looks like a jet ghter minus wings, is still being built. Trying to cram a rocket, a jet and a Formula 1 engine into the same machine sounds like an inherently daft endeavour. But of such eccentricity is genius made.

Comment & Debate

Cameron has lost any hope of redening the Tories

Phillip Blond He has abandoned the vision of one-nation conservatism that so inspired me, and retoxied his party

liked David Cameron; when he became Conservative leader in 2005 he recognised that something was badly wrong with the right, and a new radical conservatism was desperately needed. I proposed a red Toryism a commitment to the progressive merits of tradition and social conservatism, and a Tory economics that distributed property, market access and educational excellence to all. In 2009 I argued for a new one-nation approach to Britains problems, and Cameron appeared to agree. The principles of re-localising the economy, re-capitalising the poor and re-moralising the market were echoed in Camerons speeches and policy ideas. I did and still do believe in all this. I advocated a bottom-up civic renewal of our society; plus I wanted to recover social conservatism not as a reactionary war on single mothers or gay people, but as a conserving force to restore the family and loving relationships as the primary agent of renewal, and the rst front in the war on poverty, human neglect and social dysfunction. Crucially I argued conservative economics were not delivering on conservative principles and that current versions of free-market economics were re-inscribing class and caste. Cameron spoke to all of this and oered as its realisation the big society a whole package of measures to add to community empowerment, civic life and community businesses. It was unfortunately designed to work alongside rather than convert a dysfunctional economic model. But despite appalling communication and a belief it was just about volunteering, it gave a sense of social rejuvenation and structural shift. Big society was Camerons unfullled promise to do and be something dierent.

But what a disappointment and what a tragedy this promised renewal of onenation conservatism has become. Make no mistake: a radical Toryism has been abandoned, the once-in-a-generation chance to redene conservatism has been lost. In 2009 I argued that the party had renewed its social vision but not its economic philosophy, and if it simply repeated 1980s economics, then that would destroy everything else on oer. And so it has proved. In an act of almost inexplicable carelessness Cameron has abandoned his social project for a re-toxifying 1980s approach to the decit. He has surrendered No 10 to Treasury determination the starkest example of which is that in the emergency budget of 2010 he allowed the largest cuts to fall on local authorities even before his own Localism Act had come into force, allowing communities to take over public services. The government is now focused on a purely negative agenda of decit reduction, and unable to oer a positive vision of the future. Almost overnight the idea of a governing principle and a vision of a better Britain was overthrown by economic austerity. Yes, the decit bequeathed by Labour is a real economic emergency. But the means employed to address it are defunct and outdated. Supply side reform is not a sucient condition for growth: an economic approach that worked, for some, 40 years ago now appears not to work for any. Decit reduction is not even working on its own terms the government will be borrowing more at the end of its term than at the beginning. The PM has given up something for nothing, ceding all his strategic and visionary thinking to George Osbornes tactical and failing approach to the

decit. A new conservatism has been strangled at birth; old economics have killed new politics. Why has this been allowed to happen? Cynics say that Cameron never believed in his vision and it was all a cover for rightwing extremism. I dont accept this; I suspect the failure is philosophical and structural. Cameron has, or had, some of the best intuitions in British politics but lacks the ability to synthesise these into concepts and clear principles. The refusal to decide what type of conservatism he represents has led to him backing all the dogs in the ght and abandoning his own vision to the victor. This, coupled with a refusal to lead from the centre, has resulted in a decentralisation of power and a dissipation of purpose. Departments have permission to run with whatever variant of conservatism any minister nds persuasive. Hence the calamities of NHS reform, Europe and the work programme. Rather like some ghastly ghost story, the various shades of the conservative past have returned and overwhelmed the good that Cameron originally represented. His brand is now polling almost at the same level as that of the

Like some ghastly ghost story, the various shades of Conservative past have overwhelmed the good he originally represented

Conservative party itself. His failure to maintain a coherent new vision has led to spasmodic appeals to vague progressive notions that have further alienated his own base and suggested that the PM is not a master of his own beliefs. None of this is helped by an almost permanent lack of central direction; even cabinet ministers do not know who is in control of the governments message. Cameron himself is no longer aided by people with a strategic vision for the country Steve Hilton has left, exhausted by internal competition over direction, and the PM is surrounded by pragmatists who constantly behave as if short-term electoral advantage is longterm strategic thinking. Camerons thinking is now out of step with public demands and economic reality. People desperately want a new economic and social settlement. But nothing is on oer from the right, so the left has moved into the vacuum. More worryingly for Cameron, Ed Milibands speech this week wasnt even blue Labour he was red Tory when he both vindicated Camerons original vision and sidelined it by appropriating Disraeli. One nation is the new common ground of British politics. If the prime minister does not respond he faces the real possibility of an inglorious one-term premiership. Cameron had the original vision; he must recover it. He should turn to building new moral institutions, and recognise the family and human association as the greatest ally in the war on poverty, disadvantage and suffering. Cameron is at his best with his back to the wall let us hope he now recognises that this is where he is. Phillip Blond is director of the thinktank ResPublica

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

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Reply
Letters and emails Violent protests in the Maldives
On behalf of the Maldives government, I must respond to the letter (2 October) about the situation here. It claims the outlook for democracy in the Maldives is deteriorating; many in the Maldives would agree, but for very dierent reasons. On Monday, there was the murder of Dr Afrasheem Ali, an MP. His death was a result of the climate of violent protest which is now threatening our democracy and which includes the supporters of former President Nasheed. We hope that all the signatories to the Guardian letter would join with us in disowning that violence and urge the former president to do the same. Nasheed is being investigated by our judicial system which, unlike in his time as president, is completely independent of the government. The claims of an island arrest are completely untrue; in any judicial process, the accused is asked to remain in the country. This applies in the UK or US, as much as it does in the Maldives. A date for presidential elections will be set in line with our constitution between June and September 2013. There is no evidence that 2,000 people have been detained. There have been arrests all for violent criminal acts associated with demonstrations that have endangered life or property. The government takes reports by Amnesty International very seriously and has asked that it reports any alleged abuses to the independent Human Rights Commission of the Maldives and the independent Police Integrity Commission, which monitor every demonstration. We are inviting several human rights bodies to come to the Maldives and see the situation for themselves. Dr Hassan Saeed Special adviser to President Waheed

telephone number. We may edit letters. Submission and publication of all letters is subject to our terms and conditions: see http://gu.com/letters-terms

Hits and misses of Milibands speech


Ed Milibands one nation speech at the Labour party conference was right, at this stage of the parliament, to set out a framework and not the detailed picture (Editorial, 3 October). But it was disappointing that the former climate change secretary didnt refer to the biggest challenge hell face as PM: charting a course for a lowcarbon economy for the new green jobs that will get Britain working, exporting and innovating again. The PM-in-waiting had a reasonable grasp of the green agenda when in oce. He really could lead the greenest government ever. Nick Reeves Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management While the inspiration for his speech may have been Disraeli, Miliband will need to remember that the modern view of the Tory 1874 administration sees more in the way of window dressing being provided, rather than concrete reform, and that had one nation policies been put into practice instead of half-hearted, permissive ones, the need for a Labour party might never have arisen. The tone of the speech was more reminiscent of Franklin D Roosevelt in his prime, with its anger and passion allied to self-deprecatory humour, determination and vision. It is worth remembering, too, how he dealt with the problem of American business prot-seeking rather than working for the benet of the country as a whole: the awarding of Blue Eagle symbols only to those companies working in Americas interest could be a model for a future Labour government. Three stars, for example, could be the reward to businesses one star for treating their employees fairly (living wage, safety, holidays, no ridiculous bonuses, etc); another for introducing eective apprentice schemes; and, of course, the third for paying the correct amount of taxation each scal year. Many corporations would undoubtedly object, but their reasons for doing so would be obvious, and those with all three stars would be able to publicise the fact, and attract extra custom. Criticism of the idea would come, too, from academics, journalists and some political commentators, especially those working for the Tory media. But it would have the benet of not only adding substance to the one nation concept, but also generating support from the electorate, keen to see, at last, some transparency in action. Bernie Evans Liverpool Everyone seems to be hailing Ed Milibands co-option of Disraelis one nation politics as a great coup for the Labour party, but was it such a great tactic? A great hero of the left, Raymond Williams, writes of the curiosity, partisanship, and opportunism, matched only by a brilliance of address in Disraelis writings, and this seems a imsy, not to say dubious, basis for a new start in Labours politics. Yesterday we got ashes of the brilliance of address, but also too much of the partisanship and opportunism. Labour had better leave Disraeli to the Tories and come up with some genuine and substantial policies of its own. Anthony Kearney Lancaster Yes, an excellent speech. But Miliband should not have said that he would repeal the NHS bill. You cannot repeal a bill, and anyway its an act now. By all means end the free market experiment, but I doubt if the poor old NHS would welcome yet another reorganisation so soon. Chris Birch London I am sick and tired of hearing both broadcasters and members of the public criticising Ed Miliband for not having enough charisma. I dont want a charismatic prime minister, just one who gets the job done. One could never accuse Clement Attlee of being charismatic, but he presided over one of the most eective and groundbreaking governments of the last century. Tony Blair, on the other hand Cherry Weston Wolverhampton I wish Ed Miliband would drop the phase this shower, and replace it with this lot. Shower makes him sound like a wartime Spitre pilot. Brian Lewis Pontefract, West Yorkshire No Etonian makes one nation. Ephraim Levinson London

Corrections and clarications


The population of the Caucasus country of Georgia was given as 4.7 million in an article about its parliamentary elections and as 4.5 million in a report published two days later. The second gure is the correct one. The National Statistics Oce of Georgia put the countrys population at just under 4.5 million at the beginning of this year (Two world visions collide in Georgias knife-edge election, 1 October, page 15; Uncertain times in Russias backyard, 3 October, page 16). A feature about the Queen guitarist Brian May said that he had played at the closing ceremony for the Olympics in August alongside bassist John Deacon and drummer Roger Taylor. In fact Deacon did not perform at that event (Me and my animal passions, 29 September, page 37). The surname of the chief executive of the Association of Graduate Recruiters was misspelled as Gilliard in an article. He is Carl Gilleard (Students to get detailed academic records, 3 October, page 6). Further corrections and clarications on guardian.co.uk include: Ed Miliband draws on Disraeli in conference speech, 2 October. Contacts for Guardian departments and sta can be found at gu.com/help/ contact-us. To contact the readers editors oce, which looks at queries about accuracy and standards, email reader@guardian.co.uk including article details and web link; write to The readers editor, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU; or phone +44 (0)20 3353 4736 between 10am and 1pm UK time Monday to Friday excluding public holidays. The Guardians policy is to correct signicant errors as soon as possible. The editorial code of the Guardian incorporates the editors code overseen by the Press Complaints Commission: see pcc.org.uk

The tone of the speech was more reminiscent of FDR, with its anger, passion and vision
Bernie Evans

Local diculties
It may be true that Sainsburys chief welcomes grilling on green values (1 October), but Justin Kings claim that a more local diet is less healthy is one that would wilt under even the most moderate heat, while his comments about the cheapness of food, its global provenance and the eciency of supply chains are a collapsing sou of unexamined assumptions. Im sure that hes doing as good a job as he can on environmental issues within his terms of reference, but the fact that it can be reported as a proud record speaks volumes for the low standards we allow the food system to set itself. Chris Smaje Frome, Somerset Helena McKeowns naivety is astonishing (Why doctors are dismayed, 3 October). She tells us she joined in Andrew Lansleys revolution by welcoming that GPs would play a bigger part in commissioning but now complains that GPs spend hours in commissioning meetings. What did she expect: complex medical services to be commissioned with a single telephone call or the length of the day to increase to 32 hours? Derek Haselden Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire My friend Ian Martin pointed out that Eric Hobsbawm was his own obituarists obituarist. Must be an odd occurrence. Jack Wakeeld London Re the coalitions proposed school buildings policy (Letters, 3 October): sheds for plebs? Bob Nicholson Frodsham, Cheshire Lest the citizens of Goole get too proud of their exclusive status (Letters, 2 October), I must remind them of the story of a soul originating in Yorkshire, who, after interrogation by St Peter, was allowed in. But with the caveat: Think on. We dont make Yorkshire puddings just for one. Martin Knight York Goole, my childhood town, was once twinned with Gibraltar: perhaps because of an obstinate refusal to cede from the West to the East Riding. Denis Mongon Widdington, Essex

Balanced coverage or western bias against Chvez in Venezuela?


Jonathan Watts and Virginia Lopez (Chvezs rival would forget global revolution, 1 October) report that Venezuelan opposition candidate Henrique Capriles would end the Chvez policy of promoting worldwide revolution and focus on Venezuelas needs. Under Chvez, oil revenue, 80% of which previously went abroad, has been recovered for investment in infrastructure and social programmes; free healthcare and education has been made available for the rst time to the poor; staple foodstus have been made available at reasonable prices through public distribution networks; railways, roads and port facilities are being expanded at an unprecedented rate; and innovative forms of communal self-government and public accountability are making Venezuela a model of participatory democracy. This, surely, is to focus on Venezuelas needs. In stark contrast, Henrique Capriles programme of privatisation, austerity and neoliberalism would return the country to the poverty and stagnation of the lost decades of the 1980s and 1990s. Watts and Lopez quote Capriles as describing himself as a political centrist who looks to the left, but this is mere rhetoric coming from a man who belongs to one of the wealthiest families in Venezuela and whose political record includes alleged support for the 2002 anti-Chvez coup. Your reporters say polls suggest that the race may be tight, but most polls (including the usually reliable Datanalysis and Hinterlaces) give Chvez a lead of 10 to 15%. Every time there is an election in Venezuela, the media paint a picture of a neck-andneck race and suggest that Chvez is losing support, but in every presidential election or referendum he has won by margins ranging from 12 to 26%. There is little reason to anticipate a massive change this time. In desperation, the opposition MUD (Democratic Unity Roundtable) is already preparing to cry fraud and launch a protest campaign of civil disobedience or worse. It is no secret that this Sundays election is crucial to the future of the entire Latin American alternative, based on national independence, public investment and social justice, and that powerful forces in Washington, London and the boardrooms of global corporations would relish a Capriles victory. Diana Raby Senior research fellow, Latin American studies, University of Liverpool The Guardian has published three articles in the past week on Hugo Chavez that have lacked a degree of balance. The latest, by Rory Carroll, decries the simplicities and distortions by both sides, before embarking on his own simplicities and distortions. Take the media. Imagine for a moment that ITV had backed a failed coup of the democratically elected government. Would that government simply shrug its shoulders? Or would it refuse to renew ITVs licence (as Venezuela did with RCTV, for exactly this reason)? Would doing so constitute a curbed media? As for abolished term limits, is this not similar to our own democratic system? Do we limit the number of terms our prime minister can serve? There are, of course, problems in Venezuela, but a more balanced coverage would be most welcome. Ian Clark Canterbury, Kent

Country diary

Burghead, Moray
The full tide and the strong winds were making the rolling sea crash against the hard coast with some force. When the waves hit the onshore rocks, the high, almost dazzling, white foam formed real and imaginary shapes. Despite all the restless turmoil, the sea was coloured in two huge areas. Nearer the shore, the waves were a dull grey, but far out to the north and west there was a dramatic looking change. It was as if an artist had drawn a line with a paint brush across a canvas beyond the line, the sea was an attractive blue green. The winds were aecting the seabirds, especially the birds ying eastwards. Eider ducks, gannets, auks and scoters hurtled past almost as though they were out of control from the elements. In contrast, those ying west were battling against the wind to make headway. Even the gannets, unusually all of them juveniles, had to keep as close to the sea as they could, despite their long, powerful wings, but even then they found it hard going. The only birds actually on the sea were the eiders and shags, the former scarcely bothered with the conditions. They were still feeding, no doubt on shellsh, yet they were without the normally attendant gulls. Small groups of gulls will gather around, waiting for any scraps to be pirated, but perhaps the wind was just too much for them. While some of the shags were scattered singly on the sea, many others were resting on the harbour wall around the other side of the peninsula. A few were standing with wings extended, looking like ancient, perhaps medieval, emblems. There still seems to be some debate as to whether this posture is simply to dry their wings or to aid digestion. There were herring gulls with the birds, which gave an idea of the larger shags size, although they are smaller than their close cousins, the cormorants, with a much slimmer beak and neck. Ray Collier

On track for an ice-free Arctic ocean by 2015 Abortion time limits


Your correspondents warn the government that there are 50 months to avoid climate disaster (Letters, 1 October). But the dramatic collapse of Arctic sea ice this year presages disaster much sooner. It demonstrates the alarming progression of a vicious cycle: as the sea ice melts away, it is replaced by open water, absorbing sunshine and warming the sea such as to speed the melt. This vicious cycle became apparent in the 90s, when observations of the sea ice extent started deviating from linear projections. Annual sea ice minimum volume is showing a clear trend towards zero in September 2015 an ice-free ocean. Scientists warn that this years weather extremes, and mounting food prices, are due to Arctic warming and therefore liable to worsen progressively in future years as the sea ice disappears. Ameg, the independent policy group that I chair, argues that the only way to avoid such a crisis is to cool the Arctic. We need to start deploying cooling technology within ve months if we are to prevent further sea ice retreat. This is a colossal engineering challenge, and governments must collaborate to ensure it is met. We must avert a crisis that could bring famine to all within a few years. John Nissen London Polly Toynbee and Danny Dorling illustrate on the same page (Comment, 2 October) the perils of forgetting what US physicist Al Bartlett has called the forgotten fundamentals of growth. Thus Dorling calls for low growth, but a rate of just 1% would produce a doubling of a given quantity in a mere 70 years. Toynbee even talks of the sunny uplands of 3% growth. The doubling time would be correspondingly shorter (just over 23 years). Such growthism is no longer sustainable. This years Earth overshoot day has already gone (12 August), earlier than ever before. That is why we greens argue that a quite dierent agenda is needed: a steady-state economy, one no bigger than the Earth can sustain. Sandy Irvine Newcastle Green party Maria Miller and Nadine Dorries should be applauded for laying bare the myth that Tories have any interest in the rights of women (Minister calls for 20-week abortion limit, 2 October). By suggesting the legal limit should be cut because of the very practical impact that lateterm abortion has on women, what they are really saying is that women do not know their own minds and should not be trusted to make decisions about their own bodies. Miller also ignores the practical impact on both women and children of being forced to complete unwanted pregnancies in an already overcrowded world. Most telling is the fact that Miller performs her duties as minister for women as a sideline to her other job as secretary of state for culture, media and sport. Surely a job representing half the countrys population at a time when inequality is rife and women are suering disproportionately from coalition economic policies deserves at least the full time attention of a dedicated minster. Tim Matthews Luton, Bedfordshire

36

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Pietersen to go through reintegration process


Cricket, pages 42-44

guardian.co.uk/sport

Wilkinson: theres no way I could say no to Lions


Toulons former England y-half would like one more crack at the Wallabies, writes Robert Kitson
Australian rugby supporters who breathed a sigh of relief when Jonny Wilkinson signalled the end of his England days may be in for a nasty shock. The scourge of the Wallabies in the 2003 World Cup nal has indicated he would love to tour with the British and Irish Lions next summer and says he has a score to settle following the Lions series defeat in 2001. At the age of 33 Wilkinson has been rejuvenated on and o the eld since moving to Toulon and feels he still has one last international hurrah in him. As he talked in the sun-drenched French Riviera town of Menton, having paid a ceremonial visit to the grave of the sports mythical founding father William Webb Ellis, it was clear picking up a Test ball and running with it again held huge appeal. Theres no way I could say no, admitted Englands record points-scorer. Its such a fabulous thing in terms of what it represents. It doesnt matter where youve come from, its enormous. Having been a central gure in the 2001 series, when his intercepted pass contributed to a Wallaby win in Melbourne, and tasted defeat again in New Zealand in 2005, the World Cup winner also has plenty of personal motivation. It is niggling away at me. In 2001 I sat in the changing-room after the third Test and it felt like a World Cup nal loss. Its like trying to run a marathon, getting to the 25th mile and someone saying: Thats it. As yet Warren Gatland, the Lions coach, has not approached him directly but there is a precedent, with the Leicester anker Neil Back touring in 2005 after ending his England career. The snag for Wilkinson is that the closing stages of the French championship season in early June coincide with the start of the Lions trek to Hong Kong and Australia. Wilkinson is also well aware others are ahead of him in the queue. Im a 33-year-old player playing in France and enjoying my rugby. Im not

French exiles
The Lions can pick a number of players next year who are currently plying their trade in France Jonny Wilkinson Toulon The y-half is enjoying the autumn of his career with Frances biggest spending club but Irelands Jonny Sexton and Rhys Priestland of Wales may be above him in the peckingorder of current No10s Andrew Sheridan Toulon After leaving Sale in the summer he is now o Englands radar but the 32-year-old is still a powerhouse scrummager who has given past Wallaby packs a hard time James Hook Perpignan Hooks versatility makes him a possible surprise selection. Only Neil Jenkins and Stephen Jones have scored more points for Wales and he is an excellent distributor and elusive runner Mike Phillips Bayonne He was the Test scrum-half on the last Lions tour in South Africa but his recent row with his French club and one-match ban for o-the-eld behaviour have not helped his cause Jonny Wilkinson yesterday, with the Webb Ellis Cup at the grave of the man who picked up the ball to start the game of rugby union Seb Pons/England 2015 it. Actually, it was the opposite. It gave me a new perspective after what Id been through a year and a half before; sitting in my hotel room every night, going to bed anxious and not being able to work out what was eating me inside. After three rewarding years in Toulon I absolutely adore this place, its changed my life he has, nevertheless, yet to commit to another season in France. He likes the idea of coaching young kickers and has a horror of playing beyond his sell-by date. It scares me that someone might turn around and say, Well take him on because he did a few things in the past. It scares me that might count for more than what I am doing on the eld. Age also has its drawbacks Physically I cant train like I did when I was 21 but the old desire still burns. Maybe its because Im coming towards the end, but Im nding an extra intensity. He was so inspired by watching the Olympics he even dug out his running spikes I saw myself as Usain Bolt ... and has also enjoyed studying Englands progress from afar, not least the current tussle for the No10 jersey. The 21-year-old Owen Farrell reminds him of his younger self. I see that constant battle going on in his head. Theres an inner aggression that comes from battling with yourself because you are setting your own expectations. He has his own agenda which sets the bar ahead of what his team wants. That kind of ruthless edge is something you cant ignore. You need to harness that. If Farrell wants to follow in his predecessors footsteps, he has little time to waste. The qualifying process for the 2015 tournament kicks o this weekend when Hungary face Bulgaria in Kecskemet and Wilkinson believes England must also gather some momentum this autumn. We should really be looking at winning all four of the games. This autumn is going to be massive in terms of starting the ball rolling. The trophy bearing Webb Elliss name is already exerting its relentless pull. For all the latest news on Rugby World Cup 2015 in England join The Front Row, the ocial RWC 2015 ezine, at rugbyworldcup.com/signup

Englands mainstay fly-half so theres an element of realism for me, he said. Selection is out of my control. All I can do is play and see if I fit into their plans. Whatever happens, Wilkinson is a happier, less tortured soul nowadays. By his own admission he was worried how he would react to retiring from England duty but has been pleasantly surprised. I thought it might kick o another of these terrible cycles of mine when Id suddenly think: What am I going to do and regret

Racing

Dettoris Arc call-up a sign that Coolmore and Godolphin relations are thawing
Greg Wood
There was a sense of inevitability about the news yesterday that Camelot, the Derby winner, will line up for the Prix de lArc de Triomphe at Longchamp on Sunday, just 22 days after he failed to add the St Leger to his wins in the 2,000 Guineas and Derby. The choice of Frankie Dettori as the man to hold his reins, though, was quite a surprise, not least to the bookmaker who had rated him a 10-1 chance behind William Buick, Seamus Heernan and Jamie Spencer. With Joseph OBrien, Camelots rider in all his races to date, unable to do the weight, there can be little doubt that Dettori is the best and most experienced rider available. Godolphin, which has employed him as its No1 jockey since its inception 20 years ago, has a runner in the Arc, but from Andr Fabres oshoot yard at Chantilly, which employs its own riders. Dettori has ridden in the last 24 Arcs, winning three. Who better to bring up a quarter-century on the Derby winner? But one of several reasons for retaining a jockey at considerable expense is that if he is riding for you, he cannot be riding against you. Masterstroke, Godolphins French-based runner, is not among the obvious favourites, but at 10-1, he hardly counts as a rank outsider either. And leaving that aside, the real prize in the best international Flat races is not the purse, but the breeding rights, and the rivalry between Sheikh Mohammed, Godolphins founder, and John Magnier, the prime mover behind the Coolmore Stud, where Camelot will stand as a stallion, is well established. Camelot is not just any Classic-winning stud prospect. He has the potential to be one of Coolmores biggest money earners for the next 20 years, and ll the gap on the roster left by the premature death of his own sire, Montjeu, earlier this year. His failure to complete the Triple Crown when odds-on for the St Leger at Doncaster last month would be swiftly forgotten if he could add an Arc to his victories in the 2,000 Guineas and Derby, and now Dettori, Sheikh Mohammeds loyal employee, is the man who could make it happen. Dettori rode Scorpion to win the St Leger for OBrien and Coolmore in 2005, and spoke afterwards of how weird it felt to be wearing the dark blue Magnier silks rather than the royal blue of Godolphin. Relations between the worlds most powerful bloodstock operations deteriorated soon afterwards, however, as it became apparent that Sheikh Mohammed was avoiding horses sired by Coolmore stallions at the major yearling sales. Magnier, in turn, did not send any of his horses to Sheikh Mohammeds showpiece race meeting, the Dubai World Cup, for several seasons. In 2011, though, Cape Blanco, trained by Aidan OBrien and owned by Jim Hay, an associate of the Coolmore operation, contested the World Cup, and at this years meeting, OBrien saddled runners for core members of the syndicate. Nonetheless, the image of Dettori in the purple and white colours of the Coolmore syndicate member Derrick Smith could be one that will endure for many years to come. Scorpion ended up on Coolmores National Hunt roster, where the revenue is much more modest, but Camelot could be covering more than 100 mares per year for tens of thousands of pounds each for years to come. It is difficult to believe that Dettori wo u l d n o t h ave s o u g ht S h e i k h Mohammeds approval before agreeing to ride Camelot. Anything else would have been tantamount to handing in his notice at Godolphin. And like Magnier himself, who ran Camelot in the Leger for the sake of glory and tradition rather than prize money or stallion value, the Sheikh seems to have put racing needs rst by allowing Dettori to accept the booking. It may be a game played by hard-headed billionaires, but even in modern Flat racing, there is still room for the occasional sporting gesture.

Todays big races


4.40 Warwick Betfair 10 Furlong Flat Series Final Handicap (Class 3) 1m 3f 15,562
1 (12)540000 Fennell Bay (12) M Johnston 3 9.10 J Fanning 84 2 (4) 243611 Debating Society (29) Sir M Stoute 3 9.7 K Fallon 89 3 (16)611000 Chain Of Events (15) Mrs S Humphrey 5 9.6 J Crowley85 4 (9) 061204 Watts Up Son (16) D Carroll 4 9.4 N Farley (3) 82 5 (14)051132 Consider Yourself (38) A Carson 5 9.3 W Carson 88 6 (17)206224 Choral Festival (20) J Bridger 6 9.1 K ONeill 84 7 (7) 212504 Tidal Run (19) M Channon 4 9.0 C Bishop (5) 82 8 (5) 015220 Croquembouche (15) E De Giles 3 9.0 E Ahern 84 9 (10)421241 Spin Cast (19) B Ellison 4 9.0 D Swift 86 10 (8)450112 My Mate Jake (19) J Given 4 8.11 P Hanagan 88 11 (11)55341 High Resolution (10) Miss L Perratt 5 8.8 (6lb ex) T Eaves87 12 (3)0-3366 Ice Nelly (37) H Morrison 4 8.7 R Havlin 90 13 (1)000054 Mcbirney (19) P DArcy 5 8.7 M Barzalona 82 14 (2)206111 Enriching (19) Mrs L Pearce 4 8.4 J Quinn 87 15 (15)00043 Hurricane Hymnbook (19,C) W Musson 7 8.3 J Mackay85 16 (13)34660 Sangar (4) O Pears 4 8.3 M Lane 83 17 (6)121000 Hectors Chance (15,D) Mrs H Main 3 8.2 A Atzeni 86 Betting 4-1 Debating Society, 6-1 Enriching, 8-1 Spin Cast, 10-1 High Resolution, Choral Festival, 12-1 Watts Up Son, My Mate Jake.

Todays tips
Greg Wood Bangor
2.20 2.50 3.20 3.50 4.20 4.50 Im A Gangster Benheir Right To Rule Humbel Ben Too Generous Going Nowhere Fast

Top Form
Im A Gangster Benheir Right To Rule Henry San Too Generous Justazippy

5.10 Warwick Betfair Sprint Flat Series Final Handicap (Class 3) 6f 15,562
1 (14)222305 2 (12)614024 3 (13)-01053 4 (6) 264233 5 (2) 311211 6 (5) 100633 7 (9) 020000 8 (1) 121521 9 (4) 001043 10 (10)35205 11 (3)160105 12 (11)11036 13 (8)004000 14 (7)000264 My Kingdom (21,D) S C Williams 6 9.10 W Carson 86 Piddies Power (27,D) E McMahon 5 9.10 S Levey 84 Jade (14,D) O Pears 4 9.7 P Hanagan 85 Midnight Rider (26) C Wall 4 9.7 G Baker 89 Trojan Rocket (76,D) M Wigham 4 9.6 M Barzalona 89 Best Trip (12,C,D) B Ellison 5 9.6 B McHugh 90 Fred Willetts (41,D) D C Griths 4 9.6 W Buick 83 Cruise Tothelimit (19,D) I Williams 4 9.6 R Powell (3)87 Perfect Pastime (17,CD) J Boyle 4 9.6 S Sanders 84 Showboating (12,D) A McCabe 4 9.5 R Hughes 82 Jungle Bay (26) J Chapple-Hyam 5 9.4 T Durcan 83 Valmina (48,D) A Carroll 5 9.4 G Downing (5) 84 Rafaaf (55,D) R Eddery 4 9.2 A Atzeni 82 Barkston Ash (19,CD,BF) E Alston 4 9.2 J Hart (5) 85

Southwell
2.30 3.00 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.30 6.00 Art Form Stag Hill Hoofalong Palladius No Dominion Waking Warrior (nap) Mudhish Frederickthegreat Place That Face (nap) Mutual Regard Hoofalong La Sylphe No Dominion Strong Man Tiradito Ishiamiracle

Warwick
2.10 2.40 3.10 3.40 4.10 4.40 5.10 5.45 Ironically Danz Choice Magique Light Rose Herbalist My Mate Jake Midnight Rider (nb) Josies Dream Friendsinlowplaces Yourartisonre Magique (nb) Mariella Mundahesh Ice Nelly Best Trip Josies Dream

Betting 5-1 Best Trip, 11-2 Trojan Rocket, 8-1 Jade, Barkston Ash, Cruise Tothelimit, 10-1 My Kingdom, Piddies Power.

Wolverhampton
5.40 6.10 6.40 7.10 7.40 8.10 8.40 9.10 Hartwright Michaels Nook Expose Night Trade Marchwood Yeomanoftheguard Just Lille Fortunate Bid Millie N Aire Invigilator Cut Across Alnoomaas Marchwood Yeomanoftheguard Just Lille Fortunate Bid

Frankie Dettori has got the call from Coolmore to ride Camelot in the Arc

Best Trip nished strongly to take third place in the Bronze Cup at Ayr and though hes up 2lb for those travails, he is adept with cut in the ground and can take this pot. Trojan Rocket has won narrowly each time Mikael Barzalona has been given the leg up so another 2lb rise may not be enough to stop him going close. Perfect Pastime struck over this course in testing conditions but has struggled since.

Whos running today? Racecards, latest news, our tipping competition and live results online at guardian.co.uk/horseracing

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

37

Sport

Hamilton claims challenge of move to Mercedes will help him grow up


The driver has spoken for the rst time about the stress of leaving McLaren, writes Giles Richards
Lewis Hamilton has denied that his decision to switch teams from McLaren to Mercedes was for nancial reasons. The British driver, speaking for the rst time since signing a three-year deal with Mercedes that starts next season, was open about the challenge he faces with the German team but also said that he felt the split with McLaren was amicable and did not rule out a possible return to the team some time in the future. Speaking in Tokyo, ahead of this weekends Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, a relaxed Hamilton was happy to talk about the move. He will replace the seven-times world champion Michael Schumacher at Mercedes but, while previously tightlipped during negotiations, he has now revealed that his choice to leave the team was no easy task. It was hard. Really, really hard. It was very, very stressful and then there became a crunch time where there was pressure from the team. I had a couple of deadlines, I didnt meet any one of them. There was one deadline and we didnt do anything with it. We just went on to another deadline. But then the decision was made. It really, really was tough but once I made the decision I was so much more relaxed. The question of whether McLaren and their team principal, Martin Whitmarsh, were not willing to match Mercedes in salary terms, widely assumed to be a central bone of contention, was rejected by Hamilton, who asserted that money was not an issue in his decision. It was not about the oer, he said. I had two oers on the table which were very, very similar. Martin asked me what more they could have done. I said: To be honest, Martin, it was about the new challenge and a step that I wanted to make. He insisted this step was a considerable personal wrench, moving from a team with whom he has grown up and unsurprisingly has an emotional connection that will not be easily forgotten. I had to try and separate my emotions from the decision but it was very dicult to do, he said. I have got nothing but love for Martin. When you are with a team for so long you generally learn to love them. I think I will always have McLaren at heart even when I am driving for another team down the line. I will still have a bit of my heart that is McLaren. The driver also reected on what the move meant in terms of his personal development, above and beyond the expected possibilities for increasing his commercial potential that were widely

In brief

Cycling Landis must pay damages for allegations about UCI


Floyd Landis must pay Pat McQuaid and Hein Verbruggen, the current and previous presidents of cyclings world governing body, 10,000 Swiss francs (6,600) each after the disgraced Tour de France winner was found guilty of defamation by a Swiss court. The Eastern Vaud district court ruled that the American, stripped of his 2006 Tour title for failing a dope test, was forbidden to state that the UCI, Pat McQuaid or Hein Verbruggen have concealed cases of doping, received money for doing so [or] have accepted money from Lance Armstrong to conceal a doping case. It also said Landis was forbidden to state that the UCI are clowns ... are no dierent to Colonel Muammar Gadda, or to make any similar allegations. Reuters

We have an incredible relationship and I dont feel I am going out of McLaren through the back door
seen to be limited within McLarens corporate structure. I just know that everyone has to experience those things, working with new people and new environments, he said. That is just part of growing. Its my last step of independence I guess. In racing terms the most important part of that step is, of course, the question of whether Mercedes can give him a winning car. It seems unthinkable that he would have made the decision without some strong assurances of future improvements from the team principal, Ross Brawn. While acknowledging that both next years car and the current iteration (which scored the teams only win of their threeyear existence) were unlikely to challenge McLaren, he was condent that the silver arrows would deliver success. Brawn does have a superlative track record in building a race-winning team, proven during his time with Schumacher both at Benetton and when the pair brought Ferrari back to dominance in F1. I enjoy the challenge there trying to develop the car, Hamilton said. It was about Mercedes, a team which has not been that successful over the last couple of years but I know from past experience with them that they want to win. I know some of the greats have gone from a great car to not such a great car and have helped to develop a winning team. Michael [Schumacher], for instance, went from being a world champion to Ferrari. We havent really got any other driver in Formula One who is known for that. To have that as a challenge If that does happen, that would be amazing.

Cricket Rehman banned for 12 weeks after positive test


Somersets Abdur Rehman has been served with a 12-week suspension by the England and Wales Cricket Board after testing positive for cannabis. The 32-year-old Pakistan spinner failed a drugs test following a game with Nottinghamshire on 8 August. His ban will run to 21 December, meaning he is unable to full his Champions League Twenty20 commitments with Sialkot. Somerset County Cricket Club fully supports the action taken by the ECB, said Somersets chief executive, Guy Lavender. The club does not condone the use of illegal drugs in any circumstances. Rehman said: I apologise to my family, the PCB, the ECB, Somerset County Cricket Club, my team-mates and my fans. It was an error of judgment on my part that will cost me dearly and I would like it to be a lesson to all others in sports. PA Lewis Hamilton in Tokyo yesterday where he revealed a desire to emulate Michael Schumacher and help build a winning F1 team Yoshikazu Tsuno/ AFP/Getty images Indeed it would be, and something that fans would no doubt love to see, not just because it is, after all, a German team actually based in Brackley, Northamptonshire, but because for Hamilton to do so would be an extraordinary justification of his decision. He also said that regardless of what happens his move does not mean, for him at least, that driving for McLaren again is out of the question. We have an incredible relationship and I dont feel as though I am going out of McLaren through the back door, he said. I am going out the front door happily. The way I look at it is that I am walking over that bridge and down a dierent path. If that path brings me back then who knows?

How they stand


With six races to go Hamilton still has a chance to win the title Drivers championship 1 F Alonso Sp Ferrari 2 S Vettel Ger Red Bull 3 K Raikkonen Fin Lotus 4 L Hamilton GB McLaren 5 M Webber Aus Red Bull 6 J Button GB McLaren 7 N Rosberg Ger Mercedes Lotus 8 R Grosjean Fr 9 S Prez Mex Sauber Ferrari 10 F Massa Bra Pts 194 165 149 142 132 119 93 82 66 51

Remaining races Circuit Suzuka 7 Oct Japanese GP 14 Oct Korean GP Yeongam 28 Oct Indian GP New Delhi Yas Marina 4 Nov Abu Dhabi GP Austin 18 Nov United States GP Interlagos 25 Nov Brazilian GP

Murray makes light work of Lacko in Tokyo title defence


Tennis
Andy Murray dropped only three games as he brushed aside Lukas Lacko in less than an hour in the second round of the Japan Open. The British No1, the top seed and defending champion for the tournament in Tokyo, built on his straight-sets win over Ivo Karlovic on Tuesday with another convincing performance. Murray had spoken to the Independent about the improvement in his general play and mindset since winning his rst grand slam title at the US Open, his last tournament prior to this week. He said: Because winning a slam was so important to me I felt sometimes that I was focusing on the next slam rather than on every tournament and every match. Now I feel I can hopefully concentrate better throughout the year and not take my eye o the ball at any tournaments. That was in evidence as he broke to love in each of Lackos first two service games to race into a 5-0 lead in less than 20 minutes. The Slovakian staved o a love set at the last opportunity and made Murray work hard to serve out the set, but the Scot came through 6-1 in 25 minutes. Another break in the third game of the second set put him further in control and one more was to follow, Murray taking all four of his break points as he wrapped up a 6-1, 6-2 win. Murray will face Stanislas Wawrinka in the quarternals after the Swiss No2 won a three-set battle against Frances Jrmy Chardy. The rst two sets went to tie-breaks and the third looked to be heading the same way until Wawrinka recorded only the third break of the match to win 7-6, 6-7, 7-5. The third and fourth seeds, Janko Tipsarevic and Juan Mnaco, were in rstround action and both made progress. Tipsarevic had to come from a set down, the Serbian beating Gilles Simon 4-6, 6-3, 6-1. Mnaco had no such problems, cruising past the Bulgarian qualifier Grigor Dimitrov 6-2, 6-1. Meanwhile, Novak Djokovic wasted little time booking his place in the quarter-nals of the China Open as he brushed aside Argentinas Carlos Berlocq in straight sets. Playing his rst tournament since his defeat to Murray in the US Open nal, the world No2 broke his opponent six times on his way to a 6-1, 6-3 victory in one hour and 14 minutes. PA

Andy Murray dropped three games in beating Slovakias Lukas Lacko in the second round of the Japan Open

38

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Football Star-studded Under-21s could give Hodgson a minor headache


Daniel Taylor
Roy Hodgson has taken a calculated risk ahead of Englands next two World Cup qualifiers by leaving out several fringe players so they can take part in the Under21 sides European Championship playos against Serbia. Hodgson has decided he can do without Jack Butland, now Joe Harts rst-choice replacement in the senior side, for Englands match against San Marino at Wembley a week tomorrow, which is followed by a much more difficult assignment against Poland in Warsaw four days later. The England manager has also concluded that it is not necessary to involve Steven Caulker or Raheem Sterling if they can be of greater use for Stuart Pearces team in their two-legged play-o. Caulkers promising form for Tottenham Hotspur had led to him being tipped as the immediate beneciary after John Terrys announcement that he is retiring from international football. Instead, Hodgson has decided against calling up the 20-year-old despite already being short in defence because of injuries to Phil Jones, Chris Smalling and Martin Kelly, leaving England with only three centre-halves Joleon Lescott, Phil Jagielka and Gary Cahill unless there is a surprise inclusion when the squad is announced today. Stoke Citys Ryan Shawcross has been tipped as another possible contender, along with Steven Taylor of Newcastle United, at a time when Rio Ferdinands hopes of a recall seem faint in the extreme. Sterling was brought into the senior squad ahead of the 1-1 draw with Ukraine last month to reward him for his emergence this season at Liverpool, and Hodgson was keen initially to give him more experience of the senior set-up over the next couple of weeks. Pearce, however, has made a strong case that it would be better for Sterling to drop down a level and Hodgson has eventually decided that, long term, there would be more benets for the 17-yearold if he can help the Under-21s reach a major tournament. For Raheem to have an insight into the senior team is fantastic, Pearce said. Hes been in our development squads and has done extremely well for Liverpool, and credit to Brendan [Rodgers] who has given him his chance. We are pleased to have him. Roy and I have had a really good conversation in relation to my squad and he is more than aware of the Under-21s key players. Jack Rodwell, of Manchester City, is another who could have provided cover as a centre-back for Hodgson but has been included in Pearces 26-man squad, while Nick Powell of Manchester United and Andros Townsend of Tottenham get their rst call-ups. However, Hodgson and Pearce have not ruled out players being upgraded to the senior squad if there are any injuries with a full weekend of Premier League fixtures still to come before the San Marino match.

Bullish Borini insists goals will come for Liverpool


Europa League Andy Hunter
The Italian journalists at Aneld wanted to know what Fabio Borinis move to Liverpool said about the future of Serie A . What did it mean for Roma, the club he left behind, and his future with the Azzurri? All reasonable lines of inquiry from the strikers native media, yet ones that sounded overly dramatic and out of context with a edgling Liverpool career. If there are reservations about Borinis start at Liverpool they are not shared by the Italy striker or Brendan Rodgers, the manager who paid 10.5m to bring the 21-year-old to Merseyside. The forward has one goal in nine games for Liverpool and will seek to improve that return against Udinese in the Europa League tonight. Its just a matter of time for me, Borini said. The same thing happened last season. I scored one goal before October, then got injured for three months and after that I scored my second goal in January. From of a career that has had the disruption of playing for four dierent clubs Swansea, Parma, Roma and now Liverpool in the past 18 months. Rodgers worked with Borini at Chelsea and Swansea before spending 40% of his allocated transfer budget on the striker this summer. Fabio probably hasnt scored as many goals as he would have wanted to but, in fairness, I have been playing him in his No2 position, Rodgers said. He is better through the middle where you can see his qualities of moving in behind. Rodgers will ring the changes for the Europa League but has the insurance of Luis Surez and Steven Gerrard in the squad at Aneld. Daniel Agger, who played in the rout of Norwich on Saturday despite suering a fracture to his knee cap against Manchester United, is likely to be rested.
Liverpool (4-3-2-1, probable): Reina; Johnson, Carragher, Coates, Robinson; Henderson, Allen, Shelvey; Downing, Assaidi; Borini. Udinese (3-5-2, probable): Brkic; Danilo, Domizzi, Benatia; Faraoni, Pinzi, Fabbrini, Willians, Armero; Di Natale, Pereyra.

Fabio Borini has scored once for Liverpool since arriving from Roma

January until March I scored eight goals. In Swansea I scored six goals from March until May. The goals do come. The emergence of Raheem Sterling, Suso and Andre Wisdom has made it easy to forget Borini is also in the early stages

TV: ITV4, kick-o 8.05pm

Pardew calls on Newcastle to up their levels


Louise Taylor
Alan Pardew has instructed his Newcastle United players to raise their game as they prepare for two matches which seem poised to serve as a litmus test of the teams potential. Tonight Bordeaux, unbeaten in Frances Ligue 1, visit Tyneside on Europa League duty, and Sunday sees a reversion to the Premier League and the arrival of Manchester United. Theyre signicant games in terms of upping our levels, said Pardew, whose side have made a decent start to the campaign without ever quite hitting last seasons highs. We go in with a strong chance of winning both matches, but we need people playing at their maximums. So far weve been getting results without being at our best. According to Steve Harper, the reserve goalkeeper, Pardew read the riot act to his team following last Saturdays fortunate draw at Reading and has challenged Newcastles players to remind him what they are truly capable of. With Bordeaux having beaten Bruges 4-0 in their last group game it will not be easy this evening. Theyre favourites to top the group, said Pardew. But our fans will be taking this game seriously and we expect to win it. Our concentration levels will have to go up but this is a competition we want to do well in. Although Tim Krul, Fabricio Coloccini and Steven Taylor are injured, Pardew is likely to eld a slightly stronger side than he sent out in early Europa League xtures against Atromitos and Martimo. The only way we can keep people like Yohan Cabaye, who is one of the best players in Europe, Papiss Ciss, Cheik Tiot and Demba Ba here is to bring success to Newcastle, acknowledged Pardew. Thats what we are going to try to do. This competition is part of that.
Newcastle United (4-3-3, possible): Elliot; Simpson, Perch, Williamson, Anita; Bigirimana, Gosling, Ferguson; Obertan, Shola Ameobi, Marveaux Bordeaux (4-4-2, possible): Carrasso; Mariano, Henrique, Planus, Trmoulinas; Saivet, Plasil, San, Jussi; Diabat, Gouran

Stuart Pearce credited Roy Hodgson for allowing him to name a strong squad

TV: ESPN, kick-o 8.05pm

League set to examine Ridsdales role at Preston after disqualication as director


David Conn
The former Leeds United chairman Peter Ridsdale is to continue working as Preston North Ends chairman of football, despite being disqualied from acting as a director of any company for seven and a half years. Ridsdale was disqualied after a company he owned while working for Cardi City, WH Sports Group, went into liquidation in April 2009, owing 442,353 in unpaid tax and VAT. The disqualication bars Ridsdale from being a director and managing or controlling a company. Ridsdale joined Preston last December, appointed by the clubs major shareholder, Trevor Hemmings, a substantial property and horseracing businessman, as the investigation into Ridsdales aairs, by the Insolvency Service and HMRC, was continuing. Because there was the possibility he would be disqualied, Ridsdale did not become a director of Preston and both he and the club emphasised that he cannot sign any contracts or commit the club to nancial liabilities. Ridsdale said he acts as an adviser to Hemmings on the investment in Preston and that he informed the Football League of the pending disqualification proceedings before he took on his role. The league is now expected to examine Ridsdales responsibilities and authority at Preston in more detail, to be satised they are not, in practice, suciently senior as to breach the disqualication terms. Although he is not the chairman of the club itself, there is no chairman; there is a deputy chairman, David Taylor, one other executive director, Kevin Abbott, and three nonexecutive directors. Responding to his disqualication, the league said only: We are studying the judgment. Ridsdale, who has previously been involved at Plymouth Argyle, Cardi City and Barnsley, is most remembered as the chairman of Leeds when they collapsed nancially in 2002. Leeds were taken into administration by the directors chaired by Ken Bates in 2005, with HMRC owed approximately 7m. However the subsequent investigations did not result in disqualication proceedings against Ridsdale or any other Leeds director. WH Sports was Ridsdales own company, through which he was paid for his work at Cardi, where he worked from 2005 to 2010. When he became the clubs chairman in 2007, he was paid as an employee, and ceased trading through WH Sports. He told the Guardian he was seeking a settlement with HMRC of the money owed, when the Insolvency Service launched its investigation. I have been a company director for 30 years and have always sought to pay properly all money due, Ridsdale said.

Peter Ridsdale has been barred from acting as a director of any company for seven and a half years

Tottenham Hotspur Villas-Boas bemused by Europa Leagues critics


Andr Villas-Boas, right, has admitted he is baed by the Europa Leagues constant unpopularity in England. The Tottenham Hotspur managers career took o in 2010-11 when he won the competition with Porto, the climax of a season in which he claimed four trophies. He said in Greece ahead of his teams Group J game against Panathinaikos: I respect the competition. I think it is viewed as a punishment in England and I cannot understand why. Brad Friedel was the only t senior squad member not to travel. Emmanuel Adebayor (hamstring) is out. PA

Bournemouth Manager Groves leaves after defeat by Crawley


League One Bournemouth have parted company with their manager, Paul Groves, and his assistant Shaun Brooks. Groves had been the target of protests from fans over his sides poor form, including Tuesdays 3-1 defeat by Crawley. Harry Redknapp returned to the club as an unpaid adviser last month but reportedly rejected the chance to take over as manager. Bournemouths chairman, Eddie Mitchell, said: I would urge our supporters to recognise the time and eort that Paul and Shaun invested in the rst team and their unwavering determination to produce an attractive brand of football. PA

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

39

Football Champions League

Arsenal shift gears to cruise past Olympiakos


Kevin McCarra Emirates Stadium
Arsenal 3
Gervinho 42, Podolski 56, Ramsey 90

Olympiakos 1
Mitroglou 45

Arsenal made a couple of late substitutions in this Champions League match, but it was not a minor courtesy to the players introduced. It brought a welcome pause for the hosts before they secured the 3-1 score that leaves them with full points. Victory was thoroughly merited and could have come by a far greater margin, even if it did take until stoppage time for the substitute Aaron Ramsey to break clear and score the neat third goal. Olympiakos showed endeavour, although they have now been beaten in both group games. Arsenal had been unable to keep a clean sheet in any of their previous ve matches. Even when they scored half a dozen goals against both Southampton and Coventry City, the losers each found the net once. Little harm was done, but the results still hinted that the making of the team is an Arsenal project well short of completion. Irritation took another shape here when Arsenals command, to put it kindly, uctuated in the rst half. They took the lead in the 40th minute with a low drive by Gervinho from the edge of the penalty area after a tackle by Mikel Arteta had brought the opportunity. Just before the interval, though, Olympiakos equalised when Kostas Mitroglou got free of Laurent Koscielny to head home a delivery from Leandro. Wengers side normally seem cut out for the Champions League despite setbacks such as the visitors leveller here. In the seven years without a trophy, Arsenal came quite close to taking Europes greatest prize in club football. It would not have been deserved but for a long time the side held on to a lead secured after the early dismissal of their goalkeeper Jens Lehmann, but Barcelona produced late goals in that 2006 nal. Arsenal have seldom seemed quite so tenacious since, but there is expertise. Although there has been a partial overhaul of the team, the side sometimes looks as if the European scene is the setting in which they are most likely to flourish, even if Olympiakos did check them in the opening 45 minutes. It excites the club, sometimes excessively. Wenger was in the stands here because of the touchline ban he brought on himself last season for his confrontation with the referee Damir Skomina after Milan eliminated Arsenal. It is unlikely that he could have altered this contest immediately if had been allowed his place in the technical area. His judgment, all the same, was felt. In the alterations to the lineup following

Lukas Podolski celebrates Arsenals second goal on another successful evening in the Champions League Mike Hewitt/Getty Images

Group B
P W D L F A GD Pts

Arsenal Schalke Montpellier Olympiakos

Results Montpellier 1 Arsenal 2, Olympiakos 1 Schalke 2; Schalke 2 Montpellier 2, Arsenal 3 Olympiakos 1 Remaining xtures 24 Oct Arsenal v Schalke, Montpellier v Olympiakos 6 Nov Schalke v Arsenal, Olympiakos v Montpellier. 21 Nov Arsenal v Montpellier, Schalke v Olympiakos 4 Dec Montpellier v Schalke, Olympiakos v Arsenal

2 2 2 2

2 1 0 0

0 1 1 0

0 0 0 2

5 4 3 2

2 3 4 5

3 1 -1 -3

6 4 1 0

defeat here by Chelsea in the Premier League, there was no place for the centre-half Per Mertesacker, even on the bench where he had sat at the weekend. There was a rmness in such a decision when it involves a player with 82 caps for Germany. No one should suppose Wenger is a detached intellectual rather than an intensely engaged manager. It must have been agonising when there were no instructions to be given. Wenger would have yearned to communicate after the visitors might have scored in the 35th minute. Paul Machado was in position to connect with a cross from Jos Holebas, but merely lifted it over the bar. Arsenal were busy enough, but Olympiakos, already beaten in the group after visiting Schalke, were ready to take the risk of committing men into the attack. The hosts had to deal with that more rmly if this

occasion was not to introduce anxiety to Arsenals expectation of a simple advance to the knockout stage. There can have been few neutrals among the onlookers but this match could have been regarded as a pleasure by anyone who cared for excitement and unpredictability. The home supporters, however, took a more intense satisfaction when their side claimed a 2-1 lead. There was a mixture of insistence and quality when Gervinho linked with Santi Cazorla before the latters cross was
Arsenal 4-3-3 Mannone; Jenkinson, Koscielny, Vermaelen, Gibbs; Arteta, Cazorla, Coquelin; Oxlade-Chamberlain (Walcott, 71), Podolski (Ramsey, 80), Gervinho (Giroud, 80). Subs not used Shea, Andr Santos, Djourou, Arshavin. Olympiakos 4-1-4-1 Megyeri; Diakit (Ibagaza, 73), Manolas, Contreras, Holebas; Siovas; Fuster, Maniatis, Machado (Pantelic, 81), Greco (Abdoun, 67); Mitroglou. Subs not used Carroll, Modesto, Lykogiannis, Diogo. Referee S Moen (Nor).

blocked and the ball ran back for him to set up Lukas Podolski for a goal. The real trial for Arsenal had been the spasmodic nature of their work. Excuses could be made for the fact that Arsenal continue to be a work in progress after some recasting of the squad in a summer that included Robin van Persie leaving for Old Traord. Credit was due to Olympiakos. Perhaps they reckoned a successive consecutive loss would be irreparable, but not many teams would have challenged Arsenal with such vigour on this ground. Wengers men were still striving to make sure Olympiakos were kept at bay. Instead of calming a match that Arsenal must have expected to win with some ease, there was a need to marshall forces and protect the advantage. Negotiating this stretch in the path towards the last 16 was full of jeopardy and, indeed, fascination for the crowd.

Results
Football
UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE GROUP A P W D L F Porto 2 2 0 0 3 Paris St-Germain 2 1 0 1 4 Dynamo Kyiv 2 1 0 1 3 Dinamo Zagreb 2 0 0 2 0 Dynamo Kyiv (2) 2 Dinamo Zagreb Gusev 3 Pivaric 34og 55,898 Porto Rodrguez 83 GROUP B Arsenal Gervinho 42 Podolski 56 Ramsey 90 Schalke Draxler 26 Huntelaar 53pen 59,000 GROUP C P Mlaga 2 Milan 2 Anderlecht 2 Zenit St Petersburg 2 Anderlecht (0) 0 18,000 Zenit St Petersburg (1) 2 Hulk 45 Shirokov 49 18,000 GROUP D Ajax Moisander 56 45,000 (0) 1 W D L F 2 0 0 6 1 1 0 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 Mlaga Eliseu 45 Joaquin 57pen Eliseu 64 Milan Emanuelson 13 El Shaarawi 16 Hubocan 76og Real Madrid Ronaldo 42 79 81 Benzema 48 A Pts 0 6 2 4 3 1 6 0 (1) 3 (0) 1 Paris St-Germain 40,000 Olympiakos Mitroglou 45 60,034 (1) 2 Montpellier Ait-Fana 13 Camara 90 (1) 2 A Pts 0 6 2 3 4 3 4 0 (0) 0 NPOWER CHAMPIONSHIP P W D L F Cardi 9 6 1 2 17 Leicester 9 6 0 3 15 Brighton 9 5 2 2 15 Blackpool 9 5 1 3 19 Blackburn 9 4 4 1 16 Wolverhampton 9 5 1 3 13 Crystal Palace 9 5 1 3 14 Hudderseld 9 4 2 3 14 Leeds 9 4 2 3 17 Hull 9 4 1 4 15 Middlesbrough 9 4 1 4 14 Watford 9 4 1 4 14 Derby 9 3 3 3 15 Bristol City 9 3 2 4 18 Burnley 9 3 2 4 18 Nottm Forest 9 2 5 2 10 Barnsley 9 3 2 4 12 Bolton 9 3 2 4 12 Birmingham 9 3 2 4 10 Charlton 9 2 3 4 10 She Wed 9 2 2 5 14 Millwall 9 2 2 5 12 Ipswich 9 1 4 4 7 Peterborough 9 2 0 7 10 Middlesbrough (1) 2 Derby County Jutkiewicz 19 81 Robinson 16pen 13,377 Coutts 87 Nottm Forest 18,748 LEAGUE TWO Gillingham Port Vale Fleetwood Town Exeter Cheltenham Burton Albion Bradford Accrington Stanley (0) 0 Blackburn A Pts 10 19 9 18 6 17 12 16 12 16 9 16 14 16 11 14 16 14 14 13 16 13 16 13 13 12 17 11 18 11 10 11 14 11 14 11 16 11 12 9 20 8 18 8 17 7 17 6 (1) 2 Rochdale Torquay Rotherham Southend Northampton York Chestereld Oxford Utd Morecambe Plymouth Dag & Red Aldershot Bristol Rovers AFC Wimbledon Wycombe Barnet Bristol Rovers 5,747 10 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 10 9 10 (0) 0 4 4 2 14 3 6 1 14 4 2 3 17 4 2 4 13 3 4 3 14 3 4 3 15 2 6 2 13 4 0 6 14 3 2 5 14 2 5 3 11 1 5 4 11 2 2 6 10 1 4 4 6 2 1 7 11 1 2 6 8 0 2 8 5 Cheltenham Zebroski 39 12 16 11 15 13 14 12 14 13 13 15 13 13 12 21 12 17 11 14 11 14 8 16 8 15 7 23 7 15 5 20 2 (1) 1

Fixtures Football (6pm unless stated)


UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE GROUP A Anzhi Makhachkala v Young Boys (5pm); Liverpool v Udinese (8.05pm) ITV4 GROUP B Acadmica v Hapoel Tel-Aviv (8.05pm); Atltico Madrid v Plzen (8.05pm) GROUP C Borussia Mnchengladbach v Fenerbahce (8.05pm); Marseille v AEL Limassol (8.05pm) GROUP D Club Brugge v Martimo (8.05pm); Newcastle v Bordeaux (8.05pm) ESPN GROUP E Molde v VfB Stuttgart (8.05pm); Steaua Bucuresti v FC Copenhagen (8.05pm) GROUP F AIK Solna v Dnipro (8.05pm); PSV Eindhoven v Napoli (8.05pm) GROUP G Basle v Genk; Videoton v Sporting GROUP H Neftchi v Internazionale (5pm); Rubin Kazan v Partizan Belgrade (5pm) GROUP I Hapoel Kiryat Shmona v Lyon; Sparta Prague v Athletic Bilbao GROUP J Lazio v Maribor; Panathinaikos v Tottenham ITV4 GROUP K Metalist Kharkiv v Rapid Vienna; Rosenborg v Bayer Leverkusen ESPN GROUP L Hannover v Levante; Helsingborgs v FC Twente

(0) 0

(1) 3

(1) 1

BLUE SQUARE BET NORTH Corby (1) 5 Droylsden Moreman 2 75 90pen Moyo 46og Wedderburn 90 310

(0) 0

Tennis
ATP JAPAN OPEN (Tokyo, Japan) First round: J Monaco (Arg) bt G Dimitrov (Bul) 6-2 6-1; J Tipsarevic (Ser) bt G Simon (Fr) 4-6 6-3 6-1; S Wawrinka (Swi) bt J Chardy (Fr) 7-6 (7-1) 6-7 (6-8) 7-5; A Murray (GB) bt L Lacko (Svk) 6-1 6-2. ATP & WTA TOUR CHINA OPEN (Beijing, China) MENS Second round: Melzer (Aut) bt A Dolgopolov (Ukr) 7-6 (11-9) 2-6 6-1; F Mayer (Ger) bt M Copil (Rom) 3-6 6-3 6-2; N Djokovic (Ser) bt C Berlocq (Arg) 6-1 6-3. WOMENS Second round: P Hercog (Slo) bt E Makarova (Rus) 7-6 (7-5) 3-6 7-6 (7-3); M Sharapova (Rus) bt S Cirstea (Rom) 6-2 6-2. Third round: R Oprandi (Swi) bt A Ivanovic (Ser) 6-4 6-3; C Suarez-Navarro (Sp) bt J Jankovic (Ser) 7-5 6-4; M Bartoli (Fr) bt J Goerges (Ger) 6-3 7-6 (7-2).

Cricket
ICC WORLD TWENTY 20 FIRST SEMI-FINAL Sri Lanka v Pakistan, Colombo (2.30pm) Sky Sports 1

(0) 0

(2) 3

(1) 4

Manchester City (0) 1 Balotelli 90pen

Borussia Dortmund (0) 1 Reus 62 43,607

P 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9

W 8 6 6 6 5 5 5 5

D 1 2 2 1 3 2 2 2

L 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 2

F 20 23 16 20 12 19 16 14

A 7 12 8 14 10 14 11 10

Pts 25 20 20 19 18 17 17 17

Golf
ALFRED DUNHILL LINKS CHAMPIONSHIP St Andrews, Carnoustie and Kingsbarns (to Sun) Sky Sports 2 JUSTIN TIMBERLAKE SHRINERS HOSPITALS FOR CHILDREN OPEN Las Vegas, Nevada (to Sun) Sky Sports 3 LACOSTE FRENCH WOMENS OPEN Saint-Jean-de-Luz, Aquitaine (to Sun)

40

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Football Champions League Van Persie is unbelievable but dont forget what Rooney has done for club, says Evra
Jamie Jackson
Patrice Evra has insisted that Wayne Rooney should not be forgotten following Robin van Persies eye-catching start to his Manchester United career. The Dutchmans double in Tuesday evenings 2-1 win over CFR Cluj in the second Champions League group game took his count to seven in eight matches for United. Rooney started with Van Persie for the rst time since the Dutchmans 22m move from Arsenal in the summer, with the Liverpudlian creating both goals. After Sir Alex Ferguson greeted the pairs first performance in tandem by stating he hopes they can become a great partnership, Evra said: Robin van Persie and Wayne Rooney are both outstanding players. A lot of people were talking when Robin was playing on his own [due to Rooneys month-long injury] but people mustnt forget what Wayne Rooney has done for this club. He showed that when he came on against Tottenham [on Saturday] and he showed that against Cluj. I know they can play together but I am not the boss. I am really happy they are playing well. Evra believes Van Persies arrival has galvanised Rooney, who is yet to score for United in ve appearances this campaign. Wayne is working very hard and he is showing that he loves the club, that he is prepared to ght. Like everyone at the club you have to ght to play every game, the left-back said. I am happy for Manchester United, Wayne and Robin. When a new player comes then everyone is talking about that. But the players who were already at the club have to show they will never die. I always say its great to have that kind of player [Van Persie]. A lot of people are talking about Robin as, when he came, he scored four Wayne Rooney, back from injury, has not scored for Manchester United this season after ve appearances goals [in his rst three appearances] and was unbelievable. But dont forget Wayne and what hes done for the club. Hes a big, massive player and he looked sharp [against Cluj]. When someone new comes, everyone is excited and forgets the old things. Its why Wazza has to show everyone. Me too, everyone has to play their best to play for this team. Rooney has won four Premier League titles, the Champions League and two League Cups in his eight years at Old Trafford and Evra is surprised that this may have been forgotten. People criticise really easily, he said. I know they were only talking about Robin and I thought weve just got one striker! Weve got a lot of strikers. Robins an amazing player and thats good but everyone will want to show they can play with Robin or replace Robin. The star is the team not one player. Evra also admitted that United have got into a bad habit of falling behind in matches this season after Cluj initially took the lead. This meant Fergusons side have conceded rst in six of their nine matches, and the Frenchman said: Having to keep trying to come from behind is not a worry but it is a bad habit I would say. But we dont have to worry because we always have a positive reaction. United are at Newcastle United on Sunday for a xture they lost 3-0 in January. Last season up there was a disaster, Evra said. We played very badly. This year is going to be very important because we have already lost against Tottenham and we have to react. We had a meeting after that game at Newcastle last season because it was not the way we respect the shirt of Man United. After that I remember we just kept winning games.

A defence with a heart of glass grateful for class of Hart

But for their goalkeepers excellence Manchester City would have been well beaten, writes Paul Wilson

Roberto Mancini said Manchester City had to stop conceding easy goals, Yaya Tour agreed the defensive mistakes had to be cut out. Joe Hart wisely kept his opinions to himself on this occasion, though it was simple for anyone to work out that a team yet to keep a clean sheet this season and conceding at a rate of almost two goals per game would struggle to reach the heights of the last domestic campaign, let alone do justice to themselves in Europe. Once again paired with one of the most attacking sides in the Champions League in a group even more dicult than the one they entered as rookies last season, the champions of England really needed to hold out until half-time against the champions of Germany to give themselves any hope of a result that would help atone for the points thrown away so late in last months 3-2 defeat at Real Madrid. They accomplished that target reasonably impressively, for even though they were indebted to Hart for a string of wonderful saves there were chances at the other end that could and perhaps should have been taken. But when the deadlock was finally broken after just over an hour City once again had only themselves to blame. They made a defensive mistake and conceded an easy goal. Jack Rodwell was only on as a substitute following an injury to Javi Garca, but under no particular pressure in the middle of his own half he played a pass blind and paid the price. Marco Reus was on to it in a ash to prevent it reaching its target, and though Hart had performed miracles all evening even he could not keep this shot out. Despite Mario Balotellis late equaliser, this was far from the Champions League statement of intent City had been hoping

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

41

Manchester City win a penalty, left, after Neven Subotic handles the ball. It saved a game that seemed to be slipping away when Marco Reus scored, above. Vincent Kompany is left grounded by Robert Lewandowski, below right Main picture Martin Rickett PA

to make though they can only reflect that but for their inspired goalkeeper the damage could have been much, much worse. Just reaching the interval on level terms was no mean feat, since few visiting teams will turn up in Manchester with such a bold attacking strategy. Dortmunds plan was clearly to punch holes in the City defence right from the outset with a high speed yet precise passing game that at its best would bewilder even the most organised of defences, though the longer the home side held rm the more likely it appeared that the Germans would tire and be forced to drop their intensity.

Sure enough, Dortmund had slowed up just a little by the mid-point of the rst half. They still looked dangerous every time they went forward but in a more conventional sense. They had stopped zzing around like mustard-coloured reworks and City could not only cope with that, they could begin to make chances for themselves, principally through David Silvas close control and vision. Silva had already made an excellent chance for Sergio Agero in the opening minutes, only for the Argentinian striker to shoot against the goalkeeper. That was somewhat against the early run of play, but when the same thing happened when City were beginning to impose themselves around the half-hour mark, it began to look as though Ageros habit of shooting by instinct rather than looking up to see where the goalkeeper is positioned might prove expensive. Roman Weidenfeller proved equal to the eventual shot after Silva had played Agero clean through, though in point of fact he hardly moved, merely stood his ground, and saw the attempt rattle to safety o his shins. Agero proved he could do better with the goal in his sights when he almost opened the scoring with a shot from outside the area, only to be foiled when Weidenfeller arched backwards to tip the eort over his bar. If City were unlucky not to take the lead on the stroke of the interval when Silva could not adjust his feet in time to take advantage of Pablo Zabaletas cross to an unguarded far post, fortune smiled Manchester Citys Roberto Mancini, left, and his assistant David Platt

Group D
P W D L F A GD Pts

Real Madrid Dortmund Man City Ajax

2 2 2 2

2 1 0 0

0 1 1 0

0 0 1 2

7 2 3 1

3 1 4 5

4 1 -1 -4

6 4 1 0

Balotelli on spot for City


continued from page 44 can certainly be encouraged by the rst signs that David Silva is coming out of a loss of form and reasserting himself in the manner that made him, for at least the rst two-thirds of last season, a contender to be regarded as the outstanding footballer in the Premier League. The Spaniard was involved with Citys more promising moments here, with his appreciation of space and ability to play the killer pass. Three times inside the opening half an hour his delicate little passes dissected the Dortmund defence. The goalkeeper, Roman Weidenfeller, thwarted Agero twice, and Pablo Zabaleta, the wrong player in the right position, put the other chance over the crossbar. Yet there was plenty of evidence, too, about why Dortmund won last seasons Bundesliga. Certainly, they had not travelled to Manchester to play the role of sightseers, as became clear after 11 minutes when Robert Lewandowski latched on to Vincent Kompanys mistake and played in Mario Gtze for a shot that Hart
Manchester City 4-2-2-2 Hart; Zabaleta, Kompany, Nastasic, Clichy (Balotelli, 81); Garca (Rodwell, 34), Y Tour; Silva, Nasri (Kolarov, 57); Agero; Dzeko. Subs not used Pantilimon, Lescott, Milner, Tevez. Borussia Dortmund 4-2-3-1 Weindenfeller; Piszczek, Subotic, Hummels (Santana, 74), Schmelzer; Gundogan (Grosskreutz, 82), Bender; Blaszczykowski, Gtze (Kehl, 88), Reus; Lewandowski. Subs not used Langarak, Leitner, Schieber, Perisic. Referee P Kralovec (Cz).

Results Dortmund 1 Ajax 0, Real Madrid 3 Man City 2; Man City 1 Dortmund 1, Ajax 1 Real Madrid 4 Remaining xtures 24 Oct Ajax v Man City, Dortmund v Real Madrid 6 Nov Man City v Ajax, Real Madrid v Dortmund 21 Nov Ajax v Dortmund, Man City v Real Madrid 4 Dec Dortmund v Man City, Real Madrid v Ajax

on them seconds later when they were caught with too many men too far up the pitch and Hart again had to dive to prevent a goal when Ilkay Gndogan looked oddson to score. That was the only bit of truly naive defending by the home side in the rst half, and they got away with it. Maybe Mancini knew what he was doing when he requested his goalkeeper to concentrate on stopping the shots, because that is precisely what he did. Without Harts saves, City could easily have been two or three goals in arrears by the break. The eye-catching Mario Gtze, in particular, must have wondered what he had to do to score after being foiled again by Hart in the second half, and even the noisy and well-drilled Schwarzgelben support in the stand behind him were probably feeling the same way until Rodwells gamechanging error. Typical City really, even in Europe. They could have been thrashed, they could conceivably have won. What they did instead was lose concentration and leave themselves with an awful lot to do.

impressively turned against the outside of the post. By half-time Gtze could also reect on losing out to Hart in a one-on-one running in from the left, followed shortly afterwards by the England goalkeeper turning another of his shots on to the crossbar. City also lost Javi Garca to injury in the rst half and there were some fraught moments as their opponents nished the opening half strongly. The home side were indebted to Hart with another excellent save from Ilkay Gundogan on the stroke of half-time. A few moments earlier, Silva had volleyed over from inside the six-yard area but City were looking a little disjointed at that point and the rst nerves were descending on the home crowd. There were more anxious expressions on City faces early in the second half, when Jakub Blaszczykowski and Lukasz Piszczek combined on the right to carve out a chance for Gtze. Hart, however, produced another ne save. It seemed inevitable that a breakthrough would come and so it proved when Rodwell carelessly gave away possession inside his own half with a blind pass to Matija Nastasic. Reus read the midelders intentions, nicked the ball and accelerated away from Nastasic and Rodwell before beating Hart. There was no respite for City. Hart came o his line to deny Reus and seconds later the City keeper was making another brilliant one-handed save to turn Gundogans curling eort over the bar. There was another reprieve for City in the 76th minute when Gundogan delivered a wonderful cross that implored Lewandowski to score only for the Pole to inexplicably steer the ball wide. Balotelli was not so generous.

42

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

Cricket Brunt can be key player as women prepare for centre stage
Andy Wilson Colombo
Englands women are too good to be labelled a warm-up act, but they are nevertheless relishing their place in the supporting cast to Mahela Jayawardene, Lasith Malinga and the rest of the Sri Lanka mens team at the R Premadasa Stadium today. The womens tournament has moved up the coast from Galle to Colombo now that only four teams remain, and both semi-finals and Sundays final will be played before the equivalent xtures in the mens competition. England are in the rst of those games against New Zealand, and expect thousands of excited Sri Lankans to be in the stadium ahead of their subcontinental showdown with Pakistan. England have played at the Premadasa before, in a 50-over match against Sri Lanka back in 2005 from which only Charlotte Edwards, Sarah Taylor and Jenny Gunn survive in the current team. But New Zealands captain Suzie Bates believes the atmosphere could work in her teams favour. They have reached the last two World Twenty20 nals, a more consistent record than England, who won the inaugural competition at Lords in 2009 but failed to make the semis in 2010. I think were really lucky in that a number of our players played at the last World Twenty20 in the West Indies, said Bates, a hard-hitting 25-year-old from Dunedin who has taken over the captaincy from Aimee Watkins since that tournament. We were part of a nal there where we played after the men and had a reasonable crowd and the pressure of a nal. England is the No1 side in the world but any team is beatable, especially in Twenty20 cricket. If we can get a couple of early wickets, we can hopefully put them under some pressure. New Zealand will be worried about Englands seamer Katherine Brunt, player of the match when they met in the 2009 nal England will take nothing for granted against a White Ferns team who have an impressive sporting pedigree. Bates represented New Zealand at basketball at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, and Sophie Devine, a 23-year-old from Wellington, only narrowly missed out on selection for the hockey team at London 2012. Devine also played a starring role in giving Australia a real fright in that 2010 nal in Barbados, when New Zealand fell an agonising three runs short and therefore suffered their second consecutive nal defeat. But England would still seem to have every reason for condence going into the game. The White Ferns have already been beaten once in this tournament, and when they hosted England in a Twenty20 series last winter were on the receiving end of a 4-0 whitewash. England go into the game on the back of the most impressive of their three group victories, against Australia, and with key player Taylor in prime form after her match-winning half century. New Zealand will be especially wary of Katherine Brunt, the 27-year-old seamer picked out for praise by Taylor and whose Barnsley birthplace invites an irresistible comparison with Darren Gough. She was player of the match when England beat them in the 2009 nal at Lords. I have thought about that day a lot since we found out we were playing New Zealand in the semi-nal, she said. I want to go out there and do the same thing. I will visualise that game as I prepare for today. Hopefully some of their players will remember it too.

Pietersen back but the welcome will be without any open arms
Mike Selvey
England may need their best player but there are plenty in the dressing room seething at his behaviour
The fallout between Kevin Pietersen, his principal employers and his England teammates has been going on for so long, and so escalated has become the level of mutual contempt, that rather than an agreement having been reached, it appears more like an armistice, with direct hostilities halted but reparations to be made. The reinstatement of a world-class cricketer is, all things considered and they need to be a good thing, but to suggest that he will be welcomed back might be stretching things a little too far at this stage. Rather than the end of the saga, the signing of a new central contract is only the beginning. The rst four months of the contract are probationary. Somewhere along the line, the nature of the dispute has become twisted, so that by the end of the season, Pietersen was being portrayed in some quarters as a wronged party on a personal crusade against vengeful employers and bullying team members. The England team management, specifically Andy Flower and Andrew Strauss, has been characterised as weak and unprofessional, unable to handle an awkward character, and the administrators as incompetent. All of which is nonsense, for if there have been faults on that side and Flower admits that some things might have been handled dierently then they fall well short of those exhibited by Pietersen. It might be worth remembering the chronology of this. For three years, the supposedly incompetent management team had actually handled Pietersen and his ego, not to mention others that inhabited the dressing room, very well. It is what made them the success they have been. Then in May, Pietersen announced to Flower, without discussion or equivocation, that he had retired from one-day cricket but that he intended to continue playing Test matches and T20 internationals, although he wanted a say in which ones he actually did play in. It was pointed out to him that, under a clause in the contract he had signed one inserted precisely to prevent the sort of situation that Pietersen was creating he could not retire from one form of limitedovers cricket without doing so from the other. It was simply non-negotiable: an exception for Pietersen meant an exception for anyone else who wanted it, and the ECB, wishing to preserve the integrity of 50-over international cricket and its desire to compete strongly in the 2015 World Cup, is not prepared to do that. Pietersen played Test cricket during the summer, culminating in his memorable Headingley innings, in the aftermath of which he gave a series of unfathomably dumb self-serving interviews which so angered Strauss, who, waiting in the wings, overheard one of them, that he felt unable to participate in a joint press conference. It was around this time that the parody Twitter account in his name, which Pietersen appeared rst to see as a bit of fun, started to become an issue, with him suspecting it to be fuelled by malicious team members. Such a connection was denied although circumstantially he may have had grounds for thinking otherwise. The final breakdown, though, came with the revelation (instigated by the South Africans, who throughout the series, to their own end and his discomt, played beautifully Pietersens disaection with the team) that he had been sending to some opposition players BlackBerry messages unattering to Strauss and the team. He is now said to be at loggerheads with the South Africans. As part of his reintegration into the England team, however, the ECB has accepted Pietersens assurance that BlackBerry messages were provocative rather than derogatory. At the time, the repercussions with England were swift. He was dropped from the side for the nal Test of the summer at Lords, but prior to the announcement, having been specifically asked by ECB, who knew of his intention, not to do so at that stage, he released a video on YouTube in which he announced that he was, after all, available for England in all forms of the game. By that time, matters had gone too far simply to take him at his word, so erratic had been his decision making. Since then he has scored runs for Surrey, and, while continuous talks have been progressing, has enjoyed a lucrative stint as a commentator on the World T20 for ESPN Star for which he is understood to have received a truly staggering $2m (1.24m), a complicated deal tied up with image rights in India. S u c h i n f o r m at i o n is mostly pretty well documented, pieced together not from a leaky ECB as many would like to think (it is an incredibly anal organisation in this regard) but from responses to legitimate questions that anyone might be expected to ask. It was only during the past fortnight, though, that, as a result of a lengthy conversation with someone very closely connected to it all neither an ECB employee or administrator it should be said I discovered the true depth of the rancour created by Pietersen. During the 2011 season I was asked by Flower to present a cap to a debutant, and, to extrapolate from the address I gave the team, I reminded them that playing cricket for England was neither a meal ticket nor a sinecure, but a privilege. It seems prescient now. Unfortunately, it is the former that they detect in Pietersens motives. And it is how they see the motive behind his YouTube mea-a-bit-culpa U-turn. Pietersen, they believe, does not so much want to play for England as needs to, for his legacy in the game, which would come not from the Indian Premier League or international one-day cricket, but Test matches, for his prole and hence for his commercial interests for Pietersen does nothing without a commercial imperative. He has very lucrative personal endorsements which would surely depend on his profile internationally rather than just in domestic T20 tournaments. Perhaps too there was the realisation that those image rights in India, which with everything else may make him the highest earning cricketer outside that country, could only be enhanced signicantly by, successively, a global tournament in Asia, a Test tour of India and an ODI tour there as well. And overshadowing it all,

World Twenty20
Mens semi-nals Today Sri Lanka v Pakistan 2.30pm Tom Australia v West Indies 2.30pm Final Sunday 2.30pm Women semi-nals Today England v New Zealand 10am Tom Australia v West Indies 10am Final Sunday 10am All games in Colombo, times in BST

Rather than the end of the saga, the signing of a new central contract is only the beginning

The Guardian | Thursday 4 October 2012

43

Weather&Crossword

Vic Marks Next on the reintegration game, Giles and Kevin


Weve seen him on the telly, but here he was in real life. Kevin Pietersens suit was familiar, but perhaps there was not so much hair gel; certainly there were not so many smiles. He might have been going to a funeral. Clearly this was to be a sombre occasion. Instead of an impish Sourav Ganguly, Pietersen had Giles Clarke alongside him and their chemistry was not quite so obvious. Clarke did most of the talking and aimed for gravitas. He spoke so earnestly and solemnly of the reintegration process that any intruder from beyond the old commonwealth, who does not understand the beautiful intricacies of the game of cricket, might have assumed that Pietersen had, at the very least, stolen his grannys life savings. But Clarke also spoke of a forgiving society and civilised and sensible ethics, all of which sounded like good liberal stu. For a moment we had to check under the table for suede shoes just to conrm that this was indeed Giles doing the talking, rather than Ken. The ECB was in magnanimous mood. The silent Pietersen was obviously the beneciary of their generosity of spirit. Then Clarke mentioned the apology from the silent man to his left and it began to dawn on us all that no one was quite sure what Pietersen was apologising for any more. Apparently those texts were merely provocative rather than derogatory. Later Pietersen would clarify: he was apologising for the situation that has arisen over the last couple of months. After that enlightenment we were assured that the process of reintegration had begun. In fact there is nothing much new in the reintegration process. In another era after the odd falling-out cricketers would often

Weather forecast
UK and Ireland Noon
Shetland Islands
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Temperature () X Wind (mph) X Sunny Sunny intervals Showers

Summary
SE England, Cent S England, Channel Is Any early rain will clear to leave a mainly dry day with spells of sunshine and variable cloud. A gentle to moderate south-westerly wind. Max temp 13-16C (55-61F). Tonight, heavy rain moving east. Min temp 9-12C (48-54F). London, E Midlands, W Midlands, E Anglia, Lincolnshire, NE England, Yorkshire A mainly dry day with spells of sunshine, but there is the small risk of the odd shower. A gentle to moderate westerly breeze. Max temp 13-16C (55-61F). Tonight, heavy rain moving east. Min temp 5-8C (41-46F). Wales, SW England, NW England Sunny spells and the risk of a few showers. Showery rain will move in from the west during the evening. Moderate south-westerly winds. Max temp 1316C (55-61F). Tonight, spells of heavy rain. Min temp 6-9C (43-48F). NW Scotland, SW Scotland, W Isles, N Isles Sunny spells and scattered showers. Showery outbreaks of rain will edge in from the west towards the end of the day. Moderate winds. Max temp 10-13C (50-55F). Tonight, showery outbreaks of rain. Min temp 2-5C (36-41F).
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NE Scotland, SE Scotland A mostly dry day with sunny spells, although there is the risk of the odd shower. A gentle to moderate south-westerly breeze. Max temp 10-13C (50-55F). Tonight, showery outbreaks of rain. Min temp 3-6C (3743F). Northern Ireland, Ireland A few showers at rst, but showery rain will then spread eastwards reaching most areas by the end of the day. A moderate to fresh wind. Max temp 11-14C (5257F). Tonight, showery rain for a time. Min temp 4-7C (39-45F).

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UK and Ireland Five day forecast


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Atlantic front Noon today


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Lows T and U will move eastwards across the UK.

Around the world


C F Weather Ajaccio Algiers Amsdam Athens Auckland B Aires Bangkok Barcelona Beijing Belgrade Berlin Bordeaux Boston Brussels Budapest Chagen Cairo 23 28 13 25 15 14 32 25 23 20 19 20 22 15 19 15 29 73 82 55 77 59 57 90 77 73 68 66 68 72 59 66 59 84 Sunny Sunny Rain Sunny Showers Rain Sunny Sunny Sunny Fair Sunny Cloudy Rain Showers Sunny Sunny Sunny Cape Town 17 Chicago 21 Christrch 20 Corfu 27 Dakar 31 Denver 26 Dhaka 27 Dublin 11 Faro 25 Florence 19 Frankfurt 18 Funchal 23 Geneva 20 Gibraltar 21 H Kong 28 Harare 28 Helsinki 13 Innsbruck 16 63 70 68 81 88 79 81 52 77 66 64 73 68 70 82 82 55 61 Cloudy Fair Fair Fair Fair Fair Showers Showers Sunny Cloudy Cloudy Cloudy Fair Sunny Sunny Sunny Mist Sunny Istanbul Joburg Kmandu Kabul Karachi Kingston L Angeles Larnaca Lima Lisbon London Madrid Majorca Malaga Malta Melbrne Mexico C Miami 24 27 28 26 36 31 27 31 19 22 14 22 25 24 27 25 20 29 75 81 82 79 97 88 81 88 66 72 57 72 77 75 81 77 68 84 Fair Sunny Sunny Sunny Fair Fair Sunny Sunny Cloudy Sunny Sunny Sunny Sunny Sunny Sunny Sunny Fair Rain Milan Mombasa Montreal Moscow Mumbai Munich N Orleans Nairobi Naples New Delhi New York Nice Oporto Oslo Paris Perth Prague Reykjavik 22 29 18 13 31 19 26 23 24 33 19 22 20 12 18 18 18 5 72 84 64 55 88 66 79 73 75 91 66 72 68 54 64 64 64 41 Sunny Cloudy Cloudy Mist Fair Sunny Fair Fair Sunny Fair Rain Sunny Sunny Rain Rain Showers Sunny Sunny Rio de J Rome Shanghai Singapore St Pburg Stockhm Strasbg Sydney Tel Aviv 26 23 23 32 14 12 20 28 29 79 73 73 90 57 54 68 82 84 Fair Fair Sunny Fair Sunny Rain Cloudy Fair Fair Tenerife Tokyo Toronto Vancouvr Venice Vienna Warsaw Washton Wellton 25 22 19 13 21 20 13 21 18 77 72 66 55 70 68 55 70 64 Cloudy Cloudy Sunny Sunny Fair Sunny Rain Fair Showers

Giles Clarke, the ECB chairman, and Kevin Pietersen show a united front as the players new contract is announced in Colombo Philip Brown/Reuters

Pietersen assured us his son would represent England. Perhaps the ECB had insisted upon it
there is the belief that he regards the IPL not as a bonus, but as a primary income stream to be serviced through the England cricket team. It is in this climate that Flower now has the onerous task of somehow rehabilitating Pietersen into the group. The level of mistrust is so great that it will be one of his biggest challenges yet, for there are plenty who, for all he brings to the side in playing terms, would rather not see him in the dressing room again. To repair relations, Pietersen will make trips back to England from South Africa, where he is due to play for the Delhi Daredevils in the Champions League, and will meet with other senior England players. There is some growing up to do on both sides. We know that lawyers have been involved, to try to get round supposed threats of taking million-pound action for unfair dismissal and breach of contract should he not gain a new contract. According to Alexander Milner-Smith, employment associate in the Sports Group at Lewis Silkin LLP, such a move would have been both extremely unlikely and fundamentally lacks legal sense and substance, and that the ECB would have a stronger case, although nancially unprotable, for suing him for breach of contract instead. Rather it was presumably to ensure that he will not be able to attempt yet another volte-face without considerable penalty. The new captain, Alastair Cook while mindful of what has gone on and the eect it has had, and certainly no ones fool is rightly ambitious and will want the best side he can field. The new broom may help, but he will need to bring the dressing room with him for it to work. Independent resolution experts might yet be needed, as suggested here weeks ago. It is still messy. Pietersen is now expected to next appear in an England shirt as soon as November during the tour of India but the rst great test of his commitment will come in May when the home series against New Zealand clashes with the latter part of IPL. There may be peace in our time, but as yet, it is an uneasy one. come together and then they would get as reintegrated as parrots. And the following day a few of those rifts would be healed. Apparently it is not so simple now. This time the reintegration process may be as complicated as the London/Delhi air schedules. Pietersen looked rather more nervous reading out his prepared statement than he does when he is merrily ad-libbing with Ganguly or Dermot Reeve in the studio. He said that he was committed to completing the reintegration process and assured us that his son would be prepared to represent England when the time came. Perhaps the ECB had insisted upon that as part of the agreement: Pietersen Sr injuries permitting to be committed until 2015 World Cup; Pietersen Jr would be available until 2035 with the proviso that Andy Flower was happy to have the young man in the team. Once Pietersen had delivered his script it became apparent that the two men behind the table had, of course, been getting on famously after their two and a half hours of discussion before the press conference. It was Kevin and Giles, not Mr Pietersen and the Chairman. Things were looking up. Then there were questions, three of them to be precise, and those permitted to ask them had been handpicked by the ECB, who were not looking quite so liberal any more. Sky TV was followed by the Times and, just to ensure that Mr Murdoch did not have a monopoly, the Daily Mail. Michael Atherton, a jetlagged former England captain, looked on quizzically and enviously. How he would have loved to choose his interrogators at those interminable press conferences he so detested when he was in charge. But even young Atherton is now from a bygone age. He recalled how even in his time tricky characters were occasionally pinioned to the dressing room wall and told their life story before everyone retired to the pub. How Neanderthal.

Sun & Moon


Sun rises Sun sets Moon rises Moon sets Last Quarter 0706 1831 2024 1141 08 October

Guardian cryptic crossword


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Across
1 Gun from the right American star (7) 5 Initially postmaster general goes back and forth for sh (7) 9 Gag expert (5) 10 Ideal song slipping by (9) 11 Room temperature in Burgundy (10) 12 wine required for tasting (4) 14 Large fake with small checks (11) 18 Girl boycotts stamps (5,6) 21 on 16 letters (4) 22 Providing enough for everybody to be buried (5,5) 25 False alarm? Lets be suspicious (5,1,3) 26 African expression of disapproval is retracted (5) 27 Thaw providing running water outside holiday home? (7) 28 Composer accepting very English port (2,5)

10

11 13 14 16 18 17 15

12

19 21 24 25 26 22 23

20

27

28

No 25,758 set by Orlando

5 Windy cities got wrapped up in themselves? (9) 6 Pins with 11 (4) 7 Skipping over the Alamo, say (8) 8 Least current not unknown when recollecting Tyne and Tees (8) 13 Without interruption? Only in exceptional circumstances (2,1,7) 15 Victorian singer not nished with vessel in old European capital (9) 16 Resurrected community centre cracked up (8) 17 Sailors from Cowes may be audacious (8) 19 Swedish kings air force supplied with Avro Vulcans, originally (6) 20 Extremely awkward, failing to get tips (6) 23 Wood that is abandoned somewhere in Africa (5) 24 Not nishing side dish (4)
Solution No. 25,757

Down
1 Florid Milne character has caged bird lacking tail (6) 2 Split Indian state, oddly weary (2,4) 3 Very hard match can start in Oval (4,5-1) 4 Ace in commotion for part of ight (5)

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F A R C HO H G I M I L N L E T E H SWE T T E T H N R D R O O A N A T

O R E I G A D R I Z O T L T A T I O S S R E P S E T T OO I R I C B E K I P L E T E A U R A L T

NO F F I C E O U N U MA T A DO R I I E O N L A C E S E I E C E N T A N C E Y T P T H WA I T R S I A TMU S I C C E A I HO L D U P S E E L M A L E N T

Thursday 04.10.12

It was hard. Really, really hard. It was very, very stressful and then crunch time me
Lewis Hamilton on his decision to leave McLaren, page 37

guardian.co.uk/sport

Arsenal 3 Olympiakos 1 Podolski on target again to re Gunners Page 39

Pietersen to clear air with players before England return


Batsman could play in Tests against India
Andy Wilson Colombo
Kevin Pietersen is expected to return to the England team for the four-Test tour of India in November after spending much of the next month ying back and forth from the Champions League Twenty20 competition in South Africa to hold clear-the-air meetings with the other players and the management as part of a reintegration process announced here yesterday. Andy Flower, the England team director who has been left as unimpressed as anyone by Pietersens behaviour for much of the summer, has agreed to manage the process and is thought to have decided that if the errant star is to be welcomed back into the fold, there is no point in delaying. Pietersen has therefore been oered a new 12-month central contract by the England and Wales Cricket Board, but only if the reintegration process is successful. Initially, the deal which the ECBs chairman, Giles Clarke, said was signed only yesterday morning runs for four months, to cover the Test series and two Twenty20 internationals in India before Christmas, and a one-day series in January. At a press conference in a function room at the Cinnamon Lakeside hotel a location which had been kept secret until the last minute to limit the numbers in attendance Pietersen apologised to my teammates, all the England supporters and the ECB for the situation that has arisen over the last couple of months. But crucially the ECB has accepted his insistence that he said nothing derogatory about the then England captain Andrew Strauss in the BlackBerry messages he sent to members of the South Africa team during last summers series which cannot be retrieved for proof. Pietersen accepts they were provocative, but stressed that at no time did I ever share tactical information. Asked directly how the situation had spiralled out of control to such an extent that England went into the third Test against South Africa last August and then the ICC World Twenty20 without their best batsman, Pietersen said: Look, Im here today to talk about going forward. For various reasons I dont want to go into other issues. Its just a case for us to look forward, to move forward and to not delve into whats gone on. Its a private matter. Im fairly happy that were able to move forward. Its been a horrible situation for all involved and Im just glad that were here today drawing a line under everything. I am entirely committed to completing the reintegration process we have agreed over the coming weeks, and resuming my England career in all formats hopefully until the World Cup in 2015 as long as my body allows. I want my son growing up seeing me playing for England, and I hope that one day he will put an England shirt on himself. After completing his media commitments at the World Twenty20 on Sunday, Pietersen will y to South Africa to link up with Delhi Daredevils, his Indian Premier League employers. But he has agreed to make a number of trips to England during windows in the tournament, which runs throughout October, to hold further meetings with Flower and senior players. Pietersen may not be able to join Englands pre-tour training camp in Dubai because of his Delhi commitments, for which he has been given a no-objection certicate by the ECB as tangible evidence of the thaw in relations. In that case he would link up with the squad in Mumbai, where they play the first of three fourday preparation matches before the rst Test begins in Ahmedabad on 15 November. He would be added to the squad rather than replacing one of the batsmen already selected, partly because Ian Bell is expected to miss the second Test when his wife is due to give birth. I want to play for England as soon as I can, Pietersen said. Were all human, we all make mistakes, Ive apologised for them and its time to look forward and hopefully have a successful time.

Mario Balotelli gestures at Dortmunds goalkeeper, Roman Weidenfeller, after scoring a late penalty Alex Livesey/Getty

Balotelli keeps lucky Citys hopes alive after Harts wonder show
Stuart James Etihad Stadium
Manchester City 1
Balotelli 90

Inside There is the belief that Pietersen regards the IPL onus not as a bonus but ary as a primary ream income stream iced to be serviced he through the eam England team ey Mike Selvey Page 42

B Dortmund 1
Reus 61

On a night when Manchester City never looked comfortable, Mario Balotelli showed some composure when it mattered most to convert a 90th-minute penalty that provided Roberto Mancini and his players with a lifeline. It was a reprieve that City barely deserved at the end of an evening when Borussia Dortmund were entitled to depart nursing a sense of injustice after they outplayed their opponents for long

periods and would have been out of sight but for an inspired display from Joe Hart. Time and again the England goalkeeper came to Citys rescue to keep them in a game that was slipping from their grasp when Marco Reus capitalised on a mistake from the substitute Jack Rodwell to give Dortmund a deserved lead. Hart made several fine saves to deny the German champions a second goal and the value of his contribution became clear when Pavel Kralovec, the Czech referee, harshly adjudged that Neven Subotic had handled Sergio Ageros shot in the closing stages. Balotelli, a late substitute, did the rest, calmly rolling his penalty into the bottom corner to leave Dortmund crestfallen.

City managed 10 points in the Champions League last season and still went out and it is no exaggeration to say they could not afford another unproductive night. Their next opponents, Ajax, are the Dutch champions. Beyond that, City have the small matter of a return game against Real Madrid, plus a trip to Dortmunds Westfalenstadion in their nal assignment of an unforgiving group. If Mancinis men are to qualify for the knockout phase they are going to have to discover the kind of authority that has not always been there since they set about trying to make their presence felt in this competition. They Continued on page 41

Dettori makes surprise switch to ride Camelot for Coolmore in Arc


Greg Wood
Frankie Dettori, the No 1 jockey with Sheikh Mohammeds Godolphin racing operation, will ride Camelot, the Derby winner, for the rival Coolmore Stud syndicate in Sundays Prix de lArc de Triomphe, the most prestigious race of the European season. Dettori will replace Joseph OBrien, the son of Camelots trainer Aidan OBrien, who has ridden the colt in his six previous races, most recently when he suered the rst defeat of his career in the St Leger at Doncaster. OBrien, who is 6ft tall, is unable to make the required weight of 8st 11lb, and will ride his fathers St Nicholas Abbey in the Arc instead. Dettori has been one of international racings leading jockeys for nearly a quarter of a century, but his close association with Godolphin had made him seem an unlikely choice for the ride on Camelot. Sheikh Mohammed, Godolphins founder, and John Magnier, the senior figure in the Coolmore syndicate, are fierce rivals in both the racing and breeding of thoroughbreds, and victory in Sundays race could add many millions of pounds to Camelots value as a future stallion. Camelot was unbeaten prior to his defeat in the St Leger last month, when success would have made him the rst horse since Nijinsky in 1970 to complete the Triple Crown of wins in the 2,000 Guineas, Derby and Leger. Victory in the Arc, Europes most valuable race, would lift his career earnings to nearly 4m. Frankie Dettori, No1 rider for the Godolphin stable, will ride Camelot in the Arc for the yards biggest rivals, Coolmore Dettori has ridden in the last 24 runnings of the Prix de lArc de Triomphe, but was in danger of missing out on Sundays race until the call arrived from OBriens Ballydoyle stable. What an opportunity and honour to be asked to ride the Guineas and Derby winner in the Arc, Dettori said yesterday. Lets hope the horse is in tip-top shape. Its been a pretty long season now but if the Camelot we know turns up, he should have a very good chance. He came into his own in the Derby when he ran over [the Arc distance of] a mile and a half. He spreadeagled the eld. The Arc will be his absolute cup of tea. Camelot will be racing against horses from outside his own generation for the rst time, while his defeat in the St Leger, for which he was the long odds-on favourite, will also concern backers. However, the D ettori factor could mean that he starts favourite at Longchamp, ahead of the Japanese-trained Orfevre. British bookmakers currently make Orfevre the narrow favourite at 3-1, but Camelot is just half a point behind him in the market on 7-2, and money is likely to arrive for the Derby winner throughout the run-up to Sundays race. Racing, page 36