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The Real India

Compiled from Census of India 2001 & India Today, July 28, 2003 (pp 34-42) & CIA World Fact Book 2007-08

The Shining India Part

Overall Economic Estimates


Gross Domestic Product (PPP) Gross Domestic Product (Official) Per Capita Income (PPP) Per Capita Income (Official) GDP Sectoral Composition
Agriculture Industry Services : : : 17% 28% 55%

: : : : :

$ 3.54 Trillion $ 1.10 Trillion $ 3,100 $ 974

#5 #164

Total Labour Force : Labour Force by Sectoral Composition


Agriculture Industry Services : : : 52% 14% 34%

467 million

#2

Unemployment Rate Population below Poverty line Inflation Rate

: : :

10.7% 25% 10.9%

#121 #196

Overall Economic Estimates


Electricity
Total Production : Total Consumption : 724 Billion KWh 568 Billion KWh 3.72 million bpd 2.67 million bpd
32.85 billion cu m 42.99 billion cu m 36.76 million 545 million : : : :

#6 #6 #6 #6
#25 #19 #7 #2

Oil
Total Production : Total Consumption :

Natural Gas
Total Production : Total Consumption :

Telephones
Total Land Lines : Total Mobile Phones : Radio Broadcasting Stations Television Broadcast Stations Internet Hosts Internet Users

149 (AM) + 171 (FM) + 54 (SW) 1400 3.611 million #22 81 million #4

Overall Economic Estimates


Airports Heliports Railway Lines Roadways Waterways Merchant Ships : : : : : : 349 37 64,015 km 3,320,410 km 14,500 km 501

The Not-So-Shining India Part

Census 2001 Background


Fieldwork conducted April June 2000 Covered 593 Districts in 35 States and Union Territories No of Fieldworkers: 2 million Conducted by Census Bureau of India The most authentic source of data about India

Population Parameters
Population Estimate 2001 Population in child age (0-6) Population in young child (7-20) Population in working age (21-60) Population in Aged (>60) Number of people / sq. km:
All India Delhi Arunachal Pradesh : 324 : 9294 : 13 : 933 : 1058 : 773

: 1027 mn people : 154 mn (~ 15%) : 411 mn (~ 40%) : 402 mn (~ 40%) : 60 mn (~ 5%)

Sex Ratio (Females / 1000 males):


All India Kerala Chandigarh

Household Statistics (1/2)


Total Number of Families Total Number of Buildings : 192 mn : 249 mn

Residential Households: Shops & Offices: Residence cum Other Use: Place of Worship Factory, Workshop etc. School, Colleges etc Hospital, Dispensary etc. Hotel, Lodge. Guest House etc Other Non-Residential Use

179.0 mn 13.3 mn 7.8 mn 2.4 mn 2.2 mn 1.5 mn 0.6 mn 0.5 mn 25.0 mn

(76.8%) (5.7%) (3.4%) (1.0%) (0.9%) (0.6%) (0.3%) (0.2%) (11.0%)

Residential House = Residential Household + Residence cum Other Use

Household Statistics (2/2)


Average Number of people per house: 6
Live in Pucca House Live in 1-room House House with concrete roof House with Bathroom Have a Kitchen Base(million houses) Married couple who do not Have Independent Room Urban 79% 35% 44% 70% 76% 54 32% Rural 41% 40% 12% 23% 59% 137 42% All India 52% 39% 21% 35% 64% 191 40%

Access to Amenities (1/2)


Drinking Water:
118 mn households do not get drinking water at Home 61 mn households draw water from community taps or hand-pumps 5 mn households depend on rivers and lakes for drinking water

Electricity:
88% urban households have access to electricity 44% rural households have access to electricity 43% of all households use kerosene to light up their homes

A house being electrified is defined as a house which has electrical point and gets at least 4 hours of electricity per day

Access to Amenities (2/2)


Cooking Fuel Source of Cooking Fuel are as follows:
Firewood LPG Crop Residue Cow-Dung Cake Kerosene Others 52.50 % 17.50 % 10.00 % 9.80 % 6.50 % 3.50 %

48% of urban houses use LPG 6% of rural houses use LPG

Labour Markets
Total Workers Addition to labour force per year
% of women in labour force % of informal workers % of in unorganized sector

: :
: : :

467 million 10 million


26% 42% 86%

Average years of schooling % of people earning < Rs. 20 a day Self Employed people
Urban India Rural India

: : :
: :

3.9 years 80%


45% 60%

The Top 10 Cities in India


Source : NCAER 2008 Survey
Top 5 Cities
Surat Chandigarh Mumbai Delhi Ahmedabad

Annual HH Income
Rs. 4,57,000 Rs. 4,22,000 Rs. 4,03,000 Rs. 3,37,000 Rs. 3,28,000

MHI
Rs. 38,000 Rs. 35,160 Rs. 33,580 Rs. 28,080 Rs. 27,330

Next 5 Cities
Jaipur Jalandhar Chennai Bangalore Nagpur

Estimates of these cities are not available Surats Annual Household Income is approximately twice as much of India