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ROPA

40.020

ROCKET OBSERVATIONS OF PULSATING AURORA DESIGN REVIEW EXPERIMENTERS PACKAGE


UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE DARTMOUTH COLLEGE CORNELL UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS

REV A0

1.0 Introduction and Science Objectives


The purpose of the Rocket Observations of Pulsating Aurora sounding rocket mission is to investigate various aspects of pulsating aurora, including the spatial distribution of patches during a pulsating event, Characteristics of electrons and ions associated with these patches, current closure in a pulsating patches and the convection electric field and its possible relation to drifting patches. The mission has two main objectives 1) to acquire large-scale, topside images of a pulsating auroral region for comparison to other in-situ data and to optical data from ground observations and 2) to investigate current closure associated with pulsating patches. The proposed launch site is Poker Flat, Alaska, which will take advantage of a ground-based imaging effort provided by the University of Alaska. Consistent with the broad objective of this mission to obtain information about pulsating aurora over an extended region, ROPA incorporates the use of two Fly Away Detector (FAD) subpayloads. Each FAD will include a science-grade magnetometer, a GPS receiver and a HEEPS (tophat) electron detector. The FADs will incorporate small rocket motors to achieve separation velocities of a minimum of ~15-20 m/s to provide simultaneous, multipoint observations with separations the order of 7-10 km (a significant fraction of typical patch sizes) at apogee. Aside from the FADs, the main payload will host an imager filtered at 558 nm, another imager at 428 nm, a solid state electron detector, an electron HEEPS and an ion HEEPS. A subpayload, to be separated at minimal separation speed, will contain a Cornell Wire Boom Yo-yo (COWBOY) system to acquire electric field measurements, a science-grade magnetometer and GPS receiver. The collaborators for this experiment are the Principal Investigator, Marc Lessard (University of New Hampshire), who is responsible for the overall mission and specifically the imagers and solid state instrument, Co-Investigators Kristina Lynch (Dartmouth College), responsible for the ion and electron HEEPS particle measurements, and Paul Kintner (Cornell University),who is responsible for the electric field measurements. Magnetic fields are measured through a joint Dartmouth/ Cornell effort on the FADs, and by Cornell alone on the COWBOY. Various aspects of this suite of instruments have been flown before. For example, the COWBOY payload, the HEEPS Ion instrument on the main payload, and the science magnetometers are all proven instruments. Two recent payloads, SERSIO and CASCADES, also contained auroral imagers provided by the PI, but neither of these missions were successful.

2.0 Payload Instrumentation and Sub-Systems


The following section details the payload contributions of each of the institutions. 2.1 University of New Hampshire Instrumentation 2.1.1 Imagers The University of New Hampshire will provide two imagers that will be mounted along the field of view spin axis within the main payload.

One imager will be designed to measure 4278 Angstrom emissions while the other will accommodate emissions in the range of 5577 Angstrom. The imagers will have the following characteristics E2V/L3Vision CD-97, High sensitivity CCD array (512X512) Custom CCD readout circuitry and 10 bit analog to digital conversion(developed by UNH) Custom compression module. Direct digital parallel interface to WFF PCM encoder (developed by UNH) Ground support for real time decoding and decompression of CCD data Mechanical despin of image

2.1.2 Solid State Detector The University of New Hampshire will provide a solid state detector to measure electrons with energies in the range of 20keV to 300keV Ortec Solid State Detector Data binned to 64 levels Acceptance of approximately 30 degree cone 2.1.3 ERPA The University of New Hampshire will provide an ERPA (Electron Retarding Potential Analyzer) for measuring thermal electrons. 2.2 Dartmouth College Instrumentation 2.2.1 Fly Away Detectors (FADS) The FLY Away Detectors will be designed to eject perpendicular to the spin axis of the payload early in the flight. The FADS will have the following instrumentation/characteristics: Cornell GPS receiver module and acquisition module Billingsley TFM100 3 axis magnetometer HEDF Top Hat Electron Detector (with deflectable aperture) 6 18KEV in 32 one msec energy steps 30 pitch angle bins WFF PCM Encoder WFF Battery Pack WFF RF transmitter and GPS/TM wrap around antenna

2.2.2 Main Payload Ion and Electron Detector HeBig New larger mechanical footprint Measures higher energy range Not Deflectable HI Ion Heeps Detector Measures 6eV to 800eV 16 bit digitization of WFF provided magnetometer 2.3 Cornell University Instrumentation

Science magnetometer on rigid mount (no deployment). COWBOY (Cornell Wire Boom Yo-Yo) E-field booms with damper system 12 meters tip-to-tip booms DC/VLF/HF E-field plasma wave instrument (DC to 5 MHz). COUGAR GPS receiver for 5 meter positioning and 1 PPS timing. MEMS Gyro for Attitude Determination.

2.4 Ground Based Imaging 2 Narrowfield cameras (one at 558nm and one at 428nm) real-time tracked to payload footpoint at Fort Yukon Poker narrowfield and all-sky cameras

3.0 Subsystem Responsibilities


The tables below allocates the responsibilities associated with each of the subsystems for the rocket.

MAIN PAYLOAD RESPONSIBILITIES


Subsystem DESCRIPTION UNH DARTMOUTH CORNELL WFF

IMAGERS IMAGERS IMAGERS IMAGERS IMAGERS IMAGERS SOLID STATE DETECTOR SOLID STATE DETECTOR ELECTRON DETECTOR ION DETECTOR ELECTRON/ION DETECTOR ELECTRON/ION DETECTOR ELECTRON/ION DETECTOR TM

CCD ARRAY OPTICAL PATH COMPRESSION MODULE PCM INTERFACE DESPIN ASSEMBLY BAFFLE ASSEMBLY DETECTOR DEVELOPMENT DETECTOR ENCLOSURE INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY INSTRUMENT ASSEMBLY BOOM DESIGN BOOM FABRICATION BOOM RELEASE PCM ENCODER

TM TM ACS HORIZON SENSOR NOSECONE MAGNETOMETER SKINS, DECKS, STRUCTURE

TRANSMITTER WRAP AROUND ANTENNA INTERTIAL BASED

NOSECONE ASSEMBLY MAGNETOMETER

SUBPAYLOAD RESPONSIBLITIES
Subsystem DESCRIPTION UNH DARTMOUTH CORNELL WFF

COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY

EJECTION SYSTEM POWER/TIMER/PYRO ASPECT MAGNETOMETER HORIZON SENSOR PYRO RELEASE MECH ROTATION ANGLE MONITOR PCM ENCODER GPS/SBAND WRAP AROUND ANTENNA GPS RECEIVER GPS PREAMP TM TRANSMITTER BATTERY SYSTEM ERPA MEMS GYRO

COWBOY ASSY

COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY COWBOY ASSY

FLY AWAY DETECTORS


Subsystem DESCRIPTION UNH DARTMOUTH CORNELL WFF

GPS GPS

GPS RECEIVER GPS PREAMP

GPS/TM GPS/TM WRAP AROUND ANTENNA GPS RE-RAD OR DISCONNECT CABLE EJECTION MECHANISM HEEPS ELECTRON DETECTOR ASSEMBLY (HEDF WITH DEFLECTABLE APERTURE) HEEPS ACQUISITION, GPS AND MAGNETOMETER ELECTRONICS MAGNETOMETER BILLINGSLEY TDM100 TM GPS/SBAND WRAP AROUND ANTENNA TM PCM ENCODER TM TM TRANSMITTER SKINS,DECKS, STRUCTURES BATTERY SYSTEM SUN SENSOR ROCKET MOTOR AND SPRING RELEASE DESIGN

4.0 Heritage of the Sounding Rocket Experiment


ROPA INSTRUMENT/EXPERIMENT DARTMOUTH HEEPS (MAIN)* DARTMOUTH FAD HEEPS (HEDF) CORNELL B FIELD DARTMOUTH BFIELD (FADS) CORNELL E FIELD CORNELL HF EFIELD CORNELL DC/VLF EFIELD CORNELL GPS RECEIVER CORNELL COWBOY YO-YO DARTMOUTH PFF ASSY UNH IMAGERS * SOLID STATE DETECTORS CASCADES 40.017 SERSIO 35.035 SIERRA 40.014 CAPER 40.012 Phaze2 40.010 WIPP

There are two HEEPS detectors used on the main payload. The HEEPS Ion detector has the design heritage detailed in this table. The new HeBig electron detector is a new design which will be flown for the first time this mission Imagers were implemented for 40.017 and 35.035 but have yet to be proven in flight

4.1 Special Testing Required The following list details tests needed above and beyond standard testing during integration. We anticipate that the majority of these tests would be performed prior to the start of integration. 1) Initial FADS deployment testing (with dummy payloads) 2) FADS deployment test 3) Initial end to end video testing. Through CCD acquisition system, through PCM stack, through telemetry and decoded Ground support hardware in real time 4) Imager despin test 5) Cornell MEMs gyro test 6) Pre-vibration test of the imager experiment 7) Magnetometer calibration 8) Magnetic Cleanliness assessments of various payload subsystems through design and fab phases. Includes ACS nozzles, STAR motor casing and parts of FADS structures and subsystems. 9) FAD balancing and symmetrization

5 Mechanical Systems

5.1 Booms -- Antennas There will be two deployable elements on the main payload consisting of a short boom supporting the Dartmouth/UNH HeBig electron detector and a short boom supporting the HEEPS-I ion detector. The booms will utilize the short flip down arms with pin-puller release mechanisms used on Cascades (40.017) and Caper (40.012). For the E-Field subpayload, a small, light weight, and dynamically stable boom system for the electric field measurement is used. This is a design developed at Cornell University that rapidly deploys the wire booms into a stable disk-like geometry. 5.2 Subpayloads E-Field Please refer to Appendix E for the following discussion regarding the E-field sub-payload and COWBOY booms. The sub-payload is configured as a short cylinder with a moment of inertia transverse to the spin axis exceeding the spin axis moment. A concentric spool is placed around the inner payload and positioned close to the center of mass. The spool can rotate about the symmetry axis and is attached to the sub-payload cylinder with a combination bearing and magnetically controlled damper. Four wire booms are wound around the spool with roughly 6 wraps and sensing spheres are placed at the end of each wire boom. During deployment, the wire booms unwind like a yo-yo despin mechanism, with the exception that the outer spool will rotate with respect to the sub-payload cylinder and as the spool rotates it damps energy from the system. After the wire booms are deployed a pyro activated brake is engaged, which locks up the spool with respect to the inner payload. 5.3 Fly Away Detectors The two Fly Away Detectors FADs --are autonomous small payloads. They carry their own TM systems and transmit directly to the ground via wraparound antennae. The first FAD is deployed after an ACS alignment perpendicular to B. The second FAD is deployed after a 90 degree yaw with respect to the first ejection.

6.0 Power
6.1 Main Payload Power Required Description Dartmouth Partical Detectors UNH Imager Experiments Cornell Experiment UNH Solid State Detector Experiment 6.2 E-field Subpayload Power Required Description Cornell Experiment Bus Voltage +18V -18V Current 1200mA 700mA Bus Voltage +28V +28V +18V +28V Current 400mA 800mA 450mA 200mA

6.3 FADS Subpayload Power Required Description Dartmouth Experiment Bus Voltage +28V Current 450 mA

6.4 General Comments - Power Systems for Main and E-field payloads For the main payload and all three subpayloads, each experiment should have independent control of power-on and power-off for the purposes of trouble shooting and interference checking. The UNH Imagers, UNH solid state detector and Dartmouth particle detectors may share a single +28V battery pack. The +18V and -18V Cornell power should not be shared with any other user. All battery packs and telemetry systems should be referenced to ground at a single point on only one deck of the rocket chassis. We require separate battery charging circuits for the +18V and -18V battery packs because of the substantially higher power consumption of the +18V battery compared to the -18V battery. It is not acceptable to "charge across the +/18V battery pack" this will result in an incomplete charge of the -18V side of the battery pack. Please wire the +18V and -18V batteries as two separate batteries (even though they may be located in the same battery box) with completely separate charging circuits. In addition to the payload power control described above, a TEST signal is required for the Dartmouth experiment. The TEST function requires +28V at 100mA. This line powers internal test oscillators for payload checks. Power to this line should come only from the umbilical so that there is no chance of the test oscillators being powered during flight. The Dartmouth HV ON requires +28V at less than 20mA. Altitude switch hold-off of these functions is not required. HV supplies that cannot be operated in air have internal altitude switches. In flight, HV should be timed to turn on (minimum altitude 160 km) and remain on. On the E-Field sub-payloads, the 18V power to the Cornell Power Amplifier Box needs to be supplied by a relay controlled by the electronic timer. The Power Amplifier Box takes 18V at +/-2.5A for a maximum of 10 seconds. The electronic timer will activate the 18V to this box just prior to COWBOY wire boom system deployment. A "POWER AMPLIFIER TEST" function should be designed into the umbilical and test suitcase to activate the 18V to the Power Amplifier Box, to permit testing of the wire boom system without running the payload timers. For ground testing and pre-flight use, Cornell requires a separate umbilical power source for each of the four (4) Cornell GPS receivers. The Cornell GPS receivers require +12V at approximately 200 mA through the umbilical. No on-board power switching is required. This power source will be diode isolated from other power sources inside of the Cornell electronics box. For the each FAD, a 28 volt power source is required for the GPS receivers. A HVON command from the FADS CDI will be provided to turn on high voltage.

7.0 Timed Events and ACS Maneuvers


Details of the experimenters time event requirements are detailed in Appendix A of this document. The block diagram organizes the events with respect to ACS maneuvers. It is important to note that time and altitudes specified in the drawing are referenced to Revision B (2/17/06) of the timeline and are subject to change.

8.0 Squib Circuits and Deployments


On the main payload, the two fold-down booms for the electron and ion detectors will be released by one or more dual bridge-wire retractable actuators (pin pullers), type IMT 18CC (228-50000), to be supplied by NASA/NSROC. On each of the E-Field subpayloads, the COWBOY wire boom systems will be released by a pyrotechnic cable cutter (Holex 2800 guillotine) to be supplied by NASA/NSROC. In addition, the brakes for the COWBOY booms will be engaged by a pin puller type IMT 18CC (228-50000) supplied by NASA/NSROC.

9.0 Monitors
The experimenters will provide boom position monitors (micro-switches) for the HEEPS-I and HEEP-E booms. The status of these switches will be monitored by WFF. On the electric-field subpayload, Cornell will provide monitors for the COWBOY boom system. An optical shaft encoder will provide angular position and angular velocity of the rotating spool and will be encoded by the Cornell experiment. There will be a micro-switch monitor used for stowed vs not stowed status for both of the imager baffles. We request these microswitches be provided by NASA/NSROC.

10.0 Aspect Sensors


The experimenters will require a dedicated 3 axis magnetometer on the main payload. The output should be digitized to 16 bit resolution by Dartmouth College to satisfy science requirements. A horizon sensor will be needed for the main, subpayload, and both of the FADS.

11.0 Radar Beacon


A radar beacon is not required by the experimenters.

12.0 Trajectory Data


Absolute trajectory knowledge is required at the 500 meter level. These requirements are satisfied by the accuracy of the data supplied by the four Cornell GPS receivers. An approximate 10km separation is required between the main payload and each of the FADS.

13.0 Outgassing Requirements, Magnetic Material Sensitivity, RFI Susceptibility


The Dartmouth/UNH particle detector experiments on the main and PFF subpayloads are sensitive to payload outgassing and steps need to be taken to keep outgassing to a minimum. These steps include proper material selection (see NASA Reference Publication 1124) and payload cleanliness. Requirements for this payload are summarized below: - Machined parts should be thoroughly cleaned of all machining fluids and inks before installation. - Paper stick-on labels are not acceptable. - Acceptable materials include 3M Kapton tape (#92), DC340 Heat Sink Compound, no-wax lacing cord, GE RTV-11 potting compound, and Stycast 2850FT epoxy. Delrin, Teflon and Lexan are also acceptable. - Phenolic, PVC, and Nylon materials should be avoided. - Handling of the structure should be minimized to avoid greasy fingerprints.

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In addition, a dry nitrogen purge of the payload during integration and on the launcher is required. This minimizes the moisture absorption of the particle detectors. Once the nosecone is installed, the dry nitrogen purge is to be connected to the outside telemetry skin through a "fly-a-way" disconnect. The magnetometer on the main payload should be located as far as possible from the batteries and high power circuits, and from any high-permeability metal. Magnetic materials should not be used in the vicinity of the HEEPSE and HEEPS-I particle detectors, because magnetic fields from these materials could affect the path of the charged particles that these instruments are sensing. If any DC-DC converters are used they must operate above 20 kHz. ACS jets must be located away from the deployed mainpayload particle detectors such that there is no risk of ACS gas effecting detector readings. Magnetic cleanliness must be observed in the design of the FADS. Design must avoid implementing nickel plating. Non magnetic connectors should be used only.

14.0 Vehicle Performance


14.1 Minimum Altitude The target altitude is 650 km, though 620-700 km is acceptable. A higher altitude is not necessarily better, because the mission trades off fields-of-view of the onboard imagers (which assumes a certain altitude) with separation distances between the main payload and the FADs (the subpayload basically remains co-located with the main payload. 14.2 Coning Angle Prior to the COWBOY subpayload ejection, the main payload coning should be driven as close as possible to zero and the payload aligned to the background magnetic field. With respect to the FADS, the main payload will be aligned perpendicular to the local magnetic field prior to ejection of FAD1. This will be followed by a 90 degree yaw to eject FAD2. Prior to each FAD ejection the coning angle should be driven as close to 0 as possible as well. Immediately after the ejection of the COWBOY, as well as the ejection of FAD2, the main payload WILL be realigned to the background field with a deadband of 0.5 to 10 degrees. The final spin rate of the main payload will be 1Hz with a 10% tolerance. 14.3 Pointing and Payload Array Formation Requirements The final configuration of the payloads should be such that 1) the subpayload remains as close as practical to the main payload, 2) the FADs are ejected perpendicular to each other. The intent is that each FAD traverses perpendicularly to the local magnetic field, which keeps the HEEPS aperture correctly aligned (aided by the steerable aperture). 14.4 Despin

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After all deployments, a final main payload spin rate of approximately 1 Hz is desired to ensure payload stability and achieve the scientific objectives. Immediately after Nihka Burnout a Yo-Yo despin will be implemented to despin the rocket down to 2 Hz. Two weights each with a mass of 208 grams will be ejected. 14.5 Attitude Control System A Inertial based ACS will be used to provide alignment to the local magnetic field during flight. A horizon sensor and/or a sun sensor will be needed for each payload.

15.0 Range Support


- Dry nitrogen purge of payload (particle detectors, imager) required during build-up and on launcher. - Realtime display of magnetometer, all sky camera, MSP data from Poker Flat, and internet access to real time satellite data (ACE, GOES, etc.) - Realtime display of magnetometer, all sky camera, MSP, induction magnetometer data from Fort Yukon. - Phone contact with Fort Yukon. - Radar or GPS realtime data feed from Poker Flat to Fort Yukon - On-site generation of flight telemetry data on CD within 4 hours of launch using Programmable Telemetry Processor (PTP) with data in PTP Stamp time format.

16.0 Launch Conditions


- Launch from Poker Flat, with real-time support from Fort Yukon - Azimuth as close as possible to magnetic north - Post-midnight local magnetic time - Launch angle chosen for maximum apogee - Moon in last or first quarter or below horizon - Launch requires pulsating aurora observed in at least the Fort Yukon alls camera, but preferably in the Kaktovik Allsky as well. - It will is necessary to hold the count at T minus 2 minutes for up to 30 minutes

17.0 Comprehensive Mission Success Criteria


- Payload successfully launched into pulsating aurora event. - Acquisition of data from 4278 imager. - Acquisition of data from 5577 imager. - Allsky and narrow-field camera data from Fort Yukon and Kaktovik - Data (Electron or magnetometer) to provide measurements of field-aligned currents signatures at 3 spatially separated points (minimum separation of 10 km). - DC electric field measurements. - Acquisition of electron distribution functions from 6-800 keV on at least two spatially separated payloads - to get spatially separated measurements of 1) secondaries and 2) the pulsating population. - Acquisition of ion distribution functions with energies ranging from 10 eV to 15 keV (on the main payload). - Main payload cone angle and spin rate maintained within specified limits

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- Apogee at least 550km. - Subpayload cone angle not to exceed 50 degrees during flight.

18.0 Minimum Success Criteria


- Payload successfully launched into pulsating aurora event. - Receipt of data from either imager - Data (Electron or magnetometer) to provide measurements of field-aligned currents at 2 spatially separated points (minimum separation of 10 km).

20.0 List of Contacts


Principal Investigator Marc Lessard 417 Morse Hall University of New Hampshire Durham New Hampshire (603) 862-2590 Marc.Lessard@dartmouth.edu Co-Investigators Kristina Lynch Department of Physics and Astronomy Dartmouth College (603) 646-9311 Kristina.Lynch@Dartmouth.edu Paul M. Kintner 302 Rhodes Hall School of Electrical & Computer Engineering Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-5304 pmk1@cornell.edu Hans Stenbaek-Nielsen Geophysics Institute University of Alaska hnielsen@gi.alaska.edu Engineering Design Paul Riley 250B Morse Hall University of New Hampshire Durham New Hampshire (603) 862-2653 priley@unh.edu

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Kevin G. Rhoads Wilder 317A, HB 6127 Department of Physics and Astronomy Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755-3528 (603) 646-2972 kgrhoads@alum.mit.edu Steven Powell 321 Rhodes Hall School of Electrical & Computer Engineering Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-4551 sp35@cornell.edu Mark Widholm Space Science Center Morse Hall University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824 (603) 862-4597 Mark.Widholm@unh.edu David Rau Space Science Center Morse Hall University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824 (603) 862-3147 david.rau@unh.edu

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APPENDIX A

TIMED EVENTS AND ACS MANEUVER SUMMARY

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LAUNCH CONFIGURATION

NOSECONE EJECTION SYS

SCIENCE MAGNETOMETER, SOLID STATE DETECTOR HEEPS ELECTRONICS

HEEPS DETECTORS

TM/PCM STACK

NIACS

SBAND WRAPAROUND ANTENNA

IMAGER SECTION

SBAND WRAPAROUND ANTENNA

CORNELL SUBPAYLOAD

FAD2 SUBPAYLOAD

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FAD1 SUBPAYLOAD

ACS MANUEVER 1 ROLL CONTROL TO TO 2 HZ PERP TO B (110-132SEC, 161-226KM)

ACS MANUEVER 2 90 DEGREE YAW (134-151SEC, 232-279KM)

IMAGERS ON (113SEC, 170KM) DESPIN IMAGER MOTOR ON (114SEC, 174KM) SUBPAYLOAD SKIRT EJECT (153 SEC, 284 KM)

FAD 2 EJECT (152 SEC, 281KM)

FAD1 EJECT (133SEC, 229KM)


R

FAD1 IGNITE (153SEC, 284KM)

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ACS MANUEVER 3 REALIGN TO B 4HZ ROLL CONTROL (154-182SEC, 287-358KM)

ACS MANUEVER 4 ROLL CONTROL TO 1 HZ (184 - 196 SEC, 362-390KM)

HEEPS DEPLOY (197 SEC, 392KM)

SUBPAYLOAD RETAINER PLATE DEPLOY (192SEC, 381KM) SUBPAYLOAD EJECT (183 SEC, 360KM) SUBPAYLOAD POWER ON (189 SEC, 374KM)

FAD2 IGNITE (171SEC, 330KM)

FAD2 HVON (186SEC, 367KM)

FAD1 HVON (168SEC, 323KM)


R R

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ACS MANUEVER 5 ROLL CONTROL TO 1 HZ AND ALIGN TO B (198- 207SEC, 395-415KM)

SSD HVON (211 SEC, 424KM)

HEEPS HVON (211 SEC, 424KM)

SUBPAYLOAD ENGAGE BREAK (244 SEC, 491KM)

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APPENDIX B UNH IMAGER SPECIFICATIONS

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40.020 IMAGER INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS 02-02 - 05 REV04 SUMMARY The table below details the telemetry interface requirements for each of the two imagers designed for the 40.020 mission. DB25P (MALE PINS ON THE BOX, WALLOPS TO PROVIDE FEMALE MATE) SIGNAL NAME 28V 28V_RET IMAGER TEST BIT 1 IN/OUT POWER POWER INPUT SIGNALLING POWER POWER 28V SWITCHED DESCRIPION DSUB 25 PIN NUMBER 1,2 14,15 11

IMAGER TEST BIT 2

INPUT

28V SWITCHED

CAMERA POWER_ON

INPUT

28V SWITCHED

DC POWER INPUT DC POWER RETURN TEST INPUT 1 (28V SWICHED THROUGH UMBILICAL WITH SUITCASE SWITCH). ASSERTION (28V) ON TEST BIT 1 AND/OR TEST BIT 2 ENABLES 1 OF 3 TEST IMAGES OUTPUT FROM THE IMAGER FPGA. WITH TEST BIT 1 AND TEST BIT 2 = OPEN, THE OUTPUT FROM THE CCD IS ENABLED. TEST INPUT 2 (28V SWICHED THROUGH 24 UMBILICAL WITH SUITCASE SWITCH). ASSERTION (28V) ON TEST BIT 1 AND/OR TEST BIT 2 ENABLES 1 OF 3 TEST IMAGES OUTPUT FROM THE IMAGER FPGA. WITH TEST BIT 1 AND TEST BIT 2 = OPEN, THE OUTPUT FROM THE CCD IS ENABLED. . 28V SWITCHED ACTIVATED BY TIMER MODULE. 9,22 WITH 28V APPLIED POWER TO THE CAMERA WILL BE ENABLED. WITH SWITCH OPEN POWER WILL BE REMOVED. A SUITCASE SWITCH WILL ALSO BE

DESPIN_MOTOR_ ON

INPUT

28V SWITCHED

PCM_CLOCK+ PCM_CLOCKPCM_ENABLE+

INPUT INPUT INPUT

LVDS LVDS LVDS

PCM_ENABLE-

INPUT

LVDS

INCLUDED TO PROVIDE SWITCHING CAPABILITY DURING TEST 28V SWITCHED ACTIVATED BY TIMER MODULE. WITH 28V APPLIED POWER TO THE DESPIN MOTOR WILL BE APPLIED. WITH SWITCH OPEN POWER WILL BE REMOVED. A SUITCASE SWITCH WILL ALSO BE INCLUDED TO PROVIDE SWITCHING CAPABILITY DURING TEST CONTINUOS SERIAL 10 MBIT/SEC CLOCK FROM PCM ENCODER . POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE CONTINUOS SERIAL 10 MBIT/SEC CLOCK FROMK PCM ENCODER. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE PCM ADDRESS DECODED CS/ENABLE BIT ALLOCATED TO SPECIFIC IMAGER. ASSERTED TO ENABLE BIT SHIFTING OF IMAGER OUTPUT POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE. PCM ADDRESS DECODED CS/ENABLE BIT ALLOCATED TO SPECIFIC IMAGER. ASSERTED TO ENABLE BIT SHIFTING OF IMAGER OUTPUT. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE

10,23

5 18 7

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OUTPUT TO TELEMETRY SIGNAL NAME PCM_DATA + TYPE OUTPUT CLASS SERIAL: LVDS DESCRIPION DATA OUTPUT STREAM FROM IMAGER. POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE SAMPLE RATE 10MHZ (see note 2) DSUB 25 PIN NUMBER 3

PCM_DATA -

OUTPUT

SERIAL: LVDS

CAMERA SYNC PULSE PHASE ENCODER SIGNAL GROUND NO CONNECTS NOTES:

OUTPUT OUTPUT

CMOS: TIME EVENT CMOS: TIME EVENT

DATA OUTPUT STREAM FROM IMAGER. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE CAMERA SYNC ENCODER PRISM ASSEMBLY ENCODER PULSE

10MHZ (see note 2) 30HZ 1HZ

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13 12,25 6,19 4, 8,17, 21

1) FOLLOWING PAIRS MUST BE TWISTED THROUGH CABLE INTERCONNECT: (3,16),(5,18),(7,20) 2) THE ABOVE TABLE ASSUMES A TELEMETRY BIT RATE OF 10MBIT/SEC WITH 125 WORD/FRAME, 10 BITS/WORD. THE ASSUMED ALLOCATION TO EACH IMAGERS SERIAL CHANNEL AT THE 10MHZ SAMPLING RATE IS 100 WORDS/FRAME PRODUCING 8MBPS FOR THE IMAGERS (4MBPS EACH).

CLOCK DRIVER/CCD BOARD

D[9:0] 0S RECEIVER BLOCK ANA ADC


CONV

LINEAR REG

+4.0V

I0 I1 I2 I3 S0 S1 S2 S3 R0 R1 R2 RL RH E2V CC97 CCD R2HV RDC OG IG SS ODL ODH RDL RDH ABD

I0 I1 I2 I3 +7V/-5V TRANS S0 S1 S2 S3 R0 R1 R2 RL RH +40V/4V TRANS 3V TRANS R2HV

45V FILT

LINEAR REG

40V +4.5V

LINEAR REG

45V FILT

LINEAR REG

28V

+12V/0V TRANS

5V_FILT

LINEAR REG

3V

DIGITAL BOARD CONNECTOR

28V

LINEAR REG

24V

-15V_FILT -5V TRANS +4.5V TRANS +28V TRANS +17V TRANS +18V TRANS 28V_FILT_BUS LINEAR REG 17V

LINEAR REG

-5V

28V_FILT_BUS

LINEAR REG

18V

DG DD

+12V/0V TRANS 15V_FILT +24V TRANS LINEAR REG 12V LINEAR REG 7V

COMPRESSION/READOUT BOARD
45V FILT SWITCHING BOOST REGULATOR/FILTERS

28VBUS 28VRTN

28V FILT

FILTER COMP_CLK

QUAD RS485/ LVDS RCVR

COMP_CLK+

COMP_CLKTEST0+

15V_FILT 5V_FILT 3V_FILT SWITCHING REGULATORS/ FILTERS

TEST1+ CAM_ON+

DATA+

D[9:0]
DATA CONV

DIGITAL BOARD CONNECTOR

I0 I1 I2 I3 S0 S1 S2 S3 R0 R1 R2 RL RH R2HV IO0 IO1 IO2 IO3 IO4 IO5 IO6 IO7

QUAD RS485/ LVDS DRIVER

DATA-

SLIP RING CONNECTOR

FRAME+

FRAME

D[9:0]
PIXCLK FRAME

FRAME-

SER_DAT COMP_CLK READOUT LOGIC (FPGA) TEST0 TEST1 CAM_ON IO0 IO1 IO2 IO3 IO4 IO5 IO6 IO7 RX TX RS232 TRANS TX DEBUG CONNECTOR COMP_CLK COMPRESSION LOGIC(FPGA)

RX

MOTOR CONTROL/TELEMETRY INTERFACE


REFIN+ REFINREFOUT+ REFOUTPLLDATA[7:0] 8 BIT DAC VDAC LOOP FILTER ENC+ ENCDATA+ DATA-

ALT IMAGER MOTOR DRIVE+ MOTOR DRIVE-

VLF

POWER DRIVER

MOTOR DRIVE CONN MOTOR ENCODER/ TCONN GYRO FEEDBACK CONN

FRAME+ FRAME-

QUAD RS485/ LVDS RECEIVER

DATA

GYRO+ GYRO+5V RTN PHASE_ENC ENABLE+ ENABLEPCM_CLK+ PCM_CLKPCM_DATA+ PCM_DATAPHASE_ENC FRAME

FRAME

PHASE ENCODER CONN

DATA+ DATA-

FRAME+ FRAME-

QUAD RS485/ LVDS RECEIVER

DATA

MOTOR CONTROL FPGA

ENABLE

LVDS RECEIVER LVDS RECEIVER LVDS DRIVER CMOS BUFFER CMOS BUFFER 28V SWITCHED 28V SWITCHED 28V SWITCHED 28V SWITCHED 28V 28VRTN

PCM_CLK+

FRAME

PCM_DATA+ PHASE_ENC FRAME

SLIP RING CONNECTOR

COMP_CLK+ COMP_CLKTEST0+ TEST0TEST1+ TEST1CAM_ON+ CAM_ON+5V +3V SWITCHING/LINEAR REGULATORS QUAD RS485/ LVDS DRIVER COMP_CL K TEST0 TEST1 CAM_ON 8 BIT 8 BIT CONFIG JUMPERS VOLTAGE MONITORS 8 BIT REFERENCE RESISTOR JUMPERS

TEST0

TELEMETR Y

TEST1

DESPIN ENABLE

CAMERA_ON

+28V +28VRTN

CCD97-00 Back Illuminated 2-Phase IMO Series Electron Multiplying CCD Sensor

INTRODUCTION
The CCD97 is part of the new L3Vision2 range of products from e2v technologies. This device uses a novel output amplifier circuit that is capable of operating at an equivalent output noise of less than one electron at pixel rates of over 11 MHz. This makes the sensor well suited for scientific imaging where the illumination is limited. The sensor is a frame transfer device and can operate in inverted mode to suppress dark current as this is now the dominant noise source (even at high readout rate). The image and store sections are designed to operate in 2-phase mode, to maximise the highest achievable parallel transfer frequency. The sensor functions by converting photons to charge in the image area during the integration time period, then transferring this charge through the image and store sections into the readout register. Following transfer through the readout register, the charge is multiplied in the gain register before conversion to a voltage by an output amplifier. The sensor has two output amplifiers; a low noise, high responsivity output for normal CCD operation and a large signal amplifier for when multiplication gain is employed. Operation of the high gain mode is controlled by adjustment of the multiplication phase amplitude R12HV.

STORAGE AND OPERATION TEMPERATURE EXTREMES


MIN MAX +100 +75 5 Storage temperature (8C) Operating temperature (8C) Temperature ramping (8C/min) 7200 7120

GENERAL DATA
Active image area . . . . . . Image section active pixels . . . Image pixel size . . . . . . . Number of output amplifiers . . Fill factor . . . . . . . . . Additional dark reference columns Additional overscan rows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.192 x 8.192 mm 512 (H) x 512 (V) . . 16 x 16 mm . . . . . 2 . . . 100% . . . . 24 . . . . 16

Note: Operation or storage in humid conditions may give rise to ice on the sensor surface on cooling, causing irreversible damage.

PACKAGE DETAILS (see Fig. 15)


Ceramic Package
Overall dimensions . . . . . Number of pins . . . . . . Inter-pin spacing . . . . . Opposite row spacing . . . . Mounting position . . . . . The pin 1 marker is shown in Fig. . . . . . . . . . . 15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 x 22.86 . . . . 1.778 . 22.86 . . . mm 30 mm mm any

e2v technologies limited, Waterhouse Lane, Chelmsford, Essex CM1 2QU England Telephone: +44 (0)1245 493493 Facsimile: +44 (0)1245 492492 e-mail: enquiries@e2vtechnologies.com Internet: www.e2vtechnologies.com Holding Company: e2v holdings limited e2v technologies inc. 4 Westchester Plaza, PO Box 1482, Elmsford, NY10523-1482 USA Telephone: (914) 592-6050 Facsimile: (914) 592-5148 e-mail: enquiries@e2vtechnologies.us

# e2v technologies limited 2004

A1A-CCD97BI_2P_IMO Issue 3, May 2004


411/8364

APPENDIX C UNH SOLID STATE DETECTOR SPECIFICATIONS

22

40.020 SOLID STATE DETECTOR INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS 2 -17 - 06 REV05 SUMMARY The table below details the telemetry interface requirements for the Solid State Detector receiver implemented for the 40.020 mission. DB37P (MALE PINS ON THE BOX, WALLOPS TO PROVIDE FEMALE MATE) SIGNAL NAME 28V 28V_RET SSD TEST IN/OUT POWER POWER INPUT SIGNALLING POWER POWER 28V SWITCHED DESCRIPION DC POWER INPUT DC POWER RETURN TEST INPUT. WITH 28V APPLIED A TEST OSCILLATOR DRIVES THE DETECTOR INPUT. WITH THE SWITCH OPEN THE NOMINAL DETECTOR DRIVE IS ENABLED. SHOULD BE SWITCHED THROUGH UMBILICAL WITH SUITCASE SWITCH 28V SWITCHED ACTIVATED BY TIMER MODULE. WITH 28V APPLIED TO THIS INPUT HIGH VOLTAGE WILL BE APPLIED TO THE DETECTOR. WITH SWITCH OPEN HIGH VOLTAGE WILL BE REMOVED. CONTINUOS SERIAL 10 MBIT/SEC CLOCK FROM PCM ENCODER . POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE CONTINUOS SERIAL 10 MBIT/SEC CLOCK FROMK PCM ENCODER. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE PCM ADDRESS DECODED CS/ENABLE BIT ALLOCATED TO SSD. ASSERTED TO ENABLE BIT SHIFTING OF SSD OUTPUT POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE. DSUB 37 PIN NUMBER(S) 1,2 20,21 10

HIGH VOLTAGE ON PCM_CLOCK+ PCM_CLOCKPCM_ENABLE+

INPUT

28V SWITCHED LVDS LVDS LVDS

9,28

INPUT INPUT INPUT

5 24 7

PCM_ENABLE-

INPUT

LVDS

PCM ADDRESS DECODED CS/ENABLE BIT ALLOCATED TO SPECIFIC SSD. ASSERTED TO ENABLE BIT SHIFTING OF SSD OUTPUT. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE

26

OUTPUT TO TELEMETRY SIGNAL NAME PCM_DATA + TYPE OUTPUT CLASS SERIAL: LVDS DESCRIPION DATA OUTPUT STREAM FROM SSD. POSITIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE DATA OUTPUT STREAM FROM SSD. NEGATIVE SIDE OF LVDS DRIVE COUNTER INDICATING TOTAL COUNTS FROM DETECTOR (POS SIDE) COUNTER INDICATING TOTAL COUNTS FROM DETECTOR (NEG SIDE) HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY MONITOR LOW VOLTAGE SAMPLE RATE 8K SAMP/SEC 8K SAMP/SEC 1K SAMP/SEC (RESET AFTER READ) 1K SAMP/SEC (RESET AFTER READ) 250 SAMP/SEC 250 DSUB 25 PIN NUMBER 3

PCM_DATA -

OUTPUT

SERIAL: LVDS

22

TOTAL COUNT COUNTER+

OUTPUT

COUNTER: RS-422

11

TOTAL COUNT COUNTER-

OUTPUT

COUNTER: RS-422

29

HIGH VOLTAGE MONITOR LOW VOLTAGE

OUTPUT OUTPUT

ANALOG ANALOG

12 30

MONITOR CURRENT MONITOR SIGNAL GROUND NO CONNECT OUTPUT ANALOG

NO CONNECT

NO CONNECT

POWER SUPPLY MONITOR SSD DETECTOR TOTAL CURRENT MONITOR SIGNAL RETURN NO CONNECT

SAMP/SEC 250 SAMP/SEC 31 14,32 4,23,6,25,8,27,13, 15-19, 33-37

NOTES: 1) FOLLOWING PAIRS MUST BE TWISTED THROUGH CABLE INTERCONNECT: (3,22),(5,24),(7,26) 2) THE ABOVE TABLE ASSUMES A TELEMETRY BIT RATE OF 10MBIT/SEC WITH 125 WORD/FRAME, 10 BITS/WORD. THE ASSUMED ALLOCATION THE SSDS SERIAL CHANNEL AT THE 10MHZ SAMPLING RATE IS 1 WORD/FRAME PRODUCING 8K SAMP/SEC FOR THE SSD. 3) THE TOTAL COUNT COUNTER MUST BE CONFIGURED TO RESET AFTER READ.

+15V -15V +3.3V

28V LOW VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY 28V_RET LV_MON


28V

DETECTOR HIGH VOLTAGE

DETECTOR RETURN

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY

28V_RET

HIGH VOLTAGE ON

REGULATION/ PROTECTION

HIGH VOLTAGE ON

HV_MON

DETECTOR CONNECTOR

TOTAL COUNT DETECTOR FRONT END /MUX


DIFFERENTIATOR

0 THRESHOLD DETECTOR

PEAK PCM_DATAPCM_DATA

TELEMETRY CONNECTOR DB37 PCM_DATA+ PCM_CLOCKPCM_CLOCK+ PCM_ENABLEPCM_ENABLE+

ANA_IN

CONVERSION THRESHOLD DETECTOR

PCM_CLOCK EVENT PCM_ENABLE

LVDS DRIVE

6 BIT 6 BIT ADC CONVERT

(PLD/FPGA)
REGULATION/ PROTECTION

TEST1

TEST OSCILLATOR HIGH 8 BIT RAM

SOLID STATE DETECTOR RECEIVER BLOCK DIAGRAM

APPENDIX D

UNH ERPA SPECIFICATIONS

23

APPENDIX E CORNELL COWBOY SPECIFICATIONS

24

ROPA 40.020 Cornell University Experimenter's Telemetry Requirements Revision History -11-May-05 12-May-05 23-Sep-05 9-Feb-06 14-Feb-06 Original Issue Deleted TM synchronizer Added MEMS analog channel Changed project number from 35.038 to 40.020 Added 3 analog channels for MEMS gyro monitoring Prepared by: Steven Powell Cornell University 607-255-4551 607-255-6236 (Fax) sp35@cornell.edu

General Notes:

1. The sub-payload will have a 4.8 Mb/s PCM link. 2. The experimenter telemetry requirements are similar to the telemetry requirements for one of the 40.017 sub-payloads, except no GPS telemetry synchronizer will be used. Differences from the 40.017 mission are shown in RED ITALIC. and/or strikethrough. 3. Please specify to PSL that the WFF93 encoders must use RS422 line drivers and receivers where appropriate (Serial Data Module, all Major Frame, Minor Frame, Bit Clock signals, all other differential signals, etc). RS422 terminations should use 120 ohms in series with 0.001 F. Sub-Payload Experimenter -- Cornell

Signal Name

Size

Words

Type

Sample Rate (s/s) Total (bits/s) Comments

V21 V43 V1s V2s V3s V4s MEMSRATE M60VMON MEMSAGC MEMSQUAD S1 S2 S3 CU 1PPS CU 1HZ DAMP V+ DAMP V18PMON 18MMON AUX1 AUX2 AUX3 AUX4 P2 Read Strobe MAJFCOUNT

12-bits 12-bits 12-bits 12-bits 12-bits 12-bits 12-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 48-bits 88-bits 8-bits 16-bits 16-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 24-bits

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 6 11 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3

Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Analog Serial Serial Serial Time Event Time Event Analog Analog Analog Analog Aux Output Aux Output Aux Output Aux Output n/a Counter

1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 250 250 250 1000 40000 40000 250 250 1000 1000 1000 1000 8000 8000 8000 8000 1000 8000

16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 2000 2000 2000 48000 3520000 320000 4000 4000 8000 8000 8000 8000 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 192000

12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words 12-bit A/D supplied by PSL. Read-out in 2 words Standard 8-bit A/D Standard 8-bit A/D Standard 8-bit A/D See below for word details. See below for word details. See below for word details. Sample at once per major frame Sample at once per major frame Can be decreased to 250 s/s, if necessary. Can be decreased to 250 s/s, if necessary. Can be decreased to 250 s/s, if necessary. Can be decreased to 250 s/s, if necessary. Active during Word 67 out of 75, all subframes. Active during Word 69 out of 75, all subframes. Active during Word 71 out of 75, all subframes. Active during Word 73 out of 75, all subframes. Used for 1000 s/s A/D converter control. Counter configured for wrap-around (not reset on readout) Counter provided by PSL internal to WFF93 encoder.

S1 Details 1st word 2nd word 3rd word 4th word 5th word 6th word

MAGX msb MAGY msb MAGX lsb MAGY lsb MAGZ msb MAGZ lsb

8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits

S2 Details 1st word 2nd word 3rd word 4th word 5th word 6th word 7th word 8th word 9th word 10th word 11th word

VLF12 msb VLF34 msb see S2-3 below VLF1s msb VLF2s msb see S2-6 below VLF3s msb VLF4s msb see S2-9 below HF12 msb see S2-11 below

8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits

S2-3 Details bit-7 (msb) bit-6 bit-5 bit-4 bit-3 bit-2 bit-1 bit-0 (lsb)

VLF12 VLF12 VLF12 VLF12 VLF34 VLF34 VLF34 VLF34

lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb

(D3) (D2) (D1) (D0) (D3) (D2) (D1) (D0)

1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit

S2-6 Details bit-7 (msb) bit-6 bit-5 bit-4 bit-3 bit-2 bit-1 bit-0 (lsb)

VLF1s VLF1s VLF1s VLF1s VLF2s VLF2s VLF2s VLF2s

lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb

(D3) (D2) (D1) (D0) (D3) (D2) (D1) (D0)

1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit

Page 1

S2-9 Details bit-7 (msb) bit-6 bit-5 bit-4 bit-3 bit-2 bit-1 bit-0 (lsb)

VLF3s VLF3s VLF3s VLF3s VLF4s VLF4s VLF4s VLF4s

lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb lsb

(D3) (D2) (D1) (D0) (D3) (D2) (D1) (D0)

1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit

S2-11 Details bit-7 (msb) bit-6 bit-5 bit-4 bit-3 bit-2 bit-1 bit-0 (lsb)

HF12 lsb (D3) HF12 lsb (D2) HF12 lsb (D1) HF12 lsb (D0) Overflow Data Valid 0 CU 40K GPS Data

1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit

S3 Details 1st word 2nd word 3rd word 4th word 5th word

ABS POSITION - msb ABS POSITION - lsb see S3-3 below VELOCITY - msb VELOCITY - lsb

8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits

S3-3 Details bit-7 (msb) bit-6 bit-5 bit-4 bit-3 bit-2 bit-1 bit-0 (lsb)

INDEX OPTICAL ENC CH B OPTICAL ENC CH A 0 0 0 0 CU 1 PPS LED

1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit 1-bit

Sub-Payload Experimenter -- UNH

S4 Details S4-1A S4-1B S4-2A S4-2B S4-3A S4-3B S4-4A S4-4B

ERPA ERPA ERPA ERPA ERPA ERPA ERPA ERPA

RPA2 - MSB RPA2 - LSB SKIN - MSB SKIN - LSB SWEEP - MSB SWEEP - LSB RPA1 - MSB RPA1 - LSB

8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits 8-bits

2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000

s/s s/s s/s s/s s/s s/s s/s s/s

Page 2

Cornell University -- E-Field & B-Field Electronics Box ROPA Sub-Payload -- 40.020 2-14-06

TM1 INTERFACE Connector -- 25p on Box WIRE PIN 1 2 3 16 4 17 5 18 6 19 7 20 8 21 9 22 S1 DATA10 S1 DATA+ 23 S1 GATED SHIFT11 S1 GATED SHIFT+ 24 S2 DATA12 S2 DATA+ 25 S2 GATED SHIFT13 S2 GATED SHIFT+ KEY Digital Signals to WFF93 Encoder MEMSQUAD MEMSAGC Analog Signals to WFF93 Encoder M60VMON SIGNAL

14 RETURN +18 VOLTS IN 15 RETURN -18 VOLTS IN From 18 Volt Batteries

COAX TWISTED PAIR

SINGLE WIRE

Cornell University -- GPS/TM Electronics Box ROPA Sub-Payload -- 40.020 2-14-06

TM2 INTERFACE Connector -- 37p on Box WIRE SIGNAL PIN 1 RETURN 20 RETURN 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +18 VOLTS IN 21 RETURN -18 VOLTS IN 22 RETURN +12 VOLTS IN 23 RETURN V12 24 RETURN V34 25 RETURN Vs1 26 RETURN Vs2 27 RETURN Vs3 28 RETURN 10 Vs4 29 RETURN 11 MEMSRATE 30 CU 1PPS 12 P2 RD STRB (1 KHZ) 31 1X CLK IN13 1X CLK IN+ Digital Signals to WFF93 Encoder 32 MAJOR FRM SYNC14 MAJOR FRM SYNC+ 33 15 34 S3 INVERTED LOAD16 S3 INVERTED LOAD+ 35 S3 DATA17 18 S3 DATA+ 36 S3 ENABLES3 ENABLE+ 37 S3 GATED SHIFT19 S3 GATED SHIFT+ KEY From 18 Volt Batteries

From Umbilical Only (Used t o power Cornell GPS during ground tes ting & pre-launch)

Analog Signals to WFF93 Encoder

COAX TWISTED PAIR

SINGLE WIRE

NOTE: Differences from 40.017 payload shown in RED.

Cornell University -- GPS/TM Electronics Box ROPA Sub-Payload -- 40.020 9-23-05

TM3 Connector -- 9p on Box WIRE SIGNAL PIN 1 AUX OUTPUT1 6 RETURN 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 AUX OUTPUT4 AUX OUTPUT3 AUX OUTPUT2 Signals from WFF93 Encoder

COAX TWISTED PAIR

SINGLE WIRE

KEY

Cornell University -- Power Amplifier Electronics Box ROPA Sub-Payload -- 40.020 9-23-05

TM4 Connector -- 9p on Box WIRE SIGNAL PIN 1 +18 VOLTS IN 6 DAMP V2 3 8 4 9 5 RETURN 18MMON -18 VOLTS IN KEY DAMP V+ 7 RETURN 18PMON Analog Signals to WFF93 Encoder

From 18 Volt Batteries

COAX TWISTED PAIR

SINGLE WIRE

0.500"

2.687"

2.687"

2.687"

2.687"

From Science Magnetometer (9S on Box)

00 0"

E2 5.
12 Mounting Holes (#10-32 Threaded Rod)

E1

E2

3.969"
From E-Field Booms From GPS Preamp

H F1
1. 50 0"

E3

E4

FIL

MAG AD1 AD3 AD5 REG1 REG2

FIL1 BEHIND

FIL2 AD2 AD4 AD6 TM1 TM2


5V +DIFF

FIL EPA

EPA1 WCL GPS1 MEMS1 MEMS3 FBCL


HC +5V

EPA2 WCR
GPS2

EPA

4CHAD

--- HFSERSIO

---

4CHAD

--- GPSINTCASC

---

VLF3s,4s MAGX,Y,Z
12V +5 +18V/+12V DIODES

1.

16

2"

MEMS2 MEMS4 FBCR

EN PA

3.969"

4CHAD

--- MEMS12

---

REGPM5

REGDD MEMSPWR

---

5.50"

TM 3
TM Interface Connector (9P on Box)

VLF12,34,1s,2s

REGPM5

5V +DIFF

REGDD FBCONCASC

---

5.875"
TM Interface Connector (25P on Box) TM Interface Connector (37P on Box)

5.875" 1.5"

1.0" max

Front Connector Clearance

Power -- +18 V @ FLIGHT MIN/MAX = 1.2 A continuous, 3.7 A for 10 sec -18 V @ FLIGHT MIN/MAX = 0.7 A continuous, 3.2 A for 10 sec

Weight -- 5 lbs. approx.

Weight -- 5 lbs. approx.

E-Field/B-Field Elect. Box

GPS/TM Box

Cornell University ROPA 40.020 Sub-Payload Electronics

To Deck Mounted Amplifiers (15P on Box) 1.625"


1. 62 5 "

#8-32 Tapped Mounting Holes 4 Places

To MR Brake (9S on Box)

DECK

From E-Field Elect Box

TM4
1.063"

A+

PA

2.000" 2.000" TM4 Interface Connector (9P on Box)

Weight -- 6 oz. approx.

Cornell University ROPA 40.020 Sub-Payload -- Power Amplifier Box


SPP 9-23-05

H F2

To Shaft Encoder & Power Amp & Preamp 12V Power Side Connector (15P on Box)
Clearance

L1

E1

GPS Ground Test Only (9P on Box)

ROPA -- 40.020 Sub-Payload Configuration COWBOY Boom System ICD Dimensions in inches unless otherwise noted. 11 MAY 2005 S.Powell Cornell University
Locking pin (S.S.) prevents coffee can from rotating. Only 1 of 2 pins shown.

12.870 (O.D. of root attachment) 12.370 (O.D. of cable guides) 11.870 (O.D. of can) 11.750 (O.D. of cover) 10.000 (Sphere center-to-center) 0.207 0.207 Protective Cup C (retains cable end) Flyaway "Cover" (spring remains Cable tensioning attached) bolt and locknut Bolt used during assembly process to compress spring. Only 1 of 2 bolts shown. Sphere O.D. = 1.750 inch. Drawing shows only 2 out of a total of 4 spheres and 4 wire booms. Upper cradle

1.430

Sphere Center

2.125 0.125 Delrin sheet

Spring Signal connectors Lower cradle Upper cable guides 0.250 Upper pin holder (Delrin) Lower pin holder (Alum) Upper slipring Hub piece (keyed to shaft) Lower slipring (9 conductors) MR Damper Bearing Unit Power Amplifier Box Lower cable guides 0.125 0.062

Top of Can

0.250 0.060

2.600

Deck Dia 10.500 "Coffee Can" 11.870 O.D. 0.027 thick Longeron Spacing 10.500 Dia

0.250 0.535 Optical Shaft Encoder 3.750 0.128 Dia Thru Hole Pyro Cable Cutter in shaft Cable End Retainer Electrical & Telemetry System Components

11.342 12.250

Electrical & Telemetry System Components

Deck Dia 10.500

Electrical & Telemetry System Components 0.250

Electrical & Telemetry System Components 3.629 Battery Boxes

5.715 0.500 Wire Root 27.625 26.375 0.625 0.150 Pin Puller Pyro Activated Brake (Knurled Surfaces) 0.553 0.447 0.461 Battery Boxes 0.050 0.400 0.027 Clearance envelope for wire root attachment Teflon Bumpers (3) 0.500 1.0 DIA Aluminum stiffner

Telemetry & Electrical System Components

14.033 12.500 TM Antenna S-Band & GPS Cornell Electronics Box #1 Cornell Electronics Box #2

7.200

Science Magnetometer 2.981 3.23 UNH ERPA Detector 0.28

APPENDIX F

DARTMOUTH SPECIFICATIONS: MAIN PAYLOAD AND FAD SUBPAYLOAD PARTICLE DETECTORS

24

40.020 ROPA Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics interface Version 1.8 March 3, 2006 Box 1 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 ROPA ________________________________________________________ CONNECTOR: Main box connector 25P [plug, male] (25S on cable) SND25M0000G (DBMA25PNMB) on box, SND25F0000G (DBMA25SNMB) on cable Box 1 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 ROPA returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side each -- one word of 10 bits

Power and event sequencing signals returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side Pin Return Signal 1 14 +28v power analog power input 2 15 +28v power (redundant) analog power input 3 HVTO High Voltage Turn On analog control input 16 TEST Pulse amp test analog power input LVDS Differential Signals - ANSI/TIA/EIA-644 Pin+ PinSignal twisted pairs 4 17 MAJF PCM Major Frame sync clock - input from Nasa TM HII will not use Inverted Load, HII will need to not have adjacent words in TM matrix 5 18 GCKI Gated shift ClocK for HII clock - input from Nasa TM 6 19 HII HEEPS I image serial data serial 32k/sec 7 20 HIT HEEPS I total counts count 2k/sec Single-Ended Signals w/returns returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side Pin Return Signal twisted pairs 10 23? HIB HEEPS I Bias Monitor analog 500/sec 11 24 HIS HEEPS I Sweep Monitor analog 1kS/sec 13 B1C Box 1 Current analog 500/sec returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side Available pins: 8, 9, 12, 21, 22, 25 Possibly available pins: 23 SND25M0000G (DBMA25PNMB) on box, SND25F0000G (DBMA25SNMB) on cable 40.020 ROPA Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics interface Version 1.8 March 3, 2006 Box 1 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 ROPA

40.020 ROPA Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics interface Version 1.9 March 3, 2006 Box 2 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 ROPA ________________________________________________________ CONNECTOR: Main box connector DB44P [plug, male] (44S on cable) connects to NASA electronics SDD44M0000G (DBMA44PNMB) on box, SDD44F0000G (DBMA44SNMB) on cable Box 2 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 ROPA returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side Power and event sequencing signals Pin Return Signal twisted pairs 1 2 +28v# power 3 4 +28v# power (redundant) 5 6? HVTO High Voltage Turn On 7 8? HVTO High Voltage Turn On (redundant) 9 TEST Pulse amp test ___ # +28v goes ONLY to the LVPS board K1 and NOWHERE else, each -- one word of 10 bits

analog analog analog analog analog

power input power input control input control input power input

+28H is DIFFERENT

LVDS Differential Signals - ANSI/TIA/EIA-644 Pin+ PinSignal twisted pairs 10 11 MAJF PCM Major Frame sync clock - input from TM 12 13 GCKEI Gated shift ClocK for HEDF/HEBig Image serial clock - input TM HEI will use Inverted Load on FADs but not on Main, on Main HEI will need to not have adjacent words in TM matrix HEI words can be adjacent in FAD TM matrices 14 15 HEI HEDF/HEBig image serial data serial 32k/sec NOT adjacent in main, ADJACENT ok in FADs 16 17 GCKET Gated shift ClocK for HEDF/HEBig accumulated Total counts serial clock - input from TM HET will NOT use inverted load and will need to not have adjacent words in TM

18 20

19 21

HET GCKMAG

22 24

23 25

MAG HEILD

matrix HEDF/HEBig SD data of HEDF/HEBig total counts serial 2k/sec Gated shift ClocK for magnetometer serial clock - from TM Magnetometer will NOT use inverted load and will need to not have adjacent words in TM matrix Interleaved Magnetometer X, Y, Z; serial 6k/sec 2 words each, 3 values sampled 1kSps HEDF Image inverted Load serial load - from TM FADs only, unused on Main

Single-Ended Signals w/returns Main FADs Pin Return Signal twisted pairs 26 27 HEB HEDF/HEBig Bias Monitor analog 500/sec 62.5/sec 28 29? HES HEDF/HEBig Sweep, (Energy) analog 1kS/sec 250/sec Main HEEPS-E not deflectable apertures, FAD HEEPS-E are HEDF w/ deflectable apertures HEDF aperture monitor only needed on FADs 32 33? HEAp HEDF Aperture (both) analog <Not Main> 250/sec FADs only, unused on Main 32, 33 grounded on Main 62.5/sec 36 37? B2C Box 2 Current monitor analog 500/sec 38 39? GPS asynch serial, true RS-232, asynch 19.2k RS-232 19.2k RS-232 40 41? SUN Sun Sensor combined & conditioned analog <Not Main> 2k/sec No Sun Sensor on Main, FADs only 42 43? 1_PPS 1PPS, time event, analog sampled 1/MajorFrame 44 * +28ka (+20v TO +28v for GPS "keep alive" to wire OR for +5 regulator) * return is shared: 2, 4, 6?, 8? returns with ? may be omitted on NASA side Available pins 30, 31, 34, 35 Possibly available pins: 6, 8, 29, 33, 37, 39, 41, 43 SDD44M0000G (DBMA44PNMB) on box, SDD44F0000G (DBMA44SNMB) on cable 40.020 ROPA Version 1.9 Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics interface March 3, 2006 Box 2 Nasa Connector data - 40.020 (formerly 35.038) ROPA

40.020 ROPA Version 1.6

Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics TM requirements March 6, 2006 Main TM requirements 10Mb/s

ROPA Main: MinF=8000Hz MajF=250Hz Wd/SubFrame=125 SubFrames/Frame=32 Bits/Wd=10 MajF 250 Hz, MinF 8000Hz, 10 bits/word HII HIT HIB HIS B1C HEI HET MAG HEB HES B2C GPS 1_PPS HEEPS HEEPS HEEPS HEEPS Box 1 I image serial data I total counts I Bias Monitor I Sweep Monitor Current serial count analog analog analog serial serial serial analog analog analog asynch analog 32k/sec 2k/sec 500/sec 1kS/sec 500/sec 32k/sec 2k/sec 6k/sec 500/sec 1kS/sec 500/sec 19.2k RS-232 sampled at 1/major frame

HEEPS E image serial data NOT ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX HE serial digital of HE total counts NOT ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX Interleaved Mag.: X, Y, Z; 2 words each NOT ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX HEEPS E Bias Monitor HEEPS E Sweep, (Energy) Box 2 Current asynch serial, true RS-232, 10 bit words are acceptable to handle GPS asynch 1PPS out, time event,

40.020 ROPA Version 1.6

Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics TM requirements March 6, 2006 Main TM requirements

40.020 ROPA Version 1.4 ROPA PFF: HEI HET MAG HEB HES B2C GPS 1_PPS SUN HEAp

Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics TM requirements March 6, 2006 FAD TM requirements MinF=500Hz MajF=15.625Hz Wd/SubFrame=32 SubFrames/Frame=32 Bits/Wd=10 32k/sec 2k/sec 6k/sec 62.5/sec 250/sec 62.5/sec 19.2k RS-232 sampled at 1/major frame 2k/sec 250/sec 500kb/s

HEEPS E image serial data serial can have ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX, uses Inverted Load HE serial digital of HE total counts serial NOT ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX Interleaved Mag.: X, Y, Z; 2 words each serial NOT ADJACENT WORDS IN TM MATRIX HEEPS E Bias Monitor HEEPS E Sweep, (Energy) Box 2 Current asynch serial, true RS-232, 10 bit words are acceptable to handle GPS asynch 1PPS out, time event, Sun Sensor combined conditioned analog HEEPS E Aperture (both) analog analog analog asynch analog analog analog

Version 1.4 40.020 ROPA

March 6, 2006 FAD TM requirements Dartmouth particle detector experimental electronics TM requirements

ROPA 40.020 Version 1.2 October 14, 2005 Current draws at nominal 28v supply. Supply range can be from 20v to 40v. Nominal values from 40.017/Cascades Box 1: w/o TEST w/ HVTO supply draw is 138mA w/ TEST w/ HVTO supply draw is 157mA Nominal value from 40.017/Cascades Box 2: w/o TEST w/o HV supply draw is 200mA with GPS w/o TEST w/ HV supply draw is 237mA with GPS For ROPA, the current draws should be very close. Note that current draw will vary in ROPA when deflectable apertures are driven (FADs like PFFs, no deflectable aperture on Main).

Dartmouth instrumentation mechanical summary 7 March 2006 Electronics boxes: Main: Box 1 5.5x5.875, 3.08 high; connects to HI, NASA Box 2 5.5x5.875, 4.1 high; connects to HeBig,NASA,Mag,GPS Total 5.5x5.875, 7.18 high FADs: Box 2 5.5x5.875, 4.1 high split into two stacks, each 2.1 high top pair connects to HeDF, NASA, GPS, Mag, Sun, and bottom bottom pair connects to HeDF and top Detectors: Main: two boom mounted sensor heads; boom footprint 2x2; boom arm length adjustable; center of hinge point 0.875 from deckplate HI; cylindrical detector head encased in 2.5 high by 3.64 diameter can HeBig; large cylinder as much as 4 high by 5 diameter FADs: HeDF: cylindrical sensor in a 3.6 high by 3.64 diameter can Magnetomer, Billingsley: 1.38x1.38x5.9

Boom footprint, 2x2; hinge point 0.875 from deckplate; boom arm length adjustable:

HI detector, to be enclosed in 2.5 high by 3.64 diameter can:

HeBig detector, still being designed, to be enclosed in a can not larger than (we hope) 4 high by 5 diameter:

HeDF, rigidly axially mounted on FADs, enclosed in a can 3.6 high by 3.64 diameter:

Magnetometer, long axis mounted parallel to FAD axis; 1.38x1.38x5.9: