You are on page 1of 35



 

+*

  
,

$ !


.-

  
#01-2






 

341-563789 .
<

= >?:-@#0

A7BDCBDEGF

HJI@KLMONQP?LRTSTLM

UWV"X>Y2V"Z(L

[7L4\]NQZWR ^_La`WNbLac
d+egf hjidlkmkn

oqpsrtmuWvxwxt9y{z(v}|~|j}
zWv}rmx.|~|xx.r}t9
x}:r}tjv} pxu5jysrs
x}:r}tjv+'|pp1lpsr+:psx
|~8x.p+vxrsp]txvxrl
x}:r+tjv}z2px|8vxrmxp14".rm|

"

#%$'&()&

:);-24)&

4p.|_v+_zWv}st9.st}
b1sb
4bT"bQ
b1sbb"b
4b1b%b
1TbQ1

4mTbbbb
4j19"bjbb9b
1Tbb9Tbb
Q"
sbs
4m
QO6
}}Qbbm
+b1b
Q4m
4~5b
Qbabb}bb
Q"bbsb
}bTbxTb
498b
1Ox
41jb"sb
x}bbs"xb

D"


 b

bb jm90sbb::j
5]bb2b"5 1%m5x+
b >>l%b9 :bb9
bb"b)"
 %b)bb
b5>)++b
bs9 9+9b

 6> 9:1!:"qb


b 1jT4+bsj#"
 6sbjba"
 6x}a 81$ Qxs +
 6j:9b+1b)O% >Q11b%
) T;)Q)

Q& jxbb~aQ.Q.bQ
9 b'bQ( )*b,+9.-:qqq
. 0/b">Q1
( jb#  b 0/m>, +49
-.OO"jlQ3 2'
%g}j9 a b2"Q
1"1b5
0b2Qb5
4a6 % 05bl19
9)+7 8 1Qb9O_O% 9 b: b>bb9 +
:l+1( O1bbbb  11"" q
8 bs99bb">9bs
8;  }~xb}b1%bb8].b81
]
( bb<
/b= 0, +: -a: 6a1
9lb ab 9.b1m5}91
bblQ>
 jbO>1qq ?bbl929
b%O1b @
4+>~ }4W
)b.1 @ >lmb64'bbQ
>1bOa.19:s11sb
+94] B
Asb3 CsE
Dx19j
)(b+b +b5b5qQ_+
bjb}9b8j%Qbs+.
bF Asba9b:8mb
bl 19Q
Qb.b94b}l'
-a:)bb
Ds6   2bb(:QqW+1bT~
b9bOO1sQab"G
/9b9T
QOb.a)QQ>O+bb4& !a) b
Q.b4b()W@
/95qbj1bb
  659s2 b } b)b'Db9 !x(bb9
lbQlb"b9"2ml "9"
Dx b.j
 /bb.8b~.]l1& !6: /b
bs:1$ Qb9bH
ACID}  /%
]1 8bjJ /4b:9b1bbb

electric field
booms
electron
detector

electron
detector

Imager

B
electric field
booms

110Km
Kaktovic

PFRR

:bbmQ5Q
1}+jm4Q4bjbbbb4bQsbK/9
+%b1jm@1.+41Q
j%W1}}b(.151b}9L
/+b !
<
b
/911]894b6b<
As} MN-b6
Q+14b~b+ %lQb6>Q+b
1) sb

O) PQSRT VUS G)WX YZ W[S\ ]^US_SRT`RT

abcW`

jaQjQ}>)Q491x.bQ
+x1H
1b119j */bd
( 8 +
T3 9)a1)QO)+:  ]xT mjO j%b
l.xQ1b)xb9 b>9bja}bsH
b>
bQ

efhgji klnmBo6pqksrItnuVkcvxwymzF{9|~}m{k){lumkmvI}z:rBzy{z
 ^Dsb(Ds1bQb8b1b,+}b
OOT
 TmbOd( bla5++
Ds::y (Ds+# "^_.bb(bb
>bbqbbb :T.bbM b( .b  b'L
- :+
1TbObbO7
-  M bNM M dM jl
1b"]lJ/ b@x
D 5}/ b2b 9~}
TTK( mjy bb~
+ 1)Q

Ds::y (Dmn+ bj q9W.b)" 9q(


b:bsbmT b

 B-E( y+ 5Fb:'b bb bb1


L(21#+25@> q%M 1b1b9
b,M d( ba +
 s bb: 9"1 b "b"~N%m95d5
;a 9bT81> I( ba+
 b1b N Tb bQB( b}x)86
a+
- :)bbbJ 1b.l)bb>1!:a
- :5+:
 jA+- }a

 bb"Om QT
efeuV|~mthtGI}kQrItukcvwymzy{|~}m{k){lnumkmvI}z:rBzF{9z
jmQ"jbbbTO OxbOl 9bJ
 b1b O)X( 1bb#+
 j  H ( b  : 6: y+ )* a 9>!9]1
1b: 6
 H6M }~cMxD ')0 b 1lb[( 1 qDI+
- :)bbb 1Wb4WJ(b1
- .
 jA+- }a
bO1>  b
ef*pG wymzF{9|~}m{k){lumxkmvI}z:rBzF{9z
jlQabbbq1bbbb8(xbxq
C}jD1  m 

 Ds::y J/6 }J/#b+b+j )?


bb(bbT1b(ba.b ).bMb(b
b 5K
- :+1bsbm"b- MbNMMdM
}/ b9bj% b60 b:  +bF, 9}b:
T6I( l8+
 b1b O)X( 1bb#+
- :)bbb s4b945bbT9!
- .W:
 jA+- }a

 bb"Om QT

ef5|u}mvkcz:vxlnkclnm
4 
 H b"5$ 81Qb CsHbabbQ7 b9Q

>

 NsH"T$h>Q1
O D" RYKSR)_SJ bRW[S\ {J WX4
E9NyNN
y:6:
FN%::cS:9%V%;;

F%yy%%96n9:9y

9E;N%:yN~%~:~%9

9F6;ENNN9N
y;%::9%:FyN9xnyyN69NNFF

9:NF996
y~yN~69996y%

6yyNyN9y9%N%0N~6:yyNyN96~y:N

6yyNyN9y9%N%Fy9~y6:

y;F:j6;69N

9NN;FNF~
9NN:9%6;y
jN9N
6y6;y6:N9%:%F

N9E::6Ny%F:NF9y

N9999N
N9999N:5n:N%:N9y9N6:N9

N9jF9N:E9y:N~6N6yyNyNN95#~:%y9N~
N9jF9N:E9y:N~6N6yyNyNN9586F9y
F:6;3y9NF6y

;%:9~~;%9;N%;FF9:9yF69NN%F~N:N

N~6:j6yyyNN~ 8:6F;y:y6%:~%::N~
FN%::cS:9%V%;;

6yyNyN9y9%N%N%86:;:F

9;jFyN~%~:%

9F6;:6~9%NNNN
:yN%9%jy66

F6:9~y%;:FN
Fy9:y9E9%66F6::N;y#~NFy9~
9N;N%6:NE;%~66F6::N;y%96
y~F:j6;y6:N

N9999N
N9F:y6F

N9N;9%%9N
F:6;3y9j6:9F;Ny669N9F96y

9NyN;%Fy

96N:y

Fy6yyyNN~ 8:6F;y:y6%:~%::N~
FN%::
;
9F6;:6~9%NNNN
9NN;FNF~
6y6;y6:N9%:%F
:j6;:N
N9:99N
N9E::y6F6:6F96F
F:6;3y9j6:NF96F

F:;%;y:N%;

yN:N
6Ny: F6N
9F:N N:y
F9FN:9FN~~6F
hFyFn:V~~n9~%h:yFn:n~%
9NN%F~%9yyyy

9NN%F~%9y;%N9y:N::
;
96N9yyE:9N;6:6

96N9yyE99Fy9N;6:6

96N9yy9N~6:

96N9yy9EyNN:%3%:N

96N9yy9E9N

96N9yyE~N~y

9NN%FyjN9N

Rc

GUS]\

b>'bb:5)>Q2
Cs}  ~19Ob4b%b'>bbb
1Z
/lQaj: b(bQ  1b
sbxT  baj1}"  0 
mbsabb

 ]#%bbam+1%b}6b +h
51bbs)6  ( +#+
 5+Qbb1
- :>b
 ]# %b>4
 ]# %b>4 bbmb
 .b1 mC mj

) 

 WSBW[]`RT

j1lQ0m1%% 9ba 
b%~
(mj +s551b.F Qx5 1QbTb
"bbmb Obb J:  9
( ) *b +
lQb j>mj'1b2: 
() *~ +bTb
b
 sb Cs} M  sxm>h bmQ
}.b}4Q(h %bb5b W} 9qb
+j}9;bT0m}mb] Cs}
9 +h bb9"b

fhg
XTmlnmVz u<u|z @Blnmz dkmvBln|9{9z
j25b2bb 41 s J7: bb>
baKs
C 6 >T94b"a+b%1%b
s b4Q b Q 9 )7
b:&2 14'Jb9%q2
8% "b
feu<uzm{mmkcz
j@9s2@1%)@Q b'lO
4l+1~ M6ACDDs::y  bTbs5s
[
Ds::y  jTbmjj9  b}B
/T9@199":  b
bbjb55[
( N +
>.q Qb@1 b. 1Q()
b .c
a1bbb8~^
(b:xba
+j~8mbabb
+T As"x>bs9ls%>8 N lb
ja_9bTmbbG
/9524Tl6b"bO
/9T2b4"Qb

f*I}kQrItukcvz.o^o6^ltnv
]b8xxb~9sbxj)*: Q
j  H
b~j: Q 9 bl~j~b 9j1bb
b>5'6lbb@>6bQ"b>.b
5xQ@25bab}1sj8b2
a1al6b": b+9Tb
Q4"1Qbb)1b9+j.5)
"bbxa bb"9l5Q"9".}4b1%b9
995 46  >b2b"9"b"mbm~9
19b5>: Q'>.b1lb
{TbTm b4T9OO W%b 6 T4bb
9" %9O 9Obmam

fpGGz
}bb& j1.24baJ/bW(b15C}a
Qb]~+ j1Qbjbb94m_b
lbW"> 2 q9b@j'>b

m14Q b]s14Q4:b>bab:sb91
)sxbI b)Ob1%bT6 ( )
b" +O1q9 (b1
 b^
/Q
x4Wbb+8a% 8b+6l9'
l
b QQ

bF bb')bb'4b)J /b{9


1O b: # N %Q)%21bmj} /b
b 9Obbm4bj1q+b
'"' bl'.
Cm+m bb@ 95qb
Q mb99b%a4b9QbO91  Q
J  jlbT8a'j1>>+9b 

 ; }bb%a 9}}
( 1 
+ b>s5s 1OQ
6b]jb%b.ba :10Q1l>b>
 ( +Qb,+

 5}bb]j1b.))xb}Q)
: 1}bbb0mb
 1b99D sD
C 11b1a
 s; jxq:h
bb)T: 29bQ
 j{  9(%b1b1bq%(m b:!
 b 6
b9%b98) 0bsbb0
 26j j26x)gb?T)%bb"
)bObmJ/ 9bT. T+4DI
 jb
 b& jmxab5523 9TlTQ 05
b b#>
Obj" ;)Q"6mb
f [Q|~lhm{! l"{ #1utn}$>zF{lhk){Qz
bQlTb8:balb9!l
}
bb}Q@Q2x9(( !~bx}
QmOxbOlja9b1bm1bbb

9NyNN
y
;
y
:N::



%~66
V~66

%&%V

%)

N9%:%F
N:
9F66NNNN

%

 V('
)%
*yyQ*3 ('

N9NyNFN~6:~E99

V


%)

9N;6:6yFNyN
:N~696:N9%:%F
N9N9%:%F
9F66NNNN
F6::N~F%96
yyF

*'
*'
QnQ*'
%
V%V

9N~696yyyNN:NN~6F~E~9:
FyyFNyN
y
N9%:%F
9F66NNNN

+%%)

V %~6
VF ('
QyQ*3 ('

FyyyyNN:NN~6F~E~9:

n

%;
j1"?Q@b1}bbW ++ 1b'}
C j

bQ]b(984b]%b1b+Q@.b% T1
+]
T

,O -Y .GUS] cR
/Hfhgji klnmpqksrItnuVkcvxpqu10Q|32E54B}l|v
 8bM1yM-a:1bb76 
6  O"
 1j1%8
/Hfe^o:9dtnvI}ksrItukcvp>u10Q|;2E54B}ln|Qv
6 ?b%X( ++
 bb7
 b%%( +Qb+

 m 1
/Hf*pG I}kQrItukcvxp>u10Q|;2E54B}ln|Qv
 1%76 1

jl9 Qlb~bmjb>Os 9+.b

H/ f TmQ|ktum{z.o1pqu<0Q|<rBzF{9z>=uV|i klhmkmv^o:9dtnvxksro
tukcvz
bT x42QW(8+Qb~bW7
b>Qsbbjbn >.bn O
? sb
a1%bbbm ]js++~MACI
D b1Q
.
6 Jb> j?
6 6?  b j)}b
94]bsb% :bb1]b+
9ls)}b>
 + 9  +xl4Q>}%

9"1Q>abb5Os9b
[
  xb%xbxb1b..6JZ %
bQ)j(bbj@
6Q_6qbb

Jb jmbxB
A+bj
6dM%Q > CA9
+5@baX
6]b" 0a]b9aD
66

?9.1b6bX
(bT))1b)>a
)Q +9Obb4bb
9:  1+9Q4.b:b%bb+9:
%bl+~ MAICD'b1Qj9:lb%bE 6:
jmx.bmb m :jQO %bj.b9j+T
?b}8j8}bj0]b~}1
/Q
Dms CX js+Z
D9
CF
66D:b:sj9: 
 ? +b2>b%b
D9 bQ)2b 
b~}9bb:^
/b Dm Tb>T
(
%
+"b1) a D9sd
C bO)ab
J  }5) b5: QbGx88.b+x 
b4WT W Qb''Ob1bj"8.bx$ b
Q)  6
6dM%946bbb.jab+b.9
"6)aQ>l}2j  H
;9 bbQ1G
A.  
+": 9:H
Aq Ob @Ob bQO
156")x$ b Q2b1ab2j9
99Q)bb
-a:  9"b>"# */x b~b%bxblQ
Qx) *Q4b9 -.abbbbj9b9 -.bb
%I
66 6]Q1lm1 b Q Cm}:  9
9b%b :jmsb9 +)_msbbs+
bbb~8j.I
-a:+bH
( 5 , +9s7
66  ( b +
.b



c `

WS\ PQLKNWM9 NYZS2.HcYZSR

O fhgji klnmpqksrItnuVkcvQPi

kmv
umm5R3{uV|
5OQO1mTbb9b bm+bOTsb
5OQOm b%1%m991%m6
9yNN~:N;FNF::3%:F~16F
%N9
:
F
9N9
69:
Q:N;6:6hj.%E~F
E~6y
yN;6: TS;F
:;S;F
>N99
V>N9;&:
^y; y~N:
.~6y
yN;6:FUS;F yFUS;F
^yy y69:%y:~
.~6y
yN;6:US~yF
US;F
^y9 yy6;%%6
.~6y
N9y6 TS;F
US;F
%V^yF yE~9;%~6
.~6y
N9y6yyF
!S;F
V^;yN%:
.~6y
yN;6:FUS;F yFUS;F
'^;N%:%yF;
.~6y
9%FF9N!S;F
US;F
%^;6jN%j9F6;%~6
.~6y
N9y6yyF
;S;F
yQ^;%~6 ;6
.~6y
N9y6yyF
!S;F
%:N9:E9:%FF~
.~6y
9%FF9N;S;F
:US;F
V:N9:~69;%%6
.~6y
N9y6 yyF
!S;F
:N9:9y6
.~6y
N9y6 3S~F :US;F
%6:y:F
.~6y
N9y6 yyF
!S;F
%6:y:F
.~6y
N9y6 yyF
!S;F
V%Vq:yN6;
.~6y
N9y6 ;S~F 3S;F
9:y
Wy~F
jXs
C }?bbjbabbm9j9b

D  b,+ j]]}1b1
Q (m
Q%  b]8b( j%,
+ 9sC 5( "+VxC + O9sC -( "}9xC + OQ
XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
6:99%y9%6
:y:N;;y\[N3yN%F:NF%:

N6:96FN6;F:F%N:F
;
9y:N %: y;y%9N%


]F
~N

%
]F
~Nn:NNF::6F

yy
;%~y9N9y:Nj6
^]FyFC_N6;:9%;;C_`]:N;
%
y9N
~:F99%
;%F:N:6:;6:N:F

6:y6~NyyF
6:y6~NyyF
6:y6~NyyF
6:y6~NyyF

;a]

'

;
V%

+'
y
~
y

%:
:cb6
ydS
;y
;
y
9

y;y%9N%
:y96y:j;
FN%9FF+S6yyy9
yyF9 N:N~::9
yyF9 ~9:%y:~
:N9:9%yF;
:;6y::N9

9Nyy::NjN:FE~6:9N;
;
9y:N %: y;y%9N%
%
e[
;%
yyF9~9;%
y
yy
:N9:~69~%%6
N
;6
yyF9y6~%~6
%
y
y:
:N9:9y6~6

6:y:F
:y:N;;y\[N3yN%F:NF%:

FF%FyFy:9N
FyFyj:9N
~6: FNF9
yF ~F9
yF ~F9
FF%FyFy:9N
6:y6
6:y6
6:y6
6:y6
6:y6

yF:F9
yF:F9
yF:F9
~F9
yF:F9

9NN6~;) 9N
FFF~6NN6;N;
XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
Q (Ds91 -a: +.+bb9j)b1 ))Q 
Q68bc(j%+b++ 5N-( " C} +
O+ N -( " 9 Cx +OQ

XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
6:99%y9%699
:y:N;;y\[N3yN%F:NF%:

N6:96FN6;F:F%N:F
;9y:N N: F;%9%

]FyNF ;9N
:y6~69Nyy:

]FyNF ;9N n:Ny::6:;


:y6~69Nyy:

Z[
yF9
%Ny9::Nj6
:y6~69Nyy:
%
e[
yF9
%Ny9::Nj6
n:Ny::6:;
:y6~69Nyy:
'
y
y~FF99%
:y6~69Nyy:
XCXCX
f]FNN9Nyy~yE;NNy)S36::6FyFyj:F qyF9y;yyy:
;%F:N:6:;6:N:F
;a] ; N: F ;%9%
%
y
:gb
9 y:6y:~6N;
%

y`Sy; : 9N%yyF+S6y;

yyF%jyyFy%:
NN~6:FF%


%

y
y

%
V%
+ '
~

y
y`Syy
yF
y`S:F
::

F:jN~69E99
:9N%yyF+S6yy
F:%yF;
:9N%yyF+S ::
F9Ny9N9F99ihEj
E:EF9
93~6y:~99

NN~6:
F :9
NN~6:FF%
NN~6:
 FN9
NN~6:FF%
NN~6:
FN9
yyF%jyyFy%:

9Nyy::NjN:FE~6:9N;
; 9N:N N: F;%9%
y
`%
y:
Fyy9;69~%~6
:y6
yy::9

C'Z[
y
Fyy9N9y6yy~
:y6
FN9
F
ye[
9N& Fyy9N9:
~yN9N%1%~6%Fy :y6
FN9

FZ[
9N Fyy9N9:
~yN9N%1%~6%Fy :y6
FN9
F
C%e[
:y
6:y96F
:y6
yy::9
y
Y'Z[
N
N;N;6:TyNE:N
9yyyF >;EN:yF:%:y
N;
+'N9FyF
:
k[

yF6;6%F
%:;;N%Nj6:F6
:y6
NFN9
:
Fe[
X y9 y9 >;6FVF;NNj6y96y:
y
l
]FyN9 ]:y93]:N6N9 m9y6:99nm.;%:F;]F:NN;N6
l9:NN9N q e[Tqa[
9NN6~;EF ;
FFF~6NN6;N; qc>cSC' yc F C%cSY' q&qF
XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
O fe^o6^lTtvI}ksrItnuVkcvoPi

kmvumm5R3{uV|Epzgq

9bjsbO

O f*pG Pi

kmvumm<R3{9uV|
jm]b4b%9 % ]0 4++bjm:9j.b1
~1Qbxh b>19}a# ]bx]l9

)aT : b+mb5bb)aOQ
jT1bb@T9]11(b""1 nb
(Q:: +}1V -:Wbbb).j b5j}9
5>:5a1ab1:1  :j
bbb9}4h 0/sbabb99bb
-a:)"
"bs(: Obb'1 b>>
Asm)}b
1T.2Oab)j% /Qjj1:T9a2"b$ 

O b4b.+1LAICDbbWa(42Q
2.T:bjbb@].bq Q6292b}m
0
bb9b%1%m9:m

Fy6yFNyN

::N%:~6F~%3~6y)

%N9
Q:N~696h%;F
>N999
V>N9y9
^y;
N:
^yy
9:%FF~
^y9
9y6;%36
%V^9NN&N::%
V^9NNN::%
'^yF~69;%%6
%6:y:F
yQq:yNN66

:
E6y

F
y~6:

9N9
rS~F

69:
FUS;F

.6y
.6y
.6y
.6y
.6y
.6y
.6y
.6y

y~6:FUS~F FFUS;F
y~6:!S;F y;S~:
N:y6 rS~F US;F
N:y6 rS~F US;F
N:y6 rS~F US;F
N:y6yyF nUS;F
N:y6yyF nUS;F
N:y6 ;S~F :US;F
9NFy
Z'y;S~:
Q (Ds91-a:+.+bb9j)b1  ))Q 
Q68bc(j%+b++ 5N-( " C} +
O+ N-( " 9Cx
+ OQ
XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
6:99%y9%699yE:y
yy9%~696y
yy6~69
XCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXCXCXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXYXYXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZXCXCXCXZX
sO  R W[S\ a
JccUS\2R YBK D" 7 cR
?j8bmbb99%!lj1sjkt1
5TQ"%
BCmbamKCm69
m8O6
9mj0b DIa'DI+jQT1"bb
9m 98%sb

9mjbb.>6b 0bS(>6:: Q
;a:3 !0 *Oj9 0Ta~+
sb
mb+(Q1AxJ 0bWb?u % M+Wba6
Q5  C 1b 0bOb7u  M!DmsC?mb

mb9T8%911)QObb
9mj)1ab
I-:) T?W6 b 9T8%m

mbs:lT b )QTbb M
9mj)1abaT b% 4
s5O
9mjbb%% BDIV.1b8 b8
9mjT+
s5OQD9sdC?4@%
QQ(+j%
m]aj  H
996 
m}Oj  H
G86

m]lj  
86+b
m}j  H
986+b

vO ]wGUS_

NxBUSJcR WS\ y+SYd` cR

zHfhgjp1rB|uc{5R{"ml*Rszkmvxlhm}thtQ|z
}(@Q ~TF 9W}+4bWb9
b1m]1j 9j9B( 4,+ 9"Jj
(  + WT mC +M}C ax:} Q sT) bQ
j  H
9: b89bQbl%a9bbb(sD aj$
:
+ bT%mC +M}C jx5 a mlj  G
1
9]bT("gj(  x
+ bqmC +M}C jx
}b(.Q41+9]1d/ 9]q+9
b2l'9bQbb

zHfhg|tnurIm{zu1}|a}Il~0
jlb9b  +q% b@Q'(qCs}+9 
l jT)* 'Q4Q )bb 5) 69@2

.bj)b 1%b4)b>b14
 ab1%9:9bblbm b8.]bb
g1 181}bb+sW "}
1WQ
(a"bb9 +891bQ1.494b4j19
1b  11%?9mbb.
9T 9  ]m 9bbd
bOQm+bQb
21
( >  
M6b +j2h  
1WQqbbabb'6)G
Mj1lbqbQb
(
blI
+[
}lb.18.b
(bb
b +b1@:1x1b}(b}+9bb(}
Cs>' 'sbbb691'
bb

zHfe9dtnvz9}ksrtuVkcvvTtuTrIm{
Tsb_Q 1 (9b%bbbbQ b
bmab))bbb1l2bb}b bmb

zHf*pG vTtuTrIm{
+xbTjbQ F  1b:bb9b Q9
abbOb1%9ja:b 1+9bTja1TO
bs()+b# */ba N Wbbaj:Qxbbbl
F a%Q1lb8bb9%Q..b
:41@ 4jlb@b29W1ab+
W:TW1Q ]6b) 'b@
M}}+>)5Q@W DIjxxT>1
QY "b]b
%1b8bj99b
(b9 +6 bbb bTQb9)bjT6m1b

 ."4Q1mj4bb19>mbQm %61
b5Tb bb 1%T
sb2l1T"b@a>bbjQ"bb5l
ab: 
]bb9a')b
(xb"H
+jl9J 
  bbTQ>9T4bb>b Mb M6DIa9

 jmb2a.bWm">$? %}b9_ bbj


b9b4.bb>a% s bb%19mm%
4a'b bjTa"T

 jj%$? %bb%+?b]Q%.%
b)b99ObjQb1

 jss }:9sQ6b4 b]sQ16


jN %l4b19?Obj49m$? bGQ1b:4

 (T1@QW( DITb@b2x )M6b4lT)


bTmja'"}."l'DB
 j9 Txb5bH-% 9lj"a:x2"
"b b198.b5b

+T

YZSJ)YKR


jl1%bs9l OX(1b9+9a1TQ

Dm4E
Ds 1j2 x5.'99m5b 1
QTm(
}(:b)bb5bb6b298b
D9sd
CG9
l8b b 9b9Oa+b)O1)QOmq
}Q# *Qb%9%~89j  

bTxWb bb+94 x@q mb
T9bbb"%lb1%b
44

abR.Hx])SR)YZR

6+b41b}+b%q@4@Q 4}W+Q
mbbm11b9j1]b: 1b9jbb
jb" ]jb)>QO99 +b!0QO
9 xmjy O
O)

W\ W[Q;WM<YZ

?jbb"j9%bT%)b1bb
dO

cW.<)YZc` y
WX)W

x%9b a:1b b 
~
Qb%"6jab ]j%bbm}nbO>
bq6"(K
Ob
-a:qbbb5jb
Qb .9bbOTb

I2

Uq)ZW[R R  .GUS] G R


R J J J&`DP]^USRE9+qc_SJ&`

W[Z2c

W W[])

}  j4lb+bb+@@W:a: 
)Q2O@bW)lb@Gbb(O>T
jab1 
(bK
Cs+;9b1]Q +}
QTbbb9b%bb9mT+ bOd


 5W+@"bQW. /@%+

 89NT bj+sbb
4 1@(N+ [DsQ69>1 6
 sbb}1bb}a
6@b s
- B 1 @Q Qa}
J/ 55"l4bb
 ]sx9C Tb Oab
 sD aaOa b QOb 
2 )bTQO1%bOTOa
4b%b j1 b"T sTObbD}"
bxb m41m]assjb4h
5
n/   QZ AbbQ
5bb  j4bb1x2Qb@x}}
m:4.b44: b1ba 5
1 a4>b >bq9^
Dsj
Ds] >
bQ41 b} b1bsbW6 ?b+6@b(b
)(1T@b
-+b (s1@aq8bx1
bb44)b'Q})1 ]>
@>b >'b jO89.>bb 'b'9
Q1%9)  14Q b
s8  OV
xb">mb@
FDI
?)

.SBb -JLKNYZV W[m

gE Hfngi lhmln}

t*{l{}v
x}.bb OX bb
Cs1bsbb)T
Q lbb2ja"Q1]J?
b%%+4}1  sQ)Q

gE Hf*eumlnmmtn
5TOmj jaOQ 0ab"abTKbbOamj
9:abb8s bb1%8. lb]mjaa%
slb1mb]mb1b]</ Qb9sQ4(
/%>b
+ J7 b>.b$ bbQ>9+ :b+b1
8b}.b99 abbb"4>b" jb1%b
5:+8
Cs
Cx}9l9A )9} j( s)*Q 
>b5bbb41b2 @sl2: ?
bl1 bb2@)"Qb" 4ja5bb
b( bb qj)9>Wmj')Qb.'>9
bT.b> bm 0bT1 m+
j")b}8

 xb bQb

 }QT6T1941bmb1%s1b
 6x~11%
 s1b1%+mlbb}Q@5
8b j61b b 9 bbQ"js9
- T
 b)4bQb1K( 6bx+ )1x4
O19bj1b b
] "8b1.q(b 1" b

/b>b9bblabba1b} q5
bb ":?4 Ob W1 b4b4bb
}^
(1 +1}1 0b: b
(b , +O9 ( lW /b;jO9}%
baQb49TN #a Q

gE Hf0p>ulnm{lnmkmvp>kQrItukcvQ||ksr u|~k){lum2E<4B}l|m{z
jbbb~m1xQl+Qbj.sba.B
j2bQ 0bQl9]1b(1blTQ
b9 >asb>x.bQQ90}bb
bb .}bs9 >9)+>Q1
(
q +jWGQ) 2bbbb 1 9
b T
MOj)) *Qb' 9
> 0bq9qbb  
M"j>>1
Q"T1) b)Q99b ja)QO9
bjb1]jb1mb%46  b"+b"
j>) 0bqQa9](bW@6lbbQ8b
( jO1Q .bb.9:bWOb29@bWm
Q1
b9bb94H
/%a]91b]
9I
1lm904  b:bb !b+b1
j
C}a jb

jbjs%0%b8a.m81 ~x
b+9++>b>Qbm+1Bb
] ) *blQ}b8j.9a}9%bbb
b".') *Q 51TG
 81
Qb s +}bl)Q4Q+1QO66)9
~+
)sQ1Tjbj9m+Q9
% )'
b(jab%1) 0bqQ
~1bX
b@ a)>65+W6
b9>1Q5b6Wm8l1bb@25
ba
)b
j4Qs9~gbbx+]Qajbx}
T~@bb(Oq
( +x+)QQ@ 41
(1 b
b +]q
(~ +]1++9j1Q>
(Qb
a91 +

gE Hf z9lhm
s bx~1b Z815Q52a:Q1@KDBmb5
b}Q14)xsbsbbjxb1 b:b
)a98


gE Hf .{:{l{}vum{|ut^<rBzF{9
6 mjl8a.lx6 +bb
%bb9bOOm
,O

W 4 ]^U@@YZc

 }b)mQ(1b.b,+b%b5:
"Ob

 9Q14W91b8bb2?"N 6Q
%bsbbm4Q1xbx( mjl
- +:+
 9Q1: Qa1bb8 bb21

4  0
4  0
 ]a99>
4 6% 0
 mjQ1sb"_N x8 Za
 }: @bb6 X/ )1 ' 9 @Q l
]1bbq]bbG( ]9Va
+ 9"]91a
b%b

.W[US NYZS\SJ YZSR

 Nx99bQ2m8998NbmQ
 jQ9Q 1x1%
 IbT9bm}41}
 11mZ( b~+
 ~5+bTj16;l
 ~"b%bJ
%b0 Q)
Q7 } 1j9l+4 
j4Q9mbK( b~+

 9jbbO)as9J%m%bjO%b9m1
4  
 "OO9 m%mj  TB
sO

NYZ S].2SR)J 

R)R YZ ]^U89R RNJVJW

 s dT

 5OQO1b 5{ Ob!mjq1%b[.b:
X% >! >6a DB!xx.b))6 Q6b)
l@%
 )* bOmbJ q+TbDq1/%!ss
.b2T69 9Qbj 4b

 ' O.Obb)bTG/!xb
T6m 9Q6bj(b

 sQ>1& W)0b'1QW6695>Q5
m9j})* 1b1.Q % >! .>1
Q}j1"Q+b!  : :5 9b +

 1sb1 G-a:">Q52! )*b@b


}(@x
D ":!Ds:: s b69!Fb
b:q bbqbb:!mDx.5
J0! bb1j9QTb")
b491mj&%! 1bl69 G@(
O.[ bWI+
+ }@1lx+@/ %
a@%

 m bb& x 4bbb
 -+O: CxHO14x%4}Q>!x$
h% ObT_N}4
 b6 q+"9ObT9 5 W
>Q3
! x Wb"bb6")QDbl
! x bDb1bb %
 Q Q : bb>@6l
! b
Qbb b9b %6>O4b
b

sO

S US

]^U89R RNJW

j:11 bb]bbb+.b1ba?
.bbq(b14@QWbbbK( Qb+j4b
9 bT4T9b+bm

 s  @

 5OQO1b 4b9!mjGb1b)OX_$
8! 2)J DI6! x.bqW6+ }bxWbO
bba)/ Q
 )* bOmbJ q+TbDq1/%!ss
.b2T69 9Qbj 4b

 ' O.Obb')bTG/!xb

T6m 9Q6bj5b
 sQ>1& W)0b'1QW6695>Q5
:b9m 0b46]Q %!:Q
1"}s}W4b !0  : :qa9bm4b4

- :">Q52! )* b@b


 1sb1 Ga
}(@x
D ":!Ds:: s b69!Fb
b:q bbqbb:!mDx.5
J! bbm146xb2b@5Q1
bT9ls1b&0! 1s1619 1gG(
O.[ bWI+
+ }@1lx+@/ %
mb9a@% "
 m bb& x 4bbbT9O
4  x% 4}Q>! x$
 +- O: xC H O1
h% ObT_N }
4 
 b6 m.%bT9a:9:
b&! s bbba }b(b6! 6M b1bb
"Q

OT  U2RcYZSR5WS\ ]Oq.I NYZmVSR


 "Q2]bM6mjTQ9!b"]bb>k2sQ
1

 19b8Q bbOO)QO"6
 "QbT"b

 T1)QO bM bj1


 j1jbj11
 CmmjTbb
O)4 RTYDK\NYZ W< R
;
y
SF~y%;FN;
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
8yyN:yC'y;y
SF~y%;V*yN;%eN9NyN;%FyHN
9N
yyFyyy
96;wS;:N
Fy~:99:y
9;yy6N9%:~:9FFF9N9~y~:
96:yF%9NF%F
9 FFy
8yC%yyyyyFN
:&V6:y nNN
N~:yNy
:N9~Fy6y:~FN~:
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:y
8yyN:yyFy
N~)*:9FNyYy:NN%FnN
96E6yyN9N~69F6
F:y:Fyy;%F9
F%9NF%F6N9%

y:F6a~T9N9%9VNN
69N^FN~y6F
;;F6:y69NyL9y6:9
F%9NF%F6:9F;%%:
: yF
8yyEFyyyC%F~
69NN~y6yZyynNN
b ~9^9N::y
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:y
8yyN:yyY'`%y
b~9)*:::yNC:N;%FHnNN
Ny^~F;
;NN9~Fy6963:69:F:~yN~9
yyF;y%9:y
96:yF%9NF%F
9 FFy
8yC%yyyC';%y
;%9Y6:y nNN
~%99:y96
F:y:Fyy;%F9
F%9NF%F6N9%
:F:6a~T9N9%9VNN
b %Fy:y
69F669E:6~:6F
F%9NF%F6F::%6N6cS:N99NN
6~y:ydy 0N99NN
:;9%~%
69F669E:6~:6F
F%9NF%F6F::%6N6cS:N99NN
yyy 0N99NNN
~~yNN~%6F
6y:6~696yViSyyVSF~y
~%6Fd~N90yy8
9696Ny:
6y96:6~:6FiSyyVL~F%~F

Ny%y:Z~N90yy8
:;yN;:99:%N
yyFyyyyFyyyyFyyyyFyyyyFFyy
S9jVGy~NN
N:N;V%V>:~%C%
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:yyFF
8yyN:yyY'`%F
9*N;NNky:NN%FnN
9N9699y
F~ ~:99:y
9;yy6N9%:~:9FFF9N9~y~:
96:yF%9NF%F
9 FFy
8yC%yyyN9y~
9:`6:y nNN
96;;NN
:N9~Fy6y:~FN~:
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:y
8yyN:yyyFy
6; *~NNY:N;%:N
NyN~y
69F66F6F9
~6~9:y
F%9NF%F6:9F;%%:
: yF
8yyEFyyN9C'`%
Ny%~yaNyyN
9%96
69F66F6F9
~6~9:y
F%9NF%F6:9F;%%:
: yF
8yyEFyyY%
:%*:eyyHNN
969yGN:y9
96NNF6:Fyy

9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:y
8yyN:yy;y%
969y0*9N:yk:NyN;%FyHN
9%9yy:;
9F6;;FN%~N9%F%y~%.N6:
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:yyFF
8yyN:yFC%
:%8Fy:;:N;%FHnNN
9:yj;
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:yyFF
8yyN:y:y
::y*~;%ey:NN%FnN
9:6F~
yyFyyyyFyyy
%%:y
N:N;V%V>:~%C%
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:yyFF
8yyN:yyY'`%F
%H3:y9NN;F
y &y:
:N9~Fy6y:~FN~:
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:y
8yyN:yyyFy
N&:F:k9NN;F
b %6y~y:
N:N;V%V>:~%C%
96NNF6:Fyy6:%F~9
9NyN;%Fy9yyN:
96;9NSyC%:yyFF
8yyN:yyY'`%F
:%6H0~y9k:N;%:y

a:Obbm( Dx +

8+9VDsbmbb

  b

a::}%Obb

59qbb21bbj j:bm b "


( k A' 1b, +1WO: A A : bbOb :A
 !0bb9bQl69bT+k A! A4%"kAba/O4

  x~bsbb~!b1b
jb2O94

Deflectable Aperture
Electron Detector
40 view

FWD

Grounded screen
57.5

MCP

3.5 inch

30 pad anode

Deflection plates
Voltage 0 to +850V.
Deflects up to 2Kev.
Stretched hemisphere
energy analyzer

15

blind spots block


paths that would
cross segments.

Forward plates deflect.


Aft plates are grounded.

10 view

8+9}/babbTb

89'1%

9'b1%bVCs jd bb>

Related Interests