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FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 1.0 1.

1 TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY Project Site Location and Biophysical Characteristics

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The proposed project site is the Municipality of Carranglan, Nueva Ecija (Figure 1). It is located at the mainstream range of Carraballo Mountain, northeast of San Jose City. It has a total area of 30,806.66 hectares covered by Agrarian Reform Community of which Barangay Puncan has 5,271.6949 hectares, Dig-dig–8,015.0630 hectares, R. A. Padilla–5,2560726 hectares, Putlan–3,574.00 hectares, Minuli–2,212.83 hectares and Capintalan–6,477 hectares. Out of the total land area of the six municipalities along Maharlika Highway, 2,483.032 hectares or 8.06 percent is devoted to agricultural production. About 28,323.66 or 92.0 percent of the land area is unclassified forest or grassland. The coming in of the Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) program in the area significantly increased forest plantation, thus protecting the hill sides from severe degradation due to erosion. Rivers and waterways are threatened to dry-up during summer and silted during rainy season. Conservation of water resources is very important for sustainable development in the future. The six barangays covered by CASCADE are accessible to all types of land transportation facilities. Puncan and Capintalan are 17 km and 48 km from San Jose City. Their main agricultural products are rice, vegetable and root crops. Secondary sources of income are sawali, basket and broom making from the forest products of bamboo, rattan and tiger grass. Sampaguita and ilang-ilang production are best alternative sources of family income. Most of the areas are rough to very rough with soil type of clay loam with sandy loam type along river flood plains. The soil ph is 6.8 and Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P) and Potassium (K) content was low as indicated in the Soil Test Kit (STK) result. Ilang ilang and Sampaguita can thrive well in these areas. 1.2 Sampaguita Production

Sampaguita [Jasmin sambac (Linn.) Ait.], the Philippines’ national flower, grows in various types of soil in a wide range of climate in the country, except in elevated areas where the temperature is too cold for its growth. It has widely distributed strongly anchored roots that grow in branches that come in contact with soil. This makes it a good forest cover. It is not sensitive to any soil type as long as its is not water logged. Under full exposure to sunlight, and under hot conditions, it bears flowers profusely with adequate fertilizer supply. TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS

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TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY

Figure 1. Project Location

these can  TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . To improve soil tilth.1 Propagation from Stem Cuttings  Prepare the following materials:  semi-mature stems or runners (8-10 inches long)  black plastic bags as potting container (2 x 4 inches)  sandy garden soil Plantation Establishment and Harvesting  Prepare the following materials:  sprayer  light hoe  rake Prepare land prior to transplanting. this must be properly mixed with ordinary garden soil before planting. Commercial harvesting usually starts eight months after transplanting flowering seedlings. Sampaguita plants can last for more than 50 years with minimal management.    Water the seedlings a day before transplanting. The double-petal variety is more fragrant but it flowers during the summer months only.0 kg of organic fertilizer per plant to increase soil nutrients.2. 1. An average sale of P2. Plant at a distance of 1m x 1m and water immediately after transplanting. An open backyard as small as 30 square meters can accommodate 25 mature plants that can produce as many as 25 liters of flowers a day. The single-petal variety is preferred for propagation because it flowers all year round when well managed. Under Carranglan condition.2.1.1 Cultural Management Practices 1. The best time to plant is during the rainy season. Well-drained soil with good tilth is essential. Apply 1.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 3 Various sampaguita varieties are available (single and double-petals).000 a day during the 4th year (10 months a year) is expected.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 4 be planted as borders of their homelots. an auxin. This is to assure good health to users of Sampaguita as air fresheners.1 Propagation Ilang-ilang is normally propagated by seeds. Apply 50 grams complete fertilizer per plant and 20 grams urea fertilizer per plant three weeks after transplanting and every six months thereafter. the seeds are soaked in warm water with an initial temperature of 60 0C for 24 hours.3 1. Propagation of ilang-ilang using stem cuttings can also be used.    Water the plant frequently during the early stages of its growth. Ilang-ilang Production Cultural Management Practices 1. can be used to enhance root formation in ilangilang cuttings. In public places.1 1.5%.3. Preserve buds by packing flowers in ice cooled Styrofoam containers. or backyard flower garden.1.3.. Spray fungicides and insecticides only when badly needed. Indolebutyric acid (IBA). Seeds are sown directly in a prepared seedbed consisting of 50% sandy soil and 50% compost. seedlings are hardened and transplanted to permanent sites.5-year-old trees is only about 3. Rooting success of shoot explants from 2. Seedlings are subsequently transferred in polyethylene bags containing the same medium. but this technique was found to be successful only when the plant materials are obtained from seedlings only. TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .  Harvest buds that are ready to open the following day. these can serve as ornamental plants in parks. Cultivate plants regularly and remove weeds. The seeds generally have a low germination rate of 70%. Germination is completed in 60-80 days after sowing. Upon reaching a height of about 25-30 cm.   Defoliate the shrubs when flower production is low. To reduce the hibernation days and enhance seed germination. Smudge or burn semi-dried leaves to drive away flying insects.

 Harvesting TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .2 Field Establishment A suitable plantation site is an area less prone to typhoon because the trees are soft and fragile and thus more liable to breakage. ilang-ilang seedlings can be planted along the Maharlika High-way from Capintalan to Pungcan and the provincial road from junction to poblacion.  Pests Insect infestation is one of the critical pest problems in ilang-ilang.  Fertilizer requirement Soil samples were collected in the mountainsides of the barangays of Carranglan along Maharlika Highway from Capintalan down to Pungcan. This will provide quality and fragrant air to passers by.3..) and leaf miner (Phyllocnostis spp. Among those reported to damage ilang-ilang trees are: grey mealy bug (Ferrisia virgata Ckll). However.8 .  Pruning Pruning is done when trees are about 2 – 2. This planting distance allows cultivation inside the plantation using tractor for fire protection during summer. Application of 1 kilogram organic fertilizer plus 30 gram of complete fertilizer per seedling at planting will provide good crop establishment. leading to stunted growth and leaf shedding and curling. Analysis of soil samples using Soil Test Kit (STK) revealed low NPK content. percent take in grafting can be as high as 80% when grafted onto old seedling rootstocks.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 5 Ilang-ilang can also be sexually propagated by means of cleft grafting. The yield of essential oil has been reported to be somewhat higher in flowers of coppiced trees than in tall trees.5 meters high to induce growth of lateral branches and to facilitate harvesting of flowers.0 which is best for all tropical crops.). Using scions of 5-6 mm diameter stem. common white mealy bug (Planococus lilacinus Ckll).1. ph was found to be 5.6. Aside from volunteer farmers. These insects attack the young shoots and leaves. Planting is recommended at the beginning of the rainy season with a spacing of 10-meters between rows and 5 meters between hills in a row. 1. atlas moth (Attacus altas L.

Isabela.000 to 45. Nueva Ecija shall be basically for essential oil production. additional flowers coming from the municipal ilang-ilang plantation will be utilized for the oil extraction. At the onset of the 6th year of operation. Hence.4. Ilang-ilang as fresh flowers cannot be transported in ice coolers.25 grams. The volume of flower production during the lean months is only 10 % of the volume produced per day during the peak months of production. A kilo of fresh ilang-ilang flowers contain about 800 pieces or one matured flower weighs about 1. 1. Based on this estimate.  Yield of Fresh Flowers The yield of fresh flowers of ilang-ilang is estimated at 30. needed for the extraction process will be purchased from the community at an increasing trend in volume until its production is stabilized on its fifth year. Tarlac and Ilagan.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 6 The tree bears flowers all year round with peak season in the months of March to May.. The flowers may be harvested for oil extraction when they attain maturity. The raw materials (flowers). ilang-ilang flowers are one of the best sources of organic essential oil. indicated by a change of color from green to yellow (about 20 days from start of blooming) with brown colored center.4.000 pieces per tree per year for trees 5 years old and above. as an effect of heat.1 Proposed Ilang-ilang and Sampaguita Development Program Ilang-ilang Development Program Based on literature survey and technical advice from the Department of Science and Technology (DOST).1 Potential Area for Ilang-ilang Production TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . It is at this period when flowers contain the maximum quantity and good quality of essential oil. This has been proven by the experiences of entrepreneurs from other municipalities like in Anao. it is proposed that ilang-ilang production in Carranglan. The staying power of its color is very short. 1. Collection is done early in the morning to avoid the dissipation of its delicate fragrance.1. This will lower the cost of raw materials since the plantation is LGU-controlled hence the cost of flowers may be lowered. the yield of flowers may range from 38–56 kg/tree/year. Other provinces followed suit like the LGU of Quirino Province. The availability of ilang ilang for the operation of the extraction plant during the lean months will be filled by areas planted beyond the minimum level of operation of the plant.4 1. Immature flowers harvested from the community and the municipal plantation will be utilized for the cut flower project component. it will turn brown when preserved in coolers.

• Since ilang-ilang trees start bearing flowers on the third year from year of planting.075 kg/ha/yr) of ilang-ilang flowers. • An ilang-ilang oil extraction plant shall be located beneath the Municipal Building (Annex).1. these areas are suited to ilang-ilang production. Among these are: corn. in general. an area of at least six hectares near the targeted location of the oil extraction plant was pledged for ilang-ilang production. In addition. an area of at least 6 hectares shall be planted by the “ALYANSA” members with ilang-ilang trees. • TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . Besides. national. mango. many of the areas covered by ALYANSA are already planted with mango and forest trees as required by the Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) program. The said area is the minimum area required to supply the input requirement of a 100-kg capacity oil extraction machine at full capacity. At present. Initially (during the consultation meeting with ALYANSA officers and members held September 16. 2002). the above stated area will be enough to provide the input requirement at full-capacity of a 100-kg capacity oil extractor machine on the 8th year from year of planting. coffee and other crops like tiger grass and banana. One.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 7 Based on the biophysical characteristics of the area ALYANSA members in particular. With an average production of 20 kg/tree/yr (or 4. in the short-run. there are competing crops which are equally suited to these said areas. Others were committed to coffee and cassava production project. and the Municipality of Carranglan. there is an on-going LGU-ALYANSA-NESTLE cassava and coffee project in the area. It is recommended therefore that marginal areas can be used for ilang-ilang production. and municipal roads are potential areas for ilang-ilang production. provincial. a two-pronged approach is recommended. and coffee. However. It has to be noted however that some members believed this can be an alternative crop for them. It can be intercropped with tiger grass. Hence.4. oil extraction can commence on the third year.2 Implementing Strategy   In ilang-ilang flowers production. areas available for ilang-ilang production are those areas which were not planted to fruit trees and/or forest trees which are adjacent to the proposed oil extraction plant. 1.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS • 8  The period from 3rd year to the 4th year shall be considered a learning period for the ALYANSA.5. ALYANSA can opt for an additional 100-kg capacity or a 200-kg capacity oil extractor machine. The detailed technical assumptions on ilang-ilang production and oil extraction are shown in Tables 1. • On the 8th year. TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .

TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS (ILANG-ILANG) TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS 1 Working days in a year 22 2 1 Number of oil extraction batches per year Hours requirement for oil extraction 10 3 Production of essential oil 1 Production/100 kg fresh flower Price per liter essential oil 10.300 P/ha 3.Business Manager 320 16 Office Supplies 50 17 Marketing expenses 500 18 Repairs & maintenance (starting on 3rd yr) 3% of purchase cost Building 10.000 m /ha) 200 Ave.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS TABLE 1.000 300 600 3 P/kg Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/month Pesos/liter Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/batch Pesos/yr Pesos/yr Pesos/yr loan 100.000 Pesos int /yr loan 4.000 8 Labor for care & maintenance (P/ha/yr) 2 Land clearing times per year 15 1 3 Fertilizer application time per year 2 3 Pruning times per year Wage per day of hired labor 100 9 Labor cost (harvesting) 10 Utilities 1 10 Fuel wood Per kg kg/batch 10 Electricity Water 15 Light 300 1 11 Amber bottles liter capacity 50 Pesos/bottle 50 12 Direct labor Wages .Machine Operator 150 Wages-Helper/Laborer 100 13 Oil extraction supplies 25 14 Miscellaneous (oil extraction) 50 15 Salary .000 10% of purchase cost Water system 3.000 2 Period of payment Years x Time of payment End of year payment Farm Level 20% per annum Interest on loan 20.000 4 Fresh flowers requirement per year Capacity of oil extractor 100 5 Area required per 100 kg/batch oil extractor (ha) 5 x 10 Planting distance (m) 50 2 ( Number of trees per hectare 10.000 Planting / replanting 1.000 P/ha 300 7.000 Pesos int /yr Pesos/batch TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .purchase year Year 2 Year2 Construction of building Year 2 Loan availment Year 3 20 Charging of depreciation cost 21 Terms and condition of payment of loan Alyansa Level 20% per annum Interest on loan 500.400 kgs per batch m2 trees/ha kgs/tree kgs/ha trees/ha trees/ha P/pc P/ha P/ha mandays/ha mandays/ha mandays/ha Pesos per day 6 kgs per year ha P/ha 3.000 19 Facilities and machine installation and purchase Extractor machine.000 P/ha 3.075 6 Cost of seedlings per hectare (P) Total number of seedlings per hectare (pcs) 200 10% Mortality (number) 20 Price of seedling (P) 15 7 Labor for plantation establishment per hectare (P) Land clearing/preparation (P) 6.000 10% of purchase cost Extractor machine 30.000 2 Period of payment Years x Time of payment End of year payment 22 Other expenses 100 9 working days /mo batch per day hrs per batch liter per batch Pesos/liter 264 days 264 batches/year 26. production per year (kgs) Per tree 20 Per hectare 4.900 P/ha/yr 3.

000 25.03 Fungicide Insecticide Bamboo stakes Sub-total Year 2 : Replanting material % of total trees: 10% Fertilizer Ammophos (16-20-0) Kg/tree/year = 0.013 8.600 1.250 500 168 1.000 1.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 10 TABLE 2.000 1 Value/Ha (P) 5.1 Fungicide Insecticide Sub-total Year 4 Fertilizer Ammophos (16-20-0) Kg/tree/year = 0.600 2.968 TABLE 3.1 Fungicide Insecticide Sub-total QTY/HA 200 5 0.000 10 0.40 800 1 bag bag gram liter 80 420 2 1.000 3.00 Ammophos (16-20-0) Kg/tree/year = 0.000 800 168 1.000 3.000 1.12 800 1 200 pcs bag bag gram liter pc PRICE/UNIT 25 80 420 2 1.000 168 1.000 300 50 60 18 100 528 ITEM QUANTITY UNIT 1 1 1 1 6 pc pc pc pc pc 5 5 5 2 3 TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .00 Ammophos (16-20-0) Kg/tree/year = 0. BUILDINGS.40 800 2 bag gram liter 420 2 1.000 430.000 200 6.000 300. SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS (ILANG-ILANG PRODUCTION) ITEM QTY/TREE/YR Year 1 Ilang-ilang seedlings Fertilizer Chicken dung (every other year) Kg/tree/year = 1.000 3.00 Ammophos (16-20-0) Kg/tree/year = 0.000 12.385 ECONOMIC ANNUAL LIFE DEPRECIATION (YR) (P) 10 10 25 10.000 30.600 1.40 800 1 pc bag gram liter 25 420 2 1.000 400 50 1.600 2.200 168 1.000 3.568 0.1 Fungicide Insecticide Sub-total Year 5 onwards Fertilizer Chicken dung (every other year) Kg/tree/year = 3. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT (ILANG-ILANG PRODUCTION) VALUE (P) Alyansa 1 Building 2 Water system 3 Oil extractor (100 kg capacity/batch) Sub-total Farmer level 1 Knapsack sprayer 2 Pruning saw 3 Bolo 4 Scythes 5 Bamboo crates Sub-total 1 1 1 pc pc set 100.768 15 0.000 4.500 250 300 35 300 2.600 1.268 20 0.1 Fungicide Insecticide Sub-total Year 3 Fertilizer Chicken dung (every other year) Kg/tree/year = 2.40 800 2 bag bag gram liter 80 420 2 1.

0 0 8 1 . 6 0 90 3 . 2 0 0 7 . 2 0 7 9 . 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 Y ie ld (K g ) P e r tre e 3 6 10 15 21 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 1 ha 6 0 0 1 . 2 0 70 9 . 4 Y r . 1 3 Y r .0 8 0 1 . 4 0 08 6 . 0 0 30 6 . 4 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 ha 1 . 0 0 01 2 .0 0 8 1 . 1 5 20 30 42 72 72 72 72 40 60 84 144 144 144 144 60 90 126 216 216 216 216 80 120 168 288 288 288 288 100 150 210 360 360 360 360 120 180 252 432 432 432 432 140 210 294 504 504 504 504 160 240 336 576 576 576 576 180 270 378 648 648 648 648 200 300 420 720 720 720 720 220 330 462 792 792 792 792 240 360 504 864 864 864 864 260 390 546 936 936 936 936 2 8 0 4 2 0 5 8 8 1 . 7 Y r .0 0 8 1 . 6 0 2 1 . 8 Y r . 0 0 0 7 2 . 0 0 209 . 4 0 8 6 . 8 0 2 8 . 0 0 0 6 . 1 0Y r . 1 0Y r . 9 Y r . 4 0 5 0 . 8 0 0 0 . 1 4 Y r . 4 0 0 8 6 . 2 0 08 . 8 0 06 4 . 6 0 0 1 . 0 0 07 2 . 2 0 4 3 .FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS T A B L E 4 . 0 1 0 8 . 4 0 01 6 . 4 0 04 . 0 0 0 3 6 . 4 0 1 4 . 6 0 5 7 . 0 0 0 0 8 . 4 0 0 2 0 0 8 8 1 3ha 7 . 4 0 50 0 . 0 1 0 8 . 2 0 40 3 . 5 Y r . 0 0 06 . 8 0100 0 . 0 0100 8 . 6 0 90 3 . 0 03 06 . 6 Y r . 6 0 07 . 1 1 Y r . 8 0 0 0 0 . 2 0 07 9 . 9 Y r .0 8 0 72 144 216 288 360 432 504 576 648 720 792 864 936 1 . 1 1 Y r . 0 01 00 8 . 8 0 0 8 . 6 0 02 1 .0 8 0 e 1r s =l i t e r e s s e n t i a l o i l 72 144 216 288 360 432 504 576 648 720 792 864 936 1 . 4 0 04 . 8 0 6 4 . 8 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 1 5ha 9 . 4 0 0 0 0 5 5 8 ha 4 . 8 1 0 0 . 2 0 01 4 . 6 0 05 7 . 8 1 0 0 . 8 01 00 0 . 0 0 205 . 4 0 01 0 . 2 0 0 2 . 8 0 6 4 . 5 Y r . 0 0 0 2 0 0 7 7 1 1ha 6 . 4 0 50 0 . 2 0 0 9 . 8 10 00 0 . 0 0 0 2 . 0 03 09 . 1 2 Y r . 6 0 0 3 . 6 0 20 1 . 0 03 03 . 0 0 7 2 . 0 0 508 . 6 0 0 0 0 5 5 9 ha 5 .0 0 8 1 . 4 0 1 4 . 2 0 0 4 3 . 0 0 500 .0 8 0 1 . 0 0 307 .0 0 8 1 . 0 10 00 8 . 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 6 ha 3 . 0 02 07 . 4 0 80 6 . 6 0 06 . 0 0 0 2 . 0 0 01 2 . 4 0 0 4 . 0 0 201 . 0 04 05 . 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 1 T A B L E 5 . 7 Y r . 4 0 0 6 . 4 0 0 5 0 . 4 0 10 4 . 6 0 0 7 . 2 0 7 9 . 6 0 50 7 . 6 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 ha 2 . 0 0 06 . 1 3 Y r . 2 0 0 7 . 2 0 0 7 . 4 0 01 4 . 2 0 04 3 . 2 0 0 7 . 1 4 Y r . 4 0 01 4 . 0 0 303 . 2 0 4 3 . 8 0 02 8 . 8 0 0 4 . 2 0 01 2 . 0 0 0 0 . 0 03 00 .0 0 8 1 . 2 0 0 0 0 4 4 7 ha 4 .0 0 8 1 .0 8 0 72 72 144 144 216 216 288 288 360 360 432 432 504 504 576 576 648 648 720 720 792 792 864 864 936 936 1 . 0 0 10 8 . 0 0 70 2 . 2 0 0 7 . 0 0 106 . 4 0 0 0 . 3 Y r . 8 0 0 0 0 2 2 5 ha 3 . 8 01 00 0 .0 8 0 1 . 4 0 5 0 . Y IE L D P R O J E C T IO N ( IL A N G . 0 0 08 . 6 Y r . 2 0 0 7 9 . 2 0 02 . 0 0 01 8 .IL A N G E S S E N T IA L O IL ) P A R T IC U L A R S Y r. 2 0 0 7 .IL A N G F L O W E R S ) Y E A R P A R T IC U L A R S Y r . 2 0 0 9 . 4 Y ie ld ( li) * 1 ha 6 12 2 ha 12 24 3 ha 18 36 4 ha 24 48 5 ha 30 60 6 ha 36 72 7 ha 42 84 8 ha 48 96 9 ha 54 108 1 0ha 60 120 1 1ha 66 132 1 2ha 72 144 1 3ha 78 156 1 4ha 84 168 1 5ha 90 180 * C o n v e r s io n = g flo w 1 0 0k Y E A R Y r . 8 0 0 2 8 . 0 0 70 2 . 2 0 0 7 . 1 2 Y r . 4 0 8 6 .0 0 8 3 0 0 4 5 0 6 3 0 1 . 8 Y r . 4 0 01 4 . 0 0 0 8 . 2 0 0 3 . Y IE L D P R O J E C T IO N ( IL A N G . 6 0 5 7 . 0 0 20 4 . 2 0 02 . 0 0 3 6 . 0 0 09 . 0 0 10 5 . 8 0 09 . 6 0 0 2 1 . 0 0 04 . 8 0 03 . 2 0 40 3 . 8 0 0 4 . 2 0 0 2 0 0 7 7 1 2ha 7 . 2 0 0 2 ha 1 . 8 0 08 . 6 0 9 3 . 6 0 0 9 3 . 4 0 05 0 . 8 0 20 8 . 0 04 02 . 6 0 09 3 .0 8 0 1 . 6 0 9 3 . 6 0 0 7 . 8 0 2 8 . 1 5 N o o f t r e e s2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 200 P r i c e p e r k 5g 0. 3 Y r. 8 0 0 8 . 0 0 0 6 . 4 0 0 6 . 0 01 00 8 . 0 0 603 . 4 0 0 4 . 4 0 0 4 . 6 0 50 7 . 4 0 0 1 4 . 6 0 0 1 . 6 0 01 6 . 4 0 0 0 . 6 0 0 5 7 . 8 0 01 5 . 6 0 20 1 . 0 0 406 . 2 0 07 . 0 0 03 6 . 2 0 0 3 . 6 0 0 6 . 0 0 01 2 . 8 0 20 8 . 8 0 60 4 . 4 0 80 6 . 0 0 20 1 . 8 0 0 1 0 0 6 6 1 0ha 6 . 2 0 70 9 . 0 0 3 6 . 6 0 0 3 .0 8 0 11 TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . 6 0 01 3 . 8 0 0 8 . 8 0 0 6 4 . 0 0 03 . 0 0 7 2 . 6 0 2 1 . 8 0 60 4 . 0 0 402 . 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 30 6 . 0 0 504 . 6 0 0 2 0 0 9 9 1 4ha 8 . 8 0 0 8 . 0 0 01 0 .

 A community-based nursery treated as a profit oriented enterprise be established in the barangay .4.3 Essential Oil Extraction Location. this shall serve as additional source of income of the residents near these thorough fares. TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . Assembly functions shall be done in the community.  Decision to expand the area planted shall be a private responsibility of the members of the community-based organizations.  Organization members shall be the main source of ilang-ilang flowers for essential oil extraction. They shall be paid by the organization member to be paid based on the prevailing price. Building. They shall also be paid by the project based on prevailing price.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 12 Two.  The proposed area is beneath the Municipal Building (Annex) where the office of ALYANSA is located.  In addition. the LGU of Carranglan. the municipality and other government agencies shall buy their seedling requirements in the nursery..1. An LGU-initiated planting of ilang-ilang trees along the main thorough fares of the Municipality of Carranglan.  Harvests from the Municipality’s main thorough fares shall also be accepted by the project. This will assure the availability of seedlings while it adds income to the owner of the nursery. Nueva Ecija shall initiate the planting of ilang-ilang trees along the national highway or provincial road of the municipality. Pre processing at the farmers level can be done and sold to the organization in amber bottles for full processing. Nueva Ecija can augment the ilang-ilang flowers production of the 6-hectare ilang-ilang plantation of ALYANSA members.  To encourage the owner of the nursery. and Site Layout  The proposed location of the ilang-ilang essential oil extraction plant should be accessible and in close proximity to the plantation farm/s to be established.  The possibility of planting ilang ilang in hilly areas can be done. The expansion of the oil extraction plant shall be a decision of the organization.  1.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 13 Figure 2. Floor Plan of the Proposed Oil Extraction Plant TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .

Schematic Diagram of Ilang-ilang Oil Extractor TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 14 Figure 3.

rises upward through the flower charges.  Oil Extraction Processes  Steam Distillation Ilang-ilang oil production involves the extraction of oil using steam distillation method (Figure 4). The first fraction of oil carried over by the steam contains the most aromatic and valuable constituents of oil (esters and ethers. “second” and “third”. meters basically designed to accommodate the 100 kg capacity extractor with complete facilities including laboratories. thus the essential oil is extracted. It consists mainly of a boiler or heated by a furnace. The steam spread in several perforated grid. • • • • • • • •  TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . which are extracted every two hours respectively. which is usually extracted after two hours of extraction and the succeeding ones as . the plant material is supported on a perforated grid some distance from the still.  The Oil Extractor A schematic diagram of a typical oil extractor is shown in Figure 3. There is.is a heat exchanger used in the condensation of essential oil and water vapors emanating from the tank still. In this method. thus.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 15  The Ilang-ilang essential oil extraction plant shall have an estimated floor area of 300 sq. It is common practice to designate the first fraction as “extra”. whereas the later fractions consists chiefly of sesquiterpenes that have little odor value). Figure 2 shows the proposed layout and plan of the extractor plant. A general steam distillation set-up consists of the following: Steam Source or Boiler – a steam generator which supplies steam at the required pressure and flow rate for its passage through the plant material in order to extract the essential oil. a lowering of oil quality as distillation proceeds. a condenser and an oil separator. • Condenser . Below the charge is a perforated steam coil where high-pressure steam is introduced. • Tank Still – a cylindrical stainless where the plant material to be extracted is placed. This method shall be done at atmospheric pressure or under vacuum.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS • 16 Oil Separator – a glass or stainless steel container used in the efficient separation of oil from water. Fresh Flowers SORTING Rejects STEAM DISTILLATION Solid Waste DECANTATION Spent Liquid Spent Liquid DEHYDRATION Residue PACKAGING Ilang-ilang Oil TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .

wood shavings. bagasse. • Tank Still . It may have suspended impurities and appreciable moisture content.  Direct steam distillation excels the hydro steam distillation in terms of costs.  A general hydro steam distillation set-up consists of the following: • Furnace – a heat source for the heating of water inside the tank still and consequently distilling the plant charge in order to extract the essential oil. the plant material is supported on a perforated grid some distance from the still. and rate of distillation. • In this method. and other available indigenous fuel. The method is similar to pure steam except that it utilizes water as the heating medium. • Oil Separator – a glass or stainless steel container used in the efficient separation of oil from water.  TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . rice hull.a cylindrical stainless steel tank where the plant material to be extracted is placed. Below and not touching the grid is enough water for distilling the whole charge. but the initial cost of equipment is higher. wood. • Condenser – is a heat exchanger used in the condensation of essential oil and water vapors emanating from the tank still. capacity of production. • • The water is heated by direct fire using different types of fuels such as LPG. Flowchart for the Production of Ilang-ilang Oil 17  Hydro steam Distillation Another method of oil extraction is hydro steam distillation.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS Figure 4. • The essential oil is extracted by wet steam rising through the plant charge. Packaging of Extracted Oil  Essential oil obtained from oil separator is in crude form.

000 per liter. The fresh flowers should be available early in the morning extraction. Hence.  The dried oil is then stored in amber-colored bottles in a cool place to prevent destruction of the oil structures. It means that the 100 kg raw materials can produce around 1 liter of essential oil. sufficient quantity of a drying agent like anhydrous sodium sulfate is added to the extracted oil (about 1 gram for every 100 ml of oil).FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 18  Presence of moisture and impurities can adversely affect the shelf life and the quality of oil.  On the average the selling price of oil is P10.  Time Required for Oil Extraction  Approximately 8-10 hours or one working day is required to complete one extraction cycle. at present. 2nd and 3rd extracts are divided proportionately. 1.  To remove adhering moisture. This is called the first fraction.  Input Requirement The proposed plant can accommodate a maximum weight of 100 kg fresh flower in one day. Out of this. it is best TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .  The amounts of 1st. after which the mixture is filtered to remove the drying agent and suspended impurities.2 Sampaguita Development Program Sampaguita flowers based on literature survey and expert advice from specialists of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has low oil content and besides it requires an intricate process of extracting the oil content.4.    Expected Output The extractor shall have a percentage recovery factor of 1%.  The oil with the drying agent is allowed to stand overnight.  The second (second two hours) and third fraction (third two hours) comes out subsequently and should be placed in separate containers with labels as 2nd and 3rd fraction respectively. the best quality oil drips during the first 2 hours.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 19 suited for garlands production.2.   A sampaguita shrub starts to bear flowers six months after planting. Hence.1 Potential Area for Sampaguita Production Considering the biophysical characteristics of the areas covered by ALYANSA.2.500 square meters. Only ALYANSA members whose houses are along the national and/or provincial roads shall be encouraged to plant. TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . Technical assumptions on sampaguita production are shown in Tables 6 – 9 below.   Production of sampaguita flowers shall be on per household basis.4. However. Sampaguita production is labor intensive. Fresh flowers have to reach the target market at the least possible time.  Initially. Existing sampaguita farms ranged from 30 square meters to 2. areas along the national and provincial roads where ALYANSA members are found are potential areas for sampaguita production. many areas are fitted for sampaguita production. Garlands production shall be delegated to the cooperative or association member of ALYANSA within the barangay.    With a maximum area of 30 m2 per household.2 Implementing Strategy Sampaguita production shall only be planted as a backyard garden and/or as perimeter plants.4. These are:    Puncan Joson Piut Since these barangays are all along the national road. 3 barangays with 10 households per barangay shall be encouraged to engage in sampaguita production. for fresh flowers production. accessibility is a crucial factor. accessibility is not a problem. 1. 1.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS  20  Yield in year 1 is estimated at 5 liters per shrub per year or 125 liters per household per year. fertilizer (organic & inorganic). Material inputs shall include seedlings.The community-based association shall bear the risks of borrowing for its working capital ( to cover the cost of sales and operating expenses). serving as anchorage.  Sampaguita will be planted as a cover crop in hilly lands.On year 2 onwards. The participating farmers shall shoulder the cost of production including the seedlings. yield shall increase to 15 liters per shrub per year or 375 liters per household per year.  TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY . chemical (insecticide. fungicides). It will be planted in accessible areas to assure the freshness of the flowers for garland making or for packing. It can crawl and develop roots on its branches that touch the ground. and bamboo stakes.

25 Labor 0.625 0.33% Association level 1 1 1 25 Association Association Association shrubs liters/shrub/yr liters/shrub/yr Pesos/liter buds per liter of flower pc/garland garlands/kg abaca Pesos/garland Pesos/garland Pesos/garland Pesos/pc of sales of sales 1.a.000 600 TABLE 8.75 pc bag bag bag kg liter 25 80 410 420 1.750 450 4.10 4 0.500 350 35 300 2.000 50 21 8 2.10 0.00 pcs bag bag bag kg liter pc PRICE/UNIT VALUE/FARM.000 600 1 5.50 0.000 Abaca 0./interest on loan 4 yrs repayment period 23.500 300 25 7.20 150 30 0 3 0.000 Sampaguita flowers 1 Ilang-ilang flowers 1. TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS (SAMPAGUITA PRODUCTION) TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS 10 households Joson 10 households Piut 10 households Puncan 30 m2 125 li/hh/yr 375 li/hh/yr Initial barangays/households to be involved: Area to be planted per household: Production of sampaguita flowers : 5 Year 1 15 Year 2 onwards 30 Price per liter (P/li): Garlands production 1.250 li/brgy/yr 3.00 0.904 75 50 21 42 3.04 100 20 1.00 0.1 399 interest exp for 1 mos.15 Selling price of ilang-ilang Operating Expenses 0.388 % of total shrubs: 10% Kg/shrubyear = Kg/shrubyear = Kg/shrubyear = g/shrub/year= ml/Shrub/year= 1.750 li/brgy/yr 6 buds/garland 500 Pesos/kg abaca of cost of yr 1 prodn cost of annual cost of sales & & operating expenses 20% p.10 0.05 Marketing expenses 5% Administtrative expenses Initial Investment 100% Farmer level 8.10 Overhead 2 Selling price of garland 0.958 Pesos/for Yr.625 0.185 TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .50 25.00 0. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT PER FARM (SAMPAGUITA PRODUCTION) VALUE (P) ECONOMIC LIFE LIFE (YRS) 5 5 2 3 ANNUAL DEPRECIATION (P) 300 70 18 100 488 ITEM FARM LEVEL Knapsack sprayer Bolo Scythes Bamboo crates Sub-total QTY UNIT 1 1 1 1 pc pc pc pc 1.05 0.02 2. TABLE 7.05 0.FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 21 TABLE 6. SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS PER FARM (SAMPAGUITA PRODUCTION) ITEM Year 1 Sampaguita seedlings Fertilizer Chicken dung Urea(46-0-0) Ammophos (16-20-0) Fungicide Insecticide Bamboo stakes Sub-total Year 2 onwards : Replanting material Fertilizer Chicken dung Urea Ammophos (16-20-0) Fungicide Insecticide Sub-total QTY/SHRUB/YR QTY/FARM 25 Kg/shrubyear = Kg/shrubyear = Kg/shrubyear = g/shrub/year= ml/Shrub/year= Pieces/Shrub= 1. (P) 50 80 410 420 1.

FEASIBILITY STUDY RESULTS 22 TECHNICAL AND PRODUCTION STUDY .