4 views

Uploaded by Stephen Yan

save

- The Sine Rule
- Calculus 7th edition_Ch08
- CBSE Official Answer Key 2018 Code GG
- Strategy for Integration
- Forces Review
- Calculus Teaching Project - Raju
- pipeline project final
- Set Theory Notes
- Organizational Physics Free Book Chapters
- Ground Sensor ETOG 56_ETOK 1
- unit8-day2-quiz
- Fundamental Class - 2 by Ashish Arora notes
- Helmholtz’s Theorem
- Lista 5
- Práctica 3
- ch23
- Curvas Paramétricas y Geometría Diferencial
- 144729164-Problemas-Quiz2.pdf
- Trabajo de Analisis Mat. i
- Control Avanzado
- Método de Newton.docx
- Calculus Sem1 StudentVersion
- christoffelsymbolsDerivation
- Física Matem teoria e aplicações.pdf
- Krebs Chapter 12 2017
- Conceptos Básicos (1)
- PID
- COLUMNA LRFD.pdf
- Caracterización de Máximo y Mínimo.docx
- Re82137 Ny12 Teste Global 1
- Laplace's Equation
- Ejemplo viga Hermitania
- LA INTEGRAL DEFINIDA UCV
- Application 4 Cours Chapitreiii Flexion-simple-diagrammes-nmt
- 33281932 DSP LABE Solution Mannual 03 by Ziafatali
- Matrix Norm
- Funciones trigonométricas inversas
- Prueba Matemáticas circunferencia.doc
- Marketing Research Methods
- PERT CPM
- Oiml Bulletin Oct 2009
- Tema Vistas
- danyest2

You are on page 1of 4

Stephen Yan

October 16, 2012

(1)

u

t t

u

xx

=0 may be rewritten as

2

u

t

2

2

u

x

2

=0

u

t

=

u

t

= f (x +t ) g(x t ) u

t t

=

2

u

t

2

= f (x +t ) +g(x t )

u

x

=

u

x

= f (x +t ) +g(x t ) u

xx

=

2

u

x

2

= f (x +t ) +g(x t )

u

t t

u

xx

= f (x +t ) +g(x t ) [ f (x +t ) +g(x t )] =0

(2)

We set up the system:

f (x) +g(x) =u

0

f

(x) g

(x) =u

1

knowing that u(0, x) =u

0

and u

t

(0, x) =u

1

Recall the Fundamental theorem of calculus:

If F(x) =

_

x

a

f (t ) dt then F

(x) = f (x) given that f is continuous and real on a closed interval [a, b]

Thus f (x)g(x) =

_

x

0

u

1

(y) dy +c where y is treated as a dummy variable, c is an arbitrary constant, and

u

1

=( f g)

(x)

1

We can manipulate the system, and nd that g(x) =u

0

f (x) and then substitute into the

above equation to arrive at:

f (x)[u

0

f (x)] =

_

x

0

u

1

(y) dy 2f (x) =u

0

(x)+

_

x

0

u

1

(y)dy f (x) =

1

2

u

0

(x)+

1

2

_

x

0

u

1

(y) dy +

c

2

Similarly, we nd that g(x) =

1

2

u

0

(x)

1

2

_

x

0

u

1

(y)dy

c

2

Recall that u(t , x) = f (x +t ) +g(x t )

Substituting for f and g we nd u(t , x) in terms of u

0

and u

1

to be

1

2

u

0

(x +t ) +

1

2

_

x+t

0

u

1

(y)dy +

c

2

+

1

2

u

0

(x t )

1

2

_

xt

0

u

1

(y)dy

c

2

simplifying to

1

2

_

u

0

(x +t ) +u

0

(x t ) +

_

x+t

xt

u

1

(y)dy

_

_

_

xt

0

u

1

(y) dy =

_

0

xt

u

1

(y) dy

_

An odd function is dened byf (x) =f (x)

Observing u(t , 0) to be

1

2

_

u

0

(t ) +u

0

(t ) +

_

t

t

u

1

(y)dy

_

we rewrite it knowing it is odd as

1

2

_

u

0

(t ) u

0

(t ) +

_

t

t

u

1

(y)dy

_

=

1

2

_

t

t

u

1

(y)dy

This evaluates to

1

2

_

u

1

(t ) [u

1

(t )]

_

Because it is odd and thus anti-symmetric,

u

1

(t ) =u

1

(t ) and is thus 0, satisfying the wave equation.

Similarly, we nd u(t , 1) to be

1

2

_

u

0

(1+t ) +u

0

(1t ) +

_

1+t

1t

u

1

(y) dy

_

We can eliminate the u

0

terms knowing that the function is odd and they are opposites and

be left with

_

1+t

1t

u

1

(y) dy =

_

1

1t

u

1

(y) dy +

_

1+t

1

u

1

(y) dy

A periodic function is dened by f (x +k) = f (x) where k is some integer (in this case 1).

Let z = y +2k and dz =dy as u

0

and u

1

are periodic with periods of 2.

Thus

_

1

1t

u

1

(y) dy =

_

1

1t

u

1

(y +2k) dy =

_

1

1t

u

1

(z) dz

We nd that

_

1

1t

u

1

(z) dz+

_

1

1t

u

1

(y) dy =0 because of periodicity, satisfying the wave equation.

2

(3)

If u and u are solutions to E, then we assert that u= u or alternatively:

u u =0

Using this fact, we can also dene boundary conditions for w(t , x)

_

_

w

t

=u

t

u

t

w

t t

=u

t t

u

t t

w

x

=u

x

u

x

w

xx

=u

xx

u

xx

w

t t

w

xx

=[u

t t

u

t t

] [u

xx

u

xx

] =0

w(t , 0) =u(t , 0) u(t , 0) =0

w(t , 1) =u(t , 1) u(t , 1) =0

w(0, x) =u(0, x) u(0, x) =u

0

(x) u

0

(x) =0

w

t

(0, x) =u

t

(0, x) u(0, x) =u

1

(x) u

1

(x) =0

Knowing these conditions, we can proceed to differentiate E(t ) =

_

1

0

(w

2

t

+w

2

x

) dx

E

(t ) =

_

1

0

(2w

t

w

t t

+2w

x

w

t x

) dx

We can break this into separate parts as 2

__

1

0

w

t

w

t t

dx +

_

1

0

w

x

w

t x

dx

_

We can integrate the second component using integration by parts. Recall that for some

product of two functions,

_

udv =uv

_

v dv

For

_

1

0

w

x

w

t x

dx Let

u =w

x

du =w

xx

dx

dv =w

t x

dx v =w

t

Thus

_

1

0

w

x

w

t x

dx =w

x

w

t

1

0

_

1

0

w

t

w

xx

dx

We nd that the value w

x

w

t

1

0

is 0 because w(t , 0) =0 and w(t , 1) =0 from our boundary

conditions.

_

1

0

w

x

w

t x

dx =

_

1

0

w

t

w

xx

dx

We can re-substitute this into the original separated E

(t ) and nd that E

(t ) =2

_

_

1

0

w

t

w

t t

w

t

w

xx

dx

_

3

2

_

1

0

w

t

(w

t t

w

xx

) dx

We know w

t t

w

xx

to be 0, integrating the argument gives 0 E

(t ) =0

Thus we know E(t ) to be a constant and E(t ) =E(0), implying that w(t , x) =0 for all t since

w is a component of the derivative of E.

- The Sine RuleUploaded byMuhammad Nur Aizat
- Calculus 7th edition_Ch08Uploaded byيقين عبدالرحمن
- CBSE Official Answer Key 2018 Code GGUploaded byangelyn martinez
- Strategy for IntegrationUploaded byfragilewindows
- Forces ReviewUploaded byVoormila Nithiananda
- Calculus Teaching Project - RajuUploaded bygaurnityananda
- pipeline project finalUploaded byapi-239383275
- Set Theory NotesUploaded byRalph Recto
- Organizational Physics Free Book ChaptersUploaded byAnonymous p8HfDhAjYX
- Ground Sensor ETOG 56_ETOK 1Uploaded bycinefil70
- unit8-day2-quizUploaded byapi-261280967
- Fundamental Class - 2 by Ashish Arora notesUploaded byphysics
- Helmholtz’s TheoremUploaded byedwarzambrano

- Lista 5Uploaded byAlanCrystianSantos
- Práctica 3Uploaded byChristian Villares Holguin
- ch23Uploaded byMostafa Diesel
- Curvas Paramétricas y Geometría DiferencialUploaded byJosé Holgado Ramirez
- 144729164-Problemas-Quiz2.pdfUploaded byBenny Samir Bautista Escobar
- Trabajo de Analisis Mat. iUploaded byKerly Jimena
- Control AvanzadoUploaded byAlexander Baldec
- Método de Newton.docxUploaded byEddie Pospoy
- Calculus Sem1 StudentVersionUploaded byratliffj
- christoffelsymbolsDerivationUploaded byskyemac
- Física Matem teoria e aplicações.pdfUploaded byRaimundo Costa
- Krebs Chapter 12 2017Uploaded byLucilo Campos
- Conceptos Básicos (1)Uploaded byWatermelon Ruan
- PIDUploaded bymoisons
- COLUMNA LRFD.pdfUploaded byPaulina Loachamin
- Caracterización de Máximo y Mínimo.docxUploaded byasciovilleb
- Re82137 Ny12 Teste Global 1Uploaded byBeatriz Silva
- Laplace's EquationUploaded byapi-3839714
- Ejemplo viga HermitaniaUploaded byVale Ortiz
- LA INTEGRAL DEFINIDA UCVUploaded byGianFranco Castro Calvo
- Application 4 Cours Chapitreiii Flexion-simple-diagrammes-nmtUploaded byChadbra
- 33281932 DSP LABE Solution Mannual 03 by ZiafataliUploaded byMalcolmMelvin
- Matrix NormUploaded byDivya Tejaswini
- Funciones trigonométricas inversasUploaded byJohnny Gallegos
- Prueba Matemáticas circunferencia.docUploaded bynaisabel
- Marketing Research MethodsUploaded byAbhishek Sharma
- PERT CPMUploaded byOrlando Rodriguez
- Oiml Bulletin Oct 2009Uploaded byAntmavr
- Tema VistasUploaded byJuan Paredes Campos
- danyest2Uploaded bydaniela