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MD300 and MT300

Technical Description

MD300 and MT300
Technical Description

20.11.2000

2 / 24

Version 1

.................................................. 23 20.............. 12 Three-phase measurement . INFLUENCE VALUES ..................................2....... 12 EMC protection. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ... LED INDICATORS........................ FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAMS OF MT300 AND MD300 METERS ....................................... PHASE VOLTAGE UNBALANCE INDICATOR ..............................................5......1.............. 22 10..... BASIC MEASURING PRINCIPLE........MD300 and MT300 Technical Description CONTENTS 1.........................................................1.1... 3....................................................... 2........................................... 3.1................ CONTROL CIRCUITRY ...........................4........... 7 2.................................. 2................................................................................................................. 3..................................................... METER ENCLOSURE...... 14 Pulse divider stage..........4................2....................................... TERMINAL BLOCK........................................... LOAD CURVES: ......... 2................................................................................ 19 6.................................................................3........... 18 5...................... 13 3...1...... 15 Pulse length former stage ........2........................1................ 21 8................ MEASURING VOLTAGE INPUT.......1...........1........................................... MEASURING SYSTEM.. 15 3......................2............. 17 5......................4............................................. 7 2............................... 15 3................................. METER UPGRADING ............................................2................. 13 3........ Meter with logic gates as control circuitry .............................2....................................2....... 3...2................................... 2...................... 9 Power supply stage with over-voltage protection ......................4.2..4...........3....................................3.. REGISTERS AND INDICATORS ......1......... 7 Measuring module................2................................................................1... 13 3............................................... METER CALIBRATION..................... 14 INPUT AND OUTPUT.................................. 14 Pulse output ..................................11... 13 Meter with microcontroller .......2000 3 / 24 Version 1 .............................. ENERGY REGISTRATION ........................................... Energy measurement with a SMART POWER SENSOR .... 20 8...............1....... POTENTIAL LINKS................................................... MEASUREMENT CHARACTERISTICS.... 7 2............................................................ TECHNICAL AND FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.......... 19 7........................................................2.......................................4............ 17 5............. CONNECTION DIAGRAMS ...........3............... 15 4..... REGISTERS . 13 3...................3........... 8 2........................................................................................ 21 9..................2............................................. Tariff changeover input.... 16 5........................ METER TYPE DESIGNATION ..............................3......................... 3...................................................................3.................................. 12 3................................... 16 5................... 6 2...........

MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 20.2000 4 / 24 Version 1 .11.

11. 20. • Functional upgrading: simple further upgrading with ISKRAEMECO TS 8 Ripple Control Receiver is possible for remote load control and tariff change-over. • Impulse outputs: standard impulse outputs allow remote transmission of meter measuring values to the data recording and processing equipment.e. • Active energy measurement: measurement of import energy in four-wire systems • Tariff registration: energy is registered in one or two tariffs.2000 5 / 24 Version 1 . robust and reliable registrations. • Cyclometric registers: simple. for indoor and outdoor applications. • Measuring characteristics: all measuring and technical characteristics comply with the IEC 61036 (1996-09) standard for active energy. maximum demand measurement and two way communication via telephone. class 2 or 1. CaTV or low-voltage network. or ISKRAEMECO P2 communicator for TOU registration. (i. • Quality: the meters are manufactured in compliance with the ISO 9001 quality standards.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description THREE-PHASE ELECTRONIC kWh METERS MD300 and MT300 Technical Description A family of the MD300 and MT300 solid-state three-phase electricity meters belongs to a new generation of the Iskra monolithic electronic meters which are intended for domestic and small commercial applications. therefore the uniform quality of the products can be guaranteed to the customers. load profile.: ISKRAEMECO POREG 2).

M D T METER TYPE DESIGNATION M T 300 . 20.V12 G12 . Single-rate meters have no additional mark.D2 A 5 1 .11. make contact indication of phase voltage non-symmetry 300 D1 D2 A 4 5 1 2 * Two-rate meters only.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 1.Opto-MOS.2000 6 / 24 Version 1 .F THREE PHASE ELECTRONIC kWh-METER electronic meter three-phase two-element meter three-phase three-element meter meter with cyclometric register(s) terminals for Imax = 85 A (direct connected meter) terminals for Imax = 120 A (direct connected meter) active energy accuracy class 1 accuracy class 2 one direction energy measurement two direction energy measurement V11 * V12 * G12 L11 F capacitor type voltage input for tariff change-over resistor type voltage input for tariff change-over impulse output: S0 type – optoisolated impulse output: relay .

If the sensor is placed into the magnetic field B(i) (which is generated by the load current) and current I(u) (proportional to the mains (load) voltage) flows through the sensor. Voltage (named Hall voltage) appears at semiconductor crystal sides when it is in a magnetic field and carries an electric current. Hall effect.2. 2. is typical phenomenon for semiconductors.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 2. 20. This is a Hall effect sensor. It ensures an accurate. The Hall effect sensor is used as current sensor as well as an analogue multiplier.and MD…) is based on the integrated Hall effect sensor.1. 2.11. discovered in the year 1876. MEASURING SYSTEM Energy measurement with a SMART POWER SENSOR Smart power sensor technology: Iskra has developed an original and patent pending solution of the Hall effect sensor which is integrated into the same silicon chip together with digital and analogue electronics of the meter. Hall voltage is a vector product of load current and load voltage.2000 7 / 24 Version 1 . 2.1.. then the Hall voltage is proportional to the electrical power of the load.2. With an appropriate configuration of the functional stages inside the chip a reliable and time stable smart sensor of the electrical power is obtained.. TECHNICAL AND FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION BASIC MEASURING PRINCIPLE A measuring principle of ISKRAEMECO monolithic meters family (MT. time stable and reliable performance of the meter measuring functions.

2. The IC is positioned in the core air-gap. the MT300 electricity meters are equipped with three measuring modules. Load current I flows through a current loop of the electromagnet. 2. Measuring module 8 7 2 LEGEND: 6 2.2000 8 / 24 Version 1 . The MD300 electricity meters are equipped with two measuring modules connected in phases R (L1) and T (L3). PCB 6. Current loop 5. made of a high quality magnetic material.11. Encapsulation: The IC (chip) is made in the MOS technology and is encapsulated into a hermetic ceramic case. Magnetic shielding 1 The measuring module of the MD300 and MT300 electricity meters consists of the measuring IC (Smart Power Sensor based on the Hall effect sensor) and the current electromagnet. 20. Spring 5 4 3 1.2. The digital-processing part performs input/output and test functions of the measuring chip. Isolation plastic 8. Magnetic system holder 3. which generates a magnetic field in the core air-gap. Ferite core 1 4.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description The analogue/digital electronics converts voltage of the Hall effect sensor into quantified impulses (Wh/imp) and compensates influences of temperature variations and Hall sensor non-linearity. This assures high resistance of the IC to ambient climatic influences and long life. The current loop is separated from the meter electronics therefore the influence of mains-borne disturbances to the meter performance are negligible. Ferite core 2 7. A heavy gauge magnetic shield protects the measuring element from external magnetic fields.

3.2000 9 / 24 Version 1 .11.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 2. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAMS OF MT300 AND MD300 METERS Single tariff MT300 meter kWh imp/kWh Single tariff MD300 meter kWh imp/kWh 20.

MD300 and MT300 Technical Description Double tariff MT300 meter 1 kWh imp/kWh 2 kWh Double tariff MD300 mete 1 kWh imp/kWh 2 kWh 20.11.2000 10 / 24 Version 1 .

registers with step motors and impulse outputs. LED indicators. 20.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description Double tariff MT300 meter with microcontroller 1 kWh non-simetry indication imp/kWh 2 kWh µC output Double tariff MT300 meter with microcontroller 1 kWh imp/kWh 2 kWh µC output Note: The pulse output is optional. The electronics of the measuring elements is situated on the same PCB together with a mains power supply unit and over-voltage protecting devices.11.2000 11 / 24 Version 1 .

11. The voltage inputs are protected against over-voltages by metal-oxide varistors.3. Power supply stage with over-voltage protection The RC type power supply stage is supplied with all three phase voltages. Three-phase measurement Active energy is measured in each phase separately in single-phase mode.1.2000 12 / 24 Version 1 . basic current Ib and maximum current Imax is called a meter constant km. selected measurement method (Hall-effect sensor / multiplier). This is achieved by high degree of integration of electronic circuitry (single chip meter).3.. 2.240V 3x220. high-frequency suppressors..2.240V Ib A 10 5 Imax A 85 or 120 85 or 120 Meter constants km LED T=32ms imp/kWh 1000 1250 20.3. A part of a measuring chip in the phase T (L3) is programmed (by the signal on the mode selection input) as a summator of metering pulses from all phases. 2. It assures enough power for normal meter operation in a specified range. The meter electronic circuits are supplied with 5.3.. The result is three-phase energy.6 V DC ± 5%.. over-voltage protections of the inputs and the PCB lay-out. at voltage level 0.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 2. Measured values Ur V 3x220. therefore the meter functions even if the two of them or a phase and neutral fail. A number of pulses at the output of the summator generated per kWh depends on reference voltage Ur. The required synchronisation between three ICs is achieved by the system clock frequency supplied from the crystal oscillator in the IC in one of the phase circuitry.8 Vr ). even in worse conditions (only one phase voltage applied. EMC protection The meter is designed for high level of EMC immunity.

If registered energy is lower than the threshold energy or there is no load at all (the status is indicated with lit pulse LED) no energy flow direction LED is lit.1. • The pulse output is controlled by the output of measuring IC.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 3.2. The inputs are over-voltage and EMC protected.2. Two energy flow-direction two-rate meter version does not exist. The pulses from the measuring IC are fed to the microcontroller input. In case of one energy flow-direction two-rate meter the microcontroller detects valid tariff and register consumed energy at the corresponding register and turns-on the tariff LED indicator. 3.2000 13 / 24 Version 1 . MEASUREMENT CHARACTERISTICS 3. 3.2. Imported energy is registered on the left register while exported energy is registered on the right register. CONTROL CIRCUITRY Depending on the requested meter functions the control circuitry is available in two versions: • with logic gates • with a microcontroller. MEASURING VOLTAGE INPUT Measuring (voltage) inputs: the measuring ICs are connected to the phase voltage via resistive voltage divider.11.1. together with the logic gates. 20. Which energy is being registered is indicated with a lit LED by the corresponding register.2. Meter with logic gates as control circuitry • The meter measures only imported active energy (+P) • The pulse LED is controlled by the output of measuring IC. together with the logic gates. The line voltage is reduced to the 5. • The step motor of the register is controlled by the output of measuring IC.6 V level by the chain of the high quality metal oxide resistors. The pulse width is 32 ms. In case of two energy flow-directions meter the microcontroller counts separately pulses of imported and exported energy. 3. Meter with microcontroller The meter can measure active energy in one energy flow direction (imported) or in two energy flow directions (imported and exported). In case of one energy flow-direction meter only pulses of imported energy are considered.

At the kWh-meters with built-in a microcontroller it controls the pulse output.Opto MOS. The following meter parameters are programmable with the microcontroller software: • • • • • • • • • • One energy flow-direction meter or two energy flow-directions meter Pulse length on the pulse LED (in the range from 0. complies with standard DIN 43 864. 3. standard pulse length is 80 ms (other pulse length is available on request) Both pulse constant value and pulse length value can be set in a certain range.solid state . ENERGY REGISTRATION The meter registers measured energy on one or two cyclometric registers. the step motor(s) and either S0 or optomos relay pulse output.4.optoisolated. depending on a number of tariffs or energy flow directions. The kWh-meter is provided with two optional types of pulse outputs: • S0 type: maximum transmission distance: 0.5 ms to 125 ms) The pulse constant of the pulse LED (all integers up to 255 times smaller than the pulse constant of the measuring IC. 3. make contact. they are equipped with a pulse length former and/or a pulse divider stage. The two rate kWh-meters are equipped also with auxiliary terminals 13 and 15 or just 13 (in this case neutral from the meter is used as ground) for tariff change-over.4. If non-standard pulse length and/or pulse constant is required at these meters.1. At the kWh-meters without a microcontroller the pulse output is controlled by metering pulses at the output of the metering IC. Pulse output The pulse output is used for remote transmission of quantified metering pulses Wh.2000 14 / 24 Version 1 .) Starting current (by setting the time between pulses of the metering IC required that meter turns from disabled to enabled metering) Single-rate or two-rate meter version The double-rate meter versions for change-over the tariffs are available: when voltage is applied to the tariff control input the high tariff is valid or the low tariff is valid.11. INPUT AND OUTPUT The kWh-meter is optional equipped with auxiliary terminals 20 and 21 for a pulse output.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description The microcontroller outputs together with corresponding software drive the meter pulse LED. 3.5 m . therefore pulse length and pulse constant are programmed.3.) Pulse length on the pulse output (in the range from 1 ms to 32 ms) The pulse constant of the pulse output Pulse length for feeding the step motor (in the range from 1 ms to 125 ms) The pulse constant of the pulse LED (all integers up to 255 times smaller than the pulse constant of the measuring IC. 20. standard pulse length is 32 ms (other pulse length is available on request) • Relay type: maximum transmission distance: 1 km .

meter constant 3. It is isolated from the meter electronics by an optocoupler Two versions of the tariff input are available: resistor and capacitor type. so that required pulse constant is obtained. When non-standard pulse length and constant are required attention should be paid that pulses are not overlapped.5. When the voltage in any phase differs more than 80% from the other two voltages. Tariff changeover input is protected against over-voltages with a metal-oxide varistor. Pulse divider stage The pulse divider stage consists of a 7-bit binary counter and a logic circuitry.5 W at 230 V.11. It divides a number of pulses with an integer up to 127. 3.5 10 km . 80 ms. 40 ms. Possible pulse constants: PULSE CONSTANT (PLS/KWH) Divisor 2 4 5 8 10 16 20 25 32 40 50 80 100 125 Direct con. Status on the tariff change-over input is: ON if applied voltage is U ≥ 0. 20.000 pls/kWh 5000 2500 2000 1250 1000 625 500 400 312. 3. PHASE VOLTAGE UNBALANCE INDICATOR A phase voltage unbalance indicator is built-in only at the MT300 meters.2. 30 ms. or it fails.5 250 200 125 100 80 25 12.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 3. the indicating LED is lit. The line voltage applied to the tariff input is reduced with resistor or capacitor voltage divider.8Ur OFF if applied voltage is U ≤ 0.2000 15 / 24 Version 1 .4.5 50 40 31.1. The pulses at the input and the output of the binary counter are of the same length.4.1.4. Tariff changeover input The two-tariff meter versions have an input for tariff changeover. Three separate resistor line voltage dividers wye-connected are used for phase voltage non-symmetry indicator. meter Ib=5A km = 1250 pls/kWh 625 250 125 50 Transf.2Ur Burden of the tariff change-over input is less than 0. meter Ib=10A km = 1000 pls/kWh 500 250 200 125 100 62.2. a resistor and a capacitor of corresponding RC constant. 100 ms 250 ms and 1500 ms.1. Pulse length former stage The required pulse length in range 20 ms to 1500 ms can be set with a flip-flop.5 10 8 Direct con. A divisor is set by connecting diodes at the corresponding outputs of the binary counter. operated meter km = 10.25 25 20 12. The following pulse lengths can be set with tolerance ±15%: 20 ms.

REGISTERS AND INDICATORS Name plate of a single-rate kWh-meter 3 – pulse LED 4 – voltage unbalance indicator 20.2000 16 / 24 Version 1 . METER CALIBRATION Meter calibration is made in voltage inputs of the measuring system. 5.11. no meter re-calibration is needed in the entire life time of the meter. Calibration is fixed. A part of the resistor divider is used for meter calibration by inserting resistors of corresponding values.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 4.

MD300 and MT300 Technical Description Name plate of a two-rate or two energy flow-directions kWh-meter 1 – first tariff or imported energy LED indicator 2 – second tariff or exported energy LED indicator 3 – pulse LED 4 – voltage unbalance indicator 5. Table 2: Pos 1.1. 2 3 4 Function register activity starting current meas. REGISTERS The MD300 and MT300 meter has one or two cyclometric registers with 7 drums (6 + 1 decimal). pulses line voltage unbalance Marking* I. The decimal drum has 100-division marking on its rim. LED INDICATORS There are up to 4 LEDs on the name plate depending on the version of the MD300 and MT300 meter.2. II →.11. ← imp/kWh Colour* green red red State lit lit Pulsating lit Indication tariff I or II is active exported or imported energy load current is bellow starting level impulses/ kWh three phase voltage unbalance *NOTE: markings and colour of LED-s could be different on special request. The digits height is 4.2000 17 / 24 Version 1 . The step motor of the register is shielded against external magnetic fields. On request the decimal drum is coded or covered with the name plate. 5.7 mm. 20. The decimal drum is marked with a red frame on the name plate.

5 Ib = 5 A.5 ind .2000 18 / 24 Version 1 ..- 20. Imax = 120 A cosϕ = 1  cosϕ = 0.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 5. LOAD CURVES: Imax = 85 A cosϕ = 1 cosϕ = 0...3.- Transformer operating meters cosϕ = 1  cosϕ = 0.5 ind . Ib = 5 A..11.

5 ind . INFLUENCE VALUES Temperature variations: I = Ib Voltage variations: cosϕ = 1  cosϕ = 0.2000 19 / 24 Version 1 .4. Also a data logger Iskraemeco P2S can be mounted instead the RCR. METER UPGRADING A meter can be subsequently upgraded with a Ripple Control Receiver (ISKRAEMECO TS 8) for remote tariff and load control. It can be added at any time to the meter in final installation by replacing the terminal cover with an adapter plate. 20.5 ind .. It is not necessary to remove the meter.I = Ib 6.11...I = Ib Frequency variations cosϕ = 1  cosϕ = 0..MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 5.

mechanical registers.11.2000 20 / 24 Version 1 .MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 7. meter cover is transparent. measuring elements) are fixed to the meter base with the snapping pins. The sealing screws are captive. METER ENCLOSURE The meter enclosure consists of the meter base with integrated terminal block. self-extinguishing polycarbonate. The protection level against water and dust penetration is IP53. 20. Aluminium name plate is fixed to the extensions of the frame of the mechanical register(s). All parts of meter enclosure are made of high quality. The meter hook is moulded as an integral part of the meter base. for the installations where the meter is installed directly under the ceiling of the installation cabinet. Meter installation. A meter base with fixing hook under the upper edge is available as an option. overall and fixing dimensions: The overall and fixing dimensions correspond to the DIN 34857 standard. meter cover and terminal cover. Meter Sealing: Both meter and terminal cover are fixed with two sealing screws. which has excellent mechanical and insulation characteristics. Internal assembly: All internal parts of the meter (PCB. so that an access to the meter interior or terminals is not possible without breaking the seals. Meter base and terminal cover are natural gray.

21 *NOTE: numbering of auxiliary terminals can be different according to the customer request.7.1.20. On request a terminal or terminals for power supply of an add-on unit is/are attached.5 mm 2 mm num.3.9.2000 21 / 24 Version 1 . ∅ of wire 8.see table 4: Table 4 Terminals Current Current Auxiliary Imax 85 A 120 A 5A max. 8 8 4 numbering 1. Current and auxiliary terminals are made of solid brass. 20.12 13. The potential links are fixed with two screws.4.7. The terminal holes . 8. For the standard numbering . The potential links can be positioned either in the terminal block compartment or under the meter cover.11.6. during meter calibration they should be in their right position (voltage circuit is disconnected from the corresponding current terminal. Current terminals have two fixing screws with a flat slot or combined pozidrive 2 / flat slot head.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 8.6.11.15. POTENTIAL LINKS Voltage circuits of direct connected meters are connected to the current terminals via potential links.5 mm 9. It is equipped with current terminals (85 A or 120 A for direct connected meters) and auxiliary terminals. They should be in its left position (voltage circuit is connected to the corresponding current terminal) during meter operation. TERMINAL BLOCK The terminal block is designed as a part of the meter base.9.11.4.see connection diagrams.3. The terminals are nickel-plated if tropical meter version is required.12 1.

for Ib = 10 A 30 Imax 3x220/380V. Ib=10A 1250 imp/kWh. 3x230/400V...2) HF electromagnetic field 10 V/m (IEC 1000 – 4 ..2/50 µs (IEC 61036) Impulse outputs: S0 relay . +60°C -50 °C . 1. 3x120 V 0.15 Ur 50 Hz or 60 Hz 1000 imp/kWh. switching current 100 mA max. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Accuracy class Basic current Maximum current Thermal current Starting current Short-circuit current Reference voltage* *other voltages on request Voltage range Reference frequency Meter constants Fr Km Ur CL Ib Imax Ith Operating temperature Storage temperature Consumption: voltage circuit current circuit 2.8 Ur . 50 Hz (or 60 Hz). 10A. switching power 25 VA OFF ≤ 0.for Ib = 5 A <0. 1.for kWh-meter (IEC 61036) 5A. 3x240/415V. 1 . (other Ti on request) max. 3x220 V. 1. ON ≥ 0. 3x120/108V.004 Ib . +80°C < 1 W / 10 VA < 0. switching voltage 250V AC max.5 VA Resistance against electromagnetic disturbances: Dielectric strength 4 kV. 15A. 20A Up to 85 A or up to 120 A 1.005 Ib . Ib=5A -40°C ..2 Imax <0.2/50 µs (IEC 61036) auxiliary terminals 6 kV.OptoMOS optoisolated (DIN 43864) Ti = 32 ms open collector ..make contact Ti = 80 ms.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 9.3) Burst test 4 kV (IEC 1000 – 4 –4) Impulse voltage main terminals 12 kV.2 Ur .2 kg Tariff change-over inputs: voltage controlled Overall dimensions Mass 20.: 1. 3x240 V 3x110/190V.2000 22 / 24 Version 1 ..11. 1 min Electrostatic discharge 15 kV (IEC 1000 – 4 . 3x230 V.8 Ur 327 x 177 x 79 mm approx.

CONNECTION DIAGRAMS Direct connected meters 20.2000 23 / 24 Version 1 .MD300 and MT300 Technical Description 10.11.

Telefax: (+386 4) 206 43 76 Published by Iskraemeco.2000 24 / 24 Version 1 . Savska loka 4.11. Marketing Data subject to alternation without notice.MD300 and MT300 Technical Description Owing to periodical improvements of our products the supplied products can differ in some details from data stated in the document. Energy Measurement and Management 4000 Kranj. Slovenia Telephone: (+386 4) 206 40 00.11. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Iskraemeco. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 20.2000 Mt300_Ang_V1_PDF 20.