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Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering EC 2311 - COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK

UNIT I ANALOG COMMUNICATION PART – A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Differentiate between AM and FM. The carrier amplitude after amplitude modulation varies between 4V and 1V. Calculate depth of modulation. What do you meant by AGC? Define modulation index of AM and FM. How PDM/PM signal is generated? Define amplitude Modulation Define Modulation index and percent modulation for an AM wave. Define Low level Modulation. Define High level Modulation. Define image frequency Define Single sideband suppressed carrier AM. Define AM Vestigial sideband. What are the advantages of single sideband transmission? Define frequency deviation. State Carson rule. Define Deviation ratio. What are the disadvantages of conventional (or) double side band full carrier system? Define image frequency rejection ratio. Define Heterodyning. Distinguish between low level and high level modulation

PART B 1. 2. 3. Write the methods to generate AM waves. What is the advantage of using high frequency carrier for transmission. Describe an expression to show that for every modulating frequency component,the amplitude modulated wave contains,2 sideband frequencies in addition to the carrier and also that the amplitude of sideband components is equal to mVc/2 where m and Vc are modulation Index and amplitude of unmodulated carrier. Draw the spectrum of AM single for a signal frequency component. (AU-Apr/May 2006)

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PROBLEMS (AU-May/June 2010) (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) (AU-May/June 2011) (AU-May/June 2011) signal and explain the principle of (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) 14. (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) Deduce an analytical expression for the FM wave. 22. Explain the power calculations of DSB-SC and its frequency spectrum. What are the advantages of producing FM from PM over direct FM. 15. 9.Vidyarthiplus. 5. (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) www. (AU-Apr/May 2006) Derive an expression to illustrate that when a modulating signal with only one frequency component to frequency modulates a carrier. Explain in detail about the generation of FM using Armstrong method. (AU-May/June 2010) 21. 13. Explain the indirect method of FM generation. What are the benefits of FM (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) 20. 26. Page 2 . Draw the block diagram for generation and demodulation of a VSB operation. Explain demodulation of AM using envelope. 27.sideband and bandwidths 4. Draw the block diagram of single sideband AM transmitter and explain function of each block. (AU-May/June 2008) With the help of neat block diagram explain functioning of heterodyne radio receiver.Sketch the waveform and amplitude distribution in time and frequency domain.Also show the resulting FM signal has got infinite sideband frequencies. Explain modulation and demodulation of AM wave. 16. 12.list out the significance of it over TRF receivers.Vidyarthiplus. (AU-Apr/May 2007) 7. With the help of neat diagram explain FM receiver. (AU-Apr/May 2006) 6.power requirements . (AU-Nov/Dec 2007) Explain the narrow band and wideband FM. (AU-May/June 2011) With neat block diagram explain Tuned Radio Frequency receivers. 10. With suitable sketch discuss about square law detector. Draw and explain the generation of DSB-SC-AM. Explain the methods of generating SSB-SC. (AU-May/June 2008) Explain two methods of FM generation. (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) Discuss any one method of generating FM wave with neat diagram. Derive an expression of AM wave and its power relations. 8. 1. 17. Assume amplitude as 10V. 11. Compare AM with FM with respect to spectrum . Explain the working of FM stereo transmitter with necessary circuit diagram. 18. (AU-May/June 2009) 19. 23. Derive the expression of AM wave and its power relations. A carrier wave of 10 MHz is amplitude modulated to 50% level with a tone of 5000Hz.www. 24.

2. A commercial AM station is broadcasting with an average transmitted power of 10kW.Find the transmission power. (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) 5. Determine carrier swing . (AU-Apr/May 2009) 7.The maximum frequency deviation is 60kHz. 4.Find the image frequency and rejection ratio at 1000 Page 3 .The modulation index is 0.If the higher audio frequency modulating the carrier is limited to 15kHz. efficiency and average power in carrier component of transmitted signal. A transmitter using AM has unmodulated carrier output power of 5kW. 8. The carrier frequency of a broadcast signal is 50MHz.Vidyarthiplus. (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) UNIT II DIGITAL COMMUNICATION PART –A 1. Find maximum frequency deviation and modulation index. (AU-May/June 2011) 6. 4.If the intermediate frequency is 455kHz.A sinusoidal modulating voltage of amplitude 15V and frequency 3kHz is applied.Find the transmission power.efficiency and average power of the signal.707 for message signal.www. What are the merits and demerits of axial cable? State sampling theorem.6MHz carrier with a 8kHz sine wave causing a frequency deviation of 40kHz.Vidyarthiplus. A telephone transmitter using AM has unmodulated carrier output power of 20 kW and can be modulated to a maximum depth of 80% by a sinusoidal modulating voltage without causing overloading.707 for message signal .Find the value to which unmodulated carrier power may be increased without resulting in overloading if the maximum permitted modulation index is restricted to 60%.maximum and minimum frequencies attained and the modulation index of FM signal generated by FM at 101.The modulation Index is set at 0. In a broadcast superheterodyne receiver having an RF amplifier loaded to an antenna coupling circuit is 100.What is the bandwidth. (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) 3. 2. 3. In a FM system the frequency deviation is a 1kHz/V. What is Channel capacity? Define PAM.

Nov/Dec 2010) Compare QPSK and BPSK. Define PWM. Define DCM. Explain DPCM with neat block diagram. Define PPM.Nov/Dec 2011) www.Nov/Dec 2011) (AU-May/June 2008) (AU. Define ADM. 13. 18.Nov/Dec 2007) Derive an expression for average output noise power in delta modulation. Compare the performance of PSK and FSK. Give the generation and detection of FSK. 14. 7. (AU. 4. 8. (AU. Define PTM. Compare the performance of DM. 16. (AU-May/June 2009) What is companding? Explain how companding improves the SNR of the system. PCM. (AU. 22.and power spectra of QPSK. 10. 12. Mention its advantages and disadvantages. 15. 18. Page 4 . Explain PSK. (AU-May/June 2008) Explain quantization. (AU-May/June 2011) 20. 15.Vidyarthiplus. 9. DPCM. Define DM. 17. Explain about flat top sampling. 3.Nov/Dec 2009) Derive the output signal to noise ratio in PCM. (AU-May/June 2009) Compare the principles of delta and adaptive delta modulation. Discuss the generation and detection of QPSK with block diagram. 8. 21. 10. 17. 2. 19. 24.Nov/Dec 2008) Explain Slope overload distortion in DM. (AU-May/June 2008) Explain the principle of PAM with neat block 5. 14.Nov/Dec 2011) (AU. 6.Vidyarthiplus. 20. (AU. (AU. (AU-May/June 2009) Explain PCM with neat block diagram. 7. (AU-May/June 2010) Explain DPCM. ADM. (AU. QPSK? Define QAM. Write short notes on DM and ADM. How quantization noise is related with channel bandwidth? Explain PCM. 5. How DPCM is better than PCM. 16. 6.Nov/Dec 2010) Briefly explain the different step size control in ADM. What is OOK? Define MSK. 23. 12. PSK? What is BSK. GMSK? What are the applications of data communications? PART B 1. 11. FSK. (AU-May/June 2011) Draw the block diagram of QPSK transmitter and coherent receiver and explain their operation. (AU. 11. Explain how QPSK signal can be generated and recovered. 9. Explain the condition to be satisfied to avoid the distortion.Nov/Dec 2008) Explain how PCM is influenced by noise sources.www. What is Quantization? What is sampling? What is slope over load error? What is granular noise? What is ASK. signal space diagram . 19. Describe the methods to generate and receive FSK signal.

26.www. Sketch the waveform for a binary sequence 101100 modulated under QPSK. Show four differently encoded sequences that can represent the data sequence. What is the nyquist rate. Determine the nyquist rate and nyquist sampling interval for the signal s(t)=sinc(100ᴨt).LINE CODES & ERROR CONTROL PART A 1. 35. Write the special properties of MSK. What is entrophy? What is bit error rate? What are error correction codes? What is source coding? What is channel coding? What is Huffman coding? What is SNR? Draw the wave forms of NZ and NRZ. 3. www. 33. even clock. 27. 30. Determine the spectrum of the resulting sampled Page 5 . Draw the block diagram of MSK and explain the operation. Sketch the waveforms of inphase and quardrature components of MSK signal for the sequence 1100100010. Explain Minimum Shift Keying (AU. 28. 5. Sketch the clock. 8. Determine the minimum sampling rate necessary to sample and reconstruct the signal x(t)=sin (6280t)/(6280t). The bit stream 101010111101010100001111 is to be transmitted using QPSK system. 6. 7.Vidyarthiplus. 31. UNIT III SOURCE CODES.Vidyarthiplus. 32. The signal g(t)=10cos(20ᴨt)cos((200ᴨt) is sampled at a rate of 250 samples/ 25. The higher frequency signlling rate is 1 Mhz/sec and the symbol duration is 1 ms. 2. 34.Nov/Dec 2010) (AU-May/June 2009) (AU-May/June 2007) (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) PROBLEMS 29. Calculate the minimum required bandwidth for a non coherently detected orthogonal binary FSK system. 4. odd clock for a QPSK system given b(t) as 100100111.

18. 3.Nov/Dec 2011) 13. (AU. Explain about BSC.Nov/Dec 2008) 10.Vidyarthiplus. 14. Give the transition matrix and channel diagram for BSC and BEC. (AU. What are cyclic codes. 12.May/June 2007) 12. 16. (AU.Nov/Dec 2011) 18. Explain the concept and design procedure of Viterbi decoding algorithm for a block code. (AU. 17. Explain the trade off between bandwith and Signal to noise ratio. Write the generator matrix of (7. Explain about the error detection capabilities of linear block codes. Explain bit error rate. 15. 7. Explain line coding techniques with the power spectra. Explain the merits and demerits. 11.Nov/Dec 2010) 8. Explain about syndrome coding. (AU.Nov/Dec 2009) PROBLEMS 21.May/June 2008) 6. (AU. 14. 20.May/June 2012) 15. 17. Write the procedure for Huffman coding and its entropy. 9.4) hamming code. (AU. 20. 13. What are AMI and HDBP codes? What are ABQ and HDBP codes? What are error control codes? What are convolution codes? Write the format of block codes? What are the advantages of block codes? What is sequential decoding? What is Trellis coding? Why VITERBI algorithm is preferred in convolution codes? What is Shannon Fanom coding? List the properties of BSC channel. 2. (AU. 19. Describe the decoding procedure for linear block codes. (AU. Explain the concept of Viterbi algorithm. (AU. Explain convolution coding with the block Page 6 . Explain about discrete memoryless channels.Vidyarthiplus. What is Channel capacity? PART B 1. BEC and BCC. Give the properties of cyclic codes. (AU.May/June 2010) 9.Nov/Dec 2011) 5. Explain Huffman coding with an example.May/June 2011) 16.Nov/Dec 2010) 19. Explain about coding and decoding of linear block codes.www. Explain the procedure of Shannon source coding theorem. (AU-May/June 2009) 4. Explain about hamming codes. (AU. Consider the linear block code with the code word defined U1=m1+m2+m4+m5 U2=m1+m3+m4+m5 U3=m1+m2+m3+m5 U4=m1+m2+m3+m4 www. 11.

A discrete memoryless channel has five symbols x1. (i) Construct Shannon fano code for the source and calculate the code efficiency. 3.4. 9. m2. 7. 23. 10. (m2+m3). 0. 0. m3. The (7. Parity matrix and find n. x4. Explain the concept of CDMA techniques and mention its merits and demerits. 2. Explain the procedure of shannon fano algorithm and calculate the entropy for the following probabilities using the algorithm.19.15.16. (ii) Repeat (i) for the Huffman code and compare the two techniques. m3.2. 0. m4 with probability 0.1 respectively. m1 16/32 m2 4/32 m3 4/32 m4 2/32 m5 2/32 m6 2/32 m7 1/32 m8 1/32 27.www. (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) 3.5) cyclic code has a generator polynomial as g(x)=1+x+x2+ x5+ x8+ x10 Draw the diagram of the encoder for this code. (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) www. Discuss in detail about TDMA and FDMA techniques. (m1+m2). A discrete memory less source has five symbols m0. What is FDMA? What is TDMA? Write the expansion of SSMA technique? What is CDMA? What is SDMA? Mention any two application of FDMA? Mention any two application of CDMA? Mention any two applications for SDMA? Mention any two applications for TDMA? What are the merits and demerits of wireless communication? PART B 1.k.15 respectively. UNIT IV MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES PART-A 1. 24. 4. (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) Where m1.3) for the generator polynomial g(x)=1+x+x4.1. Show generator matrix.2. 0. Discuss the various Multiple Access techniques used in wireless communication with merits and demerits. 22. Obtain the code word and entropy using Huffman coding. 0. Find all the cyclic codes (7.4. m4 are message bits. 26. 0. 0. x2. With a neat block diagram explain the operation of a typical TDMA and compare it with FDMA. Page 7 . Write all the code words. m2. 5. x5 with the probabilities 0. x3.3) block code is constructed using parity equations (m1+m2+m3). 25.Vidyarthiplus.Vidyarthiplus. 8. 0. A (15. m1. 5. Discuss in detail about Time Division Multiple Access system (AU-Apr/May 2008) 2.

12.Discuss the application in communication. Explain the characteristics of different types of optical fiber. (AU-May/June 2011) 8.a transpoder and a downlink model for a satellite system.SCADA PART-A 1. (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) 10. What are the different types of losses and its effects (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) 8.Vidyarthiplus.Vidyarthiplus. With the block diagram explain the operation of fiber optic communication. Page 8 .com Discuss in detail about CDMA techniques and compare the performance with FDMA and TDMA. 11. 3. 7. Discuss about SDMA technique and its applications in wired and wireless communication. (AU-Apr/May 2010) 9. UNIT V SATELLITE AND OPTICAL FIBER – POWERLINE. 10. What is geosynchronous satellite? Explain the advantages and limitations of geosynchronous satellite. 9.www. 2. With a neat block diagram explain FDMA. Explain the application of CDMA in wireless communication . 7. 11. 6. Compare single and multimode fibers. 5. 4. Explain the model of spread spectrum and its applications. 5. (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) www. 6. Explain the charecteristics of an uplink. (AU-May/June 2009) (AU-May/June 2008) (AU-Nov/Dec 2007) (AU-Nov/Dec 2007) Explain how light beam propagates through fiber. 8. 3. Explain the construction of an optical fiber link Give the significance of numerical aperture of optical fiber. PART B 1. What is satellite? What are the types of satellites used in orbits? What is the frequency used in establish the link? What is MA technique? Mention the different layers in atmosphere? What is the function done in earth station? How are actuators used in satellite? What is Intelsat and INSAT? What type of sources and detectors are used in satellite? What is optical link? What is power line communication? Mention the application of SCADA? 6. Compare the performance of CDMA with FDMA and TDMA. (AU-May/June 2011) 7. (AU-May/June 2008) 2.

List the merits and demerits of optical communication systems. 18. (AU-Apr/May 2011) Page 9 . Briefly describe the losses associated with fiber optical communication systems. Give notes on satellite subsysytems and powerline carrier system. Explain the losses associated with fiber cables. Explain satellite system link models. 24. (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) (AU-Apr/May 2010) (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) 26. 22. Describe the primary charecteristics of light detectors. 14. Describe the fundamental charecteristics of uplink.transpoder and downlink model of satellite system. Describe the losses with fiber cables. What are the components and losses? (AU-May/June 2010) 12. Explain the principle operation of Avalanche photo diode. 16. 27. List the advantages of using optical fiber as a medium of communication in telephone network. 17. Compare optical fiber cable with RF cable. (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) 23. Explain the operation of PIN diode and APD. (AU-May/June 2010) 11. List the advantages and disadvantages of geosynchronous orbits. With neat sketch for the ray propagation into and down an optical fiber cable. 15. derive an expression for acceptance angle. Draw the block diagram of fiber optical communication link. Derive the satellite system link equation. Distinguish among single-mode step index.Vidyarthiplus. What are the benefits of satellite communication systems? How the position / location of satellite tracked from the earth station? Derive the satellite link equations and and component on it.multimode step index and multimode graded index optical fibers.www. 9. (AU-May/June 2011) (AU-May/June 2009) (AU-May/June 2008) (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) (AU-Nov/Dec 2008) (AU-May/June 2011) (AU-May/June 2011) (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) 21. (AU-Nov/Dec 2009) 10. 20.Vidyarthiplus.Explain the principle of operation of light sources detectors. (AU-Nov/Dec 2010) (AU-Nov/Dec 2011) www. Derive the expression foe numerical aperture. 25.