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AS/NZS 7000:2010 Worked Examples 11kV Single Circuit Concrete Poles
Single Circuit LV or 11 kV
Worked Example 1 11kV Single circuit pole line
Line INLINE POLE
Maximum change in line direction is 10 degrees
9.2m Ground Line
0 1.2 Table 3.0 m/s No 1.0 1.1 AS/NZS 7000 Table 6.1 AS/NZS1170.1 Fig B2 AS/NZS7000 Cl.1 AS/NZS 7000 Region A7 AS/NZS 1170.7/14/2011 Line Design Parameters Component Location Terrain Exposure Design working life Design security level Design Wind RP Design Wind velocity VR Lee wind area Topographic multiplier M t Directional multiplier Md Terrain multiplier Mzcat Ice load Detail Coastal plain North Island Flat / undulating Terrain Cat 2 50yrs Level 1 50yrs 39.2 Table 6.1 AS/NZS 7000 Table 6.0 Nil AS/NZS 1170. B3 AS/NZS7000 Cl. B3 AS/NZS7000 Table 4.2 Appendix EE AS/NZS7000 Reference Selection of design wind return period Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – AS/NZS Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 -29 March 2011 2 .
7/14/2011 Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – AS/NZS Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 -29 March 2011 AS/NZS 1170.2 Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – AS/NZS Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 -29 March 2011 3 .
0kN Assume max bending moment 200mm below ground level 4 .0kN 22.7/14/2011 Line Design Parameters Component Pole type Conductor Earthwire Wind span Weight span Deviation angle Detail 11.0m Prestressed concrete ‘Dog’ ACSR Nil 70m 70m 10 degrees Reference Pole details Item Pole type Embedment Depth Conductor attachment Ht Transverse Base width @GL Longitudinal Base width @GL Transverse Tip width Longitudinal tip width Pole tip load longitudinal capacity Pole tip load transverse capacity Assumed Pole Details 11m PSC Rectangular I section 1.2m 430mm 150 mm 160 mm 150 mm 8.8m 9.
cat Ms Mt =39m/s 2 = 0.54 x 109 3357 32.6): Crossarm End (Cd = 1.6Vsit .00388 UNIT DegC DegC DegC DegC kN kN mm m2 Pa kg kN kg/m kN/m Wind Pressures Unit Design Wind Pressures: Regional site design wind velocity Unit Design Wind Pressure Vsit.8 56.2): Insulators (Cd = 1. 10% UTS Stringing Tension.0): = 913 x 1.2 (Design Wind Pressure x Drag Force Coef) = 1096 Pa = 913 x 1.00 3. (EDT) Nominal Overall Diam: Cross Sectional Area: Initial Mod Of Elasticity: Ultimate Tensile Strength: VALUE 10 -5.76 50 15 3.00 (Design Wind Pressure x Drag Force Coef) = 913 Pa = 913 x 1.29 14.2 (Design Wind Pressure x Drag Force Coef) = 1096 Pa Pole (Cd = 1.7/14/2011 Conductor details DOG ACSR Everyday Temperature (EDT): Minimum Temperature: Maximum Design Temperature: Stringing Temperature: Stringing Tension.2): 5 .396 0.β qz = VR Md Mz.2 118. β × 10−3 (kPa) = 913 Pa ( Cl B3 AS/NZS 7000) ( Cl B5 AS/NZS 7000) Element Design Wind Pressures: Conductors (Cd = 1.93 Self weight: 0.6 (Design Wind Pressure x Drag Force Coef) = 1460 Pa = 913 x 1.
minimum temperature -5.99 kN 8. 00C.27 kN 4.7/14/2011 Design Load Combinations Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – AS/NZS 7000 :2010 Overhead line Design Sydney 28-29 March 2011 Conductor Applied Loads Load Condition Everyday load condition. 10 DegC.76 DegC.76 kN Maximum wind load condition.76 DegC. Wind = 913 Pa Symbol Fat Fat Fat Ftw Design Load 3. wind x 0.57 kN 3.26 kN Failure Containment. Wind = 913 Pa Ftw 9.97 kN 6 . -5.25 Fb 3. 0 DegC. max. no wind Sustained load condition. no wind Maximum wind load condition. 10 DegC. no wind Sustained load condition.
5 kN for 1130W. < (0.7 Table 6.75x0.91+1. Pin M20 High Tensile 7 .53 = 2. Maximum vertical load from conductor (No ice or snow) Vu = Span x weight per m = 70 x 0.25 x deviation load = 0.59 kN < (7÷2) or 3.25 x4.25 x 8.85 x 9. OK Use 1130W.30 kN (Load Factor 1.7/14/2011 Check Conductor Design Tensions For ultimate loading conditions: Ultimate Tensile Strength of conductor Rn = 32.25 x Fat = 1.57 = 5.85 x 9.2/1000 x 70 x 1 x 913/1000 0.76 x sin(5) = 1.91 kN < (0.3 AS/NZS 7000) < (7÷2) kN for 1130W.6) kN for M20 high tensile pin.93 kN Conductor Capacity ØRn = 23.53 kN sin θ Sum of design ultimate loads at conductor level on top of insulator: ∑kiTi = ki x Wind load + 1.05 kN (Material Ø Factor = 0. Line deviation transverse conductor load under maximum wind load Tid = 2 x Fat x 2 = 2 x 8.00388 x 1.6) kN for 1130W.1 = 0.25x1.76 = 10.1 from Table 7.2 AS/NZS 7000) Under maximum wind condition: Conductor tension = 1.95 kN < ØRn Under minimum temperature condition: Conductor tension = 1.71 kN < ØRn Therefore OK for DOG conductor Check loads on pin insulators Maximum transverse wind load from conductor on insulator Tiw = = = = Az x Conductor wind pressure (Diam x Span x SRF) x Conductor wind pressure 14.25 x Fat = 1.
and l = 0 m Therefore. X = Projected horizontal distance (m) between conductors midspan Y = Projected vertical distance (m) between conductors midspan U = r.529 OK for 1400 x 100 x 75 HW crossarm and electrical separations are OK HW Crossarm Design Check conductors vertical loads Vertical Bending in crossarm: Vertical Load of conductors = unit weight x weight span x 9.27kN For intermediate suspension structures the conductor vertical loads are very small and would only govern design where ice loads apply and for design spans > 250m.U = 11 kV.25 x 1. vector difference in potential (kV) k = Constant.7.529 m and X = (X1 + X2)/2 = (300 + 950)/2 for 1400 x 100 x 75 HW crossarm.00388x70 = . D = 1.3.14 m .2Y )2 ≥ U + k D+l 150 Where. X ≥ 11 / 150 + 0.2 of AS/NZS 7000:2010 provides X 2 + (1. normally equal to 0. span = 70m .7/14/2011 Check Conductor Separation at Midspan Clause 3. k = 0.s.91) + (1.53))x 3 i.75 x 0. still air l = Length in metres of any free swing conductor In this structure case Y = 0 m.625 m Minimum required separation. 50 DegC. span.806 = . ≥ 0.4 x √ (1. X2 = 950 Distance between conductors midspan X = 0.142 + 0) ≥ 0. Therefore OK Check conductors horizontal loads: (Assuming loads are transferred through to pole via a single bolts in shear and stabilized by standard flat plate braces) Ultimate horizontal load ∑Wu = (ki x Wind load + 1.4 D = Greater of two conductor sags centre equiv.e.25 x deviation load) x 3 = ((0.4 . Ie X1 = 300.m. N = 7. Here.76 kN 8 .
8.2/2)/(9.2x(0.2/3+(0. 1400 x 100 x 75 HW crossarm OK Concrete pole design Transverse design wind loads: 1.2/2x9. Wind on Crossarm: Wncrossarm = Crossarm Az x Crossarm wind pressure (assume 100 x 75mm) = (0.2x9.1 x 0.9(B) AS 1720.2 of AS1720.1 where beff = 75 mm (parallel to grain) & single shear so design capacity.075) x 1096/1000 = 0.57 (duration of load .11 AS 1720.4 kN for Joint Group J1 (ironbark) Table 4.67 kN ≥ 7.2x(0.15)/2 = 4.24+0.24+0.20 m 9 .3. k17 = 1 (from Table 4. Wind on Pole: Wnpole = Pole Az x Pole wind pressure = 9.25 m 2.15)/2 x 1460/1000 = 2.240. of bolts = 1) therefore ØNj = 10.1). k1 = 0.4. n = 1 (No.62 kN This force acts at height =((0.say permanent for deviation). ØNj ≥ N* ØNj = Ø k1 k16 k17 n Qskl (Clause 4.15)x9.7/14/2011 Timber Joint Design (Crossarm to Pole) Now for a M16 Grade 4.01 kN This force acts at height of: 9.6 bolt Qskl = 23.15x9.1 – 1997) where Ø = 0.76 kN OK for M16 bolt to pole in 75mm wide crossarm. k16 = 1 ( bolt loads not transferred by side plates).
435 kN-m Assume 9.72 x 9.01 x 9.0 Wn +1.20 m (Ref Fig B5 and B6 of AS/NZS 7000 for SRF ) 4.2/1000 x 70 x 1) x913/1000 = 2.25 (3 x 1.0 ((2.20 O/A above ground +200 .2) + (2. Wind on Insulators: (assume 150 x 129mm projected area) Wninsul = Insulator Az x Insulator wind pressure = 3 x (0.62 x 4.28 m effective cantilever ( ie 9.120 to king bolt) Pole design transverse tip load = 90.7/14/2011 Concrete pole design 3.2) + (0.1 ( 3x .43 / 9.53kN Determine pole design overturning moments: Taking moments about ground line for the maximum wind and weight loading condition ∑(BM) = 1.25 Ftw = 1.150 x 0.72 kN This force acts at height of 9.76 x sin(5) =1.25) + (0.53 x 9.129) x 1367/1000 = 0.74 kN Pole Capacity 10 .2 ) = 90.27 x .2)) + 1.28 = 9.08 x 9. Wind on Conductors: Wncond = Conductor Az x Conductor wind pressure (3 conductors) = 3 x (Diam x Span x SRF ) x Conductor wind pressure = 3 x (14.20 m Concrete pole design Line deviation loads: Line deviation angle =10 degrees Tid=2 x Fat x sin 10/2 =2 x 8.1 Gs +1.25 Gc + 1.75) + 1.08 kN This force acts at height of 9.
280 m (from crossarm attachment to 200 below GL. • 0. Longitudinal strength capacity (tip load ) as general rule should be not < 0.0kN TLC longitudinal = 8kN ie >> required Rn Pole foundation .0.74/0.70 kN tip load.9 = 10.20 = 1.82kN 11 .9 when designed by calculation Assuming a proprietary design PSC pole based on calculation supported by testing Then required ØRn must be > 9.) Assume no blocking Assumed soil type : Firm sandy clay Assumed soil properties: bearing strength fbu = 200 kPa (above water table) Pole Loads: Pole tip load = 10.60m Load height: = 9.0 Busck PSC pole TLC transverse = 22.7/14/2011 Concrete pole design AS/NZS 7000 :2010 Appendix I Clause I3 provides for • strength capacity factor (φ) should not be taken as greater than 1.8 . Assumed pole butt details: Average pole width: = (150 + 240)/2 = 195 mm Embedment depth: = 1.25 x transverse capacity ieRn longitudinal = or > 10.82 x .74kN ie Rn transverse = or > 9.25 = 2. Pole selection : From Busck manufacturers catalogue Suggest selection of 11.82kN tip load.0 when designs are load tested.
damp sands sands loose sands Dry clays.7/14/2011 Pole foundation Embedment depth (D) may be determined from the following equation based on ASCE Method: D= 3.96 H 2 + 16.6 H R + 12. coarse san Gravels. dry ds.2 CM R 2C Where C = fbu. compact clays sands Strength (fbu) kPa fbu ≤ 100 100 < fbu ≤ 150 150 < fbu ≤ 250 250 < fbu ≤ 350 350 < fbu 12 . Fbu = the maximum bearing strength of the foundation material (kPa) b = the effective width of the footing. projected on a plane perpendicular to the direction of the resultant horizontal force acting on the pole (m) M = the overturning moment acting on the pole at ground level (kNm) = HR.hr HR= the resultant of the horizontal forces acting on the pole tip (kN) Hr = the height above ground level at which HR acts (m) ING STRENGTH OF SOILS AT THE SERVICEABILITY LIMIT S TYPICAL BEARING STRENGTH ( fbu )OF SOILS Class Very soft Soft Firm Very firm Hard Soil description Silty clays and Wet clays.b for ultimate limit state. clayey sands. wet or clays. silty Damp clays. sandy sands. loose dry loams.
43kNm ) Alternative stabilized backfill footing : Assume use compacted stabilised backfill or compacted road base backfill in 900 mm dia.6m c/w 1.44m > 1. ie b=600 Applying assumed soil values D= 2. This is due to the high O/T moment being applied by the deviation loads (52.60 available Note: Neither of these two alternatives are acceptable. bored hole with standard heel block. ie b=.00m > 1.78kNm out of 90.60 available Stabilized backfill footing : Assume use compacted stabilised backfill or compacted road base backfill in 600 dia bored hole with standard heel block.7/14/2011 Compacted Soil Footing: Assume standard heel block (490 x 225) b = 490 mm h = 225 mm Average pole width b = ((240 -(240-150)/3) + 240)/2 = 225 mm Applying values to formula D = 3.6 available and would be OK 13 .900m Applying assumed soil values D= 1.
180) = 82.60 .28kN 9.43 kNm Assume stay attachment point is at crossarm brace bolt at 330 mm below crossarm attachment point Stay attachment height = 9.0.78kNm out of 90.82 x (9.5mm stay wire and standard dead man anchor Vertical load component of stay load = Rh x tan45 =14.60) / (1.10 kN Stay Tension Ts = Rh / Cos45 = 14.43/8.43kNm ) this option may be more suitable in soft soil sites OTM on pole = 90.82 = 72.33 = 8.28.28kN This is a relative small vertical load on the pole and is OK Rh Ts RV Stay θ 14 .432 m2 Bearing pressure = 82.95m Therefore Rh = 90.360 = .49 kN Rbase = 82.432=195kPa < 200 kPa assumed Back stay alternative : Due to the high O/T moment being applied by the deviation loads (52.49/.5mm dia stay wire has rated capacity of 45kN Use 9.49 – 10.0.95 = 10.7/14/2011 Breast Block Alternative: Once breast logs are utilised the overturning moments are resisted by reaction mobilised by the bearing blocks and base block Assume 1200wide x 360 deep block 200 below GL Resolving BM’s around pinned base Rbreast = 10.280 +1.2 x .08 kN Bearing block area = 1.
7/14/2011 Questions? Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – AS/NZS Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 -29 March 2011 15 .
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