Renewable Energy Bill & SEDA Bill

Ir. Ahmad Hadri Haris
hadri(a)mbipv.net.my

Chief Technical Advisor RE/MBIPV National Project Team Ministry of Energy, Green Technology & Water 16th March 2011

- RE Bill RE Bill: an Act to provide for the establishment and implementation of a special tariff system to catalyse the generation of renewable energy and to provide for related matters. • • • • • • • • • Part I: Preliminary Part II: FiT System Part III: Connection, Purchase and Distribution of RE Part IV: Feed-in Tariff Part V: Renewable Energy Fund Part VI: Information Gathering Powers Part VII: Enforcement Part VIII: General Part IX: Savings and Transitional
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RE Bill - Part I: Key Interpretation
   “renewable energy” means electricity generated or produced from renewable resources. “renewable resources” means the recurring and non-depleting indigenous resources or technology as set out in the first column of the Schedule of the RE Bill; “renewable energy installation” means an installation which generates renewable energy and includes any technical facility of that installation which converts mechanical, chemical, thermal or electromagnetic energy directly into electricity;


  

“feed-in approval holder” means a person who holds a feed-in approval;
“distribution licensee” means the holder of a license to distribute issued by the Commission under section 9 of the Electricity Supply Act 1990; “Authority” means the Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia established under the Sustainable Energy Development Authority Act 2010; “displaced cost” means the average cost of generating and supplying one kilowatt hour of electricity from resources other than the renewable resources through the supply line up to the point of interconnection with the renewable energy installation;

“grid parity” means, in relation to a particular renewable energy installation, the time at which the feed-in tariff rate applicable to that renewable energy installation is equal to or cheaper than the displaced cost.
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Context: National Renewable Energy Policy
Approved by Cabinet on 2nd April 2010
Policy Statement: • Enhancing the utilisation of indigenous renewable energy resources to contribute towards national electricity supply security and sustainable socio-economic development. Objectives: 1. To increase RE contribution in the national power generation mix; 2. To facilitate the growth of the RE industry; 3. To ensure reasonable RE generation costs; 4. To conserve the environment for future generation; 5. To enhance awareness on the role and importance of RE.
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Renewable Energy Development in Malaysia
8th Malaysia Plan (2001 - 2005) RE as the 5th Fuel Implied 5% RE in energy mix

9th Malaysia Plan (2006 - 2010) Targeted RE capacity to be connected to power utility grid: 300 MW in Peninsular Malaysia, 50 MW in Sabah Targeted power generation mix: 56% NG, 36% coal, 6% hydro, 0.2% oil, 1.8% RE

RE capacity as of 31st December 2010: Connected to power utility grid: 62.3 MW (0.4%)
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Absence of Regulatory Framework: Market failure compounded by absence of a proper regulatory framework. 3. Arbitrary price setting: RE prices set arbitrarily. 5. Technological.Key Issues Affecting RE in Malaysia 1. Poor governance: Poor governance affects the participation of stakeholders and legitimacy of the action. 4. Constraints: Inherent factors that constrain the performance of the market: Economic. Financial. which prevents proper and legal action from being taken. Tensions and trade-offs: The predicament of expecting that the utility will bear the higher costs of RE power (due to the higher RE price). Market failure exists: The RE market “fails” due to misuse of monopsony power and information asymmetries. 7. Lack of institutional measures: Lack of proper institutional measures to meet informational and technological needs. 2. Limited Oversight: No concerted oversight of implementation problems. 6 . 8. the RE market is also constrained by financial and technological factors. 6.

Choice of RE Support Mechanisms Source: BSW 7 .

National RE Policy: Strategic Thrusts (Action Plan) RE Policy & Goals T2: Conducive RE Business Environment T3: Human Capital Development T4: RE R&D Action Plan T1 (foundation): Regulatory Framework      T5: Advocacy Programmes RE Act Feed-in Tariff (FiT) RE Fund RE Authority Responsibilities and obligations on power utilities and RE developers 8 .

• Minimum RM 70 billion of RE business revenues generated from RE power plants operation.1 billion savings of external cost to mitigate CO2 emissions (total 42 million tonnes avoided from 2011 to 2020. • Minimum RM 19 billion of loan values for RE projects.75 billion to Government (on basis of 10% profit value where income tax is 25% on profit). • Minimum 52.Potential Impact of National RE Policy by Year 2020 • Minimum RM 2. which can generate tax income of minimum RM 1. 9 .000 jobs created to construct. on the basis of RM 50 per tonne of external cost). which will provide local banks with new sources of revenues (at 80% debt financing for RE projects). operate and maintain RE power plants (on the basis of 15-30 job per MW).

358 (15%) .522 2050 10 29.Potential Impact to Electricity Demand & Supply 250000 NG 200000 Hydro Coal Electricity Consumption (GWh) Nuclear 150000 Combined RE Electricity 100000 11.229 (9%) 50000 16.865 2045 23.374 (5%) 0 2011 1.762 2040 19.592 (11%) 5.228 (1%) 2015 2020 2025 14.679 2030 2035 17.

USA.FiT Facilitates Grid Parity for RE Driver: Environment & Energy Security Electricity Prices ($/kWh) GRID PARITY 2010 Source: BP. REC 2020 Years Asia 11 Europe. Japan .

1990 .000 90. KI III 1. Internet Update.8% RE 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 *Solid. Source: BMU-Brochure: "Renew able energy sources in figures – national and international development".000 80.FiT: Proven Effectiveness (Germany) Development of electricity generation from renewable energies in Germany. StrEG: Act on the Sale of Electricity to the Grid. provisional figures Source: BMU 12 . gaseous biomass.000 10.000 40.12.000 Electricity generation [GWh] EEG 2009 ex 1 January 2009 Hydropower Biomass* Wind energy Photovoltaics EEG 1 April 2000 New EEG 1 August 2004 14% RE 70. biogenic share of w aste. Version: 15. Electricity from geothermal energy is not presented due to the negligible quantities of electricity produced.000 0 1990 StrEG 1 January 1991 Amendment to BauGB November 1997 4.000 30.2007 100. BauGB: Constuction Code. landfill and sew age gas.000 50.000 60.000 20. EEG:Renew able Energy Sources Act.2008. liquid.

12.Germany’s RESA: Impact to Industry Total Turnover from Renewable Energy Sources in Germany. Source: BMU-Brochure: "Renew able energy sources in figures – national and international development".700 mill.7 %) Wind energy EUR 5.6 %) Biomass EUR 10.2008.0 %) Solar energy 2) EUR 7.0 %) Large plants and heat pumps Photovoltaics and solar thermal energy.790 mill. Internet Update.5 billion Geothermal energy 1) EUR 680 mill. € 25. (27. (42. KI III 1.7 %) Hydropower EUR 1. (22. provisional figures 2) 1) 13 .030 mill.270 mill. (2. (5. 2007 Total: approx. Version: 15.

2006 and 2007 Wind energy 63.000 80.300 3. interim report March 2008 14 .500 4.900 84.000 40.700 96.800 50. KI III 1.300 4.400 40.000 Figures for 2006 and 2007 are provesional estimate Source: BMU Projekt "Kurz.200 1.Germany’s RESA: Employments Employees in the German renewable energy sector 2004.100 95.und langfristige Auswirkungen des Ausbaus der erneuerbaren Energien auf den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt".500 4.000 90.200 Increase: approx.800 4.000 20.500 employees 235.000 30.000 110.000 70.300 82.300 employees Geothermal energy Public / Non-profit Sector Jobs nützige Mittel 2004 2006 2007 0 10.100 Biomass 56.000 60.100 9.000 50.400 9.400 9.600 employees 249. 55 % Hydropower 160.400 Solar energy 25.000 100.

S18. Schedule S16. S56 15 . S24.Critical Factors for Effective FiT Mechanism Must be guaranteed via the RE Act. • Implementation by a competent body in a professional manner that includes constant monitoring. S19 • FiT rates must be high enough to produce a ROI plus reasonable profit (not excessively) to act as an incentive. whereby: • Access to the grid is guaranteed – utilities legally obliged to accept all electricity generated by RE private producers. • FiT rates will be fixed for a period (typically 20 years) to give certainty and provide businesses with clear investment environment. • Adequate "degression" for the FiT rates to promote cost reduction to achieve “grid parity” • Adequate fund is created to pay for the FiT rates (incremental cost) and guarantee the payment for the whole FiT contract period. S14 Part II. Schedule S17. S15 S16. Schedule S23. • The design of the FiT must be customized to suit contextual conditions of the country. S13. REA SEDA. S28. progress reporting and transparency. • Local approval procedures are streamlined and clear. S25. S12.

3: Feed-in Tariff System Establishment of FiT System Biomass Biogas Small Hydro Solar PV Feed-in Tariff (FiT) system provides:  Connection to supply line by RE installations  Priority of purchase and distribution by DL  Payment by DL to FIAH according to FiT rates 16 .Part II – S.

4: FiT Eligibility  Application to SEDA  RE ≤ 30MW Subsidiary Legislation: 1) Individuals  Malaysians  Foreign individuals: limited to solar ≤ 72 kWp  Direct ownership 2) Companies  All legally registered companies and businesses  Direct ownership  Shareholding limitations: 1) DL: ≤ 49% within its distribution area 2) Foreign companies: ≤ 49% 3) Other entities 17 .Part II – S.

Purchase & Distribution (& Subsidiary Legislations) High Voltage LV Connection MV Biomass Power Plant Connection MV Connection MV Connection Solar Power Plant Solar BIPV LV Connection 18 .Part III: Connection.

24 per kWh 21 years RM 1.300 per month RM 90 mil 4.000.8 RM 0.6 19 .110 4.34 per kWh 16 years RM 694.044 5.33 per kWh 16 years RM 1.166.67 600 MWh/month MWh/month MWh/month kWh/month RM 0.5 RM 1.000 8.46 per kWh 21 years RM 876 per month RM 90.960 per month RM 40 mil 4.686.5 RM 0.16: FiT Payment & Duration RE installations RE installed capacity RE generation/month FiT rate FiT duration FiT payment by TNB to FIAH per month = [C x B] Capex Simple Payback Period Biogas 4 MW Biomass 10 MW Small Hydro 10 MW Solar PV 6 kW 2.Part IV – S.000 per month RM 90 mil 7.

Schedule: Biogas 20 .

Schedule: Biomass 21 .

Schedule: Small Hydropower 22 .

FiT Rates Schedule: Solar PV 23 .Schedule: Renewable Resources.

15 years (RM) Insurance.200 7.200 64.000 7.000 13.21 years (RM) 4.00 72. O&M .4% 11.907 PV Rooftop (Commercial) 1.800 95.375.21 years (RM) IRR Simple payback period (years) 144.000 6.865 1.904 23.000 15.041.000 10.998.2011 (RM) Energy yield (kWh/kWp/year) 119.500.204 1.6% 9.698 5.204 Total cost of ownership .44 1.3 24 .957.000 3.21 years (RM) FiT rates .Case Study for Solar PV: Financial Returns from FiT BIPV System (Residential) System capacity (kW) System price (RM) Down payment/ equity (RM) Loan amount Total loan repayment .125.3 33.037.093 Total revenues .74 990 21.

O&M – 16 years (RM) 10 MW 90 mil 18 mil 72 mil 123 mil 188 mil Solid Waste 10 MW 192 mil 38 mil 154 mil 262 mil 483 mil Total cost of ownership – 16 years (RM) FiT rates .34 70% 366.16 years (RM) IRR Simple payback period (years) 310 mil 0.3 744 mil 0.Case Study for Other RE: Financial Returns from FiT Biomass System capacity System price (RM) Down payment/ equity (RM) Loan amount Total loan repayment .15 years (RM) Insurance.44 70% 817 mil (475 mil + 342 mil) 9.9 mil 10.6% 4.2% 7 25 .2011 (RM) Capacity Factor (%) Total revenues .

17: FiT Degression   Degression rate to commence on 1st January every year Revision: at least once every 3 years 26 .Part IV – S.

S.3131 (U) (S) SEDA (A) Grid Connection Point Medium voltage ≥1kV (2. 11kV.S.S.(D) (F) FIAH Recovery of Money IV .19: Recovery of Moneys & S.2047 0.Part IV – S. 0.23kV.2kV.S.4kV) (U) Distribution Licensee (S) (F) (D) (S) (D) FiT payment Displaced Cost IV .20: Admin Fees RE Fund (SEDA) Displaced Cost (Subsid) 0. 6.20 + Subsid 27 (U) = 2% x (S) Admin fee to DL (A) = 3% x (S) Admin fee to SEDA .16 + REPPA IV .19 + Subsid (S) = (F) .20 + Subsid IV .19 + Subsid IV . 33kV) Low voltage <1kV (0.6kV.

110 MWh/month RM 0.553.67 MWh/month RM 0.6 years RM 688.8 years RM 276.044 MWh/month RM 0.Part IV – S.084.437.00 RM 12.297.33 /kWh 16 years Small Hydro 10 MW 4.16: Payment.960 4.55 21.76 RM 701.3131 /kWh RM 694.2047 /kWh RM 0.805.90 RM 20.64 RM 722.2% RM 1.66 RM 19.380.296. S.5 years RM 640.083.4% 28 .531.50 RM 154.33 RM 2.20 RM 5.2047 /kWh RM 0.50 85.34 /kWh 16 years Biomass 10 MW 5.15 62.46 /kWh 21 years RM 0.283.3% RM 876 8.000 7.06 RM 282.208.24 /kWh 21 years Solar PV 6 kW RE generation/month FiT rate FiT duration Displaced cost FiT payment by TNB to FIAH = [C x B] Simple Payback Period Recovery of money by TNB from RE Fund via SEDA = [(C – D) x B] Value of 2% Admin Fee paid to TNB = [2% x F] SEDA payment to TNB = [F + G] Value of 3% Admin Fee paid to SEDA = [3% x F] Total cost to RE Fund (per month) = [F + G + I] Ratio of TNB’s cost against FiT payment = [D / C] 600 kWh/month RM 1.0% RM 1.088.000.19: Recovery.14 RM 13.86 60.300 4.67 RM 150.686.49 RM 672. S.20: Admin Fees RE installations RE installed capacity Biogas 4 MW 2.2047 /kWh RM 0.00 RM 4.26 RM 8.66 RM 653.5 years RM 147.166.025.60 RM 290.941.412.

40 0.21: Grid Parity Upon grid parity:  FIAH will be paid prevailing DC rate.60 1.70 0.70 1.00 Grid Parity 2015 2026 2041 2011 2012 2013 2014 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 29 .00 0.30 0.60 0.  DL cannot claim from RE Fund (SEDA) 1.1.50 0.20 0.90 0.80 Part IV – S.30 1.80 0.10 0.10 Displaced Cost (LV) Displaced Cost (MV) FiT Biogas FiT Biogas-Waste FiT Biomas FiT Biomass-Waste FiT Small Hydro FiT Solar PV FiT Solar PP RM/kWh 1.50 1.40 1.20 1.

23: RE Fund 3.Part V – S.500 RE Fund increment Cumulated RE Fund is adequate to honour FiT commitment 2046 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 1.000 RE Fund start RM-million 1.500 2.000 500 First REPPA (FiT) (21 years) - 2020 2029 2042 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2043 2050 30 .000 Annual RE Fund Collection vs RE Fund Expenditures Annual RE Fund Collection Annual RE & FIT Cost Final RE Fund Collection: 2030 2.

24: Allocation from Tariff (& Subsid) Cost Breakdown for Average Domestic Electricity Tariff Subsidized Fuel for Power Generation Generation Cost Transmission & Distribution Cost FiT Cost FiT Levy Customer Service Charge RE Fund:  After tariff revision: 1% of TNB’s electricity sales revenue (eg.31 sen/kWh  For every RM100 per month. RM1 goes to RE  Exempted consumers: <200 kWh/month  Polluters pay concept  Encourages EE and DSM 16% 1% 20% 25% 38% Note: Additional 1% (for RE target) + 1% (for ETP target) in subsequent tariff reviews = 2% + 1% 31 . 1% = 0.Part V – S. 1% of RM28 billion = RM 280 mil)  In 2010.

850 4.634 2.010 2.389 2.508 7.275 1.140 3. MW/Year) [RE Policy + EPP10] Year 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Biogas 20 15 15 25 25 25 30 30 30 25 25 25 20 20 20 20 20 20 BiogasSewage 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 4 3 Biomass 90 50 60 60 70 80 90 100 100 100 90 90 80 70 60 50 50 50 BiomassWaste 15 20 30 40 50 30 30 20 20 10 6 5 Small Hydro 60 50 60 60 60 60 50 40 30 20 Solar PV ≤1MWp 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 24 28 33 37 41 47 60 80 105 135 175 220 280 Solar PP (EPP10) 20 35 50 80 110 130 145 155 165 170 30 80 130 250 250 250 250 250 250 300 Quota MW/Year 219 191 238 290 342 354 376 379 383 368 188 241 281 403 410 425 455 495 470 580 Cum.569 3.663 5.038 6.088 32 .Annual RE Capacity Target (Quota.088 5. MW 154 370 643 933 1.328 3.543 6.772 3.253 4.

09 US$/kWh Incorporated in tariff Malaysia 2009/2010 0.3% Thailand 2008 0. ERCT 33 .24 US$/kWh 7. GSE.28 US$/kWh 4.RE Fund (FiT Cost Pass Through): Examples Germany 2007 Retail Electricity Tariff (average) FiT cost to consumers (% of retail tariff) Germany: 2009 Italy 2009 0.8% Source: BMU.09 US$/kWh 1% + 1% (+1%) 0.

166 (34% = 2.90 RM-mil 27.60 RM-mil 11.41 RM 89.92 (RM 0 if ≤200 kWh) Domestic 18% 6.028.45 RM 7.283.502 1.929 Average Average 34 .20 RM-mil 4.869.49 34%: RM 1.05 Total 100 % 7.07 28.540.14 mil) 34%: RM 23.006.Part V – S.92 RE Fund Cost per Consumer per Month Industrial Commercial 41% 41% RM 322.29 RM-mil 110.24: Allocation from Tariff Possible Impact to Consumers Sectors Annual Electricity Sales (2009) RM -mil 11.53 RM-mil 49.261 RM 3. of per Contribution Consumers Consumer to RE Fund per Annum RM-mil 110.25 RM-mil 270.053.229.924.70 % RE Fund Cost Annual 1% No.

97 367.797 RE Fund % of TNB Sales Revenue % 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% Annual RE Fund Collection RM-mil 0.797 36. Tariff RM/kWh 0.M.000 100.310 31.Part V – S.3680 0.00 189.000 100.45 350.3131 0.310 35.000 100.) Electricity Sales GWh 100.97 Procedures (Eg): Jan Tariff increment to TNB Feb 1st billing to TNB consumers of new tariff Mar 1st payment of new tariff by consumers to TNB Apr 1st payment by TNB to SEDA May 2nd payment by TNB to SEDA Jun 3rd payment by TNB to SEDA N month Nth payment by TNB to SEDA 1st Jan By 1st Feb By 1st Mar By 1st Apr By 1st May By 1st Jun By 1st of N 35 .045 36.45 367.3680 Example Tariff Increment % 0% 0% 11% + 1% 0% 5% 0% TNB Electricity Sales Revenue RM-mil 31.3505 0.3131 0.000 Avg.00 350.045 35.000 100.24: Allocation from Tariff (& Subsid) Example: Year Unit 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 TNB (P.000 100.3505 0.

To be read together with: S.61. Existing renewable energy generators • S.Others • S.64. • S. amend the Schedule. (1) The Authority shall monitor all significant matters relating to the implementation and performance of the feed-in tariff system and submit a report thereof to the Minister after the end of each financial year of the Authority.56.65. • S. (1) The Authority shall review the degression rates in respect of any category of renewable energy installation at least once every three years after the date this Act comes into operation for the purposes of improving the overall performance of the feed-in tariff system to better achieve the objective of this Act. Existing licences 36 .18. The Minister may make regulations for all or any of the following purposes: • S. The Minister may.63. by order published in the Gazette.60. The Authority may make such rules for all or any of the following matters • S.

SEDA Bill • SEDA Bill: an Act to provide for the establishment of the Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia and to provide for its functions and powers and for related matters. 37 . in its generation. is such that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. provision and use. • • • • • • Part I: Preliminary Part II: The Authority Part III: Functions and Powers of the Authority Part IV: Employee of the Authority Part V: Finance Part VI: General “sustainable energy” means energy which.. and includes renewable energy.

Green Technology & Water Energy RE (& EE) Sector Green Technology Green Technology Sector MGTC SPAN Regulator Water Electricity Sector Water & Sewage Sector JBA Implementing Department JPP Implementing Department ST SEDA Regulator Implementing Authority Green Technology Promoter 38 .Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia (SEDA Malaysia) Ministry of Energy.

 Shall be persons who have experience and shown capacity and professionalism in matters relating to sustainable energy.  Office term: 2 years. business or administration.5: Membership of Authority  1 Chairman. finance.Part II – S. engineering. and eligible for reappointment for maximum 3 consecutive terms.  2 to 4 representatives of Federal Government. experience or academic qualifications. or are otherwise suitable for appointment because of their special knowledge.  3 to 5 other members  1 Chief Executive Officer. 39 .

Dispatch/Driver . Special Officer (KPI) 8. ICT Engineer • RE Team = 15 (14 degree. Director (Feed-in Tariff) 3. Asst Director 7. Secretary/Admin 1. Dep Director 13. Director (Strategic Initiatives) 6. 1 diploma) • Support Team = 11 (5 degree. Asst Director 2. Asst Director 11. Asst Director 5. Manager (Admin) 7. Dep Director 6. Manager (Finance) 6. Executive (Finance) 9. Asst Director 8. Asst Director Total = CEO + 35 staff = 36 15. Tech Executive 12. Director (Strategic Planning) 3. Director (RE Industry) 5. Dep Director 4. Senior Director (ETP-EE Project) 4. Dep Director 7. Secretary (CEO/Board) Technical Advisors 1. Asst Director 8.SEDA: Staff Complements (Initial Setup: 2011) Chairman Members of Authority CEO 2. ICT Engineer 5. Dep/Asst Director 10. Director (Finance & Admin) 4. Deputy CEO/ COO 3. Dep Director 9. 6 non-degree) • + EE Project Team = 9 14. Dep/Asst Director 9. Admin Clerk 11. Senior Director (Services) 1. Secretary/Admin 2. Admin Clerk 10.

Conduct. Other function under sustainable energy law. stimulate. 41 . Promote private sector investment in sustainable energy sector. promote & support sustainable energy training and human capacity development.Part III – S. advisory services & disseminate information. Act as focal point to assist the Minister on matters relating to sustainable energy & climate change matters relating to energy. Implement sustainable energy laws including the Renewable Energy Act & recommend reforms. Promote.15: Functions of SEDA Malaysia a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Advise the Minister & Government entities on all matters relating to sustainable energy. promote & support sustainable energy researches & innovations. monitor & review the Feed-In Tariff system. facilitate & develop sustainable energy. Implement. Implement measures to improve public awareness. Conduct. manage. Promote & implement national policy objectives for renewable energy. Carry out / arrange research.

HRMS. RE Fund. softwares. administration. SEDA fund. Clinton Initiative National budget incentives and assessments RE technologies systems. industrial sector Support Finance Administration ICT Energy Efficiency (NKEA-ETP Project) Strategic Planning Strategic Initiatives 42 . publication ISPQ trainings. EE Masterplan Statistics. capacity development. emails NKEA EPP9. impact assessments NKEA EPP9: appliances rebates. buildings insulations. data collection & analysis. Green Schools. services RE R&D. budget. utilities Internal ICT hardwares. co-generation. internet. RE policy & action plan FiT procedures. codes & quality RE interconnection. technical support RE Industry Chief Executive Officer External Services           RE & EE: media/public relations. website KPIs. CDM FiT ICT system. operations. advocacy. communication. systems. Government/ commercial sectors. standards. Internal audits. impact assessments. statistics. service providers. T&Cs Tax exemption assessment Suria programme. market development RE industry development. centres of excellence.SEDA: Immediate Functions (Initial Setup: 2011) Division Renewable Energy Deputy Chief Executive Officer / COO Feed In Tariff Functions             RE Act & regulations. education programmes International cooperation. enforcements. management. intranet. performance monitoring NKEA EPP10. SME support RE financing. invoices. trainings. enhancements RE targets. payments Internal procedures. terms and conditions. opex.

(7) The Chief Executive Officer shall be an employee of the Authority. 43 . experience or academic qualifications. (3) The Chief Executive Officer shall be responsible for the overall administration and management of the functions and the day-to-day affairs of the Authority.22: The Chief Executive Officer (1) The Minister shall appoint a Chief Executive Officer on such terms and conditions. and who shall be paid such remuneration and allowances. or are otherwise suitable for appointment because of their special knowledge. (6) In discharging his duties. (2) The person appointed as the Chief Executive Officer under subsection (1) shall be a person who. in the opinion of the Minister. has experience and shown capacity and professionalism in matters relating to sustainable energy.Part IV – S. engineering. finance. business or administration. as he thinks desirable. the Chief Executive Officer shall act under the general authority and direction of the Authority.

send a copy of the statement of accounts certified by the auditors.37. (2) The Authority shall. cause to be prepared for that financial year. a copy of the auditors’ report and a copy of the reports of its activities to the Minister and the Minister shall cause the same to be laid before both Houses of Parliament.38. (1) The Authority shall cause proper accounts of the Fund and reports of its activities to be kept and shall.Others • S. • S. 44 . as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year. as soon as possible. The financial year of the Authority shall begin on 1 January and end on 31 December of each year.

45 .49: Things done in anticipation of the enactment of this Act  All acts and things done on behalf of the Authority in preparation for or in anticipation of the enactment of this Act and any expenditure incurred in relation thereto shall be deemed to have been authorized under this Act. and all rights and obligations acquired or incurred as a result of the doing of those acts or things including any expenditure incurred in relation thereto shall upon the coming into operation of this Act be deemed to be the rights and obligations of the Authority. provided that the acts and things done are consistent with the general intention and purposes of this Act.Part – S.

5 GW 15.5 GW GWh (24%) 44.000 2015: 985 MW (6%) 5.4 GWh (5%) 2020: 2.1 GW 3.000 20.000 Biogas Biomass RE (RE Policy & Action Plan) RE (Business as Usual) MW 10.2 Solar PV 2030 Solid Waste Mini Hydro 2020 2.3 GWh (9%) 2030: 4.2 GWh (12%) - 2038 2047 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2048 2049 Year 2050 46 .080 MW (11%) 11.4 GW (73%) 11.000 MW (17%) 17.000 5.RE Policy & Action Plan: Goals [Exclude EPP10] 25.000 Cumulative RE Installed Capacity (& Ratio to Peak Demand) 2050: 2050 21.

9% energy by 2020 47 .Comparison of RE Targets 11% capacity.

net.my .mbipv.Thank You More info on feed-in tariff is available from www.

Shares of Renewable Energy World-Wide 49 .

New Power Generation Installed Capacity (EU: 2009) 50 .

Global Investment in Renewable Energy (2008-2009) 51 .

12 0.63 1.8 mt-CO2 x USD10/t-CO2 = USD 518.80 0.3 TWh x 0.65 0.63 t-CO2/MWh = 51.69 What does this mean? Peninsular Malaysia (2009) = 82.3 million = RM 1.External Cost: Expected Carbon Price in IEA BLUE Map Scenario Grid System Peninsular Malaysia Sarawak West of Sabah East of Sabah Malaysia (average) Carbon Emission Factor [t-CO2/MWh] 0.6 billion 52 .

Where to get latest updates? www.net.my 53 .mbipv.

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