Mahatma

Gandhi

A

LETTER

FROM

THE

CHAIR

TO

THE

PRIME

MINISTER

This IS the third annual report ofthe Natjonol Round Table. i hope that it will convey to you an lmpressrop thot the Round Table has grown rapidly toward maturity - that it has defined and engaged some ofthe major issues ofsustainable progress on several fioonts is now palpable. development in Canada and abroad, and that

3ur foremost commitment throughout

the year was preparat!on

for the United Nations

Conference

on the Envrronment and Development - the “earth sum,&’ heads ofstote in Rio dejoneiro injune.

- which culminated In the meeting of

The Round Table’s Committee on Foreign Poky ontrcrpated the importance years ago. Tile conference was expected to be a major opportunity

of LIKED

over three ofsustainable

for advancement

devei’opment oround the globe. This interest and concern wus first signoiied to you in our inaugural annual report ofJune 1990.

The Round Tobie tendered formal advice to you in March i 992, addressing Issues ofstrotegy

as well

GS substance. At your suggestion we hod useful dialogue with the Minister of External Afairs, the Minister of the Environment, and senior oflc;als who were engaged K UNCED our meriloers, Pierre Morc]ohnson ondjim MocNeili, joined the Canadian preparations. Two of

delegotron

to UNCED,

and were active participants in RIO.

in the aftermath it is clear that the Canadian deiegction, with your strong ieadershjp, had o major and positive impact on the outcome. Your initiative OS the first signatory ofrhe Convention on of

Biodiversrty was noticed around the world, and mcy have been a crucial step in the recruitment

other s’gnctor;es. For this, as we/l as many other srgnificont :nterventions, you and your support team ore to be congratulated.

it is too e&y

yet for on appraisal of UNCED.

Many

who poped for global unanimity

and funding on

o scale commensurate with the problems are disappointed. Realists will recognize, however, that co,mmrtment to revolutionary ovemigr?t. change which must ultimately embrace all nations connot be achieved

The successes and failures of UNCED will become While some Important parts ofthe famewok

filly apparent in the months and years to come.

fir a sustainabie global ecology and economy have

been concejved, no doubt much ingenuity, effort and expense wrli be required to consummate the achievements and provide remedies for the fiilures.

for Canad/ans the most important remarkable opportunq

outcome

may be the widespread realfzotion that we have a

to influence decisive/y the courSe ofevents on a global scale, to make the must be sustained. We

Brundtiand ‘vIs:on a reality. The momentum generated at the Earth Summz must not become combiacent, the &mm/t

but must work to implement the goals and agreements reached ot

The Round Tab/e will launch its own initiatives in this regard and will be responsive to

your suggestions.

This report sets other important achievements ofthe Round Table and the issues which are currently engaging our attention and effort i hope that you will share my conviction that we are continuing to development that you adopted f&r yean

meet the expectations for advancement ofsustainable ago and which have continued to guide your actions.

DR. GEORGE

CONNELL

-.
e ha:/e entered revolJtion The first three - the agricultural, incusirtal,

enge
the world’s fourth, great We know today’s ano information revolutions - were we wil :hat in the time It will take to become grandparents an entlre dupliof children

ha\e to construct

cate world dlfCereO-:. They reorganized society to produce no~.e effectively. The fourth great social population eccnomlc

to accommodate If all peoples

a doubling

have the if sustainit could opportunity
IS

upneaval,

the ecologIca\

revolution,

will, we hooe,

-eorganize

society to produce

without

ability to participate, IS achieved,

sole development cestrucriveness. But it will do so only if we steer the gathering momentum away from its prese?

the most magnificent

hdmarklnd cdl-rent destructive path. If we are not successful, if we fail to estab11s~a sustainable shadcw society, a deepening across all life on we is

has ever had. There

a poten-

t al for everyone

to benefit; for repatriating a decent economic quality of well-being

to the disadvantaged ,iv!ng; for stimulating

w II be thrown

In all paTs of the world;

for guaranteeing

th’s o’anet

Our choice is not whether

the cant nclance of species.

w,sh this revolution

to take place. There

no s-:opp~ng it. Our only choice, is in how we shape It.

The destrLdive

trends

which we are

seeing have therr origins in the industrial revolution The means of diverting them, will -

We know the power n changes 8, motion:

for ruin of the of our

of ach evlng sustainable

development, revolution

the defacement

come from the Information

,worlc, the disinheritance el mlnat!on poverty

of peoples, the of

from our ability to gather, process, and cissem nate information, people with knowledge developing from empowering and responsibility, and

of species, the proliferation

We are only beginning

to grasp plane-

the oower

to create reciprocating,

and f-cm

skills to Innovate

:ar-y well-being

that can spring from a and interde-

mob811ze response.

;IISICI- o1 balance, harmony, oende-ce; operation;

an emphasis on sharing and coa heightened sense of economic determi-

As w#:h all revolutions, tions tha; once worked now are stiff and sillted, thalle-ge

however.

institu-

so well, so often ill-sulted to the

nter-reliance;

and an accelerating

?atlon to find and presence an equilibrium.

of change. In large part our acquired industrial their present

major Institutions contours
117the

age. In historical came

terms, the information

revolution

upon us so quickly that we have not yet had time to fully adapt. And now a new revo,htlon demands is forcing upon us still different

THE

CHALLENGE

The round table movement

is unique to

The fundamental our institutions mlndsets channelled rooted

difficulty

with so many of

Hlerarchlal characterstlc

structures

for authority

are

Canada. it tries to reach across all institutional lrnes, be they governmental, business, occupational, env ronmental, encourage social, political, in order to

is that they reflect in industrial society that action,

of our institutions,

yet we

know that we need broadly-based empowerment if we are going to respond needs. Time and World and Report) a much

everything:

information, Ecological

or regional,

status, and authority. however, lnstitutlon overFlow

impacts,

successfu ly to current agair the United CornmIssion Development

the flexibility

of response to a sustainit seeks to

channels. Once an

Nations’

necessary for the transition able society. In particular, identify pathways

has made a decision the ecologareas

on Environment (the Brundtland

ical lmoacts spread out, inundating far removed Each decision

more clearly the economic to sustainable development.

from the origlnal decision. is like a stone thrown Into a

stressed the need for establishing wider responsibility.

pool creating widening The Nat onal Round Table on the Environment and the Economy is just one quences which multiply,

circles of conseinteract and The concept sacrosanct America. modified of sovereignty has been

IreInforce change. Tracking, dealing with those that our institutions equipped

assessing, and

since the settling of North In Canada it carries over in form from the federal But exclusivity level into against

round table. There every province muncipal hundred

is also a round table for and at the

ripples is not something have been well it takes

and territory

level there

are more than a ones

to do, especially when

the prov,ncial.

works

round tables with additional each year.

then

Into the jurisdiction

of some other they lack

the Interdependence part of ecological

that is so much a realities.

being formed

Institution expertise.

or into an area where

To quote

oending federal

legislation, the Those mlndsets resulted tn immense indusas

We -se the adversarial

system in parlia-

NatIonaN Round Table “IS to play the role of catalyst in identifying, promoting, explaining and

ment, In the courts, and in labour-management relations whatever to resolve differences. But

trial and social advances. Standardizatlon a goal n everything product from education to

in all sectors of Canadian

the outcome

it still leaves both

society and in all regions of Canada, principles and practices ment....” opment of sustainable developdevel-

on lines resulted

in efficiency,

sides as adversaries.

What the ecology but benefactors; enlist

predictability, q&ty.

and the ability to control to cope with the ecolog-

needs is not adversaries consensus supporters, decision

The act defines sustainable as “development

However,

making which

that meets the without genera-

ical revolution enhance

we also need the ability to

not adversarial and losers.

struggles which

needs of The present compromlsing

generatron

diversity.

create wnners

the ability of future own needs.”

Yons to meet their

Vertlcai

categories

for government depart-

Competitlon to i-norove sornetlmes co-operation ecology

IS invaluab!e and to develop it overshadows

as an incentive effclencies. the requisite needed in the But

minIstrIes, the sciences, corporate ments, professional about everything specialties,

and just

else, mark our society.

so desperately

Yet to deal with the ripple effect of ecolog;cal impacts we need to be sensitive relationships.

to horizontal

Central

authority

in government consistency

and in action, a which role

Conflict dynamic

is often seen as an essential of society. In fact a recent publi-

business allows for comprehens,ble

profile to outsiders and a coherent

catlon dealing with sustainable ment credited forming

develop-

can instIll confidence, for subordinates. have difficulty and complexrty

It with raising issues, and effecting

But central authorities

new constituencies,

dealing with the multiplicity of ecological issues. They

social change. However, urgently harmony.

what the ecology but

needs is not more conflict,

are too far away from the specifics. Decentrallzation takes decision making and to

much closer to the problems possible solutions.

In the past, regulation principal instruments

has been one of the in resolving conflict. It

has simply set down what must, or must Since the time of Thomas tion of individual touchstone However revolution Hobbes, promonot, be done. However productive it will be counter-

rights has been the thinking. in the ecological rights. For of diversity, rights benefits by

to rely too much on regulation. revolution conflict will be teeming is

of progressive the touchstone will be collective

The ecological with potential the fundamental

and If regulation

means of dealing with it,

instance the enhancement definition, Involves collective

there will be such a glut of laws, directives, guidelines, and assessments that the nation its of

because it deals with producing not for specific Individuals people.

will tie itself I? knots trying to wend way through them all -

but for all

to say nothing that would

the morass of litgation pany them.

accom-

Looked

at another

way, under the system It will be far preferable common common far better education advantages benefits goals, common understanding. tc emphasize by identifying to establish attitudes, a

of common

law n English Canada, what is is permitted. Consequently, sustainbe

not prohibrted all regulation

almed at ecologIcal

In other words, harmony through

ability restricts what otherwlse permitted definition, and Immediately an infringement

would

IS, again by of private rights of

the economic and the existence.

of sustarnability

rights to property

or to freedom or companies.

of a fess destructive

action of irdividua!s

Finally, the main measure of economic Tension between Individual and collective will be progress over the past two centuries of has

rights will not end. But sustainability slowed unless t’lere

been the measurement which gross domestic prime example. progress

of quantity product

are clearly enunciated

is now the of will it will

mutual targets.

The main measure revolution

in the ecological

be much more difficult to quantify; be the ability of the economy the quality

to sustain

of llfe In all Its forms.

THE

c

ALLENGE

The i\lat,onal

Round Table was created

rn 1988. If lnstitutlors

are organs within

the body

polit c, inen

it is the lnterstlclal

spaces that are the focds of the round table movement.

Those ape the spaces across which

lie the connect

o-s, Ln o%en constricted,

to and from

the institutions.

It is because connections

are cons’ricted

th;t

the body politic

has reacted

slug@y

over the past thirty

years to ecological

warnings

The task of the round tables is

to help strengthen

the connections,

to help vitallze tne body, because it will need to

improve

its -eflexes

significantly

If IT is to cope a; all weI1 Lvi:h the ecological

revolution

The techniques

used by the National to draw

In -he past year it has participated studies covering launched programs, and other

in

Round Table are stralghtforward: its membersi-ip spectrum brlrg from

a broad range of issues;

across the full life so that it can relatronships,

two very large education one aimed at formal education; and the

of Canadian

dmversit’y, horizontal expertise

at Informal

co-operated as

w der;ng!ng

to any issue and to

in what can broadly forums

be described

any relationship; co-3rd

to act as a catalyst and and institu-

for learnlng through internships organlzed

workshops,

nator among people

confe-ences programs; Interested

and training among and tourism; and analysis recom-

tions for those very same reasons, but also to encourage development, commitment empowerment to sustainable among those

dialogues

oarties in forestry

c.apped two years of debate
?N

anxious to participate, of dec’siooperatsons support, harmony

and decentralizatlon its

th a repo-t

to the Prime Minister

making; and to conduct

menaing

positions

for Canada to take at Conference on the held in

by consensus so as to enlist co-operation and promote

-:he Unrted Nations Envt-ocmer,t ,ine

foster

and Development

at RIO de Janeiro: engaged with others of handbooks a strategic involved and plan, an

r pubi shlng a variety Its members community go;iernment leaders include corporate activists, federal ministers, executives, -eports, and developed

and provincial

Integral part of which

what has a

scientists, labour envlronmensecretary

beeq caliec a “roundtabling series of regional

exercise,” across

economists,

private

consultations

tal’sts, academics, the former general of tne Brundtland

Canada ti-at Invited

broad and diverse

commlss1on, and

g-oclps of people to drscuss what should be tre Natioral direction and prloritles ofthe

farm ard fisheries representatives, abo-igIna oeoples.

Round Table.

Above

a!l It was a year that emphasized everywhere It- Canada are sustain-

tnat peoole

eager to participate able development. Iknowledgeable

in furthering

And that they are

about the challenges we and oppor-

face A ) they need IS direction
ruritv

strateg

imperatia:es
s a first step after its inception, the National Round Table set

objectives

which would

promote

sustainable

deve’opment.

Ii declared

that fundamental

to them

,s an awareness

that.

“The natural

world

and its component

life foons

and the ability

of that world

to regenerate

,tself through

its own

evolution

has basic value.

Within

and among

human

societies,

fairness,

equality,

diversity.

and self-

reliance are pervasive

characteristics

of development

that is sustainable.”

THE OBJECTIVES ARE TO ESTABLISH:

*Stewardship

*Conservation

l

Scientific We

and Technological

Innovation

We must preserve biosphere to evolve

the capacity

of the

We must maintain ecologIcal

and enhance

essential diversity

most support

education

and of technol-

by managing our activities for the

processes, biological

research and development

social and economic benefit of present

and li’e support

systems of our environ-

gies, goods and setvices essential to maintaining and cuitural environmental quality, social growth.

and fuuture generations.

ment and natural resources.

values and economic

l

Shored Responsibility Everyone

~Energy and Resource Management

shares the responsibility

for a

Overall, resource

we must reduce the energy and content of growth, harvest

*international

Responsibility

sustainable towards

society. All sectors must work purpose, with each

We

must

think globally when we act requires among

ti?is common

renewable

resources

on a sustainable use of

loca!ly. Global responsibility ecological provinces interdependence

being accountable

for its decisions and and

basis and make wise and efficient otir non-renewable resources.

actions, in a spirit of partnership open cooperation.

and nations, and an obligation the integration of environ-

to zccelerate
*Waste Management

men& to reduce the

social, cultural

and economic within

*Prevention

and Resilience

We must first endeavour and prevent production ancl recover lndllstrlai

goals. By working

cooperatively

We must try to anticipate future proo!ems

of waste then reuse, recycle waste by-products activities. of our

Canada and internationally, develop so’utlons comprehensive to problems.

we can and equitable

by avoiding the negative economic, social and

environmental, cultural

and domestic

impacts of policy, programs, activities.
~Rehabilitation and Reclamation *Global Development Consistent With All

decisions an development

Recognlz ng that there will always be enwronmental we cannot and other events which

Our future oprrent

policies, programs

and devel

Other Objectives

must endeavour

to rehabilitate

Canada should support consltent

methods

that are

anticipate,

we should also and

and reclaim damaged

environments.

with the preceding

objectives

strive to increase social economic envlronmental change. resilience

when assisting developing

nations.

in the face of

Last year, folIowIng tabling” National consultations

a series of “roundacross Canada, the the followfor

The National

Round Table also identified that it will undertake.

Through National

its first two-and-a-half

years, the commit-

the kinds of actlvlties It will focus on: *too/s fir measunng sustainable

Rounc Table maintained responsible

Round Table adopted Imperatives

tees which were ing initiatives, and development; for approval,

for develop-

ing strategic

as priorities

presenting

them to Plenary them.

guiding its activltles: I. Acknowledging sufiicient asp/rations, but also: 2. Rap/d/y reducing the energy and resource content ojgrowth; and the need for growth human needs and

promoting to meet

and then implementing Round Table

Last year the Natlonal *sector-o/ issues; and *cross-sectoral Issues.

changed the system. Now develops inltlatives

the Plenary

and assigns them to a Currently

task force for rmplementation. Under areas: *accountabIlIty, *indicators *economic high rates of population growth; o~s~~stainoble development; incentives: and making. “Tools” it will concentrate on four there

are task forces on Consensus Making, Economic and Prosperity, In addition, Instruments, Biodiversity, there are a jointly

Decision

3. increasing equity wIthin nations between developed nations; 4. Reducing

Sustainabilrty and Education. number

and developing

of initiatrves

undertaken

*consensus deck/on

with other

organlzatlons..

5. Reducing certarn forms of consumption; 6. Conserving base; 7. Estabkhing systems; 8. Encouraging hrgh rates of investment restore capital which has been iost; In ways that will and economic issues to more open information and enhancing the resource Under and “Sectoral resource Issues” it considers energy

management

to be most it will

critical for Canada and consequently deal with:

lsustainobie forests;
*sustainable *sustainable *fresh water energy use; agricuiture:

9. Changing lnstxutlons ensure environmental are integrated

during decision making.

Under

“Cross-sectoral approach

Issues” it adopts an to planning by

ecosystemic concentrating common

on subjects that pass, as a through various sectors.

thread,

For instance biodlversity, poverty,

global warming,

ant acid rain are cross-sectoral issues on

issues. And so were the three which the National

Round Table focused concerning

its advice to the Prime Minister Canada’s position

at the Earth Summit at

Rio de Janeiro because each was common to the majority of the agenda items placed

before the conference

he National

Round

Tan;e

has declared

that

it will

be an agent

of

oarge

for sustainable

development

-

by being a catalyst, partner,

advisor, promoter,

Inter-

preter,

contributor,

researcher,

and clearlnghouse

for

nformatlon.

In short,

by being and

aoirg

everythIng

it can as a multi-dlsclplinary.

multi~jurisdictlonal,

and multi-interest

body

that

has but one mandate:

to reconcile

divergent

nte*ests

to the

primacy

of sustainable

development.

To that end it engaged in the fol’owlng

initiatrves

last year.

REPORTING

TO THE PRI

lNlSTER

The National

Round -Fable presented a “Memorandum

to of

term.” which,

It offered

a number

oi suggestions

the Prime Minister Advice”

if Implemented

woulc:

on what Canada s role could be at Nations Conference on the n Rio de
l

the United Environment

Improve tutions

the ability of International to integrate ecological

insti-

and Development

issues

Janeiro. The NRT’s Task Fo-ce on Foreign Policy commissioned papers and dedicatec its thinking severa, research almost two years of the memoran-

with political, issues;

social, a-d economic

to deve!oaing

0 provide

new approaches berween

-.o technologi-he industriainations: and

dum which was based on :he premise that, “Progress IS truly toward sustainable development

cal co-operation

lred and the less developec

meaningful

only if It IS conceived * for the forseeable cost of progress future olace the direct

and practised

on a global scale.”

cn a global scale upon nations ano commit role 17 moblllzlng

Recommendations

centred

on only three

the Industrialized

issues - namely reform institutions, technological

of International co-operation, - necause they

Canada to a leadershIp financial resources deveiopment

to ach eve sustainable

and financial resources

at home and abroad.

were the ones upon which the success of all agenda items depended “Significant facilitate would progress and because The Prime Minister saying, “. responded by letter

on these issues would in orher areas and In+astructure, for the long

it is clear that the Round Table a high calibre and thoughtThey

agreements create durable

has produced provoking

set of recommendations. assistance....”

relationships

and resources

will be of tremendcus

INITRATIVES

COLLABORATING

IN SECTOR

DIALOGUES

The National

Round Table acted as a round table of Interests objecfor

The Tourism

Industry

Assoclatlon

of

catalyst to establish a forest with the broadest collection

Canada agreed to take a ‘cad role with the National dialogue Round Table in setting up a on sustaInable developmen: in

ever assembled. There tives: to develop sustaInable

are th-ee

a vision ard orlnclples 17 Canada’s

the sector and, together

with the Rcund formed the

development

Tables of P.E.I. and Saska:chewan, a Steering Committee

forests: to have each part cipant develop an action plan for its cont.-lbution sustainable development; to

to lnaugu*ate

first meeting In early provincial Automobile Wildlife

of 2 I Stakehclde-s groups

n Halifax such as

and to make and

199 I, including

recommendations other jurisdictions. pants including

to governments There

ministries, the Canadian Association, the Canadian of

are 25 particifrom tndus-

representatives

Federation, groups,

a representative Heritage

try, unions, the Aboriginal Association, So far there

Forestry Club.

First Nations the Canadian

Canada and As part of

the NRT, and the Serra IS agreement

Parks Service.

on 26 principles

phase one, the goal of the group was to hammer out a set of guIdelInes for sustainable and codes

and some particrpants individual

have developed

plans or codes of practice.

of practice which

developrrent by al secTor.

could be adopted

Stakeholders

In the Tourism

In a report retained

prepared

by Lou D’Arrour, the D,alogue, initially

to co-ordinate

these Principles and Practrces were applied to specific sectors w thin the Tourism industry Tour

such as: Accommodation, Operators and

Foodseruice, Ministries Guidelines

of Tourism.

These Codes and Tour SM were at the Tourism Annual

for Sustainab’e acceptec

enthusiastically Industry meeting

Association in February,

of Canaca’s 1992.

With

Provincial

Round Taoles tn Prince Ecward Is’anc, this initiato as

Saskatchewan, Manitoba,

and Alberta

endorsing

tive, discussions are now underway implement

the Codes and Guidelines process It IS

Phase II of this Dialogue

hoped that Phase II will be ‘uncec by the Environmental under the Green proposal Partnersh

n pat-t

p Fund

Plan, for which a be ng preoared.

is currently

PROMOTING

EDUCATION

initiatives

to solIcit lndivldual

and commu-

nity involvemer.: Sustainable disciplines development applies to all in elemenreinforce

and, at the same time, to and initiatives would The Shad Valley Program of British Coltmbra technology at the University course in for interThe into the

exrstlng programs

and should be taught

across Canada. PartrcioACTlON carry responsibility

IS a summer

for implementation. Include year-round

tary and secondary separate academic National

schools not as a The program would public service messages, television programs, educatIonal and motivatronal leaders, multiand commmunity Its Education

and entrepreneurship

field of study but as part of most subjects. At the instigation Round Table a Sustainable Education Program was for educaof the

ested senior high school students. National program module Rcund Table introduced a sustainable development

materials for community Development launched to develop programs stakeholder participatory tors and student guidelines opment curricula. teachers, and to evolve sustainable into was colleagues. develfor integrating concepts coalrtlons,

that offers crltical analysis of scienpractices. The goal is students to practise in and to

tific and technological twofold: to encourage

events. Through

Task Force, the NRT IS seeking to involve provincial and rerrltorlal round table

a more sustarnable science, technology, develop a working

entrepreneurship and commerce; model for teaching

and principles

A board of 23 directors funds were raised, the with the

established, program

sustainable to other The National Education Round Table’s Task Force on advice on what it interested

development

that can be useful

was affiliated

educatlonal

programs.

Conference

Board of Canada for managerpurposes, an execuof

ial and administrative tive director the program

soliclted

was hrred, the philosophy was defined,

should be doing by inviting parties to present Winnipeg

a plan of action and

their views at hearings in Twenty-SIX partici-

was developed, research

and consultation

and Ottawa.

is underway.

pants who were predominantly and environmentalists tion in addition the Sustainable accepted

educators the invitafrom

to representatives Development

Education of

As a result of a coliaborative the National Round Table,

effort

among

Program, the Canadran Council Ministers, ano provincial Alberta,

round tables in Manitoba, and

Pat-ticipACTION, the Environment, social marketing

and the Department the development

of

British Columbia, Ontario, New

of a

Brunswick,

strategy was proposed responsible citizen-

Newfoundland. extremely prepared

Their advice was

that aims at fostering

helpful to the task force as it Its actlon plar.

ship as a means of furthering development response Brundtland National The proposal

sustainable IS a direct of the

to recommendations Commissron

and Canada’s

Task Force on the Environment and to the newly Strategy. of public

and the Economy, revised World

Conservation

They call for expansive education, debate,

campaigns

and public participation. 20 different

The proposal

recommends

jNU+BATiVES

DEVELOPING

TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE

DEVELOPMEMT

The declslon

was taken to pub!ish a book which will be an for ImplementIt will The Yational rhat proper economc Round Table is convrnced incentives activity wiil encourage The ob,ective Table which of the National Round within indica-

on too s for sustainabillty intrcd,ctlon to techniques

s to develop

a framework

lng sustalnable concet-trate

development.

that is clean, efficient, and at the same time WIII and prodclct devel-

socral health, and economic

on the four focal areas for under the National imperatives, consensus decision

and competrtive encourage opment, -rent,

tors can best be integrated p-ogress toward To t-Is eld sustainable

to measure development. background and

the tools established

innovation promote

Round Table’s strategic namely: accountability, maklng, economtc tors of sustainable deve op Its thinking ral, :he NatIonal rhe followlng

sustainable

develop-

it commissloned

and improve position.

Canada’s overall In preparing its

oapers. conducted pubils-eo indicators a report

a workshop,

instruments, development.

and indicaTo mater-

competitive

discussing performance the production and

recorrmendations, water, Air a?d earth.

it will focus on air,

concerning

and to prepare

use of energy. Investigation

is continuing.

Round Table undertook

initiatives.

The NRT began work partne-s Vom industry,

with a coalition government, and is

of and The ;\lat onal Round Table will bring for-ward suggestions worl< of decision sector that
WI/I

the environmental As a preparatory Taole conducted step. the National several project workshops. Round concentrating

movement

for a renewed

frame-

on climate change, acid rain, ozone. In

making in the public hold decision makers more

planning It then primary devel-

urban sn-og, and stratospheric adortioto recommendations, a report

and skill deve!oping essablls-ed objective opmen:

the coalitror

closely to account

for the impact of their

a task force whose is to promote

WI/~ produce
water

to Canadians.

dec SIOX on the environment.

sustainable

through

the use of consensus in Canada. To

rle

NRT began negotiations partners

with

dec,sro? making (CDM)

prospective

to establish a coalithe impact of full use, and

achieve tnis, the Task Force IS bringing together co’lectively handbook all Round Tables in Canada to develop a practical and conclsc criteof

~IOI that will examine cost accounting

and pricing of water innovation,

cost ef$ectlve technological ‘3Us ness opportunities.

that will outline

principles,

ria and guidelines,

A second !nitiatlve

the Task Force IS the development

of a Explo-atron of options began with the sustainable in rural diversity. An on the agricul-

larger book which WI/I describe theorres and practfcal applications in greater detail. a

foc#Js or rural renewal, tu-e, ecological la-dscapes, nvenrory integrity

The Task Force wil! aiso contribute c-apter

on CDM to the book on tools for

and biological

sustalr,abllity.

paper will be prepared

Issues and on the economic that cobId be used.

instruments

INITIATIVES

PARTICIPATING

IN STUDIES AND

REPORTS

A study on the “Impacts In 1990 the National other participants Round Table and the Sustaining a report Management Programs,

on Waste

Practices of Federal Policies, was under-

convened

and Legislation”

Wetland

Forum which

produced

taken, and has been refee-red to Environment Canada for consideration

often described backgrounder

as a comprehensive for sustaining wetlands.

and implementation.

More than 6,000 copies of ti-e report were distributed. Wetlands monitored Since then, the Canadian Task Force has ofthe report’s action on advice The National opportunities and ecological The intention from which action Round Table is examining and barriers to an economic renewal in rural Canada.

Conservation implementation

73 recommendations, wetlands concerning additional conservation, the report, reports

reviewec provided

and IS preparing follow-

is to assemble information recommerdatlons for further

recommending

up actions. Participants are the National Canadian Canadian Canadian Institute WildlIfe

in the Task Force

can be developed.

The National potential sustainand of

Rounc Table, the of Agriculture, the the

Round Table sees an intriguing for linking sustainable able communities, brodiversity and agr!cJlture,

Federation

Pulp and Paper Association, Wildlife

lancscape

ecology,

Service, the Canadian

into a gradual revltallzatron was

of Planners, Ducks Unlimited, Habitat Canada.

rural Canada. The examlnatlon precipitated alternative by the growing economic

urgency for in rural and

development

areas, a strong sense of resource landscape A task force on biodiverslty lished and charged with ;wo ties: the first is to malntaln was estabresponsibilian overarching Issues in by pending stewardshlp international

among producers, trade agreements,

and an accelerating competitiveness

concern

for the sector.

of the agrl-food

capacity to address biodsversity any of the other the National to examine initiatives

urdertaken

Round Table; the second IS the work being done by other of Information whether After the National formal Round Table Initiated of

agencies, and the inventory

that already exists, to determine there is a unique role for tie

discussions with representatives of the Auditor General of

Natlonal the

the Office

Round Table to play that will further cause of biodiversity ir Canada.

Canada, a principal seconded

from that office was Round Table to

to the National

assist in the drafting accountability development

of an issue paper on on sustainable

and reporting

in the public service.

eighteen

An Examination Competitiveness

of Environmental

Regulotion

and

A Report on jobs, Development

Training,

ond Sustainable

In November

the National

Round Table

A study group drawn from dlvene ests was formed to examine

inter-

The

-eport

~111 explore

the links among

and the Institute Policy establlshed Committee between

for Research on Public a Senior Advisory research on links

recent assercan

jobs, susta nability, and competitrveness and the Issues which stem from these interrelatior,shlps.

tions that environmental create competrtive is focusing of

regulations

to oversee sustainable

advantage.

The group

development,

on the pulp and paper industry understanding environmental It will in the
A Report on Environmental Industries

competitiveness, and to generate sustainable to Canadian marketplace

and human well-being; a deeper awareness

in an effort to gain a better of the relatIonshIp protection conduct United Canada. between

development

as a contributor in the global of

In order to emphaslze ties for enterprises abatement

business opportuniin end-of-pope

and competitiveness.

competitiveness

involved

case studies of the industry

and in the overall quality will culminate in a

equipment

and the design of for

States, Finland, Sweden, Japan, and

life. This initiative symposium theme

new processes envlronmental provrdes

and technologies protection,

In the Fall of I992 on the the Key to In The paper will outline specific competitive economic and instrusrtuations where effective
A Paper on Economic Instruments

the report emerging in Canada. of Canada’s in the

“Sustarnability:

an overview

of trends industry

Compet’tiveness preparation

in the 2 1st Century”.

in the envrronmental The report

are the following: ments will promote sustainability

offers a discussion competitor

role as a potential environmental enhancrng

Industry

with a view to

A Report

on Sustoinobitity

and the Financial

efficiency.

how it may achieve these goals.

Services Industry

The report required

will identify

the information
A Study on Infrastructure, Sustainability, and A Report on Sustainable Development, Trade, and Prosperity

by Industy

to assist in the

management guidelines

of risk. It will recommend The primary purpose of the study is to that to improve its identify key issues and tensions infrastructure permeate planning so that in the search for an and sustainable

Competitiveness

for management

The repot-t will examine competjtiveness standards of lower

the impact on environmental Concern as a result Free

assessment of risk. they can be addressed
A Report on Lender Liability

:n otner jurisdictions.

over this Issue has heightened of negotiations for a North

economrcal’y society. to

prosperous

Curren; liability difficult attract

uncertainty of investors

over the potential and lenders makes it projects the report of

American

Trade Agreemen;.

for some worthwhile capital. Consequently liability

A Report

on Government Development

Incentives

and An Examination Com?Jetitiveness

Sustainable

of Environmental

Assessment

and

will examine contaminated stakeholder

in the context

The report between

WIII highlight the relationships incentives and

sites and, through

a multi-

Government development.

An examrnatron environmental

of the proliferation assessment processes

of in

task force, recommend the investment and

sustainable which where

Agriculture, as a sector progress toward serves as a

measures to Improve competitive &mate.

1swrdely perceived tncentrves impede economic

Canada IS being conducted

to determlne

their Impact on Canada’s international competitiveness. identify One objective is to

sustainable case study.

practices,

opportunities

for rationalization Included of such

and jurisdictlonal in the examination processes ‘n otner

harmonization.

will be a review countries.

CREATING

FORUMS

FOR LEARNING

The Nat’onal Canadian

Round Table and the of Commerce under-

At the request Indtsiry,

of the Department

of the

The Youth Natlonal

Science Foundation

and the five at the

Chamber

Science and Technology,

Round Table sponsored a total of $2,500

took to sponsomen: workshops

environmental

manage-

Nat onal Rolind Table is helping to design a training program that will sensitize the officers to issues. An

awards worth Canaaa-Wide for the projects sustainab’e

for small and medlumLearning and developed and

Science Fair. The awards are that best exemplify practices. were: Last

size? business operators. teat-ing materials were

department’s env ronmental

700 commerce management

development

four pilot wo-kshops forthcorn

were held. In the

NRT representative on the department’s on environmental tee offers guidance memorandum Industry federal

also sits as an advrsor steering protection. committee The committhe

year tiie awards winners
I. Sandy Geddes

ng year five to ten workshops The existence of about

will oe offered. 900,000 lines the

Booth

Merrorlal

Junior Secondary

(B.C.)

small businesses In Canada undermpcr-tance of this initiative.

for implementing

of understanding

between and the

2. Anthony Howe Sea Vew ,Lnior

Secondary

(B.C.)

Sc ence and Technology Department

of the Environment.

3. Laura Ralph ,ames A. Magee Community (Or;.) 4. Erika Manders I\lort- Is and Secondary 5. Mark Kirchhof Barrie Central

School

At tne Inv:ation for Management Round -able memoe-

of the Canadian Development,

Centre a National In partnersi-ip the Department Tec’?nology, with Environment Canada,

School

(B.C.)

“epresentative

sits as a commitin

Collegiate

(Ont.)

of the centre’s

advisory

of Industry,

Science and Institute

tee that deals with retraining the area of sustainable centre IS the federal

programs

and the International Development,

development.

The

for SustaInable

the National on “Trade, CARTS IS an affiliation of Round Table from the Round

organization

responsi-

Round Table held a conference the Environment

ble for tralnlng

senior civil service minister.

and Competitiveness”. on the links between and the incorporation into such tradeas the the European GATT, and free of

Secretariats harional,

with representation

managers JP to the level of deputy

Discussion

centred

Provincial,

and Territorial

trade and ecology ecological governing Community, trade concerns

Tables. CARTS holds a formal each year to discuss trends development. The

meeting

in sustainable

associations the OECD,

I99 I CARTS meeting in Vancouver, the sessions Instruments There was which being

was held In November British Co:umbia. were workshops Among

between

Canada and the United Mexico. It also of

States and possibly with considered the influence

on Economic Communities.

on producers among

and Sustainable

ris’ng ecologlcal purchasers

consciousness

also a special session on UNCED resulted crafted n a joint communique

A book about the conference with an update stands. of the

will be publisned situation

ant passed on to the Prime

as it currently

Mlnlnster.

Additlo?al

meetings

are held throughout

tne year to allow Round Tables to keep abreast of each others work.

INITIATIVES

PUBLISHING

BOOKS,

GUIDES,

NEWSLETTERS,

AND

VIDEOS

On the Road to Brazil: The Earth Summit -which assists Canadians The NRT’s Communications publIshed handbooks 10,000 boxed on sustainable Department in understanding Nat:ons and
IS

the

issues before the United Conference Development collection produced Association

sets of five development

on the Environment

at Rio de Janeiro. It

a

and distributed audience.

them to a targeTed

of papers on the summit by the United Na;;ions wth papers

Each set contained:

In Canada com>lned of two researc-

The Notional Waste Reduction Handbook which identifies new waste management mun;c:pal ;les. IT of

edited

versions

commissioned developing

by the NRT to ass/St It n for t-e

strategies

for Canadian

recommendations

was sponsored Canadian

by the Federation

Prime Minister.

Municipalities, Ltd.

and BrowningPreserving Our World: A Consumer’s Brondtland Report -which Guide to the

Ferris Industries

is aimed at re’ping the nature cf IT is a -epubllcahandbook wi-ich in

Discussions

on Decision Making Practices for is a practical to dlf5cuit compa-

Canadians sustainable

understand

Sustainable Development - which guide illustrating environmental approaches decisions

development. Troyer’s

tion of Warner first appeared the boxed Canadian

affectirg

in I990 and was lncldded from

nies, unions, governments, mental organizations, organizations. & Gamble donated

non-govern-

set with sponsorship Pacific Hotels

and professIonal by Procter al

and Resorts

It was sponsored

Inc. and includes rrater by the Manitoba

Round Tar,le Rohnc Table. In partnership with author Mark Roseland,

and the British Columbia

Sustainable Development: A Manager’s Handbook - which is designed to assist of

the National “Towards Resource

Round Table pub ished Communities aid A Local

Sustainable

managers in grading the pe-iormance their organizations able development, undertaking in relation

Book for Municipa’

to s,stainin

Governments”

which wili be d’strlb,:ed 1992. IT wil qave

and to guide them

across Canada in August

a “do-it-yourself’

envlronmen“y the Royal

a strong focus on tools to address s,th issues as atmospheric the greening change, air qua1 ty,

tal audit. it was sponsored Bank of Canada.

of cities, procurement development.

policies, and community

Trude, Lc'noi~ 'id/i, h d/i CoinyMiti~5enes.r: ('II:

c$eri[lj Su5f ffiniig G,h 01/ii , i’g i/ This book, edited Sarah Richardson, overview involved by John Kirton provides and The Nationa!
Round Table published

The National a kit national

Round Table Review, a that ran to 28 pages in published quarterly and

newsietter
IS

a tlmely

that shows young

peop e how to simulate issue

its Spring issue, distributed

of the issues and perspectives in pursuing trade agreements of sustainable that

a round table usng a ‘ocal ecological and adopting the roles of interested

free of charge to more than groups,

12,000 businesses, environmental academic institutions, government

respect the precepts opment. This volume,

devel-

parties such as company ecologists, government

officials, unionists, officials, and

due to be released version made

agencies, municlpal;aes, and municipal Its purpose audience

media, provincial

in the fall, is based on the edited of twenty-one at the Toronto Competitiveness, (November National major presentations Conference

citizen advocates. teachers

The kit can be used by or by young people It can engage and negotiain formal

round tables, and individuals a national

in classrooms

is to provide

on “Trade,

in clubs or informal participants

groups.

with

news and analysis concerncevelopment.

and the Environment” by the

In communication

ing sustainable

4, I99 I) hosted

tion skills not necessarily taught education systems ~

Round Table Foreign Policy This conference brought

such as debate,

Committee. together

consensus decision resolution.

makIng, and conflict In its continuing effort to promote development awareamong Round Table

the leading Canadran and stakeholders from the and views

International government, academic

ness of sustainable

business, environmental, to exchange

Canadian youth, the NatIonal is preparing

communities

a music vice0 for release in Juno Award special guests

on the multifaceted trade

linkages between The National publication Sustainable young Round Table is preparing a “Youth Action Gurde for to provide for

the fall of I992 featuring winner

and the environment.

the Infidels and other

performing

lyrics and music specially by the NRT to highlight concerns.

Develooment”

commissioned

people

with a s:mple straightforof globa, issues and their The guide will examine

pressing ecological

ward overview With the assistance of the Canadian Congress as a co-sponsor, the interdependence.

Labour National

uter Dlske/tij fli2inzntfd 1 I Iif,J?I/f Ii;‘, i ain,jQ The National computer Round Table produced a

the issues and suggest possible approaches and solutions aimed at achieving sustain-

Round Table neared completion better sustain-

of a book designed to help workers understand ti-e issues surrounding

ability. It will offer widely youths from around

diverse views of and will be Seminar

diskette

that uses a combination

the world

of graphics and text to help explain the round table process. The interactive features allow a viewer to choose what to to have answered.

able development, in the workplace.

especially. as they apply

a followup

to the AIESEC Global Theme

Series and World

Conference des et

(AIESEC - Association etudiants

internationale

see and what questions

en sciences, economrques

commerciales)

PUblil

sem

i .Il;//i~~,.,/‘;‘7n~‘l?/.~ the year four, 30.second development

Throughout

messages aboldt sustaInable

were aired in both English and French over Radio Quebec, R/vi&-e-du-loup, CFCF I2 Montreal, NTV Newfoundland, TVA and

STV in both Regina and Saskatoon.

“No one

we’d get that far” _

o..the laeest

Society, and various other environmental groups, companies, and associations. There were twenty-five in all and they posed as great a challenge to operating by consensus as anyone might conceive.

Company Ltd., the past president of the Canadian Pulp and Paper

I

Association, and a member of the National Round Table.

He is himself is an example of what the National Round Table is trying to achieve as it seeks to

ind Yet, a year and six meetings almost anything a try - but few e Forest Round Table has d to twenty-six “Principles stainable Development”; ants are completing idual action plans to imple-

overcome institutional barriers to sustainable development - as he is the first to admit during a conversation in his St. Catharines office

&$presentative,‘So did%& S; harvesting practices and

=

\x.

cantly of all, it has developed a remarkable esprit de corps. ABORIGINAL FORESTRY Association ’ I “I got a lot of pride out of all this,” says Houghton and that feeling seems to be widespread. Houghton is chairman of Quebec and Ontario Paper I He has changed both “professionally and personally”, he says. Like many executives in the forestry industry, Houghton

t w e n r y - f o u r

area while the chief executive for management, whose primary responsibility is to keep the company solvent and competitive, is focusing fiercely on achieving maximum cost efficiency in unit operations.” ‘When I joined the National Round Table a year and a half ago I began being exposed to a whole new set of values,” Houghton says. “Whether or not I agreed with them, I had to accept that they were real.” And after a year on the Forest Round Table “I have a different perspective of Canada’s forests than I had before.” He also sees that participants with non-business backgrounds on the Forest ‘Round Table “are coming to accept that there is an ‘economic side” to Canada’s forests that is desperately important to the country and extremely difficult to balance in the face of global competition. worked his way up through small company towns where he says there were few community ‘challenges to his convictions. If you consider one large pulp and paper company - the fifth largest in Canada - as an institution in microcosm, then it is apparent how, in at least one way, institutions can become resistant to outside influence. People who followed the route that he did could be somewhat removed from the firing line of “By the same token”, he adds, “environmentalists often ,don’t appreciate the discomfort (to put it mildly) of sitting at a boardroom table trying to justify the extra expense of diverting a logging road around a sensitive ( public opinion and could develop an instinctive reaction to criticism that depicted outside critics as ill informed. “They just don’t understand,” was the standard reaction, Houghton says. “I’m sure that’s true,” says Elizabeth May, national representative of the Sierra Club of Canada and the person who is credited with almost single handedly stopping the spraying of pesticides in Nova Scotia. “We were aware of the economic side before,” she says, “but the sustained interaction with industry representatives has helped develop a broader appreciation of economic intricacies”.

“It used to be,” says Houghton, “that we’d look at timber and our only thought was how would we get that tree from the forest to the mill as efficiently as possible.” Now he says we’re concerned to a much greater extent than ever before with protecting topsoil and the various species that grow in an area, guarding against runoff and erosion, ensuring regeneration, maintaining wildlife, and considering recreational and aesthetic issues.

He calls these “values” and as he talks it becomes apparent that they are more than professional considerations. They’ve also become increasingly central to his personal life - “partly,” he says, “because I’ve learned a lot and partly because I’ve discovered these values have more importance than I’ve been willing to give them before.” Houghton asked only one thing of the people he invited to join the Forest Round Table. They had to accept that there was a relationship between the economy and the environment.

t w e n t y - f i v e

A

S A M P L I N G

If Hinton provided the glue, the next meeting did the bonding. It took place in the towering old growth forest of the Carmanah Valley on the west coast of Vancouver Island. It was very emotional for everyone, says Houghton. Mutual respect had been growing; as had individual credibility. Carmanah supplied inspiration. Now people were finding themselves committed to succeeding - and they did. By the time they completed their sixth meeting in Timmins, Ontario, they had their twentysix principles. -“They discovered that they could agree on seventy-five to eighty per cent of the things where they thought they’d never get agreement,” Houghton says. “The other twenty-five per cent they may never agree on. But the fact One of the first things the group did was form a steering committee and one of the first things the committee did was invite Professor Hamish Kimmins, of the Department of Forest Ecology at the University of British Columbia, to act as moderator for meetings. ( It was the third meeting at Hinton, Alberta, about 30 Company, and ‘the discussion led to a knock-down drag-out fight on herbicides, probably the best exchange of views on that subject that I have seen. Everyone took off their gloves. Everyone took turns talking and everyone took turns listening. No one moved for an hour, right there in the The first meeting was held in June 199 I and its main achievement, according to Houghton, is that “it didn’t blow up.” Instead of immediately confronting tough issues such as clearcutting, pesticide use, and biodiversity, participants decided to try and establish a set of principles to guide their actions. kilometres from the entrance to Jasper National Park that the group began to click “We were in the woods,” says Joe O’Neill, vice-president of woodlands for the Miramichi Pulp and Paper woods, just bearing down on that subject But at the end of this discussion you could see both sides budging just a little bit I decided to stick with the group after that.” “I think that was the meeting that furnished the glue that brought the group together,” says Houghton. Claire Dansereau, forest and environment planner for the IWA, has a similar assessment. “We started off being very general and (became) very specific and hard-nosed, and “It was a bonding experience,” says May, “and we ended up with a good set of principles. No one thought we’d get that far It’s been one, of the best multi-stakeholder experiences I’ve ever had.” that they could agree on so much so readily made them realize that when it came down to deciding, they had come to positions they didn’t know they had arrived at and hadn’t even recognized.”

that was a result of the trust developed in the room. I spent a lot of time wondering why that trust was there, and it’s real trust, it’s not, put on for the time we are together. I think that where the trust came from was the fact that we had to have an Action Plan. Action plans allowed the process to focus and become effective much more quickly.”

pants asked for comment from a member of the National Round Table secretariat who was serving as staff to the Forest Round Table. “You are the actors,” he said. “No matter to whom you make your recommendations, you are the ones who’ll have to implement them. You are it.” As well as preparing recommendations, they decided to hold a seventh meeting in the fall of I992 at Miramichi, New Brunswick, and to take on a heavy issue clearcutting. This will be where, as Houghton likes to say, the rubber will hit the road. The object, he says, will not be to declare clearcutting either good or bad.

As for the forest Round Table, “There may be other ways of getting agreement. But this is sure proving to be a good way. You can reach consensus. It’s a compromise, but it’s a helluva lot better than where we started from. And for a company it’s much more efficient than a confrontational approach.”

MEMBERSHIP IN THE FOREST ROUND TABLE Moderator, Hamish Kimmins Canadian Federation of Professional Forestry Associations,* Chris Lee Canadian Federation of Woodlot Owners, Peter DeMarsh Canadian Forestry Association , Glen Blouin Canadian Nature Federation, Paul Griss Canadian paperworkers Union, Keith Newman Canadian Parks and Wilderness, SocietyDiana Keith Canadian Pulp and Paper Association,+ David Barron Canadian Silverculture Association, Dirk Brinkman Canadian Wildlife Federation, Gary Blundell Canadian Wildlife Service, Gerry Lee Council of Forest Industries of British Columbia, Tony Shebbeare Forest Caucus Canadian Environmental Network, Lois Corbett Forest Products Branch, ISTC, Bruce Gouriay Forestry Canada,* Tom Lee Fur Institute of Canada, Gerry Wilde

“(We all) went to the table thinking that we had something to teach. I think we all now know that we had something to learn. Most people have realized that you have to learn to listen, but now we have to learn to learn as well. We can’t just hope to change people’s minds. We have to allow our minds to be changed by the process we’re in;”

it will be to try and establish a process by which decisions can be made on how to log a site. “In some cases clearcutting will be okay. In some cases it won’t be.

How do you rate things,

including aesthetics and all the other values I’ve been talking about, to make sure you’re making the right decision?” He won’t comment on their

IWA Canada*Claire, Dansereau
Miramichi Pulp and Paper Inc., Joe O’Neill National Aboriginal Forestry Association, Harry Bombay Ontario Forest Industries Association, Marie Rauter Sierra Club of Canada, Elizabeth May Task Force on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility, Peter Chapman University Forestry Schools, Rod Carrow Weldwood of Canada Ltd., Don Laishley Wildlife Habitat Canada,* David Neave National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy,* John Houghton NRTEE Secretariat, Steve Thompson A Steering Committee (*) was drawn from leaders of stakeholder groups listed above, and the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy.

But Timmins wasn’t the end of the road. The question facing everyone was, “What’s next?” The suggestion was made that they should compile recommendations and one of the partici-

chances of success. But he will say that the process so far “reinforces my belief that.if you get honest and dedicated people together, you can make things happen.”

PAR+!CIPANTS

Many

Volunteers

Contribute and Members

to our Efforts of the and the National Economy Round acknowland

lmperlal lnco

0

NRT

RESOURCE

PEOPLE

TCle Cha~rmw Table on the

LimIted Limited DIrectorate Institute Institute for Envtronment Research Canada Policy

Brian Kohler Health, Sofe:y and lndustnol Dr. Eva Rosilger. Canod:a? Ccuncii ofMwsten of the Envrunment (CCME) Relations Trornrng Fund

Environment

lnfomerrlca

edge tx

part cipation who

of the followng their

individuals time

11 and Waters nterlatlonal nterxtional ,ane Hawugg

o-ganlrations I” the supper. Table

volunteered

and expertise Round

on Public

of the work

of the

National

for Peace Through Ltd.

Tourism Toby Price. ;wi:onment Environment Canada Canada

Enterprises Ltd.

-afand All Provincla and Ten-torial Round Governments Law Centre Tables -eve-

Enterprises Brothers

Len Good. RBgionales Associbes Bob SoDuck Monrtoba

Provincial Alberta Alberta Atlantic

and Territorial Envlwnmental To-+m Canada

-es Assoc~a:~ons du Quebec -owe-Martlr

Touristiques

Rcund Table on the Envronment 7ayles. Pot Delbridge Assonotes

and the Economy lnc

Company

Inc

Chales

Opportunities

Agency

Ya:Ne~l Manltox

& Associates Department Tetlault of Industry Trade and Tourism Bzrry Bcwa:er, Peter %her Kathleen Research of Tourism, Associates Recreation and Heritage Energy Mines and Resources

Banff Centre

br Management Trade Ltd. ano Tourism

B C M~p~srry of Development, Browning-Feris Canada Canadian Canadian Trust Ba-iers Certw Associatton for Industries

YcCatiny, ‘“l&II Mcraster National

Energy, Mines and Resources Pomeroy & Neil Consulting Inc. Nature Federavon

Univenity University Economic

Ps-neroy,

Paul Gnss, Canadian Mike Rot~nson, i-an;c~s Bregha,

Management

Development

N B Deperrment

Universr~ @-Calgory

Canad,an Chamber of Commerce
Canal (CCKE) Canac an Ecology Advocates and Immigration Advisory an Councli of Mjnlsters on the Environment

Wxth SouP Institute
Yorthern Telecom Ltd. of the Environment and Culture \! S Department U 8 3ew.rtment Office Ontario The ,Rowson Academy ofAquaoc Ann ck Boisset, McGIII Univerwy And* Caucus and Recreation and Parks Dr. ,ohn G. Xrake, McMoster Bnan <elly. Northern George Lafold Fwnce Canodo University Beau ieu, /&CII University Snences

of Tourism General

CanaC an Employment Councl, Canadian Canadian Canadian Canadian Canadtan Canadian Canadian Canadtan Canadian Canadian Canadlap Center Co:ton Co~rcll Ceoartrent Deoartn-ent Ducks ccole Energy Energy

of the Auditor Energy/ Mlnlstiy

Environment of Tourism of Tourism

Research

lnstltute
Network

Oniar~o

Env ronmental Federation Institute Labour Naiure

PEI Department Pemb1na +rk.ns Pe:ro Po&tlon Proctor QLEDX loyal Scmeco State

Telecom Inc.

of Agriculture of Planners

lnstltute
Moore

Congress Federation and Resorts (CPA) Institute

Calada Probe and Gamble & Ontario Paper Company Ltd.

Sharon A-c-ews, Ror Edwarcs,

F~nonce Conado

Pacific Hotels Pet-oleum Pet-oleum

John E. Cox john E Cox Assoc&es CameTon Yak Reporting Jir Rx-say, lndustv, Scrence ood Technology Scrence and Technology MacDonald & Detfwiler Smit? Yukon lndron Development Corporation

Association Products

Eank of Canada In:.

PL’S and Paper Association WIldlife Service Studies, Univ. of Toronto

Weoge,

or EnvIronmental

for international * Temple for -ocal Design

SUE Repo-ting Saskatclewan Economic Limited Diverslficatiop and Trade

MI&ael

Jenkins, Indus*q,

Environmental Mines,

lmtlatives and Resources and Techrology

Shell Cacada Toronto Tourism

Dr John S YacDonald, of Energy, of Industry, Canada d’Administration Publlqwe (ENAP) Waterfront Canada Trust Department of Industry Science John Ki-ton, AId+ Tow Tour Canada Assessment Resource Board Centre Ontario Hydro sm Industry sm Industry Incustry Inc-stry Ontwo “tilitles Nations Assoclatlon of Canada of Law (Gerry SustaInable Ontario Inc. Jane Hawkrgg,jone David (WEST) Summer Youth DomInica Carla students Bablcki Cormlck) Society Project (UNAC) Assoclat!on Association Association Association of Alberta of Canada of PEI of Saskatchewan D Arty D&mere, TIT W.C Egan (Charle) Fergilson, Science

Trinity Unrvewv Saumier F&es Conseii

Unlimited Nat on& Probe

and Technology Samier,

Ewronmelt Ewronmeltal Ewronmental Ernst & Yo--,g Esso (Gorcon Federal F lance Ford

Totiirism Tourism Tourism TrapsAlta

lnco Limited

Royal Bank ofCanada Youth Allronce

,eff Gibbs. Envronmental Bob Westxry, Nornan

Lambert) Assessment Review Office

Unlted Uni\ers,ty Unlberslty of Canada

Env ronmental Canada Company Corp.

of B.C.- Faculty of Washington of Waterloo, of Western

TramAlto Utilities Dofasco Inc.

Lockington,

Mote-

University Unwe-sity VHB

Fraser VJ~lson, Ernst and Young Consultrng Howtigg Enterprises Ltd.

For -te< F-iends Globa Gov’t

Canada

cr the Earth Economics of UFL3

(CANNET) LImited Department of

Research

& Consulting

Western Wes?ern Wildlife

Economic

Diversificat!on & Social Trends

Baker, Pnvy Councrl Ofice

& Labrador,

Environmental H&tat with Wilclife Canada Canadian

Developmen: Gov’t of t-e Yw, Economic Development and

and pori

time staff

Worrlng World York Yukon

TOUXPHaldo--Topsoe Harmony harold Harvard Hentage Hospitaiitv HUSKY 011 lnternat~oral lnternar~onal Development ‘nstltute Research Centre Development Fwndation Corngan. Uwerslty Canada Yewfoundland and Labrador C.A.

Fund, Canada York Un~verzity

Douret Eeavx

lnterxtional, ToJnsm

Katherlre Chat

Nelson

Edw -’ Smith All~scn Des~ree Webb McGraw

for Sustainable

NRT

SECRETARIAT

STANDING

COMMITTEE

ON

EDUCATION

ECONOMIC hticqants

INSTRUMENTS

COLLABORATIVE

EXECUTIVE Ron&d L. 3x1

DIRECTOR ~“g ASSISTANT

NRTEE Joseha Leone An” Gonzz’ri, Plppard, Member

Ontaro Husky 0

Tax Corrmii5~o”

EXECUTIVE Dentie Ltd. DIRECTOR Ann 3&e Mu&

Membw

D<w

Sic,wiioot Smith. Rwarce Penon/hlRTEE

E.B Eddy Forest Procxts Industy,

Cameron

SC ence and Technolog Assocl<des Ltd (Enwolment, Energy and Resource Polity) Inc

OF OPERATIONS

Pat Delbncge Provinaol J, Shetrzld Darlene Bill Elliott Round Tables Moo-e Collins. Ultwrta Bntlsh Columbia Shell Ca~ad; Ron E&a-ds TnnsAlta General

SENIOR H&l&x POLICY

SECRETARY Massic ADVISOR

IJtl ities Coporation Motors of Canada Ltd

Monitobo

Rick Fivdldy, Cn:or,o Jeme tH!llard, Mowoba ,\ew Rrunswick and Labrador

Friencs ,,f the Falih Mike Ke’y ;Soclo-Econombc Cxnge (‘ol~cy Impact) Task Force) Directorate Gov’t of Canada)

PUBLlCATlONS/COMMUNlCATiONS Da” >onoua-

LOUIS Lap’er-e. Dorothy

Sue K :by (Climate George George Kow&. Kwfer

CHIEF

CORPORATE

SERVICES

Ing!is, Ncwfiundland

Sam McLean Caxda Ltd

Palticgonts Council United of Mwsten Nations of Education Canada

Esso Kesowcer Pemb’n,i inergi Colleges ImperIaI B.C. De3 MAB LaFaye P&o Inat,tute F’rcbe 0 I

OFFICE Catby

MANAGER !iCroux

Assoclatio”

I” Canada

Assoc~;:t~oon of Canadw Harmony Secretait Can&aFederation Canadtan Par<i Serv cc Prograrr Found&on

Community

SENIOR stev-

ASSOCIATE

of Enworment Canada Inc

Thorrpson

o: UNESCO-Canada Home

and School and Parent-ieache-

Ca”.ida Resowce a-c Centre

POLICY Phlllppe Anne Mike Pete-

ADVISORS Cl6melt

Ewron-v~tal Prarie SSHRC Development Society of Alberta TRADE, and Northern Region Energy Mires

Resources

I o~~~ll<irc Kelly YcGrath

Eco-Research Pemblna

Institute

for Appropriate Education

Fnends of Ewronmental Global Schoo Change Program

ENVIRONMENT

AND

FINANCE P~errette

OFFICER Gvl:ard

Royal Society of Canada and RegIonal Planning

COMPETITIVENESS Speakers Dr. Johrl ~acDo”ald Dr. George Dr. Connell

CONFERENCE

of Community

Univerwt~

of Bntlsh Columbia Iwey ‘our,datio” Dorfma” and Sweatma” Fcdentlon

COMMUNICATIONS Patt 3acon

ASSISTANTS

The Rlchnrc Thompson.

Dav d B?.>ld\v

Canad ar Teacier’\ Confetexe Assoc,atlon Unlverslty

Arthur Hanron
COMMITTEE Patr c,<i L arki” LIZ+ Camsbe I SECRETARIES d‘Aqwo

Board of Canads of Uriver,ltles of Man’tox for Management and Coileges of Canada

]~m l”atNe4 Thorn&

Dav~c Estrr Adaw L~mmerma-8 Kdp:ana

The B;nfT Centre Mr. Gon!or Worlc

RECORDS Mae Clifford

MANAGEMENT

Haruion for Education and Communlcatlon on

Rosemwe

Congress

Michi~llr~ Swerarrnuk Ha? Rogewx SECRETARIES jul1e wanI-at Lou SC Co,lsmbc Sara Sxdfoti.

Env~ro>mert Enwoqmenta Calgary

and Development Outdoor Education Team

Dr. Le? Good Hon Fran:: Oberie

Board of Ecu< ation for Management Development

Canad at- Centre Synerglsilcs lntergrcwp YM-YWCA Dr. D<wd Surukl Comro~ Heltdge

Joseph G*ee”wild Dr. C>u\taw Reg Bake? Dr U” Sc,w-bak Srnlt,> VEX”-Canovas

Cor,su t,ng Ltd

Dr, Mu-w Program

Dr Juarqai Alanant Prof. Makltzro Alan Dew Hott;

Canclcf~ stevcns Dr. F~rt.a Sow Pete1 Marson Dr. Nuvl ,ildm

INDIVIDUAL Pete] J<.cobs Yvor Michel

PARTICIPANTS

Chahonreau Dcsbws

KeNtI- Newman Yltchel Provost Jean Pasquem W,llivn P?ckez

Far additional

information Rdund Table I89

on

The National
Tel:!6 J3)992-7

Fox:j6 ! 3) 992.7385 The National is located at I Nicolas Suite Ottawa, KIN 7B7 1500 Ontario Street, Round Table Secretariat

This report s printed using vegetable inks.

on recycled s

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