Connectors: although, in spite of, despite, however, therefore, besides, i...

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English Grammar Step by Step UNIT 30 CONNECTORS
Rewrite the sentences below with the connectors given in brackets. 1 Examples: (making contrasts) Although1 (neutral)/Even though (more emphatic)/Though (less formal) he had a sprained ankle (or he had sprained his ankle/his ankle was sprained), he went out for a walk. In spite of/Despite having a sprained ankle/having sprained his ankle, he went out for a walk. In spite of/Despite2 his sprained ankle, he went out for a walk. In spite of/Despite his ankle being sprained, he went out for a walk. He had a sprained ankle, but he went out for a walk. He had a sprained ankle/He had sprained his ankle/His ankle was sprained. However (neutral)/Nevertheless (formal)/Nonetheless3 (formal)/All the same (less formal)/Yet (less formal)/Still (less formal)/Even so (less formal), he went out for a walk. He had a sprained ankle/He had sprained his ankle/His ankle was sprained. He went out for a walk, though (informal)/however/ nevertheless/all the same/nonetheless. a b c d e It was snowing heavily, but they went on climbing. (despite) He is very poor, but he is happy. (although) Despite being caught driving dangerously, he was not fined. (all the same) The sea was very rough. Still, they went sailing. (in spite of) I know you don’t love me; but, even so, I’ll marry you. (even though)

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English Grammar Step by Step: Collapse • Contents • Introduction • Notes • Unit 1: Negative and
interrogative sentences • Unit 2: Short answers • Unit 3: Question tags • Unit 4: Questions and exclamations • Unit 5: So, neither, nor, either • Unit 6: Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel • Unit 7: Verb tenses: forms • Unit 8: Irregular verbs • Unit 9: Verb tenses: uses • Unit 10: Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns • Unit 11: The genitive case • Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns • Unit 13: Gender • Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not,

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Examples: (making contrasts) However4 hard/No matter how hard (more formal) you try, you will never be able to do it. Even though/Even if you try hard, you will never be able to do it. It does not matter how hard you try, you will never be able to do it. Although you try hard, you will never be able to do it. Much (adverb) as/though I loved him, I had to leave him. Although I loved him a lot, I had to leave him. Angry (adjective) as/though I was, I did not tell them anything. Although I was angry, I did not tell them anything.

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Intermediate English Grammar: • Contents • Unit 9: Irregular verbs a English Grammar for Beginners: • Contents • Unit 1: A. besides.. but. In addition. (informal) She works at the bank around the corner. On the other (hand). we must bear in mind the costs. an. in spite of. so and such • Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences • Unit 19: The adjective order Some people who are not happy with what they possess firmly believe in the American dream. they withdrew his driving licence. however.either. it is just a dream. I should like to add that I do not mind6 your carrying out any changes that you consider necessary.Connectors: although. we must consider the fact that this year’s income is lower than last year’s. the benefits we can obtain from them. on the other) As well as being well-trained for the post. (even though) Although it is fast. she does the household chores. On the other hand. We must bear in mind the costs. I recognise that he is a bit selfish. and I’m also very exhausted. + thing. They fined him and. lots. On the one hand.any. any + body/one. I won’t buy it.. I don’t feel like dancing. In addition to working at the bank around the corner. not. We must bear in mind both the costs and the benefits (that) we can obtain from them.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors.. compounds of some. and what’s more I’m very exhausted. (much as) Everyone is worried about the scandal. none.polseguera. Also. + where • Unit 3: Personal pronouns and possessives • Unit 4: Reflexive pronouns. i. but also withdrew his driving licence. few. the benefits we can obtain from them. each. it is just a dream. Besides. no and every • Unit 15: Neither. In addition to being fined. on top of that. (besides) First. despite. I think it’ll do us some good. I don’t feel like dancing. some any and the • Unit 2: Some. and some experts might also find some difficulties interpreting them.. any. (furthermore) b c d e 4 Examples: (expressing the result or consequence of something) As we know them through and through. For all that.. his driving licence was withdrawn. he will not accept. (on the one hand. the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns • Unit 5: List of irregular verbs The layman will not understand these instructions. that we are working harder than last year. therefore. Despite this. 2 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 . gerunds and present participles • Unit 24: Conditional sentences • Unit 25: Passive sentences • Unit 26: Reported speech • Unit 27: Purpose • Unit 28: Word order • Unit 29: Inversion • Unit 30: Connectors • Unit 31: Prepositions • Unit 32: Phrasal verbs Examples: (adding) I don’t feel like dancing. both and all • Unit 16: A few. as it evokes the things they would like to have. (for all) • Unit 20: Relative clauses • Unit 21: Do and make 3 • Unit 22: Modal verbs • Unit 23: Infinitives. I don’t feel like dancing. Some people who are not happy with what they possess firmly believe in the American dream.php none. I’m very exhausted. a little. I’m very exhausted. (moreover) These fairy cakes are not only homemade. They not only fined him. not. she does the household chores. I don’t feel like dancing. but they also have the best-quality ingredients. too. many. a b c d e Although she was terrible ill. (in addition to) I submit it to you for your approval.. I’m very exhausted. (ill though) It does not matter how much money you give him. in spite of all its implications. Besides5. as it evokes the things they would like to have. every and the. she did not stay in bed. (fast as) Despite my admiration for him. she is beautiful. then. http://www. little. no and plenty • Unit 17: Enough. a lot. they can’t deceive us. much.

she cooks it very often. which is why we left a message for you. Since the management of the company have been raising funds illegally during the last few years. 3 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 . Seeing (that/as9) the chairwoman has not come today. they will be taken to court. This is (the reason) why we left a message for you.Connectors: although. therefore. we will have to put the meeting off. They will therefore be taken to court. they will no longer trust him. Therefore/ Consequently/For this reason/ As a result/As a consequence/In consequence.polseguera.) The cause of his illness was that he did not eat enough food. despite. (for this reason) 5 Examples: (expressing the cause or reason of something) She loves pasta.. We couldn’t contact you. (so) Since they have violated our civil rights. a b c d e As we have spent all our money. Thus (very formal)/ So (less formal)/Hence (very formal) they will be taken to court. We finished painting the house in time for the wedding day thanks to their help. they will be taken to court. so we left a message for you. so she cooks it very often. besides. we should like to lodge a complaint. The management of the company have been raising funds illegally during the last few years. The chairwoman has not come today. (But She couldn’t walk properly because she had an injured leg. so she could not walk properly. She had an injured leg. His illness was due to8 malnutrition/lack of food. We couldn’t contact you. If they hadn’t helped us. we wouldn’t have finished painting the house in time for the wedding day. as/since/because/for (very formal) she loves it. in spite of.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors. so we will have to put the meeting off. so they can’t deceive us. with the result/ consequence that they will be taken to court. We couldn’t contact you. She cooks pasta very often. i. The reason10 (why/that) we left a message for you was that we couldn’t contact you. The management of the company have been raising funds illegally during the last few years.. however. (therefore) As he has broken his promise twice. (in consequence) He did not pass me for failing to write the essay on Shakespeare. we can’t buy the train tickets. She couldn’t walk properly because of/on account of (formal)/ owing to7 (formal) her injured leg.php Other Services: • Popular Phrases and Sayings • The Writer's Place • English Grammar Books • Interesting Pieces of Writing • Hotel Rooms and Car Hire • Cultural Directory • General Directory • Free Virtual Postcards • Dictionaries and Translators • Advertise with us • Weblog Services We know them through and through. As/Since/Because she loves pasta. The management of the company have been raising funds illegally during the last few years. http://www. (with the result that) They were fined because they were driving too fast. The management of the company have been raising funds illegally during the last few years.

(as) They tried to ridicule me. so we didn’t wait for them. (but) He could not live without her. I would have got sunburnt. (even if) We will have to take sterner measures.polseguera. (through) Even though he was happy. He is too short to be a basketball player. (because) Although I approve of parties. however. you will have to live with them. (since) The lack of discipline was the reason they lost the battle. a b c d e It made my mouth water. (thus) You have failed all your exams. (so) No matter how much you hate them. so he is crying his heart out. (consequently) ‘However fast I ran. besides. (for) We have considered your proposal thouroughly. They had to shut down because they were very negligent. (due to) As our business is going from bad to worse.. this is the consequence of its popularity. (all the same) If it hadn’t been for her. you will be expelled from the club. (on account of Many people are dying in the Third World every day. (although) His father has died. (owing to) These are the rules.’ she dreamt. he felt lonely at times. (clever as) We saw many paratroopers. so I left. (the reason) If I hadn’t used your protective cream. (thanks to) 6 a b c d e f g h i j k Revision exercise. (as a result) Many people are dying from lack of food in the Third World every day. (however) We were in a hurry.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors.. so I ate it. (because of) The document was badly written. (besides) The padlock I bought was not big enough for the gate. but there are exceptions. (thanks to) l m n o p q r s t u v w x y 4 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 . i. (hence) The cause of his death was a heart attack. (what’s more) Majorca is a paradise for tourists. so I didn’t sign it. (much as) As you have not performed your duties. I would have drowned.php We left a message for you because we couldn’t contact you. I can’t let you give one tonight. (nevertheless) I neither love you nor I want to see you again.Connectors: although.. so we will not buy you the bike we promised. (the reason) Nobody dared to dissent from the decision of the prime minister. (happy though) In spite of being clever with his hands. They had to shut down as a result of/through their negligence. I was always in the same place. They were very negligent. too. since the unemployment rate has increased. so he consented to all her wishes. They were armed to the teeth. but she did. so they had to shut down. (because) He is too ill to move/to be moved.) We will have to work hard at it because time is pressing on. despite. we will have to close down. he couldn’t fix it. therefore.. but we are afraid to tell you that we cannot assent to it. in spite of. http://www.

.. In the third place/Third(ly)..) after all.. (in my opinion) I suppose you have dazzled them with your beauty and good manners.. (in spite of) 7 Examples: (ways of expressing an opinion) I think (that) the government should do something about inflation.Connectors: although.. After all. this business is profitable.polseguera. we cannot disregard all they have done for us.. (as I see it) 8 Examples: (reaching conclusions) If we consider everything. Briefly/In brief/In conclusion/In short/(To put it) in a nutshell/Summarising/Summing up/To sum up. (if you ask me) I think they have divorced. this business is profitable. however. a b c d e They haven’t come tonight. In the second place/Second(ly). (in short) Therefore. You must bear in mind that she is your wife. this business is profitable.. Finally/Lastly/In the end/Last of all... she’s paid the bill.. a remedy to prevent tooth decay will be available soon. You shouldn’t talk ill about your wife. she wasn’t. therefore. but we mustn’t forget they are very busy.. I think (that) the government should do something about inflation. In my opinion/To my mind/In my view/To me (informal)/To my way of thinking/As far as I am concerned/If you ask me (informal)/ From my point of view/From my viewpoint/As I see it/The way I see it. (to sum up) 9 Examples: (organising the sequence of events. All in all. i. 5 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 .. a b c d e I reckon we could do without them. besides. Taking everything into account/consideration11. (after all) All things considered. the government should do something about inflation.. As far as I know/As far as I am aware/To (the best of) my knowledge/For all I know. the unemployment rate has fallen..org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors.. (after all) If we take everything into account..php z Although she had told him that she would always be true to him. we can come to the conclusion that the government should do away with this law. http://www. Then/Next/After that. the business is profitable. (to me) I imagine she just wanted to impress you. Personally/For my part. in spite of. this business is profitable. Taking account of everything. (to the best of my knowledge) I am of the opinion that men and women should be treated equally. I think (that) the unemployment rate has fallen. You shouldn’t talk ill about your wife. (all in all) Despite that. facts and so forth) First (of all)/In the first place/Firstly. she’s your wife/She’s your wife(. despite.

he went out for a walk.Connectors: although. For example/ For instance13. and so on/forth12. sweets(. as a case in point. Some snakes in this region are poisonous. (and so and so forth) ____________________ 1 Although. http://www. even though and though are followed by a subject plus a verb. As a case in point. £15. for example. (in the second place) labour force was very efficient. etc. (a case in point) The bets you can make are as follows: £5. 6 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 . such as/like (less formal) cobras and vipers.. a million pounds to carry out the project. in spite of and despite (more formal). despite. (in the first place) The The The And raw material was cheaper. I like cakes. biscuits. for instance. vipers. Some snakes in this region are poisonous. vipers. We will need.. and so on and so forth.php To begin with/To start with/For a start. In this region. (in the third place) new machinery was very productive. (to end with) 10 Examples: (giving examples) In this region. I like cakes. two bedside tables.) and similar things. (full form: et cetera) In this region. a b c d e We need some new furniture in the house: a table for the dining room. pronoun or gerund. (for instance) There are animals which are in danger of extinction.) and the like14. (such as) You will have to employ. sweets(. (informal) We will need. Some snakes in this region are poisonous. £10. (let us) say. cobras and vipers. we should continue with the same policy/The drop in sales notwithstanding. in spite of. a million pounds to carry out the project.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors. we can mention cobras and vipers/We can mention cobras and vipers. (in the next place) we had to pay fewer taxes. although he had a sprained ankle. by a noun. you can find cobras.. (say) A relevant matter to what we are talking about is the increase in violence on our streets. twenty men to do the job.. however. i.. biscuits. a b c d e We had an increase in sales last year. we can mention the whale. etc. vipers.. The cobra is a case in point/A case in point is the cobra. besides. etc. 2 Notwithstanding is a very formal alternative to despite (preposition) or however (adverb): Notwithstanding the drop in sales. To end with/To finish with/To conclude with.. £20.polseguera. Some snakes in this region are poisonous. you can find cobras. They may also come after the main clause: He went out for a walk. you can find cobras. therefore. etc. In spite of the fact (or despite the fact) is used in the same way as although: In spite of/Despite the fact (that) he had a sprained ankle/he had sprained his ankle/his ankle was sprained.. Amongst them.

. a lot. many. not.either. but it normally occurs in written English: Some snakes in this region are poisonous. be/get/become used to. we sometimes use and/or whatever (else). lots. and whatnot and and what have you instead of and so on/ forth: In this region. despite. grow. each. Page 3.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors. Page 4. We have to take your travelling expenses into account/ consideration. you can find cobras. These words are followed by a noun. turn.. We have to take into account/consideration your travelling expenses. neither. pronoun or gerund. http://www. biscuits. any. 3 4 5 6 7 8 Nonetheless may also be written none the less. none. in spite of. nor. would.polseguera. Moreover and furthermore are formal alternatives to besides..g.. Omit I should like to add that I do not mind. few. compounds of some. eg/e. either (the key) 6 Be. Author: Miquel Molina i Diez Pages: 1. none. so and such (the key) 7 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 . Page 3 and the key) 15 Neither. every and the.any. dare.. no and every (Page 2. cobras and vipers. Page 5 and the key) 10 Personal pronouns. get. some. fall and feel (Page 2 and the key) 7 Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key) 8 Irregular verbs 9 Verb tenses: uses (Page 2. much. possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key) 11 The genitive case (the key) 12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key) 13 Gender (the key) 14 A.Connectors: although. i. section 13. He knew of the many dangers which were awaiting him. 13 Eg (from Latin exempli gratia) is another alternative to give examples. become. See unit 20. 14 A less usual alternative: I like cakes. therefore. go. no. we must invest in it. but.php we should continue with the same policy. not. 2 and the key Contents Introduction Notes 1 Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key) 2 Short answers (Page 2 and the key) 3 Question tags (Page 2 and the key) 4 Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key) 5 So.. vipers and whatever (else)/and whatnot/and what have you. any. in practice. however. not. some people do not follow this rule: She hasn’t come today due to her bad cold. besides.. an. However and no matter how are followed by and adjective or an adverb. a little. used to. sweets. Note the following: Taking into account/consideration that the business is profitable. and such like. but he proceeded with the plan notwithstanding. Grammars sometimes say that due to should be used after the verb be. have. 12 In spoken English. little. too. no and plenty (the key) 17 Enough. 9 10 11 As is colloquial. both and all (the key) 16 A few.

http://www.org/advanced_english_grammar/connectors.com Polse. 2012 ( 15:41:03 ) 8 de 8 18/04/2012 15:56 .net Polseguera.org (Polseguera) info@polseguera.com Polse.org Wednesday . gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key) 24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key) 25 Passive sentences (the key) 26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key) 27 Purpose (the key) 28 Word order (the key) 29 Inversion (the key) 30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key) 31 Prepositions (Page 2.org Polse. i.polseguera.php 18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key) 19 Adjective order (the key) 20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key) 21 Do and make (the key) 22 Modal verbs (Page 2.net © All rights reserved www. 18 April .Connectors: although. Page 3 and the key) 32 Phrasal verbs (the key) Start Page Polseguera.polseguera.. in spite of.. despite. therefore. besides. however. Page 3 and the key) 23 Infinitives.

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