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Glossary (Science Vocabulary)

ENGLISH
Amino acid

SPANISH
Aminocido

VISUAL ASOCIATION

DEFINITION
The monomer proteins. of

EXAMPLES

Antibody Immunoglobulin

Anticuerpo Inmunoglobulina

Y-shaped protein produced by cells of the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign proteins and protect the body from pathogenic microorganisms. Living organism which makes its own organic matter from Plants inorganic matter using an energy Algae Some bacteria source, mainly sunlight.

Autotroph

Auttrofo

Biomolecule

Biomolcula

Molecule found in the living Water Mineral salts beings.

Carbohydrate Lipid Protein Nucleic acid Vitamin

Carbon

Carbono

Bioelement found in the organic biomolecules and gases as carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO). Organic biomolecule which is Glucose Fructose responsible for storing and transporting energy or is a Galactose Ribose structural component.

Carbohydrate Saccharide Sugars

Hidrato de carbono Carbohidrato Glcido Azcares

Deoxyribose Lactose Sucrose Starch Glycogen Cellulose

Cellulose

Celulosa

Polysaccharide (carbohydrate) which is the structural component of the plant cell wall and the most common organic compound on Earth.

Cholesterol

Colesterol Lipid which is a structural component of animal cell membranes and is required to establish proper membrane permeability and fluidity. It is also the precursor of steroid hormones, bile acids, and vitamin D.

Collagen

Colgeno

A structural animal protein found in the connective tissues of vertebrates and the most abundant protein in mammals.

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

cido desoxirribonucleico (ADN)

Organic macromolecule formed by the union of nucleotides and found in the genetic material of cells. It contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms.

Disaccharide

Disacrido

Carbohydrate formed by the Lactose union of two monosaccharides. It is used to provide energy to Sucrose cells.

Enzyme

Enzima

Protein that catalyzes (increases Amylase the velocity of) chemical Ptyalin Lysozyme reactions.
Lipase

Fat

Grasa

Lipid solid at normal room temperature that is used for Triglycerides storing energy.

Fructose

Fructosa

Monosaccharide found in fruits which is responsible for transporting energy.

Glucose

Glucosa

Monosaccharide responsible for transporting energy and found in disaccharides and polysaccharides. Protein which carries oxygen from the respiratory organs (lungs or gills) to the rest of the body.

Haemoglobin

Hemoglobina

Heterotroph

Hetertrofo

Living organism which feeds on organic matter produced by other living beings.

Animals Fungi Protozoa Some bacteria

Hydrogen

Hidrgeno

Bioelement found in the biomolecules.

Inorganic biomolecule Inorganic matter Inorganic compound

Biomolcula inorgnica Materia inorgnica Compuesto inorgnico

Molecule that is not produced by Water a living organism and is not Mineral salts composed of carbon.

Lactose

Lactosa

Disaccharide (carbohydrate) found in milk.

Lipid

Lpido

Organic biomolecule insoluble in water which is used as energy storage, as structural component of cell membranes and as signaling molecule.

Fats Oils Waxes Phospholipids Steroids Cholesterol

Mineral salts

Sales minerales

Inorganic biomolecules which regulate different metabolic activities, help in the formation of skeleton and teeth and are necessary in contraction of muscles and excitability of nerves. Organic biomolecule which is Glucose the most basic unit (monomer) of Fructose Galactose carbohydrates.

Monosaccharide

Monosacrido

Ribose Deoxyribose

Nitrogen

Nitrgeno

Bioelement found in the biomolecules.

Nucleic acid

cido nucleico

Organic macromolecule formed by the union of nucleotides. It contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms or converts genetic information into the amino acid sequences of proteins.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Ribonucleic acid (RNA)

Nucleotide

Nucletido

Organic biomolecule which is ATP the most basic unit (monomer) of ADP AMP nucleic acids.
GTP

Oil

Aceite

Lipid liquid at normal room temperature that is used for storing energy.

Organic biomolecule Organic matter Organic compound

Biomolcula orgnica Materia orgnica Compuesto orgnico

Molecule that is produced by a living organism and mainly composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus.

Carbohydrate Lipid Protein Nucleic acid Vitamin

Oxygen

Oxgeno

Bioelement found in the biomolecules.

Phospholipid

Fosfolpido

Structural lipids that is a major component of all cell membranes.

Phosphorus

Fsforo

Bioelement found in the biomolecules.

Polysaccharide

Polisacrido

Carbohydrate formed by the Starch union of monosaccharides.

Glycogen Cellulose

Protein

Protena

Organic macromolecule which is made up of chains of amino acids. The most important functions: to give structure to the cells to transport substances to regulate chemical reactions to protect the body from pathogenic microorganisms. To move cells, organs

Collagen Haemoglobin Enzymes Antibodies Hormones

Ribonucleic acid (RNA)

cido ribonucleico (ADN)

Organic macromolecule formed by the union of nucleotides which converts genetic information into the amino acid sequences of proteins.

Starch

Almidn fcula

Polysaccharide (carbohydrate) which is the energy store of the plants.

Steroid

Esteroide

Lipid.

Cholesterol Sex hormones

Sucrose

Sacarosa

Disaccharide (carbohydrate) found in plants.

Sulphur

Azufre

Bioelement found in the biomolecules.

Wax

Cera

Lipid used as a water repellent.

Water

Agua

Inorganic biomolecule which dissolves substances, regulates temperature and where metabolic reactions take place.