# FRACTION

Introduction: in Quantitative Aptitude section of competitive exams the questions from the Fractions and Decimals are very easy if you understand the basics of the topic. In this Unit we will learn about these topics. Fraction: The number in the form of
๐

๐

, where qโ 0, is called as a Fraction. The

Fraction represents the p parts of q equal parts. The lower part of a Fraction (here q) is called Denominator and the Upper part of the Fraction (here p) is called Numerator. The numerator and denominator of a fraction are called its term. The fractions can be classified in two parts on the basis of the relative value of the numerator and denominator. Proper fraction: The fractions in which the numerator is less than the denominator, is called a proper fraction. For Example: , , a proper fraction is less than 1. Improper fraction: The fractions in which the numerator is equal to or more than the denominator is called an improper fraction. For Example: , , value of an improper fraction is more than or equal to 1. The proper fractions greater than 1 can be converted in the form of a whole number and a proper fraction Example: = 1 , = 1 ,

2 2 7 3 1 9 2 35 7 13 9 13 3 9 17 2 7 15 29 20 2 7 15 3 9 17 20 29
๐๐

. The value of
๐๐

. The

=2

, ๐๐ก๐. These forms of

**fractions are termed as Mixed Number. In the above example 1 , 1 ๐๐๐ 2
**

2 7 1 2 9 13

are mixed numbers.

There are some more examples of fractions. These are: Decimal fraction: The fraction in which the denominator are the powers of 10. For example:

7 10 100 1000

,

11

,

121

, ๐๐ก๐.

9 11 100 17
. ๐๐
3 4 6 2 5 5 9 13
.4. For example: 1 +
1 1+
3 4โ 2 3
. For example: .
Compound Fraction: A fraction of a fraction is a compound fraction.
5
. ๐๐ก๐. ๐๐ก๐.
Complex fraction: These are the fractions in which the numerator or denominator or both are fractions.
Note: To simplify a continued fraction start to solve from the lowest part and work upward. For example:
3 11 11 11 11 11 11
.2+
3 2โ
4 3+ 3 2
. ๐๐ก๐. For example
5 7
11
. In this type of fractions we can easily identify
9 11 13 11 15 11 17 11
about the relative value of the fraction by only the value of numerator.Like fraction: The fractions in which the denominators are having same value.
9
.
5
3
4 5 3
4
.
13 15 17
. For example: ๐๐ . ๐๐ก๐.
.
.
. ๐๐ก๐.
Continued fraction: These fractions contain addition fraction in the numerator or denominator.
.
. In the above example
7 15 11 11 3 11
<
5 11
<
<
<
<
Unlike fraction: The fraction in which the value of denominators are different.

What smallest fraction should be added to 4 + 5 + 2 + 3 to make the
3 9 6 2 7 5
sum a whole number? 3. . . 9 11 17 4 6 2. . 5. Find the sum.000. 90. Simplify:
2 1+
1 3โ 2 3+ 4 5
4. A sum of money when increased by its 9th part amounts to Rs. Which of the following is the greatest fraction? 5 7 13 3 5 .Solved Examples 1. What is the value of seven-twenty forth of the land?
. One-third of two-fifth of a land is sold for 60.

so
5 6
is greater. from Now. so is greater. then ๐ฅ + ๐ฅ โ = 90 โ
= 90 โ ๐ฅ = 81.
๐๐๐ .50. Let the total value of the land be ๐ฅ.31.000 24
โ x = 4.
โด We conclude that is the greatest. we see that 13 x 4 >3 x 17. Out of the first two fractions.000 โ x = 15 โ
7๐ฅ 24
60.
47 33 1 9 10๐ฅ 9
4. 000. 2 7 5 2 โ 6 + 7 โ 2 + 5 โ 3 12 + 14 + 15 41 5 + + = = = =2 3 9 6 18 18 18 18 5 The fractional part here is . Only we have to add the fraction part that is. so
13 17 5 6
is greater.
3. we see that 5 x 11< 7 x 9 Now. = 1. 1.000 โ
2๐ฅ 15
1 3
2 5
= 60. to make the fractional part 1 we will have to add 1 โ
5 18
=
13 18
18
. Let the sum be๐ฅ. from Now. We will have to start from the lowest part the process follows as:
2 1+
2 3โ 19 5 1
=
2
1 1+ 10 3โ 19
=
2
1 1+ 47 19
=
2
19 1+47
=
2
66 47
=
94 66
=
47 33
Hence the answer is โด The sum is 81. from
7 11 13 17 13 17 7 11
So. 50.
13 17
.Solutions: 1. ๐๐๐
13 17 3 4 5 6
is greater.
๐๐๐ . 250
. 2. 13. we see that 13 x 6 < 5 x 17. then ๐๐ ๐๐ ๐ฅ = 60. Hence the answer is
13 18
.000
Now we have to find
=7โ
2 4.250
Hence the answer is Rs.
5. we see that 7 x 17 < 13 x 11.

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