Waste Management Requirements

Waste Management Requirements Purpose
This document defines the minimum required control measures to minimize the environmental impact and to protect workers from related occupational safety and health risks from wastes generated by our operations.

Scope
Applicable to all Coca-Cola system locations (manufacturing, distribution, offices, laboratories and all other locations) worldwide

Definitions
See Appendix I.

Requirements
1. Compliance
Implement management practices and controls in accordance with the stricter of Company requirements or applicable legal requirements 1 related to waste management. • Establish and maintain processes to identify, access and periodically verify compliance with current versions of these applicable legal requirements. These processes may be specific to waste management or part of a more comprehensive compliance process.

2. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment
Conduct and document an initial assessment of the workplace to identify work areas and processes that generate or handle waste that can potentially pollute soil, groundwater or stormwater, or present a hazard to workers or the public, and the controls used to manage these risks.
                                                            
1

“Applicable legal requirements” means any law, regulation, rule, requirement, standard, norm, decree or code applicable to the relevant facility and/or operation enacted, promulgated or issued by any governmental or regulatory agency or body at the National, Federal, State, Provincial, Municipal or other local level. It may also include relevant and applicable international or regional laws, regulations, rules and agreements, such as, but not limited to United Nations Guidelines and/or European Union (EU) Directives or Regulations, whether adopted into locally applicable law or directly applicable without the need for local adoption.
ES-RQ-220 Page 1 of 14 Classified - Internal use

EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010

and Must be reviewed at least annually to verify that it is current. processes or procedures result in changes to the waste stream or in a different risk profile. o Repeat testing if process or equipment changes could potentially alter the composition. including routine inspections and housekeeping of waste collection and storage areas. Wastes managed as non-hazardous.Waste Management Requirements The assessment: • • May be either a stand-alone document or included as part of a more comprehensive safety and environmental aspects and impacts assessment. hazards and characteristics cannot be reasonably confirmed through knowledge of the waste generation process. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . that are managed as non-hazardous waste must be tested at least annually. including the methods used and the results of any analytical testing. Waste Characterization Characterize all wastes to distinguish hazardous wastes and non-hazardous wastes. or modifications to. equipment. but for which the composition. hazards or characteristics of the waste. must be characterized through analytical testing as specified in Appendix II.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 2 of 14 . • 3. Must be updated whenever additions of. • Maintain records of all waste characterizations. • Unless prohibited by local legal regulations. Waste Management Procedures Implement documented procedures for the management of wastes. o The testing regime must be appropriate to the waste and may exclude characteristics known to be not applicable. including biosolids and inorganic sludges. o Wastes with potentially variable constituents or characteristics. wastes meeting any of the criteria listed in Appendix II are to be characterized as hazardous wastes and managed accordingly. • 4.

Assess the sites and contractors (including subcontractors. to the vendor that supplied the original material need only comply with Requirement (d) above. Provide the entity receiving hazardous waste with characterization and hazard information for the waste. Waste Storage and Handling Implement management controls to reduce potential environmental impacts. toner cartridges. c. Maintain current documentation to verify the contractors’ qualifications to manage the specific types of waste consigned to them.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 3 of 14 . nuisances or hazards to individuals exposed to the waste materials. Operations returning non-hazardous empty containers or wastes. b. e. such as corrugated cores. pallets. then only requirements (d) and (e) above will be applicable. safely and competently.. Retain a copy of all waste disposal agreements (contracts) and copies of waste disposal manifests (shipping papers). Include the following as a minimum: • Waste containers must be: o Compatible with the contents.and off-site. and maintain documentation confirming this receipt. and qualified waste transport and/or disposal contractors. g. Use written contracts. This exclusion does not apply to any recycling or recovery activity except between the facility and the original vendor 6. etc. in compliance with the Company’s Contractor and Visitor Management Requirements. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . both on. f. If operations are required by local statute to use specific waste disposal sites or contractors. 7. Conduct on-site audits of waste disposal sites before use and at least every 5 years thereafter to verify and document site acceptability. and o Labeled with the contents and any appropriate warnings to identify all hazards associated with the contents.Waste Management Requirements 5. Performance Measures Establish and maintain a program to track waste generation. if applicable) before consigning wastes to them to confirm that they can manage those specific wastes legally. d. disposal and recycling in accordance with the EOSH Performance Measurement Requirements. when available. including copies of any characterization testing performed. a. Waste Vendors Use only government-approved waste disposal sites.

o Where on-site incineration is required. Do not bury or otherwise dispose of waste on-site. if chosen as a legally acceptable disposal method. Do not incinerate waste on site unless expressly allowed by law. o Used oil may be burned as boiler fuel if permitted under local regulation. o Management practices and analytical testing must be in place to ensure that the biosolids are non-hazardous and within the specifications below for heavy metals. foul odors or litter. 7. in compliance with the Company’s Wastewater Quality and Managing Hazardous Materials Requirements.2 Land Application Conduct on-site or off-site land application of non-sanitary biosolids and/or inorganic solids. removed or obliterated prior to disposal. in a manner that protects the environment.1 Hazardous Waste For hazardous wastes.Waste Management Requirements • Implement controls to prevent solid or liquid waste from entering stormwater. the following additional controls apply: o Segregate hazardous wastes from non-hazardous wastes. provide legally compliant incinerators and establish operational practices to minimize the environmental impact of this disposal operation. except for land application of non-hazardous biosolids and inorganic sludges meeting the requirements below. Prohibit hazardous materials (such as oils. Annual characterization testing for the parameters defined in Appendix II.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 4 of 14 . must document that the sludge is non-hazardous according to Company and legal requirement. Implement controls to keep waste storage areas tidy and free of insects. Rinse and drain Ingredient and Concentrate packaging with all labels. including Company references and hazard labels. Manage waste trademarked materials according to the Company’s requirements for Non-Conforming Materials. including secondary containment for liquid waste storage areas. • • • • EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . o Provide appropriate emergency response equipment near waste storage areas. vermin. 7. paints and certain laboratory wastes) or other potentially harmful constituents from entering wastewater treatment operations and contaminating any biosolids or inorganic solid wastes. with the exception of asbestos and radioactivity.

develop and implement an action plan to mitigate the environmental impact. Monitor groundwater quarterly within the application area. Prior to land application of such wastes on. If land application is already being undertaken.or off-site. Biosolids may not be applied on. hereinafter referred to as the “EU Sewage Sludge Directive. If groundwater is extracted on or in the nearby vicinity of the plant. or Grown in direct contact with the soil.Waste Management Requirements Test for constituent metals according to the European Directive 86/278/EEC. and repeat such testing on an annual basis.” including: • • • • • • Cadmium Copper Nickel Lead Zinc Mercury 40 mg/kg of dry material 1750 mg/kg of dry material 400 mg/kg of dry material 1200 mg/kg of dry material 4000 mg/kg of dry material 25 mg/kg of dry material Ensure that samples for characterization and metals testing are homogeneous and representative of the waste-stream during the period.and down-gradient of the application area. as well as the groundwater up. complete it at the first opportunity. and no baseline analysis exists. analyze a soil sample from the on-site or off-site land application location for the same parameters as the sludge to establish a baseline of existing conditions. the quality of the groundwater at the point of extraction or leaving the property must not be degraded compared to up-gradient (unaffected) groundwater. If such soil or groundwater analyses indicate that concentrations of certain parameters are increasing. Ensure that the soils’ liquid loading capacity is not exceeded to the point of destroying soil or vegetation. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . o Management practices and analytical testing must be in place to ensure that land application of biosolids does not negatively impact the environment.or off-site on land used for growing fruits or vegetables that are: • • Eaten raw (with the exception of those from fruit trees).Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 5 of 14 . or leaves the property.

o Remove all data. to prevent contracting diseases associated with sewage.Waste Management Requirements Ensure there is no liquid biosolids runoff or discharges to any nearby water bodies (river. contractors and other waste handlers. and o Workers exposed to these biosolids shall: Be offered vaccinations.) or neighboring properties. instead. lake. and Observe good hygienic practices. Wear protective equipment.4 Electronic Waste Management Include electronic wastes in the site’s waste management practices and controls.5 Filter Aid Waste Management Manage wastes containing diatomaceous earth filter aids to minimize the exposure to workers. 7.3 Sanitary Biosolids Management Operations generating sanitary biosolids must implement controls to avoid potential health risks. to prevent contact with the wastes. when legally acceptable. to minimize exposure risks. o Do not surface-apply wastes containing filter aid. o Management practices must address the likelihood that electronic waste may contain heavy metals. including masks. including washing thoroughly and changing contaminated clothing after handling these wastes. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . On-site land application is not permitted. o Prevent the inadvertent wind transport of dusts generated by the filter aid or wastes containing filter aid by using controls such as covered storage or windscreens. and the public to dusts. boots and waterproof gear. 7. goggles. gloves. tags or other Company references from the equipment prior to disposal or recycling. logos.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 6 of 14 . stream. such as mechanical de-watering. 7. Storage of biosolids must be at least 50 meters (165 feet) away from wells or other water systems and application to farmland must be at least 200 meters (660 feet) away from residential areas. o Use de-watering processes that restrict the potential for the formation of dry dusts. Verify that biosolids applied as liquids do not pool or pond on the soil and. infiltrate to the ground. etc. including: o Dispose of biosolids only through an approved sanitary waste disposal contractor. labels.

o Place potentially infectious wastes in plastic bags or containers designed to prevent leakage of fluids during handling. blades or other sharps are used or generated must have a specialized receptacle for collecting these wastes. lances. Training Ensure that employees and other affected personnel are adequately trained to handle waste materials generated or managed in their workspace. as a minimum: • Initial training. covering: o Applicable legal and Company requirements. o Clearly and prominently label biohazard waste with the biohazard symbol and the word "BIOHAZARD." o Autoclaving the wastes or using commercially-available disinfection materials to kill infectious agents so as to allow disposal with regular trash is an acceptable disposal method if legally compliant. soil. o Information about the physical and health hazards of hazardous wastes in the work area. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . biosolids) to reduce the formation and transport of respirable dusts. Training must be specific to the expected responsibilities and include. 8. o Operations disposing of filter aid wastes off-site must verify at least annually that contractors and transporters are following the requirements listed above o Associates handling dry wastes containing filter aid must wear respiratory protection in accordance with the Respiratory Protection Requirements unless personnel exposures to Total Crystalline Silica are documented through industrial hygiene monitoring to be less than an 8-hour timeweighted average of 30 mg/m3. storage and transport. 7.7 Waste Refrigerant Gases Recycle or dispose of refrigerant gases in compliance with the Company’s Ozone Protection Requirements. o The details of the facility’s waste management procedures. o Locations where needles.Waste Management Requirements o Wastes containing filter aid can be land applied if buried or amalgamated into other materials (compost.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 7 of 14 . 7.6 Biohazard Waste Manage all biohazard wastes resulting from first aid procedures or other sources to minimize personnel exposure. Respiratory controls are not required when handling slurries or wet filter cake.

epa. and o When there is a change in wastes or waste-generating processes that presents new hazards or controls.pdf Control and Destruction of Non-Conforming Trademarked Materials Contractor and Visitor Management Requirements EOSH Performance Measures Requirements Managing Hazardous Materials Requirements Ozone Protection Requirements Personal Protective Equipment Requirements Respiratory Protection Requirements Wastewater Quality Requirements EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . and o Emergency and spill-response procedures for hazardous wastes.gov/owm/mtb/biosolids/503pe/index.epa.Waste Management Requirements o The proper use and maintenance of any required personal protective equipment. or when there is evidence of deficiencies in employees’ knowledge of waste management practices. when sewage sludge is used in agriculture (86/278/EEC)” http://europa.epa. in compliance with the Contractor and Visitor Management Requirements.Internal use BP-RQ-030 ES-RQ-110 ES-RQ-130 ES-RQ-190 ES-RQ-200 ES-RQ-205 ES-RQ-210 ES-RQ-225 ES-RQ-220 Page 8 of 14 .gov/waterscience/biosolids/nas/complete. and in particular of the soil.gov/waterscience/biosolids/nas/complete.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!pr od!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31986L0278 US EPA "Plain English Guide to the EPA part 503 Biosolids Rule" http://www. • Ensuring that contractors and visitors understand and follow site requirements regarding waste management. References Waste Management Guidelines ES-RF-220 European Union “Council Directive on the protection of the environment.pdf "Plain English Guide to the EPA part 503 Biosolids Rule" http://www.htm "Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices" http://www.gov/owm/mtb/biosolids/503pe/index.htm "Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices" http://www. • Refresher training: o Annually for those responsible for management and handling of hazardous wastes.epa.

Changed limits for pathogens from “non-detect” to fixed limits Added definition for landfill and land application. inserted standard compliance specification.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 9 of 14 . modified definition of local regulation Added test references Added requirement for disposal/transportation contracts. Added groundwater monitoring requirement for land application. minor word changes Reformatted to follow TCCQS KQ format 12-Nov-2007 3-July-2007 26-Aug-2006 6-April-2006 19-Dec-2005 1-Sep-2005 25-July-2005 29-Feb-2005 EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . Added exception section for waste vendor management requirements to address use of government mandated vendors.  Modified language in Vendor section to remove reference to “Company” Modified compliance. risk assessment and training requirements to align with other requirements.Waste Management Requirements Revision History Revision Date Summary of Change 3-July-2007 Revised document released as part of the TCCMS Redesign Governance Reset. This document contains content from the previous version with reformatting and significant rewording. Added requirements for electronic wastes and filter aid wastes.

radios. Biosolids: Biomass is produced in the normal operation of wastewater treatment systems. Inorganic sludges: Semi-solid wastes. Typically these wastes contain harmful constituents.Waste Management Requirements Appendix I Definitions Biohazard waste: Potentially infectious wastes contaminated with liquid blood or other body fluids. This wasted biomass is commonly referred to as “sludge” or biosolids. ‘Sanitary biosolids’ is defined below. which are operated by a local government or private industry. such as toxic metals. lab equipment. or physical properties. hazards and characteristics of the waste are known with certainty. among others. but not limited to: computers and peripherals. televisions. through a non-quantitative risk assessment. non-hazardous waste. cables and other connecting equipment and the batteries that power them. telecommunications equipment. excess biomass requires frequent removal to maintain a proper microbiological balance. EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . printers. monitors. process monitoring and control equipment.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 10 of 14 . All such waste must be managed as though it were infectious. Hazardous waste: Any waste that is classified or characterized by pertinent government regulations or the Company criteria listed below as “hazardous” or is regulated because of the substantial danger it imposes on the public health and welfare and on the environment if improperly managed and released to the environment. typically generated by our manufacturing operations. Landfill: A waste disposal practice in which a publicly (governmental) or privately owned area of land or excavation is legally permitted and intended to receive various types of solid. storage tanks and spent media (activated carbon. CPR shields. Examples of landfills include a municipal garbage dump or an industrial landfill. commercial solid waste and construction or demolition debris for permanent disposal without regard to whether the wastes so disposed of will have any beneficial effect on the land. bandages and compresses. such as corrosivity or flammability. such as water treatment sludge (flocs of iron or aluminum-based coagulants and hydrated lime). materials from the cleaning of drain pipes and sumps. including. if the composition. May be done through analytical testing or. Electronic waste (“e-waste”): Obsolete and/or damaged equipment containing electronic components. For such systems to operate properly. or cleanup materials generated during first aid and CPR procedures. such as household waste. such as waste gloves. Characterization: A determination as to whether a waste is hazardous or nonhazardous. sand and diatomaceous earth from water treatment and sugar purification).

but are not limited to. sewage from toilets. liquid or other material that is no longer needed for site use. Biosolids generated in these operations require special handling due to potential exposures to pathogenic organisms. food waste. tilled or incorporated onto the land or injected below the land surface. yard wastes. food preparation areas). Sanitary Biosolids: Biosolids originating from septic tank clean-outs or effluent treatment sludge contaminated with sanitary sewage (for example. regardless of whether the material is ultimately destined for disposal or recycling. cardboard. bottles. a privately owned area of land is used to receive non-hazardous materials. applied. forests or similar sites for agricultural/silviculture purposes. Such waste sludges are typically spread. however the solid or semi-solid biosolids typically generated by treatment of these wastes are included. These include. storm water. sanitary. pallets). EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified . Only waste materials that can be readily incorporated into the soil and have a beneficial impact on the soil are suitable for land application. office trash and many others. Liquid wastewaters (process. Waste: Any solid. fields. scrap metal. more often. drums and straps. sinks. plastic films. such as cholera and hepatitis. ingredient and product packaging wastes (glass cullet. Non-hazardous waste: Organic and inorganic wastes that do not exhibit hazardous characteristics. that have physical and/or biological qualities that enrich the receiving soils. typically sludges. non-contact cooling water) and liquid wastes disposed through those wastewater systems are managed through the Wastewater Quality Requirements and not included as ‘waste’ for the purpose of this document. on farmlands.Waste Management Requirements Definitions(continued) Land Application: A waste disposal practice in which a publicly (governmental) or. cans.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 11 of 14 .

it generates toxic gases. enteric viruses or viable helminth ova For dry material: Fecal coliform > 1. Enteric virus density >1 Plaque Forming ES-RQ-220 Page 12 of 14 Classified .Internal use Reactive: Pathogenic: EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 . fecal coliform bacteria. Salmonella bacteria. which. Reacts violently with water. bacteria density > 3 MPN per 4 grams total solids (dry weight). Contaminated with body fluids. of causing fire through friction. when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12. vapors or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.Waste Management Requirements Appendix II Hazardous Characteristics and Maximum Concentration of Contaminants Characteristic Corrosive: Ignitable or flammable: The waste is hazardous if it’s: ≤ 2 pH or ≥ 12 pH Liquids with a flash point < 60° C (140° F). Salmonella sp. or Capable of detonation or explosive reaction at standard temperature and pressure or if it is subjected to a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement. Solids that are capable. When mixed with water. Contains cyanide or sulfide. vapors or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment. can generate toxic gases. under standard temperature and pressure. Ignitable compressed gases. absorption of moisture or spontaneous chemical changes. Oxidizers Normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change.000 Most Probable Number (MPN) per gram of total solids (dry weight).

0 1. Contaminant Arsenic Barium Benzene Bismuth Cadmium Carbon tetrachloride Chlordane Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chromium.0 4200.7 30 0.4-D 1.0 5. test Method 1311 in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste.0 5.p) 2.4-Dinitrotoluene Endrin Heptachlor Hexachlorobenzene Hexachlorobutadiene Hexachloroethane Lead Lindane Mercury Methoxychlor Methyl ethyl ketone EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified .0 0.0 0.m. Cobalt Cresol (o.02 0.0 7.0 0.5 0.4-Dichlorobenzene 1. Physical/Chemical Methods.5 5." EPA Publication SW-846. Radioactive: Emits ionizing radiation in absence of a power source Any friable form Asbestos: Toxic: A waste or extract from a representative sample of the waste containing any of the contaminants listed below at the concentration equal to or greater than the respective value given in that table when tested using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure.0 6.0 5.2-Dichloroethane 1.5 0.Waste Management Requirements Unit (PFU) per 4 grams of total dry weight solids.008 30 0.1-Dichloroethylene 2.0 100.Internal use CAS No.0 ES-RQ-220 Page 13 of 14 .2 10.0 200. Viable helminth ova density >1 per 4 grams of total dry weight solids.0 10. 7440-38-2 7440-39-3 71-43-2 7440-69-9 7440-43-9 56-23-5 57-74-9 108-90-7 67-66-3 7440-47-3 7440-48-4 95-48-7 94-75-7 106-46-7 107-06-2 75-35-4 121-14-2 72-20-8 76-44-8 118-74-1 87-68-3 67-72-1 7439-92-1 58-89-9 7439-97-6 72-43-5 78-93-3 Level (mg/L) 5.5 0.4 0.03 100.5 3.

7 0.Internal use ES-RQ-220 Page 14 of 14 .4.0 2.2 150.0 35.0 1.0 50.5-TP (Silvex) Vinyl chloride Zinc 98-95-3 87-86-5 108-95-2 1336-36-3 110-86-1 7782-49-2 7440-22-4 127-18-4 8001-35-2 79-01-6 95-95-4 88-06-2 93-72-1 75-01-4 7440-66-6 2.0 EOSH: Requirements Revision: 01-Jan-2010 Classified .5 400.6-Trichlorophenol 2.0 5.4.0 5.0 100.0 0.Waste Management Requirements Nitrobenzene Pentachlorophenol Phenol Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) Pyridine Selenium Silver Tetrachloroethylene Toxaphene Trichloroethylene Trichlorophenol 2.0 0.5 0.0 1.

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