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A CHRONOLOGY OF BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY
by Dr. R.C. Wetzel
B o o k s Fo r Th e A g e s
AGES Software • Albany, OR USA Version 1.0 © 1997
A CHRONOLOGY OF BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY
Dr. R. C. Wetzel
AUTHOR’S APOLOGY The following chronology is an accumulation of research done off and on for the past thirty years. It began with the simple idea of trying to put a date on the major events set forth in the Bible so that a person can get a general birds-eye view of those events in their relation one to another. Then another idea was incorporated of showing “secular” events that happened at the same time as the “Biblical” events, so the reader can associate these events. Sometimes events in the “Biblical” world had an impact on the “secular” world, and vice-versa.
By the time I finished Revelation, I was already entering the “AD” period and figured, “Why stop now?” So I continued to follow Christianity in its growth and development, in the same format. This is not intended by any means to be an exhaustive account: who can compile a 6,000 year history of humanity into 200+ pages? Nor will I guarantee the accuracy of the dates used. Even the best authorities disagree on some of the dates of those ancient happenings. But, whether this is used for study or research, or read through as a novel, it will give a discerning person an idea of what it is all about. One can see God’s plan, and God’s hand, as He works out His divine purpose for mankind. I have simply called it “A Chronology of Biblical Christianity” for lack of a better name. It comes to you with a prayer that God will use it to His glory in your life.
R. C. WETZEL 1995
A CHRONOLOGY OF BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY
4004 3975 3845 3760 3740 3650 3600 3580 3515 3500 3378 3353 3300 3288 3101 3100 3045 2988 2933 2919 2890
Archbishop JAMES USSHER’S 1654 date of the Creation of Man. FRANK KLASSEN’S 1975 date of the Creation of Man. SETH was born to ADAM. Traditional Jewish date of the Creation of Man. ENOS was born to SETH. CAINAN was born to ENOS. Sumerian city-states were in existence. MAHALALEEL was born to CAINAN. JARED was born to MAHALALEEL. Cuneiform writing system was developed by the Sumerians. The SED Festivals had their origin in Egypt. ENOCH was born to JARED. MENES united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. METHUSELAH was born to ENOCH. LAMECH was born to METHUSELAH. BARAT founded the first Phoenician dynasty. The first Egyptian dynasty was founded. ADAM died at age 930. ENOCH was translated at age 365. SETH died at age 912. NOAH was born to LAMECH. The second Egyptian dynasty was founded by HETEP.
NOAH vacated the ark after 1 year and 10 days. Babylon was ruled by SUMU-ABI. SHEM was born to NOAH. moved into the Near Eastern area. LAMECH died at age 777. JARED died at age 962. HAM was born to NOAH. originating in Armenia. JAPHETH was born to NOAH. The sixth Egyptian dynasty was founded by TETI. . GOD determined to destroy man in his 1. METHUSELAH died at age 969. The fourth Egyptian dynasty was founded by SNEFERU.656th year of man. China was ruled by Emperor YAOU.5 2835 2740 2686 2685 2613 2589 2570 2553 2500 2494 2439 2425 2419 2417 2416 2400 2344 2341 2324 2319 2318 2317 2286 ENOS died at age 905. The cult of OSIRIS spread over Egypt. The third Egyptian dynasty was founded by NEBKA. The fifth Egyptian dynasty was founded by USERKAF. The Flood came in the 1. settling in the Euphrates Valley. The Hurrians. ARPHAXAD was born to SHEM. MAHALALEEL died at age 895. the Babylonian and Egyptian records.536th year. as well as the Chinese date in their “Epoch of Fu-Hi”. The Hebrew date of the Deluge. The Great Pyramid of CHEOPS was built at Gizeh in Egypt. CHEOPS (KHUFU) ruled Egypt for 23 years. CAINAN died at age 910.
REU was born to PELEG. The eleventh Egyptian dynasty was founded by MENTUHOTEP. NAHOR died at age 148. The tenth Egyptian dynasty was founded. The eighth Egyptian dynasty was founded by WADJKARE PEPYSONBE. SALAH was born to ARPHAXAD. The Confusion of Tongues at the Tower of Babel. . TERAH was born to NAHOR. NAHOR was born to SERUG. Mari became independent from Ur The twelfth Egyptian dynasty was founded by AMMENEMES I. PELEG died at age 239.6 2285 2282 2267 2264 2252 2250 2218 2208 2188 2181 2180 2173 2160 2156 2133 2130 2126 2097 2060 2020 1991 1979 1978 Babylon was invaded by KUDUR-NANKHUNDI of Elam. The third dynasty of Ur was founded. The Akkadian Empire was founded by SARGON of Agade. Babylon was ruled for 55 years by HAMMURABI I. SERUG was born to REU. The city of Tyre was built. The seventh Egyptian dynasty was founded by NEFERKARE the Younger. The Semitic empire of Akkad was overcome by the Guti invasion. PELEG was born to EBER. The ninth Egyptian dynasty was founded. EBER was born to SALAH.
7 1969 1967 1957 1949 1927 1926 1900 1892 1891 1889 1884 1883 1881 1879 1868 1867 1850 1849 1830 1829 1827 1820 NOAH died at age 950. SARAH was born to TERAH. 595-588 B. ARPHAXAD died at age 438.C. GOD made a covenant with ABRAM. ABRAHAM married KETURAH. ABRAM left Haran and entered Canaan. LOT was captured but was rescued by ABRAM. probably by JOB. ISAAC was born to ABRAHAM and SARAH. . Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed and the Dead Sea was formed. Ashkelon rebelled against Egypt. SALAH died at age 433. ABRAM’S name was changed to ABRAHAM. Jewish tradition attributes it to MOSES. ABRAM and LOT separated one from the other. ABRAHAM showed his willingness to sacrifice ISAAC. REU died at age 239 TERAH moved from Ur to Haran. Some believe it was written much later. ISHMAEL was born to ABRAM and HAGAR. the oldest book of the Bible. ABRAM was born to TERAH. SERUG died at age 230. TERAH died at age 205. was written. ISAAC married REBEKAH. SARAH died at age 127. SHAMSHI-ADAD of Assyria built the Temple of ANU at Asshur. “JOB”. ABRAM dwelt in Egypt.
GAD was born to JACOB by ZILPAH. The thirteenth and fourteenth dynasties were founded in Egypt. HAMMURABI II ruled Babylon. SIMEON was born to JACOB by LEAH. DINAH was born to JACOB by LEAH. JACOB went to Padanaram. ISSACHAR was born to JACOB by LEAH. ESAU and JACOB were born to ISAAC and REBEKAH. HAMMURABI II conquered Mari. ABRAHAM died at age 175. ESAU sold his birthright to JACOB. JUDAH was born to JACOB by LEAH. The Hyksos entered Egypt from Asia. Babylon was overrun by Kasshu barbarians from Elam/Media for 576 years.8 1817 1807 1792 1788 1786 1775 1765 1750 1744 1740 1730 1723 1722 1721 1720 1719 1718 1717 1716 SHEM died at age 600. DAN was born to JACOB by BILHAH. REUBEN was born to JACOB by LEAH. ASHER was born to JACOB by ZILPAH. EBER died at age 464. JACOB married LEAH and RACHEL. ISHMAEL died at age 137. The Old Kingdom of the Hittite kings began. NAPHTALI was born to JACOB by BILHAH. ISAAC went to Gerar. ZEBULUN was born to JACOB by LEAH. JOSEPH was born to JACOB by RACHEL. . LEVI was born to JACOB by LEAH.
JOSEPH interpreted the baker’s and the butler’s dreams while in prison. Assyria was ruled by SARMA-ADAD I. MANASSEH was born to JOSEPH by ASENATH. HEZRON was born to PHAREZ. JOSEPH was sold into Egyptian slavery by his brothers.9 1710 1700 1699 1696 1690 1688 1687 1686 1685 1684 1683 1679 1677 1674 1673 1672 1661 1660 1651 1650 1649 1621 BENJAMIN was born to JACOB by RACHEL. KOHATH was born to LEVI. Assyria was ruled by LULLAIA. The seven-year famine ended in Egypt. JOSEPH became ruler in Egypt. JACOB’S name was changed to ISRAEL. The seven years of plenty ended in Egypt and famine began. Assyria was ruled by BAZAIA. The fifteenth dynasty was founded in Egypt. The sixteenth dynasty was founded in Egypt by ANATHER. PHAREZ and ZARAH were born to JUDAH by TAMAR. RACHEL died at Bethlehem. at age 130. Assyria was ruled by LIBAIA. ISAAC died at age 180. Assyria was ruled by IPTAR-SIN. The seventeenth dynasty was founded in Egypt. EPHRAIM was born to JOSEPH by ASENATH. HAMMURABI III ruled Babylon. SHECHEM defiled DINAH. JACOB died at age 147 in Egypt. JACOB returned to Hebron. JACOB. . and his 70 descendants went to Egypt. BELU-BANI founded the Early Assyrian Kingdom.
Egypt was ruled by AMENOPHIS. AMMINADAB was born to RAM. The Kassite dynasty controlled Babylon for 400 years. . KOHATH died at age 133. RAM was born to HEZRON.10 1620 1615 1606 1604 1601 1598 1585 1584 1580 1579 1570 1567 1564 1563 1557 1556 1547 1546 1545 1542 1530 1525 1521 1520 AMRAM was born to KOHATH. A new empire was founded in Egypt by AAHMES. Assyria was ruled by SARMA-ADAD II. MOSES was born to AMRAM and JOCHEBED. Assyria was ruled by PUZUR-ASSUR III. JOSEPH died at age 110 in Egypt. Egypt was ruled by THUTMOSE I. The Hyksos were expelled from Egypt. LEVI died at age 137. Assyria was ruled by ERISUM III. The eighteenth dynasty was established in Egypt by AMOSIS. AARON was born to AMRAM and JOCHEBED. Assyria was ruled by SAMSI-ADAD II. Athens was founded by CECROPS. Assyria was ruled by KIDIN-NINUA. Egypt was ruled by RAMESES II. The cities of Troy and Corinth were founded. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-NIRARI I. Assyria was ruled by ISME-DAGAN II. Assyria was ruled by SAMSI-ADAD III.
Israel was turned into the Wilderness to wander for 38 years. HATSHEPSUT ruled Egypt as co-regent with THUTMOSE III. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-RABI I. Egypt was ruled by AMENOPHIS II. Tyre was founded by colonists from Sidon. Assyria was ruled by ENLIL-NASIR I. 1497 1484 1483 1482 1473 1472 1468 1462 1461 1460 1452 1450 1440 . Egypt was ruled by THUTMOSE II. THUTMOSE III of Egypt conquered Megiddo. TUDHALIYAS II ruled the Hittite Empire. MOSES was driven from Egypt. Assyria was ruled by NUL-ILI. The year of Israel’s EXODUS from Egypt. The Ten Commandments were given from Mt. Israel battled the Amalekites. Assyria became an independent kingdom. Israel departed Sinai and arrived at Kadesh-Barnea. The Mycenean Golden Age of 100 years began. Sinai. The Ras Shamru tablets were written by the Phoenicians. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-SADUNI.11 1519 1516 1512 1504 1502 1500 NAASHON was born to AMMINADAB. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-NADIM-AHHE I. The city of Sparta was founded. CALEB was born to JEPHUNNEH of Judah. Assyria made a treaty with Babylon. AMRAM died at age 137. ARNUWANDAS I ruled the Hittite Empire. GERSHOM and ELIEZER were born to MOSES and ZIPPORAH. The Tabernacle was first reared up in the Wilderness. JOSHUA was born to NUN of Ephraim.
12 1432 1426 1425 1423 Assyria was ruled by ENLIL-NASIR II. MOSES died on Mt. The “Pentateuch”. those of “Deuteronomy” 1423 B.C. Egypt was ruled by AMENOPHIS IV..C. Akhetaton was built in Egypt by AMENOPHIS IV and NEFERTITI and was made the capital.C. Egypt was ruled by THUTMOSE IV. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-RIM-NISESU.C. those of “Exodus” 1462-1460 B. those of “Numbers” 1461 B. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-BEL-NISESU.C. TUDHALIYAS III ruled the Hittite Empire. The events of “Genesis” are from 3975-1462 B. JOSEPH’S bones were buried at Shechem. The Hittites reached the height of their power. JOSHUA led Israel across Jordan into Canaan. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-NIRARI II. Egypt was ruled by AMENOPHIS III. HATUSILIS II ruled the Hittite Empire. JOSHUA divided the land of Canaan at Shiloh among the tribes of Israel.. Assyria was ruled by ERIBA-ADAD I.. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-NADIN-AHHE II. called “The Books of Moses” and “The Law” was written by MOSES prior to his death in 1423 B. SUPPILULIUMAS I ruled the Hittite Empire. The Golden Age of Ugarit began for 100 years. those of “Leviticus” 1462 B.C.. Pisgah at age 120. Jericho was destroyed. 1422 1420 1419 1417 1415 1410 1402 1400 1397 1392 1390 1380 1379 1375 . Egypt was ruled by AMENHOTEP III. MIRIAM and AARON died.
The Hittites defeated the Mitanni.C. Ephraim.13 1372 JOSHUA died at age 110 and was buried at Timnath-serah in Mt. Egypt was ruled by SEMENKHKARE who returned the capital to Thebes. son of KENAZ and brother of CALEB. RAMESES II defeated the Hittites at Kadesh in Syria. OTHNIEL. Egypt was ruled by SETI I. Egypt was ruled by TUT-ANKH-AMON. Calah (Nimrud) was founded by SHALMANESER I as capital of Assyria. The kingdoms of Moab. Assyria was ruled by ADAD-NIRARI I. Ammon and Edom were established. Egypt was ruled by AY. delivered Israel from the Moabites and judged Israel 80 years. EHUD. The Mitannian kingdom ended. Egypt was ruled by HAREMHAB. Assyria was ruled by ENLIN-NIRASRI. RAMESES II ruled Egypt for 66 years. ARNUWANDAS II ruled the Hittites. judged Israel 40 years. Assyria was ruled by ARIK-DEN-ILI. The nineteenth Egyptian dynasty was founded by RAMESES I. 1370 1365 1364 1361 1352 1348 1346 1345 1332 1330 1329 1328 1320 1319 1318 1315 1307 1304 1299 . MUWATALLIS ruled the Hittites. Assyria was ruled by ASSUR-UBALLIT I. son of GERA of Benjamin. The Book of “Joshua” was probably written by JOSHUA and covers 1422-1372 B. MURSILIS ruled the Hittites.
an Abiezrite of Ophrah. SUPPILULIUMAS II ruled the Hittites. GIDEON. The Greeks colonized Asia Minor. Egypt was ruled by SETI II. delivered Israel from the Canaanite King JABIN II. HATTUSILIS III ruled the Hittites. DEBORAH. and BARAK. son of JOASH. wife of LAPPIDOTH. SHALMANESER I ruled Assyria.14 1296 1289 1280 1274 1265 1251 1252 1244 1236 1235 1222 1216 1215 1212 1208 1207 1203 1200 1198 1197 URHI-TESUB (MURSILIS III) ruled the Hittites. ASSUR-NADIN-APLI ruled Assyria. RAMESES III ruled Egypt. Egypt was ruled by MERNEPTAH. Babylon was captured by the Assyrians. ENLIL-KUDURRI-USUR ruled Assyria. His name was changed to JERUBBAAL. ASSUR-NIRARI III ruled Assyria. ARNUWANDAS III ruled the Hittites. Assyria was ruled by TUKULTI-NINURTA I. . Egypt was ruled by AMENMESSES. The events in the Book of “Ruth” began to take place. The twentieth dynasty in Egypt was founded by SETHNAKHTE. SIPTAH-TEWOSRET ruled Egypt. delivered Israel from the Midianites and judged Israel 40 years. The Cassite dynasty of Babylon ended. The Hittite kingdom was destroyed. and judged Israel 40 years. son of ABINOAM of Kedesh. TUDHALIYAS IV ruled the Hittites.
IBZAN of Bethlehem of Zebulun judged Israel 7 years. JEPHTHAH. RAMESES VII ruled Egypt. son of PUAH of Issachar. the son of BOAZ and RUTH. JEPHTHAH made his vow to God and offered his daughter as a sacrifice. NEBUCHADREZZAR of Babylon defeated the Elamites and in turn was defeated by the Assyrians. ELI. RAMESES IV ruled Egypt. a descendant of AARON through ITHAMAR. JAIR. Egypt defeated the Philistines. The Trojan War began. The Chow dynasty ruled China. delivered Israel from the Ammonites and judged Israel for 6 years. ASSUR-RES-ISI I ruled Assyria.15 1192 1190 1184 1183 1179 1172 1166 1160 1156 1155 1149 1148 1147 1140 1135 1134 1133 1127 1123 1121 1120 1115 NINURTA-APLI-EKUR ruled Assyria. RAMESES V ruled Egypt. judged Israel 23 years. TOLA. RAMESES VI ruled Egypt. judged Israel 22 years. The fall of Troy. The Philistines captured the Ark of the Covenant and took it to Ashdod. the Gileadite. JESSE was born to OBED. the son of GILEAD. TIGLATH-PILESER I ruled Assyria. RAMESES IX ruled Egypt. ASSUR-DAN I ruled Assyria. was born. RAMESES X ruled Egypt. RAMESES VIII ruled Egypt. .
DAVID was born to JESSE at Bethlehem. SAMSI-ADAD IV ruled Assyria. Britain was ruled by LOCRINUS. Britain was ruled by GWENDOLEN. The Battle of Taanach. ASSUR-BEL-KALA ruled Assyria. The name “Britain” was given to the Western Isles by BRUTUS of Troy when his Barat Phoenicians invaded England. ASSURNASIRPAL I ruled Assyria. RAMESES XI ruled Egypt. The Philistines defeated Israel at Aphek and Shiloh was destroyed. The twenty-first dynasty in Egypt was founded by SMENDES. son of Manoah.16 1113 1110 1103 ELON the Zebulonite judged Israel 10 years. SAMUEL was born to ELKANAH and HANNAH. was born. ERIBA-ADAD II ruled Assyria. delivered Israel from the Philistines and judged Israel 20 years. SAMUEL became judge of Israel. ASARID-APIL-EKUR ruled Assyria. SAMSON. 1100 1095 1085 1080 1079 1076 1074 1073 1069 1065 1063 1061 1056 1055 1054 1050 . son of KISH of Benjamin. High Priest HERHOR of Amon seized power at Thebes in Egypt. SAUL was anointed the first king of Israel by SAMUEL. GOD rejected SAUL as king of Israel. PSUSENNES I ruled Egypt. SAUL. ABDON judged Israel 8 years. SAMSON died in the destruction of the Temple of Dagon at Gaza. The Aramean migration in Mesopotamia.
SHALMANESER II ruled Assyria. ASSSUR-NARARI IV ruled Assyria. SAUL died at age 70. AMENOPHTHIS ruled Egypt. DAVID was anointed king over all Israel at Jerusalem. MEMPRICIUS ruled Britain.. NEPHEREHERES ruled Egypt. The Book of “Judges” was written by SAMUEL and covers 1372-1076 B. SOLOMON was born to DAVID and BATHSHEBA. ASSUR-RABI II ruled Assyria. He also wrote the book of “Ruth”. 1025 1019 1018 1016 1015 1014 1013 1011 1010 1003 1002 998 996 . The Ark of the Covenant was returned to Israel and remained in the house of ABINADAB for 20 years. OSOCHOR ruled Egypt. Jerusalem became the capital of Israel.17 1036 1031 1030 1029 1025 1027 ELI died at age 98. the giant Philistine.C. The Ark of the Covenant was returned to Jerusalem to the house of OBEDEDOM. II Samuel. SAMUEL died at age 76. and judging over Israel officially ended. DAVID killed GOLIATH. DAVID was anointed king of Israel by SAMUEL. from 1025-990 B. The Philistines invaded Central Palestine. “First and Second Samuel” was written by SAMUEL originally as one book. ABSALOM slew his brother AMNON.C. DAVID became king of Israel in Hebron at age 30.C. PSINACHES ruled Egypt. SAUL was again rejected by God as king. I Samuel covers events from 1103-1025 B.
ABSALOM was slain by JOAB. A plague was sent on Israel because DAVID numbered them. LEIR ruled Britain and built Carlisle. EBRAUC ruled Britain and founded York. ruled Israel 22 years.18 995 993 992 990 988 987 985 982 975 972 967 964 959 945 ABSALOM returned to Jerusalem. an Ammonitess. JEROBOAM. “Ecclesiastes” and “Song of Solomon”. The three-year famine in Israel ended. ABSALOM led a rebellion against his father DAVID. ABIJAM’S mother. REHOBOAM died. ASSUR-DAN II ruled Assyria. DAVID died at age 70. TIGLATH-PILESER II ruled Assyria. SOLOMON died at age 58 and Israel was divided. succeeded by his son ABIJAM (ABIJAH). Construction of the Temple at Jerusalem began. SHISHAK took the Jewish Temple treasures to Egypt. in the 18th year of JEROBOAM’S reign. SOLOMON wrote “Proverbs”. The Temple at Jerusalem was completed and dedication began. ASSUR-RES-ISI II ruled Assyria. son of SOLOMON and NAAMAN. ruled Judah 17 years. SIAMON ruled Egypt. REZON ruled as king of Damascus in Syria. The Queen of Sheba visited SOLOMON in Jerusalem. at age 41. The dedication of Solomon’s Temple ended. son of NEBAT of Ephraim. His son SOLOMON reigned as king in Israel. PSUSENNES II ruled Egypt. REHOBOAM. 944 942 941 940 934 928 .
ELIJAH prophesied to 868 B. He ruled Judah 3 years. in the 3rd year of ASA’S reign. He ruled Israel 2 years. daughter of SHILHI. was born. ADAD-NIRARI II ruled Assyria. son of JEHOSHAPHAT. He ruled Judah 41 years. NADAB was slain by BAASHA. JEROBOAM died. for 6 years. He ruled Israel 22 years. JOEL prophesied to 885 B. was born to ASA and AZUBAH. and wrote “Joel”. TAKELOT I ruled Egypt. ELAH was slain by ZIMRI in the 27th year of ASA’S reign. then burned himself to death in the king’s house. JEHOSHAPHAT. was the daughter of ABSALOM. in the 26th year of ASA’S reign. TUKULTI-NINURTA II ruled Assyria. succeeded by his son NADAB.C. 896 890 889 888 . The capital of Israel was moved from Tirzah to Samaria. HUDIBRAS ruled Britain and built Canterbury and Winchester. in the 2nd year of ASA’S reign. Israel and Judah warred against each other. succeeded by his son AHAB.C. ZERAH the Ethiopian invaded Judah. TIBNI died in the 31st year of ASA’S reign and OMRI ruled Israel alone for 6 years. son of AHIJAH of Issachar. succeeded by his son ASA. with OMRI ruling part and TIBNI ruling part. Jericho was rebuilt after 533 years. He ruled Israel 2 years. in the 20th year of JEROBOAM’S reign. Israel was divided. succeeded by his son ELAH. BAASHA died. 926 925 924 923 921 917 911 910 901 900 ABIJAH died. in the 38th year of ASA’S reign. BAASHA ruled Israel 24 years. JEHORAM. ZIMRI ruled Israel 7 days. OMRI died.19 MAACHAH.
ruled Assyria. succeeded by his brother JEHORAM (JORAM) in the 19th year of JEHOSHAPHAT’S reign.20 886 ASA died. and ruled Judah 8 years alone. He ruled Judah 25 years. in the 4th year of AHAB’S reign. daughter of AHAB and JEZEBEL. SHALMANESER III. The Prophet ELIJAH was taken up. Upon his death. AHAZIAH’S mother was ATHALIAH. OBADIAH prophesied and wrote “Obadiah”. AHAZIAH fell through a lattice and died. in the 5th year of JEHORAM’S reign. and NIMSHI of Israel. He ruled Judah 1 year in the 12th year of JEHORAM’S reign. succeeded by his son AHAZIAH. OSORKON II ruled Egypt. He ruled Israel 2 years. ASSURNASIRPAL II ruled Assyria. in the 7th year of JEHU’S reign. He ruled Israel 12 years. IRKHULENA of Hamath. his mother ATHALIAH ruled Judah 7 years. her son by ZIBIAH of Beersheba. JEHU ruled Israel 28 years. JEHOSHAPHAT died. AHAB was killed in battle. succeeded by his son JEHOSHAPHAT. He ruled Judah 40 years. 3 years as co-regent with his father ASA. 883 880 869 868 865 864 858 857 854 851 . age 35. He was succeeded by his son AHAZIAH in the 17th year of JEHOSHAPHAT’S reign. succeeded by his son JEHORAM. age 32. JEHOASH was 7 years of age. BEN-HADAD I ruled in Damascus of Syria. JEHORAM of Israel was slain by JEHU. succeeded by ELISHA. age 22. He was co-regent with his father for 5 years. ATHALIAH was slain by a sword and was succeeded by JEHOASH (JOASH). who received his mantle. LEIR II ruled Britain and built Leicester. The Assyrians battled the Syrians. son of NIMSHI. son of ASHURNASIRPAL II. JEHORAM of Judah died.
SHALMANESER of Assyria defeated HAZAEL at Damascus. 812 811 810 808 806 805 . age 25. He ruled Israel 16 years. in the 2nd year of JOASH’S reign. SHALMANESER III of Assyria died. succeeded by his son JOASH (JEHOASH). The Prophet ELISHA died. Macedonia was founded. JEHU of Israel submitted to the Assyrians. SHALMANESER invaded Syria for the sixth time. ADAD-NIRARI III ruled Assyria. He ruled Israel 17 years. in the 37th year of JOASH’S reign. SHESHONK II ruled Egypt. succeeded by his son JEHOAHAZ in the 23rd year of JOASH’S reign. SAMSI-ADAD V ruled Assyria. The Libyans founded the 23rd dynasty in Egypt. He ruled Judah 29 years. JOASH of Judah was slain in bed by his servants and succeeded by his son AMAZIAH. Carthage was founded by colonists from Tyre.21 850 842 839 836 835 830 824 823 820 817 814 The Assyrians battled Syria. MARDUK-BALATSU-IKBI of Babylon was defeated by the Assyrians at Dur-Papsukul. HAZAEL ruled Damascus of Syria. TAKELOT II ruled Egypt. BEN-HADAD II ruled Damascus of Syria. His mother was JEHOADDAN of Jerusalem. The Assyrians attacked the Syrians at Damascus. MESHA of Moab gained their independence. SHESHONK III ruled Egypt. JEHU died. JEHOAHAZ died.
father of ISAIAH. Ashdod. succeeded by his son JEROBOAM.22 798 JOASH died. His mother was JECHOLIAH of Jerusalem. The first Olympiad was held in Greece. He ruled Israel 41 years. from Damascus to Gaza.C. son of GADI. The Great Earthquake of AMOS 1 destroyed Tyre. He ruled a two-year overlapping reign with PEKAH in Israel. JONAH prophesied to the Assyrians at Nineveh. ASSUR-DAN III ruled Assyria. MENAHEM died. HOSEA prophesied. in the 15th year of AMAZIAH’S reign. Sidon. PEMAY ruled Egypt. RIVALO ruled Britain. in the 27th year of JEROBOAM’S reign. age 16. SHALLUM was slain by MENAHEM. He was slain by SHALLUM. in the 50th year of UZZIAH’S reign. SHALMANESER IV. who ruled Israel 1 month. succeeded by his son ZACHARIAH who ruled Israel 6 months in the 38th year of UZZIAH’S reign. son of JABESH. succeeded by his son PEKAHIAH. who had ruled for 11 years as co-regent with his father. Assyrian dates were determined from the eclipse of the sun on June 15th. Damascus was taken by the Assyrians.. ruled Assyria. Asshur revolted against Assyria. He ruled Judah 52 years. who ruled Israel 10 years in an overlapping reign with PEKAH. SHESHONK IV ruled Egypt. Rome was founded and Roman dating began. and “Jonah” was written. AMOS. succeeded by his son AZARIAH (UZZIAH). son of ADAD-NIRARI III. 797 786 784 783 776 772 766 763 761 760 754 753 750 . prophesied to 747 B. AMAZIAH died. and wrote “Amos” during the reign of JEROBOAM in Israel and UZZIAH in Judah. ASSUR-NIRARI V ruled Assyria. JEROBOAM died.
THEOCLES of Chalsis set up the altar of “Apollo the Guider” in Sicily. ruled Assyria. son of ELAH. He ruled Judah 16 years. age 20.23 748 747 PEKAHIAH of Israel was slain by PEKAH in the 52nd year of UZZIAH’S reign. King UZZIAH of Judah died. ISAIAH began to prophesy. The Assyrians took Ashkelon. in the 3rd year of HOSHEA’S reign. ruled as co-regent over Judah. daughter of ZADOK. succeeded by his son AHAZ. His mother was JERUSHA. age 25. Assyria conquered Hamath. Assyria captured Aradus. 744 743 742 740 738 735 734 733 732 731 730 729 727 726 . SHALMANESER V. A 24th dynasty was founded in Egypt. TIGLATH-PILESER III (PUL) ruled Assyria and began the Second Assyrian Empire. and PEKAH ruled Israel alone for 20 years. The Assyrians took Damascus of Syria and invaded Israel. MICAH prophesied. PEKAH was slain by HOSHEA. Israel revolted against Assyria. Assyria conquered Urartu (Ararat). UZZIAH was stricken with leprosy and his son JOTHAM. The first Messenian War began. in the 2nd year of PEKAH’S reign. son of TIGLATH-PILESER III. HOSHEA ruled Israel 9 years and was ruling when Israel went into Assyrian captivity. He ruled Judah 16 years. His son JOTHAM also died. Babylon was conquered by the Assyrians. HEZEKIAH became co-regent with his father AHAZ. in the 17th year of PEKAH’S reign.
His mother was HEPHZIBAH. SARGON of Assyria captured Ashdod and Gath in Palestine. He ruled Judah 29 years. SENNACHERIB captured Sidon and Acre. SARGON II. SARGON conquered Cyprus. Corcyra was colonized by the Corinthians.24 725 724 722 721 SHALMANESER laid siege to Samaria and captured Shechem. son of TIGLATH-PILESER III. In the 9th year of HOSHEA of Israel and the 6th year of HEZEKIAH’S reign as vice-regent with his father AHAZ. succeeded by his son MANASSEH. HEZEKIAH destroyed the brazen serpent Moses had made. Harran. MERODACH-BALADAN II of Babylon rebelled against Assyria. ruled Assyria with SHALMANEZER. He ruled Judah 55 years. His mother was ABIJAH. Hulah and Nineveh. invaded Judea and laid siege to Jerusalem. AHAZ died. He wrote “Isaiah” during the reigns of 717 715 712 711 710 709 708 705 703 701 700 697 . age 12. 27. succeeded by his son HEZEKIAH. HEZEKIAH’S tunnel was built to bring water into Jerusalem. brother of SHALMANESER V. and father of SENNACHERIB. SHABATAKA ruled Egypt. daughter of ZECHARIAH. SARGON was killed in battle and succeeded by his son SENNACHERIB as king of Assyria.290 captives were deported from Samaria to Gozan. The 25th dynasty was founded in Egypt by SHABAKA (Nubians). Fifteen years were added to king HEZEKIAH’S life. He made Nineveh the capital. Dorian Tarentum was founded by PHALANTHUS. Media. The Prophet ISAIAH died. Sybaris was founded by the Achaens. SARGON entered Babylon and declared himself king. HEZEKIAH died. DEIOCES founded the Median kingdom. Israel was taken captive by Assyria.
AHAZ and HEZEKIAH covering 784697 B. MANASSEH died.C. DEIOCES died. TAHARKA ruled Egypt. ASSURBANIPAL destroyed Thebes in Egypt. The Lydians conquered the Greek-Asian cities. succeeded by his son AMON. The Prophet MICAH wrote “Micah” covering 747697 B. The Prophet NAHUM wrote “Nahum” during his reign. The Lacedaemonian army was defeated at Hysiae. ESARHADDON invaded Egypt. The first naval battle occurred between Corinth and Corcyra. A four-year civil war began in Assyria between ASSURBANIPAL and his brother SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN. He ruled Judah 2 years. daughter of HARUZ of Jotbah. JOTHAM. SENNACHERIB was killed by his two sons. The Prophet HOSEA wrote “Hosea”. The Second Messenian War lasted for 3 years. succeeded by his son PHRAORTES as ruler of the Medes. ESARHADDON conquered Egypt and drove out TAHARKA. The Gadelos landed in Uladh in Ireland. covering 784697 B.C.C. age 22.25 UZZIAH. . ASSURBANIPAL ruled Assyria 43 years and established a great library at Nineveh.C. Byzantium was founded. ESARHADDON ruled Assyria and destroyed Sidon. PSAMMETIK I freed Egypt from Assyria and founded the 26th dynasty. 692 685 681 680 671 670 669 668 667 664 663 660 659 652 650 647 642 SENNACHERIB destroyed Babylon. covering 697-642 B. Sardis fell to the barbaric Cimmerians. His mother was MESHULLEMETH.
ZEPHANIAH prophesied and wrote “Zephaniah” during the reign of JOSIAH. His mother was HAMUTAL. ASSURBANIPAL died and ASSUR-ETEL-ILANI ruled Assyria. and wrote “Jeremiah” about 587 B. age 23. ELIAKIM. age 25. The Median Empire became independent. called “The Draconian Laws. He was succeeded by his son JOSIAH. ASSUR-UBALLIT II ruled as the last king of the Assyrian Empire. NABOPOLASSAR destroyed Nineveh. JOSIAH was slain in battle by PHARAOH-NECHOH of Egypt.C. was made ruler of Judah by 633 631 630 627 626 625 623 621 620 612 611 609 608 . The Assyrians destroyed Elam. 647-522 B. daughter of ADAIAH of Boscath. Thebes fell to the Assyrians. JEREMIAH prophesied from the reign of JOSIAH until after the captivity. He ruled Judah 31 years. SIN-SUMULISIR ruled Assyria. Cyrene was founded by colonists from Greece. followed the same year by SIN-SARISKUN. covering 640-609 B.C. His mother was JEDIDAH. A written code of Laws was published by the Archon DRACO of Athens. daughter of PEDAIAH of Rumah. NABOPOLASSAR began the Chaldean dynasty. son of JOSIAH by ZEBUDAH.” Constantinople was besieged by CHOSROES of Persia. age 8. He ruled Judah 3 months and was taken captive to Egypt. The Cimmerians invaded Magnesia. succeeded by his son JEHOAHAZ (SHALLUM). The Book of the Law was found (2 Kings 22). daughter of JEREMIAH of Libnah.C.26 640 AMON was slain by his servants in a conspiracy.
ZOROASTER. was born. son of JOSIAH and HAMUTAL and brother to JEHOAHAZ.27 PHARAOH-NECHOH. His book. ASTYAGES ruled the kingdom of Media. MATTANIAH. PSAMMETIK II ruled Egypt. NEBUCHADNEZZAR destroyed Ashkelon. was renamed ZEDEKIAH and made ruler of Judea for 11 years. NEBUCHADNEZZAR became ruler of the Babylonian Empire and defeated Egypt at Carchemish. ZEDEKIAH formed an alliance with the Egyptians and revolted against the Babylonians. HANANIAH. EZEKIEL prophesied. 15th and lay siege to the city. daughter of ELNATHAN of Jerusalem. MISHAEL and AZARIAH. who changed his name to JEHOIAKIM. The Prophet HABAKKUK wrote “Habakkuk” during his reign. The Prophet JEREMIAH delivered his Temple Sermon. the Prophet of Iran. JEHOIACHIN. He ruled Judah 11 years. “Ezekiel”. He ruled 3 months and 10 days before he was taken to Babylon. His uncle. also known as JECONIAH and CONIAH. was placed over Judah by NEBUCHADNEZZAR during his siege on Jerusalem. The Babylonians surrounded Jerusalem on Jan. elected Archon of Athens.C. ad NEBUCHADNEZZAR of Babylon attacked Jerusalem. The Phocaeans of Ionia built Massilia in Spain. drafted a new constitution. He built Babylon’s Hanging Gardens. JEHOIAKIM was taken to Babylon in fetters. The Phoenicians circumnavigated Africa. age 18. the son of JEHOIAKIM by NEHUSHTA. was written about 575 B. APRIES/HOPHRA ruled 604 600 597 594 593 588 . along with DANIEL. SOLON. 606 605 The Assyrian Empire ended as Nineveh fell to the Medes. PHARAOHNECHOH of Egypt invaded Asia. among the Judean captives in Babylon. KYMAR ruled Britain.
NEBUCHADNEZZAR died and his son EVIL-MERODACH ruled Babylon. 585 580 583 573 571 570 568 566 563 561 560 . the palace. NEBUCHADNEZZAR conquered Egypt. JEREMIAH wrote “Lamentations” on this occasion of Jerusalem’s destruction. NEBUZARADAN burned the Temple. to Mizpeh. ALYATTES died. EVIL-MERODACH was assassinated in August by NERIGLISSAR (NERGAL-ASHUR-USUR) who ruled Babylon 4 years. 6 miles north of the ruins of Jerusalem. his eyes were put out and he was led in fetters to Babylon. Ireland. The siege of Tyre was lifted. 586 The 70-year Babylonian Captivity began when. On Oct. was made governor over the remnant which were left. SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA (BUDDHA). founder of Buddhism. succeeded by CROESUS in Athens. was born in Nepal. son of AHIKAM. ruling from Mizpeh. GEDALIAH. on July 9th. GEDALIAH was slain by ISHMAEL who took many people. JEHOIACHIN was released from prison. NEBUCHADNEZZAR besieged Tyre. India on April 8th. AAHMES II (AMASIS) ruled Egypt. the Chaldeans destroyed Jerusalem. who took them to Egypt. including JEREMIAH. Agrigentum was founded. The Pythian games began. ZEDEKIAH’S sons were killed before his face. 4th.28 Egypt and aided the Syrians against the Babylonians. EZEKIEL uttered the last of his prophecies in Babylon. Jewish scribes assembled the Historical Books of the Old Testament. They were rescued by JOHANAN. and all the houses of Jerusalem. SIMON BRACH arrived in Ulster.
CYRUS invaded Babylon. China. CYRUS conquered Lydia. CROESUS of Lydia invaded Cappadocia. The Athenian army marched on Marathon. CAMBYSES committed suicide and ARTAXERXES (also known as PSUEDO-SMERDIS or GOMATES) ruled Persia 1 year. The Phocaeans were defeated by the Etruscans and Carthaginians in a naval battle at Corsica. who ruled only 2 months (May and June) before he was murdered. 551 550 546 544 539 538 537 536 535 529 526 525 523 522 . GOBRYAS led a Persian infiltration into Babylon in October. The Temple of Diana was constructed at Ephesus. CYRUS died and CAMBYSES (AHASUERUS) ruled the MedoPersian Empire. ZOROASTRIANISM became the official religion of the Persian Empire. Sardis fell. with Mahavira teaching. CYRUS issued a decree allowing 42.29 556 NERIGLISSAR died. The Public Library was built at Athens. The power of Babylon passed to NABONIDAS who ruled with his son BELSHAZZAR for 17 years. BELSHAZZAR was slain and NABONIDUS was captured by Persian General GOBRYAS on June 16th. CAMBYSES invaded and conquered Egypt at Pelusiam and founded the 27th dynasty. PSAMMETIK III ruled Egypt. succeeded by his son LABASHI MARDOK. K’UNG FU-TZU (CONFUCIUS) was born in Shantung. founded Jainism in India.360 Jews to return to Judea under SHESHBAZZAR (ZERUBBABEL). VARDHAMANA JNATRPUTRA. CYRUS overthrew ASTYAGES of Media at Pasargadae and founded the Persian Empire.
The Etruscans reached the zenith of their prosperity. Carthage conquered Sardinia. He ruled for 36 years. The Persians made an expedition to Naxos. The Persians reconquered Cyprus. MANIUS VALERIUS became dictator of Rome. succeeded by DARIUS I HYSTASPES who commanded the Jerusalem Temple construction to continue. DARIUS I invaded Egypt. The Persians took Miletus. The Republic of Rome was established by Valerian Law. HAGGAI and ZECHARIAH prophesied and wrote “Haggai” and “Zechariah”. DARIUS I crossed the Bosphorus and conquered Hellas. Roman consuls imposed exorbitant taxation. Carthage made a treaty with Rome. Norba and Signia. CLEOMENES invaded Attica. The Athenians and Persians became enemies. Sardis was attacked. War between Sparta and Argos. The Ionic Revolt. enforced by APPIUS CLAUDIUS. which lasted for 2 years. The Velitrae colony was founded. Latin colonies were formed at Cora. The Persians recaptured Babylon in June. The Spartans 520 519 517 516 510 509 507 505 501 500 499 497 495 494 . Work on the Jerusalem Temple began. LARS PORSENA conquered Rome. The Second Jerusalem Temple was dedicated and the 70-year captivity of the Jews ended. NADINTU-BEL (NABONIDUS) led a successful Babylonian revolt.30 521 ARTAXERXES died. ZERUBBABEL led a group of Jewish returnees to Jerusalem. DARIUS I reorganized the Persian Empire. The Romans won a victory over Latium at Lake Regillus.
LEONIDAS and his 300 Spartans defeated the Persians at the Pass of Thermopylae. HAMAN plotted to kill the Jews. The Prophet DANIEL wrote “Daniel” in Babylon. BUDDHA died. Egypt revolted against Persia. GAUIS MARCIUS (CORIOLANUS) revolted and was killed by the Volscians. The Crumaeans defeated the Etruscans. ARISTEIDES was banished. Rome was at war with Veii for 9 years. 492 491 490 489 487 486 485 483 481 480 479 478 474 473 Icilian Law was established by the Roman Tribunes. Persia lost Sestos and the Hellespont. Persia lost Byzantium. The League of Delos was formed. A Latin league was formed with the Hernici. The Alginetan War began. Bosporus and Cyprus. The Carthaginians were defeated at Himera by GELO of Syracuse. DARIUS I died and XERXES I (AHASUERUS) ruled Persia. ESTHER became Queen of Persia. covering 605-485 B. XERXES invaded Asia. The Persians were defeated by the Athenians at Marathon. Tribune GNAEUS GENUCIUS was murdered in Rome for impeaching two . THEMISTOCLES obtained the Archonship of Athens. XERXES crushed the Egyptian and Babylonians revolts and deposed his Queen VASHTI. ESTHER established the Purim Feasts.31 defeated ARGIVES at Sepeia. He was the king who married ESTHER.C. CONFUCIUS died. MARDONIUS of Susa commanded the Persian army and launched an expedition against Greece.
The number of Roman tribunes was increased to ten. The Athenian League was moved from Delos to Athens. The Persians invaded Egypt. “Psalms”. written by different authors from 1500-450 B. The conquest of Aegina. The Battle of Eurymedon. granting the Jews permission to rebuild Jerusalem. Tribune VOLERO PUBLILIUS established “comitia tributa”. The Egyptian revolt was put down. AMYRTAEOS led Khabash in revolt. a collection of spiritual songs and poems used in worship and devotion. The Age of PERICLES. The Holy Scriptures assumed a settled form. The Battles of Tanagra and Oenophyta.C. He was the king who issued the decree of March 5th. Persian General MEGABAZUS captured Egypt’s capital. Athens defeated Corinth and commenced construction on the “Long Walls” of Athens. were compiled.C. to 428 B.. Athens sent 200 ships to help INARUS of Egypt against Persia. Egypt revolted under INARUS. 464 463 462 461 460 458 457 456 455 454 .32 consulars. 445 B. Tribune GAIUS TERENTILIUS ARSA attempted to abolish the Tribunate. XERXES was assassinated and ARTAXERXES I LONGIMANUS ruled Persia. Athens allied with Argos and Thessaly. The Athenian expedition to Egypt ended in disaster. The great earthquake at Sparta. DUNWALL ruled Britain and codified the British laws. a plebeian assembly of tribes. The Battle of Naxos. The sacred ground of the Aventine was distributed and occupied.C. 471 468 467 465 SOCRATES was born.
The Boeotia insurrection against Athens began. The Parthenon was completed at Athens. NEHEMIAH returned to Jerusalem under the decree of ARTAXERXES. The Decemvirs (10 Tribunes) of Rome drew up a legal code. The building of the Parthenon began. 444 442 441 439 438 437 436 . the Etrurian coast. PERICLES regained their losses and a 30-year peace with Sparta was negotiated. ACRAGAS was defeated by Syracuse. Pometia and Ardea were founded. The first plebeians were elected as non-patrician magistrates. Magna Charta of Rome was confirmed and the Tribunate was restored. Samos and Byzantium surrendered to PERICLES. which constituted the “Twelve Tables”. NEHEMIAH organized the “Great Synagogue” in Jerusalem. The Spartan expedition to Delphi. NEHEMIAH completed the walls of the city of Jerusalem. The colonies of Suessa.33 453 452 451 450 449 448 447 446 445 Syracuse ravaged Corsica. The ValerioHoratian laws were drafted. and affixed it to the Forum rostra. Two more copper tablets were added. engraved on 10 tablets of copper. The Megarians revolted. The Jews began to rebuild Jerusalem under the decree of ARTAXERXES. the first legal code. ANTISTHENES founded Cynics. a school of Greek ethics. and occupied Elba. The revolt of Samos. A truce between Sparta and Athens lasted 5 years. The Callias treaty between Persia and Athens. Canuleian Law legalized the validity of marriage between patrician and plebeian in Rome.
. Gerazim in Samaria and used the Pentateuch. Sphacteria and Delium were overcome by HIPPOCRATES. originally one book.C. XERXES II ruled Persia 45 day before he was killed by his illegitimate brother. I Chronicles covers 3975-985 B. PLATO was born. THUCYDIDES was exiled. MANASSEH built a Temple on Mt. and “I and II Chronicles”. “Nehemiah” was written by NEHEMIAH covering 485-425 B. he was killed by OKHOS.C. who became king of Persia as DARIUS II NOTHOS. or OCHUS. covering 431-425 B.C. also originally one book. The Athenian expedition to Sicily. SOGDIANOS. I Kings covers events from 985-868 B.C. covering 538-424 B.34 435 433 432 A censorship was created for registration of Roman citizens for taxation. Capua fell to the Roman Samnites.C. The Peloponnesian War broke out in March between Sparta and Athens. ARCHIDAMUS invaded Attica.C. BELINUS and BRENNUS jointly ruled Britain. II Kings covers 868-561 B. After 6 months. II Chronicles covers 985-539 B.. SANBALLAT’S daughter. The Priest EZRA wrote “Ezra”. The Athenians and Corinthians met at Apella.C. 431 430 429 427 425 424 . the last of the Old Testament prophets. The colossal bronze statue of Athene Promachos was built. One-fourth of the population of Athens died in a plague.C. Priest MANASSEH was expelled from Jerusalem by NEHEMIAH for his refusal to put away his wife. PERICLES died in June. wrote “Malachi”. “Esther” was probably written by EZRA and covers 479424 B. The Prophet MALACHI. EZRA is credited with also writing “I and II Kings”. ARISTEUS the Corinthian blockaded Epidamnus.
Acragas fell.35 421 420 418 416 415 414 413 412 411 410 409 408 407 406 405 404 401 Roman questorship was opened to the plebeians. The Jewish Temple at Elephantine was destroyed. The Truce of Nicias between Athens and Sparta. ALCIBIADES died and Egypt revolted. GURGWIN ruled Britain and PART-OLON occupied Scotland. Rhodes revolted against Athens. Athens launched an expedition to Sicily. THRASYLLUS sailed up the Hellespont. The Samnites captured Cumae from the Greeks. The Tribunal of Ostracism was called to decide between ALCIBIADES and NICIAS. King PLEISTOANAX invaded Arcadia. HANNIBAL made an expedition to Sicily. The Spartans attacked Argos and Athens besieged Syracuse. Peace between Carthage and Syracuse. DEMOSTHENES was slain and Athens was defeated at Syracuse. The Battle of Cunaxa. Democracy was restored in Athens. SOPHOCLES and EURIPIDES died. Alliance between Sparta and Argos. A treaty was reached between Persia and Sparta. CYRUS gathered his army at Sardis. Athens attacked the Isle of Melos. The Decline of Athens. ARTAXERXES II MNEMON ruled Persia. DIONYSIUS ruled Syracuse to 367 B. Athens surrendered and the Peloponnesian War ended. joined ALCIBIADES and took Chalcedon and Byzantium.C. A heavy sword was suspended by a single hair over the head of DAMOCLES. . The second Carthaginian expedition to Sicily. The Romans attacked Veii. The siege of Athens.
The Latin Confederation closed. 399 398 397 396 395 394 393 391 390 387 385 384 383 382 381 . The Corinthian War ended. ARCHALAUS and AGIS of Sparta died. Tyre revolted. The Newton Stone was erected in Aberdeenshire by PART-OLON. DIONYSIUS attacked Carthage a second time. Cyme was besieged. EVAGORA’S fleet was defeated by the Persians. War between Persia and Sparta. The “Pentateuch” was canonized. The Corinthian War. SOCRATAES drank the fatal hemlock and died. The Battles of Cnidus. ARISTOTLE was born. King of the Scots. Rhodes revolted against Sparta. The Setia fortress was founded. Rome was captured by BRENNUS and the Gauls with the Senones at the Battle of the Allia. All Asia was given to Persia. The Circeii colony was founded. Persia and Egypt went to war. AGESILAUS succeeded DERCYLLIDAS as ruler of Sparta. The Pomptine territory was secured and Rome founded the Satricum fortress. DIONYSIUS of Syracuse took Motya.36 400 The Books of the Prophets were added to the Scriptures. The Peace of Antalcidas. Sparta declared war on TISSAPHERNES. DIONYSIUS was at war with Carthage. The Syracusan fleet was destroyed. Sparta was defeated at Lechaeum. NEPHERITES founded the 29th dynasty in Egypt. The Achaean cities reconstructed the Greek (Chalcidian) League. DIONYSIUS became ruler of all Sicily. Nemea and Coronea. The Pomptine territory was distributed. KAHAR (ACHORIS) of Egypt assisted Sparta against Persia.
The Alliance of Thebes and Athens. was born. Olynthus fell. Sestos was besieged by COTYS. A proposal was made to abolish military tribunes in Rome. who had been trained by the philosopher PLATO. Thebes was liberated. ARIOBARZANES died. PYRRHO. DIONYSIUS died. Athens took Samos from Persia. The Athens-Arcadia Alliance. Athens defeated Sparta at Naxos. MENCIUS. EVAGORA died. Thebes defeated Sparta. JASON was assassinated. leader of the skeptics. successor to CONFUCIUS. was born. EPAMINONDAS invaded Peloponnesus again. Peace between Athens and Sparta. The Corinthian-Thebes Peace. “The Tearless Battle”. succeeded by his son DIONYSIUS II. ARIOBARZANES revolted against Persia.37 380 379 378 377 376 374 371 370 369 368 367 Peace between EVAGORA and the Persians. 366 365 364 363 362 361 360 . The Chalcidian League was dissolved. NECTANEBO I of Egypt died. Olympia was restored. DION was exiled. EUPHRON of Sicyon was assassinated. DIONYSIUS took Croton. The proposal to abolish military tribunes was passed in Rome. The Battle of Cynoscephalae. as the Spartans defeated the Arcadians. The Battle of Mantinea. Peace between the Eleians and Arcadians. The Temple of Concord was founded. MARCUS FURIUS CAMILLUS defeated the Gauls at Alba. The Battle of Cronium. The Peace of Callias. EPAMINONDAS invaded Peloponnesus again. NECTANEBO I founded the 30th dynasty in Egypt.
LUCIUS FURIUS CAMILLUS dislodged the Gauls from Mt. Treaty between Rome. PHILIP captured Pydna. DANUS ruled Britain. Censorship was opened to plebeians in Rome. Potidaea and Amphipolis. age 23. PHILIP took Pherae and Pagasae. PLATO died. OLYMPIAS. or ARTAXERXES III. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor was erected. DION returned to Syracuse. Roman treaty with Carthage. Athens lost their last part in Macedonia. Roman Dictator GAIUS SULPICIUS PETICUS defeated the Gauls. PHILIP took Chalcidice. The Peace of Philocrates. Battle of Neon. The “Social War” of Athens. JADDUA was High Priest in Jerusalem. from the Etruscans. ARTAXERXES II died at age 94. PHILIP was proclaimed King of Macedonia. PHOCIANS seized Delphi. The Thebes helped ARTABAZUS. but was defeated at the Battle of Thermopylae by the Athenians. Dictatorship in Rome was opened to Roman plebeians. 357 356 355 354 353 352 351 350 349 348 347 346 . DIONYSIUS captured Pyrgi. Orator DEMOSTHENES met PHILIP. PHOCION helped the Persians in Cyprus. The Latin League opposed the Romans. DIONYSIUS II expelled NYSAEUS and recovered Syracuse. seaport of Caere. Krenides was changed to Philippi. DION was murdered. ARTAXERXES joined Thebes. PHILIP took Methone. DION besieged Ortygia. became regent of Macedonia. succeeded by his son OKHOS. NECTANEBO II ruled Egypt. Alban. the Latins and the Hernicans.38 359 358 PHILIP. NYSAEUS became tyrant of Syracuse. ALEXANDER THE GREAT was born to PHILIP and the Epirot Princess. Navigator PYTHEAS of Phoenicia visited Britain. CALLIPPUS became tyrant at Syracuse.
conquering Asia Minor. The last native dynasty of Egypt ceased to exist as Persia conquered Egypt. PHILIP was assassinated in the 24th year of his reign at age 47.000 340 341 339 338 337 336 335 334 333 . ALEXANDER THE GREAT ruled the Greeks. The colony of Cales was founded. Athens declared war. BAGOAS poisoned ARTXERXES III and ARSES ruled Persia. Southern Etruria became subject to Rome. The Battle of Adranum. The siege of Miletus and Halicarnassus. The Congress of Corinth met. PHILIP made an expedition to Thrace. CODOMANNUS. The office of pretor was opened to plebeians. PHILIP reorganized Thessaly. The Macedonians defeated the Thebes. ALEXANDER defeated DARIUS’ 60. ARTAXERXES captured Sidon. The Romans defeated the Aurunci and captured Sora. The Euboean League was formed. The Samnites attacked the Sidicini in Teanum and the Campanians in Capua.39 345 344 343 PHILIP’S chariot won first place in the Olympic games. PHILIP was defeated at Chaeronea by the Thebans. The Orators Platform in the Forum was decorated with the beaks of the galleys of Antium. ruled Persia after ARSES was murdered. TITUS MANLIUS TORQUATUS led Rome to victory over the Latins and Campanians in the Battle of Trifanum. King TENNES led Sidon in a revolt. With 90. ARCHIDAMUS the Spartan was defeated by the Samnite LUCANIANS. PHILIP besieged Byzantium. The Battle of Crimisus.000 men. or DARIUS III. ALEXANDER invaded Syria and Judea and took Jerusalem. The Battle of Mandonium. ALEXANDER crossed the Hellespont and defeated the Persians at the Battle of Granicus. The Old Latin League was dissolved.
The Battle of Crannon. The Persians lost 30. the easternmost of the five rivers of the Punjab in India. they lost 8. ALEXANDER conquered Bactria and Sogdiana. ALEXANDER was in Gedrosia. He had 47. VITRUVIUS VACCUS was executed. uncle of ALEXANDER THE GREAT. ALEXANDER invaded India. was assassinated. ALEXANDER entered Babylon victorious. Mutiny among his men caused ALEXANDER to turn back at the banks of the Hyphasis. where he was wounded in November.000. DARIUS was killed by traitors. Privernum was stormed. ALEXANDER the Molossian. DARIUS had more than a million. Rome rejected the Samnite request for peace. West Pisidia and Cilicia were conquered. ONIAS I was High Priest in Jerusalem. The colony of Fregellae was founded.000 men.000. ALEXANDER THE GREAT died in Babylon on June 13th at age 32 of marsh fever coupled with heavy drinking. Lycia. as ALEXANDER’S kingdom was divided into four parts. 332 ALEXANDER was welcomed in Egypt and the city of Alexandria was established. PTOLEMY I SOTER took Egypt.40 Persians at the Battle of Issus. ARISTOTLE died. Rome was divided into 29 tribes. Rome warred against the Samnites at Palaeopolis. Tyre was conquered. the Greeks 450. ALEXANDER lost 400 men. 331 330 329 328 327 326 325 324 323 322 . The Persian Empire fell to the Greeks at the Battle of Gaugamel in October. ALEXANDER lost 500 men in battle. as ALEXANDER marched from Egypt across the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers to Arbela. ALEXANDER returned to Babylon.000 men. DARIUS lost 40.
Then he married ALEXANDER’S half-sister. OLYMPIAS. Syria and Mesopotamia. ANTIGONUS captured Tyre. He conquered Susiana. Rome recaptured Sora. THESSALONICA. killed OLYMPIAS and rebuilt Thebes. ANTIGONUS and DEMETRIUS were defeated by PTOLEMY at Gaza. SELEUCUS NICATOR was given BABYLONIA. CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA founded the Mauryan dynasty in India. Fregellae fell to the Romans. Media and Northwest India. CASSANDER took Athens and Macedonia from POLYPERCHON. challenged CASSANDER and killed PHILIP ARRHIDAEUS. CRATERUS was killed. PTOLEMY crushed the Cyprus revolt. Carthage invaded Sicily. The Nabateans of Petra made their first appearance in history. POLYPERCHON claimed Athens and Macedonia. 320 319 318 317 316 314 313 312 311 .41 321 The Samnites under GAVIUS PONTIUS defeated the Romans at Caudine Pass. ANTIGONUS defeated and killed EUMENES and gained control of Asia Minor. PERDICCAS was slain by his own troops in Egypt. ALEXANDER’S mother. . ANTIPATER became regent of Athens and Macedonia. ANTIPATER died and PTOLEMY of Egypt took Syria. The Etruscans besieged Sutrium in vain. HAMILCAR of Carthage defeated AGATHOCLES of Syracuse. PTOLEMY took Jerusalem for Egypt. CASSANDER murdered ALEXANDER’S wife ROXANA and their infant son. PYRRHUS of Macedonia was born. ARDVATES founded the Armenian dynasty. The Roman LUCIUS PAPIRIUS CURSOR took Luceria. APPIUS CLAUDIUS began building the Appian Way. CASSANDER captured Pydna.
QUINTUS FABIUS RULLIANUS crushed the Etruscans at Vadimonian Lake. SELEUCUS founded Antioch in Syria. AGATHOCLES of Syracuse was defeated by Carthage. The Corinthian League was broken up. ANTIGONUS ravaged Babylonia. LYSIMACHUS took West Asia Minor as his share. ANTIGONUS was defeated and slain by SELEUCUS. Ogulnian Law in Rome increased pontificates from 5 to 8 and augurs from 6 to 9. ZENO of Citium founded the Stoic religion. The Mayan calendar was invented in Yucatan. At the Battle of Ipsus. succeeded by SIMON THE JUST. PTOLEMY declared himself King of Egypt and founded the Ptolemaic dynasty. War between DEMETRIUS and CASSANDER. CASSANDER and his son PHILIP IV died. 308 307 306 305 304 303 301 300 299 298 297 . Rome suppressed the Lucanian revolt. LYSIMACHUS and CASSANDER. DEMETRIUS re-formed the Corinthian League. High Priest ONIAS I died. ANTIGONUS killed ALEXANDER’S sister CLEOPATRA while she was on her way to Egypt to marry PTOLEMY SOTER. AGATHOCLES invaded Africa. SELEUCUS gained a large part of Asia Minor and all of Syria. The Romans colonized Narnia. PTOLEMY made peace with CASSANDER. SELEUCUS and DEMETRIUS became allies. ANTIGONUS made peace with Rhodes. CASSANDER was defeated at Elatea. Peace between Syracuse and Carthage. ANTIGONUS defeated PTOLEMY at Salamis. DEMETRIUS besieged Rhodes.42 310 The Epicurean religion began. The Samnian capital of Bovianum fell to Rome. Celtic conquest of South Gaul. PTOLEMY took Cyprus.
The Samnites’ strength was broken by Rome at the Battle of Aquilonia. Ionia. LACHARES seized control in Athens. Venusia was founded with 20. PTOLEMY acquired Tyre and Sidon. The translation of the Septuagint from Hebrew to Greek was authorized. SELEUCUS defeated LYSIMACHUS at the Battle of Corupedion in Lydia and the period of the Diadochi ended. The History of Assyria was compiled by MEGASTHENES. The Law of Roman Dictator QUINTUS HORTENSIUS gave the decrees of the plebes equal force with the populus. DEMETRIUS POLIOCETES was driven from the Macedonian throne which was taken by PYRCHUS. The Celts were expelled from Italy by PUBLIUS CORNELIUS DOLABELLA.000 colonists. Seleucus and Cilicia.000 lives. 294 293 292 291 290 289 287 286 285 284 283 . High Priest SIMON the Just died.43 295 At a cost of 9. PTOLEMY I SOTER died and PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHUS ruled Egypt. AGATHOCLES of Syracuse died. PTOLEMY acquired Cyprus. Jewish captives in Egypt were freed by PTOLEMY. the Romans under PUBLIUS DECIUS defeated the Gauls in Umbria. The Aetolian League was formed in Greece. ANTIOCHUS I became joint king of Asia. The Sabines became Roman subjects. succeeded by ELEAZAR. DEMETRIUS took Thebes. DEMETRIUS POLIOCETES took Athens and became King of Macedonia.
ANTIGONUS took Athens. ANTIOCHUS I defeated PTOLEMY II in the First Syrian War. ANTIGONUS. The Celts established Galatia in Asia Minor.000 casualties. son of DEMETRIUS. Treaty between ANTIGONUS and ANTIOCHUS. PYRRHUS lost a final battle near Beneventum to the Romans. HERACLEA made peace with Rome. Rome captured Tarentum. ruler of Insia. EPICURUS. High Priest ELEAZAR died. ANTIGONUS annexed Euboea. Translation of the Pentateuch from Hebrew to Greek was completed in the work on the Septuagint. succeeded by MANASSEH. PYRRHUS battled the Roman Consul PUBLIUS LAEVINUS on the banks of the Siris River near Heraclea. The Achaean League was formed at Peloponnessus. 279 278 277 276 275 274 273 272 270 . Egypt sent their first embassy from Alexandria to Rome. SELEUCUS killed LYSIMACHUS. PYRRHUS died in a street fight in Argos. PTOLEMY KERAUNOS of Egypt ruled Macedonia. founder of the Epicurean philosophy. Egypt made conquests in Asia Minor.44 282 281 280 LUCANIAUS was defeated by the Romans. died. ANTIOCHUS I defeated the Gauls. The Gauls invaded Asia. The First Syrian War ended. PYRRHUS of Epirus built a fleet and sailed to Italy. Germans invaded the Roman empire. Rome suffered 40. DEMETRIUS died in Syrian captivity and ANTIGONUS ruled Macedonia. The Gauls invaded Macedonia. PYRRHUS retreated to Syracuse. SELEUCUS was murdered and ANTIOCHUS I SOTER ruled Syria. ruled Macedonia. ARSINOE II died. The Colossus of Rhodes was completed. The Greeks won. PYRRHUS defeated the Romans in Apulia near Ausculum. ASOKA. proclaimed Buddhist ideology.
The Roman fleet was destroyed by a storm off Pachynus. Battle of Cos. Sparta and Egypt against ANTIGONUS. Peace treaty between PTOLEMY II and ANTIGONUS. Parchment was developed as a writing material in Pergamum. The First Punic War began. ANTIGONUS secured the Island League. The Battle of Corinth. ANTIOCHUS I SOTER died and ANTIOCHUS II THEOS ruled Syria. ANTIGONUS took Athens. The Second Syrian War began. The coalition of Athens.45 269 267 265 264 263 262 261 260 259 256 255 Emperor ASOKA of the Mauryan dynasty controlled north India and Afghanistan. High Priest MANASSEH died. HIERO ruled Syracuse. The Torah was translated into Greek. blockaded Messana. EUMENES I founded the Attalid dynasty in Pergamum. ANTIOCHUS II took Ephesus. The Romans rejected the Carthaginian proposal of peace. The Chromonidean War began. 252 251 250 249 . Only 80 survived. AREUS II of Sparta died. son of HANNIBAL. HANNO. Thermae and Lipara surrendered to Rome. The Romans defeated HASDRUBAL of Carthage. Rome defeated Carthage in a naval battle. REGULUS and his Romans were defeated by XANTHIPPUS and his Numidians at Tunis. Rome won Sicily. succeeded by ONIAS II. Agrigentum was captured. but APPIUS CLAUDIUS CAUDEX won. Rome won. Rome sent REGULUS with a fleet of 330 ships to Africa against the Carthagian fleet of 350 ships. The Roman Senate received the Mamertines into the Italian Confederacy. ACROTATUS of Sparta died.
succeeded by PTOLEMY III EUERGETES I in Egypt. The Third Syrian War began. 246 245 244 243 241 240 239 238 237 235 233 232 230 229 228 . AGIS IV of Syria died. New Carthage was founded. Brundisium was founded. War of the Brothers. Peace between PTOLEMY III of Egypt and SELEUCUS II of Syria. HAMILCAR BARCA invaded Sicily. Carthage ruled southern Spain. Chinese philosopher HAN FEITZU died. succeeded by ANTIGONUS III DOSON in Macedonia. CLEOMENES III ruled Sparta. HAMILCAR BARCA of Carthage died in battle in Spain. DEMETRIUS II died. The Cleomenic War. DEMETRIUS battled the League. The Battle of Cleonae. ANTIGONUS recovered Corinth. War between ATTALUS I of Pergamum and ANTIOCHUS HIERAX of Syria. EUMANES I died and ATTALUS I ruled as King of Pergamum. AGUS IV ruled Syria. The Battle of Phylacia. Italian Celts attacked Rome. ARATUS became general of the Achaian League. Athens regained independence.46 247 PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHUS died. Rome seized Corsica. A battle off Aegusa brought peace to Rome with Carthage. SELEUCUS II and ANTIOCHUS HIERAX of Syria. ARATUS of Sicyon took Corinth. ALEXANDER of Corinth died. ANTIGONUS GONATAS died and DEMETRIUS II ruled Macedonia. HAMILCAR BARCA made conquests in Spain. The First Illyrian War. ANTIOCHUS II died and SELEUCUS II CALLINIUS ruled Syria.
son-in-law of HAMILCAR. The Celts were vanquished. 9. HANNIBAL attacked Saguntum. losing over half of his infantry. PHILIP V of Macedonia sacked Thermum. ANTIGONUS III DOSON died and PHILIP V ruled Macedonia. HASDRUBAL of Spain. China was unified as SHIH-HUANG-TI became the “First Emperor.000 of his cavalry and all but one elephant as he met the Roman SCIPIO on the plain. son of HAMILCAR.47 227 226 225 224 223 222 Revolution at Sparta. ANTIOCHUS (MAGNUS THE GREAT) of Syria invaded Egypt and conquered Gaza. 3. Rome and Carthage were at war. The Fourth Syrian War began. ANTIGONUS took Argos for Macedonia. The Battle of Clastidium. The Celts advanced to the Apennines.000 cavalry and 37 elephants and met the Romans at Ebro.000 Romans in the defeat of QUINTUS FABIUS at Lake Trasimene. becoming Master of Northern Italy. 12. CLEOMENES died. The Gauls were routed at Telamon. was warned by Rome not to pass the Ebro. SELEUCUS II CALLINIUS died and SELEUCUS III CERAUNAS ruled Syria.” HASDRUBAL was killed and HANNIBAL. SELEUCUS III CERAUNAS died and ANTIOCHUS III THE GREAT ruled Syria. The Second Illyrian War.000 cavalry. The Celts were defeated by Roman GAIUS ATALIUS REGULUS. Syria was defeated in the Battle of 221 220 219 218 217 . He crossed the Pyrenees with 50. ANTIGONUS took Sparta. The Insubrian capital Milan was captured by GNAEUS SCIPIO. became general in Spain. and won. ACHAEUS recovered Seleucid Asia Minor. The War of the Allies began. PTOLEMY III died and PTOLEMY IV PHILOPATER ruled Egypt.000 infantry. HANNIBAL led 90. HANNIBAL slew 15.000 infantry.
ANTIOCHUS was in Bactria.000 infantry and 6. ANTIOCHUS was in Media. ARCHIMEDES was slain. HASDRUBAL was defeated at Metaurus and died. the Carthaginian advance in Spain was checked by PUBLIUS SCIPIO. MARCELLUS died. Capua and Syracuse fell. ARATUS died. The siege of Syracuse began. PHILIP began his second Illyrian campaign. ANTIOCHUS made peace with BACTRIA. NABIS ruled Sparta. ANTIOCHUS was in Parthyene. Work on the Great Wall of China began. Spain became a Roman province as PUBLIUS CORNELIUS SCIPIO drove out the Carthaginians. HASDRUBAL left Spain for Italy. 220. 216 The Romans led 80. Agrigentum fell.48 Raphia between ANTIOCHUS of Syria and PHILOPATER of Egypt. ATTALUS returned to Asia. The rise of the HAN dynasty in China. Alliance between Syracuse and Carthage. 215 214 213 212 211 210 209 208 207 206 . defeated the army of the two SCIPIOS in Spain. ANTIOCHUS recovered Armenia. HANNIBAL’S brother. HANNIBAL marched on Rome.000 infantry and 10. HASDRUBAL. Under GAIUS CLAUDIUS NERO. HANNIBAL was defeated by MARCELLUS at Nola. HIERO died. SCIPIO captured the Carthaginian capital.000 cavalry against HANNIBAL’S 40. lasting to A. The Romans lost 70. Rome elected MARCUS TERENTIUS VARRO as counsel. MARCELLUS finished the war in Sicily.000 men at Cannae.D. PHILIP raided Aetolia. The Spartans were defeated at Mantinea. Syracuse surrendered. ATTALUS was in Pergamum.000 cavalry.
ANTIOCHUS of Syria attacked the Egyptian possessions in Cilicia. Peace between Syria and Egypt. ATTALUS of Pergamos asked Rome for aid. Rome established Berber chief MASSINISSA in the Numidian kingdom for 60 years. ending the Second Punic War. HANNIBAL began democratic reforms at Carthage. CATO was sent to Spain.49 205 PTOLEMY IV PHILOPATER died and PTOLEMY V EPIPHANES ruled Egypt. ANTIOCHUS and PHILIP of Macedonia joined forces against Egypt. ANTIOCHUS invaded Thrace. Syria and Palestine. ANTIOCHUS invaded South Syria. Peace between Rome and Macedonia. 204 203 202 201 200 199 198 197 196 195 194 . PHILIP of Macedonia captured Abydus and Rome declared war on him. The Celts rose up against Rome. HANNIBAL returned to Africa after a 36-year absence. SCIPIO sailed to Utica and captured Syphax. The Lusitani War with Rome. SCIPIO defeated HANNIBAL at the Battle of Zama. Egypt was defeated at Paneas. ANTIOCHUS seized Judea for Syria. The Cretan War began. ANTIOCHUS of Syria took Gaza. FLAMININUS withdrew the Roman troops from Greece. PHILIP warred against the Greek coast cities. SCIPIO landed in Sicily and recaptured Locri. PHILIP of Macedonia made peace with Rome and allied with ANTIOCHUS of Syria against Egypt. succeeded by ONIAS III. PHILIP of Macedonia was defeated at Scotussa and escaped to Larissa. HANNIBAL joined ANTIOCHUS at Ephesus. SCOPAS of Egypt retook Judea. ANTIOCHUS of Syria took Sidon. ANTIOCHUS of Syria occupied Ephesus. INSUBRES was defeated. High Priest SIMON died.
CATO the Elder became a censor in Rome. succeeded by PERSEUS in Macedonia. Berber chief MASSINISSA raided Carthage again PTOLEMY V EPIPHANES was poisoned and was succeeded by his son. DEMETRIUS of Bactria took the Punjab. daughter of ANTIOCHUS. 182 181 179 177 . The Syrian fleet was defeated off Corycus. The fortress of Luna was established. fled to Ephesus. SCIPIO ASIATICUS defeated the Syrian fleet at Side and Myonnesus. Peace between Rome and Aetolia. The second Roman evacuation of Greece. The Spartans joined the Achaian League. MASSINISSA raided Carthage. ANTIOCHUS of Syria was defeated at Magnesia. PTOLEMY VI PHILOMETER in Egypt. The Latins were expelled from Rome. PUBLIUS SCIPIO died. QUINTUS FULVIUS FLACCUS ruled Spain.50 193 192 191 190 189 188 187 185 184 183 PTOLEMY V EPIPHANES married CLEOPATRA. The Celts were subdued. Rome declared war on Syria. Aquileia was founded to close the gates of the Alps. defeated by the Romans at Thermopylae. War between Pontus and Pergamum. ANTIOCHUS of Syria was slain while plundering the Temple of Bel at Elymais and was succeeded by SELEUCUS IV PHILOPATER. The Messenians revolted against the Achaians. ANTIOCHUS. The Aetolian League ended. PHILIP V died. PHILIP made an expedition to the Balkans. The Treaty of Apamea. HANNIBAL was compelled by the Romans to take poison and died at age 67.
JUDAS defeated APOLLONIUS. Rome declared war on Greece. Governor of Judea.000 Achaians were deported to Italy. The Jerusalem Temple was desecrated by ANTIOCHUS IV on December 25th. succeeded by his son. PHILIPPUS marched into Macedonia. PTOLEMY VI PHILOMETER.51 175 173 172 171 SELEUCUS IV PHILOPATER was murdered and ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES ruled the Seleucid Empire. PERSEUS was taken captive. The Jerusalem Temple was purified and rededicated by JUDAS MACCABEUS on December 25th. ANTIOCHUS IV invaded Egypt. PTOLEMY VII NEOS PHILOPATER became joint ruler of Egypt with his brother. JASON led an attack against Jerusalem. High Priest ONIAS III was deposed by ANTIOCHUS IV and replaced by JASON. Jerusalem was occupied by armed forces. including POLYBIUS the historian. JUDAS MACCABEUS. The Septuagint translation was completed in Egypt. Rome intervened in the Syrian invasion of Egypt. Priest MATTATHIAS led a Jewish revolt against ANTIOCHUS IV. Roman General LUCIUS AEMILIUS PAULUS subdued Macedonia at Pydna. High Priest JASON was replaced by MENELAUS for robbing the Temple treasury. PERSEUS died and the Antigonid dynasty ended. Priest JUDAS BEN MATTATHIAS died. 1. 170 169 168 167 166 165 . Macedonia and Illyria were divided into protectorates.000 Jews. War between Rome and PERSEUS of Macedonia. ANTIOCHUS IV plundered the Temple at Jerusalem and killed 40. MITHRIDATES I ascended the Parthian throne.
Judea became an independent state. MITHRIDATES I of Parthia seized Media. EUMENES II died and ATTALUS II ruled Pergamum. in Syria. High Priest MENELAUS was slain. MASSINISSA appealed to Rome to arbitrate with Carthage. Priest ONIAS was given permission to build a Jewish Temple at Heliopolis in Egypt. succeeded by ALEXANDER I BALAS. LYSIAS took Jerusalem. Carthage declared war on Rome. January 1st became the first day of Rome’s civil year. CATO was sent by Rome to settle a dispute between the Numidian king and Carthage. The Monastic Order of the Essenes cult was organized. Carthage was defeated. DEMETRIUS I was slain. EUPATOR. Farther Spain was defeated. Truce between Rome and Syria. Rome was defeated by the Celt-Iberians. Lusitania invaded Spain. MARCUS CLAUDIUS MARCELLUS terminated the CeltIberian War. 158 157 155 154 153 152 151 150 . Rome was at war. age 9. became the Jewish leader. succeeded by ALCIMUS. Rome campaigned in Dalmatia. JUDAS MACCABEUS was killed in battle.52 164 163 162 161 160 The Jewish Priest ONIAS changed the Egyptian Temple at Heliopolis into a Jewish Temple. JONATHAN MACCABEUS was made High Priest in Jerusalem. JONATHAN MACCABEUS of Israel and BACCHIDES of Syria made peace. succeeded by ANTIOCHUS V. His brother. High Priest ALCIMUS died. ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES died. JONATHAN. Carthage declared war on MASSINISSA. DEMETRIUS I SOTER ruled Syria.
ANTIOCHUS. DEMETRIUS II was defeated and captured by the Parthians. son of SIMON. succeeded by DEMETRIUS II NICATOR. succeeded by ATTALUS III. The Greek marble statue of Venus de Milo. was sculptured. Syria withdrew from Jerusalem. ATTALUS II of Pergamum died. High Priest SIMON MACCABEUS and two of his sons were slain by his son-in-law. who ruled Syria. discovered in A. and was succeeded by his brother SIMON MACCABEUS in Judea. followed by PTOLEMY VIII EUERGETES II (PHYSCON). 144 143 142 141 140 139 138 135 134 . Rome intervened on behalf of Carthage. overthrew NICATOR in Syria. The first Sicilian Slave War against Rome. JOHN HYRCANUS I. The 170-year Syrian servitude ended. ALEXANDER I BALAS of Syria was slain. MITHRIDATES I of Parthia captured Babylon. PTOLEMY VI PHILOMETER died and PTOLEMY VII became sole ruler in Egypt for a short time. The Pharisees and the Sadducees appeared as separate parties in Judea. DEMETRIUS II defeated MITHRIDATES I of Parthia. 1820 on the island of Melos. Rome won the Fourth Macedonian War. Carthage was destroyed. NICATOR contested for the Syrian throne. The Third Punic War started. High Priest JONATHAN MACCABEUS was killed by Syrian General TRYPHO.D. but was slain by TRYPHON. who founded the Hasmonean dynasty. The Parthians took Babylonia. succeeded by ANTIOCHUS VII SIDETES. VIRIATHUS ruled Lusitania.53 149 148 147 146 145 MASSINISSA died. The Siege of Carthage. War between Rome and the Achaians. TRYPHON of Syria died. The Numantine War. son of BALAS.
The death of HIEMPSAL.54 became High Priest. Rome defeated the Arverni and Allobroges. DEMETRIUS ruled the Parthians. PTOLEMY PHYSCON and CLEOPARTA II reconciled in Egypt. Rome colonized Africa. son of DEMETRIUS II. ruled Syria. Syrian power was restored in Judea. ANTIOCHUS of Syria occupied Jerusalem. 133 132 131 130 129 128 126 125 124 123 121 118 117 116 115 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS subdued the Numantines. ANTIOCHUS died in battle with the Parthians under DEMETRIUS. War in Gaul against the Arverni and the Allobroges. TIBERIUS was elected tribune in Rome. MITHRIDATES VI seized power in Pontus. CAIUS GRACCHUS was elected tribune in Rome. MITHRIDATES II THE GREAT consolidated Parthia. RUPILIUS of Rome won victory in the Sicilian Slave War. PTOLEMY PHYSCON died. CAIUS GRACCHUS died. GRACCHUS died. succeeded by PTOLEMY IX SOTER II LATHYRUS in Egypt. JOHN HYRCANUS conquered Moab and Samaria and destroyed the Samarian Temple. Civil War in Egypt made CLEOPATRA II the sole ruler. Cyrene separated from Egypt. ATTALUS III of Pergamum died. ANTIOCHUS VIII GRYPUS. PHYSCON was restored to power in Egypt. Rome made Pergamum a Roman protectorate. MITHRIDATES V of Pontus died. ALEXANDER II ZABINAS ruled Syria. . The colony of Narbo was founded. JUGURTHA rose to power in Africa. DEMETRIUS of Syria was slain. JOHN HYRCANUS conquered Idumea.
The Apocryphal book. GAIUS MARIUS became consul in Rome. MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO was born. The Celts defeated the Romans at the Rhone River. High Priest ARISTOBULUS I died. succeeded by ARISTOBULUS I. succeeded by ALEXANDER JANNAEUS. High Priest JOHN HYRCANUS died. The Romans captured JUGURTHA. MITHRIDATES occupied Cappadocia. The Battle of Vercellae ended the invasion by Germanic peoples. Emperor WU TI’S Chinese forces reached the outposts of Western culture. MARIUS and CATULUS defeated the Cimbri. PTOLEMY ALEXANDER ruled Egypt. 99 98 . 3. BELI II ruled Britain. MARIUS restored order.000 were slain at Aix and Milan. ANTIOCHUS VIII divided Syria with his half-brother ANTIOCHUS IX. ASTHENION was sole ruler of Sicily. War between Rome and the Numidians. High Priest ALEXANDER JANNAEUS assumed the title of King of Judea. GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR was born. was composed by a Hellenistic Jew in Egypt. MARIUS put down a revolt in Spain. Riots in Rome.55 112 111 110 108 107 106 105 104 103 102 101 100 Rome declared war on JUGURTHA and the Numidians in Africa. MASRIUS defeated the Teutoni. PUBLIUS NERVA of Sicily held court in Syracuse regarding freedom of slaves. The Numidian kingdom was divided. The La Tene people of Europe invaded England. The Romans won the Second Servile War in Sicily. The Second Sicilian Slave War. EUPATOR occupied Galatia. Korea came under Chinese control. “Wisdom of Solomon”.
MARCUS PORCIUS CATO was born. MITHRIDATES overran Asia Minor. Massacre in Rome. NICOMEDES II of Bithynia died. SSU-MA CH’IEN compiled the first comprehensive history of China. followed by PHILIPPUS I PHILADELPHUS as co-regents with DENETRIUS III EUKAIROS PHILOPATER SOTER. joined by Athens. ANTIOCHUS XI PHILADELPHUS ruled Syria. The Roman FIMBRIA defeated MITHRIDATES at Pergamus. Civil War in Rome. ANTIOCHUS X EUSEBES PHILOPATER ruled Syria. PTOLEMY ALEXANDER was killed and PTOLEMY IX was restored in Egypt. The kingdom of Nabat was extended to Damascus. SULLA occupied Rome. SULLA restored ARIOBARZANES in Cappadocia. husband of ANNA the Prophetess. Rome replaced MITHRIDATES with ARIOBARZANES in Cappadocia.56 96 95 ANTIOCHUS VIII was murdered. DRUSUS was assassinated. TIGRANES ruled Armenia. Rome was defeated at Asculum. War was declared against MITHRIDATES VI EUPATOR of Pontus. SELEUCUS VI EPIPHANES NICATOR ruled Syria. PTOLEMY APION of Egypt died. PHANUEL. ANTIOCHUS IX was killed in battle. TIGRANES drove ARIOBARZANES from Cappadocia. died. Consul LUCIUS JULIUS CAESAR granted Roman citizenship to all Italians. Senator LUCIUS CRASSUS died. The Romans took Athens. LUCIUS CORNELIUS CINNA and MARIUS were in power. ANTIOCHUS XII DIONYSUS ruled Syria. SULLA invaded Greece. 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 . Rome took Cyrene. The Social War began.
POMPEY proceeded to Africa. MARCUS AEMILIUS LEPIDUS was elected consul. MITHRIDATES declared war on Rome and invaded Bithynia. PTOLEMY XI ALEXANDER II was assassinated. SALOME ALEXANDRA. broke out of the school at Capua and fled to Mt. and declared himself Dictator. MURENA warred against MITHRIDATES. CRASSUS crucified 6. GNAEUS POMPEIUS (POMPEY) was sent to Sicily. Vesuvius. PERPERNA was defeated. lining the road from Capua to Rome with their bodies. bequeathing his kingdom to Rome. But ALEXANDER’S wife. MURENA was driven from Cappadocia. took it. The Romans closed the Jewish Temple at Heliopolis in Egypt. POMPEY returned to Rome from Spain. POMPEY crushed the revolt in Spain. SULLA marched to Rome. CRASSUS crushed SPARTACUS’S army. destroyed the constitution. OENOMAUS and SPARTACUS. SULLA retired from Dictatorship in Rome.000 slaves. The Roman LUCULLUS defeated Bessi and Dardani. succeeded by PTOLEMY XII AULETES in Egypt. SPARTACUS defeated the Romans. Cyrene became a Roman province. NICOMEDES III of Bithynia died. SULLA subdued MITHRIDATES VI. led by CRIXUS. LUCULLUS routed MITHRIDATES. High Priest ALEXANDER JANNAEUS died and JOHN HYRCANUS was appointed to the office. 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 . restored the rule of the Senate. SULLA died. SULLA landed at Brundisium and advanced to Campania in Italy. POMPEY went to Spain to crush a revolt. The Romans took Ephesus.57 84 83 82 CINNA was assassinated. Gladiators.
CASSIBELLAUNUS ruled Britain. LUCULLUS invaded Armenia. Galilee. Rome annexed Crete and Cyrene. CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR OCTAVIANUS. JOHN HYRCANUS II was made High Priest and ruler in Judea. POMPEY took command of the Roman legions from LUCULLUS. High Priestess SALOME ALEXANDRA died and a struggle between JOHN HYRCANUS II and ARISTOBULUS II erupted over the High Priest’s office. JULIUS CAESAR made himself head of the state. PHRAATES III of Parthia attacked TIGRANES. Samaria and Perea by POMPEY. PUBLIUS VERGILIUS MARO (VIRGIL. PHILIPPUS II ruled Syria. A Triumvirate was formed to rule Rome. ANTIOCHUS XIII ASIATICUS ruled Syria. POMPEY took Jerusalem and the Hasmonean power ended. Cilicia and Crete came under Roman dominion. Syria was annexed as a Roman province. MITHRIDATES’ and TIGRANES’ kingdoms were restored to them. ASRISTOBULUS won. ending the Seleucid monarchy. MARCUS CRASSUS and GNAEUS POMPEIUS. consisting of GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR. LUD ruled Britain.58 70 69 67 The first consul ship of MARCUS LICINIUS CRASSUS and GNAEUS POMPEIUS (POMPEY). 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 . POMPEY took Antioch. was born. surnamed AUGUSTUS. JULIUS CAESAR was made Pretor in Rome. JULIUS CAESAR was made consul in Rome on March 1st. POMPEY warred against Iberi and Albani and annexed Bithynia. MITHRIDATES was defeated. Bithynia. JULIUS CAESAR was made Governor of Spain. the Roman poet) was born. Jews and Nabataeans in Syria. He regulated the affairs of the Bedouins. MITHRIDATES VI of Pontus killed himself.
56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 . CAESAR organized Gaul. CAESAR sailed to Britain with 5 legions and 2. PTOLEMY XIV and PTOLEMY XV.000 cavalry. who married her two brothers. Civil War in Parthia between MITHRIDATES III and ORODES II.59 58 57 JULIUS CAESAR was made Governor of the Gauls. Civil War in both Egypt and Rome. POMPEY was defeated and left for Africa. The Parthians invaded Syria. CAESAR crossed the Ruibicon into Italy and was declared Dictator. CAESAR defeated Belgae and Nervii. succeeded by his daughter. CRASSUS ruled Syria. CRASSUS was in Normandy. POMPEY ruled Spain. PTOLEMY XI AULETES was restored to power in Egypt by AULUS GABINIUS. fought the Alexandrine War and established CLEOPATRA VII and PTOLEMY XIII in Egypt. CAESAR made a second expedition to Britain. Riots in Rome between CLODIUS and MILO. CAESAR campaigned against Veneti and Morini. PTOLEMY XII AULETES died in Egypt. PTOLEMY XII AULETES was driven from Egypt. CAESAR was invested with Tribunician power for life. conquering Brittany and southwest Gaul. son of ARISTOBULUS. MARCUS CRASSUS died at Carrhae in Mesopotamia at the hands of the Parthians. CAESAR was successful in subduing Gaul. POMPEY was stabbed in the back by LUCIUS SEPTIMIUS in Egypt. CAESAR toured Africa. MITHRIDATES III was executed by ORODES II of Pontus. CLEOPATRA VII. POMPEY and CAESAR ruled jointly. Roman General GABINIUS defeated ALEXANDER. Cyprus was annexed. ALEXANDER revolted again. who was later poisoned and SCIPIO became President of Syria. CAESAR liberated ARISTOBULUS. CLEOPARTA became CAESAR’S mistress.
HEROD and PHASAELUS were appointed Tetrarchs of Judea by MARC ANTONY. ANTONY married OCTAVIA. The New Calendar was called “The Julian Calendar. was made Governor of Jerusalem. Procurator HEROD ANTIPATER the Idumean was poisoned by the Sadducees. The beginning of the year was changed from March 1st to January 1st. JULIUS CAESAR was slain by MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS and GAIUS CASSIUS. CATO the Younger committed suicide. ruled Egypt with his mother. The first Leap Year. son of CLEOPATRA by JULIUS CAESAR. ANTONIUS surrendered Perusia to OCTAVIAN. CAESAR was in Spain. AGRIPPA campaigned in Gaul. PTOLEMY XVI. King PARTHIA of Babylon invaded Judea. OCTAVIUS and LEPIDUS.” CAESAR returned from Spain and adopted his nephew GAIUS OCTAVIUS as his heir. ANTIGONUS rebelled and was defeated by HEROD. HEROD’S son. PHASAELUS was captured and committed suicide. The Battle of Thapsus. HEROD fled to Rome where he was made King of Judea by the Roman Senate. 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 . Rome was ruled by a second Triumvirate composed of ANTONY. ANTIPATER and HYRCANUS were authorized to repair the Jerusalem walls. and HEROD was made Governor of Galilee. ANTIGONUS MATTATHIAS was made High Priest. PHASAELUS. JULIUS CAESAR was proclaimed Dictator of the World. and SEXTUS CAESAR was made President of Syria. ANTONY met CLEOPATRA at Tarsus and visited Alexandria. TENUANTIUS ruled Britain. The image of CAESAR’S head first appeared on coins.60 47 HEROD ANTIPATER was appointed Procurator of Judea by CAESAR.
61 38 37 HEROD married MARIAMNE the Maccabean granddaughter of former High Priest HYRCANUS II. OCTAVIAN assumed the title of Emperor AUGUSTUS CAESAR. son of PHIABI. HEROD executed ARISTOBULUS III and made JESUS. ANTONY and CLEOPATRA were defeated by OCTAVIAN in Greece at the Battle of Actium. MARC ANTONY married CLEOPATRA VII at Antioch. All the Jewish Sanhedrin were slain except two. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 . HEROD conquered Jerusalem. Egypt became a Roman province as OCTAVIAN entered Alexandria. HEROD killed ALEXANDRA. the last of the Hasmoneans. LEPIDUS ceased as Triumvir. ANTONY divorced OCTAVIA. OCTAVIAN made Dalmatia a Roman province. BOCCHUS died. ANTONY and CLEOPATRA were in Ephesus. MARC ANTONY returned to Egypt. ANTONY and CLEOPATRA committed suicide at Actium. Work was begun to restore the Temple. The Roman Senate granted OCTAVIAN the privilege of appointing any number of priests. the High Priest. ANTONY invaded Armenia. A great earthquake in Judea. PHRAATES captured Media. and the Roman Republic was replaced by the Roman Empire. HEROD was called before OCTAVIAN for murdering his uncle JOSEPH. KYMBELIN ruled Britain. He closed the Temple of Janus. ANTIGONUS MATTATHIAS was executed and ARISTOBULUS III was made High Priest. AUGUSTUS was in Gaul and Spain. HEROD killed his wife MARIAMNE. CRASSUS was in the Balkans. SEXTUS POMPEIUS was killed in Asia by TITIUS.
MARCELLUS died. MARCELLUS married JULIA. HORACE died. son of BOETHUS. Ethiopia invaded Egypt. Rome annexed Pamphilia. HEROD invaded Nabatea. AGRIPPA was made vice-regent of the East. AUGUSTUS gave Caesarea Philippi (Paneas) to HEROD’S jurisdiction. became High Priest. TIBERIUS became consul. Pisidia. 16 15 13 12 11 10 9 8 . HEROD named his son ANTIPATER as his successor. Caesarea was inaugurated by HEROD. AGRIPPA and JULIA married. HILLEL led the Pharisees. AUGUSTUS was in Gaul and Germany. GALLUS committed suicide.62 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 PONTIUS PILATE was appointed Procurator of Judea. AUGUSTUS became Pontifex Maximus. AGRIPPA was sent to the East. AGRIPPA visited Jerusalem. DRUSUS campaigned in Germany. POLEMO was captured and executed. DRUSUS died. HEROD began reconstruction of the Jerusalem Temple. AUGUSTUS was in Greece and Asia. The Census Decree of CAESAR AUGUSTUS. Lycaonia and Galatia. AGRIPPA died. LEPIDUS died. TITUS LIVIUS finished his history of Rome. SIMON. AGRIPPA quelled revolts in Gaul and Spain. AUGUSTUS resigned the consul ship. TIBERIUS entered Armenia and made TIGRNES king. TIBERIUS and JULIA married.
Wise Men from the East sought the child JESUS. CAPONIUS was made procurator of Judea and Judea became a province of Rome. TIBERIUS retired to Rhodes. MATTHIAS. Armenia revolted. Judea became a sub-province of Syria. succeeded the same year by JOSEPH.63 7 6 HEROD slew his and MARIAMNE’S sons ALEXANDER and ARISTOBULUS ZACHARIAS was High Priest. WANG MANG became regent in China. ANTIPAS ruler of Galilee and Perea. The Annunciation to MARY in Nazareth. HEROD THE GREAT killed the children of Bethlehem and executed his son ANTIPATER a few days before he died in March at Jericho. but ARCHAELAUS appointed ELEAZAR to the High Priest’s office. Paphlagonia was added to Galatia. HEROD PHILIP ruled Iturea. JOHN THE BAPTIST was born in September to ZACHARIAS and ELISABETH. AUGUSTUS began his 13th consul ship. son of THEOPHILUS. son of ELAM. became High Priest. He was succeeded by HEROD ANTIPAS in Galilee. JULIA was exiled. ANNAS was appointed . ARCHAELAUS was deposed by AUGUSTUS and banished to Vienne in Gaul. 5 4 2 A. became High Priest. son of BOETHUS. ARCHAELAUS was made king of Judea and Samaria. King PHRAATES of Parthia was assassinated. succeeded by PHRAATACES. JESUS CHRIST was born in Bethlehem in April. 1 2 4 6 HEROD PHILIP built Bethsaida. and PHILIP of the northeastern territories.D. HEROD ARCHAELAUS ruled Judea. TIBERIUS returned from Rhodes. TIGRANES II died. JOEZER. Rome was divided into 14 regions.
GUIDERIUS ruled Britain. ANNAS was deposed and ISHMAEL. JESUS. Rome annexed Cappadocia. became High Priest. Revolts in Dalmatia and Pannonia were crushed by TIBERIUS. son of PHIABI. Roman General VARUS invaded Germany. founding the Hsia dynasty. became High Priest. AUGUSTUS died August 19th and TIBERIUS became the sole ruler. ELEAZAR. GERMANICUS CAESAR was poisoned by PISO. GAIUS CALIGULA was born. VESPASIAN was born. GERMANICUS CAESAR triumphed in Germany. age 12. son of KAMITHOS. LIVY died.64 High Priest by QUIRINIUS. The Roman army under VARUS was defeated by ARMINIUS and the German Cherusci in Teutonberg Forest. OVID was banished from Rome. GERMANICUS CAESAR defeated ARMINIUS and the Cherusci. Major earthquake in Asia Minor. ANNIUS RUFUS was made procurator of Judea. son-in-law to ANNAS. became High Priest. Consul ship of TIBERIUS III and GERMANICUS CAESAR. SAUL (PAUL the Apostle) was born in Tarsus. OVID died. became High Priest. VALERIUS GRATUS was made procurator of Judea. DRUSUS LIBO committed suicide. TIBERIUS was made co-regent with AUGUSTUS. 7 8 9 Census in Judea. son of ANNAS. governor of Syria. AMBIVIUS was made procurator of Judea. WANG MANG became Emperor of China. was at the Temple in Jerusalem. governor of Syria. to Westphalia. 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 . SIMON. JOSEPHUS CAIAPHAS.
Consulship of TIBERIUS V and SEJANUS. DRUSUS was poisoned by LUCIUS AELIUS SEJANUS. JESUS began His Galilean ministry. who had betrayed JESUS for 30 pieces of silver. JESUS began His Judean ministry. LIVIA died. JESUS was baptized in the Jordan River by JOHN. traveled to Spain where he established churches. CREMUTIUS CORDUS committed suicide.65 20 21 22 23 25 26 27 28 29 HEROD ANTIPAS founded Tiberias. TIBERIUS withdrew from Rome to Capreae. HEROD’S Temple in Jerusalem was completed. NERO committed suicide. PONTIUS PILATE was appointed procurator of Judea. son of ZEBEDEE. were banished. PTOLEMY succeeded JUBA as king of Mauretania. JAMES. widow and son of GERMANICUS CAESAR. JUDAS ISCARIOT. JESUS began His Perean ministry. hanged himself and falling headlong. HEROD ANTIPAS married HERODIAS. JESUS was crucified. The Day of Pentecost was in June when the Holy Spirit came. TIBERIUS retired to Campania. JOHN THE BAPTIST began his ministry. Buddhism reached China. and all his bowels gushed out. LIU HSIU established the Han dynasty in China. JOHN THE BAPTIST was beheaded by HEROD. buried and resurrected in April. He ascended in May. Consul ship of TIBERIUS IV and his son DRUSUS. JULIA died. PHILIP traveled to Scythia in southern Russia where he ministered for 20 years. AGRIPPINA and NERO. TITIUS SABINUS was executed. BERNICE was born to AGRIPPA I and KYPROS. 30 31 . he burst asunder in the midst. PISO was tried and committed suicide.
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The Church at Jerusalem held a leading position in the Christian community. SIMON PETER went to Antioch, established a church and stayed there for 7 years. HEROD PHILIP died. IGNATIUS was born. PONTIUS PILATE massacred the Samaritans at Mt. Gerizim. ARVI-RAGUS ruled Britain. STEPHEN was stoned to death, becoming the first Christian martyr. SAUL (PAUL the Apostle) was converted on the road to Damascus. MARCELLUS was made procurator of Judea. CAIAPHAS was deposed and JONATHAN, son of ANNAS, was made High Priest. HEROD AGRIPPA I offended TIBERIUS and was imprisoned. PONTIUS PILATE was sent to Rome for misadministration. ARETAS warred against HEROD ANTIPAS. PAUL was at Damascus. The first church in Europe was started in Glastonbury, England by JOSEPH of Arimathea. HERENNIUS CAPITO was procurator of Judea. THEOPHILUS, son of ANNAS, was made High Priest. TIBERIUS died on March 16th and GAIUS CALIGULA ruled as co- consul with TIBERIUS GEMELLUS. CALIGULA killed GEMELLUS. FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS was born. NERO was born. HEROD AGRIPPA I was released from prison and ruled Syria. PAUL fled from Damascus, went to Jerusalem, then to Tarsus. POLEMO II ruled Pontus. COTYS was king of Armenia Minor. DRUSILLA was born to AGRIPPA I and KYPROS. JOSEPH of Arimathea and SIMON ZELOTES went to Avalon in Britain and established a church there. TITUS was born. GAIUS CALIGULA left Rome for Germany. HEROD ANTIPAS was deposed and exiled. CALIGULA attempted to initiate worship of his image in the Jerusalem Temple. IGNATIUS succeeded SIMON PETER at Antioch. GAIUS CALIGULA returned to Rome.
HEROD AGRIPPA I was made king of Judea and Samaria by CLAUDIUS. SIMON KANTHERAS was made High Priest. GAIUS CALIGULA was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard and was succeeded by his uncle, CLAUDIUS, on January 24th. SENECA was exiled to Corsica. PHILO of Alexandria died. Lycia in Asia Minor was made an imperial providence of Rome. AULUS PLAUTIUS of Rome invaded Britain. London was founded. China conquered Annan and Tonkin. PAUL was at Antioch. The disciples of Christ were first called “Christians” at Antioch. SIMON PETER went to Caesarea from Joppa and CORNELIUS was converted. SIMON PETER also ministered in Bithynia, Cappadocia and Galatia. JAMES, son of ZEBEDEE, was beheaded by HEROD ANTIPAS. HEROD AGRIPPA I died, eaten of worms, at age 54. CUSPIUS FADUS was made procurator of Judea. CLAUDIUS was victorious in Britain. PAUL, BARNABAS and JOHN MARK visited Jerusalem from Antioch. JAMES wrote his epistle. MATTHEW went to Persia. Thrace was made a Roman province. PAUL was at Antioch. TIBERIUS JULIUS ALEXANDER was made procurator of Judea. ANANIAS, son of NEBEDAIUS, was made High Priest. PAUL and BARNABAS began their first missionary journey. VENTIDIUS CUMANUS was made procurator of Judea. CLAUDIUS married his niece, AGRIPPINA the Younger. THOMAS, JUDE and BARTHOLOMEW went to India where they ministered in Nisibis, Malebar, Socotora, Camboia and Mogar. They even went to Cataio, Bisnaga and China. PAUL and BARNABAS attended the Council at Jerusalem. MATTHEW wrote his gospel. DOMITIUS NERO, son of AGRIPPINA, was adopted by CLAUDIUS. HEROD III died. HEROD AGRIPPA II ruled Chalcis. A Gothic kingdom was set up on Lower Vistula.
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PAUL and SILAS began a second missionary journey. PAUL met the Gentile physician, LUKE at Troas. BARNABAS and JOHN MARK ministered in Syria and Cilicia. DOMITIAN was born. VESPASIAN was consul. GALLIO was pro- consul of Achaia. The Romans captured CARACTACUS in Britain. PAUL wrote “First Thessalonians” from Corinth. THOMAS was killed in Cranganore, India by Brahmin priests who knocked him to the ground and stuck him through with a lance. GAMALIEL the Pharisee died. CLAUDIUS expelled the Jews from Rome. PAUL wrote “Second Thessalonians” from Corinth. ANTONIUS FELIX was made procurator of Judea. NERO married OCTAVIA. HEROD AGRIPPA II ruled Galilee. DRUSILLA married AZIZUS, king of Emesa. PAUL and SILAS began a third missionary journey. PHILIP, after having ministered in France, was pierced through the thighs and hung upside down on a cross until he died at Heliopolis in Phrygia at the age of 87. CLAUDIUS was poisoned by his wife AGRIPPINA on October 13th. Her son, NERO, became Emperor. Zealot terrorism in Palestine. PAUL was at Ephesus. ISHMAEL, son of PHIABI III, was made High Priest. The revolt of the Egyptian, Acts 21:38. Consulship of NERO and ANISTIUS VETUS. NERO poisoned his brother BRITANNICUS. PAUL ministered at Ephesus. NERO increased the territory of HEROD AGRIPPA II. Caesarea Philippi was renamed “Neronias.” PAUL wrote “First Corinthians” from Ephesus, “Second Corinthians” from Macedonia, and “Galatians” from Corinth. PAUL wrote “Romans” from Corinth. PAUL was arrested at Jerusalem and sent to Caesarea. Buddhism was endorsed by Emperor MING-TI of China. Roman General CORBULO invaded Armenia and captured Artaxata.
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PAUL was tried before ANTONIUS FELIX at Caesarea. CORBULO took Tigranocerta. NERO introduced Greek games in Rome. PAUL was tried before FESTUS in Caesarea. After having ministered in Persia, Egypt and Ethiopia, MATTHEW was slain with a halberd in Egypt. PAUL, sent as a prisoner to Rome, was shipwrecked on Malta. LUKE wrote his gospel. SIMON ZELOTES returned to Britain after having ministered through Egypt, Cyrene, North Africa, Carthage, Martonia, Lybia and Spain. NERO killed his mother, AGRIPPINA. Puteoli was made a Roman colony. CORBULO became governor of Syria. PAUL arrived at Rome. PORCIUS FESTUS was procurator of Judea. JOSEPH QABI was made High Priest. LUKE wrote “Acts”. BOUDICCA, queen of the Iceni in Britain, led a revolt against the Romans, but was killed by SUETONIUS PAULINUS. Galilee and Perea were added to HEROD’S kingdom. PAUL, at Rome, wrote “Philemon”, “Colossians”, “Ephesians” and “Philippians.” ANANUS was made High Priest and had JAMES, brother of Jesus, cast from a pinnacle of the Temple, showered with stones and finally his skull smashed and his brains beaten out with a fuller’s club. He was buried on the Mount of Olives.. BURRUS died. SENECA fell. NERO divorced OCTAVIA and married POPPAEA SABINA. OCTAVIA was banished and killed by NERO. LUCCEIUS ALBINUS was made procurator of Judea. PAUL was released from prison at Rome and went to Macedonia and Asia Minor, writing “First Timothy” from Macedonia and “Titus” from Ephesus. JOSHUA, son of GAMALIEL, was made High Priest. Rome annexed Pontus in Asia Minor. CLAUDIA was born to NERO and POPPAEA. TYRIDATES founded the Arsacid dynasty in Armenia.
probably by PAUL. PETER wrote “First Peter” from Babylon. After having ministered with ANDREW in Armenia. died after being beaten with clubs. VESPASIAN attacked Jerusalem. JOHN MARK went to Venice and to Alexandria. son of SAMUEL. was made High Priest. NERO married STATILIA MESSALINA and executed RUFUS and PROCULUS. CORBULO was ordered to commit suicide. flayed alive and crucified in Armenia by the priests of Albanus. BARTHOLOMEW. the apostle who took JUDAS’ place. MATTHIAS. PAUL traveled from Spain to Asia Minor. A great fire burned Rome on July 19th. The philosopher SENECA committed suicide at NERO’S orders. was made High Priest. resulting in the Jewish War. JUDE wrote his epistle. Egypt. returned to Jerusalem where he was stoned and beheaded. He retired to Cyprus where he died (again). NERO began work on the Corinth canal. Masada on the Dead Sea was captured by the Jews. led by ASTYAGES. MATTHIAS. son of THEOPHILUS. Egypt on Easter. JOHN MARK was dragged to death through the streets of Alexandria. Riots in Caesarea and Jerusalem. The zealot JOHN of Gischala terrorized Palestine. LAZARUS of Bethany ministered in Citium in Cyprus for 30 years. HEBREWS was written. PAUL was imprisoned in Rome and wrote “Second Timothy” shortly before he was beheaded in May by NERO. POPPAEA died. JOSEPHUS was taken prisoner. PETRONIUS died. NERO committed suicide on June 9th and 65 66 67 68 . The conspiracy of PISO. JOHN MARK wrote his gospel. NERO persecuted the Christians. the king’s brother. then traveled to Marseilles in Gaul where he spent 7 more years and also visited Britain. PHINNIAS. PAUL was in Spain and Britain. GESSIUS FLORUS was made procurator of Judea. VESPASIAN was made legate in Judea. PETER wrote “Second Peter” and was crucified by NERO. where he founded a church. after having ministered in India with THOMAS and JUDE and with PHILIP at Hierapolis.70 64 PAUL visited Spain. VESPASIAN and his son TITUS led the Roman armies in Judea.
GALBA was murdered by OTHO in January. Macedonia and Patros. Edessa and northern Persia. Censorship of VESPASIAN and TITUS. VESPASIAN began building the Roman Coliseum. ANTIOCHUS IV was deposed. establishing churches in Scythia. Greece by being hanged on an olive tree by the idolatrous priests. VITELLIUS was murdered on December 22nd and TITUS FLAVIUS VESPASIAN became ruler. After ministering in Syria. JOSEPHUS wrote his “History of the Jewish War. TITUS. JUDE (THADDAEUS) was killed with a halberd at Edessa and was buried at Kara Kelesia. to the Scythians in South Russia around the Black Sea. Greece was made a senatorial province. 70 71 72 73 74 75 . founding the Flavian dynasty. Byzantium. with 80. MASADA fell to the Romans on April 15th. LUKE. BARNABAS was killed by the Jews in Salamis on Cyprus. Greece. The Senate declared OTHO Emperor on April 16th. his son. hanging there for three days before he died on the last day of November. Media and Armenia were invaded by the Alani. SIMON ZELOTES was sawn asunder in Persia. Asia Minor was added to Cappadocia. was crucified at Patros. Thrace. ANDREW was crucified at Achaia on a cross in the form of an “X”. HEROD AGRIPPA II and BERNICE moved to Rome. Judea was detached from Syria and made a separate Roman province.000 men.71 was succeeded by GALBA. After having ministered in the foothills of the Caucasis mountains. Jewish revolts in Egypt and Cyrene. All astrologers and philosophers were banished from Rome. OTHO committed suicide and was succeeded by AULUS VITELLIUS. VESPASIAN arrived at Rome. 700 Jewish prisoners were taken to Rome. who had been ministering with ANDREW.” 69 POLYCARP was born. HORDEONIUS FLACCUS was murdered. captured and destroyed Jerusalem in August.
Revolt in Mainz. Persecution of senators. The Pataline palaces were completed. ANTONIUS SATURNINUS of Germany rebelled. II John and III John. ELDER PLINY died. TITUS dedicated the Roman Coliseum. 83 85 86 88 89 90 92 93 . TITUS died.. The conspiracy of CAECINA ALIENUS and MARCELLUS. The inauguration of the Capitoline Games. Vesuvius erupted. succeeded by his brother DOMINTIAN. Rome was burned again. TITUS. AGRICOLA was recalled from Britain. The Romans invaded southwest Germany and defeated the Chatti. began to appear. JOHN wrote I John. “Targums”.72 76 77 78 79 80 81 JOSEPH of Ariamathea died in Britain and was buried at Glastonbury. Jewish rabbis gathered at Jamnia to establish the Jewish canon of Scripture. Aramaic versions of the Old Testament. AGRICOLA died. Mt. The trial of BAEBIUS MASSA. destroying Pompeii and Herculaneum. Roman General CNEIUS JULIUS AGRICOLA became governor in Britain. JOHN wrote his Gospel. The first Dacian War. CLEMENT I was bishop of Rome. DOMITIAN began his persecution of Christians. MARCOMANNI and QUADI of Bohemia defeated DOMITIAN in the second Dacian War. The third Dacian War began. VESPASIAN died. son of VESPASIAN and FLAVIA DOMITILLA. The Arch of Titus was erected. succeeded by his son.
succeeded by his adopted son. POLYCARP was baptized by JOHN on December 25th. IGNATIUS. DOMITIAN was stabbed by STEPHANUS in September and MARCUS COCCEIUS NERVA became Emperor. died. 96 97 98 99 100 101 103 106 107 110 . Samaria. elder of Ephesus. TIMOTHY reproved the pagans of Ephesus for their idolatry.. bishop of Antioch. TRAJAN campaigned against Dacia (Rumania). and TRAJAN had him thrown to the lions in Syria. DECEBALUS committed suicide. HEROD AGRIPPA II died. JOHN was released from exile on Patmos by NERVA and returned to Ephesus. JOHN was banished from Ephesus to Patmos by DOMITIAN where he wrote “Revelation”. He died two days later from the beating. was composed. The Jews refused to pay the tax levied by DOMITIAN. POLYCARP. CLEMENT wrote his first epistle to the Corinthian church from Rome. MARCUS ULPIUS TRAIANUS TRAJAN. Josephus’ “Antiquities” was published. NERVA died.73 94 95 Roman persecution of Jewish and Christians. TIMOTHY ministered at Ephesus. ARRIAN was born. JOHN the Apostle died at Ephesus on September 26th. The kingdom of the Nabateans ended. causing them to fall upon him with clubs and beat him. wrote to the Philippians. KANISHKA. TRAJAN arrived in Rome and built the Forum of Trajan. The book “Bhagavad Gita”. Gloucester was founded. wrote seven letters to churches. All philosophers were expelled from Italy. During his banishment. ruler of the Kushan dynasty in India. The Negev was annexed by the Romans. JUSTIN MARTYR was born at Neapolis. which influenced Hinduism. CLEMENT wrote his second epistle to the Corinthian church.
The consulship of ANTONIUS. Egypt. The second Moorish revolt. succeeded by his cousin. JUSTIN MARTYR was converted to Christianity.74 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 119 120 121 122 124 126 129 130 131 132 133 PLINY the Younger was governor in Bithynia. TRAJAN launched a war in Parthia. HADRIAN made a second tour of the provinces. Assyria was made a province of Rome. The first organized persecution of Christians. but were repressed by TRAJAN. SALVIUS JULIANUS formulated the “Praetor’s Edict” which became the sole source of Roman law. The Jews.000 in Cyprus. under the leadership of ARTEMIA. HADRIAN visited Britain and Hadrian’s Wall was built across northern England. PUBLIUS AELIUS HADRIAN. The Jews in Egypt and Cyprus revolted. BASILIDES became the religious leader in Alexandria. The second Jewish War began. Armenia and Mesopotamia were annexed by TRAJAN. massacred 220. PLUTARCH died. PLINY wrote TRAJAN for advice on how to deal with Christians. . TRAJAN died. The Greek physician GALEN was born. PLINY died.000 Greeks in Cyrene and 240. Another Jewish uprising led by SIMON BEN KOCHBA liberated Judea He presented himself as the Messiah. HADRIAN founded Antinopolis. HADRIAN toured the provinces. BAR KOKHBA led a Jewish uprising. Christian persecution in Syria. The Pantheon was built at Rome. The Jews in Cyrene revolted.
bishop of Antioch. Jewish history ended. POLYCARP. The Arch of Hadrian was built in Athens. MARCION formed the first New Testament canon. of which TERTULLAN was a member. ANTONINUS was proconsul of Asia. MARCION founded the Marcionite church in Asia Minor.75 134 135 Parthia was invaded by the Alani. HADRIAN died. The great plague in Rome. QUINTUS SEPTIMUS FLORENS TERTULLIANUS was born at Carthage. POLYCARP organized the Partus church at the foot of the Tiber. Jerusalem was razed and the Jews dispersed. and the New Testament good one to redeem. CLEMENT was born in Athens. Egypt. The Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus was erected on the Temple site with an equestrian statue of Emperor HADRIAN. TATIAN authored “The Diatessaron. THEOPHILUS. succeeded by ANTONIUS PIUS. bishop of Smyrna. A Latin translation of the Bible was made from a Greek version. first made use of the word “Trinity.” a harmony of the four gospels. MARCION left Pontus for Rome and founded the Gnostic church with two “gods”. MARCUS AURELIUS began his reign as emperor. Jerusalem was renamed “Aelia Capitolina” and made a Roman colony. which included only ten of Paul’s epistles.” HERMAS wrote “The Shepherd of Hermas. was stabbed and burned at the stake. the Old Testament evil one. The Pantheon was rebuilt.” JUSTIN MARTYR wrote “The Apology” to the Emperor. JUSTIN MARTYR was killed in Rome. The Christian heresy of Montanism emerged in Phrygia. 138 140 144 150 155 160 161 164 165 . with LUCIUS AURELIUS VERUS as co-emperor to 169. The “Epistle of Barnabas” was written at Alexandria.
2nd Peter. 184 185 189 190 192 193 194 195 . The revolt of the Yellow Turbans against the eunuchs of China. professor of Athens. DIDIUS SEVERUS JULIANUS ruled Rome. PRAXEAS visited Rome from Asia to prevent the recognition of the Montanists by the Roman bishop. James. Hebrews and Revelation were still being considered. VICTOR I became pastor of the Rome church. The Romans were defeated in Scotland. succeeded by PUBLIUS HELVIUS PERTINAX. pastor at Lyons. CYPRIAN was born at Carthage. POTHINUS. ORIGINES ADAMANTIUS (ORIGEN) was born. ATHENAGORAS. Egypt and wrote “Address.” MARCUS AURELIUS died at Vienna. who was murdered by a Praetorian Guard. LUCIAN wrote a satire on Christians and their faith. followed by LUCIUS SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS.” The Church of St. IRENAEUS succeeded POTHINUS as bishop of Gaul. COMMODUS was murdered. succeeded by LUCIUS COMMODUS. The New Testament canon was substantially completed. Peter-Upon-Cornhill was founded in London. VICTOR I. CLEMENT succeeded PANTAENUS at the school at Alexandria. 2nd & 3rd John. at Issus. Jude.” HSIEN became emperor of China. Twenty New Testament books were accepted as canonical. was martyred.76 167 170 175 177 179 180 The Wars of the Marcomanni and Quadi. wrote “Supplication for the Christians. PESCENNIUS NIGER. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS defeated and killed his rival. THEOPHILUS of Antioch wrote “Apology to Autolycus.
Afghanistan was invaded by the Huns.” SABELLIUS formulated a false doctrine of the Trinity. stating the Doctrine of the Trinity. denying separate personalities. VICTOR I was killed. the “Gemara” was added. 201 202 203 208 211 212 213 215 . CLEMENT died. to become the Palestinian “Talmud. ZEPHYRINUS succeeded VICTOR I as bishop of Rome. there were not three persons in the Godhead. at the age of 18. to 198. ruled Rome. SEVERUS campaigned in Britain and repaired the Hadrian Wall. Rabbi JEHUDAH HA-NASI compiled the “Mishnah. was martyred. ORIGINES ADAMANTIUS (ORIGEN) succeeded CLEMENT at the school at Alexandria. teaching that the trinity was a manifestation of forms rather than of essence. at Lyons. SEVERUS died at York and CARACALLA. TERTULLIAN joined the Montanists. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS won the Parthian War and reorganized Mesopotamia. TERTULLION was converted to Christianity and wrote “Apologeticus. serving to 231. TERTULLIAN defended the Montanists. IRENAEUS of Lyons was beheaded. LEONIDES. CLEMENT of Alexandria fled. father of ORIGEN. All free men in the Roman Empire were granted Roman citizenship. SEPTIMIUS ALBINUS. TERTULLIAN wrote “Adversus Praxean”.” SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS killed his rival.77 196 197 198 199 200 CARACALLA became co-emperor of Rome with SEVERUS. his son.” Later. called “Sabellianism”. but three manifestations.
URBAN I became bishop of Rome. 237 . The Sassanid dynasty founded a new Persian empire under ARDASHIR I. The Andgra dynasty in India ended as the Satakani empire collapsed. who succeeded him in Rome. URBAN I. SEVERUS ALEXANDER was assassinated by his troops and was succeeded by anarchist MAXIMINUS THRAX. bishop of Rome. bishop of Rome. bishop of Antioch. ORIGEN was ordained a presbyter in Palestine by ALEXANDER of Jerusalem and THEOCTISTUS of Caesarea. ORIGEN founded a school at Caesarea. Bishops HIPPOLYTUS and PONTIANUS were transported to Sardinia where they died in the mines. CALIXTUS succeeded ZEPHYRINUS as bishop of Rome. TERTULLIAN died.” The earliest known public churches were built. ORIGEN wrote “De Principus. The Goths invaded Asia Minor and the Balkans. ORIGEN was condemned by DEMETRIUS at the Council of Alexandria. CALIXTUS. priest of the Syrian sun god at Emesa. AVITUS (HELIOGABALUS). was martyred. CARACALLA was slain by MARCINUS. DIOYSIUS succeeded ORIGEN as head of the Alexandrian school. The Parthian kingdom ended. ZEBINUS. was born in Persia.78 216 217 218 219 220 222 224 225 226 228 230 231 232 235 CARACALLA annexed Armenia. MARCINUS DIED. MANI. was made Emperor of Rome. was martyred. died and was succeeded by BABYLAS. The Han dynasty ended in China. founder of Manichacism.
” GALLUS was killed by his troops and MARCUS AEMILIUS AEMILIANUS ruled Rome. China seized northern Korea. MANES the Persian founded the Manichaeism religion in Persia. CYPRIAN. DECIUS issued an edict demanding annual sacrifice on Roman altars to the Emperor. C. was martyred. became a Christian. calling them “Anabaptists. STEPHEN. the Septuagint and a transliteration. The German Alani defeated GORDIAN near Philippopolis and settled in Thrace. were coemperors of Rome until GALLUS killed HOSTILIANUS. 241 242 243 244 246 247 248 249 250 251 253 . a disciple of TERTULLIAN. bishop of Rome. SHAPUR I ruled Persia. PHILIPPUS was killed in battle and GAIUS MESSIUS QUINTUS DECIUS ruled Rome. The Goths raided across the Danube River.” a 6-column compilation of the Hebrew Old Testament and five Greek Translations: Aquila. Symmachus. PLOTINUS developed the religion of Neoplatonism and founded a school in Rome.79 238 240 MAXIMINUS was assassinated by his troops and was succeeded by GORDIAN III. FURIUS TIMESITHEUS drove the Persian forces from Antioch. FABIAN. SHAPUR I invaded Mesopotamia and started a war with Rome. VIBIUS AFINIUS TREBONIANUS GALLUS and HOSTILIANUS. PHILIPPUS the Arabian killed GORDIAN and ruled Rome. The Romans defeated the Persians in Mesopotamia. Persecution of Christians was general and violent. CYPRIAN became bishop of Carthage. CYPRIAN became bishop over north Africa. DECIUS ordered sacrifices to idols in the Temple of Ephesus and was killed in Dacia. excommunicated the bishops of Asia Minor. Theodorion. son of DECIUS. ORIGEN composed the “Hexapla. bishop of Rome.
259 260 261 263 267 268 270 272 273 . the church’s first real historian. PAUL of Samosata was bishop of Antioch and became Father of the Paulicians. SHAPUR I of Persia captured Emperor VALERIANUS in battle.80 followed by co-emperors PUBLIUS LICINIUS VALERIANUS and his son. Goths and Alamanni advanced into the Roman Empire. GALLIENIUS ruled Rome. Christians were commanded to conform to the state religion in Rome. Emperor VALERIANUS issued a decree to put all Christian clergy in Rome to death. GALLIENIUS. Palmyra fell to Rome. who declared independence from Rome. ODENATHUS of Palmyra died. succeeded by Queen ZENOBIA. He died in captivity and GALLIENIUS became sole ruler. MACRIANUS ruled Rome with QUIETUS as co-emperor. The Franks. ODENATHUS of Palmyra defeated Syria and took Mesopotamia from Rome. EUSEBIUS. GALLIENUS was killed by his troops and MARCUS AURELIUS CLAUDIUS II ruled Rome. CYPRIAN of Carthage and SEXTUS of Rome were martyred by STEPHEN I of Rome for rebaptizing. 254 256 257 258 ORIGEN died from torture in Alexandria. The Council of Laodicea ordered a reciting of the creed at baptism. followed by AURELIAN. The Goths invaded the Black Sea area and the Franks invaded Spain. CLAUDIUS II died of the plague and QUINTILLIUS ruled Rome. Famine in Egypt. AURELIAN seized ZENOBIA and destroyed Palmyra. was born. The Goths invaded Greece. ZENOBIA invaded Egypt.
CONSTANTIUS was Caesar of the West. CONSTANTIUS was Caesar of Britain. was martyred by AURELIAN. DIOCLETIAN crushed a revolt in Egypt. CARINUS was killed by his troops in Moravia and DIOCLETIAN ended the dyarchy and began a monarchy in Rome. DIOCLETIAN issued a decree condemning Christianity.81 274 275 276 282 283 284 285 FELIX. CARAUSIUS was defeated by ALLECTUS. MARCUS AURELIUS CARAUSIUS proclaimed himself emperor of Britain. His sons NUMERIAN and CARINUS ruled Rome as co-emperors. The Theban Legion was formed. Gaul and Spain. bishop of Rome. Armenian king TIRIDATES III was converted to Christianity. DIOCLETIAN was Emperor of the East. NUMERIAN was murdered and GAIUS AURELIUS VALERIUS DIOCLETIANUS ruled Rome. MARCUS AURELIUS VALERIUS MAXIMIANUS was made co-emperor by DIOCLETIAN. who claimed Britain. CARUS died. He was murdered and was succeeded by PROBUS. The Romans took Armenia from the Persians. CONSTANTIUS ended the revolt in Britain. ATHANASIUS was born. NARSES of Persia drove GALERIUS from Mesopotamia. TACITUS was killed by his troops and FLORIAN ruled Rome. AURELIAN was murdered and TACITUS ruled Rome. NUMERIAN over the East and CARINUS over the West. GALERIUS was Caesar of the East. PROBUS was killed by his troops and MARCUS AURELIUS CARUS ruled Rome. The title of “Pope” was first applied to the bishop of Rome. 286 293 294 296 297 .
deposition of officers. The basilica of St. 305 306 307 308 310 311 . Rome had six emperors. The Donatists separated themselves from the growing apostasy. MAXIMIAN died. about 10. MAXIMIAN again ruled Rome. destruction of churches. execution by the sword or wild beasts. VALERIUS LICINIANUS LICINIUS was emperor. LICINIUS was made emperor by GALERIUS. bishop of Alexandria. was martyred. MAXENTIUS ruled Rome. They were punished by loss of property. He ordered cessation of meetings. GALERIUS died. DIOCLETIAN and MAXIMIAN abdicated and retired. missionary to the Goths. John Lateran was built in Rome. ULFILAS. He agreed to be Caesar to FLAVIUS VALERIUS SEVERUS. The Council of Elvira met. son of MAXIMIAN. was martyred. was born. imprisonment. GALERIUS and CONSTANTIUS succeeded them in Rome. killed SEVERUS. bishop of Rome. Many were sent to labor camps where they were worked to death in the mines. Multitudes perished. DIOCLETIAN issued an edict for the persecution of Christians.82 301 302 303 The See of Etchmiadzin (root of the Armenian church) was organized by GREGORY. CONSTANTIUS died and the army proclaimed his son CONSTANTINUS I (CONSTANTINE the Great) emperor of Rome. MARCELLUS. imprisonment of believers and destruction of the Scriptures. was martyred. Writing material was changed from papyrus to parchment.000 of these in Britain. exile. QUIRINUS. bishop of Siscia. GALERIUS issued an Edict tolerating Christianity. MAXENTIUS. PETER.
Christian slaves were freed. The Council of Nicaea with 318 bishops present was called by CONSTANTINE. The Doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration was established.83 312 313 CONSTANTINE’S vision of a fiery red cross in the sky began the Imperial Age. CONSTANTINE issued the Edict of Milan.” EUSEBIUS completed “Ecclesiastical History. 18th. PACHOMIUS founded Monasticism at Tabennisi in Egypt. The Nicene Creed was 314 315 316 317 320 321 323 324 325 . LICINIUS became co-emperor with CONSTANTINE. was born in Hungary. granting freedom of religious worship and restoring Christians’ property. Pope SYLVESTER I consecrated the Basilica of St. The Roman Empire was divided by the Roman Senate. CONSTANTINE ruled against the Donatists and closed their churches. Christian clergy were exempted from the military and from taxation. The Council of Eliberias was held in Spain. was the capital of the East. CHANDRUGUPTA I founded the Gupta dynasty in India. patron saint of France. MARTIN of Tours. CONSTANTINE declared Sunday “a day of rest. Rome was the capital of the West. Old Byzantium. The Council of Bishops at Arles condemned the Donatist position on sacraments and recognized Rome’s primacy in the Christian church. The first civil observance of Sunday. The Arian controversy was arbitrated and the Deity of Christ was settled. CONSTANTINE made conversion from Christianity to Judaism a penal offense. CONSTANTINE defeated MAXENTIUS at the Milvian Bridge.” CONSTANTINE conquered LICINIUS and became the sole emperor of Rome. Paul’s Without-theWall on Nov. Death by crucifixion was abolished by CONSTANTINE. renamed Constantinople. Peter and St. The Chin dynasty came to power in China.
was born. CONSTANTINE died May 22nd at age 66. The Trinity was established as: God the Father.” ATHANASIUS became bishop of Alexandria in Egypt. who became bishop of Milan. EUSEBIUS died. 326 328 HELENA. The Vatican Manuscript was produced. The Sinaitic Manuscript was produced. succeeded by his three sons. Sunday was established as the day of worship. The Quartodecimans disputed the date of Easter. mother of CONSTANTINE. ULFILAS became bishop of the Goths. AMBROSE. The Church of the Nativity was built in Bethlehem. ATHANASIUS introduced monasticism to Christendom. SOPHRONIUS EUSEBIUS HIERONYMUS (JEROME) was born in Stridon. The Jewish calendar was improved. BASIL. ATHANASIUS retired as bishop of Alexandria and was replaced by ARIUS. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was born in Antioch. SHAPUR II of Persia defeated the Roman forces. and Messiah their Son. was born. The Apostles’ Creed first appeared in Rome. The seat of the Roman Empire was moved from Rome to Constantinople. holding its celebration on the same day the Jews observed Passover. 329 330 336 337 338 340 341 345 347 . who became bishop of Caesarea and Archbishop of all Cappadocia. EUSEBIUS persuaded CONSTANTINE to recall ARIUS from exile. visited Palestine and “found the true cross. Syria. Christmas on December 25th was converted to a Christian holy day. A fixed date was set for the observance of Easter. CONSTANS in Italy. CONSTANTINE II was killed by CONSTANS. the Virgin Mary.84 presented. CONSTANTIUS II in the East. CONSTANTINE II in the West.
A peace treaty was signed between Rome and the invading Gauls. CONSTANTIUS II died. JULIAN revoked permission to the Jews to build their temple. The Huns invaded Europe. AUGUSTINUS AURELIUS (AUGUSTINE) was born to PATRICUS AUGUSTINUS and MONICA on Nov. North Africa. was baptized on the Emperor’s order. The first record of infant baptism. living in a mountain cave. as Emperor VALENS’ son. wrote his 39th Festal Letter and listed the present 27 New Testament books we now have.85 350 CYRIL became bishop of Jerusalem. GALATES. succeeded by JULIAN as emperor. ANTHONY died. ULFILAS translated the Bible into Gothic for the Goths. GRATIAN became co-emperor with his father. JEROME was baptized. JOVIAN died. JULIAN rebelled against CONSTANTIUS II and gave the Jews permission to rebuild their Jerusalem Temple. bishop of Alexandria. Scrolls were replaced by bound books. ATHANASIUS. VALENS persecuted the Athanasians. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was baptized and became a monk. CONSTANS was killed by FLAVIUS MAGNUS MAGNENTIUS and CONSTANTIUS II became sole emperor. Christmas was adopted as a Christian festival. BASIL the 354 356 360 361 363 364 366 367 368 369 370 . JULIAN attempted to make Neoplatonism the religion of the empire. 13th in Tagaste (Algeria). CONSTANTIUS II made JULIAN the Apostate Caesar. succeeded by VALENTINIAN I in the West and his brother VALENS in the East. Persia regained Armenia from Rome. VALENTINIAN I. DAMASCUS won the Roman bishopric over URSINUS. THEODOSIUS drove the Picts and Scots from Britain.
The Pope of Rome fell heir to two keys from the pagan divinities JANUS and CYBELE and became the Supreme Pontiff of the Babylonian Order. JEROME became secretary to DAMASCUS. In India. bishop of Rome. SAMUDRAGUPTA died. succeeded by CHANDRAGUPTA II. AMPHILOCIUS of Iconium produced the earliest list to correspond exactly to our New Testament in both order and content. 371 373 374 375 War between Rome and Persia. with VALENTINIAN II. The true deity of Christ was made an article of Christian faith. ATHANASIUS died at Alexandria at age 78. became bishop of Caesarea. 376 378 379 380 381 382 . The Council of Constantinople. and declared the Montanists as pagans. The Huns invaded Russia. VALENTINIAN I died and his son GRATIAN ruled as emperor of the West. The Council of Saragossa prohibited reservation of the Eucharist. AMBROSE became bishop of Milan and introduced the singing of hymns. VALENS died at the Battle of Adrianople against the Huns and THEODOSIUS the Great became joint emperor with GRATIAN. one of the Cappadocian Fathers. ULFILAS began his work among the Gauls. established the worship of the Virgin Mary as the Mother of God.86 Great. his half-brother. The Edict of THEODOSIUS I made Christianity the exclusive religion in the Roman Empire. JEROME was ordained. called by THEODOSIUS to deal with Arianism. BASIL the Great died. JEROME had a vision at Antioch. The “Dark Ages” began. The Goths were overrun by the Huns. AUGUSTINE went to Rome to teach. SHAPUR II of Persia died. was attended by 150 bishops. They asserted the personality of the Holy Spirit.
The Egyptian ATERBIUS went to Jerusalem and attacked JEROME and RUFINUS as Origenists. 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 . Famine in Rome. THEODOSIUS killed MAGNUS. Christianity was recognized as the official and only religion of the Roman state. The Romans evacuated Britain.” AUGUSTINE went to Milan to teach. SIRICIUS claimed universal jurisdiction and formally adopted the title of “Pope. MAGNUS forced VALENTINIAN II from Italy. THEODOSIUS killed EUGENIUS and became sole ruler of Rome. AUGUSTINE was baptized on Easter Sunday by AMBROSE in Milan. emperor of the West. AUGUSTINE ministered in Hippo. TATARS established the Wei dynasty in China.87 383 THEODORE of Mopsuestia was ordained a presbyter in Antioch. ULFILAS died. ARBOGAST killed VALENTINIAN II. JEROME translated the New Testament from Hebrew to Latin. Paul was enlarged in Rome. bishop of Cyprus. EPIPHANIUS. PATRICK was born. DAMASCUS died. The Basilica of St. THEODORE was bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia. went to Jerusalem to crush Origenism. The Council of Hippo accepted the Old Testament as canonical. Hymn singing was introduced by AMBROSE of Milan. siezed Gaul and killed GRATIAN. GREGORY of Nanzianzen died. THEODOSIUS massacred the Thessalonicans after a revolt. AUGUSTINE was converted to Christianity. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was ordained a priest. JEROME was commissioned to make a Latin Bible. a work which was completed in 404. MAXIMUS. Roman dominion of Christianity split.
Roman troops abandoned Britain. TELLESTMAN went from the Turan church in Italy and organized a church at Pontifossi at the foot of the Alps in France. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was condemned on false charges. JEROME completed the Latin Vulgate. INNOCENT I was bishop of Rome. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was made Patriarch of Constantinople. 400 401 403 404 406 407 408 409 410 . ALARIC and the Visigoths invaded Italy. Roman rule in Britain ended. AMBROSE died. AVARS established the first Mongolian empire. The Council of Carthage confirmed the New Testament canon. 396 397 398 AUGUSTINE became bishop of Hippo in North Africa. Emperor HONORIUS and Bishop ANASTASIUS of Rome both condemned Origenism.88 THEODOSIUS died. The Roman Catholic Church began its rule as Rome was sacked by ALARIC and his Visigoths. ARCADIUS became emperor of the East and HONORIUS became emperor of the West. Man-against-man games were prohibited in Rome. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM died in exile. THEODOSIUS II ruled the East. The Burgundian kingdom of Worms was founded. Persia permitted Christians freedom of worship. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM was banished by Empress EUDOXIA. The Suevi established a kingdom in Spain. The first records of Japanese history. MARTIN of Tours died. The Visigoths were expelled from Greece by the Vandals. ALARIC invaded Italy and besieged Rome. as they adopted Chinese writing.
Rabbi GAMALIEL. CONSTANTIUS III became co-emperor of the West. last president of the Sanhedrin. died. on the “Mother of God” issue. The Visigoths invaded Spain and drove out the Vandals. AUGUSTINE died at the hands of the Vandals on Aug. NESTORIUS became Patriarch of Constantinople. The Council of Carthage met. The Mongol kingdom was established in Spain. CYRIL became Patriarch of Alexandria. 28th. Only Christians were allowed to serve in the Roman army. HONORIUS died at Ravenna and JOHANNES became emperor. AUGUSTINE baptized new-born infants in Africa. THEODORIC I became king of the Visigoths. ATAULF became leader of the Visigoths. ALARIC died in Italy. Rome warred with Persia.89 411 412 414 416 AUGUSTINE wrote “The City of God. GENSERIC led the Vandals to overrun Africa and set up a 100year kingdom. Pope CELESTINE I asserted papal supremacy. The Chin dynasty ended and the Sung dynasty began in China. Pope INNOCENT I introduced Infant Communion. 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 425 426 428 429 430 . NESTORIUS was ordered to recant by CELESTINE.” THEODOSIUS II ordered the Donatist bishops of Africa and the Catholic bishops of Carthage to a conference. PELAGIUS was excommunicated. bishop of Rome. JOHANNES was killed by his troops and VALENTINIAN III became emperor of the West. An African Council was held at Mela. Infant baptism became compulsory. JEROME died.
without change. The Vandals in Africa took Carthage. The Huns destroyed Worms. without separation. called by THEODOSIUS II and VALENTINAN III and attended by 250 bishops. without division. approved the New Testament. The Doctrine of Mariolatry was adopted. Jutish leaders HENGIST and HORSA invaded Kent in Britain. MARY. The last Roman troops left Britain. MEROVECH. assumed the title of “Pope” and attacked the Manichaean heresy. established a Merovingian dynasty.” LEO the Great declared Roman primacy. The Basilica of St. without confusion. to 461.” PATRICK went to Ireland and worked among the Celts for 29 years. ATTILA ruled the Huns. was first declared “The Mother of God. Maria Maggiore was built in Rome. The Council of Chalcedon. king of the Salian Franks.90 431 The Council of Ephesus. 432 433 436 438 439 440 443 444 448 449 450 451 . LEO I became bishop of Rome. succeeded by DIOSCURUS. having two natures. CYRIL. asserting that “Christ was complete in Godhead and complete in manhood. The Council of Ephesus debated the two natures of Christ. GAISERIC established a monarchy in Africa. with 630 bishops present. over the opposition of NESTORIUS. Patriarch of Alexandria. THEODOSIUS II died. The two natures of Christ and their relationship one to the other were settled. died. emphasized the unity of Christ’s personality. AETIUS defeated the Visigoths. THEODOSIUS II compiled the Theodosian Code of Civil Law for the Roman Empire. succeeded by his brother-in-law MARCIAN as emperor of the East. truly God and truly man.
LEO II died and ZENO became emperor of the East. became the last Roman emperor of the West. were driven back at the Battle of Chalons in Gaul. The Huns withdrew from Europe. led by ATTILA the Hun. ATILLA the Hun died after a drunken debauch.91 The Mongols. MAJORIAN became emperor of the West and MARCIAN was emperor of the East. succeeded by PETRONIUS and AVITUS. CHILDERIC I was king of the Franks. 452 453 454 455 456 457 460 461 466 467 470 471 472 473 474 475 ATILLA invaded Italy. EURIC the Visigoth murdered his brother THEODORIC II and became king of Toulouse. OLYBRIUS became emperor of the West. . SEVERUS ruled the West. succeeded by JULIUS NEPOS. The Jutes. ANTHEMIUS became emperor of the West. GLYCERIUS became emperor of the West. The Ostrogoths settled western Hungary (Pannonia). Pope LEO I died. The Vandals sacked Rome. VALENTINIAN III died. Angles and Saxons settled in Britain. Cologne was captured by the Franks. ROMULUS AUGUSTULUS. LEO I was emperor of the East. PATRICK of Ireland died on March 17th and was buried at Downpatrick in Northern Ireland. Lyons became the capital of Burgundy. SKANDAGUPTA was emperor of India. son of JULIUS NEPOS. Venice was founded. THEODORIC the Great became king of the Ostrogoths and invaded the Balkans.
CLOVIS. king of the Franks. BENEDICT of Nursia. FERGUS was crowned first king of Argyle. The German. succeeded by THRASAMUND. unifying the Franks in Modern France. Vandal king GUNTHAMUND died. Bulgarians settled northeast of the Danube River. ZENO was succeeded by ANASTASIUS as emperor of the East. Division came between the Western and Eastern churches as the Roman Pope excommunicated Patriarch ACACIUS of Constantinople. king of the Vandals.92 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 484 486 487 491 492 493 496 The Western Roman Empire ended and the Kingdom of Italy was set up on Aug. Religious freedom was established in Armenia. The Sung dynasty ended the the Ch’i dynasty ruled China. 498 . The Armenian Church separated from both Byzantium and Rome. HUNNERIC. THEODORIC founded the Ostrogoth kingdom in Italy. THEODORIC began his conquest of Italy and threatened Constantinople. bishop of Rheims. The Sussex kingdom was founded. SYMMACHUS became Pope. founder of the Benedictines. persecuted the Catholics. CLOVIS became king of the Franks. SHINTOISM began in Japan. The “Middle Ages” began. 23rd. GELASIUS of Africa became Pope. Vandal king HUNNERIC died. was converted to Christianity and was baptized by REMIGIUS. ODOACER became king. CLOVIS defeated the Romans at Soissons. was born.
CLOVIS annexed the Visigoth kingdom of Toulouse. ANASTASIUS I built the Anastasian Wall from the Black SEa to the Sea of Marmara. The first record of infant baptism in Spain. The Synod of Orange accepted AUGUSTINE’S view of salvation.” King THEODORIC the Great of Italy died. CLOVIS died and his four sons divided his kingdom.93 500 502 503 507 511 512 513 514 516 517 518 519 521 523 524 526 527 528 529 The Babylonian “Talmud” was compiled. The Persians defeated the Huns. JOHN I became Pope. BOETHIUS. succeeded by JUSTINUS I. Incense was first used in church services. ANASTASIUS I died. The Council of Geronda was held at Catalonia. The Council of Aurelia decreed Lent before Easter. Korea revolted against Japan. First plans for the Vatican Palace in Rome were prepared. The Liang dynasty began in China with WU-TI as emperor. SIGISMUND became king of Burgundy. Christian philosopher. JUSTINIAN succeeded his uncle JUSTINUS as Byzantine emperor and set about annexing the West. COLUMBA was born at Donegal. Ireland. The British won victory over the Saxons. Emperor WU-TI of China became a Buddhist. BENEDICT of Nursia founded the Monastary of . died after completing “Consolation of Philosophy. HORMISDAS became Pope. The Church of the Nativity was rebuilt in Bethlehem. Spain. Persia was at war with Byzantium.
the largest surviving church of ancient times. VIGILIUS became Pope. Hagia Sophia in Istambul. Persia invaded Syria. king of Paris. AGAPETUS I became Pope. Catherine on Mt. king of Burgundy. The Battle of Daras was fought between the Romans and the Persians. Emperor JUSTINIAN founded the Monastery of St. 530 531 532 Pope FELIX IV was succeeded by BONIFACE II. conquered GONDEMAR. Constantinople was destroyed during a Nika revolt. Pope BONIFACE II was succeeded by JOHN II. Sinai. The Justinian Code of Civil Laws was compiled by TRIBONIAN. Emperor JUSTINIAN closed PLATO’S Academy of Neoplatonism at Athens. JUSTINIAN built the Mosque of Aksa in Jerusalem. King ARTHUR was killed in the Battle of Camlan. Rats from Egypt started the bubonic plague in Constantinople and spread over all of Europe. CHOSROES I (ANUSHIRWAN the Just) became king of Persia.94 Monte Cassino and the Benedictine Order. Byzantine rule ended in Italy. CHILDEBERT. The German Lombards conquered Northern Italy and founded a kingdom under ALBOIN. was begun. The Vandal kingdom fell to BELISARIUS. CASSIODORUS founded the Monastary of Vivvarium. TOTILA became king of the Ostrogoths. The Monaphysite Copts separated from the Melchites (Greek Orthodox Christians). 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 . SILVERIUS became Pope. War between Persia and the Byzantine Empire.
PELAGIUS I became Pope. TOTILA was killed in the Battle of Taginae. succeeded by TEIAS. COLUMBA was ordained to the priesthood. the last king of the Ostrogoths. COLUMBA. was founded. AIDAN was king of Argyle. JOHN III became Pope. apostle of Scotland. JUSTINIAN called the Council of Constantinople with 165 bishops present. The bubonic plague reached Britain. BUDDHISM was introduced to Japan by Emperor SHOTOKO TAISHI. The Wei dynasty ended in China. Disastrous earthquakes shook the whole world. DAVID brought Roman Christianity to Wales. Church bells were first used in France. LOTHAIR (CLOTAIRE I) reunited the kingdom of the Franks. to deal with the Monaphysite dispute. founded the Monastary on the Isle of Iona. BELISARIUS defeated the Huns near Constantinople. BELISARIUS invaded Spain. The Asuka period of Japanest history began. The European silk industry began as JUSTINIAN smuggled silk worms from China and Ceylon. Persia defeated the Huns. JACOB BARADAEUS organized the Jacobite Monaphysites in Syria. The crucifix was first developed as an ornament. AUDOIN founded a new Lombard dynasty. TOTILA conquered Rome. NARSES annexed Rome and Naples. 553 554 556 558 559 560 561 563 . Wales.95 543 546 547 548 550 551 552 JUSTINIAN issued an edict condemning the writings of ORIGEN. The Abbey of Bangor. TOTILA entered Rome. ETHELBERT I of Kent became Anglo-Saxon king.
The Council of Toledo dealt with the relationship of the Trinity. JUSTINIAN I died. MOHAMMED was born to ABDALLAH and AMINA at Mecca in Arabia. France and Burgundy. succeeded by TIBERIUS II. King RECCARED of Spain was converted to Catholicism. The Roman See became independent of the Emperor. PELAGIUS II became Pope. The Persians overthrew Abyssinian rule in Yemen. succeeded by his nephew. The Turks and Byzantines unsuccessfully invaded Persia. TIBERIUS II was succeeded by MAURICE (MAURIKIOS). Andrew’s monastery. . BENEDICT I became Pope. GREGORY the Great became ambassador to Constantinople. YAM CH’IEN ruled China and founded the Sui dynasty. JUSTIN II. AUTHARI became the first king of the Lombards. succeeded by HORMISDAS IV. LOTHAIR II became king of Neustria. KURT became the first king of Bulgaria. Japan Emperor YOMEI became a Buddhist. succeeded by RECCARED. War between Persia and the Byzantine Empire. The kingdom of the Franks was divided into Lorraine. The Lombards invaded Italy. ANUSHIRWAN of Persia died. GREGORY the Great became abbot of St. King LEOVIGILD of Spain died.96 565 567 570 572 573 575 576 577 578 579 581 582 584 585 586 587 589 COLUMBA converted the Pictish king BRUDE of Scotland to Christianity. JUSTIN II died. Belgium. China was reunited. GREGORY the Great was made prefect of Rome. The Persians defeated the Turks.
PHOCAS killed MAURICE and ruled in Constantinople. with many churches and a college. COLUMBO was found dead before the altar in his church. King ETHELBERT of Kent became a Roman Christian. Ancient Church History ended and Medieval Church History. St. calling himself “God’s Consul”. 594 595 596 597 598 600 602 603 604 606 607 608 . Pope GREGORY I drew up a liturgy for infant baptism. The first English school was established at Canterbury. Plague in Rome. The first Japanese ambassadors went to China. Pope GREGORY I attempted to convert the Jews.97 590 GREGORY I (the Great) became Pope. a Roman Catholic monk. began. and claiming unchallenged supremacy over other bishops. The bubonic plague ended in Europe after one-half the total population had died since 542. MOHAMMED married KHADIJAH. BONIFACE IV became Pope. Picture books of the Bible were introduced for the illiterate. ruled the Lomgbards in Italy. MOHAMMED’S daughter FATIMA was born. The first church bell was used in Rome. went to Britain and found Welch Baptists there. SABINIAN became Pope. Smallpox spread from India to southern Europe. AUGUSTINE landed in Britain. Pope GREGORY the Great sent AUGUSTINE of Canterbury to Britain as the first Archbishop. “The Middle Ages”. Duke of Turin. The library at Alexandria was destroyed by the Saracens. ISIDORE became bishop of Seville. AGILULF. Paul’s Church in London was built by King ETHELBERT of Kent. CHOSROES II ruled Persia. a wealthy widow. The Lombards were converted to Catholicism. AUSTIN.
The Irish monk COLUMBANUS brought the Lombards from Arian Christianity to the faith of Rome.000 Jews to be baptized.” Episcopal rings were first used. Ireland was invaded by Northmen. ISIDORE of Spain published a treatise on officers of the church. The T’ang dynasty began in China. taking Damascus and proceeding to capture Jerusalem in Palestine from Byzantine rule. King KURT of Bulgaria accepted Christianity. MOHAMMED established the new religion of Islam. BONIFACE V became Pope. The Persians overran Egypt. The Byzantines invaded Armenia. The Persians invaded Cappadocia. 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 . 280 miles. Petroleum. MOHAMMED fled from Mecca to Yathaid (Medina). Frank SAMO founded the empire of Slav tribes in Carinthia. called “The Hegira”. DEUSDEDIT became Pope. The Persians sacked Antioch. This became the first year of the Moslem Calendar. The Persians took Rhodes and Ancyra.98 610 MOHAMMED’S “Night of Power” vision on Mount Hira launched him as the “Prophet of Allah. CHOSROES II gave the Jews possession of Jerusalem. The Persians invaded Syria. The Persians threatened Constantinople. ADAWALD was king of the Lombards. “burning water”. was first used in Japan. The Persians invaded Egypt. The Persians again threaten Constantinople. King SISEBUT of Spain compelled 90. LOTHAIR II visited Austrasia and Burgundy and united the Frankish kingdom. arriving Sept. SERGIUS became Patriarch of Constantinople. 24th.
Buddhism became the state religion in Tibet. WILFRID. ABU BAKR died. Jerusalem was invaded by the Arabs. Roman Byzantine rule was restored. TA’I TSUNG became emperor of China. bishop of Phasis. Amman. capital of Jordan. HERACLIUS had a conference with CYRUS. ABU BAKR. MOHAMMED invaded and captured Mecca. killing 700 Jews. DAGOBERT became king of the Franks. the 10-year old daughter of ABU BAKR. First publication of the “Koran”. HONORIUS I became Pope. HERACLIUS repelled the attack on Constantinople by AVARS and the Persians. Emperor T’AI TSUNG received Christian missionaries in China.99 624 625 626 627 MOHAMMED married AISHA. SOPHRONIUS was Patriarch at Jerusalem. EDWIN became the first Christian king of Northumbria in Britain. Cotton was first introduced to the Arabs. HERACLIUS won back “the Cross of Christ” from the Persians. Chinese Buddhist monk HSUAN TSANG began his pilgrimage to India. single immersion was adopted by Pope GREGORY. MOHAMMED defeated the Meccan force. AIDAN was bishop of Northumbria. HERACLIUS made CYRUS Patriarch of Alexandria. Damascus was beseiged by the Arabs. HERACLIUS made ATHANASIUS Patriarch of Antioch. succeeded by OMAR. At the Council of Toledo. YEZDIGIRD III ruled Persia. CHOSROES II of Persia was murdered by his son KAVADH II who ruled in his stead. The Persians were defeated at Nineveh. was conquered by the Arabs. succeeded by his father-in-law. who turned England toward Roman Catholicism. HERACLIUS invaded Assyria and Mesopotamia. MOHAMMED died at Medina on June 8th. 628 629 630 632 633 634 635 . was born. MOHAMMED’S enemies from Mecca beseiged Medina.
The Arabs conquered the Persian Empire. The Arabs defeated the Persians at the Battle of Nehavend. The “Paulicians” were founded by CONSTANTINE of Mananalis. The Byzantine fleet recaptured Alexandria from the Arabs. MARTIN I was Pope. The Arabs conquered Cyprus.100 636 637 638 639 640 641 ISIDORE of Seville. Jerusalem fell to the Arabs. King ROTHARIS compiled a Code of Lombard Law for Italy. Caesarea fell to the Arabs. Syria fell to the Arabs. The Hindu Empire ruled Sumatra. Persia was occupied by the Arabs. succeeded by his grandson. The Lateran Council asserted the doctrine of two wills. 642 643 644 645 646 647 649 650 651 653 . The Arabs marched across North Africa.000 scrolls. The Buddhist monk BHARTRIHARI wrote 100 proverbs. FUJIWARA deposed the Soga clan in Japan. last of the “Church Fathers”. OMAR found the Alexandria library with 300. succeeded by OTHMAN. HERACLIUS I died. and destroyed the book copying industry. giving them control of Palestine. The Arabs conquered Mesopotamia. The Arabs conquered Egypt. Caliph OTHMAN put the Koran into 114 chapters. THEODORE I became Pope. died. The Arabs conquered Tripoli and occupied Egypt. China invaded Korea. OMAR was murdered. The Arabs conquered Armenia. CONSTANS II. Damascus became the Moslem capital. SEVERINUS and JOHN IV succeeded as Popes.
bishop of Rome.101 655 656 657 658 661 663 664 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 MARTIN. was martyred. The Franks were ruled by LOTHAIR III. Celtic Christians from Scotland acknowledged the authority of the Pope. governor of Syria. . Roman Catholicism became the faith of England at the Synod of Whitby. MUAWIYA. ADROMICUS came from the Pontifossi church and organized the church at Darethea. CONSTANS II transferred court to Italy as the Arabs ravaged Asia Minor. EUGENIUS I was Pope. siezed Egypt. England. DONUS became Pope. Caliph OTHMAN was murdered. Archbishop of Canterbury. Babylon became the spiritual center of Judaism. Glass windows were first installed in English churches. succeeded by ALI. ADEODATUS II became Pope. The Bulgarian Empire was established. THEODORE of Tarsus. ALI was murdered and MUAWIYA became Caliph. organized the Anglo-Roman Church. The Japanese abandoned Korea. The Arabs held North Africa to Algeria. The Slavs assaulted Thessalonica. The first Synod of the English church was held. Damascus became the capital of the Arab empire. VITALIAN became Pope. The Arabs unsuccessfully beseiged Constantinople. CONSTANS II was killed. Buddhism and Shintoism were united in Japan. The Arabs destroyed the Byzantine fleet off Anatolia. A plague ravaged Saxon. Civil War in the kingdom of the Franks. The Arabs advanced to Samarkand in Central Asia. succeeded by his son CONSTANTINE IV.
stating that “the two wills of Christ exist in Him in a harmonius unity in which the human will is subject to the divine will.102 678 680 AGATHO was Pope. Bishop KILIAN of Wurzxburg executed Bishop CUTHBERT of Lindisfarne. PEPIN was Mayor of the Palace. MARWAN I died. Sussex was converted to Christianity. succeeded by his son JUSTINIAN II. succeeded by ABDALMALIK. CHARLES MARTEL was born. 681 683 684 685 686 687 688 691 692 693 . TESTRY united the Franks. The Picts of Scotland defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Nechtansmere. CLOVIS III was king of all Franks. The Dome of the Rock and the Mosque of Omar were completed by the Moselms on the Jerusalem Temple site. Islam was divided between the Sunnis and the Shiites. WILFRID preached in Friesland and won their allegiance to the papacy. LEO II became Pope.” Pope HONORIUS was deposed and excommunicated. EDFRITH died in Britain. bishop of Bergamo. CONON became Pope. JOHN V became Pope. The Arabs defeated JUSTINIAN II ast Cilicia. Emperor CONSTANTINUS POGONATUS called the Council of Constantinople which condemned the Monothelites’ doctrine of the human and divine will of Christ. was martyred. CONSTANTINE IV died. Construction began on the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. When MOHAMMED’S grandson HUSAIN was killed at Karbala. The Quinisext Council at Constantinople settled the Biblical canon of the Eastern church and affirmed the equality of the Pope of Rome and the Patriarch of Constantinople. MARWAN became leader of the Arabs. SERGIUS I became Pope. BENEDICT II became Pope. JOHN.
The Arabs destroyed Carthage. Pope JOHN VII claimed universal authority. Nara became Japan’s first permanent capital. Easter eggs were first used by Christians. “Psalms” were translated into Anglo-Saxon. Pope CONSTANTINE opposed PHILIPPICUS on the Monothelite heresy. SISINIUS and CONSTANTINE became Popes. JOHN VI became Pope. MIKADO became the sole proprietor of all land in Japan. The Northern Ireland Church became Roman Catholic. LEONTIUS was deposed by TIBERIUS II. MUSA led a Moslem invasion of Spain. India was established as a Moslem state. CHILDEBERT III was king of the Franks. LEONTIUS replaced JUSTINIAN II over the Byzantine empire.103 694 695 697 698 700 The last of 40 Ecclesiastical Synods was held in Spain. Byzantine Emperor JUSTINIAN II became the first emperor to kiss the Pope’s foot. A pure democracy began in Nevarre that lasted 86 years. conquering Seville. The Jews were persecuted in Spain. JOHN VII became Pope. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire. MING HUANG was emperor of China. Spain became an Arab state. The Great Mosque was built in Damascus. ANASTASIUS II ruled the Byzantine empire. WILLIBRAND became the first Christian missionary to Denmark. 701 705 707 708 710 711 712 713 714 . JUSTINIAN II was murdered by PHILIPPICUS who succeeded him.
Emperors LEO III and CONSTANTINE V opposed the use of images in the Byzantine churches. Caliph JEZID had all pictures removed from churches. CHARLES MARTEL turned the Arabs back at the Battle of Tours. and died. The Arabs invaded India. The Arabs ravaged South France. The Isaurian LEO III ruled the Byzantine empire.104 715 716 717 718 720 721 723 724 725 726 730 731 732 733 735 GREGORY II became Pope. CHARLES MARTEL was mayor of the palace. The Anglo-Saxon missionary BONIFACE preached in Germany. excommunicated the iconoclasts. A Roman Synod of 93 bishops. Patriarch GERMANUS was deposed from Constantinople. called by Pope GREGORY III. CHARLES MARTEL crossed the Rhine and conquered Bavaria. Caliph HISHAM IBN ABDUL MALAIK built a lavish palace at Jericho. BEDE’S “Ecclesiastical History” was first published. BONIFACE felled the Donar Oak Tree. destroying old Germanic heathen beliefs. fleeing persecution from LEO III settled in the Crimea. Jews. The English historian BEDE translated “John” from Latin to English. Emperor LEO III removed Southern Italy from papal jurisdiction. The Arabs crossed the Pyrenees into France. Pope GREGORY II excommunicated the Emperor. . CHARLES MARTEL conquered Burgundy. Constantinople was besieged by the Arabs on the Bosphorus. A controversy between the Emperor and the Pope over image worship. The Arabs conquered Lisbon. ETHELBALD ruled Britain. CHARLES MARTEL conquered the Saracens.
The Arab fleet was destroyed at Cyprus. who became CHARLEMAGNE’S personal tutor and advisor in religious matters. ZECHARIAS became pope. The first newspaper was printed in Peking. PADMA-SAMBHAVA established Buddhism in Tibet. ARCHER FLAVIN went from the Darethea church and organized the Timto church in Asia Minor. CHARLEMAGNE was born to PEPIN the Short. 751 752 754 . succeeded by his sons PEPIN the Short and CARLOMAN. was born.105 ALCUIN. The Saracens were driven from the province. LEO III died and CONSTANTINE V COPRONYMUS ruled Rome. The Shi’ites overthrew the Umayyad dynasty. The pope created Papal States. The first Jews settled in England. STEPHEN II and STEPHEN III were popes. The Abbasid dynasty ruled the Muslim Empire as ABU-AL-ABBAS became caliph of Arabia and moved the capital from Damascus to Baghdad. CONSTANTINE V defeated the Arabs in Syria. JOHN of Damascus. China. died. PEPIN the Short became sole ruler of the Franks. 737 738 739 740 741 742 745 747 748 749 750 CHILDERIC III became king of the Franks. CHARLES MARTEL died. The Byzantines crushed the Arabs in Anatolia. PEPIN was crowned the first Carolingian king of the Franks by Pope STEPHEN III. The Central European nation of Khazaria was converted to Judaism. last of the Greek Church Fathers. PEPIN III was crowned emperor. The Arabs took Western Asia from China. A great earthquake hit Asia Minor. AL MANSUR became the Arab caliph.
restored image worship. through his mother IRENE. CARLOMAN DIED and CHARLEMAGNE (CHARLES the Great) became sole ruler of the Franks. Byzantine Emperor LEO IV subdued the Bulgarians. The Monastery of St. CHARLEMAGNE was defeated by the Basques in the Pyrenees. succeeded by CONSTANTINE VI. The pope became the temporal Prince. schools and the poor. PAUL I became pope. The Tibetan army invaded China. Pouring was first substituted for immersion in baptism. The Franks captured Narbonne from the Arabs. PEPIN III died. CHARLEMAGNE and CARLOMAN. CHARLEMAGNE brought the Lombard kingdom to an end. was martyred. The Byzantine empire warred with the Bulgarians. Mary de Obona was established in Asturias. ABDAR-RAHMAN established the throne of Cordova in Spain.106 755 BONIFACE. Father of the German Church. OFFA of Mercia was king of all England. CHARLEMAGNE imposed tithes to support the clergy. who reigned jointly. Caliph MANSUR assisted HSUAN TSUNG crush a rebellion in China. CHARLEMAGNE invaded Spain. age 9. 756 757 759 764 765 768 771 772 773 774 775 777 778 779 780 . succeeded by his two sons. PEPIN III gave the Byzantine lands in Italy to the papacy. LEO IV died. CHARLEMAGNE invaded Italy. The Lombards surrendered to PEPIN III. JACOB IBN-TARIK imported the astronomical tables of the Hindus to Baghdad. who. the church. DOKYO defeated NAKAMARO for power in Japan.
England. Pope LEO III separated from the Eastern Empire and set the office of Pope above all law. sent to the pope. The Arabs invaded Afghanistan. The Vikings pillaged Scotland. LEO III became pope. The English church tax. known as “Peter’s Pence” was begun. The Irish reached Iceland. Irish monks discovered Iceland. CHARLEMAGNE marched on Spain.500 Saxon hostages at Verden. The Danes attacked Ireland. HARUN AL-RASHID became caliph of the Arabs. PEPIN. The Shi’ite kingdom was established in Morocco. The Northmen invaded Germany. Empress IRENE called the Council of Nicaea and established image and saint worship. CHARLEMAGNE passed a law prohibiting prostitution. CHARLEMAGNE was crowned first Holy Roman Emperor in the West by Pope LEO III on December 25th. 788 789 790 791 792 794 795 797 800 801 . IRENE overthrew and blinded her son CONSTANTINE and assumed power. marking a final and official division from the Byzantine Empire. The Franks invaded Bohemia.107 781 782 786 787 CHARLEMAGNE developed an educational system. Vikings attacked Lindisfarne. son of CHARLEMAGNE. The Danes invaded Britain. Heian (Kyoto) became Japan’s capital. CHARLEMAGNE annexed Bavaria. CONSTANTINE imprisoned his mother IRENE for cruelty. The Arabs threatened Constantinople. LEWIS of France took Catalonia from the Moors. CHARLEMAGNE executed 4. Egypt revolted. was crowned king of Italy by Pope ADRIAN I. CONSTANTINE I became king of Scotland. CHARLEMAGNE called the Frankish Council and condemned image worship.
The Constantinople Synod declared the action of the Second Council of Nicaea “null and void. The Synod of Mainz decreed four days of public Christmas celebration. succeeded by the Armenian LEO V over the Byzantine empire. ALCUMIN. Sophia reestablished the decree for the destruction of images. AL-AMIN succeeded his father HARUN AL-RASHID over the Arabs. IRENE was deposed by NICEPHORUS. War between the Franks and the Eastern Empire. AL-MAMUN ruled the Arabs. Minuscule (small letter) handwriting was developed. Caliph ALI-MANUN. CHARLEMAGNE died. Crete and Sicily fell to the Arabs. invaded the interior of the Great Pyramid. EGBERT united the England states. LOUIS the Pious divided France among his sons. died. CHARLEMAGNE completed the Palatine Chapel at Aachen. STEPHEN V became pope. ANSGAR of Flanders became a missionary to Scandinavia for 36 years. . succeeded by LOUIS the Pious. LEO V was killed and MICHAEL II ruled the Byzantine empire. PASCHAL I became pope. EGBERT became king of Saxons in England.108 802 804 805 807 809 813 814 815 816 817 820 821 823 824 825 826 The Vikings dominated Ireland. advisor to CHARLEMAGNE. NICEPHORUS died.” The Council of St. The Arabs captured Crete. EGBERT defeated BEORNWULF and the Mercian supremacy ended in England. residing at Cairo. CHARLEMAGNE’S last war against the Saxons.
PASCHASIUS RADBERTUS. The Danes established Dublin and Limerick in Ireland. The Arabs crushed a revolt of the Jews and Christians in Toledo. was crowned the first King of Scotland. succeeded by AL-MU’TASIM as leader of the Arabs. leader of the Scots. King of Argyle. Benedictine monk. France and Italy. RURIK founded the Russian Empire. KENNETH MacALPIN. Prince MOIMAR founded the great Moravian Empire. began “the miracle of the Mass. . MOJMIR founded the Slav state of Moravia. Caliph ALI-MAMUN died. Abbot of Corbey.” LOUIS the Pious died and the Carolingian empire was divided between Germany. The Arabs invaded Sicily.109 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 836 837 838 839 840 VALENTINE and GREGORY IV were popes. ETHELWULF succeeded his father EGBERT as king of England. defeated the Picts and united Scotland. The Church of St. CHARLES the Bald ruled France. Mark was founded in Venice. The Arabs took Palermo in Sicily. KENNETH MacALPIN. The Arabs sacked Marseilles and settled in Southern Italy. The Danes raided England. Image worshipers were persecuted in the Eastern Empire. a Benedictine monk. His son LOTHAIR I became emperor. which was dogmatized in 1215. MICHAEL II died and THEOPHILUS became the Byzantine Emperor. PASCHASIUS RADBERTUS. formulated the doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Provence to CHARLES and Lorraine to LOTHAIR II. Image worship was re-established. Northmen penetrated Germany. Jews settled in Germany and developed the Yiddish language. The Vivian Bible was produced at Tours. succeeded by his son MICHAEL III the Drunkard as ruler of the Byzantine empire. ETHELWULF went on a pilgrimage to Rome. Germany began its rise to power. Christians were persecuted in China under Emperor WU-TSUNG. Germany and France conspired against Italy. 843 844 845 846 847 848 850 851 853 855 . surrounded Rome and damaged the Vatican. LOTHAIR I received Italy. CHARLES the Bald received France and LOUIS the German received Germany. At the Treaty of Verdun. Pope LEO IV built the Leonine Wall around the Vatican. LEO IV became pope. Rome was damaged by an earthquake. Pope SERGUIS II and 100. THEOPHILUS died.000 Paulicians were killed by Empress THEODORA. The Arabs invaded Italy. The Germans defeated the Bulgarians. France and Germany were at war. Coffee was first discovered by an Arabian goatherd. The University of Constantinople was founded. BENEDICT III became pope. giving Italy to LOUIS II. LOTHAIR I divided his kingdom among his sons. The Danes were defeated by ETHELWULF at Oakley. The French used the crossbow in battle.110 841 842 LOTHAIR I was defeated by LOUIS and CHARLES at the Battle of Fontenoy.
BASIL I ruled the Byzantine empire. The Arabs captured Malta. ETHELWULF died. NICHOLAS I became pope. LOTHAIR II of Lorraine died. AHMED-IBU-TULAN made himself Sultan of Egypt. BASILIUS MAREDO called the Eighty Council of Constantinople which unsuccessfully attempted to reconcile the Eastern and Western churches. Prince BORIS of Bulgaria accepted Christianity. Moravia asked for Christian missionaries. CONSTANTINE II became king of Scotland. The Arabs fought the Christians in Spain over Photius. The Danes sacked Winchester. ETHELBURT died. HADRIAN II became pope. The Russians attacked Constantinople. 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 . Russian Prince RURIK founded Novgorod. succeeded by his brother ETHELBALD in England. Pope NICHOLAS I disciplined LOTHAIR II of Lorraine over divorce. The Danes invaded England. GORN the Elder became king of Denmark. BASIL murdered Emperor MICHAEL III and reinstated IGNATIUS as Patriarch of Constantinople. CYRIL and his brother METHODIUS evangelized Bohemia and Moravia. ETHELBERT became king of England. succeeded by his brother ETHELRED I in England. Norse pirates entered the Mediterranean. The Danes established the kingdom of York.111 857 858 Navarre became an independent kingdom with DON GARCIA INIQUEZ (XIMENES) the first king. LOUIS II invaded Rome. Emperor MICHAEL III deposed IGNATIUS and named PHOTIUS as Patriarch of Constantinople. CYRIL and METHODIUS ministered to the Slavs.
HAMDAN QARMAT and his Qarmatians. OLEG united Novgorod and KIEV in Russia.112 870 871 872 874 875 877 The Treaty of Mersen divided Lorraine between France and Germany. IGNATIUS died and emperor BASIL reinstated PHOTIUS as Patriarch. HADRIAN VI became pope. Emperor LEO VI deposed PHOTIUS as Patriarch of Constantinople. JOHN VIII became pope. seized power in part of Iraq. as he succeeded BASIL. CHARLES III became king of France. CHARLES II of Germany died. LOUIS II the Stammerer became king of France. Pope JOHN VIII was murdered and MARINUS I became pope. ALFRED the Great captured London. The Danes attacked Wessex. FUJIWARI MOTOSSUNE became dictator of Japan. BASIL recovered Italy from the Arabs. The Viking Northmen settled in Ireland. The Arabs crushed a slave revolt in Mesopotamia. France was partitioned by LOUIS II’s sons. leaving the throne vacant. Egypt annexed Damascus. The Viking Northmen besieged Paris. CHARLES III the Fat was crowned Emperor of Germany. making Palermo the capital. ALFRED the Great became king of England. STEPHEN VI became pope. The Pope of Rome and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other. LOUIS III and CARLOMAN. 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 . a group of militant Islam. HAROLD HAARFAGR became king of Norway. The Arabs conquered Sicily. LOUIS II of Germany died and CHARLES II the Bald was crowned emperor.
CHARLES III the Simple became king of France and LAMBERT became German emperor. The Cairo Hebrew manuscript of the Old Testament was produced. Paper was first manufactured at Cairo. ALFRED the Great defeated the Danes. was born. England was divided into Shires. THEODORE and JOHN IX were popes. ALFRED the Great established a militia and navy and unified Norway. Rabbi SAADIA BEN JOSEPH. DONALD I became king of Scotland. GUIDY became the German emperor. LOUIS III the Child became ruler in Germany. War between the Bulgarians and the Saracens. ROMANUS became pope. BENEDICT IV became pope. The Magyars raided Lombardy. Emperor ARNULF marched to Italy. The Vikings discovered Greenland. with County Courts. ALFRED the Great died. BERENGAR became king of Italy. ALFONSO III the Great began a Christian conquest of Spain. succeeded by his son EDWARD the Elder as king of England. CHARLES III the Simple and ODO contended for the throne of France. ARNULF claimed the German crown. The Hungarians invaded Germany. the translator of the Scriptures into Arabic. . CONSTANTINE III became king of Scotland. STEPHEN VII became pope. The Arabs raided Lombardy. FORMOSUS became pope.113 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 CHARLES III the Fat was deposed as emperor of Germany and a final separation of Germany and France occurred.
Duke of Saxony. UBAYDULLAH founded the Fatimid dynasty in North Africa which ruled Egypt. ruled Germany as HEINRICH I the Fowler.114 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 919 920 LOUIS III the Blind became king of Lower Burgundy. The Russians attacked Constantinople. JOHN X became pope. LOUIS the Child died. The Arabs were expelled from Italy. ROMANUS LECAPENUS became co-emperor with CONSTANTINE VII. CONSTANTINE VII became the Byzantine emperor. The Bulgarian Church separated from both Rome and Constantinople. Thrace and Macedonia were invaded by Bulgaria. ROLLO of Normandy was baptized as ROBERT. Welsh bishop ASSER died. HENRY. King EDWARD the Elder took London and Oxford from the Danes. succeeded by KONRAD I in Germany. BERNO founded the monastic house of Cluny. . SERGIUS III became pope. Work was begun on the Campanile of St. The Tulunid dynasty of Egypt ended and the Arabs ruled. The Hungarians crushed Moravia. All Britain and Scotland acknowledged EDWARD the Elder as king. Egypt was invaded by the North Africans. Marks in Venice. Pope LEO was deposed and CHRISTOPHER became pope. ANASTASIUS III became pope. The Magyars raided Germany and Italy. The T’ang dynasty in China ended.
PETER became czar of Bulgaria. Duke of Burgundy. succeeded by his son ATHELSTAN as king of England. HUGH became king of Italy. The Koryo dynasty ruled Korea. The Qarmatians captured Mecca and stole the sacred black stone from the Ka’ba. ATHELSTAN raided Scotland. King HAAKON I tried to convert Norway to Christianity. CHARLES III the Simple died and RUDOLF. HENRY I died and his son OTTO I the Great became king of Germany. EDWARD the Elder died.115 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 The Bohemians accepted Christianity. Famine in the Byzantine empire. ROBERT. was made Patriarch of Constantinople. JOHN XI became pope. HAROLD BLUETOOTH was the first Christian king of Denmark. son of Emperor THEODOSIUS. expelled CHARLES III the Simple and ruled France. HENRY I conquered LORRAINE. LEO VI became pope. ruled the west Franks. RUDOLPH II ruled France. Algiers was founded. Count of Paris. THEOPHYLACT. The Hou-Chin dynasty ruled China. LEO VII became pope. LOUIS IV became king of France. The Bulgarians defeated Serbia. HENRI I dominated Denmark. STEPHEN VIII became pope. CONRAD became king of Arles (Burgundy and Provence). King HENRY I defeated the Magyars (Hungarians) at Riade. 937 . The Magyars resumed their attacks on Germany.
succeeded by his nephew EDWY as king of England. brother of EDWY. succeeding his brother. The Byzantines took Crete from the Arabs. STEPHEN IX became pope. IGOR led the Russians in an attack on Constantinople. EDMUND I became king of England. HAROLD II of Denmark extended his power to Norway. DUNSTAN was made Bishop of Canterbury. Hungary was Christianized. EDRED died. OTTO I crowned his son OTTO II king of Germany. 959 960 961 . LOUIS IV died and LOTHAR II became king of France. Europe was in “The Dark Ages”.116 938 939 940 941 942 943 945 946 950 951 953 954 955 Yenching (Peking) was established as the capital of China. The Sung dynasty was founded in China. Civil War in Japan. OTTO I became king of the Franks and Lombards. AGAPETUS II became pope. MARINUS II became pope. IGOR was succeeded by SVIATOSLAV in Russia. CONSTANTINE VII died. Russian Princess OLGA accepted Christianity. BRUNO I became ruler of the Germans. OTTO I defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. became king of England. OTTO I conquered Bohemia. The Arabs lost Madrid. LOATHAR III became king of Italy. EDGAR the Peaceful. MIECZYSLAV I became the first king of Poland. The Magyars attacked the Bulgarians. succeeded by ROMANUS II. EDMUND I died and his brother EDRED became king of England. ATHELSTAN died in England. JOHN XIII became pope.
North Africa was freed from Egypt.000 Paulicians to the lower Danube region. Poland was converted to Christianity. defeated the Arabs and Bulgarians. OTTO II was crowned emperor in Rome. Commercial relations were renewed between Egypt and Italy. on behalf of the infant emperor BASIL II. BENEDICT V became pope after the Romans expelled LEO VIII. The Russians ravaged Bulgaria. JOHN TZIMISCES died and BASIL II became the Byzantine emperor. EDGAR died. OTTO II crushed a Danish invasion. succeeded by his son EDWARD the Martyr. OTTO I died. OTTO I made a third expedition to Italy. EDWARD the Martyr was assassinated. BASIL II captured Beirut and Damascus. War between OTTO II and France. JOHN XIII became pope and celibacy for English clerics was enforced. Egypt was ruled by the Fatimite Caliphs. OTTO II married Byzantine Princess THEOPHANO. BENEDICT VI became pope. JOHN TZIMISCES conspired and dethroned NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS. Cairo University was founded. BENEDICT VII became pope. . KENNETH II became king of Scotland. The Byzantines took Antioch.117 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 978 OTTO I was crowned first German Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope JOHN XII. in England. OTTO I united Italy to the German Empire. Byzantine General NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS. Emperor TZIMISCES banished 100. Turk SUBAKTAGIN founded the Ghaznavid dynasty in Afghanistan. SVIATOSLAV of Russia crushed the Khazar empire. OTTO I replaced Pope JOHN XII with LEO VIII.
Viking ERIC the Red discovered Greenland. JOHN XIV became pope. OLAF SKUTKONUNG became Sweden’s first Christian king. JOHN XV became pope. The first canonization of saints by the Catholic Church. OTTO III entered Rome and made his cousin BRUNO Pope GREGORY V. England. LOUIS V died and HUGH CAPET began the Capetian line of rulers in France. LOTHAIR died. BASIL II defeated the Byzantine baron BARDAS PHOCAS. became king of England. The Bulgarian War began. Civil War in Rome. Treaty between the English and the Normans. age 3. Pope JOHN XV died. End of the rule of nobles in Rome. SVEN I the Forked-beard became king of Denmark. ETHELRED II the Unready. The Byzantine recaptured Syria. succeeded by his son LOUIS V as king of France. HUGH CAPET died and his son ROBERT II the Pious ruled France. AVICENNA. Persian philosopher and physician. . succeeded by BONIFACE VII. OTTO II died and OTTO III. the Saint of Russia accepted Eastern Orthodox Christianity. was born. Poland submitted to the Pope. became German emperor.118 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 992 993 995 996 EDWARD’S half-brother. AARON ARLINGTON organized the Hillcliff Church in Wales. Viking colonies were established in Greenland by ERIC the Red. VLADIMIR. Bohemia was subdued by the Germans. OTTO II besieged Paris.
SVEN I and the Danes took England and caused ETHELRED II to flee to Normandy. KENNETH III became king of Scotland. Sweden and Iceland. War between Germany and Poland as Poland seized Bohemia. STEPHEN I the Saint became king of Hungary and established Latin Christianity. discovered North America. THORFINN KARLSEFNI founded a Norse settlement in North America. The Norse settlement in North America was destroyed by Indians. Pope GREGORY V died and GERBERT of Aurillac became the first French pope as SYLVESTER II. JOHN XVII became pope. Caliph HAKIM’S order to destroy the Holy Sepulcher ignited the Christian Holy Wars. son of ERIC the Red. OTTO II deposed Pope JOHN XVI. The Romans rebelled against OTTO III.” Civil War in Spain. ROBERT II of France proclaimed “The Peace of God. The Danes took Canterbury. JOHN XVIII became pope. MAHMUD of Ghazni invaded India. . BRIAN BORU ruled Ireland.119 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 ADALBERT. Viking LEIF ERICSSON. BENEDICT VIII became pope. MALCOLM II became king of Scotland and drove the Poles out of Bohemia. SERGIUS IV became pope. HENRY II the Saint was crowned Emperor upon the death of his cousin OTTO III. The Polynesians colonized New Zealand. Christianity was made the state religion in Norway. ALPHAGE. was martyred. Bishop of Prague. Archbishop of Canterbury. was martyred.
Normans and Bulgarians. The Byzantine defeated the Lombards. The Germans and Russians defeated Poland. HAMZA IBN ALI founded the Druze movement in Persia. YAROSLAV became Grand Prince of Russia. succeeded by his daughter ZOE and her husband. succeeded by his cousin KONRAD. JOHN XIX became pope. ETHELRED II died. ETHELRED II recaptured England. HENRY II defeated the Greeks in southern Italy. BRIAN BORU of Ireland was killed by the Vikings. EDMUND died. CONSTANTINE VIII died. MALCOLM II united Scotland. HENRY II died. HISHAM III became the last caliph of Cordoba in Spain. ROMANUS III. The Arabs conquered Sardinia. KONRAD II was crowned Holy Roman Emperor. BENEDICT IX became pope. The Arabs defeated the Byzantine in Syria. CANUTE divided England into four earldoms. succeeded by EDMUND IRONSIDE. KONRAD II inherited Burgundy. CANUTE of Denmark invaded England. succeeded by his brother CONSTANTINE VIII. ROBERT II died. CANUTE went to Rome.120 1014 BASIL II blinded 15. allied with Byzantium.000 captive Bulgarians at Balathista. succeeded by HENRY I in France. invaded and conquered Khazaria. SVEN I died and CANUTE became king of Denmark. BASIL II died. and England’s council elected CANUTE as king of England. 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1022 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1030 1031 1032 1033 . The Norsemen.
HENRY III died. succeeded by MICHAEL VI over the Byzantine. became pope. HAROLD I died. The Pope excommunicated the Patriarch. HENRY IV became the Roman Emperor. KONRAD II died. succeeded by his half-brother HARDICANUTE. causing a schism between Roman Catholic Pope LEO IX and Greek Orthodox Patriarch MICHAEL CERULARIUS on July 16th. Egypt collapsed. CLEMENT II was appointed pope by Emperor HENRY III. The Byzantine defeated the Turks at Sragna. THEODORA died. succeeded by EDWARD the Confessor. succeeded by THEODORA. Popes CLEMENT II and DAMASCUS II died and BENEDICT IX was restored. who ruled Scotland. a German. VICTOR II became pope. The argument was actually based on the Patriarch’s condemnation of the church in the West for using unleavened bread. LEO IX. SVEN (Denmark) and WILLIAM I (Normandy). succeeded by his son HENRY IV in Germany. The Normans penetrated England. Three popes ruled at once: BENEDICT IX. HARDICANUTE died. DUNCAN I was killed by MACBETH. GREGORY VI and SYLVESTER III. The Greek Orthodox Church began when Pope LEO IX backed the Normans against the Greeks. CONSTANTINE IX died.121 1035 1039 1040 1042 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1053 1054 CANUTE died and England was divided between HAROLD I (England). and the Patriarch put his curse on the Pope. The Turks captured Baghdad and invaded Anatolia. Pope BENEDICT IX sold the papal throne to GREGORY VI. succeeded by his son HENRY III the Black. 1055 1056 .
The Normans ended Byzantine power in Italy. NICHOLAS II became pope. succeeded by HAROLD II in England. PHILIP I. John was founded in Jerusalem. WILLIAM I raided Scotland. The Saxons rebelled against HENRY IV. who ruled Germany. ALEXANDER II became pope. Emperor CONSTANTINE X died. The Normans. MACBETH was murdered by MALCOLM III in Scotland. succeeded by MICHAEL VII. First recorded appearance of Halley’s Comet. BENEDICT X became pope. HILDEBRAND was elected Pope GREGORY VII. led by WILLIAM the Conqueror. ROMANUS IV died. HAROLD II was slain at the Battle of Hastings. conquered England. The Order of Knights of St. HENRY IV was abducted by Archbishop ANNO. became king of France. son of HENRY I. Westminster Abbey was consecrated. MICHAEL VI was deposed by ISAAC COMNENUS. The Normans took Sicily. The Turks overran Armenia. EDWARD the Confessor died. 1067 1068 1070 1071 1072 1073 . HENRY IV was restored to power in Germany. The Lateran Council established papal election by the College of Cardinals. The Turks defeated the Byzantine in Anatolia.122 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1064 1065 1066 STEPHEN X became pope. but the Synod of Basel declared his election void. CONSTANTINE X ruled the Byzantine empire. SHETSUNG was Emperor of China. ROMANUS IV DIOGENES ruled the Byzantine Empire.
HENRY IV marched into Italy. deposing Pope GREGORY VII. forerunner of Scholasticism. WILLIAM the Conqueror died. BRUNO founded the Carthusians in France. HENRY IV submitted to the authority of Pope GREGORY VII over investiture. The Turks seized Antioch. The Tower of London was begun. STANISLAUS. Bishop of Cracow. St. Pope GREGORY VII excommunicated Emperor HENRY IV again. was martyred by Polish King BOLISLAUS. HENRY IV regained control of Saxony. Pope GREGORY VII died in exile. Civil War in Germany. 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 . succeeded by WILLIAM II RUFUS in England.123 1074 1075 1076 Pope GREGORY VII banned clerical marriages. who in turn excommunicated HENRY IV. German bishops deposed GREGORY VII and elected CLEMENT III as pope. HENRY IV imprisoned Pope GREGORY VII. EL CID was banished from Castile. VICTOR III became pope. Biscay separated from Navarre and became a kingdom. was born. The Turks conquered Anatolia. ALEXIUS I COMNENUS overthrew NICEPHORUS III and ruled as Eastern Emperor. while Navarre was annexed by Aragon. All married priests were excommunicated. ALFONSO VI took Toledo from the Arabs. ROBERT BUISCARD drove HENRY IV from Rome. Syria and Palestine. CONRAD became ruler of Germany. Emperor HENRY IV called the Council of Worms and rejected papal authority. PETER ABELARD. NICEPHORUS III became the Byzantine Emperor.
SIMON died and his brother ROGER II ruled Sicily. GODFREY died and BALDWIN I became King of Jerusalem. Nazareth was made the capital of Galilee. The First Crusade was organized by Pope URBAN II at the Council of Clermont. Norman revolt in England. HUI-TSUNG became emperor of China. DONALD BANE succeeded MALCOLM III in Scotland. BALDWIN led the Crusaders to take Acre. The Crusaders captured Jerusalem in June. Civil War among the Turks. PETER LOMBARD. ROGER I of Sicily died. EL CID died in Spain. The Cistercian Order was founded at Citeaux in France by Benedictine monk ROBERT of Molesme. GODFREY was elected King of Jerusalem. the French theologian. EL CID took Valencia. succeeded by his son SIMON. The Crusaders reached Constantinople and took Nicaea. BERNARD of Clairvaux was born. HENRY IV returned to Germany from Italy. . ANSELM became Archbishop of Canterbury. John was built on Patmos.124 1088 1089 1090 1092 1093 1094 1095 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1104 1105 The Monastery of St. WILLIAM II was murdered. was born. CONRAD died in Germany. Nearly a million people took part. Pope URBAN II excommunicated King PHILIP I. Archbishop ANSELM left England. ROSCELLINUS was accused of tritheism and condemned for heresy at Soissons. The Normans took Malta from the Arabs. The Crusaders captured Antioch from the Turks. URBAN II became pope. succeeded by his brother HENRY in England. Beirut and Sidon from the Arab SARACEN.
HENRY V was crowned Emperor of Rome. The Synod of Soissons condemned ABELARD’S teaching about the Trinity. ANSELM of Canterbury died. DURAND VALDACH was burnt at Girona in Spain by Pope PASCHAL II GELASIUS II became pope. ABELARD was canon of Notre Dame in Paris. THOMAS BECKET was born in London. England and France were at war over Normandy. The Great Mosque of Cordoba was completed. Florence became a free republic. The Waldensians published their Confession of Faith and Practice. Tripoli fell to the Crusaders. 1119 1120 1121 . Bologna University was founded. ALFONSO I of Aragon captured Saragossa from the Arabs. daughter of HENRI I of England. HENRY IV died and HEINRICH V ruled Germany.125 1106 1107 1108 1109 1111 1112 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 PIERRE DeBRUYS led the nonconformist Petrobrusians in southern France. CALIXTUS II became pope. HUGUES DePAYENS organized the Order of Knights Templars in Jerusalem. Abbey of Clairvoux. HENRY I of England gained Normandy. AFONSO HENRIQUES succeeded HENRI of Burgundy in Portugal. PHILIP I died and LOUIS VI the Fat ruled France. but was forced to leave by HEINRICH V. HENRY I and LOUIS VI fought the Anglo-French War. German Emperor HEINRICH V married MATILDA. BERNARD founded the Benedictine monastery. pledging themselves to defend the Holy Land from the Moslems. HEINRICH V entered Italy. A truce between King HENRY I and Pope PASCHAL II.
called by Pope CALIXTUS II with 300 bishops present. the Muslim philosopher. The first Roman Catholic diocese was established in Greenland. DAVID I ruled Scotland. KONRAD III ruled Germany. Pope INNOCENT II was captured by ROGER II of Sicily. BALDWIN I of England died. succeeded by LOTHAIR II in Germany. 1140 . The Lateran Council. HENRY I of England died. HONORIUS II became pope. AVERROES. England. was born in Cordoba in Spain. called “The Greatest Jew of the Middle Ages” was born. SVERKER united the Goths and Swedes. Civil War in England as MATILDA fought STEPHEN for the throne. ANACLETUS II was elected antipope. LOUIS VII became king of France when his father LOUIS VI died. LOTHAIR III was crowned emperor in Germany. established the celibacy of priests. HEINRICH V died. succeeded by FULK of Anjou.126 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1128 1130 1131 1133 1134 1135 1137 1138 1139 The compromise of King HENRY V and Pope CALIXTUS II at the Concordat of Worms ended the investiture controversy. The Pope excommunicated ROGER II of Sicily. STEPHEN of England defeated DAVID of Scotland at Northallerton. DAVID I founded the Holyrood Abbey in Scotland. MOSES BEN MAIMON (MAIMONIDES). succeeded by his nephew STEPHEN. Rievaulx Abbey was founded in Yorkshire. The Second Lateran Council was called by Pope INNOCENT II and condemned the Arnoldists and Petro-Brussians. The Council of Pisa excommunicated antipope ANACLETUS II. INNOCENT II became pope.
The Universities of Paris and Oxford were founded. The Beungarians were called “Henericians” after HENRY of Toulouse. Catalonia and Aragon united. The Chinese first used explosives in war. CELESTINE II became pope. ARNOLD of Brescia was burned at Rome for insisting on separation of church and state. LUCIUS II became pope. GENGHIS KHAN was born. The Crusaders captured Ashkelon. The Swedes conquered Finland. led by KONRAD III of Germany and LOUIS VII of France. succeeded by his cousin HENRY II in England. became Pope ADRIAN IV.127 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 PETER ABELARD’S teaching was condemned. A Roman republic was formed in revolt against papal rule. The Toltec Empire ended in Mexico. The Decrees of GRATIAN were compiled as the First Code of Roman Canon Law. ANASTASIUS IV became pope. HILDEGARD of Bingen began writing PETER ABELARD died. STEPHEN died. 1150 1151 1153 1154 1155 1157 1159 . Pope EUGENIUS III proclaimed the Second Crusade. as the House of Plantagenet began a 331-year reign. NICHOLAS BREAKSPEAR. The Second Crusade was organized by BERNARD of Clairvaux. failed to liberate Edessa and perished. The Second Crusade. The Muslims took Edessa from the Crusaders. The Englishman. ALEXANDER III became pope. DAVID ALROY presented himself as Messiah to the Jews of Babylon.
The first Dervish Brotherhood was founded in Persia. Pope ALEXANDER III fled as FRIEDRICH I marched on Italy. Construction of Notre Dame was begun in Paris. Catalonia became a monarchy. 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1170 1171 1173 1174 1175 1176 . The Lombard League defeated the Germans at Legnano. Spain. BELA III became king of Hungary. PETER WALDO was converted. ALFONSO became King of Aragon. PETER WALDO. Inquisitor DOMINICK GUZMAN was born at Cabaroga. Civil War in Japan. THOMAS BECKET fled from England to France. Rules were established for the canonization of saints. Reconstruction of the Canterbury Cathedral began. organized the “Poor in Spirit” (Waldenses).128 1160 1162 King HENRY II ordered the Paulicians at Oxford to be branded on their foreheads. The “Leaning” Tower of Pisa was constructed. The Pure Land Sect was formed in Japan by Buddhist priest HONEN. SALADIN conquered Syria. England’s Canterbury Cathedral was destroyed by fire. Pope ALEXANDER III excommunicated German Emperor FRIEDRICH I. Ireland submitted to King HENRY II. a merchant of Lyons. The Waldensian movement began. SALADIN overthrew the Fatimite dynasty and founded the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt. The Lombard Association was founded at Venice. THOMAS BECKET was murdered December 29th at Canterbury. THOMAS BECKET was made Archbishop of Canterbury by HENRY II. The Normans invaded Ireland from Wales.
The New Canterbury Cathedral was completed. HENRY II died. MANUEL I died and his son ALEXIUS II ruled the Byzantinians. A Third Crusade was organized. GREGORY VIII and CLEMENT III were popes. condemned the Waldensians and the Albigenses.129 1177 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 PETER WALDO sought recognition of Pope ALEXANDER III for the Waldensians. Portugal became independent. ANDRONICUS COMNENUS killed ALEXIUS II and began a 22-year reign over the Byzantine Empire. The Lateran Council. The Jews were persecuted in England under RICHARD I. GIOVANNI BERNARDONE (FRANCIS of Assisi) was born in Italy. The Egyptian SALADIN took Aleppo of Syria. 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 . LOUIS VII died and his son PHILIPPE II ruled France. Bulgaria was established as an independent nation. Knights Templars were established in London. Egypt conquered Mesopotamia. All Jews were banished from France. The Moslem SALADIN of Egypt recaptured Jerusalem and defeated the Crusaders at the Horns of Hattin. ANDRONICUS I was deposed and killed by ISAAC ANGELUS. HENRY II made his son JOHN LACKLAND Lord of Ireland. called by Pope ALEXANDER III. LUCIUS III became pope. succeeded by his son HEINRICH VI. succeeded by RICHARD I in England. In Germany. FRIEDRICH I died. The Peace of Constance between FRIEDRICH I and Pope MARTIN IV. PETER WALDO was excommunicated by the Pope. URBAN III became pope. consisting of 412 bishops.
Byzantium Emperor ISAAC ANGELUS was deposed. HEINRICH VI conquered Sicily. The Crusaders captured Acre. INNOCENT III became pope and forced PHILIPPE II to acknowledge INGEBORG as his wife. The Fourth Crusade was organized to recover Palestine from the Moslems. Acre was made the Crusaders’ capital. blinded and replaced by his brother ALEXIUS III. RICHARD I was ransomed from HEINRICH VI. German Emperor HEINRICH VI captured King RICHARD I of England. celebration of mass and burial in consecrated ground because PHILIP AUGUSTUS put away his wife. 1195 1197 1198 1200 1201 1202 1203 . The Anglo-French War over King JOHN of England’s marriage began. King JOHN murdered his nephew ARTHUR. The Teutonic Knights became a German military order.. OTTOKAR became king of Bohemia. The Council of Girona penalized Waldensians with burning at the stake. GENGHIS KHAN defeated ONGKHAN. Pope INNOCENT III closed all churches in France.130 1191 1192 1193 1194 CELESTINE III became pope. forbade extreme unction. but the marriage was annulled. Pope INNOCENT III asserted the right to approve or disapprove the emperor elected by the German electors. HEINRICH VI died and OTTO IV became emperor. OTTO IV became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. RICHARD I and PHILIPPE II of France went to war. RICHARD I conquered Cyprus and sold it to Knights Templars of Jerusalem. King PHILIPPE II of France married INGEBORG of Denmark. The Waldensians were outlawed by King ALONSO II of Aragon.
The “Poor Clares” were organized for women by FRANCIS of Assisi. PHILIPPE II of France captured Normandy. FRANCIS of Assisi renounced his wealth. GENGHIS KHAN captured Peking. FRIEDRICH II was elected emperor. paying a “fine” of 1. In the city of Beziers. 400 people in Lavaur were burned alive and 100.000 children from Germany and France failed. ended the Byzantine empire and made BALDWIN of Flanders their emperor. The Bulgarians captured BALDWIN and he died. GENGHIS KHAN was made Chief Prince of the Mongols.131 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 The Crusaders captured Constantinople. SIMON DeMONTFORT led a campaign against the Albigenses (Cathari) in Southern France. 32.000 Albigenses were slain at Toulouse by the Inquisition. and an interdict was placed on England. FRANCIS of Assisi founded the Franciscan Order. Many perished. 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 . JOHN of England contested the election of the archbishop of Canterbury and was excommunicated. Pope INNOCENT III appointed STEPHEN LANGTON Archbishop of Canterbury.000 marks annually to the Pope until the reformation. King JOHN submitted to Pope INNOCENT III. WILLIAM the Lion died and was succeeded by his son ALEXANDER II in Scotland.000 people perished from the Inquisition. Pope INNOCENT III excommunicated Emperor OTTO IV. 60. GENGHIS KHAN invaded China. The “Children’s Crusade” of 20. Pope INNOCENT III excommunicated King JOHN of England because he rejected STEPHEN LANGTON.000 Albigenses were killed in one day by the Inquisition. and the rest were sold into slavery in Egypt. King JOHN invaded Scotland and confiscated Catholic church properties.
GENGHIS KHAN invaded Persia. was born. succeeded by HENRY III. GENGHIS KHAN died. Sultan MELIKEL-KAMIL recovered Damietta and the Fifth Crusade was abandoned. King JOHN died. Dominican monks reached England. The Franciscan. GREGORY IX became pope. GENGHIS KHAN seized Bokhara. STEPHEN LANGDON divided the Bible into 1. Japanese Buddhist priest DOGEN founded the first Soto school of Zen Buddhism in Japan. 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 The Fifth Crusade was organized to conquer Egypt. The Magna Carta was signed by King JOHN on June 15th. restoring the ancient laws of the Britons and Saxons. 3rd. The North Germans crushed the Danes.189 chapters. LOUIS VIII of France died. Damietta in Egypt was captured by the Crusaders. GENGHIS KHAN invaded Russia. succeeded by his son LOUIS IX. . HONORIUS III became pope. THOMAS AQUINAS was born. BONAVENTURE.132 1215 DOMINICK GUZMAN led the Spanish Inquisition. 1216 Pope INNOCENT III annulled the Magna Carta and died. The Dominican Order was founded by Spanish priest DOMINIC and approved by the Pope. Franciscan friars arrived in England. Cotton was manufactured in Spain. succeeded by his son LOUIS VIII in France. The Teutonic Knights began a conquest of Prussia. PHILIPPE II died. FREDERICK II was crowned emperor in Rome. The Doctrine of Transubstantiation was officially accepted by the Roman Church at the Fourth Lateran Council. Annual confession to a priest became mandatory. FRANCIS of Assisi died Oct.
The Mongols conquered Russia. FRIEDRICH II ravaged Italy. The first coal was mined in England. recovered Jerusalem. Jewish books were burned publicly at Paris. Pope GREGORY IX excommunicated Emperor FRIEDRICH II. STEPHEN LANGTON died.133 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1237 1239 1240 1241 1243 1244 1245 1246 The Sixth Crusade. Leprosy was brought to England by the Crusaders. The Mongols. The Synod of Toulouse forbade Bible reading by laymen.” The Mongols defeated the Germans and invaded Poland. Construction began on Westminster Abbey. Berlin was founded. At the Council of Lyons. Pope INNOCENT IV deposed and excommunicated Emperor FRIEDRICH II. Pope INNOCENT IV made HEINRICH RASPE emperor of Germany. France conquered Navarre. Hungary and Bulgaria. . Nazareth and Bethlehem. The Moslems kept the Mosque of Omar. led by OGADAI. England’s Great Council was called “Parliament. The Mongols defeated the Turks. The Mongols captured the Chin Empire. RAYMUND of Pennafort was appointed by pope GREGORY IX to lead the Spanish Inquisition at Aragon and Castile Pope GREGORY IX commissioned the Dominicans and Franciscans to punish heresy. led by FREDERICK II. RICHARD of Cornwall and SIMON DeMONTFORT started a Crusade to Jaffa. taking Moscow. INNOCENT IV became pope. The Muslim KHWARAZMI conquered Jerusalem. invaded Korea. THOMAS AQUINAS joined the Dominican Order of Preachers.
and King LOUIS IX of France was captured. Pope INNOCENT IV issued “Ad exstirpanda” to exterminate heretics. MANGU was elected Great Khan of the Mongols. A Seventh Crusade against Egypt failed. LOUIS IX returned to France from Palestine. MARCO POLO was born. succeeded by WILHELM of Holland. Sultan BEYBARS ruled Egypt. The Egyptian Mamelukes re-established Moslem rule over Palestine. The IL-KHAN dynasty was founded in Persia. KUBLAI KHAN became Supreme Ruler of the Mongol Empire. MANFRED ruled southern Italy and Sicily. Emperor HEINRICH RASPE died. The Bible was divided into chapters by Cardinal HUGH deSANCTO CARO. MANGU died. 1251 1252 1253 1254 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1263 1264 . The Mongols took Baghdad and the Abbasid dynasty fell. succeeded by his son KONRAD IV. succeeded by KUBLAI KHAN over the Mongols. KONRAD IV died and a struggle for power began in Germany. RICHARD of Cornwall was crowned king of the Holy Roman Empire. The Mamelukes defeated the Crusaders. Jerusalem was seized by the Malelukes. ALEXANDER VI became pope.134 1247 1248 1250 The Feast of Corpus Christi (the Body of Christ) was celebrated for the first time. FRIEDRICH II died. LLYWELYN became Prince of Wales. The Teutonic Knights crushed a Prussian revolt. The House of Commons was established in England. capturing and destroying Nazareth. Stockholm was founded. KUBLAI KHAN founded the Yuan dynasty in China.
ALIGHIERI DANTE. MARCO POLO went to China. Welsh resistance was broken and Wales became part of England and was divided into 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1281 1282 1284 . GREGORY X became pope. HENRY III of England died. ROGER BACON was imprisoned for heresy. The French were massacred as Sicily revolted. KUBLAI KHAN made Peking his capital. NICHOLAS III became pope. RUDOLF I of Germany killed OTTOKAR II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfeld. Prince EDWARD led an unsuccessful Crusade to Acre. Ashkelon fell to the Moslems. 278 Jews were hanged in London. INNOCENT V. The Portuguese explored the west coast of Africa. succeeded by his son EDWARD I. Prince DAVID of Wales was executed. MARTIN IV became pope. The Mamelukes recaptured Jerusalem. was born. “Summa Theologiae” by THOMAS AQUINAS was published. The Lateran Council attempted unsuccessfully to reunite the Roman and Greek churches. RUDOLF I was elected ruler of Germany. in the service of KUBLAI KHAN. KUBLAI KHAN unsuccessfully invaded Japan. HADRIAN V and JOHN XXI. The Roman Church had four popes at once: GREGORY X. MARCO POLO. went to China. author of “Divine Comedy”. THOMAS AQUINAS died. There was a three-year vacancy in the Papacy. LOUIS IX of France died and was succeeded by his son PHILIPPE III.135 1265 1266 1267 1268 1270 CLEMENT IV became pope. The Mongols captured Hangchow. An Eighth Crusade to conquer Tunis failed.
All Jews in England were expelled to Germany. The End of the Crusades. ALBRECHT I replaced ADOLF I on the German throne. FIRUZ established the Khalji dynasty in India. The Kingdom of Jerusalem came to an end. PHILIPPE III of France died. succeeded by his son PHILIPPE IV. OSMAN I founded the Ottoman Empire. GEDYMIN founded the state of LITHUANIA. 1297 1298 . Pope BONIFACE VIII forbade PHILIP of France and EDWARD I of England to tax the clergy. Syria captured Tripoli. Acre was recaptured by the Moslems. King EDWARD I invaded France. Pagan. MARCO POLO returned to Venice from China. JOHN BALLIOL became king of Scotland. succeeded by ADOLF I of Nassau in Germany. ABRAHAM ABULAFIA presented himself as Messiah to the Jews in Sicily. killed king BALLIOL and took the Stone of Scone (the Coronation Stone) to Westminster. Wood-block printing was used in Ravenna. depriving the Pope of French revenues. PHILIP forbade the export of money. RUDOLF I died. Italy. Scotland revolted against England. 1285 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 HONORIUS IV became pope. EDWARD I invaded Scotland. Spectacles were invented. KUBLAI KHAN died. EDWARD I outlawed the clergy and forbade them to recognize the Pope’s power in England. CELESTINE V and BONIFACE VIII became popes. under pain of excommunication. The Mongols invaded Burma and destroyed the capital. NICHOLAS IV became pope.136 counties.
German Friar BERTHOLD SCHWARZ invented gunpowder. CLEMENT V became pope. The 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1311 1312 1313 1314 . succeeded by his son EDWARD II. BENEDICT XI became pope. founder of the Brigittine Order. The “Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy” began as Pope CLEMENT V transferred the papal court from Rome to Avignon. was produced for Jewry. The Synod of Vienne abolished the Knights Templars. was burned at the stake in Paris for heresy. ROBERT BRUCE of Scotland led a revolt against the English. became the first English Prince of Wales. PHILIPPE IV banished all Jews from France. ROBERT BRUCE led a Scottish invasion of England. The French were massacred by the Flemings. Pope BONIFACE VIII ordered his release. When PHILIP refused. ALBRECHT I died. WENCESLAS II became king of Poland. BRIDGET of Sweden. France. succeeded by HEINRICH VII in Germany. son of EDWARD I. When PHILIP of France arrested a papal legate for treason. the Roman Catholic Church is the only true church. The Pope proclaimed 1300 as the “Jubilee Year”.137 1299 1300 The Mongols invaded Delhi. Members of the clergy obtained seats in the Spanish Parliament. The “Zohar”. ex-Grand Master of the Knights Templars. outside of which no one can be saved. JACQUES DeMOLAY. EDWARD. EDWARD I died. was born. the Pope claimed supremacy over all rulers and issued “Unam Sanctum”. India. a single source book of Kaballah. Pope BENEDICT XI was poisoned.
EDWARD BRUCE was crowned King of Ireland. LOUIS X died. BENEDICT XII became pope. DANTE completed “Divine Comedy”. EDWARD BRUCE of Ireland was killed. The Aztecs founded Mexico City. IVAN I became Grand Prince of Moscow. England. The Teutonic Knights invaded Poland. Artillery was first used in Europe. Civil War in the Byzantine Empire. JOHN WYCLIFFE was born in Hipswell. succeeded by CASIMIR III. succeeded by his brother CHARLES IV in France. PHILIPPE V died. Pope JOHN XXII deposed and excommunicated Emperor LUDWIG IV. The sawmill was invented. Bubonic plague originated in India. CHARLES IV died and was succeeded by his cousin PHILIPPE VI in France. EDWARD II was murdered. 1316 1318 1320 1321 1322 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 JOHN XXII became pope. The First Polish War ended as VLADISLAV IV died. EDWARD III defeated the Scots. EDWARD III executed ROGER MORTIMER. France took Flanders. The Serbs defeated the Greeks and Bulgarians. PHILIPPE IV died. The Russian Orthodox Church moved from Kiev near Constantinople to Moscow. England recognized Scotland’s independence. succeeded by his son EDWARD III. succeeded by his brother PHILIPPE V in France. 1330 1332 1333 1334 1335 . succeeded by his son LOUIS X in France.138 papal chair became vacant for over two years. ISABELLA and ROGER MORTIMER invaded England.
The Order of the Garter was founded. swept over Europe. The Diet of Frankfurt forbade the pope from interfering in imperial elections. TAMERLAINE began his conquest of Asia. England defeated France. Oxford. PHILIPPE VI died. the “Black Death”. JEAN II died. URBAN V became pope. Civil War in the Byzantine Empire. succeeded by LAJOS I. CLEMENT VI became pope. Bubonic plague. The Aztecs declared Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) their capital. succeeded by his son CHARLES V in France. England gained control of the English Channel.139 1337 1338 1340 1341 1342 1344 1345 1346 1347 1349 1350 1351 1352 1354 1357 1361 1362 1363 1364 England’s Hundred Year War with France began as EDWARD III claimed the French crown. The cannon was first used in the Battle of Crecy. . have died of the bubonic plague. succeeded by KARL IV. Ottoman Turks entered Europe. succeeded by his son JEAN II in France. INNOCENT VI became pope. The Germans persecuted the Jews. Castile and Portugal defeated the Muslims. Approximately 75 million. LUDWIG IV died in Germany. German towns formed The Rhine League. CHARLES I died. was founded. 1/3 of Europe’s population. The bubonic plague reappeared in England. Revolution in Paris against the Dauphin. Queen’s College.
JOHN WYCLIFFE was excommunicated and began translating the New Testament from Latin to English. DAVID II of Scotland died. CHARLES V died. JOHN HUSS was born in Bohemia. JOHN WYCLIFFE urged reformation of the church. the first complete manuscript. vying for supremacy. CATHERINE of Siena wrote “Letters”.140 1366 1368 1369 1370 1371 1373 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 The English Parliament rejected Pope URBAN V’s demands for tribute payments. created “The Great Schism” in the Roman Church. The “Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy” ended as Pope GREGORY XI returned the papal throne to Rome. JOHN WYCLIFFE. The Mongol Tartars lost control of Russia. The Dutch developed canal locks. The steel crossbow was used as a weapon of war. The Peasant’s Revolt in England was led by JACK STRAW. GREGORY XI became pope. succeeded by WENZEL. founded the Lollards and published his English New Testament. EDWARD III died. JULIAN of Norwich received revelations. and denied the Pope’s authority. Popes URBAN VI of Rome and CLEMENT VII of Avignon. succeeded by ROBERT II. that the Bible instead of the church was the sole authority for the believer. The Mongol Yuan dynasty in China was overthrown by the Ming dynasty. JOHN WYCLIFFE began his work of reformation. WAT TYLER and JOHN BALL. succeeded by his son CHARLES VI in France. succeeded by his grandson RICHARD II in England. and opposing the dogma of 1381 1382 . the “Morning Star of the Reformation”. rejected the doctrine of transubstantiation. He was expelled from Oxford University for insisting Christ and not the Pope was head of the church. KARL IV died in Germany.
transubstantiation. BARKUK, a slave, founded the dynasty of Burgee, Circassian Mamelukes in Egypt.
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JOHN WYCLIFFE died. NICHOLAS of Hereford completed the translation of the Old Testament into English. JADWIGA was elected Queen of Poland. BONIFACE IX became pope. ROBERT II died, succeeded by his son ROBERT III in Scotland. SONGGYE founded the Yi dynasty in Korea with its capital at Seoul. WENCESLAS IV of Bohemia tortured and killed JOHN of Nepomuk. MANUEL CHRYSOLORAS sought aid from Venice for Constantinople against the Turks. BENEDICT XIII became pope at Avignon. All Jews were banished from France to Germany, Poland and Italy. French clergy refused to pay papal taxes imposed on them. WENZEL was deposed for drunkenness and replaced by RUPRECHT in Germany. JOHN HUSS was ordained to the priesthood. English law gave the Roman church power to put the Lollards to death. JOHN HUSS became rector of the University of Prague. INNOCENT VII became pope. GREGORY XII became pope. ROBERT III died, succeeded by JAMES I in Scotland. Civil War in France. JOHN HUSS was accused of heresy and deposed. English subjects were forbidden to make or read a version of the Bible in their native tongue. The Council of Pisa deposed BENEDICT XIII (Avignon) and GREGORY XII (Rome), making ALEXANDER V the pope, resulting in three rival popes.
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Pope ALEXANDER V died and was replaced by JOHN XXIII. RUPRECHT died, succeeded by SIGISMUND in Germany. JOHN HUSS was excommunicated. HENRY IV died, succeeded by his son HENRY V in England. The Council of Constance was called by Emperor SIGISMUND and Pope JOHN XXIII to discuss papal authority. JOHN HUSS was arrested, tried and condemned. The Council of Constance deposed all three popes and declared its “Sacrosancta” on April 6th. The Council also ordered JOHN WYCLIFFE’S body exhumed and desecrated. JOHN HUSS was burned at the stake in Prague on July 6th. JEROME of Prague was martyred. BENEDICT XIII was deposed at Avignon and MARTIN V became pope. JOHN OLDCASTLE of the Lollards was executed in England. Germany attacked the Hussites in Bohemia. HENRY V died, succeeded by his son HENRY VI in England. CLEMENT VIII became pope. BENEDICT XIV became pope. The Hussite Church in Bohemia split between the Utraquists and the Taborites. Sixteen-year old JOAN of Arc led the French armies against England. Catholics were ordered by the Pope to believe what they were told by the priests. JOHN LUKAWITZ compiled the Mennonite Brethren Creed and presented it to JOHN ROKYZAN, Archbishop of Prague. The Council of Basel was called to reform the church by deposing Pope EUGENE IV. Pope EUGENE IV had JOAN of Arc burned at the stake in France by the English on May 30th. GONZALO CABRAL discovered the Azores.
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The double-eagle became the emblem of the Holy Roman Empire. The bubonic plague hit Portugal. Revolt in Rome. Pope EUGENE IV fled to Florence. JOHANN GUTENBERG invented the printing press. German Emperor SIGISMUND died. JAMES I of Scotland was murdered, succeeded by his son JAMES II. The “Pragmatic Sanction” of Bourges, France declared French churches independent from the Pope. The first Dalai Lama was founded in Tibet. Inca rule was founded in Peru. ALBRECHT II was elected German emperor. PETER LOMBARD’S textbook on “Theology of the Middle Ages” was accepted at the Council of Florence. FELIX V was elected pope. The Pragmatic Sanction of Mainz, Germany stopped payments to the Pope. ALBRECHT II died in Germany. FRIEDRICH III was elected Holy Roman Emperor. Aztec King ITZCOATL died, succeeded by MONTEZUMA I. Corinth was burned by the Turks and 60,000 captives went into slavery in Asia. Pope NICHOLAS V restored papal authority and founded the Vatican Library in Rome. CONSTANTINE XI became the last Byzantine emperor. Antipope FELIX V abdicated. The Vatican Manuscript was placed in the Vatican Library. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS was born. The Turks attacked Constantinople. GIROLAMO SAVONAROLA was born September 21st in Italy. The Russian Orthodox Church became independent from the Greek Orthodox Church. Constantinople fell to the Ottoman
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Turks and the Byzantine Empire ended. England’s Hundred Year War with France ended. This marked the end of the Middle Ages.
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CALIXTUS III became pope. JOHN REUCHLIN, who composed a Hebrew grammar and dictionary, was born. The War of the Roses began in England. The Latin Bible, called the Mazarin Bible, was the first printed book by JOHANN GUTENBERG on his printing press. Athens was captured by the Turks. The first Association of Moravian churches was formed in Kunvald. PIUS II became pope. Civil War in England. Pope PIUS II condemned any future councils. JAMES II was killed in battle, succeeded by his son JAMES III in Scotland. EDWARD IV became king of England. CHARLES VII died and his son LOUIS XI became ruler of France. PAUL II became pope. The first music was printed. JOHANN MENTEL printed the first German Bible. DESIDERIUS ERASMUS was born. JOHN COLET, the Oxford reformer, was born. HENRY VI was restored to the English throne. Pope SIXTUS IV began construction of the Sistine Chapel. HENRY VI was murdered, succeeded by EDWARD IV in England. GIROLAMO SAVONAROLA became a Dominican monk. WILLIAM CAXTON printed the first book in English. WILLIAM CAXTON published Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales”.
BALTHASAR HUBMAIER was born in Augsburg, Germany. Appointed by King FERDINAND with the approval of Pope SIXTUS IV, THOMAS TORQUEMADA began the Spanish Inquisition. GIROLAMO SAVONAROLA preached in Florence. MARTIN LUTHER was born November 10th at Eisleben, Saxony. EDWARD IV died, succeeded by his son EDWARD V, but EDWARD V was murdered and RICHARD III became ruler of England. LOUIS XI of France died and his son CHARLES VIII became king. HULDREICH ZWINGLI was born. Pope INNOCENT VIII completed the Sistine Chapel. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS was denied backing for his voyage by Portuguese king JOAO II. RICHARD III was killed and HENRY VII ruled England. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS was denied backing for his voyage by FERDINAND and ISABELLA of Spain. MILES COVERDALE was born. The first complete Hebrew Old Testament was produced. BARTHOLOMEU DIAS of Portugal rounded the Cape of Good Hope. THOMAS CRANMER was born. The Portuguese explored the Congo River in Africa. Dominion of the Moors ended in Spain and FERDINAND became Monarch. MENNO SIMONS was born in Friesland, Holland. RODRIGO BORGIA became Pope ALEXANDER VI. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS discovered America on October 12th. Catalonia fell to the Moors. On March 30th, all Jews were expelled from Spain “under penalty of death, never to return”. Many migrated to Tiberias and Safed, where they developed the Kabalah. Pope ALEXANDER VI divided the New World between Spain and Portugal. COLUMBUS made a second voyage and
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discovered Puerto Rico. FRIEDRICH III died, succeeded by MAXIMILIAN I.
WILLIAM TYNDALE was born in England. Spain and Portugal divided the New World at the Treaty of Tordesillas. The last coronation in Navarre occurred with JOHN D’ALBERT. THOMAS Torquemada was made InquisitorGeneral of all Spain. CHARLES VIII of France banished all Jews from Pisa and Naples. COLUMBUS discovered Jamaica. LEONARDO DaVINCI began painting “The Last Supper.” All Jews were expelled from Portugal. Perpetual Peace was proclaimed at the Diet of Worms. JAMES IV of Scotland invaded England. GIROLAMO SAVONAROLA was excommunicated. JOHN CABOT sailed to Canada. VASCO DaGAMA rounded the Cape of Good Hope. AMERIGO VESPUCCI discovered the Gulf of Mexico. GIROLAMO SAVONAROLA was tortured and burned at the stake on May 23rd at Florence. VASCO DaGAMA reached India. COLUMBUS reached Trinidad. NADAK founded the Sikhism religion in the Punjab, India. AMERIGO VESPUCCI and ALONSO DeOJEDA discovered South America and the Amazon River. The Pope proclaimed this “The Year of Jubilee.” COLUMBUS was returned to Spain in chains. PEDRO CABRAL discovered Brazil for Portugal. DIEGO DIAZ discovered Madagascar. The Pope ordered all books against the Roman Church to be burned. The first African slaves were brought to the West Indies. The Shi’ism faith was established in Persia. COLUMBUS made a fourth voyage, reaching the Honduras. PIUS III became pope, but died, and JULIUS II became pope. Pope JULIUS II unified the Papal States of Italy and commissioned MICHELANGELO to paint the ceiling of the
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Sistine Chapel. MICHELANGELO did his sculpture of DAVID.
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PHILIP of Hesse, organizer of the Schmalkaldic League, was born. LEONARDO DaVINCI painted the “Mona Lisa”. COLUMBUS returned to Spain from Panama. MARTIN LUTHER entered the Monastery of Augustinian Order at Erfurt. Pope JULIUS II started the new St. Peter’s Church and authorized the sale of indulgences to finance it. MARTIN LUTHER was ordained a priest. MARTIN WALDSEEMULLER, a German geographer, named the New World “America” after AMERIGO VESPUCCI. MARTIN LUTHER began teaching theology at the University of Wittenberg. MICHELANGELO began painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. JOHN CALVIN was born July 10th at Noyon, Picardy, in northeastern France. The Jews were persecuted in Germany. An earthquake destroyed Constantinople. HENRY VIII succeeded his father HENRY VII in England, and married CATHERINE of Aragon. Negro slaves were brought to the New World. VASCO NUNEZ DeBALBOA founded Darien in Panama. BALTHASAR HUBMAIER became Professor of Theology at the University of Ingolstadt. DIEGO VALAZQUEZ conquered Cuba. MARTIN LUTHER became Professor of Biblical Theology. JACQUES LeFEVRE of France published Paul’s Epistles and a Latin Commentary. All Christians outside the Catholic Church were called “The Church of Malignants.” MICHELANGELO finished painting the Sistine Chapel. COPERNICUS said, “The earth and other planets turn around the sun.”
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JOHN KNOX was born in Scotland. LEO X became pope. BALBOA crossed Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean. JUAN PONCE DeLEON found and named Florida. Cardinal XIMENES in Alcala published the first Polyglot Bible in Hebrew, Chaldee, Greek and Latin, and a Greek New Testament. MARTIN LUTHER became priest of the City Church of Wittenberg. LOUIS XII of France died, succeeded by FRANCOIS I. DESIDERIUS ERASMUS published his Greek New Testament on March 1st. MICHELANGELO did his sculpture of MOSES. Turkish Sultan SELIM I defeated the Mamelukes, captured Jerusalem and conquered Syria. MARTIN LUTHER, protesting the sale of indulgences by TETZEL, agent of Archbishop ALBERT, posted his “Ninetyfive Theses” on the door of his Wittenberg church on October 31st. JOHN FOX, author of “Book of Martyrs” was born at Lincolnshire, England. Turkish Sultan TUMAN BEY was defeated. Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Turks. Coffee was introduced to Europe. BALBOA was beheaded for treason. The Oratory of Divine Love was founded in Rome. MARTIN LUTHER was questioned before Cardinal CAJETAN at the Diet of Augsburg, and refused to retract his views. HERNAN CORTEZ led an expedition against the Aztecs in Mexico. HULDREICH ZWINGLI was converted while pastor at Zurich, and began the Swiss Reformation. JOHANN TETZEL died. LUTHER debated JOHN ECK at Leipzig. KARL V was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. CORTEZ founded the city of Vera Cruz, brought horses to the North American continent and began his conquest of Mexico, taking Emperor MONTEZUMA prisoner. FERDINAND MAGELLAN began his voyage around the world.
but MONTEZUMA was killed. and in Germany by THOMAS MUNZER. Sweden became independent of Denmark. MAGELLAN’S fleet completed its voyage around the world. BALTHASAR HUBMAIER was baptized on Easter Sunday by WILHELM REUBLIN. JOHN CALVIN entered the University of Paris. ZWINGLI broke with Rome. WILHELM REUBLIN became the first Catholic priest to marry. BAPTISTS first appeared in Switzerland.149 1520 MARTIN LUTHER severed himself from obedience to the Pope. Franciscan missionaries arrived in Mexico. The Aztecs drove the Spaniards from Mexico City. MARTIN LUTHER translated the New Testament into German. The Zurich Council prohibited Bible 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 . ADRIAN BOEYENS became Pope ADRIAN VI. ANDAGOYA discovered Peru. The Peasant’s War in Germany. MARTIN LUTHER was excommunicated by Pope LEO X at the Diet of Worms and was imprisoned at Wartburg. At the Zurich Council. France and Germany went to war. MAGELLAN was killed in the Philippines. CLEMENT VII became pope. JACQUES LeFEVRE translated the New Testament from Latin to French. MENNO SIMONS was ordained a priest. VERRAZZANO discovered New York Bay and the Hudson River. The Theatine Order was founded by GAETANO DiTIENE and GIOVANNI PIETRO CARAFFA in Rome. ZWINGLI abolished images and the mass in the church. WILLIAM TYNDALE was ordained a priest. The first Dutch New Testament was published. English King HENRY VIII was titled “Defender of the Faith” by the Pope. The Swiss Anabaptist movement was founded by CONRAD GREBEL and FELIX MANZ. England and Germany were at war with France. The Complutesian Polyglot Bible was issued by Cardinal FRANCISCO JIMENEZ DeCISNEROS of Spain. Anabaptists HANS KOCH and LEONARD MEYSTER were put to death at Augsburg. A Hebrew text of the Bible was printed in Venice by JACOB BEN CHAYYIM.
000 and imprisoning the Pope. Lutheranism was made the state religion of Finland. OLAVUS PETRI translated the New Testament into Swedish. The first bullfight in Mexican history was fought. now led by THOMAS MUNZER. The Diet of Westeras made Lutheranism the state religion of Sweden. 1526 BALTHASAR HUBMAIER fled to Moravia. The Holy Roman Empire sacked and pillaged Rome. The Zurich Council organized the Inquisition on December 16th and persecuted the rebaptizers. FELIX MANTZ was drowned at Zurich on January 5th. killing 4. MARTIN LUTHER married KATHERINE VonBORA. the authority of the Scriptures. A Latin translation of the Hebrew Bible was made by SANTES PAGNINUS. England went to war with the Holy Roman Empire. PATRICK HAMILTON was burned at the stake by Archbishop BEATON in Scotland for calling the Pope “Antichrist”. The Diet of Speier gave the ruler the right to choose the religion of his state. MARTIN LUTHER opposed the Peasant’s Revolt.150 study meetings by Anabaptists. and PETER SCHOEFFER printed ERASMUS’ Greek New Testament into English and published it in 1526. King FERDINAND of Germany decreed the death penalty for re baptizing adults. The Anabaptists were banished from Zurich by the Senate over infant baptism. ANDREA DORIA freed Genoa from France. 1527 1528 . King HENRY VIII asked the Pope for an annulment of his marriage to CATHERINE. The Schleitheim Confession of Faith was produced. The first Mennonite congregation was formed in Zurich. His wife was drowned in the Danube River by the Catholics over the issue of separation of church and state. MICHAEL SATLER was put to death. Anabaptist BALTHASAR HUBMAIER was arrested at Vienna and burned at the stake on March 10th. WILLIAM TYNDALE translated. and believer’s baptism. The Capuchin Order was founded by MATTEO DiBASCIO in Rome. where the Anabaptists were called “Moravian Brothers”.
1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 . resulting in a wholesale slaughter of Anabaptists. Twenty-five Baptists were burned at St. King HENRY VIII was excommunicated for marrying ANNE BOLEYN. became its official creed. The Lutheran Church was officially formed at the Diet of Augsburg on June 25th. MARTIN LUTHER completed the translation of the whole Bible into German. The Act of Supremacy proclaimed the King of England head of the Church of England. The Schmalkaldic League was formed by a group of Protestant princes. The Turks sealed the Eastern Gate in Jerusalem. as King HENRY VIII rejected papal authority and ended “Peter’s Pence”. SOLOMON MOLKO presented himself as “Messiah” to the Jews in Greece. FRANCIS I began a persecution of Protestants in France and JOHN CALVIN began the French Reformation. KARL V was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope CLEMENT VII. THOMAS CRANMER was made Archbishop of Canterbury. The Waldenses of Southern France adopted Calvinism. PAUL III became pope. THOMAS CRANMER was sent to Rome to argue for annulment for King HENRY VIII. SIR THOMAS MORE was appointed Chancellor of England. The Diet of Speier canceled previous rights and declared the Roman Catholic faith the only faith. and the Augsburg Confession. Paul’s Church in London. and imposed the death penalty on all Anabaptists. His followers read a “Protestation” and from then on were known as “Protestants”. organized the oldest surviving group of Anabaptists. LUTHER compiled his Catechism. in Moravia. called “Hutterian Brethren”. ZWINGLI was killed in the Battle of Kappel and was succeeded as pastor in Zurich by HEINRICH BULLINGER. Halley’s comet appeared. prepared by PHILIP MELANCHTHON. FRANCISCO PIZARRO explored Peru. based on the original Hebrew and Greek. JACOB HUTTER.151 1529 A Swiss minister. ZWINGLI and LUTHER became divided over communion at the Marburg Colloquy.
and in the Netherlands. Thirteen Articles of Religion were published. the first Authorized English Version. The Statute of Six Articles by the English Parliament confirmed Roman theology for the Church of England.152 IGNATIUS LOYOLA founded the Jesuits. MENNO SIMONS was baptized by OBBE PHILIP. with a translation of the Apocrypha from Latin. conquered Iraq. FRANCISCO DeULLOA sailed to the head of the Gulf of California. The Matthews Bible was printed. MILES COVERDALE published The Great Bible. SIR THOMAS MORE was beheaded for refusing to take the oath of supremacy on July 1st. WILLIAM TYNDALE published a revision of his New Testament. The Ursuline Order was founded by ANGELA MERICI in Rome. OLIVETAN made a new translation of the New Testament into French. At the Hamburg Diet. The Turks. was baptized. The first Helvetic Confession was written for the German Reformed Church by HEINRICH BULLINGER. Moriah. Lutheranism became the state religion in Denmark and Norway. WILLIAM TYNDALE was burned at Brussels on October 6th. SULEYMAN II rebuilt the Jerusalem walls. JACQUES CARTIER claimed Canada for France. 1535 MILES COVERDALE published the first complete printed Bible in English. MENNO SIMONS left the Catholics for the Anabaptists. The Schmalkald Articles of Faith were drawn up by MARTIN LUTHER. LUTHER broke openly with the Anabaptists at the Munster Rebellion in Germany. A Consistorium was appointed by FREDERICK to govern the affairs of the church and superintendents supervised 1536 1537 1538 1539 . his followers became known as “Mennonites”. with the Apocrypha separated from the Hebrew text. ERASMUS died. enclosing the Old City on Mt. led by SULEYMAN the Magnificent. King HENRY VIII executed ANNE BOLEYN and married JANE SEYMOUR. JOHN CALVIN was banished from Geneva.
Moscow was destroyed by fire. 1540 JOHN KNOX was ordained a priest. Civil War erupted in Germany as Emperor CHARLES V warred against the Lutheran “heretics”. The first Protestants were burned at the stake by the Inquisition. King HENRI VIII executed CATHERINE HOWARD and married CATHERINE PARR. The Bible. succeeded by his son. GEORGE WISHART was burned at the stake in Scotland for teaching Protestant doctrine. Pope PAUL III officially accepted IGNATIUS LOYOLA’S Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Germany invaded France. ULRICH STADLER of the Hutterites died. JOHN KNOX openly broke with the Catholics. The Council of Trent confirmed the Old Testament canon of Scripture and declared the Vulgate the only authentic Latin text of Scripture. The Council of Trent convened in Tyron on December 13th to discuss the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church. King HENRY VIII died. the Apocrypha and Church Tradition constituted the final authority of the Roman Church. The Statute of Six Articles was repealed by the English Parliament. HERNANDO DeSOTO discovered the Mississippi River. FRANCISCO DeCORONADO began exploration of southwest North America. The Roman Inquisition was proclaimed by Pope PAUL III to combat Protestantism. ROBERT BELLARMINE. The Portuguese landed in Japan. JOHN KNOX led the Calvinist Reformation in Scotland and laid the foundation for the Presbyterian Church. HERNANDO DeSOTO began exploration of southeast North America.153 the affairs of the church. MARTIN LUTHER died on February 18th and PHILIP MELANCHTHON assumed leadership. 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 . was born October 4th. leader of the Counter-Reformation. England invaded Scotland. PETER CHAPOT was killed for bringing Bibles into France. JOHN KNOX was exiled to France. EDWARD VI.
354. Cardinal HOSIUS dated the history of Baptists back to A. ROBERT STEVENS (ESTIENNE) divided the Bible into 31. The first National Assembly was held in Russia.154 1548 1549 FRANCIS XAVIER founded a Jesuit mission in Japan. THOMAS CRANMER and 300 others were martyred. Lutheranism became the official religion of Iceland. MARCELLUS II became pope. KARL V abdicated and FERDINAND I ruled the Holy Roman Empire. JOHN MARBECK produced the first English Bible Concordance. The Peace of Augsburg ended the fighting between the Catholics and the Lutherans. MARY TUDOR married PHILIP II of Spain and persecution by the Catholics began. The Act of Uniformity removed the concept of the mass as a sacrifice and provided for the use of CRANMER’S Book of Common Prayer. and rejected the dogma of Transubstantiation. CRANMER and RIDLEY compiled “The 42 Articles”. JOHN ROGERS (THOMAS MATTHEW) was burned by Queen MARY.D. A Second Act of Uniformity provided for protestant Prayer Book use by the Anglican Church. The Jews were persecuted in Bavaria. Germany and France were at war. The Presbyterian Church was formed in Scotland. HUGH LATIMER was burned at Oxford on October 16th. JULIUS III became pope. JOHN KNOX returned to Scotland.173 verses. GIOVANNI PIETRO CARAFFA became Pope PAUL IV. English replaced Latin in English church services. MARTIN CHEMNITZ attempted to reconcile LUTHER and MELANCHTON. NICHOLAS RIDLEY. The Turks went at war with Persia. JOHN CALVIN had MICHAEL SERVETUS burnt to death at Geneva on October 27th. 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 . King EDWARD VI died and “Bloody” Queen MARY made England Catholic again.
ELIZABETH I. JOHN KNOX drew up CALVIN’S Confession of Faith which was adopted at the Treaty of Edinburgh. PETER MARTYR died at Zurich. FRANCIS II died. The Second Act of Supremacy gave Queen ELIZABETH authority over the Church of England. led by the Inquisition. FRANCIS BACON was born. the first in verse form. HENRY II of France was killed and succeeded by FRANCIS II. Presbyterianism was established as the official religion in Scotland. PIUS IV became pope.000 were killed by earthquakes in Shensi. The Paris Synod adopted the Gallican Confession of Faith. Quentin on August 10th. CRANMER and RIDLEY’S Articles were revised to 39. The Hungarian Confession was prepared as Hungary adopted Protestantism. The Massacre of Orange. Pope PAUL IV issued the Roman Index of Prohibited Books. AUGUSTINE CAZALLA and 13 others were burned by the Inquisitors in Salamancia. JOHN CALVIN founded the University of Geneva. JOHN HAWKINS began selling slaves to the New World colonists.155 1556 1557 1558 1559 AKBAR the Great became the Mongul Emperor of India. GUIDO DeBRES prepared the Belgic Confession of Faith at the Naumberg Conference. 1560 1561 1562 1563 . MARY STUART of France went to Scotland for 8 years and clashed with the Calvinists there. The Heidelberg Catechism was published as the official creed of the German Reformed Churches. PHILIP II defeated the French at the Battle of St. Degrees of Purgatory were established by the Roman Catholics. China. succeeded by CHARLES IX in France. half-sister of MARY and daughter of ANNE BOLEYN. 830. Ireland revolted from England. Calvinist refugees settled in England. An influenza epidemic hit all Europe. The Council of Trent ended. The Geneva Bible was published. became Queen of England. Bubonic plague hit Paris. Spain. and died. French Protestants were called “Huguenots”.
Protestants plundered 400 Catholic churches in Spain.156 The War of Religion began and 1. The Portuguese founded Rio deJaneiro. The Cambridge Puritans attempted to change from Episcopal to Presbyterian or Congregational.000 died in Lisbon in a carbuncular fever epidemic. Two million Indians of South America died of typhoid fever. FAUSTUS SOCINUS led the Polish Brethren in Poland. succeeded by THEODORE BEZA in the Chair of Theology at Geneva. JOHN SMYTH was born. 1564 The ninth and last Brethren Creed was presented to Emperor MAXIMILIAN II. The Bible was translated into Czech. PIUS V became pope. 20. The Synod of Wesel adopted the Heidelberg Catechism. BENEDICT ARIAS MONTANUS published a second Polyglot Bible. adding Syriac.000 Londoners died of the plague. Spain occupied the Philippines. The Bishop’s Bible was published. FERDINAND I died. Calvinist riots began in the Netherlands. GUIDO DeBRES was hanged in Belgium. Puritan theology professor at Cambridge. JOHN CALVIN died May 27th.200 Protestants were killed at the Massacre of Vassy. The first Roman Missal was issued July 14th in printed form. insisting 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 . MARTIN LUTHER was denounced at the Council of Toledo. 40. England and Spain went to war. Rebellion in Ireland. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE was born. JOHN FOXE’S “History of the Acts and Monuments of the Church” was published in English. Queen ELIZABETH was excommunicated by Pope PIUS V. RICHARD FITZ organized the Separatist Congregational Church. The Tridentine Profession of Faith was made at the Council of Trent. Bubonic plague swept Europe. The Scottish Church was established with Calvinistic theology and a Presbyterian form of government. THOMAS CARTWRIGHT. succeeded by MAXIMILAN II. The Augsburg Diet began March 23rd. The Vulgate version of the Bible was adopted as authoritative.
The Pacification of Ghent (Holland and Zeeland) drove out the Spanish. Bartholomew on August 24th in France and their property seized by the Catholics. MAXIMILIAN II died. and the Reformed Church of Holland was adopted. Antwerp was looted and 7. 22. A Dutch Synod at Dort approved the Belgic Confession of Faith. The ruler of Japan was converted to Christianity. Portugal came under Spanish rule. succeeded by his son RUDOLF II. succeeded by his brother HENRY III in France. The Book of Concord was published. CHARLES IX died. GREGORY XIII became pope. expressing Lutheran theology. IVAN IV the Terrible of Russia destroyed Novgorod. JOHN KNOX died November 25th. the Dutch adopted the Belgic Confession. 1574 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 . An attempt to establish an Episcopal Church in Scotland failed.000 Huguenots were killed at the Massacre of St. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE wintered in San Francisco Bay. The first printing press in Asia was set up in Safad. The Formula of Concord defined Lutheran doctrines. was defeated. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE completed his circumnavigation of the world. At the Synod in Emden. The first Hebrew book was printed at Safad. The League of Torgau drew up Articles of Faith.000 were killed.157 on the final authority of Scripture. 1571 1572 An English edition of “The 39 Articles” was published. An earthquake hit London. WILLIAM of Orange led the Protestants. The Catacombs of Rome were discovered. The Netherlands were freed from Spanish control by the Prince of Orange. founded Presbyterianism. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE embarked on his voyage around the world. 80 persons were executed by the Inquisition in Mexico.
JAMES VI of Scotland signed the Second Confession of Faith. providing for centesimal years. URBAN VII and GREGORY XIV became popes. RICCI and RUGGIERI began a mission in China. WILLIAM of Orange was assassinated. SIR WALTER RALEIGH discovered and named Virginia. English Parliament passed a law making it an act of treason to convert to Roman Catholicism. HENRY III was assassinated by a monk and succeeded by HENRY IV. led by JOHN GREENWOOD and HENRY BARROW (both later hanged) began in London. correcting the Julian Calendar. GALILEO GALILEI published his treatise on gravity. on October 4th. The Pope proclaimed a Crusade to invade England. The Vatican Library opened. TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI completed the unification of Japan. Great famine in Paris.158 1581 ROBERT BROWNE formed the Congregational Church. Poland invaded Russia. SIR HUMPHREY GILBERT claimed Newfoundland for England. was born. WILLIAM MORGAN translated the Bible into Welsh. called “Adi Granth”. EDWARD HERBERT. SIXTUS V became pope. Guru ARJUN compiled the Sikh scriptures. Barrowists. Pope GREGORY XIII introduced the Gregorian Calendar. the Father of Deism. JOHN FOX died. 1582 1583 1584 1585 1587 1588 1589 1590 . MARY Queen of Scots was executed for treason. and the 4th became the 15th. Japan banished Christian missionaries. 11 days were picked up. The Rheims New Testament was produced. The Spanish Armada was destroyed by the English fleet. Dictatorship was set up in Japan. The orthodox Church became the national church in Russia. succeeded by his son MAURICE.
China. Seven Christian missionaries and seventeen Japanese Christians were executed in Japan. The Presbyterian Church became the state church of Scotland.159 1591 1592 INNOCENT IX became pope. The Bible was translated into Spanish. Heels were put on walking shoes in Europe. HENRY BARROW. was martyred. King of England. CLEMENT VIII became pope. founder of the Barrowists. Japan invaded Korea. KARL IX in Sweden persecuted Roman Catholics. An Act of English Parliament caused convicted criminals to be transported to the colonies. JAN AMOS COMENIUS was born March 28th in Moravia. Persia and the Turks went to war. ROGER WILLIAMS was born. The name “electricity” was first used. Queen ELIZABETH had an act passed imprisoning the Puritans for not attending the Anglican Church. JACOB signed a 1593 1595 1596 1597 1598 1600 1601 1602 1603 . The Moravian Brethren (Anabaptists) were persecuted in Germany. King HENRY IV of France was excommunicated. England and Scotland were under one rule as JAMES VI of Scotland became JAMES I. Philosopher GIORDANO BRUNO was burned as a heretic in Rome. JULES MAZARIN was born in Naples. TOKUGAWA IEYASU ruled Japan and made Tokyo the capital. King HENRY IV issued the Edict of Nantes granting religious toleration to the French Huguenots. Jesuit missionary MATTEO RICCI was admitted to Peking. Tomatoes were introduced to England from America. 15. The plague hit England again. HENRY JACOB led the Independents (Congregationalists) and THOMAS CARTWRIGHT led the Separatists (Presbyterians).000 died of the plague in London. Warsaw was made the Polish capital.
A Protestant Union was formed by German states. FAUSTUS SOCINUS (SOZZINI) developed the Racovinian Catechism for the Anti-Trinitarian Socinians (Unitarians). which became “The Pilgrim Church”. ROBERT CATESBY instigated the “Gunpowder Plot” to blow up Parliament in London. and was imprisoned. The Catholic League was formed in Germany. “Remonstrances” was published. JOHN MILTON was born. succeeded by his son LOUIS XIII 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 . Religious freedom was granted in Bohemia. Civil War in Russia. JOHN ROBINSON pastored the Separatist Congregational Church at Scrooby Manor House. The Douay Bible was published. HENRY IV was assassinated. Jamestown was settled by the Virginia Company and the Anglican Church. JAMES ARMINIUS’ “Arminianism” influenced the Anglican Church. SHAKESPEARE wrote “Macbeth” and “King Lear. DIODATI translated the Bible into Italian. 1604 KING JAMES I authorized the translation of the Bible at Hampton Court Conference. HANS LIPPERSHAY invented the microscope. LEO XI and PAUL V became popes. sent it to JAMES I. Poland and Russia were at war. JOHN SMYTH drew up a Confession of Faith. originating in Italy. came into use in France and England. in the Netherlands. Table forks. GUY FAWKES and other “Gunpowder Plotters” were executed. The first bank checks were used.” HENRY JACOB migrated to Holland. The Virginia Company was chartered. JOHN SMYTH and THOMAS HELWYS led a group of English nonconformists to Amsterdam in Holland. Roman Catholic priests were banned from England. The “Pilgrim Church” removed from Amsterdam to Leyden. GALILEO invented the telescope. SIR WALTER RALEIGH was imprisoned.160 Millenary Petition.
and reasserted ultra-Calvinism. HENRY HUDSON discovered Hudson’s Bay. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE died. ALEXANDER WHITAKER led the Anglican Church in Virginia. THOMAS HELWYS and JOHN MURTON organized the General Baptist Church in England. HENRY JACOB pastored the Independents (Congregational) in Southwark. was born. succeeded by his brother MATHIAS over the Holy Roman Empire. American settlers learned the use of rubber from the Indians. GALILEO published his theory that the earth revolves around the sun. Lutheran pastor JOHAN VALENTIN ANDREA began Rosicrucianism. The Seventh Day Baptist General Conference was organized. Lord DELAWARE was appointed governor of Virginia. The Puritans objected to the playing of sports. Denmark and Sweden were at war. SIR WALTER RALEIGH was imprisoned for treason. THOMAS HELWYS compiled Articles of Faith for Baptists.161 in France. JOHN SMYTH died. founding father of English nonconformity. War between Sweden and Poland. The German Protestant Union allied with the Netherlands. THOMAS HELWYS died in Newgate Prison. 1611 The Authorized King James Version of the Bible was published. All Jews were driven out of Frankfort. Germany. The 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 . led by JOHAN VanOLDENBARNEVELDT and HUGH GROTIUS. London. The collected works of JOHN CALVIN were published in Geneva. Baptist EDWARD EIGHTMAN was burned to death over “infant baptism”. SIR WALTER RALEIGH was beheaded for failing to find El Dorado. RUDOLF II died. Catholics persecuted Protestants in Bohemia. RICHARD BAXTER. The Synod of Dort was held by the Reformed Dutch Church to settle differences between Armenians and strict Calvinists.
JOHN BUNYAN was born in Bedford. Bubonic plague hit London. succeeded by FERDINAND II over the Holy Roman Empire. 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 . Patriarch of Constantinople. Cardinal RICHELIEU became chief minister to King LOUIS XIII in France. and the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. The first African slaves were imported to Virginia. The Congregation of Priests of the Mission (Lazarists) were formed by VINCENT DePAUL in France. by Emperor FERDINAND II. Huguenot rebellion against LOUIS XIII. Protestantism was temporarily defeated in Germany at the Battle of White Mountain outside Prague. England. Maine and New Hampshire were settled by the English. CYRIL LUCAR. URBAN VIII became pope.162 Defenestration of Prague sparked the Thirty Years War in Germany. VINCENT DePAUL founded the Order of Sisters of Mercy in Paris. Denmark entered the Thirty Years War. GEORGE FOX was born in England. King JAMES I died and his son CHARLES I became king of England. 1619 The first Lutheran services were held in America on Christmas Day. Pope GREGORY XV adopted January 1st as the beginning of the year instead of March 25th. MATTHIAS died. WILLIAM BRADFORD led the Separatists to America on the “Mayflower”. A Colonial Office was established in London. GREGORY XV became pope. The Mayflower Compact was signed. sent the Codex Alexandrinus to England. The Albigenses were persecuted. WILLIAM BRADFORD became Governor of the Plymouth colony for 30 years. Virginia became a Royal Colony with the Anglican Church as the established church.
163 1626 1627 1628 PETER MINUIT bought Manhattan Island for $24 for the Dutch. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was formed.000 left England for America in 12 years. Manchus occupied Korea.000. formed the Particular Baptists. on August 6th. Mt. ROGER WILLIAMS came from England to Boston and was the first man to be baptized by Baptists in America. The Friesians and the Flemish united under the Dordrech Confession of Faith. The First Congregational Church in America was founded at Salem. Vesuvius erupted. ROGER CONANT founded the Salem Colony in Massachusetts. Connecticut. The Edict of Restitution by Emperor FERDINAND II restored confiscated lands to the Roman Church. and established New York. and only members could vote. GALILEO was condemned by the Inquisition. led by JOHN SPILSBURY. From this group came ROGER WILLIAMS and the American Baptists. The Peace of Alais gave the Huguenots freedom of worship.000 settlers arrived in Massachusetts and founded Boston England made peace with France and Spain. Sweden entered the Thirty Year War. The Alexandrian Manuscript was presented to the British by the Bishop of Constantinople. The Massachusetts General Court made Congregationalism the state religion. ANNE MARBURY HUTCHINSON divided the Massachusetts Bay Colony with her teaching of 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 . Mass. The Apocrypha was omitted from KJV Bibles. JAN AMOS COMENIUS led the Moravian Brethren from Moravia to Poland. The beginning of the Puritan migration in which 20. The Dutch settled at Hartford. JOHN ENDICOTT was Governor of the Puritan Congregationalists in Salem. Earthquake in Naples. killing 3. JOHN WINTHROP’S expedition of 1. Massachusetts. A schism of HENRY JACOB’S London congregation. FRANCIS BACON died. England and France declared war.
Scottish Presbyterians signed the Solemn League and Covenant against Episcopacy. 30. succeeded by his son FERDINAND III as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. Postal service began between London and Edinburgh. settled on the Delaware River. the first Baptist minister in America. Harvard. FERDINAND II died. Mass. The Maryland Colony was established by Roman Catholics under Lord BALTIMORE. JOHN CLARKE. led by PETER MINUIT. STEPHEN DAYE set up the first printing press in America at Cambridge. 1638 1639 1640 1641 . founded the First Baptist Church in America at Newport. French Jesuits settled in Michigan and established a mission. France and Spain were at war.D. 1635 1636 1637 ROGER WILLIAMS was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Particular Baptists were organized. Rhode Island. The Puritans introduced the Root and Branch petition to London Parliament on December 11th.000 Protestants were massacred in Ireland by Roman Catholics.000 Christians were killed in Japan. ROGER WILLIAMS proclaimed complete religious freedom and established Providence in Rhode Island. “The Bay Psalm Book” became the first book printed in America.. Christianity was exterminated in Japan. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were drawn up and a colony was established by THOMAS HOOKER. The Oberammergau Passion Plays began in Bavaria in thankfulness for their being saved from the bubonic plague. America’s first university.164 Antinomianism. Arminianism was officially condemned by the House of Commons in England. JOHN DAVENPORT and THEOPHILUS EATON founded the New Haven Colony. Scotland rebelled and invaded England. Immersion was renewed in England by the Separatists. was founded at Cambridge. JOHN CRANNE prepared the first marginal reference in the English Bible. Swedes. M. Massachusetts. 37.
The first London Confession of Faith was published by the Particular Baptists who organized the London Baptist Association. LOUIS XIII died and was succeeded by his son LOUIS XIV in France. The Parliament of Westminster abolished the use of the Book of Common Prayer. WILLIAM PENN. France entered the Thirty Years War. GEORGE FOX began preaching. ABEL TASMAN discovered Tasmania and New Zealand. The Ming dynasty ended in China and the Manchu dynasty began. Bubonic plague hit England. JOHN ELIOT became a missionary to the Indians of Massachusetts. was born in England on October 14th. Pope URBAN VIII reduced the feast days to 32 per year. was born. SOLOMON STODDARD. Sulpice in Paris. OLIER founded the Society of St. The Confederation of New England was formed. The Westminster Confession of Faith was adopted in Scotland. The Westminster Assembly of Divines used the word “Dissenters” of the five dissenting brethren. The Great Debate at Southwark was held between DANIEL FEATLEY and WILLIAM KIFFIN on October 17th.165 1642 J. A temporary charter for Rhode Island was granted. The Westminster Confession of Faith was completed and adopted at the Cambridge Synod. J. ANTOINE ARNOLD led French and Dutch Roman Catholics in a Jansenism revival. New England laws made church attendance and belief of the Bible compulsory. Immersion Baptists broke from the Particular Baptists. England’s Civil War between the Cavaliers and the Roundheads began. The English Parliament abolished episcopacy. 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 . JOHN BUNYAN was converted. Quaker founder of Pennsylvania. the “Pope” of Connecticut Congregationalism and grandfather of JONATHAN EDWARDS. INNOCENT X became pope.
QUAKERS first appeared in Boston. England. The Act of Religious Toleration was passed in Maryland. Jewish refugees arrived in America from Curacao and established the first Jewish congregation in America. The Calvinistic Presbyterian Church became the official church of England. The pendulum was developed for clocks. The Armenian SixPrinciple Baptists were organized in Providence. CHARLES I was beheaded and OLIVER CROMWELL ruled England. The world population reached 500 million. Scotland and Ireland. Anglican Archbishop JAMES USSHER set the date of creation at 4004 B. GEORGE FOX organized the Society of Friends Church (Quakers) in Westmoorland. BRIAN WALTON edited the London Polyglot Bible in ten languages. CROMWELL prohibited Anglican services in England and expelled all Roman Catholic priests. The General Baptists published their Confession of Faith. Cape Town was founded by the Dutch in South Africa. Lutherans and Presbyterians ended the Thirty Year War and recognized the independence of the Dutch Republic. 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 . OLIVER CROMWELL became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England. Jewish persecution in Poland as 600.C. ALEXANDER VII became pope. The Baptist Association was formed in Wales. Rhode Island. MANASSEH BEN ISRAEL of Amsterdam persuaded CROMWELL to allow Jews to return to England. Puritan rulers made adultery punishable by death. called “Shearith Israel”.166 1648 The Treaty of Westphalia between the Catholics. The Waldenses were massacred in Savoy. English replaced Latin in legal documents. The Society for Propagating the Gospel in New England was incorporated in England. in New York.000 were killed in the Chmelnicky massacres and others sold into slavery in Turkey.
LEOPOLD I became the Holy Roman Emperor. the first American Bible edition. The Conventicle Act in England against nonconformists allowed meetings of five or less people. English monarchy was restored as CHARLES II became king. General Baptist pastor JOHN JAMES was hung. Anglicanism was reestablished in England. succeeded by his son RICHARD in England.167 1658 1659 1660 The Savoy Declaration (Calvinistic Creed) was formulated. The colonies of Connecticut and New Haven united. banning teaching and preaching in England. The Puritans persecuted the Quakers in Massachusetts. Lutherans in America were allowed to have their own clergy. drawn and quartered in London on November 26th. OLIVER CROMWELL died. 1661 1662 1663 1664 . CHARLES II reinstated the Book of Common Prayer.000 Calvinistic clergymen lost their churches. The HalfWay Covenant was adopted by the Puritan Cambridge Synod. He adopted episcopacy again and the Clarendon Code forbade meetings of Puritans. THOMAS VENNER led an uprising to overthrow King CHARLES II. The Corporation Act excluded nonconformists from holding public office. Famine in India. The Act of Uniformity forced nonconformists from schools and churches. MATTHEW HENRY was born in England on October 28th. Connecticut was granted a charter by King CHARLES II. England took the city of New Amsterdam and renamed it New York. Massachusetts granted civil liberty to citizens outside the Congregational Church. The General Assembly of Baptists (Armenian) drew up a London Confession of Faith and formed the Association of General Baptists. JOHN ELIOT translated the Bible into Algonquin. JOHN CLARKE was granted charters for Rhode Island and North Carolina by King CHARLES II. 2.
A Baptist Church.596 in London. Hudson’s Bay Company was incorporated in England. proclaimed himself the Messiah and was converted to Islam. WILLIAM PENN was imprisoned in the Tower of London over the doctrine of the Trinity. The Synod of Bethlehem repudiated all aspects of Patriarch CYRIL LUCAR’S Confession of Faith with its Calvinistic views. Religious freedom was granted to nonconformists Protestants in England. Massachusetts. Cholera epidemic in China. The great five-day fire of London destroyed St. the third in America. Under the Test Act. SABBATAI LEVI. South Carolina was founded. CLEMENT X became pope.168 1665 The Five-Mile Act prohibited nonconformist ministers from conducting services within five miles of corporate towns. STEPHEN MOMFORD organized the Seventh-Day Baptists in Rhode Island. The bubonic plague killed 68. A fourth Baptist Church was organized in Rehoboth. officers of the Crown renounced the doctrine of Trans. The first Armenian Bible was printed. The Muslims banned Hinduism in India. JAN AMOS COMENIUS died November 4th in Holland. JOHN MILTON wrote “Paradise Lost”. 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 . Old Believers left the Russian Orthodox Church. was organized in Boston by THOMAS GOOLD. Paul’s Cathedral.substantiation and excluded Roman Catholics from office in England. a Jew of Smyrna. The Declaration of Indulgence passed Parliament on March 15th. The French and Dutch warred against England. The first Bible in Arabic was printed in Rome. The “New Connection” Free Grace General Baptist Assembly was organized in England. Catholicism was restored in England. CLEMENT IX became pope.
WILLIAM PENN established the Pennsylvania Colony. French Bishop JACQUES BOSSUET produced the Gallican Articles. The dodo bird became extinct. Pennsylvania adopted “The Great Law” guaranteeing religious freedom. England passed the Habeas Corpus Act. Ice cream became popular in Paris. was founded in Bristol. A second London Confession of Particular Baptists was drafted. 58. JOHN BUNYAN published “Pilgrim’s Progress” in February. Thirty-five Roman Catholics were executed in England on a plot to murder King CHARLES. Delaware was given to WILLIAM PENN. JOHN MILTON died. Halley’s Comet reappeared. MIGUEL DeMOLINOS founded Quietism among the Roman Catholics. JEANNE MARIE BOUVIER de LaMOTTE (Madam Guyon) taught Quietism in France. The oldest continuing Presbyterian Church in America was founded in Maryland. SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN began rebuilding St.169 1674 1675 New Jersey was divided into East Jersey and West Jersey. Paul’s Cathedral. New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts. PHILIP JACOB SPENER’S book “Pia Desideria” launched Pietism in German Lutheranism. German Mennonites settled at Germantown near Philadelphia and founded the Mennonite Church in America. The Revised Westminster Confession of the Presbyterians was published. The English Bill of Rights was published. FRANCIS MAKEMIE arrived in the colonies from Ireland. LaSALLE claimed Louisiana Territory for France.000 French Huguenots (Protestants) were forced to “conversion”. the first training school for Baptists. Influenza epidemic in England. INNOCENT XI became pope. 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 . General Baptists produced an Orthodox Creed. Germany and Spain warred with France. Bristol Academy.
and drove 300. An earthquake shattered Smyrna in Turkey. THEODORE FRELINGHUYSEN was born in Germany. An Edict of Toleration was granted to nonconformists.170 1684 1685 COTTON MATHER (Presbyterian) began his writings in Massachusetts. The Act of Grace. EMANUEL SWEDENBORG. mostly to England. The Presbyterian Church was established as the national church in Scotland. The General Assembly of Particular Baptists was organized and the London Confession of Particular Baptists was adopted. The Baptist Articles of Faith were revised. General Six-Principle Baptists organized the first Baptist Association in America. father of the Church of the New Jerusalem. ISAAC NEWTON developed the idea of the law of gravitation. GEORGE FOX died January 13th. The first French settlers arrived in Texas. King CHARLES II died. King JAMES II went into voluntary exile. 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 . succeeded by his brother. was born in Sweden. granting indemnity to supporters of JAMES II. The First Toleration Act allowed freedom of religion to all but Catholics and Unitarians. was passed by King JAMES II. The Glorious Revolution in England drove King JAMES II to Ireland. JOHN BUNYAN died August 31st in London. RICHARD BAXTER died. JOHN RIPPON’S hymnal first came into use among Particular Baptists. ALEXANDER VIII became pope. The Schenectady Massacre in New York by the French and Indians. The Christian Faith Society was founded in London. WILLIAM III and MARY II ruled England. The Venetians fought the Turks for Athens and the Parthenon was partly destroyed by an explosion. INNOCENT XII became pope. The Declaration of Indulgence. was passed in England. King LOUIS XIV revoked the 1598 Edict of Nantes . German composer JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH was born in Thuringia. The first Episcopal Church was opened in America. granting freedom of worship. JAMES II.000 Huguenot Protestants out of France.
THOMAS BRAY founded The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. the French philosopher) was born. Severe earthquake in Jamaica. Free Will Baptists migrated from Wales to Pennsylvania. Massachusetts witch trials. Serfdom was abolished in Denmark. FRANCOIS MARIE AROUET (VOLTAIRE. Cardinal JOSEPH SAENZ de AGUIRRE published a collection of all the Spanish councils. The Anglican Church became the established church of New York. THOMAS BRAY founded the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge in London. The Amish. The Anglican Church became the established church of South Carolina. Captain WILLIAM KIDD was hanged for piracy. Queen MARY died. East Jersey and West Jersey were united as New Jersey. Massachusetts. The New Charter of Massachusetts granted religious freedom to all but Catholics. Yale College was founded by Connecticut Puritans. The Carolina Colony was divided into North and South Carolina. William and Mary College was founded in Virginia by the Episcopalians under JAMES BLAIR. CLEMENT XI became pope. Count NICHOLAS LUDWIG VonZINZENDORF of the Moravians was born May 26th in Germany. The first Public Library in America was established at Charleston. Queen Anne’s War began.171 The witch hunts began in Salem. Sikh Guru GOBIND SINGH created the Khalsa military order in India. South Carolina. Detroit settlement was founded. 1694 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 . began in Switzerland. a Mennonite preacher. The French settled in Alabama.. 1692 1693 Nineteen people were hanged as a result of the Salem. followers of JACOB AMMAN. Maryland was made a Royal Colony.
England and Scotland united into one kingdom called Great Britain. JONATHAN EDWARDS entered Yale University at age 13. 100. ISAAC WATTS composed an English Children’s Hymnal. England on December 16th. England on June 28th. JONATHAN EDWARDS was born in Connecticut on October 5th. ALEXANDER MACK formed the Church of the German Baptist Brethren (Dunkards). Baptists formed The Philadelphia Association. The British captured Port Royal from the French. MATTHEW HENRY died June 22nd. The first Baptist Church in Connecticut was organized. The last execution for witchcraft occurred in England.000 people were killed in a Tokyo earthquake. Huguenot settlers arrived in North Carolina. A great earthquake hit Italy. JOHANN ROCK and LUDWIG GRUBER organized the Amana Church Society. GEORGE WHITEFIELD was born in Gloucester. A volcano erupted in Japan.172 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1710 1711 1712 1714 JOHN WESLEY was born in Epworth. KARL VI became the Holy Roman Emperor. Slave revolts in New York. GILBERT TENNENT was born. The French and Indians massacred the inhabitants of Deerfield. 1715 1716 . Acadia was renamed Nova Scotia. The Pietists in Germany sent BARTHOLOMAUS ZIEGENBALG to India as a Protestant missionary. Connecticut. JOSEF I became ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. Christian religious teaching was prohibited in China by Emperor K’ANG HSI. The first Baptist church was established in Virginia. Indians massacred 200 North Carolina settlers in the Tuscarora War.
The first Grand Lodge of Free Masonry was formed in England. Oratory of Divine Love was founded. Inoculation against smallpox was introduced in England. The Fahrenheit system for measuring temperatures was developed. Compulsory education began in Prussia. DAVID BRAINERD was born on April 20th in Connecticut. New Orleans was founded. PETER BECKER led German Baptist Brethren (Dunkards) to settle in Germantown, Pennsylvania. Jesuits were expelled from Russia. The bubonic plague hit Russia and Europe. JOHN WESLEY entered Oxford University. St. PAUL of the Cross founded the Barefoot Clerks of the Most Holy Cross and Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The Spanish occupied Texas. First settlement in Vermont. INNOCENT XIII became pope. The Swiss introduced rifles to America. The bubonic plague killed 9,000 in France. Moravian Brethren settled in Herrnhut, Germany. JOHN ROGGEVEEN discovered Easter Island and Samoa. CONRAD BEISSEL organized the Seventh Day Baptists in Germantown, Pennsylvania. PETER BECKER organized the first Dunkard Church in America. PASQUIER QUESNEL fled to Holland where he organized the Jansenist Catholic Church. JOHN WITHERSPOON, Presbyterian minister and signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born. BENEDICT XIII became pope. The Society of Ministers of the Baptist Particular Persuasion was organized January 20th. JOHN WESLEY was ordained a deacon and preached his first sermon. JOHN NEWTON, evangelical Anglican clergyman and hymn writer, author of “Amazing Grace”, was born July 24th in England. Czar PETER the Great of Russia died, succeeded by CATHERINE.
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A revival began in the Dutch Reformed Church by THOMAS FRELINGHUYSEN. CHARLES CHAUNCY was ordained October 25th and began an 60-year tenure with First Church, Boston, Massachusetts. The Amish people began to arrive in Pennsylvania. PAUL PALMER formed the Original Free Will Baptist Church in North Carolina. JONATHAN EDWARDS became assistant pastor of the Congregational Church of Northampton, Massachusetts with his grandfather, SOLOMON STODDARD. GEORGE II became ruler of Great Britain. The first Baptist church was established in North Carolina. SAMUEL SEABURY, first bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in America, was born. JOHN WESLEY became leader of “The Holy Club.” The Westminster Confession of Faith was adopted by the American Presbyterians. The first Jewish Synagogue in America was built in New York. SOLOMON STODDARD died. CLEMENT XII became pope. There were 13 Baptist churches in New England. All Protestants were expelled from Salzburg. Louisiana became a French province. GEORGE WHITEFIELD joined “The Holy Club.” The Moravian Brethren started mission work. GEORGE WASHINGTON was born February 22nd in Virginia. Famine in Japan. EBENEZER ERSKINE founded the Original Secession Church, the Associated Presbytery, in Scotland. 8,000 Protestants from Salzburg settled in Savannah as JAMES OGLETHORPE founded Georgia, the 13th British colony, as a refuge for debtors and persecuted Protestants from Germany. Revival in America. “The Great Awakening” was led by JONATHAN EDWARDS and GEORGE WHITEFIELD (Congregational), SAMUEL DAVIS (Presbyterian),
1730 1731 1732
DEVEREUX JARRATT (Methodist Episcopal) and SHUBAL STEARNS and DANIEL MARSHALL (Baptist).
CHARLES WESLEY was ordained in the Church of England. JOHN and CHARLES WESLEY accompanied JAMES OGLETHORPE to Georgia as missionaries of The Propagation Society. The Bible was translated into Lithuanian. JOHN ADAMS was born October 30th in Massachusetts. PAUL REVERE was born. GEORGE WHITEFIELD was ordained and began preaching on June 30th. PATRICK HENRY was born. NICOLAUS LUDWIG vonZINZENDORF became bishop of Renewed Church of Brethren. ALEXANDER CRUDEN’S Concordance was published. THOMAS PAYNE was born. JOHN and CHARLES WESLEY were converted to Christ. GEORGE WHITEFIELD arrived in Georgia. Moravian PETER BOEHLER arrived in America. American Baptists divided into Regular and Separate Baptists. The Methodists withdrew from the Episcopal Church and started a separate denominational existence. British Highwayman DICK TURPIN was executed. LODOVICO A. MURATORI discovered the oldest extant listing of New Testament writings, called “The Muratorian Canon.” The Moravians settled in Pennsylvania. The first Methodist (self-sustaining) Society was organized in London. There were 47 Baptist churches in the colonies. BENEDICT XIV became pope. FREDERICK II the Great granted freedom of worship in Prussia. Smallpox epidemic in Berlin. A breach occurred between JOHN WESLEY (Armenian) and GEORGE WHITEFIELD (Calvinist), and WHITEFIELD became moderator of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Conference. JONATHAN EDWARDS (Congregational) preached his famous sermon, “Sinners in the hands of an angry God” at Enfield, Massachusetts on July 8th. The Presbyterians
1736 1737 1738 1739
split. VICTOR BERING discovered Alaska and the Aleutians. 75% of all children were dying before age 5 in England.
The Philadelphia Baptist Association adopted the 1689 London Confession of Particular Baptists (Calvinist). The first Baptist church was established in Maryland. Moravian College was founded in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The Spanish attacked Georgia through Florida. KARL VII became ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. The first production of HANDEL’S “Messiah.” HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG founded the German Lutheran Church in America. DAVID BRAINERD became a missionary to the Indians. THOMAS JEFFERSON was born April 13th in Virginia. The first annual Conference of Methodists was held in England. France was at war with Austria and Britain. FRANCIS ASBURY was born in England. JOHN CHENNICK joined the Moravians and was ordained. FRANZ I became ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. Princeton University was founded in New Jersey by JONATHAN DICKINSON, a “New Light” Presbyterian. DAVID BRAINERD died October 9th. The Secession Church split. JOHN PAUL JONES was born. JEREMY BENTHAM, founder of Utilitarianism, was born. HENRY MUHLENBERG formed the first Lutheran synod in America. THEODORE FRELINGHUYSEN died. Georgia became a Crown colony. Ohio was first settled. Sign language was invented for the deaf in Portugal. JONATHAN EDWARDS became a missionary to the Mohican Indians. The Douai-Rheims Bible was revised by Bishop CHALLONER. The Industrial Revolution began in Europe. The Charleston Baptist Association was formed in South Carolina. JAMES MADISON was born March 16th in Virginia.
1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751
An Act of Parliament authorized the naturalization of Jews in England. Spain on Nov. JONATHAN EDWARDS became president of Princeton University. Britain declared war on Spain and took Cuba and Manila. SAMUEL JOHNSON published the first English dictionary. The Anglican Church became the established church in Georgia. The Sandy Creek Baptist Association was formed in North Carolina. The seven-year war ended. JAMES WOLFE captured Quebec City from the French. Moscow University was founded. A great fire burned Moscow. FRANCIS ASBURY began preaching. The French and Indian War began.000 in Lisbon. an Anglican minister in New York.177 1752 Great Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar. WILLIAM CAREY was born August 17th in England. An earthquake killed 60. Prussia attacked Saxony and began a seven-year war. England and France were at war. Louisiana was given to Spain and Florida was given to Britain. GEORGE III ruled Britain. King’s College (Columbia University) was founded by SAMUEL JOHNSON. The Associate Presbytery in America was formed. 1753 1754 1755 1756 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 . The British captured Montreal. TIMOTHY DWIGHT was born. Jesuits were expelled from Portugal. GEORGE WASHINGTON built Fort Necessity. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN conducted his kite and key experiment. 1st. but died from a smallpox vaccination. HALLEY’S comet reappeared. JAMES MONROE was born April 28th in Virginia. CLEMENT XIII became pope. The British Museum was founded. Separate Baptists went to Virginia. The London Educational Society was formed. THOMAS GILLESPIE founded the Relief Church. The Jesuits were expelled from France.
The British Stamp Act angered the colonies. LEWIS CRAIG. ANDREW JACKSON was born March 15th in South Carolina. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS was born July 11th in Massachusetts. The Mason-Dixon Line was drawn. THOMAS PARIS and BENJAMIN BLAYNEY revised the 1611 edition of the King James Bible. CATHERINE the Great granted freedom of worship in Russia. The Charleston Baptist Association of South Carolina adopted the London Confession of Particular Baptists (Calvinist). Congregational minister ELEAZOR WHEELOCK founded Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. England. The British imposed a Tea Tax on the colonies. The Dutch Reformed Church founded Queens College (Rutgers University) in New Jersey. The Anglican Church became the established church of North Carolina. PHILIP EMBURY founded the Methodist Episcopal Church in America. The Warren Baptist Association was formed in Rhode Island. The Kehukee Baptist Association was formed in North Carolina. The Baptists founded Rhode Island College (Brown University). Famine in India. ALI BEY made himself the independent sovereign of Egypt. JAMES CHILDS. JAMES COOK visited Polynesia on his trip around the world. GILBERT TENNENT died.178 1764 JOHN NEWTON was appointed pastor in Olney. Wales. CLEMENT XIV became pope. The Massachusetts Assembly was dissolved for failure to assist in the collection of taxes. The Ketockton Baptist Association was formed in Virginia. 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 . Church lands were confiscated in Russia. The Virginia Assembly was dissolved. CHRISTMAS EVANS was born in Cardiganshire. JOHN WALLER and WILLIAM MARCH were arrested and imprisoned in Virginia for witnessing for Christ from the Bible. Sir WILLIAM BLACKSTONE published his Commentaries on the Laws of England. Jesuits were expelled from Spain and Naples.
JAMES WATT invented the steam engine. The first Baptist church was established in Georgia. The Bristol Education Society was formed. The Shakers 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 . “Coventanter Church”. The Stonington Baptist Association was formed in Connecticut. The Boston Massacre against the presence of British troops. The Strawberry Baptist Association was formed in Virginia. The inquisition was abolished in France. was formed. The Boston Tea Party. WILLIAM WILBERFORCE led in having slavery abolished in the British empire. North Carolina in May. The second Continental Congress appointed GEORGE WASHINGTON Commander-in-Chief of its forces. The Battle of Alamance in Orange County. JEREMIAH MOORE was arrested and imprisoned for preaching in Virginia. The first Negro Baptist Church in America was formed at Silver Bluff. The British passed Coercive Acts against the colonies. Salem College was founded in North Carolina. The Declaration of Independence was drafted. South Carolina. The Boston Assembly demanded its rights. JOHN WESLEY sent FRANCIS ASBURY to America. The Jesuits were disbanded by the Pope. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON was born February 9th in Virginia. England hired 29. PIUS VI became pope. The Chemung Baptist Association and the Redstone Baptist Association were formed in Pennsylvania. THEOPHILUS LINDSEY established the first Unitarian Church in London. to 1814. CHARLES WHITFIELD began a 50-year pastorate of the Baptist Church at Hamsterley. The Reformed Presbyterian Church in America. GEORGE WHITEFIELD died September 30th.000 German mercenaries for war. The first edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica was published. The first Continental Congress met at Philadelphia.179 1770 The New Connection of General Baptists was formed in London. LYMAN BEECHER was born in Connecticut.
BENJAMIN RANDALL organized Free Will Baptists on June 30th in New Hampshire.180 organized a Christian socialistic community near Albany. The Schwenkfelder Church was organized in America. An Act of Congress prohibited the import of slaves to America. Great Britain recognized the 1781 1782 1783 . ROBERT RAIKES founded the first Sunday School movement in England in July. A peace treaty was signed in Paris by the United States and Britain. THOMAS CHALMERS was born March 17th in Scotland. The Associate Reformed Synod of the South was formed. ROBERT HINDMARSH organized the Churches of the New Jerusalem (Swedenborgian) in London. MARTIN VAN BUREN was born December 5th in New York. 1777 1778 1779 1780 The Stars and Stripes flag was adopted by the Continental Congress. JOHN MURRAY founded the Universalist Church of America. GEORGE WASHINGTON crossed the Delaware River on December 26th. WILLIAM MILLER. The Aitken Bible became the first Bible to be printed in America. ANDREW FULLER began a 33-year pastorate of the Baptist Church at Kettering. WILLIAM CAREY was baptized October 5th. ELHANAN WINCHESTER organized the Universal Baptists in Philadelphia. Religious tolerance was granted in Austria by the Edict of Tolerance. founder of the Adventist Church. A second Toleration Act allowed religious freedom in England to all but Unitarians. The American Revolution continued. was born. The first Baptist church was organized in Kentucky on June 18th. The Declaration of Independence was adopted. ASAHEL NETTLETON was born in Connecticut. CORNWALLIS surrendered to WASHINGTON. JAMES COOK discovered Hawaii. The Shaftesbury Baptist Association was formed in Vermont. The New Light Baptists joined the Shakers. New York.
Virginia and New York. The United States Constitution was signed in Philadelphia and a Federal Government was established. 1785 1786 1787 1788 . Massachusetts. The United Baptist Churches of Christ were formed. ADONIRAM JUDSON was born. WILLIAM CAREY was ordained in August. The Twenty-five Articles of Religion were published. Maryland. WILLIAM FOX organized the Sunday School Society on September 7th. The state of Franklin was formed in East Tennessee. The Constitution was ratified by Connecticut. RICHARD ALLEN founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church. South Carolina. The Methodist Missionary Society was formed. SHAY’S Rebellion in Massachusetts against high taxes. and the Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States of America was formed at the Baltimore Conference on December 20th. founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and the Churches of Christ. Volcanoes erupted in Japan and Iceland. JAMES MADISON’S Bill for Religious Freedom was passed by the Assembly in December.181 independence of the United States at the Peace of Versailles. Pennsylvania. PETER CARTWRIGHT was born in Virginia. New York City was made the Federal Capital. The Presbyterian revival began at HampdenSidney College in Virginia. Jews were allowed to reside in France. NATHANIEL TAYLOR was born. Famine in Japan. New Hampshire. Famine in Japan. Mennonites settled in Canada. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. The Constitution was ratified by Delaware. New Jersey and Georgia. was born September 12th in Ireland. The first Unitarian Church in America was founded. 1784 THOMAS COKE and FRANCIS ASBURY were appointed joint Superintendents of the Methodist work in America by JOHN WESLEY. Dollar currency was accepted in the United States. ZACHARY TAYLOR was born November 24th in Virginia. The Church of England was disestablished in Virginia.
Maryland. JAMES BUCHANAN was born April 23rd in Pennsylvania. Vermont was admitted as the 14th state. The Federal Capital was moved from New York City to Philadelphia. The Protestant Episcopal Church separated from the Church of England and was established in Pennsylvania. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN died. Washington was founded. FRANZ II became the last ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. The Supreme Court held their first session. JOHN TYLER was born March 29th in Virginia. 1790 1791 1792 . MARTIN HEINRICH KLAPRATH discovered uranium. A new French Revolutionary calendar eliminated Sundays for 12 years. Kentucky was admitted as the 15th state. The National Assembly of France declared church lands to be public property. GEORGE WASHINGTON became the first President. The District of Columbia was established. CHRISTMAS EVANS was ordained and began preaching in Wales. Rhode Island ratified the Constitution and became the 13th state. and established Georgetown University. The first U. JAMES O’KELLY organized the Republican Methodists. North Carolina was admitted as the 12th state.182 1789 The Bethel Baptists Association was formed in South Carolina. The Bill of Rights was ratified. S. JOHN ADAMS was Vice-President. JOHN CARROLL was appointed the first Roman Catholic Bishop in the United States at Baltimore. The first Roman Catholic Synod was formed by Bishop CARROLL in Baltimore. FINNEY was born in Connecticut. Congress met in New York. The Presbyterian General Assembly was organized. to 1804. The Baptist Missionary Society was formed to support WILLIAM CAREY who went to India as a missionary. CHARLES G. Republican and Federalist Parties were formed in the United States. Mutiny on the “Bounty” occurred on April 28th. JOHN WESLEY died March 9th. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE invaded Europe. The French Revolution began.
Congregational missionary to the South Pacific islands. JAMES and ROBERT HALDANE founded the Society for Propagating the Gospel at Home. The English Baptist Home Mission Society was formed. Episcopal King’s Church in Boston became the first Unitarian Church in the U. Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania. The Scottish Missionary Society was founded. The London Missionary Society was formed. who taught Bible and Theology at Princeton for 58 years. CHARLES HODGE. The German Reformed created a national church. MARIE ANTOINETTE was executed. JAMES KNOX POLK was born November 2nd in North Carolina. The 11th Amendment to the Constitution passed. ROBERT MOFFAT was born in Scotland. The American Dutch Reformed Church was formed. The United States Navy was established. Tennessee was admitted as the 16th state. JOHN ADAMS was elected the second President with THOMAS JEFFERSON the Vice-President. was born. The Netherlands Missionary Society was formed. A Reign of Terror began in France as Roman Catholicism was banned. The cornerstone of the White House was laid. S. ALEXANDER KILHAN formed the Methodist New Connection. NAPOLEON invaded Austria and Rome. was born December 27th. The John Jay Treaty between the United States and Britain was signed. Midland College was 1794 1795 1796 1797 . Smallpox vaccine was introduced by EDWARD JENNER.183 1793 ROBERT HALL published “Apology for the Freedom of the Press” at Cambridge. ELI WHITNEY invented the cotton gin. Compulsory public education began in France. The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was organized. GEORGE WASHINGTON gave his “Farewell Address”. NAPOLEON put down the insurrection in Paris and freedom of worship was restored. JOHN WILLIAMS. The New York Missionary Society was formed September 21st. The Glasgow Missionary Society was formed.
The Library of Congress was established. PIUS VII became pope. GEORGE WASHINGTON died December 14th. U. Federal offices were moved from Philadelphia to Washington. NAPOLEON took Syria and Turkey and assumed control of all France. BOEHM formed the United Brethren in Christ. founder of Dispensationalism and the Plymouth Brethren. Our first naval vessel. “The Butcher”. “Scribe of the Reformation”. JACOB ALBRIGHT formed the Evangelical Church. ONCKEN was born in Germany. PHILIP WILLIAM OTTERBEIN and M. was born. Spain sold the Louisiana Territory to France. died. with British help. defended Acre against NAPOLEON. C. Concordat between NAPOLEON and PIUS VII 1799 1800 1801 . The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was created. The August Cane Ridge Revival in Bourbon County. MILLARD FILLMORE was born January 7th in New York. “United States”. ABNER JONES formed the First Christian Church in New England. 1798 The Missionary Society of Connecticut was formed by the Congregationalists. JOHN NELSON DARBY. JOHANN G. was launched in Philadelphia. S. The Protestant Union was formed. PHILIP MELANCHTON.184 founded by the London Education Society. NAPOLEON conquered Italy. The African Episcopal Zion Church was formed in New York. Pope PIUS VI vacated to France.000 people for a week. The Separate and Regular Baptists united. Kentucky became the “Second Great Awakening” as Presbyterian. PETER CARTWRIGHT was converted to Christ and began preaching. Mississippi Territory was created. Methodist and Baptist ministers preached to 25. The Rosetta Stone was found in Egypt. The Baptist Union of Wales was founded. AHMED EL JAZZAR. The Church of England founded the Church Missionary Society in London. JOSEPH HUGHES founded the Religious Tract Society. THOMAS JEFFERSON was elected the third President. D. NAPOLEON invaded Italy and defeated Egypt at the Battle of the Pyramids.
NAPOLEON was crowned King of Italy and defeated the Austrians and Russians. TIMOTHY DWIGHT led a Congregational revival at Yale University. Prussia declared war on France. Horton Academy (Rawdon College) was founded by the Northern Baptist Education Society in Yorkshire. The New Connection Baptists and General Baptists separated over the issue of unitarianism. GEORGE RAPP founded the Harmony Society in Pennsylvania. was born. JACOB ALBRIGHT founded the United States Evangelical Association. founder of Mormonism. was born December 23rd in Vermont. 1802 The Massachusetts Baptist Mission Society was organized. FWA SERTURNER discovered morphine. The 12th Amendment to the Constitution. NAPOLEON declared himself First Consul of France. ROBERT FULTON produced the first submarine. JOSEPH SMITH. Louisiana was purchased by the U. The Haystack Prayer Meetings began. ROBERT FULTON invented the steamboat. FRANKLIN PIERCE was born November 23rd in New Hampshire. from France. Vice-President AARON BURR killed ALEXANDER HAMILTON in a duel. Ohio was admitted as the 17th state. S. JOHN 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 . The Tripolitan War began. GEORGE MUELLER was born September 7th in Prussia. founder of American Religious Liberalism. Pope PIUS VII crowned NAPOLEON Emperor of France. The Sunday School Union was formed in England. Holy Roman Emperor FRANZ II became the Austrian Emperor. JOSEPH HUGHES formed the British and Foreign Bible Society. HORACE BUSHNELL. MERIWETHER LEWIS and WILLIAM CLARK began an expedition of the western United States. The German Roman Empire fell to NAPOLEON. The Maine Baptist Missionary Society was organized.185 compromised the Roman Church and State in France.
Prussia and Portugal.186 NEWTON died. Andover Theological Seminary was founded by the Congregationalists. JUAREZ vs. was born December 19th in Scotland. HORATIUS BONAR. S. ANDREW JOHNSON was born December 29th in North Carolina. NAPOLEON divorced JOSEPHINE and was excommunicated by Pope PIUS VII. JAMES MADISON was elected the 4th president. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL came to America from Ireland. ABRAHAM LINCOLN was born February 12th in Kentucky. The Baptist Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in India and Other Foreign Parts was formed. THOMAS CAMPBELL founded the Christian Association of Washington. NAPOLEON abolished the inquisition in Spain and Italy. THOMAS CAMPBELL and his son ALEXANDER founded the Disciples of Christ (Campbellites) on May 4th in Pennsylvania. NAPOLEON defeated Russia. THOMAS PAYNE died. Regent’s Park College was established. The U. ADONIRAM JUDSON went to Burma as a missionary. The Abyssinian Baptist Church was founded. The Baptist Education Society was formed. The International Bible Society was founded in New York City. Indians of the Northwest were defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe.881. JOHN HERR organized the Reformed Mennonite Church. The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mission was formed. CHARLES DARWIN was born. Illinois Territory was established.239. Pompeii excavations began. The population of the United States was 7. LORENZO DOW formed the Primitive Methodist Church. The Cumberland Presbyterian Church was formed February 10th by JAMES McGREADY. The Mexican Revolution began September 15th. gospel songwriter and minister. declared war on Britain and the War of 1809 1810 1811 1812 . NAPOLEON and MAXIMILIAN. THOMPSON translated the “Septuagint” from Greek to English. 1808 The Baptist Church of Christ was founded in Tennessee.
Brazil declared independence. The African Missionary Society was founded. The Congress of Vienna outlawed slave trade in Europe. The American Education Society was founded. The Female Union for the Promotion of Sabbath Schools was formed by JOANNE BETHUNE. 1813 ROBERT MURRAY McCHEYNE was born May 21st in Scotland. Washington. The Third Toleration Act in England included all religions. “Defense of Fort McHenry” which became “The StarSpangled Banner”. The African Union 1814 1815 1816 . HENRY WARD BEECHER was born in Connecticut. 92. Helena. In Indonesia. The American Bible Society was formed by ELIAS BOUDINOT. our national anthem. The Triennial Convention of Baptists was formed in Philadelphia. The Basel Missionary Society was founded. The war ended December 24th with the Treaty of Ghent. The Irish Missionary Society was formed. The East India Company opened India to missions. The USS Fulton became the first steam warship. NAPOLEON invaded Russia and entered a burned Moscow. C. The Baptist Home Mission Society for Scotland was formed. DAVID LIVINGSTONE was born in Scotland. was burned by the British. The Baptist Irish Society was formed.187 1812 began. reconstituting the Jesuits. The General Baptist Missionary Society was formed. NAPOLEON was defeated at Waterloo and exiled to St. NAPOLEON was defeated and Mexico declared their independence. The African Baptist Mission Society was formed. NAPOLEON was banished to Elba on April 11th. The Aged and Infirm Baptist Ministers’ Society was formed. FRANCIS SCOTT KEY wrote a poem. Louisiana was admitted as the 18th state. D. Missouri Territory was organized.000 died in the Sumbawa volcano eruption. Jews of Prussia were granted full civil rights. Norway became independent of Denmark. Pope PIUS VII returned to Rome and restored the inquisition. The Americans defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
000 hymns. The Lutheran Church. Florida was purchased from Spain. South Africa as a missionary. WILLIAM E. Louis. the father of popular Sunday School music. TIMOTHY DWIGHT died. The Congregational Church was disestablished in Connecticut. Illinois was admitted as the 21st state. Chile declared independence. Venezuela declared independence. blind song writer who wrote approximately 9. WILLIAM B. FRANCES JANE (FANNY) CROSBY. Indiana was admitted as the 19th state. 1817 The Wesleyan Missionary Society was formed. was formed. JAMES MONROE was elected the 5th president. ROBERT MOFFAT went to Cape Town. The border between the United States and Canada was determined at the 49th Parallel. The first Baptist church was organized in France. JOHN PHILIP was Superintendent of Congregationalist missions in South Africa. The Lutheran and Reformed Churches in Prussia formed the Evangelical Union. A 12-hour work day was set for juveniles in England.188 Methodist Protestant Church was formed. General Synod. Mississippi was admitted as the 20th state. Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state. BRADBURY. Seminole Indian War in Florida. was born October 6th in Maine. The Russian Bible Society was formed. Egyptian ruler MEHEMET ALI gave Cleopatra’s Needles to Britain and the United States. Construction began on the Erie Canal. CHANNING formed the Unitarian Church from the Congregationalists. Missouri. The first American steamship crossed the Atlantic Ocean. The Congregational Church was disestablished in New Hampshire. was 1818 1819 1820 . JOHN CHARLES RYLE was born May 16th in England. The Theological Institution of the Baptist General Convention was formed. FRANCIS ASBURY died March 31st. The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church was established. The African Methodist Episcopal Church was formed by RICHARD ALLEN. The first Baptist church was organized in St.
Maine was admitted as the 24th state. JOHN ADAMS and THOMAS JEFFERSON both died July 4th. Guatemala. RUTHERFORD B. Mexico became a Republic. Bolivia declared independence from Peru. U. The Brethren in Christ Church was formed in Pennsylvania. CHANNING founded the American Unitarian Association Church. The American Sunday School Union was formed by JOANNA BETHUNE. Brazil became independent of Portugal. The Monroe Doctrine passed. W. S. The Confederation of United Provinces of Central America was formed. Fire destroyed St. Newton Theological Institution was founded near Boston. HAYES was born October 4th in Ohio. The London Zoological Society was formed. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE died. The first Burmese War. 1823 1824 1825 1826 .6 million. Peru. Paul’s Without-The-Walls”. GRANT was born April 27th in Ohio. JOSEPH ASPDIN produced Portland cement. The Erie Canal opened. 1822 The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church was formed. The United Secession Church was formed. Queen’s College became Rutgers University. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS was inaugurated as the 6th president. The Baptist General Tract Society was formed.189 born March 24th in New York. The American Tract Society was formed. The American Society for Promoting Temperance was formed. DANIEL PARKER formed the Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists in Illinois. LEO XII became pope. The Congregational Church was disestablished in Maine. WILLIAM WILBERFORCE formed the Antislavery Association in England. population was 9.” The Oxford Union Society was formed. ULYSSES S. E. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL began publishing “The Christian Baptist. The Duck River Associations of Baptists were formed. Uruguay declared independence from Brazil. The American Home Missionary Society was formed. The Royal Asiatic Society was formed. Panama and San Domingo declared independence from Spain.
The Greek War of Independence was won from Turkey-Egyptian forces on October 20th. Ararat. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL separated from the Baptists and founded the Disciples of Christ. The first typewriter was patented. JOHN N. DARBY of the Church of Ireland organized the Plymouth Brethren in Dublin. The American Peace Society was organized. The Catholic Apostolic Church was formed in England. 1828 1829 1830 . Sulfur matches were introduced. ABSALOM BACKUS EARLE began his ministry. The independence of Greece was acknowledged by the Treaty of Adrianople in September. The Christian Church was founded by BARTON W. JOHN WINEBRENNER founded the Churches of God in North America. was born. General Eldership. LOUIS BRAILLE published an alphabet for the blind. PIUS VIII became pope. The London Missionary Society sent JOHN WILLIAMS to Samoa. pioneer leader of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. The first photograph was made. The New Hampshire Confession of Faith was drawn up by the Baptist Convention in New Hampshire. The Nova Scotia Baptist Education Society was formed. PARROT on October 9th became the first person to climb to the summit of Mt. ELLEN GOULD HARMON WHITE. ANDREW JACKSON. was elected the 7th president.190 1827 Baptist mission work was begun in Mexico by JAMES THOMPSON. The Catholic Emancipation Act allowed voting and the filling of public offices in Britain by Catholics. “Old Hickory”. founder of the Salvation Army. Russian FRIEDRICH W. GEORGE MUELLER went to England. WILLIAM BOOTH. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was first built in the U. STONE in Kentucky from the Presbyterians. NOAH WEBSTER published the American Dictionary of the English Language. S. JOSEPH SMITH organized the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) on April 6th. The Protestant Methodist Church was formed. Slavery was abolished in Mexico. was born.
Oberlin College was founded in Ohio with CHARLES G. JAMES A. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL’S Disciples of Christ. The American Baptist Home Mission Society was formed in New York City on April 27th. GARFIELD was born November 19th in Ohio. CYRUS 1832 1833 1834 . the “Singing Pilgrim” was born in New York. Cholera epidemic in America. JAMES HUDSON TAYLOR was born in England. JOHN KEBLE began The Oxford Movement in England. 1831 GREGORY XVI became pope. ARTHUR was born October 5th in Vermont. WILLIAM IV became king of England. Australia. The New England Antislavery Society was founded in Boston. The Congregational Church was disestablished in Massachusetts. WILLIAM CAREY died June 9th. A peace treaty was signed between Egypt and Syria. ABNER JONES’ Baptists and BARTON STONE’S Presbyterians allied to form The Christian Connection. CHESTER A. Ecuador became a Republic. Chloroform was invented. The Whig Party began in America. pioneer missionary to Indonesia under the Rhenish Missionary Society. was born. The Methodist Protestant Church was formed in Baltimore. JAMES MONROE died July 4th. Cholera epidemic in central Europe. The Baptist Missionary Convention of Upper Canada was formed. LUDWIG INGWER NOMMENSEN. PHILIP PHILLIPS. Haverford was founded by the Quakers. Slavery was abolished in the British Empire.191 JOSEPH SMITH published “The Book of Mormon”. DeWITT TALMAGE was born. CHARLES HADDON SPURGEON was born June 19th at Essex. JAMES O’KELLEY’S Republican Methodists. Insurrection of slaves in Jamaica. FINNEY as its first president. WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON formed the American Antislavery Society. JOHN McKAEG began the first Baptist church in Sydney. Turkish Palestine and Syria were invaded by Egyptians. BENJAMIN HARRISON was born August 20th in Ohio.
192 McCORMICK invented the reaper. England introduced official birth registration. BLISS. MARTIN VAN BUREN was elected the 8th president. The first iron steamship was launched. The first bicycle was built. 150 Americans were killed at the Alamo. The Christian Reformed Church was organized. GEORGE MUELLER’S Bristol orphanage opened. founder of Pragmatism. A. 1835 The Primitive Baptist (Old School or Anti-Mission) were organized in New York by DANIEL PARKER. Queen VICTORIA ruled England. SAMUEL COLT patented his revolver. GEORGE RIPLEY began the religion of Transcendentalism. Baptists organized The American and Foreign Bible Society in Philadelphia. The first Danish Baptist Church was organized at Copenhagen. DWIGHT L. Michigan was admitted as the 26th state. MOODY was born February 5th in Massachusetts. JOHN DEERE made the first steel plow. was born in Massachusetts. was born July 9th in Pennsylvania. A boundary treaty with Texas was signed. The first Baptist church in Texas was organized in Washington County. The first woman was ordained a deaconess in the Lutheran Church in Germany. Tenri-Kyo. J. LEWIS SHUCK began Baptist mission work in South China. GROVER CLEVELAND was born March 18th in New Jersey. The first 1836 1837 1838 1839 . CHRISTMAS EVANS died. Arkansas was admitted as the 25th state. London Bridge opened. CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE. Wisconsin territory was organized. Texas became a Republic on Texas Independence Day from Mexico March 2nd. gospel songwriter. The Liberty Bell cracked. PHILIP P. HALLEY’S comet reappeared. was founded in Japan by NAKAYAMA MIKI. JAMES MADISON died June 28th. The Ottawa Baptist Association was formed. ISAAC PITMAN developed shorthand. The second Seminole War in Florida. J. Civil war in Spain and Ecuador. “religion of divine wisdom”. GORDON was born in New Hampshire. The Spanish Inquisition was suppressed.
SIMPSON was born December 15th. population was 17 million. GEORGE WILLIAMS founded the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in England. Vice President JOHN TYLER succeeded him as the 10th president. The American and Foreign Free Baptist Board of Foreign Missions was formed in Boston. The Free Methodist Church was formed. B’nai B’rith was founded in New York. The first wagon crossed the Oregon Trail.S. The U. ASAHEL NETTLETON died May 16th.193 baseball game was played in Cooperstown. THOMAS CHALMERS led 470 Scottish ministers to form the United Free Church of Scotland. The Missionary Baptists (Baptist Churches of Christ) were formed. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON died April 4th of pneumonia one month after his inauguration. B. The Sunday School Institute was formed in England. WILLIAM McKINLEY was born January 29th in Ohio. Dissenters were allowed to hold title to church property in England. The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church was formed in Ireland. The Old Order Brethren (Yorkers) was established. BRENTON translated the Septuagint into English. The Bible Translation Society was organized in England. The American Baptist Publication and Sunday School Society was formed. 1840 ALEXANDER MacLAREN was baptized in Australia. CHARLES GOODYEAR vulcanized rubber. The Methodist Episcopal Church split over the issue of slavery and became Northern and Southern. This was the year Adventist WILLIAM MILLER had set for the return of Christ in 1835. The first Opium War between Britain and China. A. SANKEY was born. The Sinaitic 1841 1844 . Egypt lost sovereignty over Syria. New York. IRA D. The Baptist Union of Scotland was formed. The Wesleyan Methodist Church was begun from the Methodist Episcopal Church. ROBERT MURRAY McCHEYNE died on March 25th. Babism (Baha’i) began in Persia (Iran) by MIRZA ALI MUHAMMAD. The Freewill Baptist Antislavery Society was organized in New Hampshire.
Gold was discovered in California. NILSON organized the first Baptist church in Sweden. ANDREW JACKSON DAVIS founded Spiritualism. Chloroform was first used as an anesthetic. 147 Mormons founded Salt Lake City.S. JAMES WHITE founded the Seventh-Day Adventists. The Relief Church and the United Secession Church merged into the United Presbyterian Church. The U. General ZACHARY TAYLOR led the War with Mexico. The Triennial Convention was renamed The American Baptist Missionary Union. POLK was elected the 11th president.194 Manuscript was recovered at Mt. South. The U. Texas was admitted as the 28th state. Florida was admitted as the 29th state. 1845 The New London Strict Association was formed.S. JAMES K. The Maritime Baptist Convention was organized in Nova Scotia. O. Maryland. The Southern Baptist Convention separated from the General Convention. BRIGHAM YOUNG led the Mormons to Utah. The Lutheran Church. THOMAS CHALMERS died May 30th. Iowa was admitted as the 29th state. WILLIAM MILLER founded the Adventist Association. SAM JONES was born October 16th. Missouri Synod. The Methodist Episcopal Church. KARL MARK met FRIEDRICH ENGELS in Paris. B. BENEDICT WEYENETH organized the Apostolic Christian Church of America. ELIAS HOWE invented the sewing machine. PIUS IX became pope in Rome. The U. Famine in Ireland. ANDREW JACKSON died June 8th.S. F. MORSE’S telegraph was used between Baltimore and Washington. Sinai. declared war on Mexico. Naval Academy was established at Annapolis. captured Mexico City and the Mexican War ended. The first Baptist church on the Pacific Coast was organized at 1846 1847 1848 . JOHN THOMAS organized the Christadelphians. The Evangelical Alliance of Great Britain was founded in London. was organized. SAMUEL F. BRIGHAM YOUNG succeeded JOSEPH SMITH as head of the Mormon Church. was formed. The Armenian Evangelical Church was formed in Istambul.
The American Bible Union was formed. President TAYLOR died of sunstroke on July 9th and Vicepresident MILLARD FILLMORE became the 13th president. H. SPURGEON was baptized May 3rd. The Adventist Church of God in Christ was founded. JONATHAN CUMMINGS formed the Advent Christian 1850 1851 1852 . with 3. JOHN WALSO organized The Life and Advent Union. population was 23 million. The Regular Baptist Missionary Convention of Canada. U. ADONIRAM JUDSON died. Spiritualism became an organized religion. KARL MARX and FRIEDRICH ENGELS published “The Communist Manifesto”. WALTER HUNT invented the safety pin. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS died February 23rd. JAMES HUDSON TAYLOR was converted to Christ. Maine and Illinois introduced prohibition. CHARLES H. 1849 The Union of the Associated Churches of Baptized Christians in Germany and Denmark was formed. Cuba declared independence. California became American territory. SPURGEON was converted to Christ on January 6th. ZACHARY TAYLOR was elected the 12th president. California was admitted as the 31st state.S. DeWITT TALMAGE was converted to Christ and joined the Dutch Reformed Church. The American Christian Missionary Society was formed. The Oneida Community was founded by JOHN HUMPHREY NOYES in New York. The Congregational Methodist Church was formed in Georgia. The name “Renaissance” was first used for that period between 1350 and 1650. The Louisiana Purchase was opened for settlement. CHARLES H. The speed of light was measured. West.2 million slaves. POLK died June 15th. S. In New York. ISAAC SINGER patented the sewing machine. GEORGE PATTON founded the Church of God (New Dunkards).195 Oregon City by HEZEKIAH JOHNSON. FROEHLICH organized the Apostolic Christian Church. The California gold rush was on. was formed. Wisconsin was admitted as the 30th state. JAMES K. The first Baptist church was organized in Hungary.
pastor of a Congregational church.S. The Crimean War began. was founded. A Reform Bill in England opened Oxford and Cambridge Universities to non-Church of Englanders. The Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) was formed in England. WILLIAM BOOTH began his ministry in the Methodist Church. CHARLES H. 1853 1854 ANTOINETTE BROWN. The first use of individual communion cups was in the North Baptist Church of Rochester. MOODY was converted to Christ and baptized at Mount Vernon Congregational Church May 3rd. The first Plenary Council of American Roman Catholics was held at Baltimore. The Burials Act allowed dissenters to be buried in town cemeteries. Spurgeon’s College was founded in London. TORREY was born. massacred five slavers at Potawatomie Creek. DWIGHT L. The Baptist General Conference was formed. PATON went as a missionary to the New Hebrides Islands in the South Pacific. led by JOHN BROWN. The first Baptist church in New Zealand was formed. Kansas. WOODROW WILSON was born December 28th in Virginia. Congress organized the Kansas and Nebraska Territories. Washington Territory was formed. 1855 1856 . The United Zion’s Children (Brinsers) was formed. REUBEN A. FRANKLIN PIERCE was elected the 14th president. Freestaters. The Gadsden purchase of territory from Mexico. JAMES BUCHANAN was elected the 15th president. New York. The Purgatorian Society was formed by Roman Catholics. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE published “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”. SPURGEON began pastoring. ROBERT DICK WILSON was born in Pennsylvania. Wells Fargo Co.196 Church. HUDSON TAYLOR went to China under the China Evangelization Society as a missionary.S. JOHN G. The Republican Party was formed in the U. became the first woman officially ordained in the U. The Immaculate Conception of Mary was made Roman dogma by Pope PIUS IX on December 8th.
South Carolina by JAMES P. MORRISON was born. exponent of the philosophy Phenomenology. THEODORE ROOSEVELT was born October 27th in New York. The Atlantic cable was completed.. M. The Comstock Lode was discovered in Nevada. Inc. LIONEL de ROTHSCHILD became the first Jewish member of the British Parliament. was born. A transatlantic cable was laid. BERNADETTE of Lourdes had her 18 “visions” of the Virgin Mary. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state. NATHANIEL TAYLOR died. The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary was started at Greenville. was born February 26th. missionary to China and Korea. was born. Armenian Methodists and Welsh Independent Methodists. Pennsylvania. The Amana Society (Community of True Inspiration. The Universities’ Mission to Central Africa was formed. The Suez Canal Company was formed. JOHN A. SHELDON. and WILLIAM WILLIAMS. BROADUS. KAWATE BUNJIRO founded the Konko Kyo religion in Japan. BOYCE. C. The Christian Reformed Church was formed. The “Gospel Mission” controversy in the Southern Baptist Convention led to the Landmarkists’ (led by JAMES R.) was founded in Iowa. WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT was born September 15th in Ohio. BASIL MANLY. China opened to missionaries. GRAVES and J. H. The first oil well was drilled at Titusville. EDMUND HUSSERL. the United Free Church was formed by a merger of the Protestant Methodists. JONATHAN GOFORTH. Wesleyan Methodist Association. PENDLETON) establishing their own missions. The United Presbyterian Church of North America was formed. CHARLES M.” 1858 1859 . J. author of “In His Steps”. JOHN HOLDEMAN formed the Church of God in Christ (Mennonite). Work on the Suez Canal began. ISAAC THOMAS HECKER founded The Society of Paulist Fathers in New York City. JR. WILBUR CHAPMAN was born in Indiana. CHARLES DARWIN published “Origin of the Species. DRED SCOTT decision by the Supreme Court.197 1857 In Great Britain.
T. The English Church Union was formed. B. B. L. The Mennonite Brethren Church of North America was organized. South Carolina. Bull Run. JOHN BROWN raided Harper’s Ferry on October 16th. D. Arkansas. MARTIN was born in Mississippi. The first oil well in Kansas was drilled. Kansas was admitted as the 34th state. was born in Budapest. population was 32 million. effective January 1. RYMKER organized the first Baptist church in Norway. The Advent Christian Church was formed. The Seventh-Day Adventist Church was organized. RICHARD GATLING invented the machine gun. RILEY was born in Indiana. Fredericksburg. The Pony Express began in April. Chancellorsville and Antietim. The Civil War began April 12th at Fort Sumter. Alabama. BILLY SUNDAY was born November 19th in Iowa The Emancipation Proclamation. GYPSY SMITH was born March 31st in England. THEODOR HERZL. Austrian Jewish founder of political Zionism. 1860 FREDERICK L. ABRAHAM LINCOLN was elected the 16th president. J. T. North Carolina and Tennessee seceding from the Union.198 Oregon was admitted as the 33rd state. U. Texas. ROBERTS formed the Free Methodist Church of North America. WILLIAM BOOTH began his independent evangelistic work. SPURGEON built the Metropolitan Tabernacle in London. HOLMES began a Baptist mission work in North China. CHARLES H. T.S. MOODY began full-time work for Christ. South Carolina seceded from the Union. The first telegram to California was sent October 24th. STUDD was born in England. Florida. W. L. T. The Confederate States of America was organized with Mississippi. Georgia. Louisiana. Virginia. VICTOR EMMANUEL unified Italy. was made on September 22nd. C. Admiral FARRAGUT captured 1861 1862 . JEFFERSON DAVIS was inaugurated as President of the Confederacy in February. REUBEN (UNCLE BUD) ROBINSON was born in Tennessee. Russian serfs were emancipated. Battles of Shiloh. 1863.
on December 8th. ABRAHAM LINCOLN was reelected president. “The Immaculate Conception”. The Territory of Montana was organized.S. JAMES HUDSON TAYLOR founded The China Inland Mission. 1863 A. JOHN TYLER died January 18th. Pope PIUS IX issued the papal bull. The Baptist Sunday School Board was formed. The International Red Cross was founded. SPURGEON began publication of “The Sword and Trowel”. WILLIAM BOOTH organized The Christian Revival Association in London. T. GORDON began his ministry in Boston. The Bible Translation Society and the Irish Missionary Society joined to form The British and Irish Baptist Home Mission Society. The Brethren in Christ was formed. CHARLES H. The Christian Union was organized.S.199 New Orleans. B. ROBERTSON was born in Virginia. Arizona and Idaho were organized as U. The words “In God We Trust” first appeared on U. coins. President LINCOLN delivered his “Gettysburg Address. The North American Baptist General Conference was 1864 1865 .” The French captured Mexico City and made MAXIMILIAN Emperor of Mexico. The Knights of Pythias was founded. LOUIS PASTEUR invented pasteurization. Congress established free city mail delivery. The Geneva Convention established the neutrality of battlefield facilities. J. CAMPBELL MORGAN was born in England. The New York Protestant Episcopal City Mission was formed. Bangor College was established in Wales. The Southern Australia Baptist Association was formed. West Virginia broke from Virginia to form the 35th state. Territories. The first paper money was issued in the U.S. an offshoot of Islam. HENRY FORD was born. SIMPSON was ordained to the ministry. The Presbyterian Church in the United States was formed. A. G. JOHN “PRAYING” HYDE was born. MARTIN VAN BUREN died July 24th. Nevada was admitted as the 36th state. General SHERMAN’S march to the sea. Rhode Island College was established for American Baptists. in Persia. BAHA’U’LLAH formed Baha’ism. LYMAN BEECHER died. A.
GRANT was elected the 18th president. The Samurai were abolished in Japan by the Meiji. Arabs in Transjordan unearthed the Moabite Stone. WILLIAM E. The National Camp Meeting Association for the Promotion of Christian Holiness was formed. Alaska was purchased for $7. “Black Friday” on the London Stock Exchange. JAMES BUCHANAN died June 1st. The first Baptist church was organized in Finland. The Chisholm Trail from Texas to Kansas was opened. BIEDERWOLF was born. HENRY EGLY founded the Defenseless Mennonite Church. LEO TOLSTOY published “War and Peace”. DAVID LIVINGSTONE explored the Congo. HARDING was born November 2nd in Ohio. L. The Baptist Union of Wales was formed. The Reformed Church in America was formed. The Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski. The Zion Union Apostolic 1867 1868 1869 . WILLIAM R. Confederate surrender at Appomatox Court House on April 9th. GEORGE W. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution established the rights of citizens. Tennessee. died April 15th and Vice-president ANDREW JOHNSON became the 17th president. The Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions was formed. TRUETT was born May 6th in North Carolina. Nebraska was admitted as the 37th state. Oil was discovered in Texas.2 million. H.200 formed. 1866 Bethel Seminary was founded in Sweden by the Baptists. The Adventist Church of God split from the Seventh-Day Adventist. The Social Brethren were organized. NEWELL was born. CARROLL was ordained to the ministry. The American Evangelical Alliance was founded. JESSE and FRANK JAMES began their outlaw career. assassinated on April 14th by JOHN WILKES BOOTH. B. The Civil War officially ended May 26th. Gold was discovered in Wyoming. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. D. ULYSSES S. The Baptist Union of Scotland was formed. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery. ALFRED NOBEL patented dynamite. WARREN G. MOODY became President of the Chicago YMCA.
They declared “The Pope is Christ in office. Baptist mission work began in Italy under WILLIAM N. GEORGE MUELLER had 2.100 orphans in 5 homes. population was 39 million. SCARBOROUGH was born in Louisiana. LEWIS SPERRY CHAFER was born February 27th in Ohio. L. 1870 The First Vatican Council declared the Assumption of Mary and Papal Infallibility. excommunicated over the “Papal Infallibility” issue.S.S. Texas and Mississippi were readmitted to the Union. The U. The Italian army took Rome from France. formed the Old Catholic Church. Dallas was incorporated as a city. Uniform Sunday School lessons were adopted. COTE. JACOB WISLER founded the Old Order Mennonite Church. JERRY MacAULEY opened the Water Street Mission in New York. The Cincinnati Red Stockings became the first professional baseball team. German theologian ALBRECHT RITSCHL developed a constructive theology called “Ritschlianism”. National Prohibition Party was formed in Chicago. MEL TROTTER was born in Illinois. Christ in jurisdiction and power. The Suez Canal opened. A fire destroyed Chicago. FORSTER’S Education Bill established public schools in England. PETER 1871 1872 . TIMOTHY RICHARD began missionary work in China. IGNATZ VON DOLLINGER. CHARLES TAZE RUSSELL began his Jehovah’s Witnesses teaching. CHARLES DARWIN wrote “The Descent of Man”. R.” General Baptist formed a General Association. DeWITT TALMAGE pastored the Central Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn. The 15th Amendment passed allowing the Negro vote. The U. HENRY STANLEY met DAVID LIVINGSTONE in Africa. The Colored Methodist Episcopal Church was formed.201 Church was formed in Virginia. The Bulgarian Church won its freedom. A new German Empire was proclaimed by Iron Chancellor OTTO VON BISMARCK. The East and West were united by rail on May 10th as the Union Pacific and Central Pacific linked in Utah. FRANKLIN PIERCE died October 8th.
The Union of American Hebrew Congregations was formed by ISAAC MAYER WISE in Ohio. The Presbyterian Church of England was formed. HARRY A. The Germans evacuated France. L. BLISS died December 30th in a railroad accident. CHARLES TAZE RUSSELL organized the International Bible Readers Association. MOODY and IRA DAVID SANKEY began their ministry in England. LEWIS ENTZMINGER was born. Madison Square Garden opened. and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Brooklyn Bridge opened. Jesuits were expelled from Germany. Religious orders were abolished in Prussia. Harvard played McGill in the first football game. FRANCES WILLARD formed the Women’s Christian Temperance Union in Ohio.202 CARTRIGHT died. Britain bought control of the Suez Canal. MARY BAKER EDDY formed the Christian Scientists 1874 1875 1876 . T. The Didache (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles) was found in Istanbul. IRONSIDE was born in Canada. Yellowstone National Park was established. The World Alliance of Reformed Churches was formed. GLIDDEN invented barbed wire. CALVIN COOLIDGE was born July 4th in Vermont. MILLARD FILLMORE died March 8th. FINNEY died. Famine in Bengal. PHILIP P. which became The Millennial Dawn. CHARLES G. Iceland became independent of Denmark. JOSEPH F. The General Amnesty Act was passed by Congress. HERBERT HOOVER was born August 10th in Iowa. D. The first Kentucky Derby. The Church of Scotland and the Free Presbyterian Church joined to form the Presbyterian Church of Canada. Manchester College was established to train ministers. MATTHEW WEBB became the first person to swim the English Channel. The Reformed Episcopal Church was formed. Silver was discovered in Nevada. ANDREW JOHNSON died July 31st. T. ELENA PETROVNA BLAVATSKY founded the Theosophical Society in New York City. SHIELDS was born. 1873 DAVID LIVINGSTONE was found dead by his bed on his knees.
THOMAS A. F. TORREY was ordained a Congregational minister. W. D. 1877 J. JAMES A. WARNER organized the Church of God at Anderson. GEORGE W. M. RUTHERFORD B. BAGBY began Baptist mission work in Brazil. Methodist WILLIAM BOOTH developed The Christian Mission into The Salvation Army. The Zulu War began in South Africa. The first bicycle in America appeared. FELIX ADLER formed the American Ethical Union. E. Indiana. ROBERT SHULER was born in Virginia. MARY BAKER EDDY organized the Church of Christ. R. General CUSTER was killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn by the Sioux Indians. Federal troops withdrew from the South. A. MORDECAI HAM was born April 2nd in Kentucky. Colorado was admitted as the 38th state. L. Boston. The Nova Scotia Free Baptist Home Mission Society was formed. PHILLIPS began Baptist mission work in the Assam province of India. G. ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL patented the telephone. DANIEL S. EDISON invented the phonograph. LEO XIII became pope. WOOLWORTH opened his first store. Baptist mission work began in Spain. The Blue Cross was founded. UNCLE BUD ROBINSON was saved and began preaching. B.203 Association. 1878 1879 1880 . MOODY returned to England for revival work. THOMAS A. song leader for evangelists BILLY SUNDAY and W. GYPSY SMITH began his ministry. MASON and E. BIEDERWOLF. The United States National Baseball League was formed. EDISON invented the incandescent electric lamp. BILLY the Kid became involved in the Lincoln County War in New Mexico Territory. DAVID HUGHES invented the microphone. HAYES was elected the 19th president. HOMER RODEHEAVER. FRANK NORRIS was born September 18th in Alabama. W. The Disciples of Christ Church began ordaining women ministers. Scientist. C. was born. EVAN ROBERTS was born. HOFFMAN organized the United Christian Church.
I. GUITEAU and died September 19th. JESSIE JAMES was shot. BOB JONES was born in Alabama. Population of New York City went over 1 million. died April 19th. the Methodist Episcopal. The Knights of Columbus were chartered in Connecticut by MICHAEL J. Texas. the Primitive Methodist and the Bible Christian Churches merged to form The Methodist Church. SIMPSON founded Nyack Missionary College. The World Methodist Council was organized. JOHN L. The English Revised Version of the Bible was published. “Judge” ROY BEAN was appointed Justice of the Peace at Langtry. The American Red Cross was organized by CLARA BARTON. B. WYATT EARP shoot-out at the O. A. The Old German Baptist Brethren Church was organized.000 people were killed in IndoChina by a tidal wave. SIMPSON founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church. In Canada. founder of Darwinism. B. SCOFIELD was ordained and began his ministry in First Congregational Church in Dallas. VANDERBILT brought the Memphis obelisk from Egypt to Central Park in New York City. Corral on October 26th. The New Congregational Methodist Church was formed in Georgia. The Brethren Church was formed.K. The Baptist Union of New Zealand was formed. FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT was born January 30th in New York. Missionary ROBERT MOFFAT died. Maine. Vice-president CHESTER A. J. The first 10-story “skyscraper” was built in Chicago. the Theory of Evolution. 300. 1881 Toronto Baptist College was founded. CLARK organized the Christian Endeavor Society in Portland. A. ARTHUR became the 21st president. FRANCIS E. The Society for Psychical Research (Extrasensory Perception) was founded in London. McGIVNEY. CHARLES DARWIN. Texas. C. President GARFIELD was shot July 2nd by CHARLES J. “BUFFALO BILL” CODY opened his Wild West 1882 1883 . GRESHAM MACHEN was born July 28th in Maryland. SULLIVAN defeated PADDY RYAN for the boxing championship.204 GARFIELD was elected the 20th president.
Khartoum fell and General GORDON was slain. The Swedish Evangelical Mission Covenant was formed. GROVER CLEVELAND was elected the 22nd president. LEE was born November 11th. The Evangelical Free Church of America was formed. ULYSSES S. GERONIMO surrendered to General MILES. HOWARD CADLE was born. KAUFMAN founded The Church of God as Organized by Christ from the German Brethren in Pennsylvania. GRANT died July 23rd. The American National Baptist Convention was founded. R. The Washington Monument was dedicated. The Evangelist Missionary Church was formed in Ohio. G. GOTTLIEB DAIMLER developed an internal combustion gasoline engine. WILLIAM BURROUGHS invented the adding machine. The Statue of Liberty was presented to the U. killing 36. C. 60 people died in a Charleston. T. JOHANN G. P. The Baltimore Catechism for Roman Catholic children was written. D. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated by President CLEVELAND. Maryland. CAMPBELL MORGAN began his ministry. Swedish Baptist Mission began work in Valencia. The Mormons split into polygamous and monogamous groups. SPURLING began the Christian Union. LOUIS PASTEUR discovered rabies vaccine. Territorial government in Alaska was established.S. RICHARD G. TRUMAN was born May 8th in Missouri. JERRY MacAULEY died. KARL BENZ produced a 3-wheeled automobile. Brooklyn Bridge opened. 1884 CHARLES TAZE RUSSELL formed The Millennial Dawn. The first electric street railway in Baltimore. The Women’s Baptist Missionary Union was formed August 14th. E. L. HARRY S. STUDD went as a missionary to China.000 in the Dutch East Indies. ONCKEN died. The Reformed Methodist Union Episcopal Church was formed. BILLY SUNDAY was converted to Christ. by France. HENRY RICHARDS began Baptist mission work in the Congo. Krakatau volcano exploded. J. 1885 1886 . MOODY began the Student Volunteer Movement.205 show. G.
WILLIAM CHRISTIAN founded the Churches of the Living God. THOMAS HUXLEY coined the word “Agnostic”. The international language. CHESTER A. The American Baptist Educational Society was organized at Washington. The Eiffel Tower in Paris was completed. C. Jordan to the Circassians from Russia. C. “Esperanto”. I. Montana was admitted as the 41st state. BISSELL revised the King James Apocrypha. 1887 CHARLES H. North Dakota was admitted as the 39th state. JOHN BOYD DUNLOP developed a pneumatic tire. The New Connection General Baptists united with the London Baptist Association. The Swedish Evangelical Free Church was formed. McCLAIN was born April 11th in Iowa.C. The Missionary Church Association was formed. CHARLES E. The United Brethren in Christ (Old Constitution) Church was formed. The Fire Baptized Holiness Church (Wesleyan) was formed. D. CHARLES and MYRTLE FILLMORE founded the Unity School of Christianity in Kansas City. ARTHUR died November 18th. H. Oklahoma Territory opened for settlement April 22nd. FULLER was born April 25th. The Turkish Sultan gave Amman.206 South Carolina earthquake. MORRISON began evangelistic 1888 1889 1890 . L. D. ALVA J. The Armenian Apostolic Church was founded in Massachusetts. South Dakota was admitted as the 40th state. Southern Baptists began mission work in Japan. The Churches of God in Jesus Christ were formed. The last bare-knuckle bout was fought. BENJAMIN HARRISON was elected the 23rd president. The Christian Congregation was formed. was devised. GEORGE EASTMAN developed roll film for the Kodak camera. Noah’s Ark was “discovered”. JACK THE RIPPER murdered 6 women in London. SCOFIELD established the Central American Mission. SPURGEON withdrew from the Baptist Union over liberalism. MOODY founded the Chicago (Moody) Bible Institute. JOHN RALEIGH MOTT began his 30-year chairmanship of the Student Volunteer Movement. Washington was admitted as the 42nd state.
The first moving picture show in New York. Hawaii was annexed. SITTING BULL was killed. TRUETT was ordained and pastored the First Baptist Church of Dallas. IRONSIDE was converted and began preaching. Colorado. First concrete pavement. SULLIVAN. M. The Daughters of the American Revolution was founded. The Chicago World’s Fair opened. First Ford automobile. R. The Foreign Missions Conference of North America was founded. GEORGE A. “GENTLEMAN JIM” CORBETT defeated JOHN L. Texas for 47 years. JOHN HYDE went to India as a missionary. was born. 4 minutes). SPURGEON died January 30th. author of “The Interpreter’s Bible”. KATHERINE LEE BATES wrote “America the Beautiful” from the summit of Pike’s Peak. HAYES died January 17th. Wireless telegraphy was first used. CHARLES H. 1891 The General Baptist New Connexion joined with the Particular Baptists.207 work. The International Congregational Council was formed. The Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland was formed. DeHAAN was born March 23rd in Michigan. Wyoming was admitted as the 44th state. RUTHERFORD B. GROVER CLEVELAND was elected for a second term as the 24th president. BAHA’U’LLAH. The Student Christian Movement began at Cambridge. HARRY RIMMER was born. A global influenza epidemic. The longest boxing fight (110 rounds in 7 hours. The National Council of Free Evangelical Churches in England was formed. The Baptist Young People’s Union of America was formed. HARRY A. Famine in Russia. GEORGE W. died and was buried at Haifa. founder of the Baha’i faith. First automatic telephone switchboard. 1892 1893 . DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER was born October 14th in Texas.000 were killed in a Japan earthquake. The Anti-Saloon League was formed. The Student Volunteer Missionary Union in Britain was formed. 10. Idaho was admitted as the 43rd state. BUTTRICK.
The South India Strict Baptist Mission was founded. JONES formed the Church of God in Christ. Utah was admitted as the 45th state. A. RICE was born December 11th in Texas. Swami VIVEKANANDA founded the Vedanta Society in the U. C. COX formed the Church of God (Apostolic). WILLIAM S. FULTON JOHN SHEEN. Minnesota. JONES formed the Church of Christ (Holiness) U. SIGMUND FREUD began the Psychoanalysis movement. JOHN A. C. W. WARREN FELT EVANS formed the Metaphysical Club in Boston.000 in Japan. The National Council of the Evangelical Free Churches was formed in England. P.S. The first pro-football game. J. DOUIE formed the Christian Catholic Church. The Christian Nation Church was formed. JOHN R. Rural free mail delivery was established. THOMAS J.A. A tidal wave killed 22. MARCONI invented wireless telegraphy.S. P. H. BALLINGTON and MAUD BOOTH founded the Volunteers of America from the Salvation Army. The Polish National Catholic Church 1895 1896 1897 . The first modern Olympics was held in Athens. GORDON died February 2nd. B. CROWDY formed the Church of God and Saints of Christ. WILLIAM BIEDERWOLF was ordained. RILEY began a 50-year ministry with the First Baptist Church of Minneapolis. WILLIAM McKINLEY was elected the 25th president. MASON and C. AMY CARMICHAEL went to India as a missionary under the Keswick Missionary Committee. The American Rescue Workers was organized. a Roman Catholic archbishop. RONTGEN detected X-rays. was born in Illinois. The Church of the Nazarene began in Los Angeles. KING GILLETTE invented the safety razor. The Association of Pentecostal Church of America was formed. JAMES STRONG’S Concordance was first printed. The Christian Alliance and the Evangelical Missionary Alliance merged to form the Christian and Missionary Alliance.208 1894 The United Evangelical Church was formed. The Klondike gold rush began.
The Spanish-American War over Cuba began and was ended by the Treaty of Paris.S. Famine in India. Texas killed 6. WASHINGTON founded the National Negro Business League. The STANLEY brothers invented the Stanley Steamer. MARTIN began evangelistic work. T. was born in Ohio. W.S.S. TOZER was born April 21st. BOOKER T. Hawaii was acquired by the U. BOB JONES was ordained. The Modern Churchmen’s Union was formed. Guam. The Battleship MAINE was blown up in Havana. ZEPPELIN built an airship.000 people. Hawaii became a territory of the U. NORMAN VINCENT PEALE. JOHN CHARLES RYLE died. The Holiness Methodist Church was formed. Britain declared war on the Boers on October 12th. 1899 1900 . J. The first magnetic recording of sound was made. 1898 GEORGE MUELLER died March 10th. Shintoism was reinstated in Japan. T. MOODY died December 22nd. SCARBOROUGH began his ministry.209 of America was formed. A hurricane in Galveston. D. The Pentecostal Holiness Church was formed. Samoa and the Philippines were acquired by the U. Wyoming. The Gideon Society was founded. A. L. CHRISTIAN KEYSSER became a Lutheran missionary to New Guinea. The first Frontier Days festival was held in Cheyenne. LEWIS SPERRY CHAFER was ordained. preacher of Positive Thinking. The American Revised Version of the Bible was published. The Commonwealth of Australia was created. R. Puerto Rico. FRANK NORRIS was ordained to the ministry. The International Metaphysical League was formed. The American School of Oriental Research was founded. L. The Boxer Rebellion began in China. The Free Church and the United Presbyterian Church merged to form the United Free Church. Cardiff College was founded in Wales. The Divine Science Church was formed in Denver by NONA LOVELL BROOKS. THEODOR HERZL organized the Zionist movement in Switzerland.
” The Sunday School Institute of 1843 became the National Sunday School Union. EVAN ROBERTS began the Welsh 1902 1903 1904 . VICK was born February 5th in Kentucky. WEYMOUTH produced “The New Testament in Modern Speech. The United Free Will Baptist Church (Colored) was organized. E. PIUS X became pope. B.S. DAVID OTIS FULLER was born. The Boers surrendered to the British.S. DALLAS BILLINGTON was born January 23rd in Kentucky. BENJAMIN PURNELL founded the House of David. Oil drilling began in Persia. in 65 days. acquired control of the Panama Canal. The spindletop oil field was discovered in Texas.S. MORGAN organized U. DeWITT TALMAGE died in April. North Carolina on December 17th by ORVILLE and WILBUR WRIGHT. W.210 1901 Baptist mission work began in the Philippines. P. BENJAMIN HARRISON died March 13th. LAKIN was born June 5th in West Virginia. R. B. J. B. ALMA WHITE founded the Pentecostal Union Church. “The Twentieth Century New Testament” was produced. The first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk. LEO TOLSTOY was excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church. ROCCO SANTAMORIA organized the Italian Pentecostal Assemblies of God. Steel Corporation. The Social Revolutionary Party was formed in Russia. The Aswan Dam opened. The Papyrus of Nash was discovered at Fayum. HENRY FORD founded Ford Motor Company. Vice-president THEODORE ROOSEVELT became the 26th president. Egypt. SMITH founded Triumph The Church and Kingdom of God in Christ. G. 38. First auto crossing of the U. RILEY founded Northwestern School. D. Christ’s Sanctified Holy Church (Colored Church South) was formed. The U. RICHARD F. Queen VICTORIA died and EDWARD VII became king of England. Basic blood types were discovered.000 were killed in the Martinique volcano eruption. President McKINLEY was shot September 6th by LEON CZOLGOSZ and died September 14th. BILLY SUNDAY was ordained to the ministry.
The United Baptist Women’s Missionary Union was formed. G. STANLEY JONES became a missionary to India from the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Boy Scout movement was founded by ROBERT BADEN-POWELL. The First Congress of European Baptists met at Berlin. The San Francisco earthquake killed 700 on April 18th.C.000 died in an earthquake at Kingston. founded the Church of God (Cleveland). The first radio broadcast. Free Will and Particular Baptists united to form the United Baptist Convention of Canada. Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary was founded.S. The Baptist General Association was formed March 22nd. The United Methodist Free Church.S. The Laymen’s Missionary Movement was founded. E. The U. Iced tea was invented. The Baptist World Alliance was formed in London. RICHARD J. American battleships departed for a “Round-the-World” cruise. 1. SPURLING. The National Primitive Baptist Convention was founded. The first Buddhist Temple in the U. Mother’s Day was established. Revolution in Russia. was built in San Francisco. The Holiness Church of Christ merged with the Church of the 1906 1907 1908 . BROWN formed the Free Christian Zion Church of Christ. SAM JONES died October 15th. D. The RussoJapanese War began. SR. D. Church and state separation in France. FLORENCE CRAWFORD organized the Apostolic Faith Mission. Oklahoma was admitted as the 46th state. HUDSON TAYLOR died in China. 1905 E. the Methodist New Connection and Bible Christians merged to form the United Methodist Church.211 Revival. V. Jamaica. began work on the Panama Canal. The Northern Baptist Convention was organized in Washington. The Association of Pentecostal Churches of America joined the Church of the Nazarene in Chicago. CORDINGLEY founded the Progressive Spiritual Church. LOUIS FRANCESCON founded the Italian Christian Churches of North America.
LEE ROBERSON was born November 24th. The Churches of Christ in Christian Union was formed.S.000 in Messina. SHIELDS began a 45-year ministry with Jarvis Street Baptist Church in Toronto. BRESSE founded the Church of the Nazarene. LYNDON B. The Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America was founded. FRANK NORRIS began a 43-year ministry with First Baptist Church of Fort Worth. ROBERT E. SWINBURNE CLYMER founded the Church of Illumination. JOHNSON was born August 27th in Texas. WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT was elected the 27th president. 1909 W. The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the U. the first Jewish collective settlement. 80. was founded. General Motors Corporation was formed. PEARY reached the North Pole. T. GROVER CLEVELAND died June 24th.212 Nazarene. A Republic was formed out of a revolution in Portugal. “LITTLE” GEORGE HENSLEY introduced the practice of snake handling in the Church of God.000 people. T. WALTER RAUSCHENBUSCH introduced the Social Gospel movement. Texas. H. A. W. J. An earthquake in Sicily killed 150. Gin Rummy game was introduced. CRISWELL was born on December 19th. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace was founded. The Faith and Order movement began in Edinburgh. GEORGE V became king of England. The invention of Bakelite by LEO H.A. Tel Aviv became the first all-Jewish city. HENRY FORD produced the first Model “T”. adopted “The Fundamentals”. R. BAEKELAND marked the beginning of the Plastic Age. Canada. The Norwegian Baptist Theological Seminary was founded at Christiana. Italy. HOOPLE and P. ALEXANDER MacLAREN died. “The Cornflower”. 1910 . The American Baptist Missionary Union became the American Baptist Foreign Missionary Society. Father’s Day was first observed. F. The World Missionary Conference was formed. The Cambridge Inter-Collegiate Christian Union was formed. CYRUS INGERSOL SCOFIELD produced the Scofield Reference Bible. Deganiah.
NIXON was born January 9th in California. BENEDICT XV became pope. Holiness. Arizona was admitted as the 48th state. RONALD REAGAN was born February 6th in Illinois.513 perished. OLIVER B. The Federal Reserve Act passed. reached the South Pole. T. RICHARD M. STUDD went to Africa as a missionary. CARROLL died. WILLIAM BOOTH died. JOHN HYDE died in India. The “Titanic” sank on April 19th. BURRUSS founded the Churches of God. ROALD AMUNDSEN. There 1912 1913 1914 1915 . K.213 1911 The Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church was formed. GREENE was born February 14th in South Carolina. SCHAEFFER was born January 30th. H. WOOLWORTH Company was formed. H. CHARLES E. Texas. FRANCIS A. Britain declared war on Germany. The Girls Scouts were formed. Germany declared war on Russia and France.A. The Pillar of Fire Church was formed. and invaded Belgium. The Pentecostal Church of Christ was founded by JOHN STROUP. Turkey joined Germany in the war. WOODROW WILSON was elected the 28th president. FORD was born July 14th in Nebraska. The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World was formed. C. The last imperial dynasty in China fell and a Republic was formed after the revolution. G. W. 1. War between Italy and Turkey. The Panama Canal opened August 15th. The Balkan War. B. GERALD R.S. The Assemblies of God General Council was formed. LOUIS ENTZMINGER began his work with the First Baptist Church of Fort Worth. New Mexico was admitted as the 47th state. TABOR THOMPSON founded the National Spiritual Alliance of the U. World War I began as Austria attacked Serbia. The Jacobite Apostolic Church was organized. Freewill Baptists united with the Northern Baptist Convention. the Norwegian polar explorer. F. The Church of God by Faith was formed. The 16th Amendment to the Constitution established a permanent Income Tax. Parcel Post service began. The Jewish AntiDefamation League was formed by B’nai B’rith over LEO FRANK. FULLER was converted to Christ.
The Battle of Verdun. DOROTEO ARANGO. WILBUR CHAPMAN died. GEORGE BAKER founded the Peace Mission Movement and adopted the name “FATHER DIVINE”. PHILLIPS founded the Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God. The Balfour Declaration was published. J. The Metropolitan Church Association was chartered. The National Baptist Convention of America was founded and the National Baptist Convention.000 Baptists in Russian territory. The U. T.S. entered World War I on April 6th. purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark. KENNEDY was born May 29th in Massachusetts. Daylight Savings Time was introduced in Britain. “Our Lady of Fatima” appeared to three children in Portugal on May 13th. World War I ended. Field Marshal EDMUND HENRY HYNMAN ALLENBY received the surrender of Jerusalem from the Turks in September. JOHN F. Communists seized power in Russia in the Russian Bolshevik Revolution. Coast Guard was formed. The kingdom of Egypt passed into British hands. the Armistice was signed November 11th. The U. U. A.A.S. J. Judge JOSEPH FRANKLIN RUTHERFORD became president of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The Panama Canal was dedicated July 12th.S.710 U. 1917 1918 . The United Lutheran Church was established.S. SANDER founded the Reformed New Congregational Methodist Church. HENRY FORD produced his one-millionth car. The U. The Jewish Legion of the British Army landed in Palestine. was formed in a split from the Foreign Mission Baptist Convention of 1880. better known as FRANCISCO “PANCHO” VILLA raided New Mexico and killed 17 people. General JOHN J. PERSHING landed in France on June 26th. The International New Thought Alliance was formed. The United Holy Church of America was founded. Inc.214 were 142.. 320. The Germans sank the “Lusitania”. Italy joined France and Britain in the war. The American Friends Service Committee was founded by the American Quakers.S. 1916 W.
FRANK NATHAN DANIEL BUCHMAN organized the Oxford Group. The Fundamental Fellowship of the Northern Baptist Convention was formed by J.S.. The Bible Standard Churches were founded. California. 1919 The French Baptist Union was formed. The League of Nations met in Paris.640. T.215 casualties. A. The Pentecostal Church of God of America was founded. C. The National Baptist Evangelical Life and Soul Saving Assembly of the U. SCOFIELD died. A. GEORGE A. The Russian Civil War ended. U. BOB SHULER began a 45-year ministry with Trinity Methodist Church of Los Angeles. McGUIRE founded the African Orthodox Church. WARREN G. The National and International Pentecostal Union was formed.8 million. C. WILLIAM BIEDERWOLF founded a leper home in Korea. was formed. MASSEE.A. The National Socialists (NAZI) Party was formed in Germany. SIMON KIMBANGU founded the Church of Jesus Christ on Earth in Zaire. T. worldwide. M. A Soviet government was formed in Budapest. The Grand Canyon was made a National Park.S. JOHN ROACH STRATON and CURTIS LEE LAWS. The 19th Amendment to the Constitution allowed women to vote. The first Radio Broadcasting Station was built. The Republic of Lebanon was formed. The Association of 1920 1921 . Church and state separated in Germany. I. LAWSON founded the Church of our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith. The League of Nations allotted the mandate over Palestine and Iraq to Great Britain. population was 107. RILEY. SHIELDS. THEODORE ROOSEVELT died January 6th. W. SIMPSON died. HALDEMAN. The International Missionary Council was formed in Edinburgh. The Congregational Holiness Church was formed. Then 21. An earthquake killed 200. E. The 18th Amendment to the Constitution (Prohibition) was adopted.000 in China. HARDING was elected the 29th president. R. B. KNOCH produced the Concordant Bible for Jehovah’s Witnesses. The Tommy Gun was patented.000 people died of influenza in 8 months. I. B. C.
The Tomlinson Church of God was formed. President HARDING died August 2nd and Vice-president CALVIN COOLIDGE became the 30th president. RILEY. The Pentecostal Church. SHIELDS and W. Rebellion in Ireland.) with JOSEF STALIN the first Secretary-general of the Communist Party in Russia. WOODROW 1923 1924 . HELEN BARRETT MONTGOMERY produced “The New Testament in Modern Speech. ADOLPH HITLER’S Storm Troopers began to terrorize citizens in Germany. VLADIMIR LENIN died in Russia. T.216 Pentecostal Assemblies was formed. C. The first radio broadcast was made August 22nd. King’s College was established in Kensington. EDGAR HOOVER was appointed Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The Lutheran World Convention was organized in Germany. The “Teapot Dome” oil scandal in Washington. REBECCA L. was formed. Turkmenia and Uzbekistan became Soviet Republics. ELLA MAE NOLA (California) became the first female member of Congress. FELTON (Georgia) became the first female Senator. B. 1922 The Fire-Baptized Holiness Church was formed.S.000 in Japan. The Hungarian Reformed Church in America was formed. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America was formed.S. The American Baptist Convention was formed from the Northern Baptist Convention. Australia. AIMEE SEMPLE McPHERSON founded the International Church of the Four-Square Gospel.” The first Christian radio broadcasts were made. MORRISON founded Asbury Theological Seminary.R. The Baptist Bible Union was formed by J. J. BENITO MUSSOLINI formed a Fascist government in Italy. First continental airmail flight. An earthquake killed 140. Inc. H. T. HENRY FORD produced his 10-millionth car. PIUS XI became pope. Mongolia turned Communist. FRANK NORRIS. The six Soviet states formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.
FULLER began his radio ministry. The United Church of Canada was formed by a merger of the Congregational.5 hours. CHARLES E. The Toronto Baptist Seminary was founded by T. BABE RUTH hit 60 home runs. U. built the Riverside Church in New York for HARRY EMERSON FOSDICK. BOB JONES founded Bob Jones University. HIROHITO became Emperor of Japan. ARMSTRONG began “The World Tomorrow”. JOHN D. A tornado killed 689 people in the U. Television was demonstrated in London. HERBERT W. Presbyterian and Evangelical United Brethren churches. CHARLES A. A liquid-fueled rocket was flown. ROCKEFELLER. Scopus in Jerusalem. CHIANG KAI-SHEK established a provisional government in Hankow. 1925 JAMES MOFFATT published the Moffatt Bible. The JOHN T. JAMES EARL CARTER was born October 1st. The Moffat Tunnel opened. The German economic system collapsed. Civil War in China. 1926 1927 . The World Conference of Faith and Order was held at Lausanne. ADOLPH HITLER reorganized the Nazi Party and published “Mein Kampf.” The Hebrew University was founded on Mt.S. The Militant Atheists League was founded in Russia. JOSEF STALIN gained political control in Russia. The Protestant Reformed Church of America was formed. The Holland Tunnel opened. population was 115 million.217 WILSON died February 3rd. LEON TROTSKY was expelled from Moscow. Methodist. LINDBERG’S solo flight across the Atlantic on May 21st took 33. JR. PAUL JOSEPH GOEBBELS became the Nazi Gauleiter of Berlin. Chrysler Corporation was founded.S. SHIELDS. SCOPES trial in Tennessee with WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN and CLARENCE DARROW over the teaching of DARWIN’S Theory of Evolution. Bishop AFTIMOS founded the Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church in America. T. Color television was demonstrated in London.
FRANK NORRIS. MUSSOLINI allowed PIUS XI to set up the Vatican State under the Lateran Treaty.S. St. U.218 1928 The Association of Baptists for World Evangelism. Inc. CABOT founded the Council for Clinical Training. CHIANG KAI-SHEK became president of China. Seicho No Ie. AL CAPONE was jailed. R. Westminster Seminary was founded in Philadelphia. D. ROBERT C. population was 122 million. HAILE SELASSIE became 1929 1930 .400 churches were closed in Russia. was begun by MASAHARU TANIGUCHI. The “Opus Dei” was organized in the Catholic Church. The American Ministerial Association was organized. The Black Muslim movement was founded by W. TORREY died. Representatives of 65 countries signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact denouncing war. BOISEN founded the Institute of Pastoral Care. The World Fundamental Baptist Missionary Fellowship was formed by J. began in Jamaica. The National Conference of Christians and Jews was founded in New York City. 1. FARD. The Rumanian Orthodox Episcopate of America was formed. ANTON T. HITLER appointed HEINRICH HIMMLER head of the SS. The Arabs attacked the Jews in Palestine. Penicillin was discovered. Islam ceased to be the state religion of Turkey. ROBERT DICK WILSON died. in October. The first color motion picture. The Stock Exchange collapsed and the Great Depression began in the U. was founded in Philadelphia. The Rastafari Movement advocating that blacks are the true heirs of biblical Israel. The Cascade Tunnel was completed. The Independent Fundamental Church of America was formed. A. KILLINGSWORTH founded the Kodesh Church of Immanuel.S. The Great Depression worsened. The Japanese religion. HERBERT HOOVER was elected the 31st president. AMELIA EARHART flew across the Atlantic. Tadzhikistan became a Soviet Republic. Valentine’s Day Massacre. FRANK R. The Spanish Baptist Convention was organized in Barcelona. The United Free Church and the Church of Scotland merged to form the Kirk of Scotland.
HERMAN GOERING was Prime Minister of Prussia. LINDBERG’S baby was kidnaped. T. ADOLPH HITLER was appointed German Chancellor. GRESHAM MACHEN. Worst drought in U. Methodist Churches in England reunified. The Calvary Pentecostal Church was founded. lasting to 1934.S.S. Work began on the Golden Gate Bridge. and Canada abandoned the gold standard. JOHN DEWEY issued “The Humanist Manifesto” promoting 1932 1933 . 1931 The Congregational Christian Church was formed. DAVID WILLIAM SHORT founded the National David Spiritual Temple of Christ Church Union. Ohio. Germany and Japan left the League of Nations. WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT died March 8th. The Open Bible Evangelistic Association was formed. 18 hours. FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT was elected the 32nd president. The General Association of Regular Baptist Churches was formed. AMY JOHNSON flew solo from London to Australia. Iraq was admitted to the League of Nations. All protestant Churches in Germany formed the German Evangelical Church. The International Bible Students Association adopted the name “Jehovah’s Witnesses” in Columbus.000. history began. Russia sold the Sinaitic Manuscript to Britain for $500. Britain and Japan abolished the gold standard. WILEY POST made the first solo flight around the world in 7 days. PAUL JOSEPH GOEBBELS was made Propaganda Minister. The 21st Amendment to the Constitution repealed the 18th Amendment (Prohibition). The U. STUDD died. The 20th Amendment to the Constitution began the president’s term of office on January 20th instead of March 4th. Famine in the USSR. Persecution of Jews began in Germany. The Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions was founded by J. The Empire State Building opened May 1st. “The Star-Spangled Banner” was designated the National Anthem by Congress. 49 minutes. The first Nazi concentration camps in Germany. C. The Elim Ministerial Fellowship was formed.219 emperor of Ethiopia.
S. Alcoholics Anonymous was organized.S. A. The U. The Open Bible Standard Churches were organized. The Christian Unity Baptist Association was formed. The International General Assembly of Spiritualists was formed. The TVA. The Wycliffe Bible Translators was founded. CCC. M. population 1935 1936 . The Johnstown. Missionary JONATHAN GOFORTH died. JOHN DILLINGER was killed. MORDECAI M. was founded in Oregon by HERBERT W. The Nuremberg Laws deprived Jews of citizens’ rights in Germany. BILLY GRAHAM was converted to Christ. M. Pennsylvania floods. SHAHEEN formed the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese. The General Conference of the Evangelical Baptist Church was formed. 1934 ELIJAH POOLE became leader of the Black Muslims. T. ROBERTSON died September 24th. The Hoover Dam was built. ADOLPH HITLER became Fuhrer in Germany. Blood bath in Germany. B. The USSR joined the League of Nations. CALVIN COOLIDGE died January 5th. The WPA was organized. KARL BARTH presented the Barmen Declaration in Germany. KAPLAN began the Jewish Reconstructionist Movement in America. JOHN GRESHAM MACHEN formed the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. which became the Worldwide Church of God. MUSSOLINI invaded Ethiopia. Kazakhstan and Kirgizia became Soviet Republics. The DIONNE Quintuplets were born in Canada. China declared war on Japan. Social Security Act passed. H. The Radio Church of God. NRA and PWA were created. U. A remnant of the 1780 New Hampshire Free Will Baptists joined the 1727 North Carolina Free Will Baptists and formed the National Association of Free Will Baptists. The Spanish Civil War began. REZA SHAH changed Persia to Iran.220 Humanism. The Evangelical and Reformed Church was formed. SANDINE formed the Conservative Congregational Christian Conference. ARMSTRONG. German troops occupied Rhineland. BILLY SUNDAY died November 6th.
WILLIAM BIEDERWOLF died. The Soka Kyoiku Gakkai. The National Fellowship of Brethren Churches was formed. the Methodist Episcopal Church. King of England. M. Germany invaded Poland and World War II began September 1st. DeHAAN began his Radio Bible Class. 1937 The third edition of GERHARD KITTEL’S “Biblia Hebraica” was published. was founded in Japan by TSUNESABURO MAKIGUCHI. T. The New York’s 1938 1939 . The Intervarsity Christian Fellowship was begun by C. FRANKLIN D. All Baptist Churches were closed in Rumania on December 15th by the Fascists. ADOLPH HITLER appointed himself War Minister and assumed command of Germany’s armed forces. Italy withdrew from the League of Nations. CARL McINTIRE founded the Bible Presbyterian Church. The Golden Gate Bridge opened. FRANK NORRIS and LOUIS ENTZMINGER. “Gone With The Wind” was released. The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society was formed in New York. MARTIN died. The Lincoln Tunnel was built. Germany mobilized and invaded Austria. STACEY WOODS. GRESHAM MACHEN died January 1st. R. abdicated and was succeeded by GEORGE VI. The Oxford Group became the Moral Rearmament. T. The Hindenburg airship exploded. Spain left the League of Nations. J.221 reached 127 million. The Methodist Episcopal Church. South and the Methodist Protestant Church merged to form The Methodist Church. EDWARD VIII. The first commercial television broadcast. AMELIA EARHART was lost while flying the Pacific Ocean. A national minimum wage was enacted. :”Value Creation Society”. Texas by J. The Bible Baptist Institute was founded in Fort Worth. LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) was discovered by ALBERT HOFMANN in Switzerland. The ball point pen was invented. Public television service began in Britain. PIUS XII became pope. ROOSEVELT was elected president for a second term. Civil War in Spain. Bonneville Dam was built. The Bible Protestant Church was formed.
The Confraternity New Testament was published by the Catholics. Allied fleet destroyed in Battle of the Java Sea.S. Lithuania and Moldavia became Soviet Republics. 1940 The Laymen’s National Bible Committee was organized in New York City. The Independent Fundamental Methodist Church was organized. was formed by L. H.S. Estonia. HOWARD CADLE died. Gen. Philippine airfields were destroyed as Japanese landed on Bataan island. 70. Louis. frozen on June 14th. 10. 7th. WINSTON CHURCHILL became British Prime Minister. Japanese invaded Guam. First Christian TV broadcasts. “UNCLE” BUD ROBINSON died. Java surrendered to Japanese on Mar. Percival surrendered Singapore to Gen. First helicopter flight in the U. Hideki Tojo became prime minister of Japan. Japanese assets frozen in U. On Dec. Japanese enter Manila on Jan. The Baptist Youth Fellowship of the Northern Baptist Convention was formed. British Gen. The American Council of Christian Churches was formed. population reached 132 million.S. Wycliffe Bible Translators. The National Association of Evangelicals was founded in St. CLIVE STAPLES LEWIS began writing “The Screwtape Letters”. The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor at 7:55 AM on December 7th and Tokyo declared war on the U. HITLER invaded the Soviet Union. MEL TROTTER died in April. Arthur E. 10th. The United States entered World War II on December 8th with one dissenting vote in Congress. FRANKLIN D. An earthquake in Turkey killed 45. on June 26th. Latvia. L. and Britain.S. The Selective Service Act was passed. 2nd. 15th. CAMERON TOWNSEND. ROOSEVELT was elected to a third term as president. MORRISON died.S. C. The Lend-Lease Bill passed Congress on March 11th. Yamashita. LEGTERS and W. E. MacArthur 1941 1942 . Axis assets in U. The British Council of Churches was formed. British evacuated Rangoon in Burma on Mar. U. Gen.000 prisoners taken on Feb. Inc.000 people.222 World Fair opened.
USS Yorktown sunk. The Nag Hammadi manuscripts of the Gnostics were found in Egypt. MacArthur says. June 19-23rd. Saipan taken on July 9th. U. U. 20th and Gen. Nichiren Shoshu. G. Italy surrendered. began in Japan. Marines landed on Guadalcanal on Aug. Income Tax Withholding began. Battle of Midway. Jehovah’s Witnesses were exempted from saluting the flag by the Supreme Court. Wainwright retreated to Corregidor. 10th. U. 11th.S. CAMPBELL MORGAN died 1944 1945 . U. “I have returned. D-Day. R. June 3-6th. 24th. 28-Dec. forces landed on Attu Mar. Gen. Battles of Coral Sea and Midway on May 7-8th. 20-24. 6th.223 left the Philippines on Mar. The Baptist Federation of Canada was formed December 7th.000 died. Marines landed on Bougainville on Nov. L. Battle of the Philippine Sea. meat. and on Tarawa and Makin on Nov. etc. enters Leyte Gulf on Oct. GEORGE W. The Germans massacred Jews in Warsaw. TRUETT died July 7th. Rationing of shoes. Roosevelt. Allies first offensive action in the Pacific on August 7th. captured Kwajalein Feb. U. 22nd. USS Lexington sunk. ROOSEVELT was elected to his fourth term as president.S. Inc. The Bataan Death March began on Apr. The Northern Baptist Assembly was formed in Wisconsin. Allied invasion of Western Europe on June 6th.” Battle of Leyte Gulf.S. 11th.S.S. Infantile paralysis epidemic in the U. Japan abandoned Guadalcanal on Feb. SCARBOROUGH died. Shintoism was abolished in Japan. a sect of Buddhism. the greatest naval engagement in history.000 Filipinos. 1st. The Intervarsity Christian Fellowship united with the Student Foreign Missions Fellowship. Oct. 9th. lands at Hollandia in New Guinea on Apr. FRANKLIN D. 7th. Guam taken on Aug. 9th for 12. 1943 The Conservative Baptist Foreign Mission Society was organized in Chicago December 15th. bombers bomb Tokyo on Nov. 11th. Youth for Christ International was formed.S. was formed.000 Americans and 60. The United Pentecostal Church. Sugar and gas were rationed. 23-26th. 10. Churchill and Stalin met in Teheran Nov.
140 million. Syria and Lebanon became independent.S. 3rd. War dead: 45 million. Marines landed on Iwo Jima on Feb. Baron Kantaro Suzuki became prime minister of Japan Apr. B.224 May 16th. 2nd. Germany surrendered May 7th. Poland and Yugoslavia turned The “Cold War” began. TRUMAN became the 33rd president on Apr. called for Japan’s unconditional surrender. ADOLPH HITLER committed suicide Apr. The Laws of HAMMURABI were reconstructed by FRANCIS STEELE from Nippur excavations. The United Nations Organization was chartered on Oct. 9th. Manila liberated on Feb. The Evangelical Methodist Church was organized. born July 16th at Alamogordo. 5th. Segregation was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. Okinawa invaded Apr. MIKI TOKUCHIKA formed a new Japanese religion. forces land on Luzon Jan. 30th. 28th. President ROOSEVELT died and Vice-president HARRY S. GYPSY SMITH died. The atomic bomb.S. 1st. “Perfect Liberty Church”. Flag raised on Mt. 1947 . May 8th. 1946 The Church World Service was formed. The Philippines became a Republic. 15th. HENRY FORD died. VE Day. Romania turned Communist. Potsdam Conference opened in Germany on July 17th with Truman. 411th. The Nuremberg trials began. New Mexico. Sixty-four national Bible Societies merged to form the United Bible Societies. Yalta Conference held by Roosevelt. Burma Road opened Jan. Japan surrendered on Aug. W. Churchill and Stalin on Feb. VJ Day. Suribachi. Albania and Bulgaria turned Communist. 9th. Sept. The Lutheran World Federation was organized in Sweden. population. U. Pl Kyodan. RILEY died. Churchill and Stalin. was dropped on Hiroshima on Aug. rejected by Japanese. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the Qumran caves of Jordan. 6th from Enola Gay and on Nagasaki on Aug. 19th. Philippines liberated on July 4th. MUSSOLINI was killed April 28th. U. 24th. 12th. The Fundamental Fellowship became the Conservative Baptist Association of America in May. as surrender terms are signed on battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
The European Baptist Union was formed. “The Basic English Bible” was produced. The Communist People’s Republic was organized under MAO TSE-TUNG in China and seized control. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was signed April 4th. and on May 15th. GANDHI was assassinated in India.S.S. World Vision. The World Fundamental Baptist Missionary Fellowship became the World Baptist Fellowship. 1949 1950 . The U. The Berlin blockade by Russia. VICK. North Korea and Czechoslovakia turned Communist. B. MOHANDES K. The Baptist Bible College was founded in Springfield. The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America was formed. The Northern Baptist Convention changed its name to American Baptist Convention. Siam became Thailand. The Bodily Ascension of Mary into heaven was proclaimed Roman dogma by Pope PIUS XII. The North American Baptist Association was formed. Earthquake in Assam. The British withdrew. The European Baptist Federation was formed in Switzerland. Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel. The International Council of Community Churches was formed. The World Council of Churches was formed in Amsterdam. Missouri. “MOTHER” TERESA founded Missionaries of Charity. The ORAL ROBERTS Evangelistic Association was formed. The Baptist Bible Fellowship was formed by G. the State of Israel was proclaimed. The Arab-Israeli War began. DAVID BEN GURION became the first Prime Minister. U.225 1948 The Conservative Baptist Home Mission Society was formed. Hungary and East Germany turned Communist. was formed by ROBERT WILLARD PIERCE. Israel was admitted to the United Nations. The Church of Scientology was formed. Evangelist BILLY GRAHAM came into national prominence with a Los Angeles crusade. Inc. EVAN ROBERTS died. The Baptist Missionary Association of America was formed. entered the Korean War. The International Council of Christian Churches was formed. The transistor was invented.
The Reformed Methodist Church merged with the Churches of Christ in Christian Union.S. Color television in the U. The Church of God of Prophecy was organized. Floods in Britain and the Netherlands claimed over 2. JOSIP TITO became the first president of Yugoslavia. hydrogen bomb was exploded November 6th. ELIZABETH II became Queen of England.697. EDMUND HILLARY climbed Tenzing and Mt. SHIELDS died.226 population: 150.591 ordained women ministers in the U. succeeded by NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV. The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution set two terms for president. Everest. The National Association of Congregational Christian Churches was formed. 1952 1953 1954 1955 . SUN MYUNG MOON founded the Unification Church in Korea. The first U. Puerto Rico became a U. Businessmen’s Fellowship International was formed in Los Angeles. 5.999. commonwealth. J.S. FRANK NORRIS died August 20th in Florida. JOSEF STALIN died in Russia.A. EISENHOWER was elected the 34th president. Missionaries were forced to leave China. The Revised Standard Version of the Bible was produced and copyrighted by the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.000 lives. DWIGHT D.S. IRONSIDE died in New Zealand January 15th. The AFL-CIO merged. Egypt became a Republic. JONAS SAUK developed an anti-polio serum.S. South Vietnam was proclaimed a Republic. Iran’s oil industry was nationalized.S. Jericho was excavated. RON HUBBARD founded the Church of Scientology. 1951 DEMOS CHAKARIAN and ORAL ROBERTS founded the Full Gospel. T. The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization was formed. the world’s highest mountain. Vietnam turned Communist. Occupation of West Germany ended. The Confraternity Old Testament was published. The Conservative Mennonite Conference was formed. The Korean War ended. Electricity was produced by atomic energy in the U. LEWIS SPERRY CHAFER died August 22nd. L.S. HARRY A. T.
R. unemployment reached 5 million. PHILLIPS published “The New Testament in Modern English”. LAMSA translated the Aramaic Peshitta text of the Bible into English. The American Lutheran Church was formed by a merger of the American Lutheran Church. the Evangelical Lutheran Church 1957 1958 1959 1960 . the Christian Church. Sudan and Pakistan became Republics. was formed. Pope JOHN XXIII called an Ecumenical Council. The Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch was formed. was formed. Israeli troops invaded the Sinai Peninsula. FIDEL CASTRO seized power in Cuba and Cuba turned Communist. GAMAL ABDAL NASSER became president of Egypt and seized the Suez Canal. GEORGE M. NASA was established. U. Israel withdrew from Sinai. auto accident toll reached 1. The United Presbyterian Church. was launched February 1st. Inc. Soviet troops took Hungary. A Russian spaceship reached the moon. B. The Congregational Church.S. Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state. The beatnik movement originated. LOUIS ENTZMINGER died. W. The U. The Chinese occupied Tibet. U. MORDECAI HAM died. The Armenian Apostolic Church of America was formed.227 1956 The Central Baptist Association was formed. NEWELL died. Explorer I. The Methodist and Presbyterian churches began ordaining women ministers. The United Arab Republic (UAR) was formed by Egypt. DAVID ELTON TRUEBLOOD formed the Earlham School of Religion in Indiana. The first U.S. was formed. The Bible Way Church of our Lord Jesus Christ World-Wide. J. Syria and Yemen. The Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church. The rock and roll dance originated. Inc. the Evangelical Synod and the Reformed Church merged to form the United Church of Christ in America.S.25 million. Alaska was admitted as the 49th state.A. JOHN XXIII became pope. satellite. The thermonuclear bomb was exploded.S. The “Space Age” began. CHARLES DeGAULLE became president of France. GERRIT VERKUYL produced “The Berkeley Version of the Bible in Modern English”.
Avalanche in Peru killed 3. 1962 .000. A Second Vatican Council met in Rome. An earthquake in Morocco killed 12. submarine circumnavigated the globe under water.S. established a military command in South Vietnam.000. The Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers. The “New English Bible” was produced. the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church (1860). The Jewish Publication Society published “The Torah”. KENNEDY was elected the 35th president. Inc. Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.000. JOHN F.S.323. The Supreme Court ruled public school prayers unconstitutional.S. was formed from the National Baptist Convention. ALAN SHEPARD manned the first U. The Berlin Wall was constructed. Inc. The Evangelical Unity of the Czech-Moravian Brethren in North America took the name of Unity of the Brethren. The Association of Free Lutheran Congregations was formed. a translation of the Holy Scriptures according to the Masoretic Text.A. was formed. The U. space flight. International. The Lutheran Church in America was formed by a merger of the United Lutheran Church in America (1918). Earthquake in Iran killed 12. The Progressive National Baptist Association. 1961 The American Unitarian Association (1825) and the Universalist Church of America (1793) merged to form the Unitarian Universalist Association. U. JOHN GLENN orbited the earth three times. the American Evangelical Lutheran Church (1872) and the Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church (1890). The Charismatic Movement began in many churches.1 billion. The Young American Peace Corps was formed. The Church of the Lutheran Confession was formed.S. A U.000.. Jewish synagogues were closed in Moscow.S. the first Catholic president. The “Death of God” theology was advanced by GABRIEL VAHANIAN. The European Free Trade Association was formed. population: 179. U.228 and the United Evangelical Lutheran Church. World population reached 3.
China exploded their first nuclear bomb. “The Anchor Bible” was produced in 38 volumes. Swami ABHAY CHARAN DE BHAKTIVEDANTI founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness in America.000 in East Pakistan and 4. President KENNEDY was assassinated November 22nd by LEE HARVEY OSWALD in Dallas. LEONID BREZHNEV became leader of the USSR.S. Kenya became a Republic. Major religions: 579. 478 million Hindus. Antipoverty legislation was signed. Cyclones and floods 1964 1965 . Hurricanes killed 22. An earthquake killed 114 in Alaska.3 million Jews. Oklahoma.229 1963 The Anglican Orthodox Church was founded by JAMES PARKER DEES from the Protestant Episcopal Church.S. PAUL VI became pope. The Equal Opportunity Act passed. 589 million Muslim. 418 million Protestants. Pope PAUL VI exonerated the Jews of blame for the death of Jesus Christ. 255 million Buddhists. SIEWERT produced “The Amplified Bible”.000 in Yugoslavia. The Friends United Meeting was formed.000 in Cuba. JOHNSON became the 36th president. A. R. ORAL ROBERTS began his University in Tulsa. FRANCES E. Earthquakes killed 2.5 million Catholics. TOZER died May 12th. Vice-president LYNDON B. Evangelical Synod. M. astronaut COOPER completed 22 orbits of the earth. U. MARTIN LUTHER KING made his march on Washington and gave his “I Have A Dream” speech on August 28th. Race riots in Watts. The Reformed Presbyterian Church merged with the Evangelical Presbyterian Church to form the Reformed Presbyterian Church. First flight around the world over both poles. The 24th Amendment to the Constitution abolished the poll tax. Earthquake in Chile. The Evangelical Friends Alliance was formed. Tornadoes in the U. BOB SHULER died. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts united with the Universities Mission to Central Africa to form the United Society for Promoting the Gospel. The Vietnam War began. Texas. W. DeHAAN died December 13th. HERBERT HOOVER died October 20th. 14.
China exploded their first hydrogen bomb. BOB JONES died.230 killed 12.S. CHRISTIAN BARNARD performed the world’s first human heart transplant. Earthquake in Turkey killed 2.400. population reached 195. Floods in Italy. Catholic Pentecostalism began at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. The “Right to Life” movements began. The SixDay War.700 in Pakistan.000. U. KENNETH TAYLOR produced “The Living Bible”. MARTIN LUTHER KING was killed by 1967 1968 . Christian Missionary and Alliance minister DAVID BRANDT BERG (MOSES DAVID) founded the cult “The Children of God” from “The Jesus People”. The ban on eating meat on Fridays was lifted for U. The Evangelical Church of North America was formed in Oregon in June. The Wesleyan Methodist Church merged with the Pilgrim Holiness Church to form the Wesleyan Church. Dr. “Surveyor I” landed on the moon. ARMSTRONG incorporated the Worldwide Church of God. The Council for Clinical Training and the Institute of Pastoral Care merged to form the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education. The North American Baptist Association changed its name to Baptist Missionary Association.S.827. 1966 “The Jerusalem Bible” was published in English for Roman Catholics. Catholics. First artificial heart transplant. Medicare Bill passed. CHARLES E. HERBERT W. VICTOR PAUL WIERWILLE founded The Way International in Ohio. The Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church united to form the United Methodist Church. The National Conference of Catholic Bishops was formed. ALVA J. The 25th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. FULLER died March 18th. PERRY formed the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (Homosexual). Chinese Cultural Revolution began. American troops arrived in Vietnam. Israel and Syria went to war. McCLAIN died. TROY D. The National Sunday School Union of 1903 became the National Christian Education Council.
“Apollo 8” with 3 astronauts orbited the moon.000. CHARLES H. Earthquake in Peru killed 50. Congo was renamed Zaire. The American Baptist Fellowship was formed. The CHARLES MANSON murders in Los Angeles. NIXON was elected the 37th president.000 in East Pakistan. France exploded their first hydrogen bomb. Five students were killed at Kent State University by the National Guard. The U. South Yemen turned Communist. Civil War in Bangladesh and Pakistan. Russia invaded Czechoslovakia. “Surveyor 7” landed on the moon. The Indo-China War spread to Laos and Cambodia. U. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution allowed 18-year olds to vote. The Medellin Conference advanced liberation theology.”’ “Apollo 15” landed on the moon. The Church of God in Christ International was formed. withdrew from Vietnam. World population reached 3. “Apollo 11” with NEIL ARMSTRONG. GOLDA MIER became Prime Minister of Israel.S. The Catholic Biblical Association of America published “The New American Bible”. population: 205 million. GREEN published :”The King James II Version of the Bible.000. SADAT succeeded NASSER in Egypt. “Apollo 12” with CONRAD and BEAN landed on the moon.” The Jesus Movement became a religion in America.231 JAMES EARL RAY. DODD produced “The New English Bible”. EDWIN ALDRIN and MICHAEL COLLINS landed on the moon July 20th. 1969 The Missionary Church Association and the United Missionary Church merged to form the Missionary Church. Earthquake in Iran killed 12. Oil was discovered in Alaska. The Lutheran Church began ordaining women as ministers. The USS Pueblo was seized by North Korea. Earthquakes killed 60 1970 1971 . Pope PAUL VI condemned all forms of artificial contraception. RICHARD M.5 billion. DWIGHT D. Senator ROBERT KENNEDY was killed in Los Angeles by SIRHAN SIRHAN. The Lockman Foundation produced “The New American Standard Bible. JAY P.S. EISENHOWER died March 29th. Congo and Chile turned Communist. Cyclones and tidal waves killed 500.
1972 DALLAS BILLINGTON died August 26th.000 in Bengal. Supreme Court legalized abortion. Episcopals ordained eleven women as priests. President NIXON resigned August 9th and Vice-president GERALD R. in Reform Judaism. LYNDON B. became the tallest building in the world. oil interests. HARRY S. President NIXON visited China and the USSR. Ceylon was renamed Sri Lanka. FORD was appointed Vice-president. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed. The Watergate trials were held. 1. The first female Rabbi was ordained in the U. 20 million Chinese died in a 3-year famine. Gasoline shortages.S.000 in Nicaragua. The U. Emperor HAILE SELASSIE was deposed in Ethiopia and Ethiopia turned Communist.000 in Iran. FORD became the 38th president. 110 stories high. 5. A jet plane flew from New York to London in 1 hour and 55 minutes. The National Presbyterian Church and the Presbyterian Church in America were formed. England. Egypt and Syria invaded Israel. GEORGE WALLACE was shot by ARTHUR BREMER. “Apollo 16” with WATTS and DUKE and “Apollo 17” with CERNAN and SCHMITT landed on the moon. Norway and Denmark joined the European Common Market. Mt. The Lausanne Conference on World Evangelization was held. Eleven Israeli athletes were killed at the Munich Olympics. The Sears Tower in Chicago. Floods killed 122 in the U. Asama volcano erupted in Japan. Soviet “Venus 8” landed on Venus. The homosexuals won a discrimination suit against AT&T. Ireland.S. Bangladesh was established as a sovereign state. Soviet space probe landed on Mars.782 1973 1974 . TRUMAN died December 26th.S. Chile overthrew the Communists.S. Cyclones and tidal waves killed 15. Earthquake in Western Mexico. The Watergate affair in Washington.000 in Turkey. World population reached 3. Earthquakes killed 12. Energy (oil) crisis came as Libya took control of U. JOHNSON died January 22nd. The Vietnam War cease-fire was signed. Vice-president SPIRO AGNEW resigned and GERALD R.232 in Los Angeles.
S. North and South Vietnam united. troops were evacuated from Vietnam. A break occurred among the Lutherans over interpretation of the Bible. OLIVER B.S.000 in Guatemala. The Lutherans formed the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches. BRATCHER produced “The Good News Bible” (Today’s English Version). 22. 4. 19 million Americans are 1976 1977 . The International Pentecostal Assemblies and the Pentecostal Church of Christ merged to form the International Pentecostal Church of Christ. Hurricane killed 8. Air Force Academy. G. JAMES EARL CARTER was elected the 39th president. ROBERT G. B. The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of New York and All North America merged with the Antiochian Archdiocese of Toledo. Smallpox epidemic killed 20. Volcano erupted in Hawaii. South Africa.000 in China. 8 billion light years from earth. Alaskan oil pipeline construction began. The Temple Scroll (from the Dead Seas Scrolls) was published in Israel.000 in India. Astronomers found a galaxy ten times larger than our Milky Way. Six women were ordained as priests in the Anglican Church. GREENE died July 26th.S.000 in Honduras.233 billion. The U. “The New American Sunday Missal” was published for Roman Catholics. Earthquakes killed 655. The Light of the Way Open Door Church merged with the Independent Holiness Church to form the Congregational Bible Holiness Church. Ohio and Dependencies in North America to form the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America.S. The U. landed “Viking 1” on Mars. Tornadoes killed 300 in the U. Cambodia. VICK died September 29th. Riots in Capetown.000 in Pakistan. 155 women were admitted to the U. Mozambique.000 in Turkey. 1975 The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of All North America was formed.S. 2. Civil War in Ethiopia.312 killed in Turkey. Earthquake in Burma. U. Angola and Laos turned Communist. Earthquake killed 5. celebrated its Bicentennial. Chairman MAO TSE-TUNG of China died in September.
The Alaska pipeline was completed. A Caribbean storm killed 1. Pope PAUL II visited Poland. LEE died July 20th.550. U. Panama took possession of the Panama Canal. Female American Episcopal Priest MARY SIMPSON preached at Westminster Abbey. Afghanistan turned Communist.S.000 in India. 1978 The Shroud of Turin was discovered.541 in Romania. 1. The World Vision International was formed.100.470 women are now ordained in the ministry.234 involved in spiritualism.000. Pope JOHN PAUL I died. population is 226. R. The U. Earthquakes killed 589 in Iran. JERRY FALWELL organized the Moral Majority in Virginia. AYATOLLAH KOHOMEINI proclaimed an Islamic Republic in Iran. A Java volcano killed 175. Guyana.S. Earthquakes in Greece. G. Shi’ite Islam became the state religion in Iran. World population estimated at 4. Russia invaded Afghanistan. tested the neutron bomb. Polish pope JOHN PAUL II ruled the Catholic Church. 10.S. Cyclones killed over 20. A “Black Hole” was discovered in the Milky Way. Japan.00 per ounce. The U.4 billion. gave the Panama Canal to Panama.S.000 in Iran. Pope PAUL VI died. Prime Minister BEGIN of Israel signed a peace treaty with Egypt. Gold prices reached $835. More riots and violence in South Africa. The International Bible Society produced “The New International Version of the Bible”. Earthquake killed 25. Mt. 125.S.000 Cuban refugees were taken into the U. Test-tube baby LOUISE BROWN was born in England. U. Saint Helens erupted and killed 66 in Washington state. Mexico and Europe. Iran and Iraq went to war. The capital of Israel was moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. 913 people belonging to JIM JONES’ People’s Temple cult committed suicide at Jonestown. Nicaragua turned Communist. JOHN R. population: 216 million. 1979 1980 . RICE died December 29th. RONALD REAGAN was elected the 40th president.
YURI ANDROPOV became leader of the USSR.000 was composed of 66% Protestant. AMY EILBERG became the first ordained female Rabbi in Conservative Judaism. U. the Lutheran Church in America and the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches merged into the 5. Israel invaded Lebanon. Scientists announced the “clay life” theory. that “an accumulation of chemical mistakes in clay led to life on earth. KONSTANTIN CHERNENKO became leader of the USSR. North and the Presbyterian Church in the U.S. 26% Catholic and 3% Jewish. The number of Islam followers reached one billion. RAYMOND BARBER withdrew from the World Baptist Fellowship and formed the Independent Baptist Fellowship International May 10th and began the Norris Bible Baptist Institute.651. The U. Homosexual and lesbian ordination was endorsed by 1. The world’s population passed the 5-billion mark on July 7th. B.3 million member Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. merged to form the Reformed Presbyterian Church. SCHAEFFER died May 15th. JR.S.S. South merged to form the Presbyterian Church in the U. Evangelical Synod. The American Lutheran Church. Marines were assigned to Lebanon.235 1981 1982 President REAGAN was shot and wounded by JOHN W.S. troops invaded Grenada.S. The United Presbyterian Church in the U. The Metropolitan Community Churches (Homosexual) were denied membership in the National Council of Churches. FRANCIS A. population of 242. Israel invaded Iraq and annexed Golan Heights.A. The Presbyterian Church in America and the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America. The Falkland Island War between Britain and Argentina.” MIKHAIL GORBACHEV became leader of the USSR. R.000 members of the Methodist Clergywomen’s meeting in New 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 .A. LAKIN died March 15th.S. HINCKLEY. The U.
The third worst drought in U.236 Jersey. 250. Uzbekistan June 20th. history killed 10. The Christian Reformed Church reports a membership of over 300. Islam became the 8th largest religious denomination in the U. The United Missionary Fellowship and World Evangelism Fellowship merged to form Biblical Ministries Worldwide.7 million members and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) with 1. with 3 million followers. Michigan for 40 years. 2.000 died of starvation in Sudan. The Presbyterian Church in America reports a membership of 160. The Council of Bible Believing Churches International was formed October 29th. Ohio. The Independent Baptist Fellowship was organized by a group of churches from the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches. 300. Byelorussia July 27th. The Orthodox Presbyterian Church withdrew from the Reformed Episcopal Synod. There are now 20.000.000 people and cost $30 billion. One-fourth of all American children born this year were born out of wedlock. Iraq invaded Kuwait August 2nd.000 Christians around the world are martyred for their faith each year. Azerbaijan withdrew from the USSR September 23rd. The following USSR republics withdrew from the USSR: Lithuania March 11th.44 million with 34. Ukraine July 16th. demanding legal recognition of lesbian and gay relationships.000 homosexual couples exchanged vows at “The Wedding” on October 10th.000 homosexuals marched on Washington D. The United Church of Christ with 1.1 million members. estimates an average of 330. DAVID BARNETT.S. 1988 The Episcopal Healing Ministry Foundation opened in Cincinnati. 1989 1990 . pastor of Wealth Street Baptist Church in Grand Rapids. DAVID OTIS FULLER.C.000 in 920 congregations. died February 28th. GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH was elected the 41st president. announced a plan to merge in 1989. a world missions expert.S. The Mormons report a membership of 6.730 ordained women in the ministry.750 missionaries.
HEWETT from the “moderates” in the Southern Baptist Convention at Atlanta.000 member denomination of 265 congregations. Byelorussia and Ukraine.237 Turkmenia August 22. cease fire on February 28th. VESTAL and JOHN H. MARIA JEPSEN was elected the first female bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. War with Iraq started January 16th. Georgia and Moldavia.09 million on their 44th anniversary. The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (Homosexuals) organized in 1968 has grown to a 27. Riots in Los Angeles. 1992 . The Soviet Union was officially dissolved on December 8th after 70 years. The following USSR republics withdrew from the USSR on August 27th: Estonia. A Commonwealth of Independent States was created by Russia. Armenia August 23rd and Tadzhikistan August 25th. Georgia in May. The population of Israel is 5. 1991 The Cooperative Baptist Fellowship was organized by DANIEL G.
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