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various national standards organizations. Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promulgates worldwide proprietary, industrial, and commercial standards. It has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
ISO has 162 national members out of the 205 total countries in the world.
A map of standards bodies who are ISO members ISO has three membership categories:
Member bodies are national bodies considered the most representative standards body
in each country. These are the only members of ISO that have voting rights.
Correspondent members are countries that do not have their own standards
organization. These members are informed about ISO's work, but do not participate in standards promulgation.
Subscriber members are countries with small economies. They pay reduced
membership fees, but can follow the development of standards.
How does the series on 9000 work? As businesses change and become more complex. The ISO 9000 standards are not rules. costs and benefits. ISO 9004 is designed to help managers develop a substantial quality system (Bureau of Business Practice). ISO has adapted to meet these demands. and quality assurance for different kinds of companies depending on the extent to which they design as well as manufacture products. ISO 9000 is a set of five International Standards for Quality Assurance. In the rest of this column the term ISO 9000 will be used to refer to this set of quality-related standards. ISO 9000 contains guidelines for the other four standards. to cover different aspects of the business. ISO 9003 is guidelines for final test and inspection. ISO 9002 involves standards for both production and installation. management responsibility. Figure: Brief explanation of ISO 9000 series. ISO 9001 is intended for suppliers who do a lot of design or customization. quality management. quality system principles.What is ISO 9000? The term `ISO 9000' is usually used to refer to a set of intimately related standards. One standard is a roadmap for the others. These standards cover quality design. Another one of the standards covers risks. 9002. . 9003 etc. but merely a set of guidelines that organize their processes and make it more cost effective. ISO has come up with 9001. and other building blocks that help users customize quality standards to conform to real-life situations.
an organization can better sell its product or service to its customer. less scrap. To distinguish between the earlier standards and the revised one. fewer defective products are produced. leads to more efficient production processes and less waste. When there is better coordination of processes. First. and. Better quality results in fewer defects. For all practical purposes. in turn. there used to be ISO 9000. the later was referred to as ‘ISO 9001:2000’ or ‘ISO 9000:2000’. Sixth.The table explains the difference between the series and what they objectives are. It can say that the product or service is the result of a process that continually tested for quality. the International Organization for Standardization merged all of them into a revised ISO 9001 standard. They begin to view operations through a "quality of management" lens. ISO 9000 and ISO 9001 connote the same." and resources are shared among departments more efficiently. Fifth. Both save money for a company. Why is ISO 9000 Important? ISO 9000 is important in the first instance because it gives organizations some guidance on how to manage for quality. managers and other employees become more aware of quality. During December 2000. and 2000 indicates the year of its revision. production processes can be made more efficient. lower production costs. Second. When employees feel that they are part of the process. Companies choose which series they use based on the scope of their operation ISO 9000:2000 and ISO 9001:2000 Earlier till December 2000. there is less "down time. With this certification in hand. This. employee morale improves. Finally. Whether certification is required or not. documentation of safety standards results in fewer . Secondly. INTERNAL BENEFITS. Fourth. they accept responsibility for quality. This leads to a more efficient company that can be more competitive in the marketplace. cooperation and communication are improved. Third. therefore. ISO 9001. Documenting procedures facilitates communication and promotes cooperation. This creates an incentive for workers to do a better job and makes the company more efficient. mechanisms exist by which an organization can be certified for conforming to ISO 9000 specifications. ISO 9000 series certification provides a variety of internal benefits. ISO 9000 certification leads to better documentation of company processes. ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 standards.
With certification.php http://www.com/woollen_mi ll/certification.com/spinning/qu ality. Thus. it improves customer satisfaction. a facility may be subject to dozens of audits per year. customers will not feel a need to audit every time they want to do business with a company. a company has already been audited. Certified companies gain access to markets that require ISO certification. it can help a company increase its market share.aspx? artid=mSJsSpP9lLc= ISO 9000. EXTERNAL BENEFITS. the company can respond more quickly to market needs. Companies following ISO 9000 series standards are perceived as "good corporate citizens" that produce higher quality products. there are many potential external benefits. In turn. ISO 14000. With better quality procedures. a customer may feel better about the product even if it is. This can result in major savings. it reduces the need for customer audits. it is reported that in some industry segments in the United States. The first is that company prestige increases. there is less downtime for employees. in some cases it may be as many as 30 per month. Finally. Second. of no higher quality than that of a non-certified manufacturer. they gain prestige that can help retain old customers and attract new ones. Similarly. TS 16949 and ISO 27000 . Third. For example. Therefore. in fact. Fifth.tata. Various Indian Companies Using ISO 9000 Series http://vardhmanthreads.php Fabrics ISO 9001 ISO 9002 For Quality Systems Management ISO-9001 For Quality Management System Quality Management System Standard: ISO 9001:2008 http://owmnahar. Higher quality means higher customer satisfaction.accidents. Further. OHSAS 18000.co m/ ISO 9001:2000 http://www.com/m anufacturer/specialsteel/vardhman/ http://owmnahar. it is easier to develop and market new product lines. The ultimate results are more efficient workers and lower costs of production. and they can deepen penetration of existing markets. Fourth. it creates a higher level of trust. Customers perceive a certified company as being more trust worthy than a non-certified company. Being the first to reach a market results in higher profits for the company. the manufacturer of a product is certified.vardhmansteel.com/article.
Benefits of ISO: Implementation of ISO helps the textile and apparel industries to enhance their product and process quality.Application in the Textile and Apparel Industries: Textile and apparel industries have many complicated activities and challenges involved in the course of its operation. factual approach towards the decision making process. To keep pace with the market scenario. and geo textiles are providing new opportunities for the manufacturers and tap the market. nonwovens. the main matter of concern in textile industry is that an imperative relation exists between the quality of the materials and the quality of the final product. Their operation incurs heavy expenditure to the manufacturers. . Many textile and apparel industries have implemented ISO standards to lower its operating costs and improve the quality of its output. Simultaneously. The cost of implementing ISO is comparatively cheaper to the benefits derived out of it. Furthermore. ISO certified companies focus more on the quality of its products and operations. Textile and apparel industries account for a sizable percent of manufacturing jobs in a global perspective. ISO certification helps the companies in market creation and penetration. It also motivates the employees in improving quality. these opportunities also encompass them with critical challenges. They form a massive industrial complex and prove to be a big contributor among the manufacturing industries of any country. This will result in a systematic approach to management. Textile and apparel industries are in the midst of major changes. global competition is heating up. and apparels and quick response to the needs of the customer. As it is a well-recognized standard for quality. incessant performance improvement. ultimately increasing the level of customer satisfaction. electro textiles. But. Market for ISO Certification: As every day passes by. Some textile and apparel industries view ISO certification is only necessary as a factor for exports. medical textiles. Many ISO certified companies positively assert that their total costs went down to a considerable extent regarding quality maintenance after the implementation of ISO. and a mutually benefiting suppliers relationship. minimizes defective supplies and reworking. ISO standards enable the industry to enhance the quality of raw material input. Innovations in the fields of nanotextiles. industries rely more on quality and innovative fabrics. Organizations today engage in many international trade activities. it can also be used as a marketing tool. They employ millions of people directly and indirectly. it shows the customers that the company takes quality seriously. and this certification proves a pre-requisite for their survival in international competition. Thus is helps the manufacturers in 'Weaving a Quality Industry'. thereby strengthening the quality of the ultimate product.
such as in the EU. They are convinced that the program will pay for itself as it results in lower production costs and greater efficiency in operation as well as access to new markets and new customers. Yusuf Gunaman Dennis De-Almeida 5.wikipedia. the ISO 9000 series standards are process standards.wikipedia. By Anthony Nurre.iso. http://en. What it means to be ISO 9000 Certified. certification has almost become a necessity for doing business. certification is mandatory in certain industries.org/tsc/iso9000.org/wiki/International_Organization_for_Standardization 3. But the ISO 9000 series standards do not guarantee quality products from the companies that participate in the program. not product standards. REFRENCE 1. http://www. ISO Certification for Textile and Apparel Industries By: Fibre2Fashion. http://www. http://en. Their widespread use throughout the world is creating desirable harmonization in terms of providing goods to the public.org/iso/home. And in some countries.referenceforbusiness. Yet. http://www. http://www. In many industries.cfm 8.com/community/awards-and-standards/introduction-iso-9000-9001-9002-iso90002000-2/ .org/wiki/ISO_9000 2.com 6.acm. http://www.com/encyclopedia/Int-Jun/ISO-9000.htm 9.com/ba/ISO-9001-logos.html 7.CONCLUSION Certification of businesses to the ISO 9000 series standards is increasing rapidly around the world. Many companies see implementation of the standards as an investment in the future.iso9000resources.html 4.isixsigma.