WordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and

MySQL. It has many features including a plug-in architecture and a template system. WordPress is used by over 16.7% of Alexa Internet's "top 1 million" websites and as of August 2011 manages 22% of all new websites.[5] WordPress is currently the most popular blogging system in use on the Internet.[6][7] It was first released on May 27, 2003, by founders Matt Mullenweg[1] and Mike Little[8] as a fork of b2/cafelog. As of December 2011, version 3.0 had been downloaded over 65 million times.[9]


  

  

1 Features o 1.1 Themes o 1.2 Plugins o 1.3 Widgets o 1.4 Multi-user and multi-blogging o 1.5 Mobiles o 1.6 Other features of note 2 History o 2.1 Awards o 2.2 Removal of sponsored themes o 2.3 Releases 3 Future 4 Vulnerabilities 5 Development and support o 5.1 Key developers o 5.2 WordCamp developer and user conferences o 5.3 Support 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

[edit] Features

WordPress template hierarchy

and more. [edit] Multi-user and multi-blogging Prior to WordPress 3. iPad). small news slider.[12] [edit] Mobiles Native applications exist for WebOS. Themes may be installed using the WordPress "Dashboard" administration tool or theme folders may be uploaded via FTP. Widgets allow WordPress developers to add functionality to their sites. clean permalink structure. Facebook-like box. These small modules can be used to add functionality such as a slideshow. WordPress has a database of over 18. or just WPMU) was a fork of WordPress created to allow multiple blogs to exist within one installation that is able to be administered by a centralized maintainer. a search engine–friendly.[14] iOS (iPhone. as well as control and moderate all the blogs from a single dashboard.WordPress has a web template system using a template processor. Themes allow users to change the look and functionality of a WordPress website or installation without altering the information content. the ability to assign nested.000 plugins[11] with purposes ranging from SEO to adding widgets.0. [edit] Widgets Widgets are small modules that offer users drag-and-drop sidebar content placement and implementation of many plugins' extended abilities. multiple categories to articles. [edit] Themes WordPress users may install and switch between themes. although multiple concurrent copies may be run from different directories if configured to use separate database tables.[10] The PHP and HTML code in themes can also be edited for more advanced customizations. WordPress Multi-User (WordPress MU. iPod Touch.org blogs. WordPress MU merged with WordPress as part of the 3.0 release. [edit] Plugins One very popular feature of WordPress is its rich plugin architecture which allows users and developers to extend its abilities beyond the features that are part of the base install. providing . Automatic filters are also included. WordPress MU makes it possible for those with a website to host their own blogging community. [edit] Other features of note WordPress also features integrated link management. and BlackBerry[17] which provide access to some of the features in the WordPress Admin panel and work with WordPress.[13] Android.com and many WordPress.[15][16] Windows Phone 7. WordPress supported one blog per installation. WordPress MU adds eight new data tables for each blog. and support for tagging of posts and articles.

[18] b2/cafelog was estimated[by whom?] to have been employed on approximately 2. Although WordPress is the official successor. shortly after the announcement was made. suggested the name WordPress.[25][26] [edit] Removal of sponsored themes On July 10. WordPress first appeared in 2003 as a joint effort between Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little to create a fork of b2.standardized formatting and styling of text in articles (for example. more commonly known as simply b2 or cafelog.[citation needed] it was applauded by WordPress users who consider such themes to be spam. It was written in PHP for use with MySQL by Michel Valdrighi. In 2010 WordPress won the Hall of Fame CMS category in the 2010 Open Source Awards.[23] [edit] Awards In 2007 WordPress won a Packt Open Source CMS Award. [edit] History b2/cafelog.[20] In 2004 the licensing terms for the competing Movable Type package were changed by Six Apart and many of its most influential users migrated to WordPress. another project.000 blogs as of May 2003. who is now a contributing developer to WordPress. b2evolution.[24] In 2011 WordPress won the Open Source Web App of the Year Award at The Critters.net would no longer host themes containing sponsored links. Sponsored themes are still available elsewhere.[31] The official WordPress theme directory ceased to accept any new themes. converting regular quotes to smart quotes).[29][30] Although this move was criticized by designers and users of sponsored themes. 2007. is also in active development. as well as free themes with additional sponsored links added by third parties. WordPress also supports the Trackback and Pingback standards for displaying links to other sites that have themselves linked to a post or article. following a discussion on the WordPress ideas forum[27] and a post by Mark Ghosh in his blog Weblog Tools Collection.[19] Christine Selleck Tremoulet.[21][22] By October 2009 the 2009 Open Source content management system Market Share Report reached the conclusion that WordPress enjoyed the greatest brand strength of any open-source content-management systems. a friend of Mullenweg. including those without sponsored links.[28] Matt Mullenweg announced that the official WordPress theme directory at http://themes. was the precursor to WordPress.[32][33] .wordpress. In 2009 WordPress won the Packt best Open Source CMS Awards.

On July 18.[40] 16 May Added widget support for templates.2 Mingus 1.0. fully supports Atom 1. 2008.org/extend/themes/.[37] Only 0. 22 May Added support of plugins.[39] 22 January Corrected security issues.[42] .[36] Legend: Old version Current version Future release Version Code name 0. which same 2004 identification headers are used unchanged in WordPress releases as of 2011. fully overhauled the back end.0.2 2.0 Duke 2. better administration tools.1 Ella 2.[41] 24 Added native tagging support. first by an automated program and then by a human. and some much needed security fixes. with the publishing protocol. 31 Added rich editing. December image uploading.3 Getz Dexter Release Notes date 27 May Used the same file structure as its predecessor.7 none 1. updated Atom 2007 feed support. 17 Added a range of vital features. improved import 2005 system. 2008. author mentions are permitted in each theme but the official policy does not allow for sponsorships or links to sites distributing non-GPL compatible themes. over 200 themes were removed from the WordPress theme directory as they did not comply with GPL License requirements. a new theme directory opened at https://wordpress.[34] Any theme that is uploaded to it will be vetted. and speed optimizations. redesigned interface.[35] Today. Non-GPL compliant themes are now hosted on other theme directories.5 Strayhorn 2. new taxonomy September system for categories. styled along the same lines as the plug-ins directory. [edit] Releases WordPress releases are codenamed after well-known jazz musicians. and improved content management options.71-gold is available for download in the official WordPress Release Archive page.6. 2007 enhanced editing tools (including integrated spell check and auto save). and various improvements to plugin developers. and continued the numbering from its last release. starting after version 1. and easy notification of 2007 updates. 0. faster posting. On December 12. 2005 It was also equipped with a new default template (code named Kubrick)[38] designed by Michael Heilemann. such as ability to February manage static pages and a template/theme system. 2003 b2/cafelog.

5 Version 2. which is displayed on all February blog pages when an admin is logged in.1. so version 2.4 3.8 2. improved image workflow [50] 2012 29 March 2008 [edit] Future .[49] Gershwin 4 July 2011 Focused on making WordPress faster and lighter.0 3. from 2008 within the administration interface. a new default theme called "Twenty Ten". and Post 2011 Format.[44] Coltrane 11 Administration interface redesigned fully.4 was skipped.5 Brecker 2.[47] 2009 Thelonious 17 June Added a new theme application programming 2010 interfaces (API). and many less visible tweaks. the merge of WordPress and WordPress MU. Includes internal linking abilities.b. such as comments and updates. (t.6 2. Released only four months after version 3. The administration interface was fully redesigned. It provides easy access to many critical functions. and many other changes.3 3.[43] Tyner 15 July Added new features that made WordPress a more 2008 powerful CMS: it can now track changes to every post and page and allow easy posting from anywhere on the web. 2012 Twitter integration and several minor changes. 2011 Green 13 June Focused on improvements to theme customization. best explained as a Tumblr like microblogging feature. creating the new multi-site functionality. reflecting the growing speed of development in the WordPress community.1 3. 5 Support of the Retina Display.9 3. batch December plugin updating. added automatic 2009 installing of themes from within administration interface.2.7 2.2 3. Sonny 12 Focused on making WordPress friendlier for December beginners and tablet computer users. built-in image editor. new announced) December theme: Twenty Twelve. a newly streamlined writing interface. and the WordPress website to match the new style. introduces the CodePress editor for syntax highlighting and a redesigned widget interface.5 added two releases worth of new code.[45] Baker 10 June Had improvements in speed. added December automatic upgrades and installing plugins. and many less visible tweaks. color picker.[48] Reinhardt 23 Added the Admin Bar.[46] Carmen 19 Added global undo.

spoke critically of WordPress's security track record.[62] However.2.[60] In May 2007. were targeted and attacked with a WordPress exploit. the minimum requirement PHP version and MySQL were raised as well. an advisory released at the time advised all users to upgrade immediately.2 release addressed this issue. the development team took a release cycle off from the WordPress software to focus on expanding and improving the WordPress community. particularly in 2007 and 2008.[65] Users can also protect their WordPress installations by taking steps such as renaming the default admin account. WordPress made updating the software a much easier.[63] In a June 2007 interview. with a maximum rating of "Less Critical". as well as many low-profile commercial blogs featuring AdSense.[53] [edit] Vulnerabilities Many security issues[54][55] were uncovered in the software.[61] In part to mitigate this problem.1.htaccess file to prevent many types of SQL injection attacks and block unauthorized access to sensitive files.[67] WordPress is also developed by its community.[57][58] In January 2007.[59] A separate vulnerability on one of the project site's web servers allowed an attacker to introduce exploitable code in the form of a back door to some downloads of WordPress 2. Andrew Ozz. a study revealed that 98% of WordPress blogs being run were exploitable because they were running outdated and unsupported versions of the software.After the release of WordPress 3. can be an additional risk. With version 3. Matt Mullenweg.1. citing problems with the application's architecture that made it unnecessarily difficult to write code that is secure from SQL injection vulnerabilities. beta . as well as editing the site's . and the filesystem security settings. released on July 4. WordPress in April 2009 had 7 unpatched security advisories (out of 32 total). Mark Jaquith. required to enable the update process.0. including WP testers. a group of volunteers who test each release. Peter Westwood and Andrew Nacin.[66] [edit] Development and support [edit] Key developers Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little were cofounders of the project. many high-profile search engine optimization (SEO) blogs. According to Secunia. Stefan Esser. the founder of the PHP Security Response Team.1. The 2. 2011.7 (released in December 2008). WP Security Scan and many others. 2011.[56] Secunia maintains an up-to-date list of WordPress vulnerabilities. the irregular release cycle means admins still have to be on their toes.1 was subsequently released in February. "one click" automated process in version 2. They have early access to nightly builds. as well as some other problems.[64] Individual installations of WordPress can be protected with security plugins such as Better WP Security.[51][52] WordPress 3. The core contributing developers include Ryan Boren.

there have been over 150 WordCamps around the world. Bulgaria (2011) "WordCamp" is the name given to all WordPress-related gatherings.[71] Since then. both informal unconferences and more formal conferences. or the project's Trac tool. The primary support website is WordPress.[73 . Errors are documented in a special mailing list. Automattic handed the WordPress trademark to the newly created WordPress Foundation. WordPress relies on peer support. for an average of nearly one a week.[71] WordCamp San Francisco.org. which lasted one day and had over 500 attendees. [edit] WordCamp developer and user conferences A WordCamp in Sofia. On September 9. which is an umbrella organization supporting WordPress. bbPress and BuddyPress.[69][70] The first WordCamp outside San Francisco was held in Beijing in September 2007. WordPress is closely associated with Automattic.[72] [edit] Support As a free and open source platform.versions and release candidates. an annual event. 2010. Though largely developed by the community surrounding it.[68] The first such event was WordCamp 2006 in August 2006 in San Francisco.org (including the software and archives for plugins and themes). the company founded by Matt Mullenweg. remains the official annual conference of WordPress developers and users.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful