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# RANGAKAIAN DIODA

## Hamzah Afandi, Antonius Irianto dan

Betty Savitri

Sources:
Millman, Jacob, Grabel, Arvin, Microelectronics,
Mc. Graw Hill Int. Ed., 1994.
Sixth Edition; Prentice Hall,1997
Review: p-n Junction
Volt-Ampere Characteristic of Diode
( ) A 1 =
T D
V V
S D
I I
q
c
q = type of semiconductor factor ( for Si q= 2, Ge q= 1 )
V
T
= Volt-Equivalent of Temperature = 25 mV (at 293
o
K)
V
D

I
D

I
S

V
Z

V

(0.6 - 0.7 for Si)
(0.2 - 0.3 for Ge)
Review: p-n Junction
V
D

I
D

I
DQ

V
DQ

V
AA

R
V
AA

Quiscent Point
V
D

+
_
I
D
+
_
V
AA

R
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

=
= + +
1
0 .
T
D
V
V
S D
D AA
D
D D AA
e I I
R
V V
I
V I R V
q
Analysis of Diode Circuit:
Ideal Diode Approach
V
D

I
D

V
D

+
_
I
D

Forward/Active Reverse
A
K
A
K
A
K
A
K
A
K
Simple diode circuit analysis
Diode Circuit:
+5V
1K
+9V
10K
-9V
1K
-5V
10K
(a) (b)
(c)
(d)
Simple diode circuit analysis
Diode Circuit:
+10V
2K
2K
4K
6K
R
1

R
2

R
3

R
4

D
Q: V
12
= .. ? (D = ON/OFF ?)

V
1

V
2

V
K K
K
R R
R
V 6 10
6 4
6
10
4 3
4
2
=
+
=
+
=
V
K K
K
R R
R
V 5 10
2 2
2
10
2 1
2
1
=
+
=
+
=
0 1 6 5
2 1 12
< = = = V V V V
Diode is CORRECTLY OFF!
Assumption that Diode is OFF
A LOGIC GATE
Diode Circuit:
+5V
R
S

R
L

D
1

V
I
V
O
+6V 0V
V
I
V
O

+6V +5V
0V 0V
V
A

V
B

+6V
+6V
A LOGIC GATE
Diode Circuit:
+5V
R
S

R
L

D
1

V
O

V
B
V
O

+6V +6V +5V
D
2

V
A

0V +6V 0V
+6V 0V 0V
0V 0V 0V
Clipping Circuit
Diode Circuit:
+
10V
R
1

D
20V
Vi
20V
Vo
10V
Clipping Circuit
Diode Circuit:
+
10V
R
1

D
20V
Vi
20V
Vo
-10V
Clipping Circuit
Diode Circuit:
+
10V
R
1

D
1

20V
Vi
10V
D
2

20V
Vo
10V
-10V
Diodes as Rectifiers
(Half Wave Rect.)
Diode Circuit:
R
L

D
Vo
( ) | |
t
u
t
u u
t
t
t
Vm Vm
d Vm V
DC
= = =
}
0
0
cos
2
sin
2
1
Diodes as Rectifiers
(Full Wave Rect.)
Diode Circuit:
R
L

D
1

Vo
D
2

( ) | |
t
u
t
u u
t
t
t
Vm Vm
d Vm V
DC
2
cos
2
2
sin
2
1
2
0
0
= = =
}
Diodes as Rectifiers
(Full Wave Rect.)
Diode Circuit:
Vo
D
1
D
2

D
3
D
4

R
L

t
Vm
V
DC
2
=
Diodes as Rectifiers
(Full Wave Rect. + Filter)
Diode Circuit:
Vo
D
1
D
2

D
3
D
4

R
L

C
Vm V
DC
=
Diodes as Rectifiers
(Voltage Regulator Concept)
Diode Circuit:
100
) (
% % =
DC
r
V
rms V
factor ripple r
100 Re % %

=
FL
FL NL
V
V V
gulation Voltage VR
V
r
= Ripple Voltage (RMS),
V
DC
= DC Output Voltage
V
NL
V
FL
Peak Detectors
Diode Circuit:
R
D
C
Vi
V
O

AM Demodulator
Diode Circuit:
R
D
C
Vi
Vo
Voltage Doubler
Diode Circuit:
D
2

C
1

D
1

C
2

+
V
SP

Vi
V
O
= 2 V
SP

2V
SP
+
_
+
_
Switching Flyback
Diode Circuit:
+Vs
i = 0
+
_
v
+Vs
i
+
_
v
+Vs
C
+
_
V
SW

t
V
C

t
SW SW SW
D
L L L
Flyback Prevention
Diode Circuit:
+Vs
+
_
i
+Vs
+
_
i
SW SW
D
L
D
L
Analysis of Diode Circuits:
Large-Signal Model
(Piecewise Linear Approach)
V
D

I
D

I
S

V
Z

V

1/R
f

I
D
=(V
D
-V

)/R
F
1/R
r

I
D
=(V
D
/R
R
) - I
S
Analysis of Diode Circuits:
Large-Signal Model (Piecewise Linear)
R
f

Forward-Biased Diode
(On)
Reversed-Biased Diode
(Off)
V

R
r

I
S

I
D
=(V
D
-V

)/R
F I
D
=(V
D
/R
R
) - I
S
A
K K
A
K
A
K
A
K
Analysis of Diode Circuits:
Characteristic Transfer Curve Method
+
10V
R
1

D
2
0
V

V
i

20V
Vo
10V
v
i

v
o

1/Rr
1/Rf
Analysis of Diode Circuits:
Using PWL & Characteristic Transfer Curve
Solve For:
+
5V
5K
D
1

D
2

5V
v
O

5K
t
v
i

10
-10
CALCULATION
EXAMPLES
Given in class